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Author: admin, 24.06.2015. Category: How To Stop Ringing In Ears Home Remedies

Diatomaceous earth – a naturally occurring, soft rock with an abrasive feel similar to pumice powder. Pearl powder – finely milled from freshwater pearls, which are rich in minerals and provide antibacterial, detoxification and skin-nourishing properties.
Pumice – a highly porous, very light stone created from lava, it is a more abrasive granular. To further deepen the benefits of these natural exfoliators and customize them to the client’s skin, you might consider blending them with one another, or with other formulas or exfoliating enzymes to create an active scrub. Blending scrubs with cleansers, enzymes and corrective serums enable you to further tailor it to your client’s skin and the treatment goals. Blend Gentle Jojoba Beads or the Bamboo Scrub with the Skin Brightening Cleanser to support any brightening program. For deeper brightening support, blend Gentle Jojoba Beads with the Skin Brightening Enzyme to soften and digest unwanted skin, and support a glowing complexion.
Buffed may also be mixed with the Naturale Mega Brightening Serum to deliver the natural brightening properties of daisy flower deeper into the skin. Try mixing Buffed with the Skin Refine Gel or Skin Smoothing Gel to soften pores, purify, and improve course texture.
Mandelic Arginine Serum to promote collagen production, and deliver skin-strengthening support from amino acids, antioxidants, and AHAs. Gentle Jojoba Beads may also be blended with the Cherry Jubilee Enzyme to polish and refresh the skin.
Buffed takes cleansing to the next level and effectively dissolves surface residue, and provides antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant support.
Clients may also be sent home with these blending recommendations for home care between treatments.
The truth is, a tremendous amount of misinformation surrounds these products and it’s imperative clients know and understand this. While there are certainly exceptions to this, your clients can count on the fact that you, a licensed aesthetician, have taken the time to go through the proper training to earn the right to consult them on their skin. Simple dialogue with your clients can help them understand the level of care you put into your product selections. Many professionals using Rhonda Allison products will highlight the use of cutting-edge science, quality ingredients, choices and customization for all skin types, and the longevity of the products. Finally, any product that is sold in mass on the internet, in a mainstream store or as an MLM, is going to have some restrictions on the level of active ingredients that may be used. Keep in mind, sometimes it takes them venturing out on their own to test those products and learn for themselves. Retail sales is one of the most profit-driven components of your business, and yet for many aestheticians it is the least. Inventory, organizing, and selling retail are big question marks for most skin care professionals.
In your inventory system notate when the product went on the shelf, and if it’s been there too long (well passed its expiration), pull it from the shelf. To preserve the life of your products, keep them out of direct sunlight or other direct lights. Now let’s talk about how to get your products in the hands of your clients without coming across as an overly aggressive salesperson.
When you do send clients home with products, be sure to talk to them, not only about the how, why, and when to use, but about the shelf life of their home care as well. With Rhonda Allison products specifically, it is common for colors to shift or separation to occur in many of our formulas.
Weather is warming, flowers are beginning to bloom, and bright colors have started to immerge again.
Many clients are steering away from invasive treatments and turning to aesthetic professionals to help them achieve the youthful results they are looking for.
While they may be used year-round, flower acids, like lotus and hibiscus, are favorites among clients this time of year. Flower acids can be used in tandem with numerous other pro-youth formulas, to create custom results. Organic Herbal Peel – for clients with oiler skin conditions, this is an ideal treatment as the Italian Herbal Peel balances excess oil production, while the Hibiscus Peel stimulates cellular turnover and healing.
White Lotus Peel – a beautiful treatment for brightening, exfoliation, eliminating bacteria, and delivering anti-inflammatory support. To enhance the results, some treatments may be used in combination with other advanced modalities like microdermabrasion.
This season, get clients in the springtime mood by making renew and re-youth the focus of your spa. This post will provide a look inside the Skin of Color Peel – a treatment designed specifically to support skin of color and decrease the risk of unwanted side effects such as post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Like the Skin of Color Facial, this specialized peel treatment provides a gentle, yet effective approach to addressing the hard-to-treat issues specifically associated with higher Fitzpatricks.
To help control the pigment and support overall brightening, this treatment begins with a cleanse using the Skin Brightening Cleanser. During the peel application the Mint Papaya Enzyme and unique H2O2 Emulsion will soften and digest cells, oxygenate the tissue while loosening surface-trapped debris and toxicity, and continue the brightening and pigmentation control.
Once this combination is removed, the Melanin Suppressant Solution makes a second appearance followed by the Mandelic Arginine Peel to further prevent the formation of damaging radicals. Our goal is to create a dialogue about how ancestry impacts the skin and mitigate concerns surrounding the various challenges and sensitivities associated with skin of any color. There is often trepidation when it comes to working with skin of varying ancestries in the treatment room for the simple fact that every skin comes with it’s own set of challenges and sensitivities. These were both designed specifically to support skin of color and the sensitivities such as, scarring and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), commonly associated with the skin. This highly targeted treatment addresses the hard-to-treat issues specifically associated with ethnic skin. With skin of color, PIH is a common issue, and thus it’s important to support the skin with skin-building ingredients as well as those that inhibit melanin production.
To soften cells and remove cellular buildup, the Derma Peel and Mint Papaya Enzyme are combined, creating a wonderful sensation and aroma clients love. Following the ChronoPeptide A and luscious Milk Mask, the Mandelic Arginine Peel makes a second appearance. To download the step-by-step protocol for Skin of Color Facial click here and for additional information on working with skin of color, see our previous post. Just two decades ago, working with skin of color was unknown territory – and that challenge intrigued me. Cell layers – Thickness and density of some ethnicities will require special attention to remove epidermal layers.
Inflammatory responses – Skins of color have heightened sensitivity to inflammation that may increase susceptibility to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Every ancestry has certain skin challenges specific to it, and this will significantly direct the type of treatment you perform. Black skin – sensitivity to PIH, keloid formation, and pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB). While every client will have different ingredients that work best with their skin type, there are a few intelligent ingredients that generally work with most skins and produce beautiful results. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) – an essential protein and powerful cell regenerator that supports cell renewal and wound repair. Mandelic acid – this is a safe go-to acid that universally may be used successfully on all skins of color. Daisy flower (bellis perennis) extract – a gentle, yet highly effective natural skin lightener that influences different pathways involved in melanin formation, counteracting age spots and balancing hyperpigmentation. Retinol – a vitamin A derivative that converts to retinoic acid and is a DNA regulator. Melanin suppressants – typically a combination of natural lightening ingredients such as kojic acid, L-arbutin, azelaic acid, L-ascorbic acid.
Thermus thermophilus ferment extract – a deep-sea microorganism used to fight free radicals. Zinc oxide – provides natural sun barrier, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and soothing, healing support. The next blog post will cover two new treatments we’ve created specifically for skin of color. Taking time to reflect and renew will enable you to start the new year off fully charged and inspired. Learn a new skill – why not set the goal to learn a new technique, modality or tool in the treatment room? Do or see something new – this may seem more about personal development, but it inevitably spills over to the professional life as well. Make time to do what you love – recharging your batteries is absolutely essential to being effective in your professional life. This time of year brings so many opportunities to offer clients some very special treatment.
The Unwrap & Glow is a progressive peel designed to deliver glowing, pro-youth results without the downtime.
The facial starts with two-step preparation using the Milk Plus Cleanser and the holiday Cherry Cleanser, which will polish the skin and envelop the senses in the tantalizing scent of ripe cherries.
To further support the brightening and illuminating properties of the step prior, the Hibiscus Peel will leave the skin radiant, hydrated and rejuvenated.
The treatment begins with the tantalizing Cherry Cleanser which provides a deep cleanse while simultaneously polishing the skin. To awaken the senses following the relaxing massage, whip together the Grape Seed Parfait Mask and Chocolate Antioxidant Mask. Wisp, Bliss, and Enlighten are the three popular shades for lighter Fitzpatrick skin tones. The mineral crème works well for normal to dry skin because it increases hydration without adding heaviness. For oily skins, the powder is best applied immediately following a daily moisturizer, and Daytime Defense or Sheer Tint Finisher. Not only does it form differently in different skins, it may also appear in varying degrees of severity. Regardless, it’s something numerous clients struggle with and may, at times, significantly impact the self esteem. It begins with understanding how scars form and why; then determining the type of scarring you are working with so that you may create a customized treatment. The potential for scarring occurs when the breakout penetrates the skin deeply, damaging the tissue beneath. When you know the level of scarring you are able to determine the best course of treatment. When addressing acne scarring, the ultimate goal is to remove surface cells to allow strengthening and corrective ingredients and oxygen to penetrate the skin.
Microdermabrasion – this is very effective in reducing scars as it removes cells of the stratum corneum allowing other corrective and nourishing ingredients to better penetrate the skin.
Microneedling – deeper microneedling procedures work well to remodel scar tissue, but caution must be exercised here. Depending on the client’s skin and severity of scarring, a peel may be combined with microdermabrasion. For clients on a program to correct scarring, be sure to integrate epidermal growth factors, peptides, hyaluronic acid, and essential fatty acids into their home care system. Starting with the type of scar, then taking into account the client’s specific skin type, and their overall goal will help shape the type of treatment to use.
When trying to deliver results for clients, it can be easy to overlook pre- and post-treatments, making the peel or resurfacing treatment the star of the show.
Pigmentation – for clients who may have pigmentation issues, higher Fitzpatricks, or if you are performing a deep peel, using a brightener or tyrosinase inhibitor will help suppress melanin, and may help eliminate post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), as well as brighten overall skin tone.
Acne – antibacterial support prior to treatment will not only help eliminate bacteria, but also the potential for excessive purging that occurs with acne skin. Acne scarring – depending on the build-up underneath skin, performing a pre-treatment will help enhance results, however a more aggressive approach is needed. Aging – the right pre-treatment can help stimulate collagen and elastin, and support healing. Sensitive skin – for sensitive, rosacea-prone or thinner skin, a pre-treatment will start the building process, help the epidermis layer loosen, increase energy, and provide anti-inflammatory and antibacterial support. As I mentioned, when performing peels, you are creating an injury to the skin that disrupts the protective barrier resulting in a wound. Pruritus (itching) – post peel itching is common for many skins, not just sensitive skins.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) – this is often caused by picking, so be sure to educate clients about the importance of not picking the skin that is peeling. Discomfort or pain – this will generally ease after the first 24 hours, however you can support clients with ingredients that will reduce inflammation and provide cooling, soothing relief. While there are other complications that may occur, ingredients that support healing, and provide anti-inflammatory and soothing support will be important components to any post-care system. Of course there are a variety of factors that come into play here – overall health, stress levels, sun exposure, medications, and the list goes on. One of our educators, Devin Romero, put it best when he said the pigmentation process resembles that of an assembly line.
First a trigger (such as UV exposure) sends a signal to melanocyte-stimulating hormones that the skin is in need of protection. After tyrosine is signaled, the melanocyte cell receives a message to produce pigmentation (melanin).
These melanosomes are then dispersed upward through the granular layer via dendrites to keratinocytes where they form melanin caps, which reduce DNA damage caused by UV exposure.
Common triggers that kick start this cycle include: the sun, inflammation, injury, hormonal changes, friction, medications, aggressive skin care products, an even acne (in the form of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). In healthy conditions, the pigmentation that is produced in response to potential damage will eventually diffuse or fade on its own, but in some cases a permanent discoloration can occur. Luckily there are a number of ingredients that help support the skin and control hyperpigmentation. Bellis perennis flower (daisy flower) – a gentle, natural brightener derived from daisies. Arbutin (L) – a natural plant-based derivative of hydroquinone (HQ) with tyrosinase abilities. Kojic acid – derived from Japanese mushrooms, it works to effectively inhibit melanin synthesis. Lactic acid (L) – this keratoyltic AHA has natural brightening abilities, works to smooth skin and improve texture.
Azelaic acid – a grain- and yeast-derived compound, it helps normalize disordered cell growth, provides antioxidant and anti-inflammatory support, and helps effectively treat acne-related post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Some products to turn to include, the Skin Brightening Cleanser, Brightening Scrub, Brightening Pigment Lotion, Mandelic Arginine Serum, ChronoPeptide A, Naturale Mega Brightening Serum, Skin Brightening Gel, and Daytime Defense SPF 30. In the last post, we covered some of the basics of setting up an Instagram account, and the ins and outs of etiquette on the platform.
Instagram is a tremendous platform for building your brand awareness and engaging your customers and loyal fans. In the last post, we covered some of the basics of setting up an Instagram account, and the ins and outs of etiquette on the platform. On Instagramall photos become square so keep that in mind when snapping photos, particularly if you are not taking a photo within the app.
Hashtags – using multiple hashtags allows you to reach a broader audience and gain new followers, however when used in excess they can make the post appear messy. Geotagging, whether at your business, or an off-property event, is another great way for people to find your account. Just as users can use hashtags and geotags to find you, you can do the same to connect with or find current and potential customers in your area. While you don’t have to follow everyone that follows your business, always take the time to interact via replies to comments, likes, etc. Whatever the reason, there are a few best practices you can implement to help grow your follower count and be sure you are keeping them engaged.
If you haven’t set up your account yet, you are in a great position to set a solid foundation to work from.
If using a hashtag for people to submit photos, always ask via a comment on the photo to make sure it’s ok for you to re-share it. Freezing peptides are also known as neurotransmitter peptides and the primary function is to inhibit acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction. Argireline (acetyl hexapeptide 8) – this peptide effects muscle contraction in the pre-synaptic membrane. Inyline (acetyl hexapeptide 30) – this is a fairly new peptide that specifically targets wrinkle expression through a post-synaptic approach, which means it blocks muscle-specific kinase. Dipeptide Diaminobutyroyl Benzylamide Diacetate – a small peptide that mimics the polypeptide found in the venom of the Temple Viper. With these freezing peptides, the message to contract becomes unclear, therefore the action of muscle contraction is weakened and the wrinkle is not formed. They can be found in our Eye Revitalizer, Amino Peptide Serum, Peptide 38, and RA for Men Mineral Freeze. We will start posting some of these questions on the blog, as they can help many of you no matter where you may be in your practice. Rhonda said: Perfection Clay has sulfur and it will really fire out the pebbly congestion as well as clean up the bacteria and balance oil. Anne said: Hyaluronic Serum attracts water moisture to the skin and both of your moisturizers focus on hydration.
Liz said: Your client can also pair Cucumber Spritz with the Hyaluronic Serum and that will really help to keep the moisture in the skin, and it is also very refreshing and gives skin a drink of water.
I have combined this device with blended enzymes before and, on some clients, gotten mild flaking afterward. Sharon said: I do a basic deep pore facial ($95, no devices) and a customized facial for $125 - $150. I’m curious as to which products would be the best ones to keep on hand for the clients who cannot afford the Minus 10 Collection kit? Description: In 1507, the copper plates used for the 1490 Rome edition of Ptolemya€™s Geographia were reprinted, together with six new maps, either by the printer Bernard Venetus de Vitalibus or the editor Evangelista Tosinus.
Although there had been maps created after these voyages, such as Juan de la Cosaa€™s map of the world in 1500 (based on Columbusa€™ second voyage, #305) and the Cantino world map (circa 1502, #306), these maps were not widely known in Europe outside of the professional circles of mariners and government officials for up to fifteen years.
The oldest printed maps showing America (as opposed to one-of-a-kind a€?manuscripta€? or hand-drawn maps) are the world maps of Giovanni Matteo Contarini (#308), the one produced by Martin WaldseemA?ller (#310) and this map by Ruysch. This map by Ruysch first appeared as an addition to the issue of Ptolemya€™s Geographia, originally published at Rome in 1507 and 1508, together with a commentary written by an Italian monk named Marcus Beneventanus, under the title of Orbis nouo descriptio. Excepting these excerpts, the Orbis nova descriptio of Marcus Beneventanus only contains an exhibition of learning, which is now quite worthless, but which was perhaps necessary, at that time, as an introduction for the new world to her older sisters: Asia, Europe, and Africa.
While Ruysch is believed by some historians to have been with John Cabot on his famous voyage of 1497, his map makes no direct mention of the Cabots. There are several advanced features of this map that are the work of a virtually unknown cartographer. With the exception of some small maps based on the cosmographical speculations of the ancients, and inserted in the works of Macrobius, Sacrobosco and others (#201), along with the Contarini and WaldseemA?ller maps (#308 and #310), it is one of the first printed maps representing Africa as a peninsula encompassed by the ocean (Note: the Chinese had been displaying Africa in this manner for over 100 years prior to this map, see #227 and #236). Ruyscha€™s map is the first map published in print on which India is drawn as a triangular peninsula projecting from the south coast of Asia and bordered on the north by the rivers Indus and Ganges. Zimpangu [Japan], which was shown prominently in mid-Pacific on the Contarini-Rosselli map is omitted completely by Ruysch. Ruysch has produced the first printed map on which the delineation of the interior and eastern parts of Asia is no longer based exclusively on the material collected by Marinus of Tyre and Ptolemy more than a millennium previously, but on more modern reports, especially those of Marco Polo. The exaggerated extension given by Ptolemy to the Mediterranean is much reduced here by Ruysch, from 62 to 53 degrees, the actual difference of longitude between Gibraltar and the western coast of Syria amounting to only 41 or 42 degrees. The map of Ruysch is the first map published in print that, following a correction made in the portolanos since the beginning of the 14th century, leaves out that excessive projection towards the east, which characterizes Ptolemya€™s map of the northern part of Scotland. In Northern Europe, the church Sancti Odulfi shown on Ruyscha€™s map, is not the church in VardA?, Finnmark, but the cathedral in Trondheim.
Ruysch drew his map as a planisphere on a modified equidistant conical projection with its apex at the North Pole which is another remarkable feature. With respect to the New World, the most notable innovation in Ruyscha€™s map is the representation of the western discoveries.
Directly south of Gruenlant the following inscription gives warning of the dangers encountered by fishermen in that region: It is said that those who came formerly in ships among these islands for fish and other food were so deceived by the demons that they could not go on land without danger.
Another interesting, but almost illegible, inscription near Gruenlant reads: Hic compassus navium non tenet nec naves quA¦ ferum tenent revertere valent.
The Ruysch map is instructive concerning the location of Greenland on late 15th century maps and those of the 16th century. Some of Ruyscha€™s inland Asian data was extrapolated from Poloa€™s description of his trip from Peking to Bengal, which he says he made as an emissary for Kublai Khan. As regards the continental regions south of Newfoundland, and discovered by the Spaniards and Portuguese, Ruysch was clearly of the opinion that they were entirely distinct from Newfoundland or the pseudo Asiatic country which he had visited and delineated; and that they constituted a new world, as yet imperfectly known, particularly regarding its west coast. Ruyscha€™s map positions a large island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean between latitude 37 and 40 degrees north. Both Japan and Antilia were described by the influential Italian humanist Paolo Toscanelli in his famous letter of 1474 to King Philip of Portugal, a copy of which Columbus read. This island of Antilia was discovered by the Portuguese, and now when it is sought it is not found. Later, not having been found in the Atlantic, the Seven Cities were sought on the American mainland, where they remained an elusive goal of riches-hungry Spanish explorers through much of the 16th century. While Ruysch undoubtedly believed that the lands seen by the Cabots and Corte-Reals were part of Asia, he thought that the coasts explored by Columbus, Vincente Pinzon, Cabral, and others belonged to a continent separated from Asia by a stretch of open sea. The unnamed northwestern continental land in Ruysch is also far less complete than we find it depicted in the Caveri map (#307); and it is certain, from its shape and position, that if Ruyscha€™s prototype had presented a coast line extending, for instance, so far south as 10 degrees north latitude, he would not have cut it off at ten degrees. Most of Ruyscha€™s Asian data comes from Poloa€™s description of his return to the West from China. From Zaiton they travelled a€?1500 milesa€? across a gulf to a country called Chamba, which is plotted here slightly inland as CIAMBA. On the margin of the map, near the North Pole, is another interesting inscription referring to the magnetic pole, which it is said was first located by the English friar Nicolas de Linna, who made a voyage to the north in 1355 and presented to Edward III of England an account of his discovery, with the title, Inventio fortunat. The basis of the entire Ruysch map, according to the historian Henry Harrisse, was a purely Lusitanian planisphere, similar to those of Cantino and Caveri (#306 and #307), but constructed after the former and before the latter; that is, between 1502 and 1504, as we have shown in a comparative description of the continental region which is north of Central America in Portuguese charts. There are in the section of the map delineating the New World, two very distinct parts, based upon data of similar origin, one of which, however, was modified in a most important respect. But as Ruysch had himself visited the northern part of Newfoundland on board an English vessel, and acquired from experience positive data concerning the situation of that peninsula, as he calls it: qui peninsulae Terra Noua uocatA¦, without having the same reasons as Gaspar Corte Real to place it in the middle of the Atlantic, within the Portuguese Line of Demarcation, Ruysch, following the charts used by his English companions, brought Newfoundland close to the western continent.
Terra Nova, one of the earliest uses of this term for the modern Newfoundland, appears as a large peninsula jutting out from the mainland of Asia, although on some copies of the map, because of wear or creases, it may appear to be depicted as an island. This is sometimes interpreted to be another element of British influence, as the variation of the compass orientation had been noted by Cabot on his second voyage. Meanwhile, it behooves us to show the Portuguese origin of his geographical data, south of what Ruysch names Terra Nova, which, with him, does not mean the New World, or the country newly discovered, but present-day Newfoundland exclusively; in imitation of the English mariners with whom he visited that island. To that effect, Harrisse compares the nomenclature of the region placed in Ruyscha€™s mappamundi, south of his Terra Nova, with the names inscribed on the northwestern continental land in the Cantino and Caveri maps, both of which are of the Lusitanian map tradition, with no admixture of foreign geographical elements whatever.
Ruysch inscribes thirty-six names on his map, but not one of them is to be found either in the de la Cosa map or in any other Spanish map whatever; while thirty-one out of its whole number are duly set forth either in the Cantino (#306), or Kunstmann No.
Ruyscha€™s delineations of the South American continent embrace likewise, the coasts of Venezuela and Honduras, which were discovered by Spanish navigators, who, of course, made maps of their discoveries. The configuration of the continental land that corresponds with the northwestern region of the Cantino map is distorted in that map, but perfectly recognizable on Ruyscha€™s. M Polo says that 1500 miles to the east of the port of Zaiton there is a very large island named Sipagu . In a fascinating example of how a geographic misunderstanding can assume a life of its own, Donald McGuirk has demonstrated how Ruyscha€™s hybrid Hispaniola-Japan was transformed into an atypical representation of Japan four years later by Bernard Sylvanus (#318). In Ruyscha€™s Caribbean there lies a strange triangular landmass, undefined on its western coast, in the position one would expect to find Cuba. This was one of the first printed maps to show any part of the New World and may also be one of the first to include information on that continent from first-hand knowledge. In the state that preceded a€?state onea€? there was a smaller island within this space and it was labeled CVBA. The southern coastline of Newfoundland continues directly west to the land of Gog and Magog, and thence south to Cathay.


Rather than forgetting Cuba, it is obvious that Ruysch deliberated at great length as to how Cuba should be represented. Below Antilia lies LE XI MIL VIRGINE [(Islands of) the Eleven Thousand Virgins], an early reference to the Virgin Islands named by Columbus for the story of St. On South Americaa€™s northern coast is the GOLFO DE PAREAS that Columbus believed lay at the foothills of Paradise.
Nearly blocking the entrance to Columbusa€™ fountainhead of Paradise, the Gulf of Paria, is CANIBALOS IN [Trinidad], introducing to maps the cannibalism which Columbus reported about the Carib islanders.
In this long inscription in the interior of Terra Sancte Crucis sive Mundus Novus here for the first time, Ruysch describes the inhabitants and natural products of the country following the letters of Vespucci and other sources.
Portuguese navigators have inspected this part of this land, and have sailed as far as the fiftieth degree of south latitude without seeing the southern limit of it.
As far as this Spanish navigators have come, and they have called this land, on account of its greatness, the New World. On the east coast of South America is the interesting name Abatia Aµniu sactoru, or All Saints Abbey.
Then, where did Ruysch pick up the egregious mistake that transformed A baia de todos Sanctos [All-Saints Bay] into Abatia omnium Sanctorum [AIl Saints Abbey]?
Thus far the Spanish sailors have come, and because of its magnitude they call it a new world, for indeed they have not seen the whole of it nor at this time have they explored beyond this limit. The Portuguese, of course, had also a€?come this far.a€? Their discovery of Brazil in 1500 was significant because it was rich in trade potential and because it clearly lay on their side of the papal demarcation line. The Ruysch map is classified by the historian Henry Harrisse as a Type III within the Lusitano-Germanic Group of new world maps (the only specimen that Harrisse places in this Type). While one of the more widely circulated of all the printed maps from this period, none have exercised so little influence over the cartography of the New World as this mappamundi. As mentioned above, Ruyscha€™s world map more usually appears in the 1508 printing of the Rome Ptolemy. It is evident, from what has already been said, that Ruysch deserves to be placed in the first rank among the reformers of cartography. Beans, George H., a€?The Ruysch World map in its earliest known state,a€? Imago Mundi V (1948), 72.
Swan, B., a€?The Ruysch Map of the World (1507-1508),a€? Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 45 (1951), 219-236. The oldest printed maps showing America (as opposed to one-of-a-kind a€?manuscripta€? or hand-drawn maps) are the world maps of Giovanni Matteo Contarini (#308), the one produced by Martin WaldseemA?ller (#310) and this map by Ruysch.A  While Contarinia€™s and WaldseemA?llera€™s maps, printed as individual sheets, have fallen victim to the ravages of time, and only a single copy of each is known to have survived, a number of copies of Ruyscha€™s map, which was printed as a plate in an atlas, are preserved today. None of our products should be taken internally,  Please keep all items away from children and animals. Sodium is also added to various food products in the form of monosodium glutamate, sodium nitrite, sodium saccharin, baking soda (sodium bicarbonate), and sodium benzoate among others.
The body requires sodium and a shortage of sodium will eventually affect your health adversely. The first rule in following a low sodium diet is to cut down on processed and snack foods such as pretzels, crackers, cured meats, and frozen dinners. We know and love scrubs for their exfoliating, softening, and deep-cleaning properties, but by blending them with other formulations, you can create customized scrubs designed to support client’s specific skin needs.
It starts with identifying the outcome you wish to achieve, understanding how ingredients synergize, and using a quality base scrub.
Primary forms of granules used in scrubs include pumice, jojoba beads, diatomaceous earth, pearl powder, and bamboo, and each works with skin differently.
They will naturally allow the oil to melt into the skin to further soften sebum and skin cells. The powder is derived from ground bamboo stems – it works for both facial and body scrubs. The Bamboo Scrub uses bamboo (of course) as well as pearl powder and jojoba esters to hydrate, replenish, and stimulate the skin while providing antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. On its own it will offer a great cleanse, but to deepen the cleanse blend Buffed with the Beta Green Tea Cleanser. The most important thing is to know the client’s skin and what will best produce the desired outcome, and always opt for natural, tried-and-true, quality ingredients.
Yes, these mass-marketed sensations that promise the world in a bottle, but really only deliver ho-hum results at best, and a mess to clean up at worse, have challenged skin care professionals since the beginning of the profession.
Chances are your clients have inquired about a Rodan and Fields, Arbonne, or Nerium product. For one, representatives who sell them are not required to undergo any professional skin care training. You understand what makes their skin unique and how different ingredients are either going to work in harmony with their skin or work against it. For instance, you might say something like, “I have researched and selected my retail products very carefully. As well as the fact that they were developed by a licensed aesthetician with a background in cosmeceuticals. Remember, fad buying and flavors of the month will always exist, and women will always have their eye out for the next thing that promises to turn back the hands of time.
Inevitably, they often do come back with a half empty jar of a product that cost several hundred dollars to show you the culprit behind an undesirable outcome.
The best place to start is by analyzing and detecting patterns in the types of clients you service. For instance, if you have an acne care home system, group a cleanser, corrective, and skin-building and protection formula together. Be sure the area is dust free as this will tend to make clients think the products have been sitting for a while and may not be fresh. This will come naturally following a treatment as you may recommend a home care system to enhance and maintain the desired results.
It has to do with the choice of natural ingredients used to elicit color or not using a lot of stabilizers, sometimes it is due to the actives themselves and how they begin to shift over time. With the right blend of flower and other rejuvenating acids, bright, healthy, smooth, and firm skin may be achieved without the down time that comes with invasive treatments. These non-irritating, yet powerful rejuvenators provide potent re-youth and brightening benefits, protect from free radicals, deliver hydration and antioxidant support.
The Maui Peel, Mandelic Arginine Peel, and Hibiscus Peel stimulate collagen production, hydrate, and reduces the appearance of fine line and wrinkles. The unique combination of rejuvenating flower and wine acids in the Lotus Peel, Apple Wine Peel, and the Vitamin A+ Peptide Peel works to brighten, tighten, and protect the skin from free-radical damage. Typically enzymes and acids used prior to a microdermabrasion treatment will aid in loosening the cells of the stratum corneum to complete the lifting process, and more effectively smooth and polish the skin. Remember to always use caution and assess the client’s skin before performing any advanced modalities, especially in tandem with other rejuvenating treatments. And where this is most common is in working with skins of varying ancestries simply because every skin comes with it’s own set of challenges and sensitivities. However, it’s also all the more reason to seek the proper training to overcome the fear.
To help skincare professionals understand how ancestry impacts the skin, and how to safely and effectively work with all skins to create optimum results. It will brighten and even the skin ton, smooth and soften rough texture, and improve acne conditions. This is followed by a combination of the Cell Conditioner and Melanin Suppressant Solution as a pre-peel to help prevent PIH, stimulate collagen production, and deliver anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial support. This will stimulate desquamation, smooth the skin, reduce fine lines and uneven pigmentation, and leave the skin absolutely radiant. But being adept in working with skin of any color is a tremendous asset – and that is why we decided to make 2016 the year of colour!
This post will cover some of the key components of the Skin of Colour Facial and why certain ingredients were selected. It offers a gentle, yet effective enzymatic exfoliation while infusing the skin with nourishing, corrective support. That is why this treatment begins with a nourishing cleanse using a combination of the Milk Plus and Melanin Suppressant Solution, followed by the Cell Conditioner. This time, however, it is layered with growth factors (via the Growth Factor Serum Plus), Daytime Defense SPF30, and Hydra Complex.
Progressive treatments and corrective facials are generally the best place to start, particularly if there is scarring or hyperpigmentation.
Derived from almonds, this antiseptic rejuvenating acid has lightening and restorative properties. It is a relatively safe, low-risk acid, as it is self-neutralizing and produces a drying and lifting effect. It assists in the synthesis of collagen, aids in the formation of blood vessels and encourages healthy cell formation. Look to the Rhonda Allison Melanin Suppressant Solution to brighten the skin, and provide antibacterial and antioxidant support, while minimizing PIH during the peel. While this truly is a personal journey for every individual, there are a few things you might consider incorporating that that can help you have a stand out year – personally and professionally. You might seek out educational webinars (the ASCP is a good resource for these), industry conferences like Face & Body or IECSC, continued education courses, or training sessions in your local area (often these are provided by product manufacturers). Your network can be large or small, but it will only be effective if you work to strengthening it. New experiences help us grow, widen our views, or even pick up new approaches to something.
And we know one thing that might help fulfill all of the above mentioned…the RA Symposium. Though the season is filled with merriment and joy, it’s also not without its stresses. It features the limited edition Cherry Cleanser, a triple pre-peel and the illuminating Hibiscus Peel.
Following the prep, a three-step process using the Cell Conditioner, Liquid Enzyme Peel and Melanin Suppressant Solution will start the rejuvenation process and pave the way for the Hibiscus Peel that follows.
It offers relaxation, soothing support, and hot and cold therapy sensations, and will leave the skin absolutely radiant.
During the glimmering enzyme polish step, the Liquid Enzyme Peel and Skin Brightening Enzyme will brighten the skin, soften and digest cells, and aid in the suppression of melanin.
Start with the Mandelic Arginine Peel gently massaged into the skin to start the gentle rejuvenation and cellular repair. As such, we wanted to provide some tips and best practices for color matching and application, so you can give your clients the gift of glowing, radiant skin this season.
We recommend inquiring about the client’s ancestry, as well as analyzing their pigment. Deciding whether the crème or the powder is right for your client is a matter of hydration level in the skin. It also creates a beautiful, vibrant glow when applied with our specialized brush in a circular motion while gently pressing. With proper shade selection and application, they will be hooked on the results and the benefits it provides. There may be depressed scars, also known as pits, or they may take the shape of raised scars known as hypertrophic.
For instance, those who have inflammatory acne (cyst and nodules) and particularly if they delay treatment, or if the individual picks or squeezes the acne, may experience scarring after the acne clears. However, aesthetic professionals also have a number of non-invasive tools at their disposal to help clients smooth the scarring.
Overall, modalities that work to smooth acne-scarred skin in the treatment room include peels, micro-needling, and microdermabrasion.
The peel is done after the microdermabrasion, for better absorption of the acid and deeper exfoliation.
Pre- and post-treatments absolutely impact results, however, and should be a part of every peel. This is an opportunity to create a truly custom treatment based on your client’s skin care needs and desired results.
Supporting the skin through the trauma will ensure proper healing and reduce the probability of complications. Hydrocortisone and willow herb, a natural cortisone, will help soothe and calm the skin during the peeling process. If clients are particularly prone to PIH, send them home with epidermal growth factors to support the healing and repair process. However, you must be able to read the client’s skin and take into account the type of treatment to customize a post-treatment plan specific to their needs. DNA damage to the skin cells, caused by UV exposure, hormonal changes, certain medications, and other health issues, result in the steady distribution of melanin. Since it is typically more stable and less sensitizing than HQ it’s a great alternative for those with sensitivities.
The goal is to maintain optimum health, or restore it to optimum health so it may properly control pigmentation.
In this post, I’ll go over best practices for hashtag usage, photos, and making yourself more discoverable. Some phones have a square photo setting, but if you need to do some post editing, there are free tools available for resizing the image. Start to build a relationship with them by liking their photos as a way to introduce your brand. If not, you may have at least been debating setting up an account for no other reason than to promote how amazing your business is. In this two-part series I’ll cover a best practices, tips for gaining more followers, and how to keep followers engaged. In other words, these peptides inhibit muscle contraction, which is beneficial when correcting the appearance of mimic wrinkles, which may become deeper over time. It is one of the several neurotransmitters in the automatic nervous system that aids muscle contraction. In other words it decreases excessive neurotransmitter release and overproduction of catechomlomines, which are derived from tyrosine. Using the example above, this would be like you covering your ears while someone is talking to you.
This is a tri-peptide that targets neuromuscular activity to smooth existing lines and wrinkles, and prevent future ones from appearing. I like mixing a little Milk Mask or spot treating with Perfection Clay and using Rosemary Basil Mask everywhere else.
She purchased, for the first time, Citrus Gel, Hyaluronic Serum and Ultra Hydration moisturizer. Sounds like your client is low in lipids or oil, so I recommend adding Grape Seed Hydrating Serum or Drops of Essence to her regimen.
I use a skin scrubber to remove enzymes and after that I do a Mandelic Arginine Peel then extractions, followed by a mask and a customize blend of serums.
Our Peptide 38, Hyaluronic Serum, Antioxidant Complex Serum, AGE-lesswould all be nice options, especially for anti aging. In addition to the new regional maps, this rare new map of the world by Johann Ruysch is sometimes found in advance of its normal appearance in the Ptolemy atlas the following year.
Only a few copies of these maps survive not simply because they were manuscript rather than printed maps, but also because they were often regarded as state secrets.
It is at any rate a remarkable fact that every time Beneventanus deigns to descend from his pedestal of learning, he communicates a fact of great importance to the history of geographical discovery. Johannes Ruysch was born around the year 1460 in Utrecht, which is now located in the Netherlands. Cape Race, which appeared on La Cosaa€™s map (#305) as Cavo de Ynglaterra, on Ruyscha€™s map is called C. Apart from the fact that Ruysch was from Utrecht and sojourned in Cologne, little is known of him. The southern point of Africa moreover is here placed on a nearly correct latitude, thus giving a tolerably exact form to that part of the world. Even though it has not yet received its full extension as a peninsula, yet an important deviation from Ptolemya€™s geography is thus made on the map to a part of the world to which almost a privilegium exclusivum of knowledge was attributed to the ancients. Various new names are here added in Scytia intra Imaum, such as Tartaria Magna and Wolha [Volga], and an immense, quite new territory, an Asia extra Ptolemaeum, or Asia Alarci Pauli Veneti, is added beyond the eastern limits of Ptolemya€™s oikumene [known world].
In its plane state the map appears as an opened fan with the curved, or southern edge, at the bottom. Ruysch depicts the North Polar regions with some geographical basis for the first time and it is believed that the famous Gerhard Mercator was influenced by the map when he prepared the circular inset of the Arctic on his great world map of 1569 (#407).
However, his map is also a mixture of tradition, new information, and misleading conjecture.
An inscription describing nearby islands warns that sailors who had gone to them had been tricked by demons. He labels the waters within the four islands as the Mare Sugenum, and speaks of a violent whirlpool that sucks the incoming waters down into the earth; in addition, his map shows a ring of small, very mountainous islands around the four islands, which numerous islands Ruysch says are uninhabited.
Ruysch judges Poloa€™s TOLMA[N], a region later reincarnated in the New World as part of the Northwest Coast, to lie just south of the realm of Gog and Magog.
This coast Ruysch could not admit to be connected in any manner with as he already depicts in detail the eastern Asiatic seaboards, from the point where they merge with his northern regions, to 39 degrees south latitude, which is the termination of the map.
In this island are people who speak the Spanish tongue, and who in the time of King Roderick are believed to have fled to this island from the barbarians who at that time invaded Spain. Near the island of Spagnola [Haiti] and south of the island of Antilia is an inscription that tells the story of that island as given on Behaima€™s globe (Book III, #258). Marco, Maffeo, and Niccolo Polo, long detained at the pleasure of Kublai Khan, were allowed to return to Europe when sent as the personal escorts of a bride for Arghun, khan of the Levant [Persia].
Ruysch designates its coast as SILVA ALOE [aloe forest] for the valuable plant which Polo said the king of Chamba offered as part of his annual tribute to the Kublai Khan. However, theses dates are obviously not correct given the notations on the map of the Portuguese discoveries of 1507.
On all other maps of the first half of the 16th century, even on the Cabot map of 1544, it is represented as a group of islands. More likely, however, the legend originated in a medieval treatise, the same from which Ruysch configured his Arctic region.
Harrisse establishes a similar comparison between Ruyscha€™s South America and the latter continent in all of the seven world charts, now known, which circulated in Europe when he constructed his mappamundi.
No such designation as the a€?Land of the Holy Crossa€? was ever adopted in Spain for Brazil, or written on any map by the Spanish pilots or geographers of that time.
Glaciato on the eastern coast suggests the work of the Italian editor and Baia de Rockas shows the influence of English associations. This island lies between 45A° and 55A° east of the coast of Asia, just above the Tropic of Cancer. But a€?Cubaa€? does not appear as such, and historians have long been puzzled by Ruyscha€™s apparent omission of the island. It has long been recognized that there were corrections to the plates of this map even before the earliest known example, state one - thus the importance of examining an early strike of the map, to better discern these changes. The vestige of DE CVBA is still discernable, as is part of the coastline of its original (insular?) geography.
The stippled lines which represent ocean spill well into the current landmass, both in the north and south. From the Biblical land of Gog and Magog the people of the Middle Ages expected the coming of destructive races at the last day. Near the island of Spagnola [Haiti] and south of the island of Antilia is an inscription that tells the story of that island as given on Behaima€™s globe (#258). It has long been recognized that there were corrections to the plates of this map even before the earliest known example, state one. In the state that preceded state one there was a smaller island within this space and it was labeled CVBA. After first choosing to represent it as a small island, he then changed his mind and used the outline of the a€?North Americana€? continental landmass on Portuguese manuscript charts akin to the Cantino map (#306), only in smaller dimensions, to represent Cuba on his map.
This a€?Land of the Holy Crossa€? also contains the term MUNDUS NOVUS, one of the first references to a a€?New Worlda€? on a printed map.
Columbus reached this fancy when attempting to explain the variation of the North Star, noted by him near the Gulf of Paria. It is interesting to note that on State I of the Ruysch map Canibali designated LA DOMINICA [the island of Dominica] instead, which was one of the islands Columbus said was inhabited by that reputably fierce race. This country, which is generally considered another continent, is inhabited in scattered settlements. Not in Spanish charts, certainly, but in a Lusitano-Germanic map, manipulated by a northern cartographer who had read the Latin version of the four voyages of Vespucci, printed at St. In 1507 the Pacific, still simply the a€?Orientala€? or a€?Chinaa€? Sea, had never been sighted from the American side and had only been cursorily approached from the Asian side. Therefore this map is left incomplete for the present, since we do not know in which direction it trends. There are, both in the Ruysch and Caveri (#307) maps, geographical representations and names showing that their prototypes differed in important respects from Cantino.
We have never seen its configurations reproduced anywhere; and it is only mentioned twice in the first half of the 16th century. The first of a series on geographical misconceptions,a€? The Map Collector 2 (March 1978), pp. All breaches of copyright will be pursued vigorously.The Law states that we have to offer our spell products as curiosity items only and can make no claims as to their effectiveness. People who have suffered moderate to severe heart failure are usually advised to limit their sodium intake to 2 thousand mg per day. Processed meats, such as bacon, sausage, and ham, and canned soups and vegetables all contain added sodium as do a wide variety of condiments and seasonings. Jojoba beads can be found in the Gentle Jojoba Beads, which provides an emulsifying, lathering cleanse while delivering pure oil hydration and eliminating pore build-up.
It has hydrating, replenishing and stimulating properties that boost the effects of brightening and cleansing ingredients. When acne, aging, dehydration, and hyperpigmentation occur for different reasons in different skin types, these products simply can’t be expected to live up to their promises. They have to make these less active so that anyone can simply open the package and start using it without any sort of guidance by a skin care professional. Skin care is an emotionally driven purchase – most want to look better, younger, fast. What are the common skin challenges they have and what are their expectations for their skin?
Too sparse of a display may convey these are the last few stragglers that couldn’t sell and too many of one item may seem like no one is buying it!
Or you might group by theme, such as all green tea-based products or a special summer skin care regimen together. But older product that has clearly outlived its shelf life, particularly if it is changed in appearance will just psychologically cause the client to feel as if there is a problem. We are in such a high-touch industry and clients want to see, touch, smell, and feel a product before they commit to buying. In other instances, you might offer a quick skin assessment then offer a customized system or educate clients on specific ingredients, what they do and why they may be effective for their particular skin.
The Melanin Suppressant Solution brighten, while Seam Gems and Omega 6 EFA support the rebuild of healthy, strong cells. Using them after will allow for lifting of cells that still adhere, prompting the enzyme or acid to work harder and enhance the rejuvenation. After all dexterity in the treatment room is ultimately what will help set your practice apart. Send clients home with care instructions and some skin-building formulas like the Hyaluronic Serum, MVC Serum, and Daytime Defense SPF30. This combination works to safely prep the skin, deliver antioxidant support, inhibit melanin production, and stimulate collagen activity. Following the enzymatic exfoliation, the Mandelic Arginine Peel will further prevent the formation of damaging radicals. Growth factors are essential to wound healing and the rebuilding process, and the Daytime Defense SPF30 will protect the beautiful work you just did.
Progressive peelings and corrective facials are best to start with, and use extreme caution with microdermabrasion.
We offer a number of webinars, seminars at conferences, our 90 Day Live series, and in 2016 we’re also introducing our RA Symposium.
You might even consider adding an area of specialization, such as working with men or skin of color or oncology patients.


You might consider traveling to a foreign destination, reading a book outside of your norm, shadowing another aesthetician who operates in a different area or who specializes in different modality than you, attending a different conference, the list goes on. That might be through meditation, yoga, being in nature, or simply reading a book – whatever it is that brings you bliss.
There will be plenty of opportunities for learning new skills, strengthening your network, and you will most certainly be a part of a new experience (not to mention being surrounded by breathtaking nature).
On top of it all, there is often a near endless list of parties and gatherings to attend over the course of the month. Using the flavors of the season, you can give your clients a bit of holiday decadence, and indulge the skin and the senses…without the calories. At this point the cold and hot therapy come in with chilled ice globes gently rolled over the skin, followed by a hot compress wrapped around the face and neck. Getting a clear picture of what influences their skin tone is key, as the pigments in the RA Illuma Colour will blend with the individual’s tone to create a true color match.
This process stimulates collagen production, however if too little or too much is produced, a scar will form. In most cases it will require creating a treatment plan, one that involves several treatments and proper home care in between. Note this requires very specific training and caution is advised when combining with acids. Before they begin a painting, they prime the canvas, and once they’ve finished they seal it to preserve their masterpiece.
Ingredient suggestions: bellis perennis flower, arbutin (L), kojic acid, and lactic acid (L).
I should note too, a peel should never be performed if you are not prepared to treat the complications of that peel. The proper pre- and post-care treatment will be essential to creating the best possible outcome and that will keep your clients coming back for more. These, as you may know, produce melanin – an action that occurs in the granular layer.
As excess melanin is produced, and dispersing of these pigments is interrupted, hyperpigmentation forms. Keep in mind, though Instagram allows Facebook sharing, currently it’s only to personal accounts.
This will ensure you keep your photo description short, clean and concise, while still benefitting from the search benefits that come with hashtags. If you can have someone else snap a photo of you and client, always opt for that over the selfie.
Since freezing peptides suppress acetylcholine, they produce a similar effect as Botox and other dermal fillers.
As one of our educators put it, this would be like you covering your mouth as you were speaking to someone else. To help answer these and get a dialogue going we created a group on Facebook – the Rhonda Allison Educational Forum.
It is not enumerated in the table of contents of the 1507 edition and it must be assumed that Ruyscha€™s drawing came into the engraver's hands late in the year, just in time to be engraved and inserted into some of the copies then printed. This situation changed drastically from 1506 to 1507 when three separate efforts to produce world maps were published.
This must be noted, as it constrains us to limit our interpretation of the geographical configurations and legends to the map itself. He thus incidentally informs us that the author of this map, which from a geographical point of view marks an epoch in cartography more distinctly than any other that has ever been published in print, had joined in a voyage from England to America.
Ruysch may therefore have drawn on first-hand knowledge in producing a map that is independent of the Contarini-Rosselli map of 1506, although there are a number of similar characteristics.
Ruysch also gives on his map a relatively correct place to the Insule ae Azores, Insula de Madera, Ins. The Indian peninsula on the Ruysch map now has significantly more names on both the west and east coasts than the Contarini-Rosselli map (#308) and, further east, Ruysch recognizes that the old Ptolemaic coastline can no longer apply. Here the Chinese river-system is given in a manner indicating other sources for the geography of eastern Asia, than Marco Poloa€™s written words.
The first cartographer who adopted Ruyscha€™s reduction, was the celebrated Gerard Mercator.
Some of the lettering is also unusual as it appears to have been made by a punch rather than the usual burin engraving tool. Inland from North America, into Ruyscha€™s a€?Asiaa€? proper, the influence of the medieval imagination is found in the dreaded realm of Gog and Magog from which the Antichrist would spring at Armageddon. South of TOLMA lies the mountainous country of TEBET [Tibet, but actually in present-day Sze-cha€™wan and YA?n-nan], which a€?is terribly devastated, for it was ravaged in a campaign by Mongu Khan . Here dwelt an archbishop with six other bishops, each one of whom had his own particular city.
Groves of trees yielding a black wood, which Polo said was used for making chessmen and pen-cases, are noted by Ruysch as SILVA EBANI [ebony forest]. Originally, the region was delineated nearly as we see it in Cantino, and in all the Lusitano-Germanic maps. The use of the name Insula Baccalauras on the coast of Terra Nova is one of the earliest instances of the appearance on any map of the American coast of that Romance word for codfish, baccallaos. The use of the letter a€?ka€? in this a€?Rocky Baya€? is one of the mapa€™s scant traces of the British flag under which Ruysch is believed to have sailed. Along the Asian coast facing this whirlpool arctic is IUDEI INCLUSI, where the lost tribes of Israel were thought to dwell.
This is shown by the fact that none of his designations for the Honduras, Venezuela, and Guyana coasts are to be found among the fifty names inserted along those sea-boards by Juan de la Cosa, who was one of the discoverers; nor even in the nomenclature of the Ribero map (#346) and other official quantity of cosmographers, who must have followed, in that respect, though it was twenty-five years later, the traditions of the Spanish school.
He depicts no island, whether named a€?Isabellaa€? or otherwise, between that northern continent and Hispaniola. Ruyscha€™s problem was that two of his prime sources of data a€” the recent Spanish expeditions, and Marco Polo a€” both located an island at that spot. In his scholarly work, The Continent of America, John Boyd Thacher made this comment regarding the Ruysch map; a€?The mystery of this map a€” and every early map boasted its mystery a€” is the absence of the island of Cuba from its place in the Caribbean Seaa€?.
It is astonishing to think that a map which was published only once, over a period of one or two years, had so many revisions (at least six).
Thus the importance of examining an early strike of the map, to better discern these changes. Whether this second configuration represents combined information from Columbusa€™ first two voyages, data gained from Amerigo Vespuccia€™s a€?firsta€™ voyage, an early description of the Yucatan, or some other source has been, and will continue to be, a matter of great debate. Another inherited tradition involving the a€?fairer sexa€? is found in the island of MATININA to the south. South America is mapped through the Gulf of Venezuela, with the Guahira Peninsula shown as an island (TAMARA QUA). Columbusa€™ association of Paria with Paradise was reinforced by the fact that there he encountered four rivers emptying into the gulf, corresponding to the number of rivers commonly believed to flow from Paradise.
While at Dominica on the Second Voyage, a colleague of Columbus wrote that a€?these islands are inhabited by Canabili, a wild, unconquered race which feeds on human flesh. The name a€?Americaa€? had been suggested only the previous year by WaldseemA?ller (#310), and it is possible that Ruysch had not heard of the suggestion when he made his map or for some reason he did not care to follow it.
Die in Lorraine, in May, 1507, and where we see Omnium sanctorum abbatiam, while all the Spanish maps properly inscribe, Baya de todos sanctos (Turin and Weimar charts).
Vincent of Vespuccia€™s third voyage (1501-02), hence the name of the mountains shown just inland by Ruysch.
The Asiatic coasts are different; the nomenclature presents also a number of names that are in one and not in the other two, and vice versa. The legends on this map are consequently of very high interest, and form a more important contribution to the history of geography than many a bulky volume.
Putting these figures in perspective, the typical adult daily sodium requirement is 5 hundred mg less than one-tenth of typical, uncontrolled sodium consumption. This amazing scrub, dissolves surface residue, and provides a deep cleanse and antioxidant support.
And they may have even come back to you with their tale between their legs after having dismal results.
The way around this is through education, realizing that it is a huge disservice to not offer home care products to your clients, and understanding a few fundamentals of an effective retail display.
This, of course, will allow you to determine which essential items, correctives and skin-nourishing products to keep on the shelf. Some of this will come through the treatment you just performed on their skin, but it is nice for them to be able to pick it up and try it. Ancestry plays a major role in how the skin will respond to certain topicals and treatments.
You can do this with a simple email, a quick phone call, a handwritten note, sharing their posts on social media, or even attending community or industry events and conferences.
Finish with the Cucumber Spritz, Peptide Primer and RA Illumi Colour Natural Mineral Crème to send clients off with hydrated, radiant, and glowing skin. In the week following the treatment, clients may also use a retinal like the ChronoPeptide A or Salicylic Serum to continue the gentle exfoliation and rebuilding.
The skin, much like a canvas, needs to be primed to stimulate the rejuvenation process and prepare the skin for what is to come. It is also ok to recommend Tylenol or Advil, if needed, and if there aren’t any allergies. This is a natural and necessary process as pigments give us skin color and also provide a unique defense system against UV radiation. Be sure clients are regularly exfoliating, boosting the skin’s strength with nutrient-rich and skin-building ingredients, and protecting it with a good mineral-based sun protection.
This wonderful community has become a place not only for Q&A, but also for collaboration and sharing amongst aesthetic professionals. An inscription on the map just off Taprobana refers to the voyages of the Portuguese to that area in the year 1507.
The Contarini-Rosselli map of 1506 (#308) and Martin WaldseemA?llera€™s map of the world and globe of 1507 (#310 and #311) were very influential, but not very widely published. Marcus adds nothing whatever as regards facts and data; instead, his treatise is less complete, considering that he fails to mention either Cuba or the continental land which the map exhibits between Newfoundland and South America.
Both maps are on fan-shaped conical projections, engraved on copper in typical Italian style, and select from a variety of Spanish, Portuguese, and earlier sources. In its main features the delineation of eastern Asia, to the south of latitude 60 degrees north, on the map of Ruysch, so nearly resembles Behaima€™s globe (#258), that a common original might have served for both. On his famous map ad usum Navigantium of 1569 (#406), he gives the Mediterranean Sea a length of 52 degrees. This suggests that the map was prepared for press in a hurry and the punch used as the quickest method of lettering the plate. Ruysch correctly draws Gruenlant [Greenland] as separate from Europe, not connected with Europe by a vast polar continent as some earlier maps indicate. Originally a Biblical saga, the story of these two malevolent creatures developed a rich mythology through medieval lore.
In like manner, there is a second peninsula above Norway that usually represents Greenland Island (G) on most maps of the period. Wherefore this island is called by many a€?seven cities.a€? This people lived most piously in the full enjoyment of all the riches of this time.
The historian Varnhagen maintained that it was the land seen by Vespucci on his disputed voyage of 1497.
This coast was called a€?Labradora€™s Landa€? as it was first sighted by the Portuguese, JoA?o Fernandes, the a€?llabradora€? or laborer, whom John Cabot had brought with him from the Azores, where he had gone the previous summer to recruit skilled seamen for his crew. This can be seen simply by comparing the eastern profile of the Terra del Rey de portugall (present-day Newfoundland) in Cantino and the King-Hamy (#307.1), with the profile of the Terra Nova of Ruysch, which is exactly the same region. There is no certain authority for the statement sometimes made that the term was first applied in the west by the Cabots nor for the assertion by Peter Martyr that the word was found by Europeans in use among the natives of Terra Nova.
In the Atlantic between Ireland and Greenland lies an island with an inscription stating that this island in the year of our Lord 1456 was totally consumed by fire.
But the Spaniards always, and justly, claimed to have discovered that country, as Pinzon had sighted and actually taken possession of the land situated by 8A° 19a€™ south latitude, three months before. For Columbus it was the island of Hispaniola [modern-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic]. Indeed, many scholars of early New World cartography have debated the meaning of this oversight on Ruyscha€™s part. Obviously the printers were taking great care to ensure that it was accurate and up to date. It can be surmised that Ruysch was confused by Columbusa€™ insistence that Cuba was the eastern tip of a continental Asian promontory; Columbus, on his second voyage (1493-94), went so far as to force his officers to make sworn statements that Cuba was such a peninsula, in effect the Aurea Chersonesus or Cattigara of Ptolemy. This outline continues within the current landmass except to the northwest, where it extends into the ocean as a faint but obvious serpentine line. No trace of Columbusa€™ fourth voyage (1502-03), in which he stumbled across Central America, is found on Ruyscha€™s map. Pierre Da€™Ailly had declared that there was a€?a fountain in the Terrestrial Paradise which waters the Garden of Delights and which flows out by four rivers,a€? and Columbus himself annotated his copy of the Imago Mundi with a€?Fons est in paradisoa€? [a fountain is in Paradise].
I would be right to call them anthropophagi.a€? That Ruysch, on the later states of his map.
We here obtain notices regarding exploring-voyages undertaken before 1508, of which no other information is met with in the history of geographical discovery. Vespucci said this cape lies eight degrees south of the equator (modern-day Recife), and that thence sailing southwest along the coast they encountered friendly Indians a€?gazing in wonder at us and at the great size of our ships.a€? Vespucci remarked that a few of the Indians, taken a€?to teach us their tongue,a€? volunteered to return to Portugal with them.
Because sodium retains water excessive sodium ions cause the body's blood volume to expand.
As a general guideline, have a few (usually three) of different groupings and categories when first getting started and build up as you know your client’s patterns and as your business expands. Layering it with the MVC Serum and Hydra Complex Serum, will deepen the nourishing and strengthening of the skin, and infuse it with essential hydration.
Following the peel or any resurfacing treatment, the skin needs to be rebuilt and brought back to optimal health with proper care. This enlarged map of the known world constructed from recent discoveries, engraved on copper, is one of the earliest printed maps showing the discoveries in the new world.
There is only one original copy of each map in existence today, and both of these copies were discovered in the 20th century.
It is even doubtful whether the Celestinian monk, or any of the parties engaged in the publication of the Ptolemy of 1507-1508, had any personal intercourse with Ruysch.
By this name he probably designates either the illegitimate son of Columbus, Ferdinand, who sojourned in Europe until his 19th year (1509), or rather the brother of Columbus, Bartholomew, who seems to have been an eminent cartographer. The African continent on the map is yet another cartographic advance as it breaks with the early tradition which held that there was a land-bridge between eastern African and the peninsula of Southeast Asia. Sri Lanka, under the name of Prilam, is also laid down by Ruysch with about its proper size, and correctly as regards the southern point of India. Both deviate from Fra Mauroa€™s map of the world (#249), which gives us a representation of these regions much inferior to both Behaim and Ruysch.
Ruyscha€™s map is also the first printed map on which, in conformity with the drawings on the portolanos, a tolerably correct direction is given to the northern coast of Africa, by attending to the considerable difference of latitude between the coastlines to the east and to the west of Syrtis, and by giving a proper form to that bay. So, it was in place long before Ruysch made his map, and to be true, no one knows from what saint it was named.
Instead of connected with Europe, he links Greenland with Asia through Newfoundland (Terra Nova). Gog and Magog were traditionally imprisoned behind the Caspian gates by Alexander the Great; belief in the menace was so great that the level-headed Roger Bacon hoped that the study of geography might predict when, and from what direction, their onslaught might come in the days of the Antichrist so as better to prepare to defend against them. Above this is Hyperborea Europa (H) which is a carryover from the Norveca Europa of the de Virga map of 1414 (#240) where it was presumed the Hyperboreans lived near the North Pole. Sailing seven hundred miles south-south-west from Chamba the traveler, says Polo, passes two uninhabited islands, Ruyscha€™s SODVR and CANDVR. Turning north, a€?they had,a€? says Peter Martyr, a€?in a manner continual daylight.a€? The action of the compass in those high latitudes might well cause the alarm expressed in the above inscriptions. By 1506 Portuguese fishermen were hauling so much cod from northern American waters that their monarch sought tariffs on its import. Here the compasses of the ships lose their power, and it is not possible for ships which have iron on board to return. It is tempting to suggest that this is an epitaph for the fabulous island of Brasil from Irish legend.
The other six originated in Portugal, and were delineated during the first few years of the 16th century. They consequently never accepted its Lusitanian name, and invariably called that region Tierra del Brasil.
Henry Harrisse, in his book, The Discovery of North America, states that as early as 1526 Franciscus Monachus criticized the Ruysch map for its depictions in the Caribbean Sea. Apparently much soul- searching was done in the choosing of its delineations, especially in regard to the New World.
Within this smaller island, and to the left of the name CORVEO are found the faint letters DE CV Under the small triangle preceding the name CORVEO is the letter B and under the following C the letter A is found. At the southern end of South America another inscription states that the Portuguese had sailed as far south as 50A° latitude without seeing the southern limit of the land, possibly also a reference to Vespuccia€™s third voyage.
If your client’s skin is especially dry, you may also use the Infuse 7 for deeper hydration.
By contrast, Johannes Ruyscha€™s 1508 map of the world was much more widely published and many copies were produced and still exist.
Otherwise we would certainly find in the elaborate description that Marcus Beneventanus gives of the transatlantic discoveries of the Spaniards and Portuguese, some statement or name that should have been omitted in the map. For there is an annotation on a copy of: Paesi nouvamente retrovaetc, Vicentia 1507, at the library Magliabechi, stating that Bartholomew, when visiting Rome in 1505, wrote, for a canon of the church of San Giovanni di Laterano, a narrative of the first voyage across the ocean, to which a map of the new discoveries was appended. It is thought (see the Beneventanus commentary below) that he accompanied John Cabot on his expedition to North America in 1497 and 1498, or, considering the prevalence of Portuguese names on his 1507 map, a Portuguese ship leaving from Bristol. Ruysch adopts the Portuguese name, Terra Sancte Crucis [Land of the Holy Cross] for South America instead of Tierra del Brazil, the name used by the Spaniards. It is also the first map that shows the Portuguese discoveries and landfalls along the southern and Cape coasts. Taprobana is placed further towards the East Indian peninsula, in which position this geographical remnant from the time of Alexander the Great was retained, down to the middle of the 16th century. Neither is it any reason for thinking that the island above Norway is meant to be Svalbard. In addition, he shows the northern polar regions as a basin with a number of islands, thus prompting the long-held hope for a Northwest passage from Europe to Asia. This threat was quite real to Columbus, who figured himself prominently into the events, believed by him to be close at hand, leading to the end of the world. Across the vertical ocean or Ginnungagap (GP) is a caption that cautions mariners not to rely upon compass bearings as the compass fails in this region. Among the Polean islands lying further to the south on Ruyscha€™s map is AGAMA, which like TOLMA would later be transposed to the New World as a region of the Northwest Coast.
The evidence that the landfall of the Cabots was Greenland and not Labrador is cited by Biggar.
There are forests, mountains and rivers: there is the greatest abundance of pearls and gold. So too much sodium makes your heart work harder forcing it to push more blood through constricted blood channels.
Make your meals from scratch; the more food is processed the more likelihood that sodium has been added. Great, original content, regular engagement and proper use of hashtags will gain plenty of followers in no time. The few personal details given by the commentator and by Thomas Aucuparius in the preface were most probably conveyed by a letter accompanying the map when it was sent in manuscript from Germany to Rome. His general accuracy in the eastern hemisphere is almost certainly due to contemporary information gained from Portuguese navigators and explorers. Ruysch seems to have had no doubt that Gruenlant was a part of Asia and not of Europe as usually represented on maps of this period.
In the gulf formed by North America and the ominous land of Gog and Magog lies the Spanish Main, the Caribbean, which in Ruyscha€™s mind was really the China Sea. Usually, maps had this caption southwest of Greenlanda€”thus one may be on good grounds for identifying the land here called Grvenlant as Labrador (L).
Mixing Polean, Portuguese, and Ptolemaic data, Ruysch charts a JAVA MAJOR and LAVA MINOR, Poloa€™s Java and Sumatra respectively.
Ruysch uses the term to designate the entire peninsula of North America, and names its most southeasterly point as C.
Cannibalism had, though, been reported independently by early mainland explorers, such as Vespucci, perhaps rendering the Trindad association more plausible in Ruyscha€™s mind. These are only some of the reasons that a low sodium diet is recommended for people with the following medical conditions: cirrhosis of the liver, congestive heart failure, diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), kidney disease, and others. According to the historian Henry Harrisse, if Ruysch had supervised the engraving in person, the probability is that the nomenclature would have been entirely in Latin, or according to its original Portuguese form, instead of being so frequently Italianized, as is seen in the pronoun a€?doa€?, everywhere written a€?dea€?, and in the words Terra secca, C. This may be a notice respecting the same map, that Marcus Beneventanus had seen with a€?Columbus Nepos,a€? and which appears to have been partly copied by Ruysch, whose map consequently may be regarded as a direct illustration of the ideas prevailing in the family of Columbus as to the distribution of the continents and oceans of the globe. Off the coast of Gruenlant is the location of an island that was totally consumed by fire in the year of our Lord, 1456. Since most historians have assumed this is simply another frivolous naminga€”we can understand the controversy over whether the Spanish navigator Fernandez (The Labrador) actually discovered Greenland or Labrador. He creates a a€?moderna€? Sri Lanka [PRILAM] from Portuguese sources but exiles the old TAPROBANA, the Sri Lanka or Ceylon of Ptolemy, to the east, giving it both the old and new names (TAPROBANA ALIAS ZOILON), and mistakenly notes the 1507 Portuguese landfall in Sri Lanka by it rather than by Prilam. Popularly it was also called La terra dagli Papaga [Parrotsa€™ Land], on account of those large and beautiful birds that Gaspar de Lemos brought to Portugal. Then it is more probable that this feature of the map is inspired by the Inventio Fortunatae, or from the fact that the old cartographers wanted the landmasses to be in balance. Glaciato and Capo formoso, which certainly indicate a translation of Portuguese names, made not by a German, but by an Italian, without being errors of the engraver. The one inscription to the left of India states that this sea, which on the Ptolemaic maps was represented as landlocked (#119), was shown by the Portuguese to be connected with the ocean. On the other hand, we know that several cartographers identified North American mainland as a€?Greenlanda€? so the label for Labrador on this map is not so unusual. De Fundabril on the peninsula extending toward Spagnola is suggestive of Cuba as that name was given by Columbus, on his second voyage, to a cape on the coast of Cuba which he left the on the 30th of April.
He is thought to be the a€?Fleming called Johna€?, a close friend of Raphael who at one point resided with him.
On Taprobane (alias Zoilon), which almost corresponds to the immense island currently called Sumatra, there is a long legend, partly borrowed from Ptolemy, but with the interesting addition that Portuguese mariners arrived there in 1507.
On the scroll upon the west coast of this unnamed land is the inscription: As far as this the ships of Ferdinand have come. South of JAVA MINOR [Sumatra] an inscription refers to an archipelago of precisely 7,448 islands reported by Polo, probably the Philippines but here suggesting Indonesia. BACCALAURAS [codfish island], testifying to that fisha€™s profound influence on early Atlantic exploration. Crvcis, but Cabo de Santa Maria de la Consolacion which is the name given to that cape by Pinzon on January 26, 1500, or Rostro Hermoso, as he also, if not de Lepe, named it. It has been suggested that he assisted and advised Raphael on his 1509-1510 Astronomia and other frescoes in the Stanza della segnatura. Another legend on the southeastern parts of Asia alludes to the existence of numerous islands in that part of the ocean, of which notices from Indian merchants seem to have already reached Europe. This term, in its sundry Romance variations, soon became a major place-name associated with North America. Not long after, Ruysch went to work at the Portuguese court as cartographer and astronomer, presumably by recommendation of Julius II who was a friend of Manuel I of Portugal.
This Portuguese influence may be due only to the fact that Portuguese charts, while kept in great secrecy, were more numerous than Spanish ones. This comment, as well as the rivera€™s latitude and its probable origin in the Corte-Real voyages, all suggest that this is the Gulf of St. The adjacent features also make sense in this interpretation; C GLACIATO (a reference to glacial waters) would be Newfound-land, C DE PORTOGESI would be Nova Scotia, and IN BACCALAURAS would be Cape Breton or Prince Edward Island. This Chinese Li was by the European cartographers confounded with the Italian mile (60 = 1 degree).



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