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Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Have you ever been in a group where someone took control of the situation by conveying a clear vision of the group's goals, a marked passion for the work, and an ability to make the rest of the group feel recharged and energized? Now that you have a better understanding of what social psychology is (see previous article: What is Social Psychology?), we are going to look at some of the major topics that social psychologists investigate in their research. Classical conditioning is a type of learning that had a major influence on the school of thought in psychology known as behaviorism.
Behavioral Theories of Leadership Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from non leaders. Researchers began to wonder if there was something unique in the way that effective leaders behave. Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. Teams, team members, departments and all staff alike feel as though they are a part of the decision making during change. Do certain personality traits make people better-suited to leadership roles, or do characteristics of the situation make it more likely that certain people will take charge? Answer: Laissez-faire leadership, also known as delegative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make the decisions. Find resources on the study of leadership, information on different leadership theories, and quizzes about your own leadership style. Many of these topics are related to social influence, social perception and social interaction. Answer: Democratic leadership, also known as participative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision-making process. Operant conditioning (sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning) is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Answer: Autocratic leadership, also known as authoritarian leadership, is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. Discovered by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus.
This quote sums up the basic tenant of the great man theory of leadership, which suggests that the capacity for leadership is inborn. Open communication between leaders, team members and staff are utilized with this approach. When we look at the leaders around us a€“ be it our employer or the President a€“ we might find ourselves wondering exactly why these individuals excel in such positions. Researchers have found that this is generally the leadership style that leads to the lowest productivity among group members.
Transformational LeadershipTransformational leadership is a type of leadership style that leads to positive changes in those who follow. Transformational leadership is a type of leadership style that can inspire positive changes in those who follow.


Researchers have found that this learning style is usually one of the most effective and lead to higher productivity, better contributions from group members, and increased group morale.
Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior.
Behaviorism is based on the assumption that learning occurs through interactions with the environment. People have long been interested in leadership throughout human history, but it has only been relatively recently that a number of formal leadership theories have emerged. Two other assumptions of this theory are that the environment shapes behavior and that taking internal mental states such as thoughts, feelings, and emotions into consideration is useless in explaining behavior. This approach is one I use often, in order to gain the respect of others you need to value them and their thoughts as well. It's important to note that classical conditioning involves placing a neutral signal before a naturally occurring reflex. History of the Great Man Theory of Leadership The great man theory of leadership became popular during the 19th-century. Culture Org Team Self The culture of the organization suggests that they look for the right person to get the job done. Early leadership theories focused on what qualities distinguished between leaders and followers, while subsequent theories looked at other variables such as situational factors and skill levels.
I am able to communicate the positive and the negatives about implementing new technologies. Hiring and assigning the right leader for the job is important to the success of accomplishing organizational goals.
While many different leadership theories have emerged, most can be classified as one of eight major types: 1.
Team member will have the opportunities to see if they have the traits and skills of becoming a higher ranking leader. Some suggest that this approach treats leadership as a personality trait rather that a behavior. As I learn about my traits and associated skills, it is important that I apply the to the vision or task at hand. Know when and where to change or utilize I believe that traits and personality have much to do with a leaders ability to lead, and also feel that understanding oneself will help when employing other leadership theories. Transformational leadership theory provides a broader view of leadership, it places a strong emphasis on followers needs, values, and morals. Although there are perks to understanding one’s traits, how does it measure up to understanding the situation or task at hand.
Transformational Theory Culture Org Team Self The culture of the organization seems to be accommodating and supporting, they don’t set their employees up for failure. Trait approach gives us the ability to understand traits about leaders, if they obtain qualities like intelligence, self-confidence, determination, integrity, and sociability.


This approach looks at the task at hand and produces the qualified resources to accommodate it. In general the team will have a feeling that everyone has a part and is contributing to the assigned mission. Trait Approach The organization will benefit from Organizational goals can be accomplished because as unique as each goal may be, so should its approach. Team motivation can be developed when all team members feel successful and are good at there task.
Team members will gradually understand when different styles of leadership are applied and what they mean. In order for this approach to be most successful, I must conduct a task analysis in order to be sure that all of the events necessary to produce have been accounted for prior to setting up the team members.
The situational approach has flexibility and allows leaders to place individuals into a workflow where they will accomplish the most, or be most productive.
In order to be successful it would be important to look at the group of members involved, the deadlines needed to adhere to and the actual task at hand.
Situational leadership has been criticized for several reasons, one the lack of evidence in its reliability.
Style approach has good qualities, and it is important to understand you type of leadership styles, I have often looked back at a situation the needed a direct and quick action to be taken. Style approach helps leaders distinguish when they need to be task orientated and when the need to be relationship orientated. Situational Theory The culture of the organization when using the path-goal theory suggests that motivation of employees is a strategic direction, and is a used as a method for production.
What is the task and who is best fit to complete it, or what needs to be done and how to approach it.
Teams are strong because they know what the goal is and have a clear roadmap to accomplish the mission. In order to employ this approach effectively, it would be helpful to create a questionnaire for staff, in order to uncover some of their motivators.
Although in an attempt to clearly visualize the vision, I sometimes get caught up in the overall progress and save little time to consider the individual. Although there are several positive aspects of Path-Goal Theory, it fails to explain the different roles of leaders and managers.
Firstly, this theory attempts to incorporate the motivation principles of the expectancy theory and second its model is practical and easy to use.



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