Army leader development strategy,event management training in bangladesh,i can change your life book - PDF 2016

This briefing note discusses the concept of leadership and its underlying elements of discipline, skills, proficiency, knowledge, decision making and judgment.
Additional detailed data associated with the components of leadership can be found in the following briefing notes: Discipline, Pilot Judgment and Expertise, Communication, Decision Making, Introduction to Airmanship and Risk Assessment.
All of these definitions have merit, as does a more comprehensive view of leadership that is a composite of values, attributes and principles. Leadership has historically been an important concept to the military, particularly in wartime.
Conceptual skills: the ability to understand and apply prescribed doctrine and procedures, as well as relevant theories and ideas to get the job done. Tactical skills: the ability to make the right decisions concerning the use of resources including personnel and equipment.
Influencing: making decisions, communicating those decisions and motivating people to do the right thing — whatever it takes to get the job done safely and effectively. Operating: executing correctly those actions needed to accomplish a team’s immediate mission.
Improving: continuously seeking ways to do things better (safer, faster, cheaper), rather than being satisfied with the status quo. In their 2003 book Leadership Challenge, Kouze and Posner describe a leadership model (based on data collection from thousands of successful and effective managers on their common practices and behaviors) and introduce the concept of network leadership — that is, focusing on how leadership occurs across members of a network and how leadership is enacted as a distributed responsibility. Leaders establish principles concerning the way people should be treated and the way goals should be pursued.
There are many qualities other than pure intelligence or technical know-how that determine whether or not a leader is successful and effective.
Daniel Goleman, in his 1995 book Emotional Intelligence, states that human qualities such as self-awareness, self-discipline, persistence and empathy are of greater consequence than intelligence quotients in much of life. Self-regulation: Managing disruptive emotions and impulses, maintaining standards of honesty and integrity while taking responsibility for personal performance.
Social awareness: Sensing other’s feelings and perspective, and taking active interest in their concerns. Social skills: Employing effective tactics for persuasion, sending clear and convincing messages, inspiring and guiding groups and people, initiating and managing change, negotiating and resolving disagreements, developing relationships, working with others toward shared goals, and creating group synergy in pursuing those collective goals. In summary, one does not necessarily have to be the smartest to be an effective leader, nor is intelligence alone sufficient to ensure effective leadership qualities.
Figure 3 demonstrates how the elements of leadership are analogous to the components of a building.
The development of leadership has a foundation of values and ethics which support expectations and standards. Self-development enhances a leader’s previously acquired skills, knowledge and experience by focusing on areas that need improvement. Progressive operational assignments (on the job training), increasing in terms of responsibilities and difficulty, are an important part of leadership development. This lesson discusses the US Army's environmental position and explains the four environmental pillars as they relate to training and operations. You will learn to describe the Army's environmental position as it relates to Army training and operations. To accomplish environmental responsibilities effectively, you must know what it takes to be a good steward in the environmental awareness program. Complying with installation environmental policies, unit standing operating procedures (SOPs), AR, and environmental laws and guidelines. Preventing environmental damage and pollution by making sound decisions that will not harm the environment. Advising the chain of command when unit actions do not comply with environmental guidelines. Prevent pollution at the source by reducing, reusing, or recycling materials that cause pollution. Conserve and preserve natural and cultural resources so that they will be available for present and future generations. Using floor sweep compound carefully reduces the amount of floor sweep required to clean up oil spills. Using soap and water instead of harmful solvents reduces the amount of harmful materials produced and prevents pollution.
Every pilot should understand the basic concept of leadership because it is a personal quality that can profoundly influence flight safety. While it is difficult to quantify specifically which events were caused by poor leadership, it is not unreasonable to consider leadership as one of the causal factors in the 70 percent of accidents and incidents that are attributed to human factors. Some believe that leadership involves influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improve the organization.
The military, like most goal-oriented institutions, is values-based and emphasizes the need for an individual to set high standards, lead by example, do what is legally and morally right, and influence others to do the same. In 2003, McKinsey & Company produced a study that summarizes the evolution of leadership theory.
They envision the future, creating an ideal and unique image of what the organization can become.


They look for innovative ways to improve the organization or team’s performance; and, in doing so, they may experiment and take reasonable risks.
They actively involve others and understand that mutual respect is needed to sustain extraordinary team efforts. To keep hope and determination alive, leaders regularly recognize contributions made by their team members. Knowing one’s strengths and limits and their consequences: sureness about one’s self-worth and capabilities. Being comfortable with and open to novel ideas and new information, flexible in handling change. Aligning with goals of the group while maintaining readiness to act on opportunities, and maintaining persistence in pursuing goals despite obstacles and setbacks. Emotional maturity and credibility also play important roles in how well one provides leadership inside an organization.
The figure illustrates the inter-dependencies among the elements that determine leadership and shows that while all elements are necessary, none alone is sufficient to ensure excellence. These form the basis for effective improvement through training, operational experience and self-development.
Self-development is based on personal motivation, is performed continuously on a day-to-day basis and relies on the individual’s self-discipline.
These opportunities allow leaders to broaden their knowledge and refine the skills they have learned from institutional training and previous assignments. September 2006, U.S Army Transformation Leadership, A study of core competencies for civilian leadership. To be a good steward, you must learn and understand not only how the environment affects everyday training and operations, but also how everyday duties affect the environment.
Taking care of the environment protects human health and safety and guards natural resources. Many practices that damage the environment waste time and do not lead to success in combat. This strategy is founded on the bedrock of shared national values, which ties the Army to the nation and gives it stability. The Army mission, at the top, requires the Army to manage and use natural resources wisely. The Army plays an important role in protecting and managing threatened and endangered plants and animals. The Army is working with other government agencies to provide a foundation for wildlife and nature studies on Army lands. The Army manages and protects national cultural resources such as buildings, landmarks, and Native American archaeological sites. If Army members are not good stewards of the environment and their training facilities, the Army will face increased scrutiny by environmental groups, Congress, and local, state, and federal regulatory agencies. In addition to safety consequences, poor leadership is likely responsible for many other weaknesses and inefficiencies in aviation operations that lead to poor performance and wasted money. Others believe a person with outstanding leadership possesses the human qualities required to make good judgments and decisions. Army has based its leadership training on what an individual must be (values and attributes), know (skills) and do (actions) to be a good leader.
When looking back (see Figure 2), one sees a succession of theories about what makes effective leadership, as well as a wide range of proposed leadership “styles” that describe how effective leaders operate.
When appropriate, they set interim goals so that people can derive encouragement from small “victories” as they work toward larger objectives. Through quiet persuasion, they enlist others into their dreams and get them to see exciting possibilities for the future. Because they know that risk-taking involves an increased chance for mistakes, they accept any resulting disappointments as learning opportunities and also accept responsibility for their decisions. Sensing what others require to develop their abilities by cultivating opportunities through diversity of people. Soldiers must train to fight a war anywhere in the world, without causing or by minimizing harm to the environment. For example, when fuel spills on the ground, it soaks into the soil, poisons plants, and eventually enters streams and lakes that supply drinking water. One example occurred during the Gulf War when Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields and poured millions of gallons of crude oil into the Persian Gulf. FM 22-100, Army Leadership, defines ethics as principles or standards that guide soldiers and professionals to do the moral or right thing.
Based on the vision and the ethic, the Army seeks to conduct operations that are environmentally sustainable, enhance the quality of life, and improve national security. Just as a building's walls support its roof, the model's four pillars support environmental stewardship. Included in the conservation pillar are two different types of resource management—conservation and preservation.
Along with the Army training on a vast amount of acreage, comes the responsibility of stewardship—safeguarding and enhancing our vital resources.


These forests provide realistic training environments and are a valuable source of wildlife habitat. In recent years, we have learned just how crucial wetlands are to the nation's environment.
Over 100 major Army installations have special management programs devoted to land-use conservation and maintenance.
Military leaders should take steps to protect and manage the habitats that these plants and animals need to survive and flourish.
Through the Watchable Wildlife Program, the Army is developing a national network of wildlife observation sites.
It is difficult to live or train in areas that have been destroyed, but it is equally difficult to prevent this destruction from happening. In order to achieve good leadership, each pilot must understand both the elements of effective leadership and the consequences of poor leadership.
Still others define leadership as a professional attitude or a personal aptitude similar to decision making.
It is important to note that the values, attributes, skills and actions put forward by the military (see Figure 1) are equally applicable in non-military settings.
During war, many wise tactical, medical, or operations security (OPSEC) practices are also good environmental practices. The Iraqi Army deliberately damaged environmental resources and wasted valuable time and effort on activities that did not stop the allies' advance. The Army expects soldiers to obey local, state, federal, and host nation (HN) environmental requirements. However, to make the installation a safer place for soldiers and their families, the Army is cleaning up its contaminated sites. Preventing pollution is always more effective and less costly than cleaning up polluted sites.
Conservation focuses on responsibly using land to ensure long-term, natural resource productivity. The Army must guarantee the continuing usefulness of land by protecting the environment from the effects of current and future training operations.
Over 100 installations have programs for land use, conservation, and maintenance to keep training areas healthy. They are highly sensitive and productive areas that provide breeding, rearing, and feeding grounds for fish and wildlife.
The Army works closely with the Soil Conservation Service and the Forest Service to improve soil, rangeland, and forest management. This ensures that as the Army fights and wins future conflicts, its approach will strive to protect and preserve valuable resources (soldiers and materials) and the natural environment.
Finally, leadership can be defined as an outcome — if others willingly follow you, you are a leader. Currently, the Department of Defense (DOD) must clean up more than 20,000 sites suspected of being contaminated with toxic materials. Remember, environmental stewardship does not prevent the Army from fighting and winning wars; it supports the Army mission. Strong commitment to each part of the foundation is critical to ensure a solid base for environmental initiatives and long-term success. By following the unit environmental SOP, the environmental guidance that leaders publish in operation orders (OPORDs), and installation environmental regulations, soldiers can help the Army meet its compliance goal. By following the principles under the other three environmental pillars, soldiers can help the Army eliminate the need for a restoration pillar. The installation can often sell recyclable materials and raise funds for things like recreation facilities. Preservation, which focuses on resource protection, is essential for ensuring the future integrity of valuable national resources. The Army employs highly trained specialists to manage these areas, but they cannot do everything required.
The Army is responsible for many of the sites that are littered with hazards such as paints, solvents, ammunition, and fuel. Army leadership, coupled with the building blocks, provides a sound footing for the four pillars of compliance, restoration, prevention, and conservation. These programs are exercised in concert with programs of the Soil Conservation Service, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and other federal and state agencies. All are devoted to land use and conservation, training area maintenance, and preservation of natural resources and historic and cultural sites. Preservation is needed to ensure the future integrity of valuable national resources such as species' habitats and historical and cultural sites.




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army leader development strategy



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