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Kindergarten to College has achieved its goal of reaching all elementary schools in the San Francisco Unified School District. This year, Citi Microfinance and the Citi Foundation partnered to drive a discussion on agricultural value chain finance through a panel titled "From Farm to Plate" (check out this blog post for one attendee's take). Citi Community Development was proud to support the 38th Annual Lunar New Year Banquet of its long-time community partner, Asian Americans for Equality (AAFE.) Citi Foundation has supported the work of AAFE's affiliate, Renaissance Economic Development Corporation, a CDFI and technical assistance provider focused on low-income, minority and women-owned businesses in low-income immigrant neighborhoods. CurrenC SF is a partnership between the San Francisco Office of Financial Empowerment, the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce, and the United Way of the Bay Area, with generous support from Citi Community Development, Visa and the Levi Strauss Foundation.
For employers, moving to direct deposit and paperless pay can lower payroll processing costs by up to 90 percent, and eliminates the headache of lost and stolen checks. CurrenC SF is an extension of the City's pioneering program Bank on San Francisco, which has provided over 72,000 bank accounts to low-income San Franciscans and spread to more than 100 cities across the country. More than 67,000 households in San Francisco are paid with paper checks, including 68 percent of low-income workers. Several CurrenC SF Employer Champions including Recology, Blue Shield of California, William Watlington Foods, Walgreens, Rickshaw Bagworks, Bi-Rite Market and Goodwill Industries were recognized for their leadership in financial empowerment efforts and participated in the launch. The CurrenC SF website provides resources to help employers initiate or expand direct deposit in their organizations. As Black History Month draws to a close, I am mindful of how fortunate I am to work for two organizations that are strongly committed to the twin, complementary goals of diversity and empowerment.
Similarly, New York City Mission Society, for which I am Chair of the Board of Directors, promotes the positive development of underserved young people and families in order to strengthen communities and, as a consequence, our city's diversity. As it turns out, both Citi and New York City Mission Society are celebrating 200 years of service in 2012. Citi's commitment to diversity spans the organization a€” particularly through the activities of Citi's Employee Networks a€” and the calendar, with events and activities highlighting the months that have been formally designated to celebrate the culture, history and contributions of various communities.
Across the country, Citi's African Heritage Networks (AHN) provide a wide range of educational, cultural and fellowship-building opportunities during African American History Month. Ellen Stafford, who has been with Citi in Irving, Texas for a little over four years, got involved with the Dallas-Fort Worth AHN as Communications Chair this year. As Executive Recruiter for North America, Ellen is very aware that Citi provides an even playing field on which qualified applicants, both within and outside Citi, can compete.
Ellen is shifting her recruiting focus from IT to sustaining Citi's overall culture of diversity. More broadly, Ellen would like to see an increase in positive, healthy messages in popular culture, particularly for children, and a continued and strong policy focus on education. Annette Griffin of Baltimore agrees about the importance of education and how helpful it can be to have a mentor, as she did.
Annette is a Senior HR Generalist and supports employees in Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania.
In Columbus, Ohio, Jenine Johnson of Securities Processing notes that Citi has had a major impact on diversity in her metropolitan area, thanks in particular to the leadership of the Columbus Office Director Mark Bjorstrom. Jenine has taken an active role herself in expanding diversity, including introducing Citi's African Heritage Network in Columbus.
Jenine strongly values African American History Month and all the diversity months that Citi celebrates. Willie Henry Jr., of Citi's Graduate Recruitment Team in Jacksonville, Florida, is co-chair of the AHN there.
Willie draws inspiration from football legend Jerry Rice a€” "who showed that, with the right tools and hard work, you can compete with anyone even without traditional stamps of status" a€” and from his own brother-in-law, who moved up the ranks at one of the country's largest retailers. On July 17, 2009, a national consortium of non-profit affordable housing developers submitted an application to the U.S. CPLC has organized this coalition in partnership with National Association for Latino Community Asset Builders (NALCAB). Listen to Jason Ott's experiences with the San Miguel Cristo Rey Corporate Internship Program. Citi volunteers will contribute about 150 service hours at local VITA sites this tax season. Volunteers also will be out in force at Tucson's 2011 Money Faire on April 2 to help the United Way of Tuscon and Southern Arizona's mobile VITA team prepare tax returns for free. Citi has partnered with United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona to transform and expand a successful, six-year financial education program called Citi Youth into a dynamic and holistic family financial capability center, called the Prosperity Center. Imagine teaching a young person about how to find available college scholarships and then helping his parents complete the standard financial education application form. With the Prosperity Center, Citi has partnered with United Way (UW) of Tucson and Southern Arizona to transform and expand a successful, six-year financial education program called Citi Youth into a dynamic and holistic family financial capability center. The Prosperity Center offers financial education classes from 3-6pm, when students typically participate in after-school programs, and will remain open until at least 7pm so that adults (including those who don't have children at the host school) also can participate in workshops and avail themselves of the Center's other asset-building services. The Citi Youth financial education program, now in its sixth year, teaches basic financial concepts to youth aged 5-16 and also offers "train-the-trainer" sessions for financial education teachers. Citi Community Development has partnered with the USC-operated MBDA Business Center in Los Angeles, the City of Los Angeles Mayor's Office of Economic & Business Policy, the Southern California Minority Business Development Council, SBA SCORE, and three ethnic minority chambers to launch the Bridges to Business Success (B2BS) Program to provide an advanced business training program focused on building the capacity of minority small business owners in Southern California.
With a lending commitment of more than $100 million, Citi is helping to revitalize the Bayview district of San Francisco.
AnewAmerica Community Corporation's Green Business Certificate program" part of its comprehensive, three-year Virtual Business Incubator model" educates and encourages budding, low-income entrepreneurs to adopt green, sustainable business practices. Since the Green Business Certificate program began in 2008, 270 people have received intensive training in green business practices and 80 have achieved green business certification. In California's Central Valley, Citi has invested more than $28,000 to support four EITC sites. In 2010, with Citi's support, local VITA sites helped bring over $14.9 million in tax refunds back to more than 11,000 low- and moderate-income clients and their local communities. The Citi Foundation supports the Financial Literacy and Asset Development Program, a ten-week course that teaches concepts and skills for saving money, using credit and practicing sound money management. Participants spend twenty hours in classroom sessions and receive individualized guidance in creating personalized money management plans and analyzing their credit scores with the goal of repairing damaged credit.
In California, Cabrillo Economic Development Corporation is making affordable housing available and sustainable. In 2009, the Citi Foundation provided a grant to Cal State University Northridge (CSUN) Student Outreach and Recruitment Services to support its College Can Happen Initiative (CCHI), a strategic and comprehensive program to improve enrollment at the university. CCHI provides information and encouragement to middle and high school students and their parents, in low to moderate-income (LMI) communities in San Fernando Valley and Los Angeles, to help them prepare for entrance into a four-year college.
Many of the students reached by CCHI would be first-generation college students, and the program aims to foster a college-going culture. As part of the CCHI program, Citi volunteers have taught financial education workshops at CSUN on how to manage finances on a student budget, credit, savings and investing. Citi is working with Self-Help to expand financial inclusion for thousands of Californians.
A supportive and welcoming environment, achieved through staff preparation and branch design. Additionally, through financial education that is provided, innovatively, to customers waiting in line, the Micro Branch encourages individuals who use only its check cashing services to expand their relationship by becoming savings account holders and credit union members. To enable replication of the Micro Branch model, the CCD grant also supports analysis of the operating model and customer outcomes.
Jose came regularly to the Micro Branch, every Friday, to cash his check and send money to his family. Read the latest announcement from the City and County of San Francisco about the Kindergarten to College program.
Kindergarten to College is an easy-to-use savings platform that will help more families start saving earlier for college. The program will continue to motivate college savings through additional matches and incentives. An important part of the Kindergarten to College program is its financial education component. In a recent USA Today supplement on Financial Literacy, Citi's collaboration with the City and County of San Francisco is featured prominently in the article "Milk money, crayons, bank account," and Bob Annibale, Global Director of Citi Microfinance and Community Development, is among the Panel of Experts weighing in on Youth Financial Literacy. On October 5, 2010, the City and County of San Francisco and Citi announced the launch of the Kindergarten to College partnership, the nation's first city-wide, universal college savings program for children.
Citi's commitment and success in developing innovative, collaborative and impactful solutions to critical community needs was recognized on November 8, 2011, when Citi Community Development received the Community Impact Award at the 15th Annual CRA & Fair Lending Colloquium.
Jenny Flores, Senior Vice President for Citi Community Development in California, receives the Community Impact Award on behalf of Citi from Edward B. The Community Impact Award is bestowed each year "to dedicated compliance professionals and their institutions," to honor "outstanding and innovative efforts in furtherance of the goals of the Community Reinvestment Act." The Award also is intended to encourage innovative community lending and to provide the financial industry with examples of superb programs that have made a large impact on underserved communities. K2C was developed with participation across Citi's businesses and with leadership by Citi Microfinance and Citi Community Development. The award was accepted on behalf of Citi by Jenny Flores, Senior Vice President for Citi Community Development in California. Citi is a longtime supporter of the FRC's Family Economic Success Program, which includes free tax preparation services for low-income individuals and families through VITA. In Oakland, California, the East Bay Asian Local Development Corporation (EBALDC) is ensuring that students in elementary school learn good money management habits. Students who complete the program are provided with a popular board game that involves purchasing and money management issues or a $50 savings bond that's intended to jump-start their good savings habits. Citi Community Development is providing a $150,000 grant to enable Enterprise Community Partners and Waypoint Homes to provide a financial capability program coupled with the purchase, renovation and rental of "real estate owned" (REO) properties. Meet the participants in Bridges to Business Success, a pioneering, multi-stakeholder program that enables the City of Los Angeles to leverage its allocation from the Federal Neighborhood Stabilization Program to provide contracting opportunities to local, minority-owned small businesses. Entrepreneurs in the food service industry face sizeable start-up and operational costs, among other challenges.
The Chef's Center of California is run by the Episcopal Housing Alliance and Economic Development (EHAED), which also provides business training courses for aspiring chefs and food entrepreneurs.
Part of the facility, the Citi Small Business Technology Center, offers training and technical assistance to incubator participants.
A variety of food-related business have been launched through the Chef's Center, including popular food trucks, gourmet bakeries, farmers market vendors and restaurants. Victor Ramirez of Citi Community Development serves as vice-chair of the Center's Board of Directors.
Microloans that enable people to start small businesses and lift themselves out of poverty have proven their effectiveness in developing countries. The program makes loans of $250, $500 and $1000 to women with very low incomes to empower them to start small businesses in their communities. With Citi's support, FFW has been able to expand its impact by opening new loan centers in the poorest communities of San Diego County. The program benefits primarily Latin American and African immigrant women, specifically those who have no banking or credit history and lack access to capital. The Skoll World Forum, viewed by many as the social impact sector's version of the World Economic Forum meetings in Davos, Switzerland, brought together 900 highly-selected attendees from leading organizations to explore new ways for civil society, often in partnership with business and government, to address global challenges like financial inclusion. Bob Annibale, Global Director of Citi Microfinance and Community Development, led a conversation with representatives from Nestle, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and Root Capital (a Citi Foundation grantee) about how to bring additional value to smallholder farmers that grow staples like coffee and cocoa that many multinational buyers in turn sell to consumers. Employees who receive paper checks often turn to check cashers and other fringe financial services, costing the average worker $1,000 per year in fees.
The CurrenC SF website offers how-to guides, marketing materials, best practices, and expert advice to employers, and connects employees to low-cost checking accounts and other healthy financial products. Department of Housing and Urban Development in response to the Neighborhood Stabilization Program Round II (NSP II) Notice of Funding Availability released on May 4, 2009.
The Prosperity Center is strategically located in a local middle school for convenient access by low- and moderate-income families and offers a wide range of free financial education workshops and services, including Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) knowledge and free tax preparation that translates into recovered earnings and increased assets. This program targets communities of people who often are underbanked or unfamiliar with available financial services, including immigrants from Southeast Asia who live in the Sacramento area.
Learn about their impact in the community and meet someone who has a decent, affordable place to live thanks to Cabrillo. In December, after being a customer for eight months, he declared he was ready to open an account. E-FILE web-based program developed by the Legal Aid Society of Orange County to help people file their taxes at no charge.
Kramer, Executive Vice President for Regulatory Programs at Wolters Kluwer Financial Services.
Kramer, Executive VP for Regulatory Programs at Wolters Kluwer Financial Services (sixth from right). A Citi Foundation grant supports FRCs free volunteer income tax assistance (VITA) program, which helps low-and moderate-income (LMI) individuals and families claim the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), enabling them to save up to $360 by avoiding costly commercial tax services.
Citi employees will donate their time through the entire tax season, providing onsite banking services at VITA sites in the Bay Area including at the FRC to help low-income families. Citi also has supported FRC's offering of Money$mart, a 10-module financial education program created by the FDIC, as well as financial counseling and coaching. Through its Money Savvy Youth program, which is supported by Citi, EBALDC teaches financial education to fourth and fifth graders in the Oakland public school district. With Citi's help, EBALDC was able to expand its Money Savvy Youth Program in 2011 to serve 20 out of 60 public schools in Oakland, reaching 750 students a€” almost double the number from the year before.
Minority-owned businesses are extremely effective at driving economic growth and and the 'Bridges' program will create more than 200 jobs by the end of 2012. The Center offers a ten-week series of small business seminars, taught by Citi volunteers, on entrepreneurial skills including developing a business plan, strategic marketing, product presentation, food-handling requirements, licenses and certification requirements.
To date, 107 businesses have utilized Chef Center's community kitchen and their business training programs. Homeopathic individualized medicines versus fluoxetine for moderate to severe depression: double-blind, randomized non-inferiority trial. With a dramatically growing demand for sustainable and certified products (fair trade, organic, etc.), multinationals such as Nestle are developing shared value approaches to their sourcing and supply chain to ensure a higher quality and quantity with greater consistency.
CurrenC SF empowers San Francisco's businesses and workers by helping them adopt modern, innovative payroll solutions. In addition, the San Francisco Office of Financial Empowerment has worked with payroll companies, payroll card providers, banks, and other financial institutions to develop a list of healthy alternatives for businesses to consider when moving to direct deposit.
Citi volunteers will participate as financial education teachers, tax preparation guides and mentors for the students.
Since its inception, the Financial Literacy and Asset Development Program has helped hundreds of individuals to understand the financial services available to them and to acquire the knowledge needed to build assets.


He had heard the tellers talk about the accounts for months, but needed time to build his trust. Since 2004, more than 14,000 filers have taken advantage of this program, resulting in the return of more than $21 million in federal refunds, including $12 million through the EITC. In addition, Citi has provided Individual Development Accounts (IDAs), which are matched saving accounts, through FRC.
As an added benefit, the participating small businesses will renovate foreclosed properties and increase the supply of affordable housing. Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, UNIFESP (Federal University of SA?o Paulo, Brazil), Av Rouxinol, 1041 cj. The goal of this initiative is to achieve a fully electronic, paperless payday, helping to bring thousands of San Francisco households into the financial mainstream and reducing reliance on high-cost check cashing services. Motivated by a desire to build his savings so that he could return home to visit his family, he decided that a 'My Piggy Bank' account would work well for him.
Households that earned less than $49,000 in 2010 are eligible for free tax preparation at VITA sites. This unique public-private collaboration, designed and supported by Citi Community Development, provides a blueprint for other local governments to put minority-owned small businesses at the center of neighborhood revitalization. After the courses, many of the students took the next steps in starting food service enterprises, and many have continued to use Chef's Center's kitchen services. There is a need for large-scale longitudinal data on treatment utilization and outcomes, stress, emotion, and pain.
Randomized long-term trial of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type-1 diabetes. He casually mentioned that he had thought about buying a house one day but knew it would be difficult since he did not have any credit history. The teller described our 'My Fresh Start' loan, a product she was very familiar with since she had recently completed her own loan. She mentioned the benefits of the loan: in addition to building credit history it is structured so the member amasses $500 in savings when the loan is paid off.
Patients are recruited from web sites for patient advocacy and health enhancement programs. Therefore this long-term study was undertaken to assess the efficacy, safety and acceptability of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type 1 diabetic patients. In the span of 12 months, Jose went from being a repeat check-cashing client to an account-holder with a 'My Piggy Bank' account and, now, a borrower.
Methods: In this 2-year randomized clinical parallel design study, 24 patients with type 1 diabetes were enrolled and divided in 2 groups. Group I (n=12) received usual care (ie, diet, exercise, and insulin), and group II (n=12) received 500 mL camel milk in addition to diet, exercise, and insulin. Previous studies have found that between 30% and 60% of pediatric neurology patients have used CAM at some point in their lives. Whereas, the effect of vitamin C on conventional photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumor cells has been documented, the mechanism of vitamin C induced increase in tumor cell response to PDT is unclear. In this report we demonstrate the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 significantly increases its apoptotic activity in tumor cells. Interestingly, we observed that the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 only and not its addition to a prior photo-exposed mixture to MC540 is critical for its enhanced sensitivity.
These findings provide impetus to the approach in developing ROS generating small molecule compounds with potent apoptosis inducing activity. These data could have implications in the use of vitamin C in photo-sensitizer-mediated reactions with the view to favorably tailoring the cancer cell milieu for efficient apoptotic execution.
Many patients are still not discussing their CAM use with their doctors and are using CAM alongside their conventional medicines, thereby increasing the likelihood for potential interactions. One limitation of this study is that our ability to determine between-site differences is limited by the difference in sample size.
Electrodermal measures as clinical markers: Jing-point electrical impedance in adolescent women with chronic pelvic pain.
Consequently, skin electrical measures at Jing points are commonly obtained and interpreted for diagnostic purposes. Denise Adams, University of Alberta, 1047 RTF Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E1, Canada. The objective of this study is to determine whether electrodermal measures at Jing-points are associated with clinical outcomes in adolescents with chronic pelvic pain in a randomized, sham-controlled acupuncture trial. Methods: We recruited 18 adolescent women aged 13 to 22 years of age suffering from chronic pelvic pain and laparoscopically diagnosed with Stage I-III endometriosis. Using a Hibiki-7 device, normalized electrical impedance values were obtained at all 24 Jing-points for each treatment session.
Phase II: CAM research networks in Canada and the US will notify CAM providers of this study, so they may alert patients. Left-right asymmetry and measures for statistical dispersion (standard deviation and Gini coefficient) of Jing-point impedance values were calculated. Parents or legal guardians may self-identify and reply on behalf of patients under 18 year of age if they meet the criteria for Phase I.
With a generalized estimating equation method, we evaluated the association between the electrodermal-derived measures and clinical outcomes while accounting for treatment designation and time. Phase III: The methods for phase II were utilized but CAM associations and training organizations were substituted for CAM research networks.
The majority of the cases involved the use of Traditional Chinese Medicine to improve quality of life.
Preliminary analyses indicate that, over time, subjects in the active acupuncture arm were more likely to have reduced left-right asymmetry and statistical dispersion of Jing-point measures compared to subjects in the sham-control arm. Further analyses with multivariable models will be performed to assess whether this difference is statistically significant for each electrodermal measure. The chiropractic care of children with otitis media: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation and meta-synthesis.
Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 N Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063. Key words were otitis media and related words (ie, acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, ear infections, etc) AND chiropractic.
A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with a meta-synthesis of the literature with a focus on chiropractic management and the application of a whole systems research (WSR) evaluation. Results: Our systematic review revealed 20 articles consisting of 6 case reports, 5 case series, 1 retrospective cohort, 2 prospective cohorts, 2 reviews of the literature, 2 commentaries, 1 survey study and 1 prospective, parallel-group, observer-blinded, randomized feasibility study. Due to the lack of higher-level research design, a meta-analysis of the literature was not possible. This included the use of otoscopy and tympanogram to provide objective pretreatment and comparative outcome measures. Eighty-nine percent of respondents reported treating pediatric patients; patients under the age of 17 made up 12% of chiropractic and 20% of both naturopathic and osteopathic patients. Activator, Gonstead, Toftness, Chiropractic Biophysics, and Diversified Techniques were utilized with an emphasis on the upper cervical spine (the C1 or C2 vertebral bodies). Approximately two-thirds of both osteopaths and naturopaths disagree or strongly disagree that immunizations are safe compared to one-third of chiropractors.
One paper described utilization of cranial technique, 2 papers described a dietary intervention, and 2 papers utilized soft-tissue massage to augment spinal manipulative therapy. Fifteen studies were amenable to the WSR evaluation resulting in a score of 7.06 from a maximum of 11. The immunizations of most concern to the 3 professions included MMR, varicella, influenza, DPTP, and hepatitis.
The most common reasons for concern were related to safety, including that vaccines may contain dangerous ingredients, may produce side effects, and may be linked to future problems such as neurological damage. Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the need for more higher-level research designs in addition to incorporating new methodologies (ie, whole systems research) reflective of the holistic and vitalistic clinical and theoretical framework of chiropractic. The chiropractic care of children with enuresis: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation.
Significantly more naturopaths advised parents against vaccinations (27%), compared to 10% of chiropractors, and 12% of osteopaths (P=.0002).
Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 North Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063.
There was no significant difference between groups for those advising parents in favor of vaccinations (15% C, 14% N, 6% O) (P=.1143).
Key words were enuresis, nocturnal enuresis, bedwetting as well as related words AND chiropractic.
A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with an evaluation using WSR evaluation. Results: Our systematic review revealed 7 articles meeting the eligibility criteria for review. Four of the 7 papers involve case reports describing the care of children aged 8 to 14 years with primary complaints of nocturnal enuresis.
Spinal manipulative therapy involved the use of Toggle recoil, Sacro-Occipital Technique, Activator Methods, Gonstead Technique, and Diversified Technique to address primarily segmental dysfunctions in the lumbosacral spine.
We conducted a systematic review to assess the nature and severity of adverse events associated with pediatric acupuncture.
A large prospective cohort study (N=171) demonstrated improvement in wet nights per week from baseline following 2 weeks of care. In a randomized clinical trial, within-group comparison of pretreatment and comparative rates of enuresis subjects demonstrated an improvement.
However, the study was fraught with research design issues such as randomization and biostatistics. Six of the 7 studies were amenable to WSR evaluation and resulted in a scoring of 7.33 from a maximum possible score of 11 points.
One reviewer screened all articles, while the second reviewed all excluded articles to ensure that no article was inappropriately excluded. Full articles of potentially relevant references were retrieved and assessed by two independent reviewers. The use of Whole Systems Research provides promise in contributing to evidence-based practice and reflects the holistic and vitalistic chiropractic approach to patient care. Results: Seven thousand, two hundred sixty-two potentially relevant articles were identified.
Eleven of these studies included adults as the majority of patients; for these studies the age of the patient experiencing the adverse event was never reported. Most of the adverse events that have been identified in children were mild and included pain, bruising, and worsening of symptoms.
The few adverse events rated as moderate or serious included one pneumothorax, 2 infections, and 2 cases of complications from needles left in the body. Methods: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Life University (Atlanta, Georgia).
A 26-item questionnaire was sent to 9000 subscribers of an online newsletter from Midwifery Today Magazine. The first domain identified demographics (midwife credentials, age, years in practice, and place of practice). The second domain queried participants regarding their formal and postgraduate training on the subject of chiropractic.
The third domain attempted to identify their experience (ie, positive or negative experience) with chiropractic personally and professionally as it pertains to pregnancy and infant care.
The fourth domain asked their opinion about the safety of chiropractic care for pregnant and pediatric patients. The fifth domain surveyed their knowledge regarding the scope of practice of chiropractic for pregnant and pediatric patients. The respondent ranged in age from 41 to 50 years with practice experience ranging from 6 to 10 years. With respect to their training on chiropractic, 31% (n=57) reported receiving formal education (ie, during midwifery education) on the subject of chiropractic. Fifty-five of the 157 who did not indicated receiving some education on chiropractic through continuing education seminars. With respect to the midwife responders’ experience with chiropractic, 95% (n=176) admitted to making a professional referral to a chiropractor with 73% (n=137) having referred an infant to a chiropractor.
Ninety-two percent (n=171) reported being chiropractic patients with another 58% (n=124) presenting their child for chiropractic care.
Over 90% indicated experiencing a positive experience as patients and with their child’s care.
All of the respondents perceived chiropractic was safe for pregnant patients, while only 97% considered chiropractic safe for children. An overwhelming majority of the responders (98%) indicated that chiropractors work with birth professionals, while 92% indicated that they were knowledgeable about the role of chiropractic in prenatal care.
Lastly, 75% indicated interest in learning more about chiropractic, with 86% wanting more evidence-based practice chiropractic. From the 809 articles reviewed, 18 articles met the full inclusion criteria and proceeded to data extraction. Identified adverse events include local pain or soreness, swelling, mild fevers, and skin rashes. Thus far, the majority of adverse events reported have been mild with few moderate or serious adverse events occurring in pediatric patients. Total weight and body composition changes in response to weight reduction diets of varied protein content in midlife women. Age-related changes in body composition for women include loss of lean mass and gains in total weight, fat mass and central fat deposition. There is growing evidence that diets with low-to-moderate carbohydrate and fat content and increased levels of high-quality protein are effective for weight loss.
Greater subjective satiety is reported by subjects following test meals containing whey protein compared to other protein sources. The beneficial effects of whey protein on satiety, thermogenesis, and lean body mass protection suggest that whey may be a preferred protein source for weight loss treatment. The specific aims of this study are to assess weight loss in subjects receiving energy-reduced dietary regimens and to evaluate parameters of weight and body mass change between the 3 treatment groups. Study Design: We are conducting a randomized, controlled pilot feeding study to evaluate the effect of different dietary protein sources on weight loss.


Endpoint measures include body weight and body composition data obtained at baseline and at 8 weeks for dietary treatment. The HP diet and the WP diet produced greater total fat loss and less total lean tissue loss than the CD.
Conclusions: Preliminary data shows that across treatment groups, the high-protein diets conserved lean tissue and promoted reduction of fat tissue. Trials investigating TCM must be conducted with increased methodological rigor to be of value in evaluations. The single included study suggesting that acupuncture may be safe and efficacious in CFS is limited in applicability by the use of sham acupuncture as the control.
Integration and interface between naturopaths and conventional rural care: empirical findings from a grass-roots research project. The worsening epidemic of DM in the United States, along with the increasing prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, and IGT, render the identification of promising interventions for these states a matter of some urgency. Jon Adams, University of Queensland, School of Population Health ,University of Qld, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia. While lifestyle interventions based on dietary pattern and physical activity can delay or prevent the onset of diabetes and reduce cardiovascular risk, adherence at the population level is severely limiting. Pharmacotherapy offers promise for diabetes prevention, but with associated high costs, unacceptability to many patients, and potential toxicity. In this context, the potential role of chromium (Cr), an insulin cofactor, in IGT is of great interest. Proposed, therefore, is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial conducted at the Yale Prevention Research Center to investigate the effects of daily Cr for 6 months at 2 dose levels on serum measures of glucose tolerance and on endothelial function in adults with IGT, IFG, and IR. The study is powered to detect a clinically meaningful effect of Cr supplementation at either dose on glucose control, and to compare the two doses for equivalence. The study will investigate effects of Cr on both measures of glucose tolerance (glucose, insulin, OGTT) and brachial artery endothelial function, thus combining serum measures with a physiologic test of Cr effects on the vasculature.
The proposed study will generate much needed data regarding the efficacy of Cr in those at risk for type 2 diabetes and offers the promise of guiding practice, as well as directing future study.
By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the United States today. Risk to human subjects in this study is a minor increment over minimal due to the administration of nitroglycerin as a control in BARS testing. Secondary outcomes: (4) It will show improved well-being, as measured by elevated melatonin and DHEA. Unlike many relaxation therapies, energy healing requires no participation by the patient, a feature that makes it particularly attractive in the hospital setting, where patients are often anxious, depressed, in pain, or sedated.
Despite the increasing use of energy healing, few studies have looked at its benefits and even fewer at its underlying mechanisms of action. In this pilot study, we examined the effects of an energy healing modality known as Reiki on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, both of which participate in the stress response and stress-induced pain and disease progression.
Subjects rested for 10 min before baseline heart rate and blood pressure were measured and blood was drawn to determine cortisol, ACTH, and DHEA levels, using commercial immunoassay kits. Subjects then received a 30- to 45-min Reiki or Pretend Reiki session followed immediately by post-session heart rate and blood pressure measurements and at 2h by blood draws. When asked whether they thought they were in the Reiki or Pretend Reiki group, about 70% of the participants reported that they believed that they had received a true Reiki session. This suggests that the beneficial effects of Reiki on physiology, as compared to the Pretend Reiki, cannot be explained solely by the placebo effect.
Issac Amponsah, Faculty of Pharmacy Kwame Nkrumah University of SC, Knust, Kumasi, 233, Ghana.
Effects of ultra-low dilutions of sabal serrulata on human prostate cancer growth: mechanistic studies. Hakima Amri, Georgetown University, Basic Science Bldg, 3900 Reservoir Rd NW, Washington, DC 20007.
Finally, serum protein differential expression was carried out using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry analysis.
Effect of mind-body medicine skills on elements of emotional intelligence in medical students. Yet studies have reported that traits such as altruism and empathy tend to decline throughout medical school training. In an effort to foster medical student self-awareness and mindfulness, which may improve their EI, Georgetown University School of Medicine (GUSOM) offers an experiential course to undergraduate medical students in mind-body medicine skills. The purpose is to expose students to a variety of mind-body approaches including meditation, imagery, as well as group sharing and listening generously for self-awareness and reflection. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the Mind Body Medicine Skills (MBS) course on perceived stress, mindfulness, and elements of EI including intrapersonal capacities (attention to feelings, mood repair, clarity of feelings) and interpersonal capacities (perspective-taking, empathetic concern, and personal distress in response to distress in others). The intervention group (n=30) was comprised of first year medical students who self-selected to participate in this elective.
The control group (n=36) included students from the first year class who completed the surveys but did not take the MBS course. Four questionnaires were completed at the start and end of the spring semester by all study participants: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and a survey of EI developed by Stratton et al (2005) comprised of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index.
ANCOVA was used to compare the MBS and the control groups at the end of the semester, controlling for beginning scores. Patient perspectives of integrative and primary care management of back and neck paina€”qualitative findings from a randomized clinical trial. These conditions are additionally some of the most common reasons why patients use complementary therapies, often without dialogue with conventional care providers.
The focus groups were conducted separately for those in the integrative vs the conventional treatment groups.
The interview data were transcribed ad verbatim and analyzed utilizing inductive content analysis technique. Eliane Angst, UCLA Center for Excellence in Pancreatic Diseases, 675 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095. A significant reduction in cell numbers was seen with quercetin concentrations of ~30 AµM and a maximum effect at ~75 AµM.
In MIA PaCa-2 cells a ~65% reduction in cell number was seen with 75 AµM of quercetin after 48 hours.
Starved BxPC-3 cells treated with 75 AµM quercetin showed a ~95% reduction in cell number after 48 hours.
Conclusion: These results suggest that quercetin has a potent growth-inhibitory effect in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro.
Additional experiments to investigate the underlying mechanism of growth inhibition and animal studies are underway. Flovanoids may reveal to be potent anticancer drugs found in our daily food, leading to specific diet recommendations. These can be taken together to qualify as an academic minor in many of the conventional MA or PhD programs, often forming the basis of a thesis or dissertation required for the terminal degree. In the fall of 2009, the university will launch a doctorate of nursing practice with a focus in integrative health and healing. Georgetown University developed a concentration of CAM within its Masters in Physiology program in 2003.
We address the multicultural perspective, comparing data collected in Canada and Europe to those in the United States. The reason for this is that results on the health-promoting effects of spirituality and religiosity cannot easily be transferred from the United States to countries with different cultural and religious backgrounds. Thus, one has to recognize different concepts of spirituality, different attitudes towards its utilization, and objections against the implementation of it in a particular medical system. In Germany, 3 colleagues have founded the Transdisciplinary Working Group on Spirituality and Health, and in Canada the Canadian Research Network on Spirituality and Health has been active for a couple of years.
Data and approaches from these different networks will be combined into this symposium.Dr BA?ssing is an associate professor at the University of Witten, Herdeckea€™s Faculty of Medicine, where he directs the research group Spirituality and Health. The effect of a€?acupuncture for losing weighta€? on the level of blood sugar: a survey on the mechanism. Hoda Azizi, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Beijing, Beijing, 100029, China. Material and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 66 patients were included in case and control groups. Blood sugar was examined just before inserting needles and immediately after withdrawal of needles. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the mechanism of acupuncture in losing weight is significantly related to making an increase in BS. John Balletto, Center for Muscular Therapy, Inc, 545 Pawtucket Avenue, Mailbox 304, Pawtucket, RI 02860-6046.
As with business startups that begin informally and successfully mature into larger enterprises, growth brings new organizational challenges, together with greater visibility and opportunity. The maturation of massage as a healthcare profession increases the need for a process to formalize the synthesis of massage therapy knowledge from clinical experience and research—to collect what we know and to make such baseline knowledge widely available to practitioners, consumers, and other healthcare stakeholders. The present paper lays out the motivations and framework for creating massage therapy guidelines that are informed both by research and by clinical experience. It also acts as a report to the massage therapy profession and to other stakeholders about the work of the Best Practices Committee of the Massage Therapy Foundation since 2006. And it has the additional goal of providing a healthcare literature basis for future academic discussions of massage. The discussion here is based on a definition from the Institute of Medicine and on research into the nature of expertise. Topics addressed include guideline creation, credentialing of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, definition of competence, and the increasing role of technology (that is, informatics) in managing training and task-necessary competencies. The roles of transparency and a wide and open peer review are emphasized as essential to the usability and credibility of guidelines.
Health Canada issues consumer advisories regarding the safety of marketed health products, yet the criteria for issuing advisories have not been evaluated for consistency or objectivity. The Causality Algorithm used by Health Canada was used to rate degree of association between the adverse events (AEs) and the products. The Severity of Adverse Events Scale, developed by the National Cancer Institute, was used to determine the severity of the AEs. Most NHP AWRs were issued based on potential AEs from contamination and adulteration, whereas most of the AWRs for therapeutic drugs were issued due to actual AEs. Of the 6 NHP AWRs issued for actual AEs, 3 (50%) were unassessable for severity, whereas of the 28 AWRs issued for actual therapeutic drug AEs, 1 (3%) was unassessable for severity.
The origin of reports for NHPs tended to be from foreign sources or Health Canada, whereas reports for therapeutic drugs were mostly issued by Health Canada in conjunction with drug manufacturers. The potential of a mistletoe (Viscum album L) extract to alleviate adverse effects of cancer chemotherapy: an in vitro study.
Stephan Baumgartner, University of Bern, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, Inselspital, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. We investigated the effect of a mistletoe extract on PBMC with and without concomitant treatment with cyclophosphamide and compared viability and replication of normal PBMC with that of a T-cell leukemia cell line.
The results motivate further preclinical and clinical investigations of mistletoe extracts as an adjuvant medication in cancer therapy to alleviate side effects of conventional therapy.
Stephan Baumgartner, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Inselspital, Imhoof-Pavillon, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. We investigated the potential of a commonly used plant pathogen–system, Arabidopsis thaliana infected with the virulent bacteria Pseudomonas syringae (pv tomato strain DC3000), regarding its response towards a homeopathic treatment. Compared to Bion (a common SAR inducer used as positive control), the magnitude of the treatment effect of Biplantol was about 50%. None of the other tested preparations yielded significant effects in the overall evaluation. The purpose of this study was to determine remedy effects on a common quantitative measure of complexity, the correlation dimension (D2), of human sleep electroencephalography (EEG). High Hostile subjects increased complexity at C3 and Pz, but decreased complexity at O2 during stage 3 sleep on CC. In the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects, CC caused significant increases in complexity at Pz and O1 during stage 3 sleep and at C3, C4, and Pz during stage 4 sleep. CC increased complexity significantly at Cz, C4, and O2 during REM sleep in only the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not the objective measure of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings can distinguish verum homeopathic remedies from placebo in human subjects. NV produced more marked effects on increased shifts in sleep stages, with a growth in effects from night 22 to 23. This study examined the effects of olfactory administration of a polycrest homeopathic remedy Sulphur on heart rate variability (HRV).
The Sulphur was given at dilution factors used for preparing 6c, 12c, and 30c potencies (1 potency per session, with potency order randomized), but for each potency, the test solutions were succussed to different degrees (stirred without shaking, 10, 20, or 100 succussions). Homeopathic remedies increase spectral electroencephalographic power during sleep in healthy young adults. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of verum vs placebo homeopathic remedies on spectral qEEG measures of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings. Evaluating a nonlinear dynamical model for human flourishing: Relationship of PANAS positive-to-negative-affect ratio and global health and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to compare global physical health (GPH) and well-being ratings of young adults whose P:N mood ratios fell above vs below the Losada line. Despite higher (MCSD) scores in PF, a small sex and age difference between groups, ANCOVAs controlling for MCSD, sex, and age still showed statistical significance of the above PF vs PL group differences. Gurjeet Birdee, Osher Research Center Harvard Medical School, 401 Park Drive, Suite 22-A West, Boston, MA 02215.
We identified the prevalence of CAM modalities used and the characteristics of users among the pediatric population.



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