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China expressed strong dissatisfaction on Friday over a declaration issued by the Group of Seven industrialized nations that criticizes China, though not mentioning it by name, for its sovereignty claims in the South China Sea. She urged the G7 member states to honor their commitment to not take sides on the disputes. In the declaration, the G7 leaders expressed concerns over the situation in the region and called for "peaceful management and settlement of disputes".
The declaration called for maintaining "a rules-based maritime order in accordance with the principles of international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea". In the name of respect for freedom of navigation and overflight, the leaders of Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States said they are committed to "peaceful dispute settlement". The statement said that countries should make and clarify their claims based on international law, refraining from "unilateral actions" that could increase tensions and not using force or coercion in trying to drive their claims. Hua said China resolutely safeguards freedom of navigation and overflight, but the navigational freedom of commercial vessels is not the same as the willful trespassing by warships. She said China opposes the smear campaign by some countries in the name of "navigational freedom".
Lyu Yaodong, a researcher at the Institute of Japanese Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said Japan has been willfully internationalizing the South China Sea issue. It has pushed to include the issue in declarations of the G7 foreign ministers' meeting and the G7 leaders' summit. Motofumi Asai, former director of the China and Mongolia division of Japan's Foreign Ministry, said Japan has never played a positive, meaningful role in the G7. Asai criticized Japan for including the South China Sea and Korean Peninsula issues in the summit's declaration.
The former Japanese diplomat said the G7, with its declining influence, will be overshadowed by the G20. The G20 is a major forum for global economic and financial cooperation that brings together the world's major advanced and emerging economies, representing about 85 percent of global gross domestic product, 80 percent of world trade and two-thirds of the world's population. The G7 declaration stated that global economic recovery continues, but growth remains moderate and uneven.
The leaders said they will use "all policy tools" - monetary, fiscal and structural - to strengthen global demand and address supply constraints, while continuing efforts to put debt on a sustainable path. He, a PhD graduate in biochemistry, spoke at the centuries-old event on Thursday morning, representing graduate students. To win the opportunity to speak, He went through three rounds of fierce competition, including drafts and auditions.
His father, who didn't finish high school, was always strict with him and his younger brother about education. He graduated from the University of Science and Technology of China - one of China's top universities - with a bachelor's degree in 2009 and was accepted into Harvard's PhD program on full scholarship the same year. The ministry said the country was resolutely opposed to the US decision and would encourage its companies to legally defend their interests. The US International Trade Commission said on Thursday that it would investigate a complaint by Pittsburgh-based US Steel Corp, which claimed that Chinese steelmakers and distributors conspired to fix prices, stole trade secrets via computer hacking and misrepresented the origin of their exports to the US. In its complaint, US Steel Corp is seeking to bar nearly all imports from China's largest steelmakers. Trade remedy measures recently taken by the US constitute trade protectionism, and they will disrupt trade and not solve the US steel industry's problems, said a statement by the ministry's Trade Remedy and Investigation Bureau. It said current steel industry woes were global challenges and that a solution will require coordinated efforts by the countries concerned. Shen Yan, head of the legal affairs department at Shanghai-based Baosteel, said he was shocked and angered by the US move, which he said is against WTO rules. Sun Jin, director of the international publicity office of Wuhan Iron & Steel, said he was baffled by the US decision, because steel products involved in this case are products manufactured by Chinese companies for many years.
Meanwhile, the US government imposed on Wednesday anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties of up to 450 percent on exports of corrosion-resistant steel products from China. The European Union also launched an anti-subsidy investigation this month into imports of Chinese hot-rolled flat steel, the subject of an anti-dumping probe since February. Liu Zhenjiang, secretary-general of the Beijing-based China Iron and Steel Association, said the US recently has taken frequent trade remedy measures against foreign steel products without prudence, which will not help solve problems faced by US steel companies. Japanese animal lovers were mourning on Friday the death of the country's oldest elephant, Hanako, who passed away at age 69 after triggering protests over her captivity. Hanako, which means "Flower Child" in Japanese, became something of a cause celebre last year following an international campaign to improve the aging pachyderm's cramped living conditions.
The cause of death was not immediately known, zookeepers said, adding that an autopsy would be conducted later on Friday and the animal's body will be donated for medical research. According to Guinness World Records, the oldest known elephant was Lin Wang, an Asian elephant who died in 2003 at Taipei Zoo in Taiwan at age 86. Hanako died on Thursday after 20 zoo staff members using rope attempted to raise her to her feet, a common technique used when elephants remain lying on the floor, according to Mashima. Elephants die if they lie on their side for a prolonged period of time, since this can crush their internal organs, Mashima added. Hanako became a media star last year after a heart-wrenching blog post by a Canadian animal rights activist led to an online petition.
The post, along with a photo of a sad-looking Hanako, went viral as more than 400,000 people signed the "Help Hanako" petition. And those with two children are particularly concerned about how to deal with the siblings' relationship, according to the survey results released on Friday at the Annual Conference of the Chinese Society for the Study of Marriage and Family. The study, led by Mao in late 2015, collected 500 responses from 16 districts and counties in Beijing, surveying women ages 20 to 49. In 76 percent of those cases, "unprepared pregnancy" was the major reason for having an abortion. The survey found that the average age of women in Beijing during their second delivery is 33. The top concern of the mothers of two children is how to deal with the siblings' relationship, according to the survey.
Most families in China had only one child before the country eased its family planning policy on Jan 1. The hospital has opened a counseling clinic for people who want to have a second child, according to China News Service.
Wang suggested that parents pay enough attention to psychological changes in the first child to avoid tensions in the siblings' relationship. At the invitation of President Xi Jinping, Togolese President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbe will pay a state visit to China from May 29 to June 2, according to Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang. StoryDriven China, part of the ongoing Beijing International Fair for Trade in Services, is organized by the Frankfurt Academy with its Chinese partners to promote the idea of "storytelling and storyselling" in an all-media age. Beijing's Nanluoguxiang recently announced it would not receive group tourists due to limited capacity. The ancient hutong (alley) boasts many old residences, yet its main street is over-commercialized with shops and restaurants. China Puppet Art Theater will present its production Adventures of the Monkey King: Mischief in Heaven at the Multi-functional Theater of the National Center for the Performing Arts from May 31 to June 1, as part of its Children's Day celebration. But things are changing as more Chinese video products are available on the international market. With a total box office of 44 billion yuan ($6.9 billion) in 2015, China has become the second-largest film market in the world, following North America.
Additionally, more Chinese movies and TV dramas with diversified subjects and styles are being watched internationally. Speaking of the Chinese TV drama Shanshan Is Coming, Russian viewer Rutla, who only gave his first name and watched the entire series in a single day, called the drama amazing. The Journey of Flower, Empresses in the Palace, The Three Kingdoms and some other period dramas can be found on the internet with Russian subtitles. While a limited number of Chinese teleplays have become popular in the United States, Africa has the most fans of Chinese movies and teleplays. Chinese and Africans have similar values when it comes to family and love, and that resonance promotes the popularity of Chinese storylines in Africa, said Zhang Junqi, executive officer of the Kenyan branch of StarTimes Corp, a Beijing-based private company that runs a Chinese movie and TV drama channel in Kenya.
During the recent 69th Cannes Film Festival, the Chinese pavilion welcomed a record number of consultations from international film producers and market managers, who see the potential of the Chinese film industry.
At the festival, Roberto Stabile, an official from Italy's motion picture association, Anica, called for more coproductions between China's and Italy's film industries, saying the combination of Italy's creativity and China's technology can yield favorable results. Stabile underlined the importance of China's market, both for Italy's audio-visual sector and the "made-in-Italy" products.
However, he believed that there were challenges to entering the Chinese market, as it requires great patience and professionalism. International cooperation has been a mutually beneficial way for filmmakers and teleplay producers from China and abroad. Both Wolf Totem - the film coproduced by China and France - and Kung Fu Panda - coproduced by China and the United States - have been successful.
Stabile also wants to promote vintage Italian movies in China, saying he believed many Chinese film fans feel emotionally attached to some Italian masters of the past.
Liu Qibao, China's top publicity official, attended an unprecedented dialogue with Australian Sinologists in Sydney on Friday, aiming to push for more cross-cultural communication. In a speech delivered at the dialogue, Liu, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and head of the CPC Central Committee's Publicity Department, said Sino-Australian studies are gaining strength, with young Australian scholars joining the ranks in recent years. He said the Australian participants at the dialogue made good suggestions, for example that Australian journalists should go to China to learn more about its 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-20) and economy. About 10 distinguished Australian Sinologists and China studies experts attended Friday's event, which was led by Bob Carr, former Australian foreign minister and director of the Australia-China Relations Institute at the University of Technology Sydney.
Carr commissioned a poll last year of 1,000 Chinese business leaders in China on their views on Australia. Ninety-four percent of those polled viewed Australia as a favorable place to do business, he said, compared with 88 percent for the United States and 84 percent for the United Kingdom. Carr said that 83 percent rated economic relations with Australia as "extremely important" compared with 78 percent for the UK. Laurie Pearcey, a China scholar and executive director at the University of New South Wales, said the dialogue was an "important platform". Underscoring the latter aspect, the signings were witnessed by Liu Qibao, the Communist Party of China Central Committee's publicity chief, and Gary Quinlan, acting secretary of Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Six cooperative agreements were signed, involving Xinhua News Agency, China Daily, China Radio International, People's Daily website, Qingdao Publishing Group, the University of Technology Sydney, Fairfax Media, Sky News Australia, Global CAMG and Weldon International. In recent years, China-Australia media cooperation has borne fruitful results and played an important role in facilitating mutual understanding between the two countries. Kang Bing, deputy publisher of China Daily, and Allen Williams, managing director of Australian Publishing Media Fairfax, signed a framework agreement on cooperation and logistics on behalf of the two media groups.
Under the agreement, Fairfax Media's Sydney Morning Herald, The Age and Financial Review newspapers will issue an eight-page English-language edition of "China Watch" once a month starting in May. China Daily is forging the friendship with its Australian partner, he said, so that China's soft power will drive the wheel of friendship with Australia and New Zealand. Williams, on behalf of Fairfax Media, said China Watch publications would enrich the content of the media group's daily newspapers, and Australian readers will be interested in reading in-depth coverage of China and China-Australian ties. China Watch, a multilingual publication of China Daily, reaches more than 50 million readers from political and business circles through the circulation channels of newspapers in various countries. It appears with The Washington Post and Wall Street Journal in the United States, The Daily Telegraph in Britain, Le Figaro in France, Handelsblatt in Germany, The Nation in Thailand, Jakarta Post in Indonesia, and Uno and El Cronista in Argentina. China Watch plays an important role in explaining China to the world and ensuring that the country's voice is heard.
The three-year plan (2016-18), released early this month, makes a priority of building a "high-speed transit network, wide-ranging basic traffic network and highly efficient intercity urban traffic network" nationwide, the commission said in a statement. The NDRC has just approved the feasibility assessment report for a 43.13 billion yuan railway between Taiyuan, Shanxi province, and Jiaozuo, Henan province.
Policymakers have undertaken various measures, including ratcheting up investment - as in the infrastructure construction plan - to maintain stable economic growth.
As the 303 major infrastructure projects will all be undertaken in the same three-year period, they are expected to significantly stimulate economic growth.
The government encourages that the projects are financed through public-private partnerships, with businesses invited to participate.
The construction of a high-speed transit network will focus on improvement of the existing high-speed railway and highway networks, said Zheng Jian, deputy director of the NDRC's Basic Industries Department.
And the intercity urban traffic network construction will concentrate on the intercity railway network of three major city clusters: the cluster of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei province, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. China Watch is designed and edited in Beijing, but with the press of a button it will appear on a computer screen in Sydney to be printed and published in Fairfax newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne. Fairfax papers have been responsible for recording Australia's history since before Federation in 1901, when Australia became its own sovereign nation. The Age and Sydney Morning Herald have covered the good and the not so good side of Australia and its growth as a nation. As a young boy I used to deliver the papers on Sunday in a quiet residential suburb on what was then the fringes of Sydney.
Foreign Minister Wang Yi appealed to the group of seven most industrialized nations on Thursday to work with the G20 major economies to push Asia's economic growth forward. Wang said Japan's leader should allow the G7 summit to focus on the development issues of the nations concerned rather than "doing things that are none of his business".
He was speaking at a news conference in Beijing on the 100-day countdown to the G20 summit, which will be held in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, in September. Wang said he hoped the G7 - a forum for deliberating on the world economy - would concentrate on economic and financial issues of global concern instead of exacerbating regional tensions related to the South China Sea issue. He added that coordination between the G20 and G7 - whose members are included in the former - is welcomed. Whatever issues it discusses, the G7 should take an objective position instead of having double standards. Wang said that China, in line with international law, intends to negotiate with the countries concerned to solve disputes by peaceful means. The G7 leaders, saying that the slowdown in emerging markets increases the level of severity in the global economy, agreed to promote structural reforms for higher growth. The declaration to be issued by the leaders on Friday is expected to include the group's support for Abe's "three principles" of "rule of law at sea", according to Japan's Kyodo News agency. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said on Thursday the compulsory dispute settlement procedures of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea do not apply to the South China Sea issue, which is in essence a territorial dispute. China will not accept or recognize any unjust, invalid rulings on the South China Sea, Hua said. The Philippines has unilaterally initiated an arbitration case against China in the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague over their disputes in the South China Sea. Zhou Yongsheng, a professor of international relations at China Foreign Affairs University, said Japan is attempting to reach consensus among developed nations to contain China diplomatically. An investigation by the US securities watchdog into the accounting practices of New York-listed Alibaba Group could lead to global investors reevaluating Chinese internet stocks, according to an analyst. The share price of Alibaba Group fell by 6.8 percent, the biggest slump since January, on Wednesday after news broke of the investigation by the US Securities and Exchange Commission.
The regulator is looking at data reported from Alibaba's Singles 'Day promotion-China's biggest online shopping festival - the e-commerce giant disclosed in its annual report on Wednesday. It is also assessing how Alibaba consolidates results from affiliated companies, including Cainiao Network, its logistics partner. Alibaba said in a statement that the probe is routine and the company is providing documents and cooperating with the investigation, which should not be interpreted that the company has violated US federal law. Yin Sheng, an independent analyst who has followed China's internet industry for years, said the share prices of many Chinese internet companies do not fully reflect the uncertainties and risks they face.
He said overseas investors used to pay a high premium for Chinese internet companies due to high growth. Deutsche Bank analyst Alan Hellawell said he "would never be dismissive of an SEC inquiry".
The firm maintains its "buy" rating on Alibaba, but Hellawell said he is looking forward to more detail on the SEC's exchanges with the company when documents are made public by the regulator.
The fishing vessel, its deck heaving with people, tipped over after the migrants rushed to one side on seeing a rescue ship - an all too frequent mistake that has led to many disasters in the Mediterranean. The migrants, many of them men, and some already wearing life jackets as a precaution, were pictured as they clung to the boat's rails, to each other, or fell like stones into the sea.
Some are seen hanging on to the starboard side of the vessel by their fingertips as it rolls, while others try to balance on the edge.
Pictures taken seconds later show the churning waters around the boat full of people trying to get away from the overturned vessel, which begins to sink with four people perched on the upturned hull. The Navy said a patrol boat spotted "a boat in precarious conditions off the coast of Libya with numerous migrants aboard" but the fishing trawler overturned shortly afterward "due to overcrowding". Life rafts and jackets were thrown to those in the water, while another Navy ship in the area sent a helicopter and rescue boats.
The migrants had sounded the alarm by calling for help using a satellite phone about 33 kilometers off Libya.
It is not the first time a boat making the perilous journey across the Mediterranean has overturned because of sudden movement onboard when help is in sight.
In August, a Palestinian survivor of such a shipwreck described the moment the boat rolled as "like being flung from a catapult. Migrants scramble on a capsizing fishing vessel before a rescue operation by Italian Navy ships off the Libyan coast. The commitment came on Thursday during Indian President Pranab Mukherjee's first state visit to China. In a meeting with Mukherjee, President Xi Jinping said the two countries should make good use of various dialogues and mechanisms to enhance understanding and trust.
Disputes should be solved in a proper way, Xi said, stressing that mutual beneficial cooperation is the theme of the bilateral ties.
Sun Shihai, director of the Chinese Association for South Asian Studies, said Mukherjee's trip follows a visit to India by Xi in 2014 and seeks to convey the message that the two countries are ready to maintain the tempo of high-level interactions. Sun said that while China is concerned with improving ties between India and other countries, including the US and Japan, Mukherjee's visit shows India's efforts to strike a balance in its relations with these countries. At their meeting, Xi referred to his guest as a "seasoned statesman" and "an old friend of China". Fu Xiaoqiang, an expert on South Asian studies at the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, said Mukherjee has a very good understanding of China. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is likely to visit Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, to attend the G20 summit in September, which will be followed by the BRICS summit in the Indian city of Goa, which Xi will probably attend.
Mukherjee arrived in Beijing on Wednesday from Guangzhou after addressing a China-India business forum attended by leading Chinese and Indian businessmen.
He gave a speech at Peking University on Thursday morning and will leave for home on Friday.
Pranab Mukherjee, who is making his first visit to China as India's president, has visited the country previously indifferent official capacities.
Mukherjee, now 80, has a political career spanning nearly five decades since becoming a member of the upper house of the Indian Parliament in 1969.
Starting in 1980,Mukherjee alternately served as India's minister of mines and steel, minister of finance, minister of commerce and supply, deputy chairman of the planning commission and minister of commerce and industry.
Mukherjee visited China in 2006 as defense minister, 2008 as foreign minister and 2011 as finance minister. The Indian president, who took office in July 2012, was inspired by the late Chinese leader DengXiaoping and has quoted him frequently.
The policy used to limit many couples to having a single child, but now allows all couples to have a second.
Tong said two types of family have been the main groups seeking to adopt - couples unable to have their own children and those with a single child and wanting a second but could not have one because of the previous family planning policy.
A director at a child welfare institution in Shanxi province, surnamed Liu, said only five children from his institution were adopted by Chinese families last year. To make it easier for couples to adopt, the Ministry of Civil Affairs has been working on amending the Adoption Law since the family planning policy was changed in December. The National Bureau of Statistics will release data today on last month's industrial performance.
The fourth China Beijing International Fair for Trade in Services, which is also known as the Beijing Fair, will open tomorrow.
Celebrated skydiver Jeb Corliss will perform a stunt at the Huangyaguan Great Wall in Tianjin tomorrow.
Sunday marks the International Day of UN Peace keepers with "Honouring Our Heroes" as this year's theme.
The column is based on responses of common Chinese to the ongoing primaries in the United States, a process that is scheduled to culminate in a presidential vote on Nov 8. I recently asked a few acquaintances in Beijing and Shanghai, aged between 19 and 39, what they thought of presidential front-runners Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. At this point though, indications are that the 74-year-old incumbent senator - having made a strong pitch this cycle - will likely have to leave the race to fellow Democrat Clinton and her foe-in-chief, Trump, who is the presumptive Republican nominee.
Trump, also 69 (age-wise), is a wealthy businessman who once invested in beauty pageants, and has said many things since announcing his candidacy in June. He wants to build a wall along the Mexican border, deport many from his country, ban others, launch a trade war with China and take back jobs outsourced to countries like India. His utterances are rhetorical, mostly intended to fetch voter attention, a university student in Beijing told me. Huang Xianwen, another university student in the city, said Trump's ideas about global trade would hurt the US economy if he's elected and holds onto them.
Clinton, 68, is more appealing to the two young women and a third, accounting student Zhang Yunting, solely based on gender. While one told me she doesn't know enough about Clinton to comment on her China policy, another said she is skeptical.
Two students also described US President Barack Obama as "handsome" and an effective communicator on the world stage. But to others, like Shanghai-based Fudan University professor Fan Ruoen, a new person in the White House, far away from his country, wouldn't change his life. Post-script: Long ago when I tried to watch an episode of The Apprentice, the reality TV show that Trump used to host, I got bored fairly quickly. The New Technology Experimental Development Zone on the western outskirts of Beijing houses 894 enterprises, two years after development began. Since its establishment in 1988 as the first national innovation demonstration zone, the Zhongguancun Science and Technology Zone in Beijing has hosted more than 9,300 national-level high-tech enterprises. What began as an electronics products market is now a technology hub for independent innovation and emerging industries in China.
Known as China's Silicon Valley, it is home to the world's second-largest number of most valuable tech startups, according to the Zhongguancun Unicorn List released by the Great Wall Enterprise Institute.
The G20 summit in China later this year is expected to see blueprints mapped out for such goals as innovation-driven growth, structural reforms, guiding global trade and anti-corruption, Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on Thursday. Observers said the expected outcomes show China's increasing readiness to be part of global rule-making and to con-tribute to efforts to weather the sluggish global economy. At a news conference in Beijing, Wang unveiled 10 expected major outcomes of the summit, which will be held Sept 4 and 5 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. Among the imminent challenges to the global economy are the "waning effectiveness of stimulus financial and currency policies", differing policies among major economies and rising trade protection-ism, Wang said.
The top item on the expected summit outcome list is the drafting of a blue-print for innovation-driven growth, Wang said.
G20 working group meetings held earlier this month on innovation, new industrial revolution and the dig-ital economy "have seen consensus reached on the blueprint",Wang said.
Ding Yifan, a senior researcher at the State Council's Development Research Center, said that when it is no longer efficient to boost demand through public investment, the market cannot be expanded without limit. Pang Zhongying, dean of the School of International Relations at Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, Guangdong province, said China's growth in the near future will require a global landscape that is "corresponding, sufficient, lasting and stable". The G20 summit this year will establish a three-pronged approach to anti-corruption cooperation, including formulating principles to track down high-level fugitives, setting up a research center on fugitives and stolen assets, and drawing up a 2017-18 anti-corruption "action plan", Wang said. China must raise people's overall awareness of cybersecurity and strengthen research and development of core technology in the sector to better address mounting challenges, top Chinese network security experts said at a conference in Chengdu, Sichuan province, on Thursday.
The 13th China Cyberspace Security Annual Conference, hosted by the National Computer Network Emergency Response Technical Coordination Center of China, covered a range of cyberspace topics, including security threat intelligence, cybersecurity talent development, security vulnerabilities and mobile internet and data security. About 900 people from institutes, the government and domestic and foreign enterprises attended the three-day event, which started on Tuesday.
According to the 2015 China Internet Network Security Report, which the center issued during the conference, the center received 126,916 reports on network security incidents from home and abroad last year, an increase of 126 percent from 2014. The three main targets of cyberattacks in China are government departments, financial agencies and basic telecommunication enterprises, the report said.
Huang Chengqing, director of the center, said that the security capabilities of the cloud platform and big data in China will face big challenges this year. In the past year, the security protection level of China's basic telecommunication network improved, and so did its domain name system's ability to resist server attacks, the report said.
According to the report, the security condition of China's public internet is generally stable, and the security of the main telecommunication operators has improved. China's overall government debt ratio was about 41.5 per-cent in 2015, lower than the warning line of the EU, which is 60 percent, the ministry said. Unlike in some countries that have encountered debt crisis, China's local government debts are backed by high-quality assets, so their repayment is not considered to be a big problem. International rating agency Moody's said in a research note on Monday that the fiscal and economic conditions of China's local governments could improve this year fol-lowing the increasing tax revenues and land transfer incomes of local governments in the first quarter. Pennsylvania Lieutenant Governor Mike Stack (left) talks to an employee at Fuling Plastic USA, a subsidiary of Fuling Global, one of the largest plastic cutlery manufacturers in China, in Allentown, Pennsylvania, on Thursday, as Fuling Chairwoman Jiang Guilan and CEO Hu Xinfu (center) look on.
It isn't a party without utensils to cut the cake, but at Fuling Plastic USA, this takes on an entirely different meaning.
The plastics ware company used its own products to celebrate the second anniversary of Fuling's US facility on Thursday at its manufacturing plant in Allentown, Pennsylvania, joined by local officials and Lieutenant Governor Mike Stack. Fuling Global, one of the largest plastic utensil manufacturers in China and major supplier to US fast-food chains such as Subway, Burger King and Wendy's, constructed a plant in 2014 closer to its US customer base, where 93 percent of its global sales take place. Though it may seem counterintuitive for a manufacturing company to move from China to the US, Fuling saw an economic advantage in the expansion. The Allentown facility produces only plastic straws, though it will eventually make plastic food containers. According to Hu, producing lightweight products in the US saves the company money on shipping to US fast-food chains, the savings from which can be allocated to the increased labor costs at the US facility. Jiang Guilan, president of Fuling, noted that credibility and product quality have always been instrumental in growing the business. The Lehigh Valley Economic Development Corporation (LVEDC) met Fuling’s expansion with enthusiasm, according to LVEDC President and CEO Don Cunningham, who joined the celebration.
So far, the company said its US facility has produced enough straws to circle the globe twice over, with each of its 12 machines producing 500 straws per minute.

Thelma, one of the plant’s local employees, has been working with the company since October. The Allentown facility’s plant manager, Kevin Monahan, sees Fuling as having great potential in the US. Fuling Global’s IPO, which took place in November 2015, raised just more than $20 million for the company.
The Commerce Department on Wednesday also levied duties of 3 percent to 92 percent on corrosion-resistant steel from India, Italy, South Korea and Taiwan on Wednesday. It said that US regulators discriminated against Chinese suppliers by using incorrect standards for deciding what production cost and market prices should have been. The US actions are having a profound impact on steel prices in the US, according to John Packard, publisher of Steel Market Update, an industry news source. Packard said the issue of trade suits being used as a way of controlling the massive over-capacities of steel production has been spreading from the US to Europe, South America and elsewhere.
The ruling comes as tensions mount between Beijing and Washington amid a glut of steel in the global market due in part to the sharp fall of oil prices nearly two years ago that trimmed steel demand in energy-related projects. Last week the Commerce Department imposed duties of up to 522 percent in a separate action on Chinese cold-rolled flat steel, which is used for car bodies and appliances.
The US announcement on Wednesday clears the way for the first duties to be assigned on steel products since the US steel industry started filing cases a year ago.
The Chinese mainland's Taiwan affairs spokesman, Ma Xiaoguang, said on Wednesday that the island's new leader must, without any equivocation, clarify her stance on cross-Straits relations.
Ma, spokesman for the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, said at a regular news conference that Taiwan must clarify the issue.
In a speech after taking office on Friday, new leader Tsai Ing-wen was ambiguous, despite cross-Straits relations being of the utmost concern to people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits, Ma said.
Tsai did not explicitly recognize the 1992 Consensus, which says that both the mainland and Taiwan are parts of one China, and she offered no concrete proposal to ensure the peaceful and stable growth of cross-Straits relations, he said. The cross-Straits cooperation process will only continue when the island's new leader fully endorses the one China principle, Ma said. The mainland opposes all separatist activities advocating "Taiwan independence" in the name of "law amendments", he added. Meanwhile, the island's "economics minister", Lee Chih-kung, said on Wednesday that Taiwan's new government has no schedule for restarting trade talks with the mainland. Beijing has already condemned the Democratic Progressive Party's proposed "supervisory law", and critics in Taiwan said it could paralyze relations with the mainland. The bill requires government officials to get legislative consent before, during and after any talks with Beijing. Ma said directors of the departments of cross-Straits affairs on both sides have had five meetings since 2014, and interactions have included establishing a hotline. The mainland's Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits issued a statement after the new leader took office, saying that the association's determination to improve cross-Straits relations wouldn't change.
Her most popular novel, Baptism, depicting a group of intellectuals adjusting to a new society in the early 1950s, has been translated into French and English.
Her memoir Six Chapters from My Life "Downunder", on the daily lives of intellectuals during the "cultural revolution" (1966-76), has been translated into English, French, Russian and Japanese. Yang began learning Spanish in 1959 at age 48, and started to translate Don Quixote in 1962.
In that year, the Spanish king and queen visited China, and then-leader Deng Xiaoping gave the royal couple Yang's translation as a gift. She was married to Qian Zhongshu, a renowned scholar and author of the best-selling novel Fortress Besieged.
Yang's memoir about her family, The Three of Us, written after her husband and daughter died, in 1998 and 1997 respectively, was translated into German. It is the first case of a domestic manufacturer taking on the world's largest smartphone vendor.
Huawei said the dispute involves the fourth-generation wireless standard in the US, while in China it relates to 4G standards as well as other smartphone functions. Media reports said the company claims its South Korean counterpart has infringed on as many as 11 patents related to such technologies. Huawei, the world's third-largest smartphone maker, did not say how much it is seeking in compensation. The company said: "Huawei has every right to seek reasonable compensation from any firm that uses our technology without a license. Samsung China said the corporation would take appropriate action to defend its business interests. By the end of last year, Huawei had 50,377 authorized patents and had applied for 52,550 in China and 30,613 abroad, according the company's annual report.
Li made the remarks in a keynote speech delivered at the opening ceremony of the China Big Data Industry Summit in Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou province.
The summit was attended by leading Chinese and multinational companies, including computer maker Dell Inc and SAP, a German-based multinational corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations. Li said China is promoting another round of reform and opening-up while creating a nondiscriminatory business environment for all enterprises registered in the country, both domestic and foreign ones. The government controls 80 percent of data and information generated in China and will publicize more information, apart from that concerning areas such as national security and business secrets, the premier said. The platform enables 1.7 million drivers and 300,000 member logistics companies to locate their optimal partners to transport freight. Li said the platform has increased efficiency and reduced energy consumption - a good example of Guizhou moving quickly in this area since February as a national comprehensive pilot zone for big data. The premier told more than 1,000 participants at the ceremony that many people would be surprised to know that Guizhou is hosting a summit for high-tech industries, as the province is one of the least developed regions in western China. While talking with business leaders on the sidelines of the summit on Tuesday, Li said that he welcomed foreign investment in China, particularly in central and western regions.
He told them that there is a development disparity between eastern and inland regions, where there is great growth potential and plenty of investment opportunities.
He also pledged that China will focus on protection of intellectual property rights, the respect for and protection of trade secrets, and enhancing cybersecurity.
Huang Qunhui, director of the Institute of Industrial Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said China's big data and e-commerce industries need more participation by multinational companies and foreign investment to boost infrastructure and train professionals. Transparency and fair competition are keys to a market economy, in which all players can benefit, Huang added. President Xi Jinping used a field inspection trip to Heilongjiang province this week to spread the message about the central leadership's decision to revive China's northeastern industrial belt. He called for more action on economic reform and on environmentally friendly development in Heilongjiang and the northeast region.
The central leadership has issued a new plan to revitalize the economy in the northeast, which has long been hampered by a lack of reform and industrial upgrading.
The region, consisting of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning provinces and the eastern part of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, was an industrial bastion in the 1950s and 1960s. During his three-day tour, Xi traveled to Heilongjiang's forest areas, farming areas, the homes of ethnic minority groups, and technology companies in Harbin, the province's urban center. In Yichun, a city with 4 million hectares of forest that used to be known for its lumber trade, resident shave abandoned the industry since 2013. We read about their sumptuous lifestyles, latest loves and multimillion-dollar contracts in the celebrity pages and on gossip websites. But Jiang Yilei, 29, has become a star virtually overnight in China - not from being snared by a big film studio, but thanks to the internet and social networking sites. Jiang, widely known as Papi Jiang, previously was an unknown graduate student at the Central Academy of Drama. She has attracted some 13.1 million followers on the Chinese microblogging site Sina Weibo over the past few months. Trying to make a name for oneself on the internet, either in China or elsewhere, is not exactly new. Online celebrities in China have far more opportunities than their overseas counterparts because of the sheer scale and diversity of Chinese sites in their many manifestations, whether it be e-commerce, social media or something else.
When Chinese people used to think about online celebrity, by and large they pictured porcelain-faced young women, but now the idea has been stretched to take in any number of people who have a huge following on the internet, according to Da Shan, founder of Today's Online Celebrity, a WeChat public account devoted to analyzing China's online celebrity economy.
Today's Online Celebrity recently published a report about the potential commercial value of such celebrities, measured by number of followers, and the influence and business model of the platforms on which they are active. The most eye-catching group of online celebrities - who have a whole sales and production team for goods they hawk to online fans as part of their business model - are those closely connected with China's e-commerce companies, such as Alibaba's Taobao. In this case, you can forget the idea that a Little Miss Nobody working alone, crouched over an old computer in a shed in a village, is behind all this. The woman that is the face of the operation usually also deals with an incubator or agencies that connect her with manufacturers, suppliers and advertising agencies and guide her in maintaining, or if need be changing, her image so as to keep followers loyal, says Yang Ping, general manager of an incubator of online celebrities in Hangzhou. Fang Qihe, a blogger and Taobao shop owner in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, is one of those who puts on stylish garb, takes photos of herself and posts them online. In the apparel industry in China, online celebrities are responsible for sales worth 100 billion yuan a year, according to Guotai Junan Securities. Another large group of online celebrities consists of those who perform on live streaming sites. The Ministry of Culture says about 200 million people in China use online live streaming, and that at the busiest times 3,000 to 4,000 rooms are streaming simultaneously, with a combined viewership of between 2 million and 3 million. Others who are cashing in on online fame include many who do not show their face, but provide entertainment or information in the form of novels and other written content, astrological advice, cartoons or stock market analyses. The many ways online stars can cash in show that the online celebrity economy has begun to run in a more cohesive, organized and professional way, the emerging online celebrity incubators and agencies say. Moreover, as online celebrity becomes more mainstream, those who have gained fame in more conventional ways are increasingly turning to social media to keep in contact with their fans, and they, too, are beginning to develop online personalities.
More than 10 million viewers watched a live-streamed online games contest featuring musician, record producer, director and actor Jay Chou, who is famous throughout Asia, and controversial figure Wang Sicong, known for buying his dog two gold Apple Watches. Given the size, reach and pace of change in the industry, authorities overseeing it are struggling to keep up. The Ministry of Culture has ordered more than 12 live streaming sites to make changes to comply with regulations. The desire by online celebrities to milk their fame to the fullest may be because a cyberstar's shelf life seems to be relatively short. Yang Ping, general manager of a Hangzhou incubator, says that as competition between online celebrities heats up, the critical thing will continue to be the quality of content. Da says: "Online celebrities are usually highly attractive physically, but that's not enough. Even for Papi Jiang - as commenters note that "aesthetic fatigue" for her videos is starting to creep in - finding a workable business model and sustainable popularity will still remain a question, he says.
Sitting at a computer, turning on the camera and clicking on the microphone, 22-year-old Xia Keke smiles, chats, sings and sometimes stands up and dances inside a pink room filled with dolls. Born into a conventional, white-collar family in Jinan, Shandong province - her mother is a judge and her father an engineer - Xia says she has been learning singing and dancing since childhood. After high school, she became a flight attendant, but her hobby of playing online games made her want to do live broadcasts of such games. Xia says that she likes to project her own personality on live broadcasts, and she also makes fun of herself and cracks jokes, to get closer to her audience.
She says although many people think the career of a live online broadcast host must be very short, she disagrees and has just signed a four-year contract. Xia recently had to have surgery to treat a vocal cord tumor, and had to stop broadcasting for more than a month. A Tencent report of online celebrities says many incubators are now in operation, and the number is growing quickly.
Although no specific figures are available yet about how many incubators there are in China, Yang Ping, general manager of Hangzhou Online Celebrities E-Commerce Co, says growth of online celebrity incubators in the past few months has been explosive, and she can feel the competition getting fiercer. Yang set up the incubator in June and has signed six online celebrities, most of whom are young, attractive women.
Ruhan E-commerce Ltd, one of the biggest incubators, in July 2014 signed its first online celebrity - the model Zhang Dayi - and helped Zhang manage her first Taobao online shop. A report by Guotai Junan Securities shows that, among Ruhan's online celebrities, about 50 have online shops, and by the end of 2016 the number of shops will reach more than 100. Feng Min, founder of Ruhan, says three qualifications are needed for online celebrities: being a leader or specializing in one area, having the desire and passion to share with others, and knowing how to interact well with clients and followers. He says there are three primary services that incubators provide to celebrities: first, discovering, researching and cultivating people who have expertise in a certain area, and to help them showcase the best of their expertise and talent to make them famous, and help them stay that way.
Yang says before she started the incubator, she worked in the international clothing trade and in factories. She also is in contact with potential online celebrities overseas, and is trying to cultivate a crop from the US, Thailand, Japan and South Korea. The drought-tolerant crop could replace teff as an ingredient in injera, the traditional Ethiopian dish that is eaten daily in virtually every home. Test plantings of the millet in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Region - one of the nine ethnic regions of Ethiopia - have so far proved to be successful, the academy says. Peng Dajun, deputy general manager of CGCOC, which is a subsidiary of a large, state-owned Chinese enterprise, says foxtail millet has an annual output of more than 7 metric tons a hectare - about 5 tons more than teff. Several crops can be fermented to make injera, but he says dishes made using foxtail millet taste just like those including teff. Last year, Ethiopia was hit by its worst drought in decades, leaving 8.2 million people in need of emergency food aid, according to media reports. Peng says if foxtail millet had been planted widely in Ethiopia, the famine may have been avoided due to its strong drought tolerance. Zhao Zhihai, chief agronomist at the academy, says cooperation with CGCOC can be complementary.
Peng adds that CGCOC can mobilize more funds than research institutes and have a better understanding of government policies in Africa. The two partners have established a millet research center in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, where Peng aims to make a breakthrough in solving Africa's food security issues. Zhao adds that they are also working on new species and advising enterprises on how to build up a complete industry chain for the crops they develop. David Gann says developing smart cities in China is of great significance as rural to urban migration continues in the country. The professor of innovation and technology management at Imperial College London says the growth of new cities in China, coupled with the increasing density of population, requires Chinese cities to be "smart", such as making data more available, as in the Smart London plan.
David Gann says the growth of new cities in China, coupled with the increasing density of population, requires Chinese cities to be "smart". Given that urban dwellers can be more vulnerable to risks such as contagious diseases and severe pollution, Gann says the livability of densely packed cities requires good physical and data infrastructure. According to Gann, "the smart city is about using digital technology to harness data to improve the way in which the city is operating, but it could mean different things in different places". He says some of the things that London does can be a bit different from what cities in China do. Gann, the chairman of the Smart London board, says the concept of Smart London originally stemmed from the successful management of the London 2012 Summer Olympics, where a swath of data was used to support the delivery of the Games. London was able to provide support digitally for people's experience during the Games in 2012, and as a direct result the decision was taken to create a Smart London board and Gann was asked to be chairman by then-London mayor Boris Johnson. Gann thinks it was his expertise in digital technology, along with its application and use in business and government, plus Imperial College's top reputation in science and technology in Europe, that led to his selection for the job. To make the capital function better, Gann says London has put data utilization at its core to help the city manage its transport, social, economic and environmental systems. Thanks to contributions from a mix of academics, businesspeople and administrators, the Smart London plan was published in December 2013, to use the creative power of data and technology to improve the lives of Londoners, the experience of visitors, and the conditions for doing business. Since the birth of the plan, there have been huge improvements in some areas, says Gann, adding that one of the key contributors is the London Datastore, a data-sharing portal. A report published in March, entitled The Future of Smart, documented the board's progress in advising, developing and promoting the use of digital infrastructure and data in London.
Because the London Datastore has been such a powerful piece of infrastructure and is a web portal into information about how London operates, he believes it is liberating, and one of his strong recommendations for China is to make data open.
Also, because the use of scientists and the links between academics, business and government have worked well in London, Gann says China could benefit by encouraging more collaborative efforts from various parties, including researchers, the government and industry. China could do more with startup entrepreneurs, says Gann, who has lots of experience mentoring startups, supporting rapidly growing tech businesses and developing long-term strategic partnerships with multinational technology corporations.
Gann says companies like Huawei, which is also a member of the Smart London Board, can play an important role in helping develop smart cities in China.
He says he thinks there are plenty of avenues for Huawei to continue to develop in those areas but also probably in developing new services and understanding how infrastructure is used to optimize its use.
One of the challenges for Huawei, Gann says, is determining what sort of platform would really deliver in the long term. COVERED IN DULL OLIVE GREEN SYNTHETIC RAFFIA, BOUND BY GRAY STRINGS, the almost square book seems modestly unadorned. The book, made by the bookshop owner, Lyu Chonghua, designed by Li Jin and published by Guangxi Fine Arts Publishing House, won the Gold Medal in the Most Beautiful Book in the World competition in Leipzig, Germany, in February. The 200-square-meter shop, beside the gate of the academy, is jam packed with 20,000 books and other items related to the arts, gorgeous calligraphy model books, plaster statues and row upon row of neatly stored brushes. Li, 44, looks smart and elegant, wearing a dark cotton gown, her long black hair in a bun held together by a hairpin. She was a classmate of Lyu at the Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts, where the pair studied graphic design, more than 20 years ago. Publishers use it to protect books while they are being transported because such wrapping is cheap but durable.
Lyu dipped into his own savings to produce the book, spending more than 200,000 yuan ($30,600) on the first and second print runs of 7,500 copies, which quickly sold out after the book won the award in Leipzig, paving the way for a third printing, which is due out soon. His mother, Ma Xiulian, who founded the family book business, rejected his plans for what eventually became an award winner as a waste of money. In January 2010 at the Beijing Book Fair Lyu met Zhang Dong, then vice editor-in-chief of Guangxi Fine Arts Publishing House.
So he drew a caricature of himself as a signature in the bottom right corner of each order. On average, he drew three to four orders a day and over the next 10 years, before fax was largely supplanted by e-mail, he built up a stack of more than 10,000 orders. After returning to Xi'an from the Beijing Book Fair in 2010, Lyu started preparing the book. However, beyond that cheery optimism for the family business, Lyu is well acquainted with the tough times the book industry is going through and appreciates that in fact the family business may be much closer to its end than its beginning.
The family started the book business in 1982 soon after Ma Xiulian arrived in Xi'an with her two sons, Lyu and his older brother Lyu Qinbing, to be with her husband, Lyu Anwei, who was a lowly paid teacher of scenography at the Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts. At first they sold books about the arts, with their wares spread out on the ground, around universities, and business was brisk. In 1984 they sold 250 of the 5,000 sets of the first print of the Complete Collection of Shakespeare and 600 of the 4,900 copies of the first print of Sigmund Freud's A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis. The following year the family rented a shop of less than 20 square meters next to the Xi'an Conservatory of Music and later moved to its current location in Jixiangcun, where the poet Li Bai of the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907) is said to have once lived, and it expanded to the current size.
After leaving high school in 1991, Lyu joined in running the business and in 1996, after he graduated from the Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts, Li, by then 25, decided to take over the business from his father.
With its intimate acquaintance with the arts the family has the kind of credentials that make it a natural for running the business they have, Lyu's father and his wife Liang Bing both having studied oil painting, and Lyu himself having studied graphic design.
The annual rent is 450,000 yuan, which means the shop needs takings of more than 1,200 yuan a day just to pay the rent. As with many other bookshops in China, Fangyuan started to feel the pinch when e-commerce began to take off in the country, but the most immediate cause for the Xi'an store's woes comes down to bricks and mortar rather than the ether of cyberspace. There is no doubt, either, that e-books have eaten into the profits of those who sell printed books. You can look at pictures of any place on Earth on your computer, he says, but that is totally different to seeing the world for yourself.
In late June 2010 Shaanxi Library hosted an exhibition called The Most Beautiful Books from Germany. Li, teaching book design at the university, took a ruler, a notebook and a pen to study the books. Later in summer, after Ma left home to visit her mother, she needed to return home to look after her oldest son, who was ill. The shop had had 10,000 orders, many of them similar, and including all would have made the book tedious, so they picked more than 2,000 and put the most representative ones in the main part of the book and the others were made into four flip books on the left side. In order to include more material, those Li believes are minor stories, they printed more private information on the left-hand pages that are closed at the front by the fold.
They used relatively thin paper so that the content on the left-hand pages appears on the front, like hazy memories.
The Leipzig judges said the printed left-hand pages "serve up the additional content like an unopened fruit. The extraordinary exploits of adventurer William Mesny are recounted in a new biography that fizzes with lively characters and provides a valuable insight into life during the last decades of the Qing Dynasty. One morning in 1998, David Leffman awoke to find himself with a desert-dry throat, a thumping hangover and a notebook littered with jottings about an uprising in the 1860s that resulted in the deaths of 3 million people. Although the hangover eventually subsided, the scribbled notes Leffman had taken during a three-day "Sisters Meal", courtesy of the Miao ethnic group in the southwestern province of Guizhou, were so intriguing he couldn't get them out of his mind.
That weekend signaled the start of a 15-year obsession with William Mesny, a British adventurer who arrived in China as a penniless sailor in 1860 and rose to the rank of general in the Imperial Army of the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911), before dying as he had arrived, almost broke, in Shanghai in 1919. The upshot of that decade and a half of travel and research is Leffman's recently published biography of Mesny, The Mercenary Mandarin: How a British Adventurer Became a General in Qing-Dynasty China, a story packed with stirring tales of derring-do and larger-than-life characters, deftly interwoven with the events that drove the times. Mesny, a native of Jersey in the Channel Islands, led a full and dangerous life in China, plying many trades - gunrunner, jailer, newspaper columnist, government official, soldier, artillery expert, bridge designer, author and historian, to name just a few - before donning his general's uniform.
He spoke fluent Chinese, advocated the modernization of all areas of society and, unusually for a Westerner at the time, had several close Chinese friends and seems to have been genuinely untainted by notions of superiority. Indeed, both Mesny and his brother John, an officer in the Chinese customs, married Chinese women - William twice, at different times, of course - and raised families with them. His life and travels were so remarkable, and well-publicized at the time, that it's surprising to learn that The Mercenary Mandarin is the first full biography of Mesny, although Leffman expresses great admiration for Keith Stevens' 100-page A Jersey Adventurer in China, published by the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society in 1992. In Leffman's hands, Mesny emerges as a Zelig-like character; someone who was always - at least in his own accounts of events - in the thick of the action, whenever and wherever it occurred. On the positive side he was ingenious, industrious, generous, resourceful, courageous and honest. Sadly for Mesny, those attributes were often overshadowed by less admirable qualities, such as impulsiveness, a desire to stand on his dignity and an almost childlike naivety. The first official reference to Mesny comes in 1860 in an Australian newspaper report relating how the 18-year-old sailor was fined for an unprovoked attack that left the bosun of his ship nursing several bruised ribs. That first visit, made as the country moved forward with the reform and opening-up policy, was hard work because Leffman spoke no Chinese and only had a vague plan of action. Following his brother's arrival in Beijing, the two set out to visit the capital's major tourist sites. The brothers' constant presence obviously perplexed Michael, who paid Leffman "a huge compliment by complaining loudly to his entourage of photographers that I didn't look like a Wham fan".
A few years later, as a fledgling author for the Rough Guides travel series, he used his photojournalism experience in China to successfully lobby the editors to send him to write about the southwest of the country. In addition to China, Leffman, who lived in Queensland for 20 years and holds dual British-Australian nationality, has written guidebooks about many countries and regions, including Iceland, Australia, Indonesia, Hong Kong and Macao, and has even ghosted a cookbook for a Chinese author.
He estimates that he has visited China more than 15 times since that first trip, often in the company of his wife, and spending about three years in total, traveling, observing, learning and writing about a country that has fascinated him during the 30 years since he and I first met. Usually, each visit lasted six months, occasionally broken into two blocks, but the longest was nine months.
To ensure that they would be able to communicate with their interviewees, Leffman and his wife signed up for intensive Chinese courses; first at London University's School of Oriental and African Studies and later at Sichuan University in Chengdu.
Although it took many years to research and recount Mesny's life, including retracing his steps as far as possible to visit cities, battlefields and other places of interest, Leffman rarely felt overwhelmed or despaired that he might not finish writing The Mercenary Mandarin. That affection for Guizhou, and indeed most things Chinese, is highlighted in The Mercenary Mandarin by the use of Mesny's own words, culled from thousands of items, including newspaper reports and articles, published collectively as Mesny's Chinese Miscellany. At four volumes and running to a mammoth 2,000 pages and about 1 million words, the Miscellany contains Mesny's thoughts on just about anything and everything connected with life in China: politics, food, social mores, ailments and treatments, the standing of the army, the price of rice and, increasingly, his own perilous financial situation. Everything, it seems, was grist to his mill, and although Mesny rewrote previously published articles to bring his own role to the fore, the collection remains a valuable and fascinating window into life in China during the last decades of the Qing Dynasty. His own odyssey allowed Leffman to retrace Mesny's seemingly endless treks, visiting the places he fought or lived, and interviewing direct descendents of many of his friends and colleagues. He also set great store in the Miscellany as a source of information about his subject's opinions of the people and events he encountered during nearly 60 years in the country. As Leffman points out in the introduction to The Mercenary Mandarin, the Miscellany, written in the flowery English of the time, is an extraordinary piece of work, given that Mesny left school at age 8 and his English was initially poor.
The "Slash Generation" are leading double lives as they experience the thrill of different identities.
At their normal workplace they are, say, a teacher from 9 to 5, from 6 to 7 they may be an online flower arranger and from 8 to 10 they could be a film reviewer. But it is important to note that money or monetary rewards, for the "Slash Generation" or the "Slashes", are not their driving force. Alboher pointed out that "slashing has also taken hold overseas" and some living on the other side of the planet are discovering how punctuated careers can integrate and satisfy multiple passions, talents and interests that a single career may be unable to match. Six jobs don't bother him, Cheng told China Daily, as they are "interconnected" by facilitating people-to-people exchanges between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland. In a maker-space in Beijing, Cheng worked as a project manager to help Taiwan entrepreneurs through consulting and financial investment. But there are only so many hours in a day and living a full professional life can have consequences in the private sphere. Upon graduating from the University of the Arts, London, in 2011, Kang became a user interface designer of a government website in 2013 and a tutor in an art education training center that year. Adding a slash to his career by necessity, not by choice, Kang said doing only what he likes does not pay the bills in a major city like Beijing. Art and design may seem as if they are from the same stable but actually they are incompatible with each other, Kang said. Kang is confident that he will make the breakthrough in the visual arts, but he is also aware that his company may demand that he becomes "slashless" to give them more of his energy. Liu Xuezhi, vice-president of the Chinese Academy of Personnel Science said that the Slash Generation could set a trend as the Internet had made it possible for people to satisfy their creative yearnings. From the employment perspective, Liu said of course there are companies looking for full-time specialists to focus on only one area, but there are also a number of bosses who want to hire members of the Slash Generation both for their creativity and because it can help "slash" costs. Students at Shanghai's Jinshajiang Road Primary School hone their skills, especially dribbling, tackling and shooting, every day in intense workouts after school under the guidance of Spanish coach Jose Luis Iglesias. A rapidly developing tactical awareness is evident, as players get into position and run off the ball.
Ray Sports is rolling out a program in cooperation with Shanghai's municipal education authority to help improve the city's junior soccer training program with European expertise offered by 10 foreign coaches it hired, including the 24-year-old Iglesias.

Having adapted to life in Shanghai, Iglesias now trains students from grade one to five for two and a half hours after school from Monday to Friday, while coaching the school team at regional tournaments on weekends.
As China aims to develop into a soccer power, highlighted in a long-term plan announced earlier last month, an increasing number of youth promotion programs and junior camps, featuring foreign coaches, have been organized by governmental departments, social organizations and private companies. Inspired by President Xi Jinping, an avid soccer fan, the government approved a national plan in March aimed at transforming the country into a dominant soccer power in Asia by 2030 and a leading world competitor two decades later. One of the keystones of the plan is to encourage more children to participate in the game in a joint effort of cooperation between the Chinese Football Association and the Ministry of Education.
Wang Dengfeng, director of the ministry's PE, health and art department, envisions a surge in student interest in the game as well as the training programs.
In accordance with the national outline, the ministry, in cooperation with the CFA, has set a goal to increase the number of schools specializing in soccer from more than 8,000 to 20,000, encouraging more than 30 million primary and secondary school students to practice regularly and training 5,000 school soccer instructors by 2020.
A four-tier school league system is currently operated by the Ministry of Education with more than 100,000 inter-school matches played last year, involving 2.7 million students. Still, the lack of training expertise as well as facilities have been a pressing issue, and this needs more investment from both local governments and the private sector, said youth training expert Jin Zhiyang. To raise soccer's profile in the country, 16 clubs from the Chinese Super League, the top-flight competition in the country, spent a staggering $373 million during the most recent transfer window to purchase high-profile overseas players for the 2016 season. In contrast, the average governmental funding for each school registered in the four-tier system is less than 10,000 yuan ($1,539) for all expenses, while more than 10,000 students currently have to share, on average, a playing area of half a soccer field, according to CFA. The lack of public funding has opened business opportunities for companies such as Ray Sports and Sport 8 International to introduce foreign resources.
Sport 8, a Beijing-based company offering online-to-offline soccer education and training programs for local coaches, has been cooperating with Pan-China Sports, a sports infrastructure developer, to build and manage 300 soccer pitches in Beijing, according to Sport 8 co-founder Bai Qiang. Featuring the advanced Dutch youth training know-how that has produced an abundant supply of stars, including Sneijder and his fellow countryman Arjen Robben, Sport 8's training program, which is conducted by a foreign training crew from the Netherlands, has reached out to more than 70 Chinese cities, instructing about 15,000 local PE teachers. The after-school training provided by private companies and NGOs will serve as a supplement to the governmental effort, said Bai. Students undergo training at the No 2 Experimental Primary School in Wenxian county, Henan province, in April. The professor of marketing and innovation at Britain's Warwick Business School says brands of the power and reach of Apple give companies breathing space to do research and development. Wang, who was speaking at the Kerry Hotel in Beijing on one of her many annual visits to her native China, says the lack of global brands, not just in technology but in almost every sphere, was a real problem for the world's second-largest economy.
She cites that there were no Chinese brands in the Interbrand top 100 best global brands survey in 2015. She believes the lack of brands is undermining the country's technological efforts and achievements even though it overtook the United States and Japan as the world's largest filer of patents in 2012. The major question though is how far China - once light years behind at the time of reform and opening up in the late 1970s - has to go in catching up with the West in terms of technology. Her father was branded a "landlord" and lost his job at the height of the "cultural revolution (1966-76)", which meant the family was sent to the remote southwest Chinese province of Yunnan to a labor camp for intellectuals.
When the universities reopened in 1978 she was accepted by Xi'an University of Technology at just 16 to study engineering.
She then went on to study management science at Tianjin University before being accepted on scholarship under a technology cooperation scheme between the British Council and the Chinese government to study in the UK. So in 1988, she arrived at Warwick University to study for a doctorate in marketing and has lived in the UK ever since.
She went on to teach at John Moores University in Liverpool and after a spell at Sussex university in Brighton went back to Warwick University, where her specialization is a combination of marketing and innovation. Along with others such as Peter Williamson at Judge Business School at Cambridge University, she is pre-eminent in combining these two disciplines.
Wang, who is engaging but with a steely determination, also specializes in Chinese marketing on the advice of Robin Wensley, the former dean of Warwick Business School. She says that it was a new subject in China because in the 1970s there wasn't even a word for it. Wang has been quite evangelical in trying to get across the message in China itself that brands and marketing are important.
She says when China first began to rapidly develop, many Chinese companies found their brands were killed almost at birth by Western companies. Wang, who has held a number of posts at Chinese universities, including Sun Yat-sen, Tongji and Tsinghua, says the problem many Chinese brands face today is the negative association attached with being from China. She, however, believes Chinese companies such as Alibaba, Tencent and Huawei have made huge strides. Chinese infrastructure companies are also moving from markets such as Africa, where they are now well established, to Europe to be involved in major projects such as HS2.
Every morning, Lu Shaojie parks her car beside a gravestone shaded by trees on the slope of Cuiwei Mountain in western Beijing, before going to work as a tour guide at Fahai Temple, just a few hundred meters to the northeast. A copperplate printing of Da Bao En Temple in Nanjing, made by missionary artists in the 19th century. Apart from that, the only fact known for sure about Li is that he was a prominent eunuch of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Ever since Zheng's story was spread more widely in the early 20th century, the mystique of the seafarer has been perpetuated partly by his being a eunuch of the Ming court.
According to Zheng Zihai, a descendent of Zheng He, his ancestor was Li's colleague for nearly 30 years.
Whether the friendship was due to mutual fondness or political convenience remains unknown. In 1956, a gilt bronze miniature tower was unearthed in the underground chamber of the temple tower.
And for those who have read about the evils of the Ming eunuchs, spending a few minutes inside the dark main hall of Fahai Temple, where the frescoes are housed, may open another window. During the reign of Qianlong (1735-95), it became customary for European nations to send clocks to the palace, either as gifts or on request. Wang says he has passed on his skills, which are listed as national intangible cultural heritage, to his 24-year-old son. He was bitten by a poisonous spider, and his mother treated his hand with an old folk cure - setting his hand on fire because there were no doctors.
Because using the science we already have, we could probably bring my village and thousands like it into the world you and I take for granted every day.
Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, where he will study malaria and hepatitis virus infection. The puppet play is adapted from the first seven chapters of Journey to the West, an ancient literary classic dating back to 400 years ago. The basic traffic network construction will center on building the midwest railway and interregional main line railway. Back in 1972, when Gough Whitlam was elected prime minister of Australia, one of the first things he did was to recognize China.
It was The Age newspaper then owned by David Syme and Co, later acquired by Fairfax, that helped establish China Daily in 1981. While The Age and Sydney Morning Herald can trace their respective publishing histories back to the early 1880s, China Daily is a relative newcomer.
It should not differentiate its allies from others and inflame regional tensions, Wang said.
Supported by an increasing number of nations, China will continue to uphold its "just stance".
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said G7 leaders must lead international efforts to address this issue. But he added that dialogues such as that disclosed by Alibaba occur with "some regularity" between the SEC and other Chinese internet companies listed in the US. The Navy said 562 people were pulled to safety and the operation ended without finding any further survivors or victims. I could only see heads, all around, amid the waves, everyone pushing down on everyone else to try to stay afloat".
Joint cooperation will not only promote their peace, prosperity and development but that of the world. He has also met and interacted with top Chinese leaders, including Xi and Premier Li Keqiang, during their visits to India.
From 2004 to 2012, he alternated as defense minister, foreign minister and finance minister.
When Indira Gandhi was prime minister, she advised him to hire an English tutor and brush upon his pronunciation. According to the ministry, 29,618 adoption cases were competed in 2010, while last year the number dropped to 17,201. If they have a child, they can adopt a second if that child is an orphan, abandoned or a child with special needs in a welfare institution. China's 6.7 percent growth rate in the first quarter, announced in April, steadied nerves about the performance of the country's economy. He has jumped from several global landmarks, including the Eiffel Tower in Paris, Seattle's Space Needle, the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro and the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It offers a chance to honor more than 3,400 peace keepers who have lost their lives serving under the flag of the United Nations since 1948, including 128 last year.
I also wanted to bring Bernard Sanders into our conversations but found most knew less about him.
But separately they declared geopolitics would be far more interesting with the former secretary of state as the first female US president. The most common network security concerns are webpage counterfeiting and security vulnerabilities, it added. Equipment involved in the Internet of Thing swill face more security threats, and network fraud and racketeering in China will become more rampant this year, Huang predicted. The ratio was also lower than that of major market economies and emerging-market countries, such as Japan and Brazil. Last year, the local government debt ratio was 89.2 percent, lower than the generally accepted warning line of the international community, it said. The repayment will also be supported by China's expected medium to high economic growth, the statement said. The government can continue to increase leverage at an appropriate time to help enter-prises to lower their leverage level, the statement said-meaning that the scale of treasury and local government debt issuance can be expanded moderately.
Jiang has been a central member of the company, traveling six times last year from China to the US to oversee the US facility operations.
Fuling is the first Chinese-owned company to develop a greenfield project in Pennsylvania, though officials hope this is the first of many.
According to Gilbert Lee, Fuling’s chief financial officer, the company has used a third of the money to increase the capacity of the Allentown facility and the rest to break ground on construction of a manufacturing plant in Wenling, China. He added that the pro-independence ruling party first wanted to pass a law governing oversight of negotiations with Beijing. They cannot sign any agreements with the mainland before all three stages of legislative approval are completed. The longest-living Chinese woman writer, she was known for her modest, subtle and witty writing style.
A lawsuit is a legal means in this respect, (but) we look forward to finding a better way out, together with Samsung. Payments for such technology licenses are estimated to reach hundreds of millions of dollars a year. But behind many a film star there are long periods of joblessness and menial work before they make the big time. Eight months ago she began to produce, star in and distribute online dozens of short videos in which she plays a variety of characters and lampoons those in everyday situations such as dating. The public spotlight fell on her when she attracted venture capital of 12 million yuan ($1.85 million) in March.
This year heralds the beginning of the online celebrity economy in China," says Zhang Xiaorong, a researcher with the Tencent Research Institute, in a recent report. Many online celebrities are going to emerge this year," says Xue Yongfeng, a researcher with Beijing internet consultancy Analysys International. But it is only in recent months in China - particularly through Papi Jiang - that the tremendous commercial value of these celebrities has begun to crystallize in the public mind, and more talent, investors and capital are beginning to pour into the market. It has produced many more ways in which they can make a name for themselves and then turn that into cash. The online celebrity market, still in its infancy, could be worth hundreds of billions of yuan, Da says. Pictures or videos of these celebrities - and they are almost without exception attractive young women who dress to the nines - appear on social media, accompanied by advice for their followers on subjects such as choosing the right clothes and the right cosmetics. Instead, most of these celebrities have a savvy back-up team that helps them in their business dealings and with the content they post. She now has 490,000 followers, and about 50 to 80 percent of what her Taobao shop sells is snapped up by that entourage.
Taobao says more than 1,000 shops connected to online celebrities who hawk women's clothing each have a sales revenue of more than 1 million yuan a year.
Against decorated backdrops in various styles, the central character may sing, dance, play games or tell jokes.
There are more than 200 live streaming platforms, and the ministry says the industry was worth about 7.77 billion yuan last year. They also give expert opinions or advice on talk shows or spread gossip about other celebrities. He is the son of Wang Jianlin, one of China's richest men and chairman of mainland property and entertainment conglomerate Wanda Group. Some live streaming platforms cross into controversy as a result of host behavior considered inappropriate or illegal, such as wearing overly skimpy attire, using lots of vulgar words or, in some cases, simulated or actual sexual behavior.
Several weeks ago, the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television gave Papi Jiang a dressing down for using "swear words and insulting language" and ordered her to clean up her act. The Tencent report says that the online celebrity of half of those now enjoying it is likely to dissipate after only six months to three years, even though those with more staying power may remain for five years or longer.
The best are those with strong personalities who are innovative, hardworking and talented, and those who are excellent communicators. Her beautiful V-shaped face, sexy figure and funny, bold and straightforward personality helped attract followers, who now number more than 6 million, and helped her amass earnings last year of more than 5 million yuan ($767,000). Online streaming has a very low entry threshold - as long you have a computer, you can register with a website and start broadcasting - and the online streaming industry is growing fast. According to a report from Beijing-based iResearch Consulting Group, the public is likely to connect live broadcasting with eroticism, and online streaming scandals are frequent.
So in her spare time, she trains in singing and dancing, and prepares new styles of cosplay - wearing costumes to represent characters - or checks out online games to play with her followers. While unable to talk to fans much, she would still record short videos to say hello to her fans on her mobile phone.
The competition will be fierce, and I will need to make more effort to improve myself," she says. This year, the agency she signed with plans to produce an online television program, and she expects to have a role in it.
Although the result of their work is not entirely clear yet, it does mean cyber celebrities can be made in batches, offering endless streams of content. The birth of incubators means that in the online celebrity area, star-making factories have appeared," says Zhang Xiaorong, a senior researcher at the Tencent Research Institute, in a recent report. The company has 50 employees and she plans to sign two dozen celebrities by the end of this year.
Second is to find good supply chain partners to best showcase the online celebrities' products and content. When she works with them, she tries to respect their unique style and find the way to help them showcase it. Compared with the funds needed for scientific research, he says the costs of popularizing the crop and promoting it in the market are far higher. There are no plug and play technologies that fit into the same types of infrastructure in different cities, he says.
And the stories in it about a simple man and his family's bookshop in the city of Xi'an are unlikely to stir readers that much. And in the most important location are a stack of solid olive green books, copies of Order: The Story of Fangyuan Bookshop, which are barely discernible because they almost melt into the background. He squints and bares the teeth under his handlebar moustache in a broad smile, looking for all the world like a caricature of those images in the book. By then, the family had run the bookshop for 28 years, and the ambitious Lyu can see the family running it beyond when it is 100 years old. That expertise helped give the shop a great deal of credibility that contributed to its success, and when it was at its best it employed 11 people. Li Jin, Lyu Chonghua and another classmate of theirs at college, Wei Tao, went to take a look. She was surprised that the books she saw there, as attractive as they were, were not that fancy, and they did not strike her as being particularly collectable. In 2011 he started collecting materials for the book, trying to tell the stories of his family and the bookstore from many different angles. In three years, based on her understanding of beautiful books and the Lyu family, she tried more than 60 different formats. Despite being well-grounded in Chinese history, the British author was astonished that he had never heard of the uprising, so he decided to learn more about it. Although technically a biography, the author's grasp of history and the pivotal events of the time provide an excellent guide to late 19th century China and the conditions under which people lived. Weighing heavier on the scales are his tendency to take the credit for other people's ideas, and at a time when traveling in the interior inevitably meant handing out bribes and "gifts", his refusal to give face or money to local officials often hindered his progress in terms of both geography and his career. In 1985, the then 20-year-old photography student at the London College of Printing - now the London College of Communication - was left a small inheritance, so he asked his tutors for permission to travel to China during term time to undertake a photojournalism project. One day, as they rested on the Great Wall, the brothers spotted a couple of Westerners being guided by a large group of Chinese officials and surrounded by a gaggle of photographers and journalists. Only later did the brothers realize that the men were George Michael and Andrew Ridgley, then better known as Wham, the first Western pop group to perform live in China. That trip sparked an ongoing love affair with the provinces of Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan.
And, having spent 25 years working to deadlines, it was an indulgence to set my own pace," he explained. As Channel Islanders, and therefore geographically closer to France than the British mainland, the Mesny family spoke French at home. The "Slash" are not in it just for the cash, though financial rewards are always appreciated, as the age of the Internet and mass information provides them a chance to explore different roles in a way previous generations could only dream of. In an age of austerity it is not unusual for people to take on an extra job to pay the bills but for the Slash Generation their motivation is not primarily to improve their bank balance but to unleash their creativity. It made me feel really good when you made a difference in a new area which you used to know nothing about," he said. Although Cheng loves his jobs, enjoys his life and has somehow managed to juggle various identities, he confessed that finding the time to have a girlfriend has been problematic. Unlike Cheng, who was focusing on many fronts, Zhu is really concentrating on making his rock festival famous in China.
Art is about expressing your own ideas in your works while design is a business to meet the demands of your clients.
These include self-control, good communication skills and they are popular in their circle. Kind-hearted, enthusiastic, and it seems that no matter what situation there are in, they can adapt quickly. They have a variety of interests, are always willing to experience new things and have friends from wide-ranging backgrounds.
The scene is reminiscent of youth practice sessions at La Liga (Spain's top professional league) giants such as Barcelona and Real Madrid, he said.
The high levels of enthusiasm and the school's commitment to develop the soccer program has impressed Iglesias, who was hired by Beijing-based Ray Sports last October to train players at the school as a physical education teacher.
China opened its first line in 2007 and now has 19,000 kilometers of track in service, more than the rest of the world's high-speed rail networks together.
Her father taught philosophy at a military college and her mother taught Chinese literature. So researchers and scientists don't talk to marketers because they speak different languages. She addressed the Pujiang Innovation Forum, organized by the Ministry of Science & Technology, in Shanghai as far back as 2000.
They had brands that could have been quite promising but they allowed themselves to be acquired by Western brands who basically discarded them," she says.
However, if one listens to Lu, the story of Li is inextricably linked to that of another man, the much more famous Chinese mariner and explorer Zheng He (also known in English as Cheng Ho), whose expeditionary voyages between 1405 and 1433 took his fleet to parts of Asia and Africa. However, few people know that Zheng, who lived between 1371 and 1433, was a devout Buddhist. But they did have a faith, Buddhism, in common, something they also shared with successive Ming rulers.
Some historians think his ashes were returned to his homeland when the fleet reached the Chinese coast in July of that year. But no connection was made between the bronze tower and the Fahai frescoes until Zheng Zihai visited the temple years later. Between 1412 and 1428, under the supervision of Zheng He, a grand Buddhist temple was built in Nanjing and known as Da Bao En Temple, or the Temple of Gratitude. Many even blame them for the fall of the Ming 276 years after its founding, in 1644," says Lu, the tour guide. The master clock restorer, 55, looks after hundreds of timepieces at the museum, also known as the Forbidden City.
Today, he shares a 60-square-meter studio with two other craftsmen in a closed section of the museum. China is strongly dissatisfied with what Japan and the G7 have done," Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said at a news conference. As a graduate from Harvard, he wins honors for our country!" wrote weibo user Danuannanpanpaner. It has gathered the world's top publishers, writers, filmmakers and artists to share their views on how to produce better content for many platforms. China Daily will tell more stories of those who do business, live and stroll along the alley with a series in the days ahead. Mukherjee refused to heed to her advice and said he is comfortable with his Bengali accent. At Fuling, Thelma says that now she can make enough money to support her family and enjoys the work environment. On April 21, after fierce bidding among those vying to place advertisements alongside her videos, the hammer fell with a bid of 22 million yuan for the first ad to go with one of her online video clips. The potential worth of the most valuable online celebrity, the online writer called the Third Master of the Tang Family, is put at 1.47 billion yuan. The brands behind the pictures then parse and weigh fan feedback in the form of product orders as they start to roll in before deciding how much more to produce for their linked Taobao stores. These online celebrities' income is derived mainly from gifts and money sent through the website by fans. This group of online celebrities is the largest but also the most difficult to pin down since their business models usually are not well developed yet and they are widely dispersed in cyberspace. They're the sort of people who will pose numerous times just for one shot that is going to be placed online. The report says that about 77 percent of China's netizens think online live streaming platforms have vulgar content. But she thinks it important to have a support team to help keep her career going for the long term. Third is to sell their products and content through e-commerce sites like Taobao and other channels to fully realize their commercial value. So she has been able to help online celebrities navigate the clothing supply chain, she says. But this does not mean cities cannot learn from each other or seek ideas, inspiration and lessons from one another. I think more of that can happen," he says, adding that it is a different sort of model for delivery than the government paying for something and doing the installation itself.
However, anyone carefully leafing through the pages of Order: The Story of Fangyuan Bookshop, is likely to be touched and amused by the ordinariness that is presented ingeniously through the airy and light interaction of text and image. It was a brave move, given that China was in turmoil - the Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) was in full swing - and with the Second Opium War (1856-60) about to reach its bloody conclusion, British adventurers were far from welcome in the country. Whenever they spotted us, one of them would mutter, 'It's those guys again!'" recalled the 52-year-old author, with a laugh. He then set up a youth association to promote communication between young people from Taiwan and the Chinese mainland. The progress over the past several months has been incredible," said the Spaniard, who used to be a youth trainer with La Liga club Celta Vigo. But they need to improve the organization of the school league system to provide more competitions for the children," he said. China will be a likely bidder for construction contracts on the UK's HS2 high-speed rail link.
His religious pursuits eventually led him to share his Buddhist mentor with his contemporary, Li Tong, who was 18 years his junior. For childless eunuchs, these edifices could also function as ancestral halls, where they were venerated by pilgrims who had come to worship Buddha. Emperor Xuande, the Ming emperor of the day, ordered Zheng He's grand burial on a mountain slope in Nanjing. Emperor Yongle (1360-1424) ordered its construction to honor the late emperor and empress, who were founders of the dynasty.
The studio recently featured in a three-part TV documentary, Masters in the Forbidden City, about the work behind the scenes at the museum. The deft creativity of the designer of the flip-book presentation of the caricature faces of the man to the left of the strings that bind the book are something to marvel at. Zheng Zihai, who has done extensive research into his ancestor's burial, says Li was responsible for construction of a temple tower in Zheng He's memory.

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