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DAILY TOURS EPHESUS BY PLANE ,A Daytrip to Ephesus ,This is a daytrip to Ephesus from Istanbul by plane returning back on the same day.
History Of Ephesus,According to tradition, Efes (Ephesus), one of the most important cities of antiquity, was founded by Androclos, although it has been established that the Lelegians and Carians inhabited the place earlier. The Vedius Gymnasium was located to the north end of the city, right next to the Byzantine era city ramparts.
The cave of the Seven Sleepers is reached through the asphalt road which goes through the east of the Vedius Gymnasium. The town of Selcuk is dominated by a Byzantine citadel overlooking the Basilica of St.John (presently under restoration).
The Efes Archaeological Museum in Selcuk has been enlarged and diplays now the impressive works of art recovered from and around Efes. Neolithic age,The area surrounding Ephesus was already inhabited during the Neolithic Age (about 6000 BCE), as was revealed by the excavations at the nearby hoyuk (artificial mounds known as tells) of Arvalya and Cukurici.Bronze age,Excavations in recent years have unearthed settlements from the early Bronze Age at the Ayasuluk Hill. Ephesus was founded as an Attic-Ionian colony in the 10th century BCE on the Ayasuluk Hill, three kilometers from the center of antique Ephesus (as attested by excavations at the Seljuk castle during the 1990s).
The Greek goddess Artemis and the great Anatolian goddess Kybele were identified together as Artemis of Ephesus. Archaic period,About 650 BCE, Ephesus was attacked by the Cimmerians, who razed the city, including the temple of Artemis.
Ephesus has intrigued archaeologists because for the Archaic Period there is no definite location for the settlement.
During the Peloponnesian War, Ephesus was first allied to Athens but sided in a later phase, called the Decelean War, or the Ionian War, with Sparta, which also had received the support of the Persians. In 356 BCE the temple of Artemis was burned down, according to legend, by a lunatic called Herostratus. When Alexander the Great defeated the Persian forces at the Battle of Granicus in 334 BCE, the Greek cities of Asia Minor were liberated. As the river Cayster silted up the harbor, the resulting marshes caused malaria and many deaths among the inhabitants. Ephesus revolted after the treacherous death of Agathocles, giving the Syrian king Seleucus I Nicator an opportunity for removing and killing Lysimachus, his last rival, at the Battle of Corupedium in 281 BCE. When the Seleucid king Antiochus III the Great tried to regain the Greek cities of Asia Minor, he came in conflict with Rome. When Augustus became emperor in 27 BCE, he made Ephesus instead of Pergamum the capital of proconsular Asia, which covered western Asia Minor. The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (Diana), who had her chief shrine there, the Library of Celsus, and its theatre, which was capable of holding 25,000 spectators. Ephesus remained the most important city of the Byzantine Empire in Asia after Constantinople in the 5th and 6th centuries.
The importance of the city as a commercial center declined as the harbor was slowly silted up by the river (today, KA?A§A?k Menderes) despite repeated dredging during the city's history.
Sackings by the Arabs first in the year 654-655 by caliph Muawiyah I, and later in 700 and 716 hastened the decline further. The town knew again a short period of flourishing during the 14th century under these new Seljuk rulers. Anatolia was associated with John one of the chief apostles, and the Gospel of John might have been written in Ephesus, c 90-100.
Two decades later, the church at Ephesus there was still important enough to be addressed by a letter written by Bishop Ignatius of Antioch to the Ephesians in the early 2nd century AD, that begins with, "Ignatius, who is also called Theophorus, to the Church which is at Ephesus, in Asia, deservedly most happy, being blessed in the greatness and fullness of God the Father, and predestinated before the beginning of time, that it should be always for an enduring and unchangeable glory" (Letter to the Ephesians). The house of the Virgin Mary, about 7 km (4 mi) from SelA§uk, is believed to have been the last home of Mary, mother of Jesus. The Church of Mary close to the harbor of Ephesus was the setting for the Third Ecumenical Council in 431, which resulted in the condemnation of Nestorius.
The Library of Celsus, the faA§ade of which has been carefully reconstructed from all original pieces, was built ca. The Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is represented only by one inconspicuous column, revealed during an archaeological excavation by the British Museum in the 1870s. The Odeon was a small roofed theate constructed by Vedius Antonius and his wife around 150 CE. The Temple of Hadrian dates from the 2nd century but underwent repairs in the 4th century and has been reerected from the surviving architectural fragments. At an estimated 44,000 seating capacity, the Theater is believed to be the largest outdoor theater in the ancient world.
The history of archaeological research in Ephesus stretches back to 1863, when British architect John Turtle Wood, sponsored by the British Museum, began to search for the Artemision.
Known to the west as Whirling Dervishes, the Mevlevi Order was founded by Mevlana Rumi in the 13th century.
Felt Making Workshop in Istanbul,elt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres. The present size of the Jewish Community is estimated at around 26,000 according to the Jewish Virtual Library. Les Arts Turcs Photo Safari Tour,istanbul,turkey,estambul,photo safari tour,Istanbul is an enchanting city of ancient beauty and modern charm . Let the experts and artists of Les Arts Turcs take you on a tour of this diverse city, specially tailored for the photographer or videographer. The NAACP bestows the annual Image Awards for achievement in the arts and entertainment, and the annual Spingarn Medals for outstanding positive achievement of any kind, on deserving black Americans. The NAACP's headquarters is in Baltimore, with additional regional offices in California, New York, Michigan, Colorado, Georgia, Texas and Maryland.[6] Each regional office is responsible for coordinating the efforts of state conferences in the states included in that region.
In 1905, a group of thirty-two prominent African-American leaders met to discuss the challenges facing people of color and possible strategies and solutions. This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. The Race Riot of 1908 in Abraham Lincoln's hometown of Springfield, Illinois, had highlighted the urgent need for an effective civil rights organization in the U.S.
On May 30, 1909, the Niagara Movement conference took place at New York City's Henry Street Settlement House, from which an organization of more than 40 individuals emerged, calling itself the National Negro Committee. The conference resulted in a more influential and diverse organization, where the leadership was predominantly white and heavily Jewish American.
According to Pbs.org "Over the years Jews have also expressed empathy (capability to share and understand another's emotion and feelings) with the plight of Blacks. As a member of the Princeton chapter of the NAACP, Albert Einstein corresponded with Du Bois, and in 1946 Einstein called racism "America's worst disease".[21][22] Du Bois continued to play a pivotal role in the organization and served as editor of the association's magazine, The Crisis, which had a circulation of more than 30,000. An African American drinks out of a segregated water cooler designated for "colored" patrons in 1939 at a streetcar terminal in Oklahoma City. In its early years, the NAACP concentrated on using the courts to overturn the Jim Crow statutes that legalized racial segregation.
The NAACP began to lead lawsuits targeting disfranchisement and racial segregation early in its history. In 1916, when the NAACP was just seven years old, chairman Joel Spingarn invited James Weldon Johnson to serve as field secretary. The NAACP devoted much of its energy during the interwar years to fighting the lynching of blacks throughout the United States by working for legislation, lobbying and educating the public.
The NAACP also spent more than a decade seeking federal legislation against lynching, but Southern white Democrats voted as a block against it or used the filibuster in the Senate to block passage. In alliance with the American Federation of Labor, the NAACP led the successful fight to prevent the nomination of John Johnston Parker to the Supreme Court, based on his support for denying the vote to blacks and his anti-labor rulings. The organization also brought litigation to challenge the "white primary" system in the South.
The board of directors of the NAACP created the Legal Defense Fund in 1939 specifically for tax purposes. With the rise of private corporate litigators like the NAACP to bear the expense, civil suits became the pattern in modern civil rights litigation.
The NAACP's Baltimore chapter, under president Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson, challenged segregation in Maryland state professional schools by supporting the 1935 Murray v.
Locals viewing the bomb-damaged home of Arthur Shores, NAACP attorney, Birmingham, Alabama, on September 5, 1963.
The campaign for desegregation culminated in a unanimous 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. The State of Alabama responded by effectively barring the NAACP from operating within its borders because of its refusal to divulge a list of its members. New organizations such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) rose up with different approaches to activism. The NAACP continued to use the Supreme Court's decision in Brown to press for desegregation of schools and public facilities throughout the country. By the mid-1960s, the NAACP had regained some of its preeminence in the Civil Rights Movement by pressing for civil rights legislation. In 1993 the NAACP's Board of Directors narrowly selected Reverend Benjamin Chavis over Reverend Jesse Jackson to fill the position of Executive Director. In 1996 Congressman Kweisi Mfume, a Democratic Congressman from Maryland and former head of the Congressional Black Caucus, was named the organization's president. In the second half of the 1990s, the organization restored its finances, permitting the NAACP National Voter Fund to launch a major get-out-the-vote offensive in the 2000 U.S.
During the 2000 Presidential election, Lee Alcorn, president of the Dallas NAACP branch, criticized Al Gore's selection of Senator Joe Lieberman for his Vice-Presidential candidate because Lieberman was Jewish. Alcorn, who had been suspended three times in the previous five years for misconduct, subsequently resigned from the NAACP and started his own organization called the Coalition for the Advancement of Civil Rights. Alcorn's remarks were also condemned by the Reverend Jesse Jackson, Jewish groups and George W. The Internal Revenue Service informed the NAACP in October 2004 that it was investigating its tax-exempt status based on Julian Bond's speech at its 2004 Convention in which he criticized President George W. As the American LGBT rights movement gained steam after the Stonewall riots of 1969, the NAACP became increasingly affected by the movement to suppress or deny rights to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. This aspect of the NAACP came into existence in 1936 and now is made of over 600 groups and totaling over 30,000 individuals. In 2003, NAACP President and CEO, Kweisi Mfume, appointed Brandon Neal, the National Youth and College Division Director.[46] Currently, Stefanie L.
Since 1978 the NAACP has sponsored the Afro-Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics (ACT-SO) program for high school youth around the United States. When right-wing media maven Andrew Breitbart publicized a maliciously edited video of a speech at a NAACP-sponsored Georgia event by USDA worker Shirley Sherrod, the mainstream press recycled his libel without properly vetting it, and the organization itself piled on without properly checking what had happened.[48] NAACP president and CEO has since apologized.
21.Jump up ^ Fred Jerome, Rodger Taylor (2006), Einstein on Race and Racism, Rutgers University Press, 2006.
22.Jump up ^ Warren Washington (2007), Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents.
30.Jump up ^ AJCongress on Statement by NAACP Chapter Director on Lieberman, American Jewish Congress (AJC), August 9, 2000. 33.Jump up ^ "President Bush addresses the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) national convention" (video).
37.Jump up ^ "Election Year Activities and the Prohibition on Political Campaign Intervention for Section 501(c)(3) Organizations". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region 1 Photograph Collection, ca. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.
In 1987, Bishop Zubik was appointed Administrative Secretary to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Anthony J. In 1995, he was named Associate General Secretary and Chancellor of the Diocese of Pittsburgh, and on January 1, 1996, became Vicar General and General Secretary—a position in which he served until his appointment to the Diocese of Green Bay. Bishop Zubik was consecrated a bishop on April 6, 1997, at Saint Paul Cathedral and was appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Pittsburgh. ACTUALLY DIED AT AGH, WHICH OF COURSE THEY ACCOMPLISHED (even though Canonsburg General Hospital is the rehab's NEXT DOOR NEIGHBOR!).
John Thomas North (pictured), originally a Yorkshire mechanic, became a friend of the future King George V and was worth $10 million in 1889?
King George V of the United Kingdom was a member of the Society for the Prevention of Calling Sleeping Car Porters "George"? 19 crewmen of the Russian oceanliner SS Czar received the Silver Sea Gallantry Medal from King George V of the United Kingdom for rescuing 102 survivors from a burning ship in October 1913?
American School of Genealogy, Heraldry and Documentary Sciences - Program DescriptionsA MODULE DESCRIPTIONSA.
After lunch you will visit The House of Virgin Mary, where it is believed she spent her last days. The oval shaped stadium was built during the time of Emperor Neron and located to the south of the Vedius Gymnasium. In 1954 a burial ground from the Mycenaean era (1500-1400 BCE) with ceramic pots was discovered close to the ruins of the basilica of St.
The mythical founder of the city was a prince of Athens named Androklos, who had to leave his country after the death of his father, King Kadros.
There are numerous sites to suggest the movement of a settlement between the Bronze Age and the Roman period, but the silting up of the natural harbors as well as the movement of the Kayster River meant that the location never remained the same. But when taxes continued to be raised under Cambyses II and Darius, the Ephesians participated in the Ionian Revolt against Persian rule in the Battle of Ephesus (498 BCE), an event which instigated the Greco-Persian wars. The inhabitants of Ephesus at once set about restoring the temple and even planned a larger and grander one than the original. The pro-Persian tyrant Syrpax and his family were stoned to death, and Alexander was greeted warmly when he entered Ephesus in triumph. The people of Ephesus were forced to move to a new settlement two kilometers further on, when the king flooded the old city by blocking the sewers. After the murder of king Antiochus II Theos and his Egyptian wife, pharaoh Ptolemy III invaded the Seleucid Empire and the Egyptian fleet swept the coast of Asia Minor. After a series of battles, he was defeated by Scipio Asiaticus at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BCE.
This open-air theater was used initially for drama, but during later Roman times gladiatorial combats were also held on its stage, with the first archaeological evidence of a gladiator graveyard found in May 2007. The Byzantines resumed control in 1100 and changed the name of the town to Hagios Theologos.
They added important architectural works such as the A°sa Bey Mosque, caravansaries and Turkish bathhouses (hamam).
The Central Asian warlord Tamerlane defeated the Ottomans in Anatolia in 1402, and the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I died in captivity. From AD 52-54, Paul lived in Ephesus, working with the congregation and apparently organizing missionary activity into the hinterlands.
Ephesus was one of the seven cities addressed in Revelation (2:1a€“7), indicating that the church at Ephesus was still strong. The church at Ephesus had given their support for Ignatius, who was taken to Rome for execution. A Second Council of Ephesus was held in 449, but its controversial acts were never approved by the Catholics. John, was built in the 6th century CE, under emperor Justinian I over the supposed site of the apostle's tomb.


Some fragments of the frieze (which are insufficient to suggest the form of the original) and other small finds were removed a€“ some to London and some to the Archaeological Museum, Istanbul. The reliefs in the upper sections are casts, the originals being now exhibited in the SelA§uk Archaeological Museum.
The story of the Seven Sleepers, who are considered saints by Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Muslims, tells that they were persecuted because of their belief in God and that they slept in a cave near Ephesus for centuries. In 1869 he discovered the pavement of the temple, but since further expected discoveries were not made the excavations stopped in 1874. Explore Old Istanbul, from the ancient tradition of the Turkish bath to the mystic Whirling Dervishes, from the Egyptian Spice Market to the trade secrets of the Silk Road linking Europe with China. Calligraphy Lesson in Istanbul,Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking. While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials. We will transfer to your hotel MINA Hotel ,3 Days Hotel and Tour Reservation in Istanbul,Discover Istanbul with us. The vast majority live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2,500 in A°zmir and other smaller groups located in the rest of Turkey.
We can show you the photogenic side of Istanbul - the mesmerizing blur of dervishes in their whirling dance, the dazzle of the wares of the bazaar, the delicate beauty of long-forgotten gems of classical architecture hidden in the maze of city streets, the serene faces of old men relaxing in the smoke-filled haze of a teahouse, birds-eye views of Istanbula€™s scenic panoramas. The board elects one person as the president and one as chief executive officer for the organization; Benjamin Jealous is its most recent (and youngest) President, selected to replace Bruce S. Local chapters are supported by the 'Branch and Field Services' department and the 'Youth and College' department.
They were particularly concerned by the Southern states' disfranchisement of blacks starting with Mississippi's passage of a new constitution in 1890. In fact, at its founding, the NAACP had only one African American on its executive board, Du Bois himself.
In the early 20th century, Jewish newspapers drew parallels between the Black movement out of the South and the Jews' escape from Egypt, pointing out that both Blacks and Jews lived in ghettos, and calling anti-Black riots in the South "pogroms". Storey was a long-time classical liberal and Grover Cleveland Democrat who advocated laissez-faire free markets, the gold standard, and anti-imperialism.
In 1913, the NAACP organized opposition to President Woodrow Wilson's introduction of racial segregation into federal government policy, offices, and hiring.
It was influential in winning the right of African Americans to serve as officers in World War I. Because of disfranchisement, there were no black representatives from the South in Congress. Southern states had created white-only primaries as another way of barring blacks from the political process. The NAACP's Legal department, headed by Charles Hamilton Houston and Thurgood Marshall, undertook a campaign spanning several decades to bring about the reversal of the "separate but equal" doctrine announced by the Supreme Court's decision in Plessy v. Board of Education that held state-sponsored segregation of elementary schools was unconstitutional. These newer groups relied on direct action and mass mobilization to advance the rights of African Americans, rather than litigation and legislation. Daisy Bates, president of its Arkansas state chapter, spearheaded the campaign by the Little Rock Nine to integrate the public schools in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Johnson worked hard to persuade Congress to pass a civil rights bill aimed at ending racial discrimination in employment, education and public accommodations, and succeeded in gaining passage in July 1964. The dismissal of two leading officials further added to the picture of an organization in deep crisis. A controversial figure, Chavis was ousted eighteen months later by the same board that had hired him. Three years later strained finances forced the organization to drastically cut its staff, from 250 in 1992 to just fifty.
On a gospel talk radio show on station KHVN, Alcorn stated, "If we get a Jew person, then what I'm wondering is, I mean, what is this movement for, you know?
Bush (president from 2001–2009) declined an invitation to speak to its national convention.[31] The White House originally said the president had a schedule conflict with the NAACP convention,[32] slated for July 10–15, 2004.
Bond, while chairman of the NAACP, became an outspoken supporter of the rights of gays and lesbians, publicly stating his support for same-sex marriage. Barber, II of North Carolina participating actively against (the ultimately-successful) North Carolina Amendment 1 in 2012. The NAACP Youth & College Division is a branch of the NAACP in which youth are actively involved. The program is designed to recognize and award African American youth who demonstrate accomplishment in academics, technology, and the arts. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, in articles "Civil Rights Movement" by Patricia Sullivan (pp 441-455) and "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People" by Kate Tuttle (pp 1,388-1,391). Hooks, "Birth and Separation of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund," Crisis 1979 86(6): 218-220. Zubik was born September 4, 1949, in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, to Stanley and the late Susan (Raskosky) Zubik. Then you will visit the world famous ancient Greco-Roman City of Ephesus, the most well preserved example in the world. The Gate of Mazaeus and Mithridates has been restored and is the most beautiful entrance to the Agora. According to legend, he founded Ephesus on the place where the oracle of Delphi became reality ("A fish and a boar will show you the way").
Pausanius mentions that the temple was built by Ephesus, son of the river god Caystrus before the arrival of the Ionians. After the Persians defeated Croesus the Ionians offered to make peace, but Cyrus insisted that they surrender and become part of the empire. In 479 BCE, the Ionians, together with Athens and Sparta, were able to oust the Persians from Anatolia. When Alexander saw that the temple of Artemis was not yet finished, he proposed to finance it and have his name inscribed on the front. As a result, Ephesus came under the rule of the Attalid king of Pergamon Eumenes II (197-133 BCE). It became the seat of the governor, growing into a metropolis and a major center of commerce.
The population of Ephesus also had several major bath complexes, built at various points while the city was under Roman rule. In 406 John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople, ordered the destruction of the Temple of Artemis.[20] Emperor Flavius Arcadius raised the level of the street between the theatre and the harbour. The loss of its harbor caused Ephesus to lose its access to the Aegean Sea, which was important for trade.
Ayasoluk became an important harbour, from whence the navy organised raids to the surrounding regions. He became embroiled in a dispute with artisans, whose livelihood depended on selling the statuettes of Artemis in the Temple of Artemis (Acts 19:23a€“41). It came to be called the Robber Council of Ephesus or Robber Synod of Latrocinium by its opponents. The ruins that are visible give some idea of the city's original splendor, and the names associated with the ruins are evocative of its former life. Designed with an exaggerated entrance a€” so as to enhance its perceived size, speculate many historians a€” the building faces east so that the reading rooms could make best use of the morning light. A number of figures are depicted in the reliefs, including the emperor Theodosius I with his wife and eldest son. In 1895 German archaeologist Otto Benndorf, financed by a 10,000 guilder donation made by Austrian Karl Mautner Ritter von Markhof, resumed excavations. Each of these intimate half-day and full-day tours will immerse you in a unique aspect of Turkish history and culture.Get expert help choosing the best hotels for yor needs and budget for your stay in A°stanbul and Turkey, Fethiye, Antalya, Marmaris, Bodrum, A°zmir, Gaziantep, Canakkale, Cappadocia, Black Sea, Gallipoli, Ephesus, East Turkey. Turkish Music Lesson in Istanbu,The last august 2004 I stayed in Istanbul, during a holiday trip. Sephardic Jews make up approximately 96% of Turkey's Jewish population, while the rest are primarily Ashkenazic. With your own private guide, you will know where to go, when to go, how to get there and exactly how to get the most out of your visit a€“ from behind the lens. Calligraphy is especially revered among Islamic arts since it was the primary means for the preservation of the Qur'an.Ottoman Turkish calligraphy is associated with geometric Islamic art on the walls and ceilings of mosques as well as on the page.
The 'Legal' department focuses on court cases of broad application to minorities, such as systematic discrimination in employment, government, or education. Through the early 1900s, legislatures dominated by white Democrats ratified new constitutions and laws creating barriers to voter registration and more complex election rules.
Mary White Ovington, journalist William English Walling and Henry Moskowitz met in New York City in January 1909 and the NAACP was born.[14] Solicitations for support went out to more than 60 prominent Americans, and a meeting date was set for February 12, 1909. It did not elect a black president until 1975, although executive directors had been African-American.
Storey consistently and aggressively championed civil rights, not only for blacks but also for Native Americans and immigrants (he opposed immigration restrictions). Six hundred African-American officers were commissioned and 700,000 men registered for the draft. United States (1915) to Oklahoma's discriminatory grandfather clause that disfranchised most black citizens while exempting many whites from certain voter registration requirements. The NAACP regularly displayed a black flag stating "A Man Was Lynched Yesterday" from the window of its offices in New York to mark each lynching.
The NAACP lost most of the internecine battles with the Communist Party and International Labor Defense over the control of those cases and the strategy to be pursued in that case. Since southern states were dominated by the Democrats, the primaries were the only competitive contests. Intimidated by the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service, the Legal and Educational Defense Fund, Inc., became a separate legal entity in 1957, although it was clear that it was to operate in accordance with NAACP policy.
He followed that with passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided for protection of the franchise, with a role for federal oversight and administrators in places where voter turnout was historically low. Benjamin Hooks, a lawyer and clergyman, was elected as the NAACP's executive director in 1977, after the retirement of Roy Wilkins. They accused him of using NAACP funds for an out-of-court settlement in a sexual harassment lawsuit.[26] Following the dismissal of Chavis, Myrlie Evers-Williams narrowly defeated NAACP chairperson William Gibson for president in 1995, after Gibson was accused of overspending and mismanagement of the organization's funds.
Large amounts of money are being given to them by large corporations that I have a problem with."[27] Alcorn also said, "I cannot be bought. Jackson said he strongly supported Lieberman's addition to the Democratic ticket, saying, "When we live our faith, we live under the law.
On July 10, 2004, however, Bush's spokesperson said that Bush had declined the invitation to speak to the NAACP because of harsh statements about him by its leaders.[32] In an interview, Bush said, "I would describe my relationship with the current leadership as basically nonexistent.
Most notably he boycotted the 2004 funeral services for Coretta Scott King on the grounds that the King children had chosen an anti-gay megachurch. The Youth Council is composed of hundreds of state, county, high school and college operations where youth (and college students) volunteer to share their voices or opinions with their peers and address issues that are local and national. A graduate and former Student Government President at Howard University, Stefanie previously served as the National Youth Council Coordinator of the NAACP. Local chapters sponsor competitions in various categories of achievement for young people in grades 9–12.
Crafting Law in the Second Reconstruction: Julius Chambers, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and Title VII. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: A Case Study in Pressure Groups. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. He attended Saint Stanislaus Elementary School and Saint Veronica High School, both in Ambridge, before entering Saint Paul Seminary in Pittsburgh.
In 1988, he was appointed Administrative Secretary and Master of Ceremonies to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Donald W. One of the most interesting buildings in Ephesus, the Serapis Temple, is located right to the west of the Agora. This was the period of the Mycenaean Expansion when the Achaioi (as they were called by Homer) settled in Ahhiyawa during the 14th and 13th centuries BCE. Androklos drove away most of the native Carian and Lelegian inhabitants of the city and united his people with the remainder. The city prospered again, producing a number of important historical figures, such as the iambic poet Callinus and the satirist Hipponax, the philosopher Heraclitus, the great painter Parrhasius and later the grammarian Zenodotos and physicians Soranus and Rufus.,About 560 BCE Ephesus was conquered by the Lydians under king Croesus. In 478 BCE, the Ionian cities entered with Athens and Sparta into the Delian League against the Persians.
But the inhabitants of Ephesus demurred, claiming that it was not fitting for one god to build a temple to another. After Lysimachus had destroyed the nearby cities of Lebedos and Colophon in 292 BCE, he relocated their inhabitants to the new city. When his grandson Attalus III died without male children of his own, he left his kingdom to the Roman Republic. In 88 BCE Ephesus welcomed Archelaus, a general of Mithridates the Great, king of Pontus, when he conquered western Anatolia. The city had one of the most advanced aqueduct systems in the ancient world, with multiple aqueducts of various sizes to supply different areas of the city, including 4 major aqueducts.
Crusaders passing through were surprised that there was only a small village, called Ayasalouk, where they had expected a bustling city with a large seaport. After a period of unrest, the region was again incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1425. He wrote between 53 and 57 AD the letter 1 Corinthians from Ephesus (possibly from the "Paul tower" close to the harbour, where he was imprisoned for a short time). The upper part of the theater was decorated with red granite pillars in the Corinthian style. In all those areas in Turkey you can find different variations of tour programmes from walking tour to Full package tours according to our all budget guests.
4 Days Hotel and Tour Reservation in Istanbul,There is no another city which has 2 contients in the world so are you ready to see this fabulous city ??, Vip Transfer & Rent A Car Service in Istanbul,Expertise in the automotive field, the innovative concept of quality-oriented car rental and chauffeur driven hire service as soon as possible.. This was intended to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln, who emancipated enslaved African Americans. Jews made substantial financial contributions to many civil rights organizations, including the NAACP, the Urban League, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The following year, the NAACP organized a nationwide protest, with marches in numerous cities, against D.
Within four years, Johnson was instrumental in increasing the NAACP's membership from 9,000 to almost 90,000. More than 200 black tenant farmers were killed by roving white vigilantes and federal troops after a deputy sheriff's attack on a union meeting of sharecroppers left one white man dead.
Starting on December 5, 1955, NAACP activists, including Edgar Nixon, its local president, and Rosa Parks, who had served as the chapter's Secretary, helped organize a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. He [Lieberman] is a firewall of exemplary behavior."[27] Al Sharpton, another prominent African-American leader, said, "The appointment of Mr. Winners of the local competitions are eligible to proceed to the national event at a convention held each summer at locations around the United States.


He received an undergraduate degree at Duquesne University in 1971 and went on to study at Saint Mary Seminary and University in Baltimore, Maryland, where he earned a degree in theology in 1975.
He was then assigned as Vice Principal of Quigley Catholic High School in Baden as well as Chaplain to the Sisters of Saint Joseph Motherhouse and Chaplain to the students at Mount Gallitzin Academy.
Wuerl (now Cardinal Archbishop of Washington, DC), where he served until 1991, when he began his service as Director of Clergy Personnel. Set on the hillside above the street are the restored Terraced Houses, containing interesting, often well preserved frescoes from the 2nd century A.D. These were constructed near the quay in order to receive with hospitality dignitaries who arrived from the sea.
Scholars believe that Ephesus was founded on the settlement of Apasa (or Abasa), a Bronze Age-city noted in 14th-century BCE Hittite sources as in the land of Ahhiyawa.Dark age,Site of the Temple of Artemis in the town of SelA§uk, near Ephesus. He was a successful warrior, and as king he was able to join the twelve cities of Ionia together into the Ionian League.
He treated the inhabitants with respect, despite ruling harshly, and even became the main contributor to the reconstruction of the temple of Artemis His signature has been found on the base of one of the columns of the temple (now on display in the British Museum). Ephesus did not contribute ships but gave financial support by offering the treasure of Apollo to the goddess Athena, protectress of Athens. After Alexander's death in 323 BCE, Ephesus in 290 BCE came under the rule of one of Alexander's generals, Lysimachus. This led to the Asiatic Vespers, the slaughter of 80,000 Roman citizens in Asia Minor, or any person who spoke with a Latin accent.
Ephesus has been estimated to be in the range of 400,000 to 500,000 inhabitants in the year 100, making it the largest city in Roman Asia and of the day. With our professional team you will spend a nice and well organised holiday, TURKEY TOURS,tour,tours in istanbul,istanbul in tour,turkey tours,tours in turkey,istanbul hotels,istanbul hotel,hotels of turkey,anzac day tours,Tours in Istanbul,Welcome to Istanbul - Our company is recommended in Lonely Planet guide book & trusted since 2000.
Nurdogan, who kindly explained and showed me what he works on in his establishment "Les Arts Turcs". It was invented by Housam Roumi and reached its height of popularity under SA?leyman I the Magnificent. Men who had been voting for thirty years in the South were told they did not "qualify" to register. Walling, social worker Mary White Ovington, and social worker Henry Moskowitz, then Associate Leader of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. While the meeting did not take place until three months later, this date is often cited as the founding date of the organization. Jewish historian Howard Sachar writes in his book A History of Jews in America of how, "In 1914, Professor Emeritus Joel Spingarn of Columbia University became chairman of the NAACP and recruited for its board such Jewish leaders as Jacob Schiff, Jacob Billikopf, and Rabbi Stephen Wise."[19] Early Jewish-American co-founders included Julius Rosenwald, Lillian Wald, Rabbi Emil G.
Warley in 1917 that state and local governments cannot officially segregate African Americans into separate residential districts. White published his report on the riot in the Chicago Daily News.[23] The NAACP organized the appeals for twelve black men sentenced to death a month later based on the fact that testimony used in their convictions was obtained by beatings and electric shocks. This was designed to protest segregation on the city's buses, two-thirds of whose riders were black.
449 (1958), the NAACP lost its leadership role in the Civil Rights Movement while it was barred from Alabama. Committing to the Youth Council may reward young people with travel opportunities or scholarships.
At the same time, he began graduate studies at Duquesne University where he earned a master’s degree in education administration in 1982. Paul gave sermons in the Grand Theatre, seating 25,000 - the most spectacular monument of Efes.
The Church of the Holy Virgin Mary was constructed in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, and it played an important role in the early expansion of Christianity; this church symbolized one of seven Churches of the Apocalypse. Croesus made the populations of the different settlements around Ephesus regroup (synoikismos) in the vicinity of the Temple of Artemis, enlarging the city.
Sufism Speech with Dervish EROL,Known to the west as Whirling Dervishes, the Mevlevi Order was founded by Mevlana Rumi in the 13th century. As decorative as it was communicative, Diwani was distinguished by the complexity of the line within the letter and the close juxtaposition of the letters within the word. The goal of the Health Division is to advance health care for minorities through public policy initiatives and education. The Court's opinion reflected the jurisprudence of property rights and freedom of contract as embodied in the earlier precedent it established in Lochner v. Over the next ten years, the NAACP escalated its lobbying and litigation efforts, becoming internationally known for its advocacy of equal rights and equal protection for the "American Negro". Although states had to retract legislation related to the white primaries, the legislatures soon came up with new methods to limit the franchise for blacks. He served in the role of adjunct spiritual director at Saint Paul Seminary from 1984 through 1991 and associate spiritual director at Saint Vincent Seminary, Latrobe, from 1989 through 1996.
The ruins remaining are of the city established by Lyssimachos, one of the generals of Alexander the Great in the 3rd century B.C.
The Theatre beautifully restored and now serves as a setting for the artistic and folkloric shows of the international Efes Festival, held every year in spring. Officially sanctioned by the Vatican, it is now popular site of pilgrimage, visited by Christians and Muslims from all over the world. He died in a battle against the Carians when he came to the aid of Priene, another city of the Ionian League.[10] Androklos and his dog are depicted on the Hadrian temple frieze, dating from the second century. In later times, Pliny the Elder mentioned having seen at Ephesus a representation of the goddess Diana by Timarata, the daughter of a painter. But when they saw how badly the people of Chios had been treated by Zenobius, a general of Mithridates, they refused entry to his army. The Order wrote of tolerance, forgiveness, and enlightenment.Istanbul Day Tours, Istanbul city tours, Sultanahmet Tours, Walkig Tours in istanbul, Art Tours in istanbul, walking tours in istanbul, group tours in istanbul, private tours in istanbul, hire a guide in istanbul, off the paths tour in istanbul, excursions in istanbul, ottoman tour, byzantine tour in istanbul, classical sightseeing tours in istanbul Swimming Tour in Istanbul,Kilyos is a small Black Sea village which is surrounded by green forests.
Later, Greek historians such as Pausanias, Strabo and the poet Kallinos, and the historian Herodotos reassigned the city's mythological foundation to Ephos, queen of the Amazons.
Zenobius was invited into the city to visit Philopoemen (the father of Monima, the favorite wife of Mithridates) and the overseer of Ephesus. The village is just a forty five minutes drive from Istanbul.Turkish Music Lesson in Istanbul,The last august 2004 I stayed in Istanbul, during a holiday trip.
86 (1923) that significantly expanded the Federal courts' oversight of the states' criminal justice systems in the years to come. The Arcadian Way was the long main road, paved with marble and lined with columns on both sides, that stretched from the Grand Theatre to the old port, now totally silted. On this road was the Four Evangelists Monument - four columns upon which stood statues of the four evangelists. Once numbered amongst the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, it was constructed entirely of marble.
When the Seljuks and later Ottomans claimed the control of the city, it had already lost its commercial and political significance. The marvelous Hellenistic Fountain stood just across the Theater and next to the eastern end of the Arcadian Way. The marble road which was connecting the Temple of Artemis to the State Agora through the Magnesia Gate was considered to be the holy road of the city.
Yoga Lesson in Istanbul,Yoga is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India.
Today, a visit to Ephesus is one of the highlights of any visit to Turkey.Visits to the ruins of Efes usually begin in the eastern part of the city through the Magnesia Gate, around the important Upper Agora or also known as the State Agora.
When Mithridates was defeated in the First Mithridatic War by the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Ephesus came back under Roman rule in 86 BCE. Jewish community have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor for more than 2,400 years. Sulla imposed a huge indemnity, along with five years of back taxes, which left Asian cities heavily in debt for a long time to come.
In the later Middle Ages, Ashkenazi Jews migrating to the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire supplemented the original Jewish population of Asia Minor.
At the end of the 15th century, a large number of Sephardic Jews fleeing persecution in Spain and Portugal settled in Asia Minor on the invitation of the Ottoman Empire. Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern day Turkey continues a Jewish population. In using the resources available to trace family lineage the student will search records both on the World Wide Web, and in historical libraries and archives. Students will investigate death certificates, wills, Bible records, census records, birth certificates, and other primary records to teach students to identify ancestors in building a lineage line.
Students will be expected to write a family history of a family line through three generations including historical context (who are they, what did they do, where did they live, accomplishments and community connections). A special focus will be placed on students visiting ancestral sites and archives and visiting ancestors to transcribe oral history. Swansong, 2010.A Module 3 a€“ Introduction to Heraldry An important a€?cousina€? to genealogy is the study of heraldry.
The common coat of arms consists of many aspects including helm, wreath, motto, charges, shield and tinctures. Students will write a research paper and complete exercises, which illustrate their learning from the course. Students will study the Billingsley Kinship Theory and its significance in genealogy and how the power of kinship drove migration, settlement patterns, marriage, politics, economics, and religion. Students will also discuss other non-theoretical family studies, which focus on kinship and why they are not considered theoretical works.
What theory is, and what it does for research and knowledge, with its explanatory, predictive and classificatory powers will be addressed. Coat of arms, which are official symbols of a family emblazoned on a shield, were created and signified ancestry and eminence. The people of ancient Greece and Rome often professed divine ancestry while others frequently said their ascendants were members of the animal kingdom. 476 to 1453 due to the evolution of the social system that emerged in Europe during the 8th century, which made social standing and inheritance subject to lineage. In some cases, genealogy is also used to trace the lineage of individuals seeking to gain membership into certain organizations and religious fellowships. Students will become acquainted with different sources of records of American historical land resources. Students will discuss issues encountered in their research on the utilization of land records and write a paper illustrating the use of land and property resources.
Court and Immigration Records a€“ 3 creditsThis course will provide the student with Immigration and Migration laws for becoming a US citizen, a source of data for the genealogist The student will develop skills in using immigration records to conduct their genealogical research and obtain knowledge and skills in transcribing court records and reading wills for genealogical research. Eklund)A Module III Methodology of Understanding and Using the Genealogical Proof Standard.
They will learn how to include an accurate citation to the source (s) of each item of information that is used. They will learn how to analyze and correlate the citation information to evaluate its quality of evidence and resolve any conflicts caused by conflicting items of evidence. Some forty or more foul organizations are pumping out hundreds of counterfeit title holders and knights. Tunesi of Liongam)A Module VII Heraldry II Teaching the Development and Use of Corporate Heraldry (English ) a€“ 3 credits The use of Heraldry by corporations, both civic and commercial, primarily from the English perspective, from the oldest known English grant of arms to the Drapersa€™ Company of the City of London in 1419 through to the grants made to modern multinational companies, as well as other civic, professional and governmental bodies.
The course will also look at the use of armorial bearings by corporations on buildings, advertising and other media, both traditional and contemporary. Topics covered include basic DNA concepts, basic genetic concepts, how DNA testing is done, and how genes are mapped. Also discussed are the Human Genome Project and its significance and how genetic information can be used in teaching genealogical research.
The Pilgrims settled on the coast of Cape Cod at Plymouth, Massachusetts after a three-month voyage on the Mayflower from England (Urdang, 1996). We will explore family life in England, written from research material, artifacts, wills, census, parish registers and county records.
We will look at the evolution of family life over the centuries, looking at narrative, pictorial, photographic, literary and oral accounts.
The family looked at in depth will be one that can trace its origins in rural and maritime Suffolk from the sixteenth century to the present day, using examples from parish registers.
This course will provide the reader with a history of the Crusades from 1095-1261 from the viewpoint of both the Crusaders and the Arabs. It is through reading this history that one is made aware of the true meanings of Arabian and European heraldry and chivalry. Through this course students will have the opportunity to study and interpret from a historical and archaeological perspective various extracts from Biblical texts both from the Old and the New Testaments. It is not required that students have any prior knowledge of either Hebrew or Greek, although this would be an asset. It is very important that students show an aptitude to study Biblical texts from a critical perspective, especially those extracts that deal specifically with genealogical information.
Although the Bible will be the basis for this course, students will have the opportunity to delve into other Near Eastern texts. Students will focus on Phoenician and Punic inscriptions, which are the only historical records that the Phoenicians have ever written.
Two modules are selected by all students in which students are required to develop a practical project in teaching or in developing a business or project for a genealogical work situation.A Module XV Contemporary Adult Learning Theories- Practical Applications - 3 creditsThis course will explore contemporary adult learning theories that can be applied to the participants teaching genealogy in the changing world of our information society. The emphasis of the course will be an analysis of the contemporary learning theories, models and strategies. Participants will explore the philosophical, historical, and legislative bases of these theories.
Participants will learn a wide variety of accepted principles, techniques and theories they can apply to their teaching and presentations in genealogy. Adult learning theories related to past techniques of learning will be investigated for opinions, interest, and thinking about successful teaching presentations in professional genealogical work. Topics will include, but are not limited to, structural differences in distance learning programs, benefits of online learning ,startup factors, marketing issues, technological issues, future trends, and international education considerations. The student will analyze classic and post modern models of the curriculum development process and learn how to develop a situational analysis, write objectives, explore various modes of organizing the content of a curriculum, identify and apply criteria in selection of methods and develop a curriculum evaluation. Students will be required to write a curriculum for a beginning genealogy program in continuing education for a community college.
The course will inform the student on business ethics and legalities, how to manage their business, and help define the type of business the student is interested in operating. Students will also learn how to develop a mission statement and business plan, bookkeeping, and record keeping. Students will study types of research methodologies, parts of a research project, how to frame a problem statement and the design of questionnaires, and interviews. The levels of learning in Blooma€™ s Taxonomy will be addressed.A section will be devoted to Grounded Theory as a generic qualitative methodology and its usefulness in genealogy. Former home of the College of Preceptors, designed by Frederick Pinches, Bloomsbury Square (South side), London WC1.



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