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According to psychologists, most people have a greater fear of public speaking than of death.
My thoughts were consumed with whether or not they would like my speech, laugh at my jokes, or think I was smart.
Next time you have the opportunity to speak publicly and find yourself getting nervous, try refocusing on the needs of your audience. Please note: I reserve the right to delete comments that are snarky, offensive, or off-topic. If you're like most of my readers, you're committed to winning at work and succeeding at life.
About MeI am the co-author of the Wall Street Journal and USA Today best seller, Living Forward: A Proven Plan to Stop Drifting and Get the Life You Want.
I am also the author of the New York Times best seller, Platform: Get Noticed in a Noisy World. I am the founder and CEO of Michael Hyatt & Company, an online leadership development company. About MeI am the author of the New York Times bestseller, Platform: Get Noticed in a Noisy World.
Tra i compiti di un ufficio stampa rientra anche saper presentare i risultati aziendali, rendendoli immediati e comprensibili a quanti piu utenti possibile.
Gli oratori di valore sanno che il public speaking e prima di qualsiasi altra cosa un momento di connessione emotiva con la platea. Il media training ci insegna che esistono tre tipologie di risposte da non dare mai durante interviste o conferenze stampa. This means to the average person, if you go to a funeral, you’re better off in the casket than doing the eulogy. But here’s the thing: rather than letting fear of public speaking hold us back, I strongly believe we can channel it into positive energy that leads to success! Even now, as an adult who has logged countless hours of performing on stage and teaching in the classroom before some of the toughest crowds of high school freshmen you can imagine, I still get nervous before public speaking.
I’ve gotten hooked on a new-ish app this week called Periscope, and if you don’t know it, allow me to open up your eyes to a whole new world! And actually this very subject of fear and public speaking came up in my very first scope this Thursday, so I decided to do a follow-up scope solely devoted to this subject.
However, if you can name that fear ahead of time and call it what it is, you can diminish its power over you or better yet, reclaim it as your own.
No bones about it, this is risky business, but it’s something that will get easier the more you do it and the more you call out that fear!
One, push yourself to speak up in small ways in safe settings before thrusting yourself into a bigger venue.
The more you practice, the more comfortable and confident you’ll be when it comes time for the real deal.
So, by reframing our symptoms of fear as something positive, well, then fear becomes something that can work in your favor.
If you go into a public speaking event expecting rejection, you’re giving fear the upper-hand and essentially shooting yourself in the foot. Instead, I would urge you to choose to believe the best about the people who are in the audience.
In fact, if you haven’t watched the video yet, you might want to jump to THIS SPOT where I share the story of my freshmen English students and the creative strategy they employed to create an audience of allies for one another. And this is coming from the gal who once was too afraid to even place her own order at the pizza counter. I would love for you to join me in this discussion, dear reader, and let me know in the comments section what has got your gears turning. I’ll also post my favorite scopes to YouTube, so be sure to subscribe to my channel for more replays. Really enjoyed this Lauren ~ it occurred to me that these strategies could be used to deal with fears of many kinds with a little variance.
I am definitely adding extra points for shaking to my mental pep talk before stressful situations – I really like the idea of it being a positive thing, showing that whatever you’re doing matters to you! I actually love public speaking, but the adrenaline rush does to, at one point or another, make my voice a bit shaky and my breathing go all weird.. I have a huge fear of public speaking, especially when it come to converse in English as its not my first language. Well… whenever I try to make a conversation with a group of not so familiar people, lets say at the weddings, Interviews etc. It’s funny how life works out because the girl that changed her college major three times to stay out of Speech class is now married to a Pastor. I’m a New York gal putting down new roots in Orlando, Florida with my hubby and our sailboat.
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This content was accessible as of December 29, 2012, and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book. PDF copies of this book were generated using Prince, a great tool for making PDFs out of HTML and CSS. For more information on the source of this book, or why it is available for free, please see the project's home page. helps people like you help teachers fund their classroom projects, from art supplies to books to calculators. Explain two ways in which presentation aids can increase audience understanding of a message. Presentation aids can fulfill several functions: they can serve to improve your audiencea€™s understanding of the information you are conveying, enhance audience memory and retention of the message, add variety and interest to your speech, and enhance your credibility as a speaker.
One reason for misunderstandings is the fact that perception and interpretation are highly complex individual processes. Clarification is important in a speech because if some of the information you convey is unclear, your listeners will come away puzzled or possibly even misled. If your speech is about the impact of the Coriolis effect on tropical storms, for instance, you will have great difficulty clarifying it without a diagram because the process is a complex one. Figure 15.2 "Model of Communication" is another example of a diagram that maps out the process of human communication.

Another aspect of clarifying occurs when a speaker wants to visually help audience members understand a visual concept. When you use a presentational aid for emphasisTo impress the importance or to repeat the verbal message in visual form., you impress your listeners with the importance of an idea. Another way of emphasizing that can be done visually is to zoom in on a specific aspect of interest within your speech.
The second function that presentation aids can serve is to increase the audiencea€™s chances of remembering your speech. Moreover, people often are able to remember information that is presented in sequential steps more easily than if that information is presented in an unorganized pattern.
An added plus of using presentation aids is that they can boost your memory while you are speaking. For example, you may have prepared a very good speech to inform a group of gardeners about several new varieties of roses suitable for growing in your local area. Similarly, if you were speaking to a group of gourmet cooks about Indian spices, you might want to provide tiny samples of spices that they could smell and taste during your speech. If you focus your efforts on producing presentation aids that contribute effectively to your meaning, that look professional, and that are handled well, your audience will most likely appreciate your efforts and pay close attention to your message.
Presentation aids should help audiences more thoroughly understand a speakera€™s basic message. Presentation aids help an audience more clearly understand a speakera€™s message in two ways: they help clarify and they help emphasize. Never tell the audience that you’re sorry for being nervous or any other issue that comes up.
It is a good idea to use slides as a visual aid, but do not allow this to be the largest part of your presentation.
When speaking to a large audience, you need to project confidence with a voice that is strong and easily understood.
Whether you enjoy public speaking or are afraid of giving speeches, you should have found some useful advice in this article. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers.
We help overwhelmed high achievers get the clarity, confidence, and tools they need to win at work and succeed at life.
And I think what you shared speaks to the fact that it feels so revealed and vulnerable, which is harder in front of people we know.
I used to get physically ill in school before delivering a speech and then I would shakily stumble my way through it and just about run to my seat and want to hide under my desk. You may grab 1-2 photos, but do not crop out a watermark, and please provide a link back to this site and ascribe proper credit.
See the license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author (but see below), don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms. However, the publisher has asked for the customary Creative Commons attribution to the original publisher, authors, title, and book URI to be removed. If you have prepared and rehearsed your speech adequately, shouldna€™t a good speech with a good delivery be enough to stand on its own? If you are like most people, you can easily remember incidents when you misunderstood a message or when someone else misunderstood what you said to them. Most of us have seen the image in which, depending on your perception, you see either the outline of a vase or the facial profiles of two people facing each other. Presentation aids can help clarifyTo make clear so that the audience understands your meanings the way you intend. The diagram in Figure 15.1 "Coriolis Effect" would be effective because it shows the audience the interaction between equatorial wind patterns and wind patterns moving in other directions. In this image you clearly have a speaker and an audience (albeit slightly abstract), with the labels of source, channel, message, receivers, and feedback to illustrate the basic linear model of human communication. For example, if a speaker is talking about the importance of petroglyphs in Native American culture, just describing the petroglyphs wona€™t completely help your audience to visualize what they look like. In a speech on water conservation, you might try to show the environmental proportions of the resource. In Figure 15.5 "Chinese Lettering Amplified", we see a visual aid used in a speech on the importance of various parts of Chinese characters. A 1996 article by the US Department of Labor summarized research on how people learn and remember. When your graphic images deliver information effectively and when your listeners understand them clearly, audience members are likely to remember your message long after your speech is over. When you use a presentation aid to display the organization of your speech, you will help your listeners to observe, follow, and remember the sequence of information you conveyed to them. Using your presentation aids while you rehearse your speech will familiarize you with the association between a given place in your speech and the presentation aid that accompanies that material.
While it is true that a good speech and a well-rehearsed delivery will already include variety in several aspects of the presentation, in many cases, a speech can be made even more interesting by the use of well-chosen presentation aids.
Although your listeners will undoubtedly understand and remember your message very well without any presentation aids, wouldna€™t your speech have greater impact if you accompanied your remarks with a picture of each rose? Taste researcher Linda Bartoshuk has given presentations in which audience members receive small pieces of fruit and are asked to taste them at certain points during the speech.Association for Psychological Science. That attention will help them learn or understand your topic in a new way and will thus help the audience see you as a knowledgeable, competent, credible speaker. Presentation aids can help the audience to understand complex ideas or processes and can also show which ideas are most important in the speech.
Breathe deeply and remember that you are well-prepared, so you have nothing to worry about.
This gives your audience the idea that you think they are incapable of reading for themselves.
Even if you must wear a suit or formal dress, be sure your clothing fits properly and does not make you feel too hot. If people notice that there is more on the slides than what is coming from your mouth, they will lose interest before you know it. There are many variables when you speak in public, which means that there are many opportunities for things to go wrong. The audience is not likely to listen to you when your state of dress or grooming skills are distracting.
While you may feel more comfortable hiding behind a podium, this limits your effectiveness.

Being able to speak in public is a very useful skill, so be sure to reflect upon these tips frequently. Even if the speaker gives them the knowledge they need, fear may keep them from acting on it. That's exactly why I wrote my new ebook, Shave 10 Hours Off Your Workweek: 4 Proven Strategies for Creating More Margin for the Things That Matter Most.
But when it comes to talk in front of the known audience or people to whom I have already met then it becomes a lot difficult. I do not claim to be a singer and often times encourage the people to wear ear plugs but I am willing and want to serve. You may also download a PDF copy of this book (61 MB) or just this chapter (5 MB), suitable for printing or most e-readers, or a .zip file containing this book's HTML files (for use in a web browser offline). While it is true that impressive presentation aids will not rescue a poor speech, it is also important to recognize that a good speech can often be made even better by the strategic use of presentation aids. This shows how interpretations can differ, and it means that your presentations must be based on careful thought and preparation to maximize the likelihood that your listeners will understand your presentations as you intend them to. The diagram allows the audience to process the information in two ways: through your verbal explanation and through the visual elements of the diagram. Instead, showing an example of a petroglyph, as in Figure 15.3 "Petroglyph", can more easily help your audience form a clear mental image of your intended meaning. When you use a conceptual drawing like the one in Figure 15.4 "Planetary Water Supply", you show that if the world water supply were equal to ten gallons, only ten drops would be available and potable for human or household consumption. On the left side of the visual aid, we see how the characters all fit together, with an emphasized version of a single character on the right.
This is why some instructors display a lecture outline for their students to follow during class. For example, if you are giving an informative speech about diamonds, you might plan to display a sequence of slides illustrating the most popular diamond shapes: brilliant, marquise, emerald, and so on. You can imagine that your audience would be even more enthralled if you had the ability to display an actual flower of each variety in a bud vase.
However, even if you give a good speech, you run the risk of appearing unprofessional if your presentation aids are poorly executed. Identify three ways that the slides could be improved to be more effective presentation aids. Some say that it helps to envision your audience members in their underwear to help you relax. Once they begin to feel insulted, it will be much harder for you to convince them to listen to you. Even if they do, coming across as lacking in confidence detracts from your position of authority on your speech that you are making. Choose modest clothing for speaking in public, and make sure all fasteners and buttons hold securely so that you do not experience wardrobe malfunction. Getting familiar with the layout of the room, the microphones, and the other speech aids that are available in that room can help you become more relaxed before speaking. The microphone or projector may not work, there may be an interruption in power or someone may enter the room in the midst of your speech. Putting a human touch on the story will have the audience members relate to what your saying, and have their attention.
By including information about your family through stories and illustrations, the audience will see you as a person instead of another guest speaker.
Audience members may tire of keeping their eyes glued to one spot, and they are likely to lose interest. Under no circumstances, should the text of this blog or multiple photos be copied and re-posted elsewhere unless you have permission from me to do so. This drawing is effective because it emphasizes the scarcity of useful water and thus draws attention to this important information in your speech. As you finish describing one shape and advance to the next slide, seeing the next diamond shape will help you remember the information about it that you are going to deliver. This means that in addition to containing important information, your presentation aids must be clear, clean, uncluttered, organized, and large enough for the audience to see and interpret correctly.
Suits work well in for most speeches, but consider something more casual when speaking to younger audiences. By moving around during your speech, you hold the audience’s interest and appear more dynamic.
Every Sunday I find myself gripping the microphone so tight my hand falls asleep and when I speak I rush through it so fast that I forget to breath and just about pass out. Misspellings and poorly designed presentation aids can damage your credibility as a speaker. Lastly, by making a speakera€™s overall speech more polished, presentation aids can increase an audiencea€™s perception of the speakera€™s credibility.
Taking things too seriously can result in you having a meltdown, so try to laugh off any issues that may arise.
Get a friend to watch you rehearse your speech to identify any gestures or movements that may be problematic. Now, I know this isn’t the same scenario for all public speakers but this truly has helped me when I am up there hating the way my voice sounds through a microphone with all eyes on me.
The article goes on to note that information stored in long-term memory is also affected by how we originally learn the material.
In addition, make sure that you give proper credit to the source of any presentation aids that you take from other sources. Using a statistical chart or a map without proper credit will detract from your credibility, just as using a quotation in your speech without credit would. I also get up there every Sunday knowing that God sees my potential and that He has equipped me even when I don’t see it or feel very equipped. That encourages me and pushes me to serve and to walk in obedience to what He says I can do. Learning in fourth and sixth graders as a function of sensory mode of stimulus presentation and overt or covert practice.

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