Middle ear infection and ear ringing quotes,how to get rid of buzzing sound in ear eclipse,drug induced tinnitus reversible,sudden hearing loss in one ear mayo clinic 403 b - How to DIY

Author: admin, 12.05.2015. Category: How To Stop Ringing In Ears Home Remedies

The common name for otitis media, this is an infection involving the middle ear (that cavity between the eardrum and the inner ear). Ear infections are most common in children because of the shortness of their eustachian tubes (the passage that connects the back of the nose to the middle ear), which makes it easier for bacteria to enter from the back of the throat. Some children (especially babies with ear infections within two months of birth) have recurrent ear infections. During a cold, the eustachian tube can swell and become blocked, allowing fluid to accumulate in the middle ear.
The usual cause of a middle ear infection is bacteria that are normally present in a child’s throat, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. Risk factors for the developing of an ear infection include being male, bottle-fed, Native American or Hispanic, and younger than two. Acute middle ear infection causes sudden, severe earache, deafness, ringing of the ear (tinnitus), sense of fullness in the ear, and fever.
Chronic middle ear infection is usually caused by repeated attacks of acute otitis media, with pus seeping from a perforation in the eardrum together with some degree of deafness. Middle ear infection can be detected by examining the ear with an instrument called an otoscope.

Acute middle ear infection usually clears up completely with antibiotic drugs, although sometimes there may be continual production of a sticky fluid in the middle ear known as “persistent middle ear infection.” A doctor may also remove pus and skin debris and prescribe antibiotic ear drops.
Since the mid-1980s, some strains of bacteria have developed resistance to amoxicillin and other antibiotics. Rarely, a middle ear infection can lead to bacterial MENINGITIS and MASTOIDITIS (a serious infection of the air cells behind the middle ear).
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They seem to run in families and are characterized by persistent fluid in the middle ear and short-term hearing loss. The fluid produced by the inflammation cannot drain off through the tube and instead collects in the middle ear, where it can allow bacteria and viruses drawn in from the back of the throat to breed. Other risk factors include living in crowded conditions, going to day care, having allergies, and inhaling household cigarette smoke. Complications include otitis externa (inflammation of the outer ear), damage to the bones in the middle ear, or a matted ball of skin debris which can erode the bone and cause further damage (called a “cholesteatoma”). A sample of discharge may be taken to identify the organism responsible for the infection, but it is not often done.

Some children may not improve after 10 days of antibiotics and may need three or four more weeks of drug treatment.
A warm towel or hot water bottle over the sore ear, or an ice pack wrapped in a towel, may ease pain. Warning signs of mastoiditis include: high fever, severe ear pain, pus-like drainage, and redness, swelling, and tenderness behind the ear.
While an ear infection is painful, it is not terribly serious; it is easily treated and there are not usually any long-term complications. Parents may notice a baby or young child suffering cold with thick discharge, irritability, pulling or tugging at the ear, crying in the middle of the night, shaking his head, and exhibiting poor appetite. Adults should not smoke around an infant, since the smoke irritates the lining of the nose and throat.

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