Montana Wilderness Survival TipsAugust 12, 2015Most of the time when we head into the back country, we are prepared. To get a fire started all you have to do is smear some of the Chapstick onto a cotton ball (if you forgot the cotton balls, use a corner or a sleeve of a cotton shirt).
The Forager's Harvest: A Guide to Identifying, Harvesting, and Preparing Edible Wild Plants by Samuel Thayer. A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants: Eastern and Central North America by Lee Allen Peterson. In a survival situation, be sure to start searching for food while youa€™re still operating at full strength.
Whenever possible, evaluate the condition of an animal before killing it.A  Active, lively animals have less chance of being rabid or sick, and therefore can be safely eaten (in most cases) after light cooking. It's not always easy or legal to find and shoot deer and moose, so consider the many game animals available when trying to survive in the wilderness. Rabbits: These are a source of lean meat only, so eat them sparingly or combine with fattier foods. Although they provide balanced nutrition, trout and many other types of pan fish provide few calories.A  A fat salmon, however, can offer a substantial meal of 900 calories.
Make a basket by rounding a green branch into a frame, then attach a lattice of leaves or porous cloth around the frame. Tie a button or bright cloth to a line as bait, and when the fish bites, quickly pull fling him onto shore. To prepare fish for cooking, slit it with your knife on the belly side, from the anal vent to the head.
To preserve fish for future consumption, cut the flesh into thin strips and hang to dry.A  For long-term storage, dehydrate the fillets by heating them wrapped in green leaves and set atop a grate on a low fire. Crabs: All are edible, but like other shell-fish, you should keep them alive until cooking time to avoid potential toxins released in their systems.
Clams: Along the Pacific shore below the Aleutian Islands, The dark meat of salt-water varieties SHOULD NOT be eaten between April and October. Bones are rich in minerals and can be salvaged if found with the carcass of an animal killed by another predator (i.e.
Often neglected in survival situations, Vitamin C is essential to health and a lack of it results in scurvy. Except for hard portions, wings, and any areas of poisonous secretions, all parts of insects are usually edible.A  Remove a grasshoppera€™s legs, wings and head before eating raw or cooking.
Ants (bitter taste), spiders and moths are edible.A For red ants, hold them by the head and bite off the back side to eat. For fresh meat, cook only as long as necessary in order to reap the most nutrition.A  If available, you can use clumps of moss as oven mitts.
Quick and Dirty Oven: For food requiring several hours to cook, hot rocks make a good lasting heat source. Tripod: Lay two or three branches with forked tops against each other teepee- style and steady them so they'll hold a load.
Ideally, anyone going into the wilderness will have, at the very minimum, a basic survival kit. Morse code is commonly an audio signal, sent over a wire, with a whistle or even tapping a piece of metal on a pipe. The idea with any distress signal is to create visual signals, sounds and even smells that would not normally be found in nature.If you choose to find help yourself, it is a good idea to stick to waterways and coastlines. Thata€™s why knowing how to construct a wilderness shelter is such an important skill for anyone who spends any amount of time in the great outdoors.
Here are some actual real-world Survival Shelters; these shelters should give you a good idea of whata€™s possible and can give you a good starting point to go out there and practice.
Here is a great example of an easy Aframe shelter, covered with leaves and debris for added insulation and waterproofing.
Here’s a quick and easy swamp bed that can help get you up off the ground in cold, wet, or damp environments. A good fire reflector helps maximize heat retention and minimizes the amount of firewood you use.
Here is a good example of a Lean To Shelter with a Reflector wall for bouncing heat back into the shelter.

A survival shelter doesn’t have to be fancy to work, and it can often be improvised with existing structures and random materials sourced from the area.
The cordage for the bed is roots by the look of it and if a person does not have a knife on them while hiking in the woods, they really should stay home. I have made shelters 4 and 6 with nothing more then a pocket knife which I always have on me.
If you use spruce root you can tie down nearly anything, a basic fixed blade survival knife you can use to make all the shelters above. Tall, conical shaped shelter (tee-pee style) with fire inside to heat and cook out of the wind, rain or snow.
The temperatures can plummet at night, and you can be left shivering all night long if you can’t get something going. There are plenty of pine needles around, and fallen branches that you can use to get something going.
Using your fingers break the cotton ball apart and spread the lip balm around.  The oil in the balm will act as an accelerant, and you can get a fire lit quickly.
It won’t slow you down to throw a fanny pack with some emergency food, water, and fire starter on. Most people can survive without it for 2-4 weeks, so it's not necessary to make yourself sick with unappetizing mouthfuls.
Carefully remove the entrails of fish, reptiles, mammmals and large insects before eating or cooking them. Keep in mind that animals that have been harassed or chased prior to the kill release lactic acid into their muscles.A  That makes the meat more perishable, so plan to eat it the same day.
Rabbits often rely on camouflage rather than flight from their predators, so pretend you dona€™t notice one as you approach it. When retrieving, try to leave some of the eggs to insure the next generation of available prey.
During these months clams consume poisonous sea organisms that cana€™t be destroyed by heat. Blood is also rich in vitamins, iron and other minerals.A  Four tablespoons can be as nutritious as 10 eggs.
Depending on the situation, rawhide may be better utilized as shoemaking material, or for warmth.
Drink spruce or pine needle tea to get nearly eight times the amount of C as a glass of orange juice.
The most important component of a survival diet is fat, and bugs are 100% fat.A  You can catch them using a light or torch fire at night. Other ants that bite will have formic acid that can irritate your digestive tract, so heat or cook them first when possible. Cook all meat well enough to avoid germs, parasites or disease, but overcooked meat is not healthy either. You can pull out the cooled rocks after awhile and toss in newly heated rocks to keep the soup stewing along. Remove the pouch below neck, then cut or rip open body with your hands above and below the ribs.
Save the drained blood for soup, as it's highly nourishing.A  Cut the animal around each ankle. For long-term storage, cut in long strips, trimming off fat (save this) and hang this meat in the sun and wind until it's hard and black.A  Fat makes meat rancid. It very rarely happens that you have no plans to go into the wild, yet wind up in the middle of nowhere. But it can be a visual signal too, made by flicking a flashlight on and off, for instance.Morse code works by assigning a combination of "dots" and "dashes" to each letter of the alphabet. In fact, when it comes to common ways that people die during a wilderness emergency, hypothermia, a drop in core body temperature, and hyperthermia, an increase in the bodya€™s temperature, are right at the top of the list. They are easy to construct, and can be as simple as a tarp draped over a single line, or a more elaborate design using local materials.
It’s also a great way to get you up off the ground in areas where poisonous critters might be poking around at night. A small fire can be built in between the wall and the Lean To, which allows heat to be reflected back into the shelter.

This Debris shelter uses natural trees and debris that was already in the area to construct a quick and warm place to lie down for the night. I teach my friends and family to always be prepared when going on hike, if your not always prepared your never prepared. I’ve seen lost of survival techniques on how to build shelters in the woods, but some people are in desolate, arid climates with little vegitation. However, there are those times when you are just out for a day hike, and something goes wrong.
But if you are stuck in the winter, or during a rainstorm, you may have trouble getting something together that is dry enough to burn.
By piling rocks up on the other side of the fire you will direct the heat back into your sleeping space; just leave enough room above so that the smoke goes up instead of where you are trying to sleep. Foreign foods should be ingested in small amounts until your digestive system acclimates to the new meal source.
Alternatively, give the animal time to recover by capturing it when possible and killing it later. Extract the marrow from large bones and cook.A  The less cooked, the more nutritious it will be. As for the oven, dig a hole, line it with hot dry rocks (see caution above), then insert the food on a bed of green leaves.A  Now you can cover the hole to seal in the heat. After the gases escape, penetrate the skin completely but not so deep that you cut the intestines. Even well trained survival experts are susceptible to the fear of the unknown.In fact, it would worry me to hear that someone isna€™t a little scared of getting lost in the wilderness, as this shows a lack of respect for the potential consequences.
If you have a search party on call should you fail to reach your destination, the best option might be to find a clearing and start building distress signals. For instance, if you were camping on the Oregon coast, head west, on the Maine coast, east, etc.But if you dona€™t know where the nearest body of water is, look for signs of water, like clouds, birds and denser foliage. You get lost, injured, or something causes you to have to stay the night in the wilderness.
Fortunately, there are easy ways to get a fire going, and they don’t require carrying a lot.
In a survival situation, when slaughtering or dressing animals, always drain the blood into some form of container.
Knowing how to provide shelter and fire can mean the difference between life and death, so here are some key points to keep in mind while you explore our backyard. Generally speaking, it's the very small ones whose poison is deadly, not so much the larger ones. Now you need to open up the cavity and start cutting the intestines away from the belly of the animal. When preparing upland birds, such as grouse, pheasant, quail and partridge, skin or pluck the bird and soak in cold water for one to two hours to remove excess blood. Cut the windpipe (trachea) and cut away all the attachments of the heart and pull out the chest contents. Since water runs downhill (stay with us, wea€™re getting pretty scientific here) you have a better chance of finding it as you descend. Take a tarp, trash bag, or more other local cover and cover over the whole of one end with a small extension. When lost, getting your bearings is another major psychological comfort, even if you discover youa€™re still miles from civilization. At least you know where you are!And though you'll ideally have a basic survival kit, it is a good idea to get some training in primitive survival skills from schools like Primal-Knowledge.
Learning flint knapping, bow making, hunting, fishing and fire starting techniques, without man-made tools, can save your life. Always be sure to put it out, and try and cover over as much area on the roof that you can when you sleep.

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