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Author: admin, 05.07.2015. Category: How To Stop Ringing In Ears Home Remedies

Get today's news and top headlines for research animal facilities professionals - Sign up now! Australian researchers are trying a novel way to boost the power of cochlear implants: They used the technology to beam gene therapy into the ears of deaf animals and found the combination improved hearing.
The approach isn't ready for human testing, but it's part of growing research into ways to let users of cochlear implants experience richer, more normal sound. Normally, microscopic hair cells in a part of the inner ear called the cochlea detect vibrations and convert them to electrical impulses that the brain recognizes as sound.
Cochlear implants substitute for the missing hair cells, sending electrical impulses to directly activate auditory nerves in the brain. The idea behind the project: Perhaps a closer connection between the implant and the auditory nerves would improve hearing. Researchers at Australia's University of New South Wales figured out a new way to deliver one of those growth factors. They injected a growth factor-producing gene into the ears of deafened guinea pigs, animals commonly used as a model for human hearing. That made the membranes of nearby cells temporarily permeable, so the gene could slip inside.
The animals still needed a cochlear implant to detect sound — but those given the gene therapy had twice the improvement, they concluded.
Senior author Gary Housley estimated small studies in people could begin in two or three years. But Heller cautioned that it's an early first step, and it's not clear how long the extra improvement would last or if it really would spur richer sound. For the last 17 years, I've traveled to over 40 countries, and every continent, as an audiologist conducting presentations and training on audiology and hearing instruments for a major manufacturer. If you happened to be wandering the streets of ancient Rome in say 59 BC at dusk on a seaside resort you might be accosted by a slave inviting you to an imperial banquet.  All rich Romans were expected to be fabulous entertainers — the more extravagant their feasts, the more powerful they were perceived to be. On most evenings, hundreds of complete strangers — males and females of all social classes, although with a bias towards the well-dressed and the good-looking — would be lured to events in splendid, marble-floored villas, where they would be bombarded with food and wine to the accompaniment of flute music and erotic Asian dancers.
The dining room was one of the most important reception spaces of the residence and, as such, it included high-quality decorative fixtures, such as floor mosaics, wall paintings, and stucco reliefs, as well as portable luxury objects, such as sculpture artworks and furniture. Food was plentiful and almost sinfully gorged on by the Romans.  The festive consumption of food and drink was an important social ritual in the Roman world.


Legend has it that there were vomitoriums or vomitoria (such as pictured left) in ancient Rome, which were supposedly places where diners could go and void their stomachs during a meal to make room for more delicacies. While there was not a formal vomitorium located in one’s house for disgorging of dinner guests, if guests or the host felt gorged and required a tickle to create relief, the tickle was often not the throat, it was the ear canal. Hearing loss typically occurs as those hair cells are lost, whether from aging, exposure to loud noises or other factors. Those nerves' bush-like endings can regrow if exposed to nerve-nourishing proteins called neurotrophins.
Then they adapted an electrode from a cochlear implant to beam in a few stronger-than-normal electrical pulses. Those cells began producing the growth factor, which in turn stimulated regrowth of the nerve fibers — closing some of the space between the nerves and the cochlear implant, the team reported in the journal Science Translational Medicine.
He said other groups are exploring such approaches as drug coatings for implants; Heller's own research is aimed at re-growing hair cells. I've learned that audiologists the world over, while a diverse group, share the same goals and objectives for our patients.
Prostitutes of both sexes would be on offer in the back rooms, and there is no question that many all-night celebrations became drunken debauches. Like the Greeks, the Romans reclined on couches while banqueting, although in the Roman context respectable women were permitted to join men in reclining. The food and drink served were intended not only to satiate the guests but also to add an element of spectacle to the meal.
While highly successful, they don't restore hearing to normal, missing out on musical tone, for instance.
I invite guest articles on topics ranging from differences in training, expertise, and scope of practice from one country to another to interesting, debonair, or disgusting practices.
Yet the sort of indiscriminate multiple coupling we associate with Roman orgies was quite rare. This practice set the convivium apart from the Greek symposium, or male aristocratic drinking party, at which female attendees were restricted to entertainers such as flute-girls and dancers as well as courtesans.  In Roman culture a dining room typically held three broad couches, each of which seated three individuals, thus allowing for a total of nine guests. Public banquets, such as the civic feasts offered for all of the inhabitants of a city, often accommodated large numbers of diners.
Exotic produce, particularly meat from wild animals, birds, and fish, were favored at elite dinner parties because of their rarity, difficulty of procurement, and consequent high cost, which reflected the host’s affluence.


Rather a vomitorium (Right) was a passageway in an amphitheater or theater that opened into a tier of seats from below or behind. Stories of travel, clinical practice, research, training diversity and other topics are of particular interest.
In contrast, the dinner parties that took place in residences were more private affairs in which the host entertained a small group of family friends, business associates, and clients. Popular but costly fare included pheasant, thrush and other songbirds, raw oysters, lobster, shellfish, venison, wild boar, and peacock. The vomitoria of the Colosseum in Rome were so well designed that it’s said the immense venue, which seated at least 50,000, could fill in 15 minutes.
Couches were frequently made of wood, but there were also more opulent versions with fittings made of costly materials, such as ivory and bronze. The three couches of the triclinium are important because they allow for status suited seating. Even foods that were forbidden by sumptuary laws, such as fattened fowl and sow’s udders, were flagrantly consumed at the most exclusive feasts. In addition, elaborate recipes were invented—a surviving literary work, known as Apicius, is a late Roman compilation of cookery recipes.
That’s not to say the Romans were unfamiliar with throwing up, or that they never did so on purpose. This is commonly called the “consul’s seat.” The host would sit next to the guest of honor in the furthest seat from the front on the lectus imus.
These often required not only expensive ingredients and means of preparation but also elaborate, even dramatic, forms of presentation.
Slaves would be instructed as to each attending guest’s appointed seat, but some guests would push their way to a more favorable seat, though such an action might ensure that he would not be invited again. All guests reclined with their heads toward the middle of the room and their feet pointing back behind them toward the walls.



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