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The Army will do whatever the Nation asks it to do, from decisively winning wars to promoting and keeping the peace. Today, the Army must meet the challenge of a wider range of threats and a more complex set of operating environments while incorporating new and diverse technology.
Doctrine represents a professional army's collective thinking about how it intends to fight, train, equip, and modernize. FM 7-0 is the Army's capstone training doctrine and is applicable to all units, at all levels, and in all components. FM 7-0 provides the training and leader development methodology that forms the foundation for developing competent and confident soldiers and units that will win decisively in any environment. Closing the gap between training, leader development, and battlefield performance has always been the critical challenge for any army.
FM 7-0 provides the Training Management Cycle and the necessary guidelines on how to plan, execute, and assess training and leader development.
Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men. Develop trust soldier-to-soldier, leader to led, unit-to-unit in the Army and grow the warfighting confidence of the force.
Ensure that our soldiers are physically and mentally prepared to dominate the next battlefield-no soldier goes into harm's way untrained. Our soldiers must be comfortable and confident in the elements-fieldcraft, fieldcraft, fieldcraft.
Provides a data source for lessons learned and trends to improve doctrine, training, leader development, organization, materiel, and soldier considerations. Commanders and leaders at all echelons use the Principles of Training discussed in this chapter to develop and execute effective training.
Develop and execute training plans that result in proficient individuals, leaders, and units. Identify specific individual, crew, and small team tasks that support the unit's collective mission essential tasks.
Evaluate training and conduct AARs to provide feedback to the commander on individual, crew, and small team proficiency. Train leaders, battle staffs, units, and individuals at each echelon of the organization simultaneously.
Maintain battle focus by linking individual and collective battle tasks with unit METL tasks, within large-scale training event METL tasks. This briefing note discusses the concept of leadership and its underlying elements of discipline, skills, proficiency, knowledge, decision making and judgment.
Additional detailed data associated with the components of leadership can be found in the following briefing notes: Discipline, Pilot Judgment and Expertise, Communication, Decision Making, Introduction to Airmanship and Risk Assessment. All of these definitions have merit, as does a more comprehensive view of leadership that is a composite of values, attributes and principles. Leadership has historically been an important concept to the military, particularly in wartime. Conceptual skills: the ability to understand and apply prescribed doctrine and procedures, as well as relevant theories and ideas to get the job done. Tactical skills: the ability to make the right decisions concerning the use of resources including personnel and equipment.
Influencing: making decisions, communicating those decisions and motivating people to do the right thing — whatever it takes to get the job done safely and effectively. Operating: executing correctly those actions needed to accomplish a team’s immediate mission. Improving: continuously seeking ways to do things better (safer, faster, cheaper), rather than being satisfied with the status quo. In their 2003 book Leadership Challenge, Kouze and Posner describe a leadership model (based on data collection from thousands of successful and effective managers on their common practices and behaviors) and introduce the concept of network leadership — that is, focusing on how leadership occurs across members of a network and how leadership is enacted as a distributed responsibility. Leaders establish principles concerning the way people should be treated and the way goals should be pursued. There are many qualities other than pure intelligence or technical know-how that determine whether or not a leader is successful and effective. Daniel Goleman, in his 1995 book Emotional Intelligence, states that human qualities such as self-awareness, self-discipline, persistence and empathy are of greater consequence than intelligence quotients in much of life. Self-regulation: Managing disruptive emotions and impulses, maintaining standards of honesty and integrity while taking responsibility for personal performance. Social awareness: Sensing other’s feelings and perspective, and taking active interest in their concerns. Social skills: Employing effective tactics for persuasion, sending clear and convincing messages, inspiring and guiding groups and people, initiating and managing change, negotiating and resolving disagreements, developing relationships, working with others toward shared goals, and creating group synergy in pursuing those collective goals. In summary, one does not necessarily have to be the smartest to be an effective leader, nor is intelligence alone sufficient to ensure effective leadership qualities. Figure 3 demonstrates how the elements of leadership are analogous to the components of a building. The development of leadership has a foundation of values and ethics which support expectations and standards. Self-development enhances a leader’s previously acquired skills, knowledge and experience by focusing on areas that need improvement. Progressive operational assignments (on the job training), increasing in terms of responsibilities and difficulty, are an important part of leadership development. The Pakistani Army Chief of Staff General Raheel Sharif has conveyed serious concern to the US Ambassador to Pakistan over a drone strike that targeted the Taliban Chief Mullah Akhtar Mansoor.
Earlier the US Ambassador to Pakistan was summoned by the country’s foreign ministry over the airstrike killing Taliban leader in Balochistan province. The Taliban Chief was targeted in Pakistan late on Saturday afternoon as he was travelling in a vehicle. This comes as the Afghan officials have long been criticizing Pakistan for allowing the anti-government armed militant groups to use its soil from where they plan and coordinate attacks in Afghanistan. The Afghan National Army Chief of Staff General Qadam Shah Shaheem instructed the Afghan commandos to use all force against the enemies of the country.
He was speaking during a gathering in Kabul on the occasion of the graduation of 900 commandos of the Afghan National Army. He also urged the Afghan commando forces to treat the Prisoners of War well and not to harm them and also prevent causing harm to the properties of the civilians.
He urged the Afghan forces to take better care of the equipment, insisting that the equipment and technology belong to the Afghan nation. The graduation of 900 commando forces could further boost the capabilities of the Afghan National Security and Defense Forces (ANSDF) who are fighting a resurgent Taliban.
But the observers believe that the Afghan Special Forces play a key role in fight against terrorism, specifically for the night operations they conduct which have had a considerable achievement during the recent months. At least 8 soldiers of the Afghan National Army (ANA) forces were martyred in fight against terrorism in the past 24 hours, the Ministry of Defense (MoD) said. According to an operational update by the Ministry of Defense (MoD), the soldiers were martyred while conducting counter-terrorism operations against the internal and external terrorists. There has been a sharp rise in the casualties of the Afghan national security forces since they took full control of the security responsibilities from the coalition forces at the start of last year.
According to the earlier estimates by security officials, the Afghan army deaths stood at 4 service members daily on average which is mainly caused due to improvised explosive device (IED) attacks. The Afghan forces have increased counter-terrorism operations to suppress the anti-government armed militant groups who are preparing to step up attacks as they announced their spring offensive earlier last week. At least 61 militants were killed and dozens of others were wounded in the latest clearance operations of the Afghan National Security and Defense (ANSDF), the Ministry of Defense (MoD) said. According to a statement by MoD, the operations were conducted in the past 24 hours in various parts of the country with the support of the Afghan Air Force and Artillery units.
The statement further added 30 of the militanst were killed and several others were wounded in Chemtal district of balkh and 11 others were killed and 7 more were wounded in Suzma Qala district of Sar-e-Pul province. A least 7 militants were killed during an operation in Baghlan Markazi district of Baghlan and 10 others were wounded, MoD said. The statement also added that 9 militants wre killed and 7 others were wounded during an operation in Dehrawood district of Uruzgan and 4 more were killed in Yakya Khel district of Paktika. The anti-government armed militant groups including the Taliban insurgents have not commented regarding the report so far.
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) condemned a suicide attack in Kabul which left at least 11 people dead.
The statement further added that the suicide bomber detonated against a shuttle bus transporting employees of the Maidan Wardak provincial court. According to the UN mission, it has verified 14 separate attacks targeting judges, prosecutors and judicial staff, which have resulted in nine civilian deaths and 19 civilians injured, as well as four incidents of abduction of judicial staff since January 1 2016.
The Taliban militants group released a photograph of the group’s newly-appointed supreme leader Mawlavi Haibatullah Akhundzada.
No further details have been given regarding the background of Mawlavi Akhundzada who replaced Mullah Akhtar Mansoor 3 days after he was killed in a drone strike. Meanwhile the former Afghan Intelligence Chief Rahmatullah Nabil has said Mawlavi Akhundzada was a village Mullah and has no military or political experience. In a Twitter message, Nabil said the newly-appointed Taliban supreme leader is 56-year-old but lacks military and political experience. He also added that one of his deputies, the 24-year-old Mullah Yaqoob, son of Mullah Mohammad Omar, also lacks military and political experience. But according to Nabil, his other deputy, the leader of the Haqqani terrorist network, Sirajuddin Haqqani will be defacto leader of the group. Earlier experts had warned that the appointment of Sirajuddin Haqqani would be dangerous for the country amid concerns that the group would further intensify its attacks.
The Taliban group released a statement to confirm the death of Mullah Akhtar Mansoor and appointment of Mawlavi Akhundzada and his deputies earlier today. Militants attacking the US and Afghan forces will be targeted and will have no safe haven, the US Department of State has said. Toner was responding to a question regarding the US airstrike that targeted the Taliban supreme leader Mullah Akhtar Mansoor. He also added ” And I also think that it sends the message that the Taliban must decide what its future is going to be and whether it’s going to be part of a peaceful political future for Afghanistan. The Taliban supreme leader Mullah Mansoor was targeted in the vicinity of Balochistan province of Pakistan late on Saturday afternoon.
His death has been confirmed by the Afghan government, security institutions and the US authorities. The Afghan government said Mullah Mansoor sought refuge in the stranger’s soil and was repeatedly committing deception, concealing facts, killing innocent people and terrorizing people as well as smuggling drugs and preventing Afghanistan to gain development by emphasizing on continued war in the country.
Meanwhile, the US President Barack Obama said Mansoor rejected efforts by the Afghan government to seriously engage in peace talks and end the violence that has taken the lives of countless innocent Afghan men, women and children.
At least eleven people were killed and ten others were wounded in an explosion in Kabul province earlier today. A spokesman for the Ministry of Interior earlier confirmed the incident and said at least ten people were killed and four others were wounded. Najib Danish sad the attack took place in the 5th police district of Kabul targeting a vehicle carrying the appellate court employees of Maidan WArdak. No group including the Taliban militants has claimed responsibility behind the incident yet. Earlier the Taliban group vowed to target the judiciary workers in retaliation to the execution of a number of group’s militants by the Afghan government. The Afghan government executed at least six militants over terror offences in capital Kabul earlier this month. The execution of the militants followed days after a deadly attack rocked capital Kabul leaving at least 64 people dead and 347 others wounded. The Taliban militants group confirmed the death of the group’s supreme leader Mullah Akhtar Mansoor and announced Mawlavi Haibatullah Akhundzada as his successor. A statement by the group said Mawlavi Akhundzada was appointed as the successor of Mansoor after he was unanimously voted by the leadership council members. The statement further added that Sirajuddin Haqqani and Mullah Omar’s son Mulah Yaqoob have been appointed as deputy supreme leader of the group. Mullah Mansoor was killed in a US drone strike in the vicinity of Balochistan province of Pakistan late on Saturday afternoon. Earlier reports suggested that the leader of Haqqani terrorist network Sirajuddin Haqqani and Mullah Omar’s son were the possible successor of Mullah Mansoor. The group on Tuesday said the death of its leader will not have any affect on the group’s insurgency. The US Department of Defense first informed regarding the attack on Mulllah Mansoor but his killing was cofirmed by the Afghan security institutions including the National Directorate of Security. Earlier the Afghan government said Mullah Mansoor sought refuge in the stranger’s soil and was repeatedly committing deception, concealing facts, killing innocent people and terrorizing people as well as smuggling drugs and preventing Afghanistan to gain development by emphasizing on continued war in the country.
It also added that the supporters of Mullah Mansoor were sparing no efforts in committing atrocities against the noble and Muslim people of Afghanistan. The leader of Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin Hekmatyar has offered condolences to the family and supporters of Mullah Akhtar Mansoor over his death. Hekmatyar has released an unusual statement amid ongoing peace efforts between his party and the Afghan government, calling on Taliban to form a coalition with him.
He has called on Taliban to jointly work with him to achieve the joint targets and resolve the crisis in the country. The leader of Hezb-e-Islami has also asked Taliban to jointly work with him in his ongoing peace efforts and resistance and jihad and for the future of the country. The Taliban militants earlier rejected to form a coalition with Hezb-e-Islami and on numerous occasions fighting erupted among the fighters of the two groups, according to VOA’s Afghanistan service.
This comes as the Presidential Palace announced Tuesday that there is no specific timeframe for the conclusion of peace deal with Hezb-e-Islami led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. Deputy presidential spokesman Syed Zafar Hashemi told reporters that peace process is always complicated and it would be a mistake to confirm a timeframe regarding the peace agreement, insisting that small and big changes normally takes place everyday, in every seconds and at the final seconds of peace process.
Meanwhile the Afghan government signed the draft peace agreement with Hezb-e-Islami last week. Deputy Chief Executive Mohammad Khan told reporters last week that the draft agreement has been signed and will become enforceable once the Hezb-e-Islami party signs it.


The US Defense Secretary Ash Carter has said one roadblock to peace in Afghanistan has been eliminated with the removal of Mullah Akhtar Mansoor from the battlefield. He said removing Mansur from the battlefield eliminates one roadblock to peace in Afghanistan. Carter reaffirmed Department of Defense support to the Afghan government in its efforts to build a brighter and safe future for the people of Afghanistan.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani issued a new decree following the conclusion of a review commission to study the route for the 500kV transmission line. The presidential decree states that a 220kW double circuit power line will be transmitted from from Doshi to the central provinces to transmit 300 megawatt of electricity that would be enough for the entire central provinces. The decree further states that the power 220kV power line should be executed to include the construction of a 220kV (double circuit) electricity network to transmit 300 megawatt of electricity from Doshi to center of Bamyan with the start of the project to be from the first of the month of June and should conclude in the solar year 1398. A substation should also be constructed in Bamyan province with the execution of the project to be the start of the month of June and must finish in the solar year 1398.
The decree also states that a distribution network should be constructed in Bamyan to supply electricity to at least 20,000 families.
The relevant institutions have also been instructed to present a plan for the construction of electricity supply network in the other central provinces and must submit it to the cabinet for approval in six months. A thermal power factory should also be built in Eshpeshta area of Bamyan and a 500kV transmission line should be built from Eshpeshta to Arghande. The decree states that the Ministry of Finance must arrange the funding for the project and should present to the parliament through the government as part of 1395 national budget review. The procurement work of 500kV transmission line from north to south will resume as per the findings of the commission and in consideration with the execution of the technical and procurement work of the transmission line in the past two and half year. The Presidential Palace announced Tuesday that there is no specific timeframe for the conclusion of peace deal with Hezb-e-Islami led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
Deputy presidential spokesman Syed Zafar Hashemi told reporters that peace process is always complicated and it would be a mistake to confirm a timeframe regarding the peace agreement. Hashemi further added that small and big changes normally takes place everyday, in every seconds and at the final seconds of peace process. He said the Afghan government will update the Afghan people once the two sides reach to an agreement.
This comes as the Afghan government signed the draft peace agreement with Hezb-e-Islami last week.
Meanwhile, the Chief Executive Officer Abdullah Abdullah said Sunday that the Afghan government is close to conclude a peace deal with Hezb-e-Islami led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. Abdullah further added that negotiatiosn between the High Peace Council and Hezb-e-Islami are underway. However, he insisted that the national interests of the country and the Afghan people are a top priority in all key issues, insisting that there will be no negligence in this regard. He also emphasized that anyone joining peace process should lay down arms, stop insurgency activities, respect the Afghan constitution and reach to an agreement with the government. The acting provincial governor of northern Balkh province of Afghanistan Ata Mohammad Noor has said the killing of Taliban supreme leader Mullah Akhtar Mansoor may lead to more fighting and suicide attacks in coming weeks. Noor further added that the authorities had to brace for a surge in violence as rival candidates established their claims to the leadership of the insurgency. He also pointed to a spate of suicide bombings as well as the intense fighting that led to the temporary fall of the northern city of Kunduz last year as Mansoor looked to consolidate his newly won position. In the meantime, Noor said some of the Taliban militants may surrender if the government works well pointing towards a scope for the government to exploit a likely fracturing in the insurgency. This comes as the Taliban group issued a statement late on Monday stating that the death of the group’s leader will not have any impact on the insurgency activities of the group. The statement by Taliban further added that the campaign by the Taliban militants is not for a single person which would end or become weak by his death, warning that the death of their leader will spark more revolution. On the other hand, reports emerged Monday regarding the start of negotiations among the Taliban leadership council to appoint a successor for Mullah Akhtar Mansoor. The reports further added that the leader of Haqqani terrorist network Sirajuddin Haqqani, Mullah Omar’s son and his brother are among the possible successors of Mullah Mansoor.
The government of India is mulling to deliver more helicopters to Afghanistan in a bid to help boost the airpower of the Afghan National Security and Defense Forces. The Office of the President in a statement said the issue was discussed during a meeting between President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The statement further added President Ghani thanked India’s support and cooperation with Afghanistan, specifically in delivery Mi-25 gunship helicopters and urged the Indian leadership to further assist the Afghan forces.
In response, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the relevant security sector in the Indian government has been instructed to seek ways for the delivery of more helicopters to Afghanistan. President Ghani also hailed the Indian government for supporting Afghanistan in implementation of key infrastructure projects, including the Salma dam. He also pointed towards the construction of the Afghan Parliament Building by India and said such projects will further boost bilateral ties between the two nations. Afghanistan received three of the four Mi-25 gunship helicopters from India late in the month of December last year and days before the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Kabul.
The decision for the delivery of Mi-25 gunship helicopters was concluded during the recent visit of Afghan National Security Adviser Mohammad Hanif Atmar to New Delhi. India has remained one of the key donors for the reconstruction of Afghanistan following the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001. Since 2002, the Government of India has committed USD 2 billion dollars to the socio-economic rebuilding of the Afghan state and society in accordance with the development priorities of the Government and the people of Afghanistan. The supreme leader of the Taliban group Mullah Akhtar Mansoor was frequently using Karachi airport to travel to other countries with reports suggesting he travelled abroad through Jinnah International airport for at least 18 times.
However, a local news channel in Pakistan has reported that Mullah Mansoor travelled to Dubai 9 times using the airport and once to Bahrain. Citing the travel history of Mullah Mansoor, the local Geo.tv reported Mullah Mansoor travelled between the three countries from 2006 to 2012. Muallah Mansoor first landed in Karachi via a private airline flight on the 12th of March 2006 from Dubai and approximately five months later caught a flight with the same airline to Dubai on the 23 August 2006 only to return on the 4th of October the same year, according to his travel history. He was among the prominent commanders of the group when he was travelling to the other countries and his flights have been reported to be in September of 2007, 3rd of October 2007, 11th January 2008, 23rd November 2008, 5th December 2008, 2nd January 2010, 24th January 2010. His last travelled has been reported to take place in 2012 when he caught a flight to Dubai on the 26th of January.
The records available show, pictures of Mullah Mansour aka Wali Muhammad taken at the immigration counter, as well as in the airport premises. Mullah Mansoor was killed in an airstrike carried out by the US forces in the vicinity of Balochistan province late on Saturday afternoon. The Afghan government confirmed that Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour has been killed in a US air strike in a remote border area between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Mansour assumed the leadership of the militant organization in July 2015 soon after the whistleblowers revealed that the Taliban’s spiritual leader, Mullah Omar, had actually died two years ago. Mansoor was born in 1965 in the southern province of Kandahar and served as civil aviation minister during the Taliban’s regime in Afghanistan. Without an iota of doubt, Mansoor was gradually tightening his control on the Taliban movement by attracting other leading Taliban members, including a son and a brother the deceased spiritual leader and by carrying massive attacks on Afghan security forces.
The fierce competition for the leadership of Taliban will be among Sarajuddin Haqqani, a close ally of Mullah Mansoor and a key commander of the Haqqani network, and Mullah Abdullah Rasool, the rival of Mullah Mansoor, who openly opposed Mullah Mansoor’s selection.
Sarajuddin Haqqani, who became one of two deputy Taliban commanders last year, has the highest chance of becoming the new leader of Taliban because he has been in charge of the day-to-day military operations of Taliban since last year and maintains close contacts with many senior Taliban commanders. On the other hand, Mullah Rasool’s chances of succeeding Mullah Mansoor is minimal to none since his Taliban faction has suffered some shocking battlefield defeats in southern Afghanistan at the hands of Mullah Mansoor. Mullah Omar’s son, Mullah Mohammad Yaqoob, and brother, Mullah Abdul Manan, who recently secured senior positions within the Taliban ranks could also be in the reckoning.
The faith of the peace talks will depend on who will replaces Mullah Mansoor and how the Taliban will manage to come under one command.
At least four civilians were killed and five others were wounded in an explosion in southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan, local officials said. The incident took place around 7 am local time in the vicinity of Shahwali Kot district targeting a vehicle of the civilians. Provincial governor’s spokesman Samim Khpolwak said a passenger mini van struck an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) planted by the militants. He said an investigation is underway regarding the incident and there are fears that the death toll would rise. No group including the Taliban militants has so far claimed responsibility behind the incident.
The Taliban insurgents and militants belonging to the other insurgent groups are frequently using Improvised Explosive Device (IED) as the weapon of their choice to target the security forces.
The IEDs are the main contributors to the casualties of the Afghan security forces but are also considered as a key factor in growing civilian casualties. At least 11 civilians belonging to a same family were killed in a similar attack in northern Baghlan province of Afghanistan last week. The Taliban shadow governor for southern Helmand province has been killed in airstrike in the restive Marjah district, local security officials said. The airstrike was carried out late on Sunday night targeting the Mullah Manan and his fighters in the vicinity of Marjah district. He said the airstrike was carried out as part of Khanjar operations which were launched six days ago in Marjah to suppress the insurgency activities of the Taliban militants. This comes as at least 8 militants were killed during an attack on the Taliban prison in Marjah district earlier. The Ministry of Defense said 7 militants were also arrested an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) manufacturing factory was destroyed along with a vehicle and two motorcycles belonging to the militants. At least 19 hostages were also released from the prison belonging to the Taliban militants during the raid, MoD added.
The US Ambassador to Pakistan was summoned in the Foreign Ministry of Pakistan for an airstrike that targeted the Taliban Chief Mullah Akhtar Mansoor. The statement also added that the Special Assistant to the Prime Minister also underlined that Pakistan and the United States had been closely coordinating in the fight against the menace of terrorism and that this cooperation needed to be maintained. The Taliban Chief Mullah Akhtar Mansoor was killed in an airstrike invlving US drones in Balochistan province of Afghanistan late on Saturday.
The attack on Mansoor was widely welcomed by the Afghan government and security institutions as well as the US officials who called the elimination of Mansoor a major achievement in fight against terrorism. The Taliban militants group in Afghanistan has said the death of its leader will not have any affect on the group’s insurgency. The group issued a statement following the confirmation of Mullah Akhtar Mansoor’s death in a US airstrike in Pakistan.
The statement said the campaign by the Taliban militants is not for a single person which would end or become weak by his death. The statement further added that the group’s insurgency is aimed at implementing Sharia in the country and there will be no affect in their fight even if Mullah Mansoor has been killed.
Admitting that the death of its leaders is a major harm to the group, the statement said their death will spark more revolution. The death of Mullah Akhtar Mansoor was officially confirmed by the US President Barack Obama, Afghan government, and Afghan security institutions. Obama said the death of Mansoor was an “important milestone” in efforts to bring peace to Afghanistan. The US President Barack Obama reaffirmed the United States support to strengthen the Afghan armed forces and the Afghan government. While the examples in this manual are principally focused at division and below, FM 7-0 provides the essential fundamentals for all individual, leader, and unit training. Every soldier, noncommissioned officer (NCO), warrant officer, and officer has one primary mission-to be trained and ready to fight and win our Nation's wars. We train the way we fight because our historical experiences show the direct correlation between realistic training and success on the battlefield. Over two centuries later, the correlation between tough, realistic training and success on the battlefield remains the same. These units trained to their wartime mission, and developed company grade officers, NCOs, and soldiers who knew their jobs and were confident they could act boldly and decisively. In an era of complex national security requirements, the Army's strategic responsibilities now embrace a wider range of missions that present even greater challenges in our training environment.
The operational missions of the Army include not only war, but also military operations other than war (MOOTW). Contingency operations in the 1990s normally followed a sequence of alert, train, deployment, extended build-up, and shaping operations followed by a period of decisive operations.
Units train to be ready for war based on the requirements of a precise and specific mission; in the process, they develop a foundation of combat skills, which can be refined based on the requirements of the assigned mission. Resources for training are not unconstrained and compete with other missions and activities. The key to winning on the battlefield is the understanding of "how we fight" and the demonstrated confidence, competence, and initiative of our soldiers and leaders. Responsibility for success on the future battlefield rests on the shoulders of today's Army leaders at all levels.
The purpose of joint training is to prepare the Army to execute missions as a part of a joint force in the conduct of joint military operations and across the full spectrum of conflict. Commanders of major Army headquarters may serve as the joint force land component commander (JFLCC), a combined forces commander (CFC), or as the joint task force commander (JTFC).
Joint training uses joint doctrine, tactics, techniques, and procedures, and the training involves more than one Service component.
Interagency training is based on applicable standard operating procedures; and, is designed to prepare the Army to operate in conjunction with government agencies. The Army training doctrine contained in this manual provides Army commanders the tools to develop experienced leaders and adaptive organizations prepared to exercise command and control of joint and multinational forces, and to provide interagency unity of effort. Training is a team effort and the entire Army-Department of the Army, major Army commands (MACOMs), the institutional training base, units, the combat training centers (CTC), each individual soldier and the civilian work force-has a role that contributes to force readiness. The Army Training and Leader Development Model (figure 1-1) centers on developing trained and ready units led by competent and confident leaders.
The importance of training the technical skills to develop competent soldiers and leaders must be directly linked to creating confident soldiers, leaders, and units with the will and warrior spirit to dominate in any environment. All of these interrelated activities take place within the Army's culture or shared set of beliefs, values, and assumptions that define for us what is most important.


Competent and confident leaders are a prerequisite to the successful training of ready units. Leader training is an expansion of these skills that qualifies them to lead other soldiers.
Leader development is the deliberate, continuous, sequential, and progressive process, grounded in Army values, that grows soldiers and civilians into competent and confident leaders capable of decisive action. The institutional Army (schools and training centers) is the foundation for lifelong learning. This training provides the basic skills, knowledge, and task proficiency to become a soldier and subsequently to succeed as members of a small Army unit, contribute to unit mission accomplishment, and survive on the battlefield. The unit commander is responsible for the wartime readiness of all elements in the formation. Key to effective unit training is the commander's involvement and presence in planning, preparing, executing, and assessing unit training to standard.
Unit training consists of three components: collective training that is derived directly from METL and MTPs, leader development that is embedded in the collective training tasks and in discrete individual leader focused training, and individual training that establishes, improves, and sustains individual soldier proficiency in tasks directly related to the unit METL. The goal of unit training is to develop and sustain the capability to deploy rapidly, and to fight and win as part of a combined arms team in a variety of operational and organizational environments.
Leader, individual soldier, and unit training and development continue during operational missions and major training events.
Major training events such as situational training exercises (STX), EXEVALs, and deployment exercises provide feedback to assist commanders in assessing the effectiveness of their leader, individual soldier, unit, and maintenance training programs.
The CTC Program, consisting of the National Training Center (NTC), Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC), Combat Maneuver Training Center (CMTC), Battle Command Training Program (BCTP), and other CTC-like training provides highly realistic and stressful joint and combined arms training based on current doctrine. Operational missions-whether they are combat operations, such as in Afghanistan, or stability operations, such as in Bosnia-continue training and leader development. Self-development is continuous and should be emphasized in both institutional and operational assignments. These commands, whether oriented along operational, functional, or specialty missions, have unique responsibilities for managing and supporting training.
The corps' and divisions' fundamental basis for organization and operations is combined arms operations.
Army training has one purpose-to produce competent, confident, adaptive soldiers, leaders and units, trained and ready to fight and win our Nation's battles. Commanders delegate authority to NCOs in the support channel as the primary trainers of individuals, crews, and small teams. NCOs continue the soldierization process of newly assigned enlisted soldiers, and begin their professional development. The Army provides a JFC with trained and ready forces that expand the command's range of military options in full spectrum operations.
The commander of the task-organized force must develop a training plan that addresses two complementary challenges. Functional proficiency requires expertise in a particular BOS function, its capabilities, and its requirements. Tough, realistic, and intellectually and physically challenging training excites and motivates soldiers and leaders.
Units become proficient in the performance of critical tasks and missions by practicing the tasks and missions. Commanders train and develop adaptive leaders and units, and prepare their subordinates to operate in positions of increased responsibility. Multiechelon training is the most effective and efficient way of sustaining proficiency on mission essential tasks with limited time and resources. Large-scale training events provide an excellent opportunity for valuable individual, leader, crew, and small unit training. Once individuals and units have trained to a required level of proficiency, leaders must structure individual and collective training plans to retrain critical tasks at the minimum frequency necessary to sustain proficiency. Sustainment training enables units to operate in a Band of Excellence (figure 2-4) through appropriate repetition of critical tasks. The senior leader's training vision provides the direction, purpose, and motivation necessary to prepare individuals and organizations to win in battle. Since good training results from leader involvement, one of the commander's principal roles in training is to teach subordinate trainers how to train and how to fight. Commanders must integrate and train to Army standard all BOS, within and supporting their command, on their selected mission essential tasks. Competent and confident leaders build cohesive organizations with a strong chain of command, high morale, and good discipline. The senior commander resources training and protects subordinate commanders' training time.
Commanders create a climate that rewards subordinates who are bold and innovative trainers.
The commander who has planned and resourced a training event is responsible to ensure participation by the maximum number of soldiers.
Guidance, based on wartime mission and priorities, flows from the top-down and results in subordinate units' identification of specific collective and individual tasks that support the higher unit's mission.
Senior leaders centralize planning to provide a consistent training focus from the top to the bottom of the organization.
Battle focus is a concept used to derive peacetime training requirements from assigned and anticipated missions. Every pilot should understand the basic concept of leadership because it is a personal quality that can profoundly influence flight safety. While it is difficult to quantify specifically which events were caused by poor leadership, it is not unreasonable to consider leadership as one of the causal factors in the 70 percent of accidents and incidents that are attributed to human factors. Some believe that leadership involves influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improve the organization.
The military, like most goal-oriented institutions, is values-based and emphasizes the need for an individual to set high standards, lead by example, do what is legally and morally right, and influence others to do the same.
In 2003, McKinsey & Company produced a study that summarizes the evolution of leadership theory.
They envision the future, creating an ideal and unique image of what the organization can become. They look for innovative ways to improve the organization or team’s performance; and, in doing so, they may experiment and take reasonable risks. They actively involve others and understand that mutual respect is needed to sustain extraordinary team efforts.
To keep hope and determination alive, leaders regularly recognize contributions made by their team members. Knowing one’s strengths and limits and their consequences: sureness about one’s self-worth and capabilities.
Being comfortable with and open to novel ideas and new information, flexible in handling change.
Aligning with goals of the group while maintaining readiness to act on opportunities, and maintaining persistence in pursuing goals despite obstacles and setbacks. Emotional maturity and credibility also play important roles in how well one provides leadership inside an organization. The figure illustrates the inter-dependencies among the elements that determine leadership and shows that while all elements are necessary, none alone is sufficient to ensure excellence. These form the basis for effective improvement through training, operational experience and self-development. Self-development is based on personal motivation, is performed continuously on a day-to-day basis and relies on the individual’s self-discipline. These opportunities allow leaders to broaden their knowledge and refine the skills they have learned from institutional training and previous assignments. September 2006, U.S Army Transformation Leadership, A study of core competencies for civilian leadership.
Sharif conveyed his concern over the airstrike during a meeting at Pakistan Army’s General Headquarters. David Hale was called in today by the Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs, Syed Tariq Fatemi, to express concern over the drone strike on Pakistani territory on Saturday, 21 May 2016,” a statement by the Foreign Affairs Ministry of Pakistan said. Shaheem said the Afghan civilians should not be harmed as a result of the capabilities of the Afghan commando forces but it should be enemies who should fear.
Shaheem pointed towards the state of the art equipment in custody of the Afghan special forces. Shaheem also hailed the Afghan security forces for their bravery and devotion in fight against terrorism.
The selection of a new Taliban leader will be disputed, with rival groups in the Taliban ranks lobbying for their own leader and Pakistan struggling to appoint their own man. Haqqani was also very instrumental in reconciling differences amongst Taliban commanders and bringing the spiritual leader’s family to the Taliban fold. Many of his key supporters died alongside many of his men in a battle with the Taliban’s main group. For now, the talks, which opened with a meeting on July 7, 2015 appeared to be off while the Taliban discussed their future. Farhan is an Afghan analyst and commentator on political and socio-economic affairs in Afghanistan. Agha Noor Kentoz said Muallah Manan was initially injured in the attack and later died of his wounds.
David Hale was called in today by the Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs, Syed Tariq Fatemi, to express concern over the drone strike on Pakistani territory on Saturday, 21 May 2016,” a statement by the Foreign Affairs Ministry of Pakistan said.
It is important to understand that leader training and leader development are integral parts of unit readiness. Army is its professional NCO Corps who take pride in being responsible for the individual training of soldiers, crews, and small teams. Joint interdependence from the individual, crew, and small team to the operational level requires training to develop experienced, adaptive leaders, soldiers, and organizations prepared to operate with joint, and multinational forces and to provide interagency unity of effort. Commanders have training responsibilities that encompass both BOS functional task proficiency and special staff officer combined arms task proficiency. In addition to safety consequences, poor leadership is likely responsible for many other weaknesses and inefficiencies in aviation operations that lead to poor performance and wasted money. Others believe a person with outstanding leadership possesses the human qualities required to make good judgments and decisions. Army has based its leadership training on what an individual must be (values and attributes), know (skills) and do (actions) to be a good leader.
When looking back (see Figure 2), one sees a succession of theories about what makes effective leadership, as well as a wide range of proposed leadership “styles” that describe how effective leaders operate. When appropriate, they set interim goals so that people can derive encouragement from small “victories” as they work toward larger objectives.
Through quiet persuasion, they enlist others into their dreams and get them to see exciting possibilities for the future.
Because they know that risk-taking involves an increased chance for mistakes, they accept any resulting disappointments as learning opportunities and also accept responsibility for their decisions.
Sensing what others require to develop their abilities by cultivating opportunities through diversity of people.
The leadership struggle is not only among the Taliban splinter groups but also with the Pakistani military establishment, who struggle to unify Taliban under one roof. Haqqani has been trying to reconcile splinter groups of Taliban who refused to accept Mansour’s leadership since last year and actively worked in integrating his militant group, known as the Haqqani Network. The Afghan government should get ready for fierce battle in coming months if Haqqani takes over Mullah Mansoor’s position.
In order to achieve good leadership, each pilot must understand both the elements of effective leadership and the consequences of poor leadership. Still others define leadership as a professional attitude or a personal aptitude similar to decision making.
It is important to note that the values, attributes, skills and actions put forward by the military (see Figure 1) are equally applicable in non-military settings.
In addition, Pakistan will most likely support Haqqani as he remains the most reliable partner of the Pakistani military establishment.  Evidence suggests that Pakistan continues to support the Haqqani network.
Haqqani, who has a $5 million US bounty on his head, has appeared as the most dangerous warlord among the Taliban insurgent groups.
Training for the warfight, training to maintain near-term readiness is the priority; compliance training and non-mission activities are of lower priority.
Finally, leadership can be defined as an outcome — if others willingly follow you, you are a leader. The hopes of peace talks may collapse and bloodshed may increase if Haqqani becomes the successor of Mullah Mansoor.
Special forces teams rode horses with their host nation counterparts-learning to call in tactical air support with devastating accuracy while on the move.
If training cannot be conducted, readiness reports are the vehicle to inform the Army's leadership of the risks being assumed. This approach acknowledges that the maneuver commander integrates and synchronizes the BOS. Commanders, at every echelon, focus combined arms training on specific integration and synchronization tasks based on their METL. They train leaders to plan training in detail, prepare for training thoroughly, execute training aggressively, and evaluate short-term training proficiency in terms of desired long-term results. Staffs quickly learned how to integrate Special Operations Forces (SOF) and conventional force operations. Engineer units cleared mine fields that were as old as many of their soldiers involved in the clearing process. Joint doctrine establishes the fundamentals of joint operations and provides guidance on how best to employ joint forces.



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