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In 1877 Lord Carnarvon, Secretary of State for the Colonies, sent Sir Bartle Frere to southern Africa as British High Commissioner. After King Cetshwayo refused to disband his Zulu army or to cooperate with the plan for imperial federation, a force commanded by Lieutenant-General Lord Chelmsford invaded Zululand in January 1879. Cetshwayo's army was finally destroyed at Ulundi on 4 July 1879, but not before it had inflicted a devastating defeat on the British at Isandlwana. Underestimating the Zulus' speed of movement and fighting ability, Chelmsford split his column.
The Battle of Isandlwana, 22 January 1879Oil on canvas by Charles Edwin Fripp (1854-1906), c1885NAM.
Unsurprisingly, it was the defence of Rorke's Drift and the subsequent award of eleven VCs, rather than the defeat at Isandlwana, that passed into British folklore. Meanwhile, Colonel Charles Pearson's column had defeated 6,000 Zulus at Nyezane on 22 January 1879 and occupied Eshowe.
Lord Chelmsford, having marched to Pearson's relief, defeated the Zulus at Gigindhlovu on 2 April 1879 and evacuated the Eshowe garrison two days later.
As the Zulus fell back, their retreat was turned into a rout by Lieutenant-Colonel Redvers Buller's irregular cavalry. At the end of May 1879, Chelmsford invaded Zululand again, this time with a reinforced army.
On 4 July he drew up his 5,000-strong army in a large square opposite Cetshwayo's capital at Ulundi.
The capture of Cetshwayo by Major Richard Marter, King's Dragoon Guards, August 1879Watercolour by unknown artist, 1881NAM. Lieutenant Nevill Coghill (1852-79) and Lieutenant Teignmouth Melvill (1842-79), of the 1st Battalion, 24th (2nd Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot, were killed attempting to defend their unit's Queen's Colour (rather than the Regimental Colour as depicted here) in the aftermath of the British defeat at Isandlwana on 22 January 1879. Although 23 Victoria Crosses were won during the Zulu War, Coghill and his fellow officer had to wait until January 1907 to receive their posthumous awards. Coghill died in a vain attempt to defend Lieutenant Teignmouth Melvill who was carrying the Queen's Colour of the battalion from the battlefield of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879. The diary was later recovered from the battlefield of Isandlwana and returned to Coghill's family. Despite having been wounded in the foot a few days previously, Schiess (1856-84) displayed great bravery throughout the night in fighting off the Zulus after they had occupied the wall of mealie bags. Born in Burgdorf, Switzerland and raised in an orphanage, Schiess later settled in South Africa and joined a British colonial unit, serving with them throughout the Zulu War.
The assegai, of which there were two forms, the thinner bladed throwing spear and the broad bladed stabbing spear, was the weapon of the Zulu armies. The French Prince Imperial, Louis Eugene Napoleon, then in exile in England, served on Lord Chelmsford's staff during the Zulu War. This large cowhide ‘ishilunga' shield was taken at the Battle of Ulundi on 4 July 1879, an engagement that witnessed the final destruction of the Zulu army of King Cetshwayo.
This belt was taken from the possessions of King Cetshwayo after his capture in August 1879.
This wristlet was the property of one of King Cetshwayo's wives and was taken from the royal kraal at Ulundi by Major Richard Marter of the 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards. Watercolour by Lieutenant William Frederic Fairlie (1847-1923), Natal Mounted Police, 1879NAM.
The Natal Native Contingent (NNC) was formed in 1878 to bolster the defences of the British colony of Natal.
Natal's white population had long feared that arming the black population would constitute a security risk, and as a result only a small percentage of NNC soldiers were issued with guns. It is our intention to add certain types of more unusual figures for the Zulu Wars and eventually more irregular types. Follow these links for more information about plants along the trail or small shops and informal businesses.  For more information about the Woza eNanda Walking Trail trail initiative, check out our regular updates. Township homes may all look much alike at first sight, but are in fact displaying a great variety of building styles, shapes and materials. Goats and chicken are roaming around everywhere, because they are not only a source of meat, but important for ritual purposes.
Children in eNanda have few toys, but they can be seen having fun with their own kind of games. Street names may be taken for granted in the city, but were only introduced in some parts along the trail as late as last year. At this inconspicuous homestead, not far from the Gandhi Settlement, traditional Infene dance performances take place at the weekend at the end of each month.
There are many NGOs in the area and some of them could be potentially be visited with prior arrangements.


This is a GPS capture of the routes we took from Ohlange to Phoenix and back, mapped onto Google Earth. Summary: Shiney is a highly knowledgeable lady with a British background who has an extraordinary insight into the history and politics of Inanda. Enter your email address to subscribe to eNanda Onine and receive notifications of new posts by email. Both men were intent on creating a federal dominion of the British colonies and Boer Republics. They were courageous under fire, manoeuvred with great skill and were adept in hand-to-hand combat. The right column, under Colonel Charles Pearson, crossed into Zululand near the mouth of the Tugela River with the aim of securing the abandoned mission at Eshowe as a base.
On 22 January 1879 his camp, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pulleine, was surprised by the Zulu army at Isandlwana. Hearing of the defeat at Isandlwana, he fortified the post and his 1,300 troops and seamen, and 400 wagoners, remained there, blockaded by the Zulus. Despite problems of supply, constant skirmishing and the embarrassing death of the French Prince Imperial while on a patrol, Chelmsford's force made steady progress. Around 20,000 Zulus attacked in their usual fashion, but faced with Gatling guns and artillery their brave charges soon petered out. The British were so impressed by the courage of their opponents that, most unusually, they built a memorial to them at Ulundi along with their own.
He became the first Swiss National to be awarded the VC and the first man serving with South African forces to be decorated with the supreme British award for gallantry. He was ambushed and killed near Ulundi on 1 June 1879 after setting out on a reconnaissance patrol without his full escort. He had only been allowed to go to South Africa after the Empress Eugenie and Queen Victoria had intervened on his behalf, but with the proviso that he be kept out of danger.
The colour of a shield helped identify warriors in battle as well as whether they were married or not. It is likely that Cetshwayo had earlier received it as a war trophy from his army after their victory at Isandlwana on 22 January 1879.
Goats represent the link with the ancestors and are slaughtered when ceremonies are performed.
Previously, homes were simply numbered and now, the old and the new numbering system coexist.
She reminisces as far back as 1996 where she expresses her thoughts of her first visit to Inanda.
To implement Carnarvon's policy, Frere had to gain control over Zululand, a warrior kingdom bordering Natal and the Transvaal. Most of the actions fought during the war hinged on whether British firepower could keep the Zulus at bay. This was a welcome boost to British morale after the disaster of Isandlwana, but it had little effect on the campaign as a whole. Wood knew that the Zulus were going to attack for part of his force had run into them at Hlobane the previous day, so he had prepared accordingly.
Civil war followed and in 1883, in an unsuccessful attempt to restore order, the British returned Cetshwayo to his throne. He describes the result of patrols sent out into the countryside from 'The San hlana Camp'. When it was recovered, the prince's body had 18 assegai wounds and he had been ritually disembowelled. Many chiefs and great warriors had white shields with one or two spots, the young and inexperienced had black shields whilst the middle warriors had red and white shields. Five companies of the 24th Regiment's 1st Battalion and one company from the 2nd Battalion were engaged at Isandlwana. Only kings and great chiefs were allowed to wear lion or leopard claw necklaces as they were symbols of power. This stick was taken from the king after his defeat and brought back to Britain by a Colonel Bell.
Originally it was one of a pair, the other being presented by the grandfather of the donor to Queen Victoria and incorporated into the Royal Collection. The unit was led by Captain Theophilus Shepstone (1843-1907), a son of Sir Theophilus Shepstone, administrator of the Transvaal (1877-79).
NNC troops wore their traditional tribal apparel with a red cloth bandanna around their foreheads, the only item to distinguish them from Zulu warriors who were traditional enemies of the Basuto and Mponso. For instance, a round hut on the premises indicates that a traditionalist (non-Christian) lives here; white border stones are used by Shembe believers.


Among the chicken, only the black and white chicken are sacrificial animals, each for a different purpose.
Then there is street soccer with very small goals and special rules;  uqithi involves climbing up into a tree and vumvum is a toy made out of string and a pierced flattened bottle-top. Post 1996 there was a rise in visitors to South Africa and due to her ability to speak a variety of languages,  she became a tour guide. The centre column, which Chelmsford himself accompanied, crossed the Buffalo River at Rorke's Drift mission station to seek out Cetshwayo's army. The patterning on the shield also identified which 'Impi' or regiment a warrior fought with. The regiment lost 540 men including the 1st Battalion's commanding officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pulleine. After the Battle of Isandlwana (1879) Captain Shepstone was sent to the Orange Free State to recruit more men, his command reaching a strength of 186.
Tires on roof tops are believed to protect the home from lightning strikes and people sometimes store other items of top of the roof for protection from thieves. Fruit trees – mango, avocado, bananas, pawpaw, and grapefruit are especially common in the vicinity of the Shembe settlement. His over-extended line was swamped by sheer weight of numbers and the majority of his 1,700 troops were killed.
In 1887 Zululand was declared British territory and finally annexed to Natal ten years later.
It is a typical example of the staffs carried by men of high status; the snake was a common symbol representing the protection of the ancestral spirits. Shepstone's Native Horse was among the irregular cavalry at the Battle of Ulundi (1879) sent out to lure the Zulus on to the British square. Realise par Jerome Salle faut-il classer cette adaptation dans la categorie « Poubelle » ou « Reussite » ?
The Victorian public was shocked by the news that 'spear-wielding savages' had defeated their army. She states that there are no fancy buildings in Inanda but the people of Inanda make the place special. Et non, y voir Orlando Bloom completement nu n’est pas pris en compte… ou presque pas…Zulu : a l’origine, un livreParu en 2008, Zulu de Caryl Ferey a recu pas moins de sept prix litteraires dont le Grand prix litterature policiere. Le roman propose une histoire sombre et des personnages incroyablement forts : une matiere brute d’une qualite indeniable. Des Townships de Cape Town aux luxueuses villas du bord de mer, cette enquete est bien plus que ce qu’elle semble etre…      « Pas d’avenir sans pardon » (Desmond Tutu)Zulu c’est l’histoire de deux flics, un noir et un blanc, que tout oppose mais qui sont pourtant lies par une veritable amitie.
Tous deux se retrouvent a enqueter sur un affaire qui, en les contraignant a affronter leurs demons interieurs, va bouleverser leurs vies passees et futures. Bien plus profond, le film fait resonner en chacun de nous une question : « Pouvons-nous pardonner ? ». Tel un film conducteur, Zulu parle de la difficulte et de la necessite de pardonner pour aller de l’avant.
L’Afrique de Sud et son apartheid n’est-elle pas le meilleur endroit pour traiter du sujet ?
Tout comme Brian et Ali, le pays est un personnage a part entiere qui cherche a avancer malgre le poids du passe.L’Afrique de Sud est filme tout en contradictions. D’un cote nous avons ses paysages de carte postale et de l’autre, l’image sale de Cape Flats et son miserable quotidien.
Que ce soit visuel ou scenaristique, Zulu est donc baigne en permanence d’une incroyable violence.Cote casting, Zulu frappe egalement fort, tres fort. Si Forest Whitaker est parfait en force tranquille hantee par son douloureux passe, la surprise vient surtout d’Orlando Bloom. Violent, alcoolique, homme a femmes, divorce avec un fils qui le considere comme un etranger… Autant dire que dans Zulu, Orlando Bloom s’amuse a malmener son image de beau gosse. Chose qui peut sembler paradoxale car si nous y regardons de plus pres, Whitaker et Bloom n’ont que tres peu de scenes ensemble. Mais voila, il se degage des deux acteurs une osmose qui fait de Zulu un film humainement authentique. Les champs obligatoires sont indiques avec *Commentaire Nom * Adresse de contact * Site web Ne pas s'abonner S'abonner Seulement les reponses a mes commentaires Vous abonner sans commenter. Si vous continuez a utiliser ce dernier, je considere que vous acceptez l'utilisation des cookies.



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