Explore the BBC News News Sport Weather Shop Earth Travel Capital iPlayer Culture Autos Future TV Radio CBBC CBeebies Food iWonder Bitesize Travel Music Earth Arts Make It Digital Taster Nature Local Terms of Use About the BBC Privacy Policy Cookies Accessibility Help Parental Guidance Contact the BBC Advertise with us Ad choices Copyright © 2016 BBC. The documents are a treasure trove for historians, showing the fragmentary, elusive quality of raw intelligence.
The picture they paint is of American naivety at the beginning, a distracting obsession with Osama bin Laden, aid programmes that did not work, failure to understand the nature of the Taliban, and the continuing poor quality of Afghan police and soldiers. It is easy to see why the leak of all of this information would infuriate a White House desperate to make 2010 the year they change the way they do business in Afghanistan.
The extent of American penetration and control of Afghan intelligence revealed in the documents will also raise questions about Afghan independence.
Reports show that targeted assassinations of suspected Taliban and al-Qaeda leaders, stepped up under the Obama administration, have often killed civilians. Wikileaks says it delayed the release of about 15,000 reports from the archive as part of a "harm minimisation process demanded by our source".
The UK's exit from the European Union could cause "severe regional and global damage", the IMF warns in its quarterly economic outlook. WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange gestures during a news conference at the Ecuadorian embassy in central London August 18, 2014.
The organization said its motivation for releasing the files was to "challenge the secrecy and the lack of accountability of the surveillance industry," a reference to the fact that this malware is legally used by a wide variety of governments, including repressive ones.
Releasing files of malware looks more like a publicity stunt than a major help to the security industry, although it's unlikely that many or even any of them would have detected it. Also released by Wikileaks is a bundle of mostly old and known documents, including cheap-looking Videos, dull brochures and support details.
This stands to underline how easy it now is to get past more or less any antivirus program going as long as the malware is new enough or the antivirus older.
Information taken from the cache also suggested that FinFisher had been used by 64 customers, with 171 licenses issued.
Governments it said had used it - identified through support requests - included Slovakia, Mongolia, Qatar, South Africa, Bahrain, Pakistan, Estonia, Vietnam, Belgium, Nigeria, Netherlands, PCS Security in Singapore, Bangladesh, Hungary, Italy, Bosnia & Herzegovina, and even Australia's NSW state Police, Wikileaks said. Wikileaks describes Gamma International as being a German company but it's not entirely clear that it's that simple.
The leaks have caused a lot of embarrassment for the American military and government,  as well as the governments of multiple other countries. WikiLeaks is a not-for-profit media organization focused on open government and free press. He has been charged with multiple offenses - the most serious being: "aiding the enemy" a capital offense which could result in the death penalty or a life sentence. He has also accepted that the government has evidence that Bin Laden had taken close personal interest in the material published by WikiLeaks.
To have a fair trial - at the minimum, those who judge should be open-minded and without bias regarding the matters under consideration at the start of the proceedings.
It is fair to expect that the normal military mind-set - which is very much influenced by power and control, blind obedience and secrecy - will have pre-set the mark to prove innocence to a very high level in the minds of most military personnel participating in the trial.
For those involved in the court-martial who have served in war zones or have friends who served or died in war zones; it will be difficult to assess the evidence without that emotional baggage influencing judgement. Secret sessions or secret witnesses add to the risk of staged evidence being presented that cannot be adequately checked or refuted.
It allows the military to hide information that might influence what the public thinks went on. Julian Assange of WikiLeaks and a coalition of activists and journalists have filed a lawsuit in a bid to open access to the secretive proceedings. Besides issues claimed to threaten national security; the leaks have caused a huge amount of embarrassment for the American government and military as well as other governments. It goes without saying that the military and the government want to discourage this from happening again. Amongst the documents Bradley Manning took, there was clear evidence of wrong-doing that it was reasonable to "out" as a whistle-blower.
The outcome for this young man who took a stand against the inhumane actions and atrocities of war is likely to result in a good many more years of his life being wasted in confinement.


The capacity of this case to generate more bad PR for the American military and government is great. Possibly President Obama would not have been fully aware of the facts in the WikiLeaks - Bradley Manning - Julian Assange affair.
In a Democracy, actions by government or its offshoots (including "contractors") should be transparent.
This is the exact opposite of open, transparent, accountable government - and brings us ever closer to George Orwell's 1984. The people generally trust their government, law-makers and the publicly funded bureaucrats who are responsible for representing their interests. If you pull the tail of the tiger; it is to be expected that the tiger will wake up, take notice of it's tormenters and give chase. In the interests of democracy, justice, world peace and a stable economy for ordinary people - the tiger must run wrong-doers to the ground. All that is required for evil to take hold and grow is to: close your eyes, block your ears, shut your mouth - and do nothing.
Manning, 25, was not the troubled, naive soldier defense attorneys have made him out to be, Fein said. Even Osama bin Laden had some of the digital files at his compound (pictured) in Pakistan when he was killed in 2011, the prosecutor said.
But he says he didn't believe the information would harm troops in Afghanistan and Iraq or threaten national security. Prosecutors must prove Manning knew Al-Qaeda would see the material to get a conviction on the most serious charge of aiding the enemy. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. It was also given in advance to the New York Times, the Guardian and the German news magazine, Der Spiegel.
UK Foreign Secretary William Hague said he did not think the leaks would damage the international effort in Afghanistan.
The Guardian and the New York Times say they had no contact with the original source of the leak, but spent weeks cross-checking the information.Earlier this year, Wikileaks posted a video on its website which it said showed the killings of civilians by a US military helicopter in Baghdad in 2007. That said, even if they now do, the makers of FinFisher can simply produce a new iteration if they haven't already done so.
However, one eye-catching one is a spreadsheet from April 2014 laid out like a perverse antivirus test where almost every single product fails on almost every single count. That doesn't sound like a lot but this is a very very expensive piece of software and a license gives a lot of use. The holding company, Lench IT solutions, has a UK subsidiary (where the company started), Gamma International Ltd, but also a German equivalent, Gamma International GmbH. Although the New Yorker has recently publicized it's secure information drop for whistle-blowers called Strongbox; WikiLeaks has been using high end data security information drop techniques for a long time.
If he is not found guilty of aiding the enemy, he still faces the other charges which could result in a cumulative maximum sentence of 150 years in prison. This should particularly apply to anyone for whom the outcome could be death or life imprisonment. Their selection should not be engineered, other than in a way that is mutually agreed and is fair to both sides. Glittering generalities related to patriotism and national security will likely have even greater psychological influence in a military court martial.
It also effectively results in card stacking - because relevant data is omitted from the public sessions. Julian Assange of WikiLeaks has been maliciously accused of something it is very unlikely actually occurred (in a criminal sense), in order to blacken his reputation, discredit his work and trap him. Are these the actions of a truly country that has a genuine open democratic government in action - not just in words? The wrong-doings that were covered up - which he reported - were the catalyst for his actions.
Lies and deception are often used to put a positive spin on matters  we would not agree to, or would disgust us if we knew the truth.


Without it, the risk of a decline into an authoritarian form of government is virtually inevitable. Are we prepared to take action to guard our democratic rights and our rights to justice and fair treatment? He displayed a smiling photo of Manning from 2010 when he was visiting relatives while on leave. They presented evidence Manning knew 'the enemy' in general used the Internet, and that leakers with evil intent might use WikiLeaks to spill secrets.A Fein's closing remarks, including calling Manning a traitor, struck a chord with his supporters.
The Nato-led International Security Assistance Force (Isaf) acknowledged the deaths of the children at the time, but stated that coalition troops had attacked because of "nefarious activity" there.
A US army intelligence analyst, Specialist Bradley Manning, is awaiting trial on charges including releasing classified information. FinFisher isn't like conventional malware in that it is directed against tiny numbers of people spread across the globe. It has also upset companies such as Mozilla which in 2013 sent the firm a cease and desist letter after discovering that the spyware was impersonating Firefox in order to infect targets. He has pleaded guilty to the lesser charges of prejudicing the good order and discipline of the military by leaking information which carries a maximum of 20 years. The factors weighing in against a fair trial relate to the likely pre-trial mind-set of those judging him.
In addition, the persons involved in the judgement should be free from undue influence during the proceedings up to the time of judgement.
Wrong impressions may be spun by making insinuations toward what the secret data was and what it meant - when referenced in the public session. These actions  seem more like the actions of a defensive authoritarian regime that will not tolerate the public knowing the truth, or speaking out against wrong-doing. Major Ashden Fein said Manning betrayed his country's trust and gave classified information to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks, knowing the material would be seen by Al-QaedaEven Osama bin Laden had some of the digital files at his compound in Pakistan when he was killed, the prosecutor said.
As court recessed for the day, a man said, 'You're a hero, Bradley, as far as I'm concerned.' Several others murmured support for Manning in what became a loud buzz. A former hacker, Adrian Lamo, said Spc Manning boasted to him about handing over military videos and 260,000 classified US embassy messages to Wikileaks. The judge angrily shouted, 'Gallery, that's enough!' Defense attorney David Coombs said supporters on Friday would hear what truth sounds like. Fein said Manning relied on WikiLeaks and its founder Julian Assange for guidance on what to leak, starting within two weeks of his arrival in Iraq in November 2009.
It's precisely as their intelligence regarding Saddam Hussein keeping weapons of mass destruction in his closet," he added. Meanwhile, Nato said an investigation had found "no evidence" that as many as 52 civilians died in an air strike in Helmand province on Friday.
Referring to a 'Most Wanted Leaks' list the organization published, Fein said WikiLeaks sought almost exclusively information about the U.S. President Karzai's office had said Afghan intelligence believed coalition forces had killed women and children in the village of Rigi.
That is why they are not winning, because they have no cause."The Pakistani presidential spokeswoman, Farahnaz Ispahani, said the leaks might be an attempt to sabotage the new strategic dialogue between the US and Pakistan. The BBC also spoke to villagers who said they had witnesses the incident."Any speculation at this point of an alleged civilian casualty in Rigi Village is completely unfounded," Isaf Communication Director Rear Adm Greg Smith said in a statement. He has been holed up in the Ecuadorean Embassy in London to avoid extradition to Sweden on sex crimes allegations. He faces up to 20 years in prison for those offenses, but prosecutors pressed ahead with the original charges.



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