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Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3.
In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers.
Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters.
A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him. As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far. The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path. Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels.
As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs. As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her. This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river. Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings.
Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill. According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty. In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable.
My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream. But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for. Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door. Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go. When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for. But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins.
Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside!
Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms. The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times.
So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline? I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame.
But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam.
The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him.
A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible. I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera.
So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights. But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded? Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives. He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters. As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins. Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake. Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft. Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda).
This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps. Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts. Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence. After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago. Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995.
1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet. 2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993.
10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical. 34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995).
It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry.
40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife. 44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a.
49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?. 50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec.
Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies. In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4.
It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions.
My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door. Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder. So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands. Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone.
We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge. And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles. With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges.
Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars. Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook.
Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole.
The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures.
After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have?
Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step. I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis. Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken. Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs. It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec. So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration.
If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam! Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet. After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps. The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious. The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme. As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade! Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country!
When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled.
First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it.
They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself. No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding. After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off. When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures. But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him? The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again. If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit?
Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him. It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second.
Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas. We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff. When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark.
They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence.
It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated. One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive. The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed. I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another!
On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no. While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers. Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept. In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista. Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures. Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov. The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p. Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line. After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine. The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques.
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But it points clearly to a time when Goda€™s mercy will be withheld from those who have persistently rejected the authority of Heaven. Notice that the final issue involves a false allegiance to the beast power, so often referred to in Bible prophecy. Those who do not have the mark of the beast are described as obedient to those commandments, and the rest suffer the wrath of God.
At last, the majority of eartha€™s inhabitants will accept the authority of an antichrist counterfeit power, in disobedience to Goda€™s great ten commandment laws. The interest of multitudes has been destroyed by the influence of pastors who would not take seriously the solemn words of Johna€™s prophecy.
Soon one third of the heavenly host had joined the disaffection of Lucifer, and the great controversy was under waya€”a controversy that was to rage for over 6,000 years, and which would finally demand the decision of every living creature in heaven and on earth.
Here it will continue until it reaches a desperate climax in the division of eartha€™s multitudes for or against the commandments of God.
With devilish cunning, he has experimented with successive forms of warfare against God and His plan for this world. Please note that the beast of Revelation 13 symbolizes a gigantic antichrist power that attempts to displace God entirely.
Later in this same chapter, we read that this beast power will exercise so much influence over the earth, that it causes men to receive a mark in their foreheads or hands (Revelation 13:16).
We will not dwell on them at this point in detail, but let us remind ourselves again that this issue will involve eternal life or death for all. He has not the faintest idea about the beast or his mark, even though his destiny hinges upon the issue. The answer is found in verse 17, a€?These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth.a€? There it is.
These kingdoms are referred to often in Bible prophecy and are called by name in some related prophecies of Daniel. Although Daniel had seen living wild beasts like those portrayed in the first three prophetic symbols, he had never seen anything resembling the fourth terrible beast. The extension of its cruel domination of the earth has been well documented in the pages of ancient history.
Fierce tribes came sweeping down from the north country, and overwhelmed the territory of Western Europe, dividing it finally into ten parts. They were the Anglo-Saxons, Alemanni, Heruli, Vandals, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Suevi, Lombards, Burgundians and Franks.
This indicates that a human being would be at the head of the power represented by the little horn.
Jesus had forgiven a man his sins, and the scribes said, a€?Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? First of all, the papacy did arise in western Europe, at the very heart of the territory of the pagan Roman Empirea€”in Rome itself. The Vandals, Ostrogoths and Heruli were Arian powers that strongly opposed the rise of the Catholic Church. Everyone who has any knowledge of the Middle Ages is acquainted with the fact that millions of people were tortured and killed by the Catholic inquisitions. As far as the world was concerned, and by all outward appearance, the Catholic Church was dead.
We are now ready to identify that strange, composite animal described in the book of Revelation.
But that wound was to be healed, and finally the whole world would give its allegiance to the papacy again. At that time, the Pope was actually made king once more, and the Vatican City was set up as a political sovereign power. The incredible influence of the papacy in world affairs is attested to by the headlines in todaya€™s newspaper.
Where did she receive the authority to rule over the world for 1,260 years and to persecute so many millions of people for their faith?
Abraham had grown up right there in Mesopotamia, near the place where the great tower of Babel was attempted, and where the empire of Babylon developed.
Because Satan worked so closely through that nation to destroy Jesus, pagan Rome is represented by the same symbol in prophecy as the devil.
The Bishop of Rome, in the seat of the Caesars, was now the greatest man in the west, and was soon forced to become the political as well as the spiritual head.a€? The Rise of the Medieval Church, p.
Because a mark of the dragon power is to counterfeit and substitute, we will be able to see in this religio-political system t he operation of Satan at his infernal best. At that time, the day was adopted by the papacy and called the birth of the SON, instead of the birthday of the SUN. As you can readily see, the adoption of December 25 was based purely upon the heathen observance of the festival of sun worship. Even the symbols, the bunny rabbits and eggs, are retained as reminders of its pagan origin. If tradition and heathen custom have crept so easily into the church, what about other doctrines? May our eyes be opened to recognize these counterfeits and to remain loyal to the exact truth in its original form. We grant that it is possible for such a thing to be a mere happenstance if we had only this one mark of identity to lean upon. We have already learned that this power was to counterfeit many of the great truths of God. In Revelation 7:2, 3, we learn that the seal of God is placed in the forehead, just as the mark of the beast is set in the forehead. It must contain the name of the authority, the office or title of the authority, and the territory over which he has power.
The Ten Commandments, containing the seal of God, are set up in competition with the mark of the beast.


Their sacred day was the first day of the week, which they named Sun-Day in honor of the sun god. William Frederick states the same historical truth: a€?The Gentiles were an idolatrous people who worshipped the sun, and Sunday was their most sacred day. The Church, using the power of binding and loosing which Christ gave to the Pope, changed the Lorda€™s day to Sunday.a€? Page 243. Stephen Keenana€™s A Doctrinal Catechism has this to say: a€?Questiona€”Have you any other way of proving that the Church has power to institute festivals of precept? 179, makes this startling admission: a€?If the Bible is the only guide for the Christian, then the Seventh-day Adventist is right in observing the Saturday with the Jew. And it not only compelled all to keep Sunday, but also urged all persons to labor on the seventh day under pain of anathema. The sign, or seal, of Goda€™s authority (Sabbath) is displaced by the papal institution of a substitute mark (Sunday) that she claims as her authority. Yes, of course, it is inconsistent; but this change was made about fifteen centuries before Protestantism was born, and by that time, the custom was universally observed.
Then, the true Sabbath and the counterfeit (Sunday) will be so revealed that no one can escape a decisiona€”a decision to keep the true Sabbath with mind and hand, or to submit to the counterfeit Sabbath of the papacy.
Certainly there is no spot on earth where freedom is so fully enjoyed as in our own United States. The Pilgrim Fathers, to escape the religious persecutions of the papacy, fled to the New World of America where they could follow their conscience in worship. Since the first beast (papacy) received its wound in 1798 when General Berthier took the Pope captive, we should look for the second beast to be coming up at that time. It came up peacefully, like a lamb, and the absence of crowns reveals that there were no kings at the head. It came up peacefully, democratically, and established itself upon the two great principles of Protestantism and republicanism. It may seem incredible to us as we read these things today that the United States would ever be persuaded to enact religious laws, and try to force people to worship a certain way, but prophecy has never failed. This opens the way for all the present confused, contradictory local state laws to be replaced by a national law that will standardize the enforcement of Sunday all over America. Those who refuse to accept the false day of worship will face fines, boycott, prison and finally, the threat of death. 18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2.
Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting.
The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world.
Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness. In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren. Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals. I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch!
By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being. A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary.
We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself.
Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them.
So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr. He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut!
After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)? At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries.
But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism. I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah.
We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall!
Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw.
After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows.
For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict.
Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet.
And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets. Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives.
Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP. Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual.
Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him.
In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide.
If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance.
My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset.
We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague.
Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd. The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes.
I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank! From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear. By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley! If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands! And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders. As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance. The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia.
Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage.
Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it. 1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him). These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe.
In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets. The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels.
It will be an unparalleled performance on the part of God in His relationship to the human family. At last, the world shall stand divided into two great camps: those who worship the true God, and those who worship the beast of Revelation 13.
Often it is dismissed as a confused, insignificant letter, applying only to a local problem in the early church. The story of that beautiful angel who coveted the position of God Himself is revealed through a number of Old Testament prophetic writings. Just as the rebellion began by disloyalty to the authority of God, so it will end by a defiance of His authority as vested in the law of His government.
Through various insidious approaches, he has continued his efforts to overthrow the authority of God. Finally, those who have the mark will suffer the terrible wrath of God as described in Revelation 14:9, 10. How earnestly should we seek to understand who the beast represents and how we might avoid that mark!
In order to understand the beast we must go back to the Old Testament book of Daniel and compare Scripture with Scripture. Here we have represented that grand empire of Babylon, so well symbolized by the king of beasts. The three ribs probably symbolize the three provinces of that kingdoma€”Babylon, Lydia, and Egypt.
But this powerful nation was also to be divided, as verse twenty-four indicates, a€?And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise.a€? Please notice that this is Goda€™s interpretation of the ten horns on this animal.
Seven of those tribes are still in existence to this very day, having grown into modem nations. We dare not guess or speculate concerning the historical identity of this a€?little horna€? of prophecy. The eighth mark is also given in verse twenty-five, a€?and think to change times and laws.a€? Apparently, in its bitter opposition to the God of Heaven, in speaking great words against Him, this power also seeks to change the great law of God. In other words, God closes every other option, and forces us to the only possible conclusion: the Catholic Church alone fulfills all the points of identity established in Daniel 7.
It was a religio-political system quite unlike anything that had been seen in the world before that time. We need only to be reminded that the Catholic Church has ever attributed to itself the power to forgive sins. From a book written by a Catholic cardinal, which also bears the sanction of the Church, we read, a€?The Catholic Church a€¦ has a horror of blood. Please note this: the Catholic Church has removed the second commandment from her doctrinal books and catechism, because it condemns the worship of images.
After exactly 1,260 years, in fulfillment of the prophecy, she lost her control of the world. Let us read the description of that beast once more, which has the body of a leopard, the feet of a bear, and the mouth of a lion. From that day to this, the strength of the papacy has been advancing with tremendous strides. Almost every utterance of the pope is published to the ends of the earth, and millions and millions of people look to the papal power as the greatest influence in politics today. When he was cast out of heaven, there were only two people on the earth, and they represented the entire world.
In Jeremiah 6:2 we read, a€?I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate woman.a€? Who is Zion? Cain was on the dragona€™s side and wanted to substitute his own way instead of the way God had commanded him. The dragona€™s followers concentrated in Babel and tried to defy God by building a great tower that was to reach up to heaven. Remember, the prophecy spoke of enmity between the seed of the woman and the seed of the dragon. Thousands and thousands of Christians were martyred under the terrible persecutions of the cruel Roman emperors. So what he could not do through force, the dragon would now attempt by strategy and deception. It is very significant that the beast is actually made up of parts of the lion, the leopard, the bear and the nondescript animal of Daniel 7.
Just as was the case with Cain, substitutes were fashioned to meet the commandments of God.
Please take note how easily a pagan institution can slip into Christian churches and can even be passed along in Protestantism.
That day was dedicated to Ishtar, the goddess of reproduction, because of the new life and growth in nature. Those pagans chose the rabbit as a symbol of Ishtara€™s day because it was the most prolific reproducer. These examples have been presented merely to show how easily the devil was able to impose pagan ideas upon that church. The ancient method of deriving the number of a name is to take the numerical value of all letters and add them up to get the sum. But in the weekly Catholic newspaper, Our Sunday Visitor, of April 1915, we have the interesting statement that the letters of the official title are inscribed in the popea€™s miter. By getting the numerical value of the Roman numerals of the title Vicarius Filii Dei, we actually come to a definite number 666.
But the fact is that this is the tenth of a long list of characteristic marks that the Bible uses to identify the beast power. It was a combination of pagan ideas with Christian doctrine which formed a conglomeration of confusion, well designated as a€?Babylona€? in the Scripture. The seal of Americaa€™s president contains the following words: Bill Clinton, President, United States of America.
Romans 4:11 reveals that a€?seala€? and a€?signa€? are the very same thing, being used interchangeably in the Scripture. Now, in order to reach the people in this new field, it seems but natural, as well as necessary, to make Sunday the rest day of the Church. The next several quotations are taken from well-known Catholic authorities that express clearly the claims of the papacy on the attempted change. Protestants a€¦ profess great reverence for the Bible, and yet by their solemn act of keeping Sunday, they acknowledge the power of the Catholic Church.
They have continued the custom, even though it rests upon the authority of the Catholic Church and not upon an explicit text in the Bible. At that time, when the issues stand clearly revealed, individuals will accept the seal of God or the mark of the beast. In the next chapter you will learn the identity of the nation which will influence the world to accept the counterfeit Sabbath, and which will seek to enforce that mark of loyalty to the papacy. Please note that Wesley was looking for a nation to be rising within a very short time that would meet the description of the prophecy.
And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.a€? In other words, the time would come when the United States would change its peaceful, democratic tone. With the incredible strides being taken toward federal control of individual freedoms, this step to regulate the day of worship will not seem so drastic when it actually does take place. When the Sabbath question is thus made a national issue, people will be forced to accept one side or the other. You cannot shrug off the implications of this revelation concerning obedience to the Sabbath commandment. While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away. As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies. Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren. A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves. It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business. Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces. My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive! She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence.
Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone. That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam! Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil. After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony. With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda. Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace. I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly. In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first! Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively.
After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy.
Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself. But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves. No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free.
Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing. These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding. As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings.
But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend. La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter. In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr.
Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world. For almost 6,000 years, His punishing judgments upon the most wicked men have been tempered with mercy. The Bible makes it very clear that life or death revolves around the final decision concerning the beast of Revelation 13.
For some reason the book called Revelation is counted a sealed book, instead of the obviously revealed truth that its name implies.
Isaiah says in reference to this glorious being: a€?How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! The purpose of this booklet is to expose the massive assaults that have been made, and are being made, by Satan against the foundations of truth. And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority. In the second chapter of Daniel the same four world kingdoms are symbolized by four metals in the great statue of Nebuchadnezzara€™s dream. We must not make the mistake of falsely identifying the little horn power, because it will prove to be the great antichrist power of history. This means that the little horn would be a different kind of power from those purely political kingdoms that preceded it. Instead of saying, a€?a time, times, and half a time,a€? it says, a€?a thousand two hundred and threescore days.a€? Thus we see that the two periods of time are exactly the same. Nevertheless when confronted by heresy a€¦ she has recourse to force, to corporal punishment, to torture.


Remember, that we have noted how the papacy began its reign, by order of Justinian, in 538 A.D.
Yes, the wound has certainly been healed, and the world continues to follow after the beast. By deceiving Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, Satan led all the world astray and came into temporary possession of the earth.
The plan failed, of course, and that site of the tower of Babel later became Babylon, which in 606 B.C.
It was a blasphemous idolatry, filled with immoralities, licentious ceremonies and degrading rites.
And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns a€¦ and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.
Goda€™s illustrative depiction of the papacy reveals that she was made up of parts from all those old pagan kingdoms.
How clearly these statements show that the papacy received her seat and power from pagan Rome! All Christian groups recognize that Easter Sunday is often as much as five weeks apart from one year to the next. The very word Easter has been transliterated from the name of the goddess Ishtar, whose worship was memorialized by the adoption of Easter. As the papacy developed, it was open to the reception of unbiblical customs that marked it clearly as the real counterfeit power described by God in Revelation 13.
We do not have any commandments concerning the observing of Christa€™s resurrection or His birth.
So far in our study, we have described nine identifying marks of the beast power and its application to the papacy.
If we want to apply this test to the papacy, we must find the official name of the pope, who is the head of his church. It only adds weight and strength to that which has already been said in making the application to the papal power. When that seal is placed upon a law or an official document, it shows that the presidenta€™s authority is supporting that declaration. In other words, the Sabbath is the seal of Goda€”the mark of the only one who can create and who is authorized to rule the earth. It appeared more convenient to let the pagans keep their own day of worship on Sunday and ask the Christians to join them in it.
At this time, it was necessary for the Church to either adopt the Gentilesa€™ day or else have the Gentiles change their day.
13, 1955 edition, states: a€?The Bible does not contain all the teachings of the Catholic religion, nor does it formulate all the duties of its members. The book of Revelation describes a final edict of this eartha€™s governments that will actually seek to enforce the mark upon all the world.
Secondly, this second beast would come up a€?out of the earth.a€? This is in contrast to the first that rose out of the water.
The United States of America was the only nation a€?coming upa€? to power in 1798, as the first beast received its deadly wound.
Under some influence, it would begin to compel worship, a€?saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.
Church and state will be united enough to enforce religious laws and will thus closely resemble the papal system.
Based on Goda€™s Word we have shown it to be the counterfeit Sabbath set up by the beast power.
All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it.
I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art. The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed. I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority.
Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO. About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam. These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths.
If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job).
Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him.
I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs. I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever.
The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward. There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories. Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics.
After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round.
But now the measure of rebellion reaches a point which makes it necessary for God to intervene and to expose the terrible extent of mana€™s treason against Goda€™s government.
The confederation of evil will consolidate for a desperate last-ditch struggle to engage the loyalty of eartha€™s inhabitants. No one ever saw a creature with the body of a leopard, the mouth of a lion, and the feet of a bear. Just as we have the American eagle and the Russian bear in our modem political vocabulary, God used animals long, long ago to represent countries also. Any schoolboy who has studied his lessons carefully in ancient history will know that Greece arose as the next world ruler.
But for a man to make such claims would constitute blasphemy, according to the Biblea€™s own definition.
By comparing these Scriptures, we understand that a time is a year in Bible prophecy, times is two years, and half a time is half a year.
This means, then, that the little horn power would rule for 1,260 years, instead of merely 1,260 days. Lucii Ferraris, contained in the book Prompta Bibliotheca Canonica Juridica Moralis Theologica.
Notice, please, that this beast is doing exactly the same thing as the little horn of Daniel.
This is Goda€™s graphic illustration of the papal power, as it came up to exercise arbitrary authority over the earth for 1,260 years. The great controversy between good and evil, which had started in heaven, was now transferred to this planet.
Do you remember how God told each one of them to bring a lamb, but Cain substituted fruit or vegetables for that which God had commanded as a sacrifice? But soon the dragona€™s followers quarreled among themselves, and Medo-Persia came into power. The masterstroke of Satan to destroy Jesus on the cross was foiled on that Sunday morning when the Crucified One broke the bonds of death in the resurrection.
He would bring in pagan doctrines and philosophy from the old empires of Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome and combine them with Christian teaching. A whole set of counterfeit doctrines was added so that the papacy could gain prestige with the pagan peoples of that age. The pagans worshiped the sun, and they noticed that in December, the days were becoming shorter and shorter and the sun was getting farther away from them. If this is the number of a man, it would naturally be the man who is the head of the organization. It is the capstone proof in conjunction with all the other marks laid down so clearly in the Scripture. Now we ask, a€?What is the seal?a€? If we can establish this point, it will help us to identify the mark.
The three requisites of a seal will be found only in the one that includes name, title and territory of God.
And to make His law authoritative, He has placed the seal in it, showing that He stands behind every single commandment in that law. Constantine professed conversion to Christianity and opened the doors of the church to all his heathen followers.
Take, for instance, the matter of Sunday observance, attendance at divine service, and abstention from unnecessary servile work on that day.
Thomas, Chancellor of Cardinal Gibbons, in answer to a letter regarding the change of the Sabbath: a€?Of course the Catholic Church claims that the change was her act. When we understand the issues we must make a tremendous decision either to keep the true Sabbath and recognize Goda€™s authority, or to take the false Sabbath and recognize the Catholic Churcha€™s claims.
106, 107, says: a€?It is quite clear that however rigidly or devotedly we may spend Sunday, we are not keeping the Sabbath. The reason we observe the first day instead of the seventh is based on no positive command. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.a€? Then immediately John saw a second beast in vision that he describes in the next verse. And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. The keeping of Sunday instead of the Bible Sabbath is claimed as a mark of allegiance to the Catholic Church by her own priests and leaders. The mark of the beast will then be placed upon all who choose to disobey the commandment of God to keep the Sabbath day holy. As the test becomes more severe, every individual must choose to obey God or man, to follow the commandments of God or tradition, to keep the true Sabbath or the counterfeit, to receive the seal of God, or the mark of the beast. And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north!
So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought. If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables. So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader.
From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking.
Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced. And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw? Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes. Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter.
Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994).
But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p. And they worshipped the dragon that gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? Once the symbol is interpreted in any prophecy, the rule will apply in every other prophecy. Then, to be more explicit, God added this in verse 23, a€?The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth.a€? If the fourth animal represented the fourth empire of history, then the first three would have to represent the first three empires. Alexander the Great came marching from the west, laying the world at his feet in a very short time. In that very year the French general, Berthier, marched his armies into Rome and pulled the Pope off his throne.
Verse five continues, a€?And power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.a€? How long is forty-two months? A pure woman stands for the true church, but a fallen woman symbolizes a false religious system. Forty days later, He was caught up to heaven in perfect fulfillment of the words of the prophecy. According to Revelation 13:2, the dragon gave the beast his power and seat and great authority.
Pagan idols were left at the door, but idols of Peter, Mary and the saints took their place.
In the next chapter we shall discover, though, that other pagan doctrines were introduced which strike at the very heart of true Bible religion.
Hence, to the Bishop of Rome as head of the church, was given the title, a€?Vicar of Christ.a€™a€? At present, the popea€™s miter does not contain the Latin title, but the words are incorporated into the coronation ceremonies of each newly crowned pope.
The Church could naturally reach them better by keeping their day.a€? Sunday and Christian Sabbath, pp.
One will search the Scriptures in vain for authority for changing from the seventh day to the first. The second beast, coming out of the earth, would depict a nation rising in some area of the world where there were no previous civilizations and multitudes. By accepting the mark of allegiance to the papacy (Sunday), they reject the mark that God claims as His sign of authoritya€”the seventh-day Sabbath. Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard. When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections. In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair. Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again! Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate. At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking. Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994). Obedience to God or to Satan, as manifested through the beast power, will be the only alternatives open to man.
You cana€™t really know who the beast is.a€? Listen, will God warn us about the fearful danger of this beasta€”a danger so deadly that it will mean life or deatha€”and then tell us it is impossible to know what it is?
And sure enough, Babylon arose very quickly to take its place as a ruler of the entire world.
Listen to these claims: a€?The Pope is of so great dignity, and so exalted, that he is not a mere man, but as it were God and the Vicar of God. There has been only one man-child who was destined to rule all nations and who was finally caught up to Goda€™s throne.
We have learned that the dragon actually symbolizes the pagan Roman Empire, as well as the devil himself.
Then on December 25, for the first time, they could tell that the sun was coming back closer; the days were beginning to lengthen out again. In sharp contrast to Christianity, Mithraism recognized Caesar e as the bearer of the divine Grace, and its votaries filled the legions and the civil service.
Hiscox, the author of the Baptist Manual: a€?There was and is a commandment to keep holy the Sabbath day, but that Sabbath day was not Sunday. The early Christians began to worship on the first day of the week because Jesus rose from the dead on that day.
Historians record that there was something wonderful and providential about the rise of this country. That is exactly what is predicted, and it is also exactly what is shaping up right now in American politics.
Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table! Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap. Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p.
And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. Would He say to us, a€?You will be cast into the fire if you have the mark, but Ia€™m not going to tell you what it isa€”ita€™s just too bad if you have ita€??
And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.a€? He saw the prophetic water just as John did, but Daniel saw four beasts arising instead of only one. Within eight years, he had completely subjugated the world and sat down to weep because there were no more worlds to conquer.
The Pope is, as it were, God on earth, chief king of kings, having plenitude of power.a€? Volume VI, pp. So these people said, a€?The sun is reborn to us.a€? They called December 25 the birthday of the sun or sun god.
We know of the change only from the tradition of the Churcha€”a fact handed down to us from earliest times by the living voice of the Church. But the Catholic Church appears and says in effect, a€?No, dona€™t keep the Sabbath; keep the first day of the week. It will be said, however, and with some show of triumph, that the Sabbath was transferred from the seventh to the first day of the week. Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.
But he could not conquer himself; he died as a young man of thirty-three at the height of his power. I checked the stairwell, I saw from outside - no light - nobody there - it was jut a few minutes past midnight. Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats. At his death the kingdom was divided among his four leading generals: Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s. It serves as its own divine commentary and provides the key for understanding the prophecies. But what a pity that it comes branded with the mark of paganism, and christened with the name of the sun god, when adopted and sanctioned by the papal apostasy, and bequeathed as a sacred legacy to Protestantism!a€? (From a paper read before a New York ministersa€™ conference held November 13, 1893.) This great Baptist leader condenses into a few sentences all that has been said in the pages of this booklet. This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods. Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary. Again - again - again - ten times, every five minutes, somebody knocked violently on the door - and there was nobody outside the door, or in the stairwell.
Finally, I had a look out of my kitchen window - and there he was, the Small Red Hat Woddpecker - hungry, violently knocking his hungry beak in to an old rotten tree - just outside the window - and the sound was EXACTLY the same as somebody knocking firmly on my door. PUUUUUUUUUUUUUH - I was not mad, it was NOT a ghost - it was just a small innocent hungry woodpecker eating his night-food! My mouth was still dry as gun powder, my hands were still shaking - it took a while to cool down - PUUUUUH - I have FOR SURE never been so scared and terrified all my life! So - I decided to call the sweet little woodpecker Hitchkock - have a look - here comes Mister Hitchkock again - isn't he sweet?
An old lady wood - or would positively have died from heart attack at once - and ended up in a wooden woodpecker coffin made of wood - maybe that's why we do not see so many old ladies on the streets in Santiago and the rest of Alentejo - Mister Hitchkock has positively scared the death out them all already - woodpeckers use to move around. AND - IF YOU WANT TO GET RID OF YOUR WIFE, YOUR NEIGHBOURS, YOUR DENTIST, YOUR MOTHER IN LAW OR THE ENTIRE RED ARMY FROM STALINGRAD - USE THE WOODPECKER METHOD, THE BEST AND MOST EFFECTIVE BIOLOGICAL WEAPON IN THE WORLD - but please protect your ears with some cotton, even a heavy matal industry, a loud rock orchester or a global thermonuclear war is much more silent then a woodpecker.
And in a forest - the red army will positively think it is a very heavy machine gun, and run all the way back home to Moscow again! After I died in the ambulance (heart dead, no EKG, no EEG, did not breath, temporarily brain dead 8 min) I woke up at another place.
Black, silent, peaceful, beautiful - the most beautiful black color I had seen - there was nothing but me, or my soul - I was like an astronaute with no body in a universe with no stars. After, I wished I could tell the world what was over there - but nobody would believe me anyway, it would be no use to phone CNN, ABC, CBS, NBC, New York Times and The Voice of America and thell - they would just laugh.A That place was not in my brain - my brain was dead, and a lot of strong waste electricity from the hearth starter was chocking through my dead brain for 8 minutes - enough to make a memory loss, it took me over a year to recover.A Three years later I find exactly the same place - in The Book Of Mormon!
Nachdem ich starb im Krankenwagen (Herz tot, kein EKG, EEG nicht, nicht den Atem,vorA?bergehend hirntot 8 min) wachte ich an einem anderen Ort.



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