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Introduction Introduction Many times students have not had to manage their time efficiently prior to vocational education because they are bright and weren't really challenged in high school. If you can identify with any part of the above paragraph, working on improving your time management may be beneficial to you.
ACTIVITY To begin this program, on a piece of paper make a list of the top five ways you waste your time. Determining Your Score When you have answered all the questions, to your Time Management Quiz When you have answered all the questions, to your Time Management Quiz Scores it, by adding the points for each question. Four Steps to Improving Your Time Management There are four strategies that can be Very useful for managing time more effectively. Number of Hours per Day Number of Days per week Number of hours per week On the average, how many hours do you sleep in each 24 hour period, including those afternoon naps?
Assessment My hours indicates that I don't have 50 hours a week to study but I need to study this much to make the grades I want to make. I do have 30 or more hours a week to study but I don't use them effectively The next page in this program discusses several strategies for making your schedule work more effectively.
Identify your best time of the day Research studies show that what we can accomplish in 60 minutes when we're less fatigued will take as much as 90 minutes to accomplish when we are more fatigued. Study difficult or boring Subject 1 st Study difficult or boring Subject 1 st Study subjects that are more of a challenge to you first when you are less fatigued. Use the same place to study every time Use the same place to study every time Studying in the same place each day is like going to class in the same room. Use the library Libraries are good places to study because this is the only activity we do in this environment.
Avoid Distractions Many things can provide a distraction to studying if we are looking for ways to procrastinate.
Use waiting time If you use public transportation to commute to and from campus, there is probably some waiting time involved.
Treat school as a full-time job Treat school as a full-time job Try to accomplish as many of your school tasks as possible within a concentrated period of time, such as 8 a.m. As NHTSA and the nation's Emergency Medical Services (EMS) family celebrate the first thirty years of organized EMS and prepare for the many challenges of appropriately serving our communities into the Twenty First Century, our continuing goal is to reduce unnecessary death and disability.
Our continuing partnership with the Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, provided us with the opportunity to take an important step in pursuit of this expanded goal, through the development of the "Leadership Guide to Quality Improvement for Emergency Medical Services Systems".
Quality is anything that enhances the product or services from the viewpoint of the customer (patient). With the rapidly changing health care environment, EMS must determine how it can best serve community health, while remaining the public's emergency medical safety net. The Leadership Guide is presented in a loose-leaf format to allow for addition of new materials and notes resulting from continued study and growth in the area of quality improvement. NHTSA plans to develop additional materials and programs to contribute to continued growth in this important area and we would strongly encourage EMS leaders at all levels to embark on this journey with us. Jason Paluck, Emergency Health Services Department, University of Maryland-Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland. Since the enactment of the National Highway Safety Act of 1966, and the formal beginning of emergency medical services (EMS), the common goal of EMS systems has been to reduce unnecessary death and disability. This manual provides a useful guide for EMS system leaders to use to improve quality within their organizations. Leadership involves efforts by senior leadership and management leading by example to integrate quality improvement into the strategic planning process and throughout the entire organization and to promote quality values and QI techniques in work practices.
Human Resource Development and Management involves working to develop the full potential of the EMS workforce.
EMS System Results entails assessing the quality results achieved and examining the organization's success at achieving quality improvement.
Satisfaction of Patients and Other Stakeholders involves ensuring ongoing satisfaction by those internal and external to the EMS system with the services provided. Experience from other fields shows that integrating QI into an organization or system takes several years. Your EMS organization or system will begin its QI journey when the leaders begin the process of learning about the theory, techniques and benefits of quality improvement. Stage II establishes the structural foundation necessary to fully integrate QI into the strategic planning process. As you look at each of the Baldrige categories and their implications for structural and procedural changes in your EMS organization, keep in mind a very important concept: the most important results for achievement are improved health of EMS patients, improved quality of EMS services, and improved efficiency of resource use. The remainder of this manual covers the application of each of the seven Baldrige categories to EMS. Everyone working in EMS can find ways to promote quality and efficiency, to improve all aspects of the EMS system, and to promote excellence and personal accountability. EMS managers, reviewing ambulance response performance over time, discover that the goal of on-scene arrival within 6 minutes after notification only happens about 20% of the time.
Quality can be built into all EMS activities and services and can be assured by continuous examination to identify potential improvements. Leaders create the opportunity for workers to suggest improvements and act quickly to make needed changes in production process. The Japanese have a saying: "Every defect is a treasure", meaning that errors and failures are opportunities for improvement.
Improved performance cannot occur unless workers feel comfortable that they can speak truthfully and are confident that their suggestions will be taken seriously. Barriers between organizations or between departments within one organization are obstacles to effective QI.
Eliminate slogans, exhortations, and targets for the workforce for zero defects and new levels of productivity. The problem with such exhortations is that they put the burden for quality on worker performance instead of poor system design.
For Deming, work production standards and rates, tied to incentive pay, are inappropriate because they burn out the workforce in the long run. EMS workers can improve their lives through education and ever-broadening career and life opportunities.
Juran also developed the idea of instituting a leadership group or "Quality Council", consisting of the organization's senior executive staff. Quality Improvement - creation of special teams to plan, test, and implement new methods to reach unprecedented levels of performance.

The QI principles and methods of Deming, Juran and Crosby provide a basic foundation for most QI efforts. The Emergency Medical Service (EMS) leader's role in promoting and developing QI begins with creating and sustaining a personal and an organizational focus on the needs of internal and external customers and consumers. EMS leaders must insure that all organizational and system processes focus on the needs of patients and other stakeholders.
Operational goals and objectives are defined within the strategic quality planning process and provide day-to-day direction for system progress. People perform better and strive harder to succeed when they feel personally invested in their work. Through careful planning and transition, managers can maintain authority and responsibility while, at the same time, increase the autonomy of and input from staff.
Senior EMS leadership must also create opportunities for managers to develop and improve their management skills within the context of the QI effort. Managers should also be encouraged and supported in their efforts to demonstrate to the entire organization their ongoing commitment to quality improvement.
All members of the EMS leadership system should assess how well they each "walk the talk" of quality improvement.
EMS organizations are part of the communities they serve and can contribute to community well-being in the same sense that every citizen is expected to contribute. The efficient collection and management of data and its transformation into useful information are fundamental to a successful Quality Improvement program. Standardization of data refers to the organization's efforts to make uniform its data sets, data definitions, codes, classifications, and terminology across departments and services, as well as to make them compatible with external data bases.
Timely data provides accurate, up-to-date information about the performance level of key processes in the EMS agency or system. Define the EMS Data Set: Define the minimum data set needed to accommodate the evaluation of key performance areas. Specify Requirements for Registry Participation: Define data collection and submission requirements - including checks for data quality, completeness and timeliness - format of data submission, and operational definitions. Provide Registry Software: Software that meets reporting requirements is vital for successful data collection and analysis. Support Statewide Programs in Data Quality: Ensuring the integrity of data and data collection procedures is a fundamental component of an EMS data and information system. Determine the Contents of Data Analysis Reports: The content and frequency of data analysis reports determine how and how well data will be used in QI activities. Planning: Planning for all the various data management activities is crucial at the local level, since it is here that most of the data is collected. Procedures for collecting and recording data should be specific, well-defined, and reflect an understanding and appreciation for the working environment of the providers who collect the data. Check Data: Registry software should perform checks for data quality and require that data anomalies be resolved and records "closed" before they are reported on or transferred to an intermediate or statewide database.
Data Quality Program: Data quality and timeliness are key to the success of the QI program, and provider training is a significant determinant of data quality. Statewide Level: By virtue of its statewide perspective, the state EMS Office can be particularly useful in evaluating the effectiveness of data management.
Understanding customers and markets: EMS serves entire communities and populations-at-risk. What other technologies may potentially compete with EMS system components (e.g., telephone advice systems, interactive TV, Internet searching and information exchange as a substitute for 911)? Strategic quality planning is neither magical nor mysterious; it is simply an organized method of determining where an EMS system or organization wants to be and how it plans to get there. EMS systems involve many different organizations and individuals with separate authorities, management, and governing bodies, each of which may have its own strategic quality planning process.
The activities of each level of EMS (state, regional and local EMS organization) are different, but complimentary. Strategic quality planning at the state EMS level differs from strategic planning at the local or agency level.
The state EMS strategic quality plan serves as the roadmap for achieving quality improvement in EMS for the entire state.
A vision statement provides a futuristic look at and broad guidance for the EMS agency or system.
While development of the vision statement is directed by the leaders of the state, regional, or local EMS system, the system or agency "players" should be deeply involved in the development process. Typically, a vision statement would be a short, motivational description of the EMS system's ideal condition.
Emergency Medical Services of the future is a community-based health management system that is fully integrated with the overall health care system. EMS represents the intersection of public safety, public health, and medical care systems. As one component of a varied and complex health care system, EMS will be significantly impacted by the continuing evolution of health care. Now you can Subtract to find out how many hours remain for studying, since this is not one of the activities included on the previous page. Most schools recommend that students study at least two hours outside of class for every hour spent in class, although some recommend even more. As you read this page, think about which of these strategies might be most helpful for making better use of your study time.
Here are some strategies that you may find helpful to try if your schedule is not working as efficiently or effectively as you would like. Studying at your best time of the day, whether that is morning, afternoon, or early evening, will enable you to complete your assignments in less time.
Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, in the interest of information exchange.
Since quality improvement is based on management by fact, information and analyses are critical to QI success.
Within the context of quality improvement, process management refers to the improvement of work activities and work flow across functional or department boundaries. High quality organizations tend to think of their suppliers as "partners" in their operation.
This requires close cooperation between those who provide services and those who consume services.

The role of the state EMS leadership is to meet the needs of regional leaders who in turn meet the needs of local agencies. Personnel who focus on data quality can also provide ongoing data-related training and independently abstract run data to check the accuracy and reliability of field data and data collection procedures. Providers need a thorough understanding of all operational definitions, the applications and importance of data, those activities necessary to ensure data completeness and quality, and prescribed procedures for data collection. Strategic quality planning is not something separate from the EMS system; rather, it is an integral, ongoing part of the system.
Strategic quality planning, as well as the entire QI process itself, should occur at the local, regional, and state EMS system level.
The situation often changes in after high school, because everyone who goes on after high school, did well in high school but the full range of grades are assigned. In this program, you will be given the opportunity to assess where your time goes and make some decisions about changes you would like to make to use your time more effectively. If you have a high total score (15 is the maximum score possible), this indicates that you are using effective time management techniques.
On the average, how many hours a day do you spend on meals, including preparation and clean- up time? If you were going to reduce these hours, what would you have to do to make this change in your schedule? Save, subjects you like to study for later, when you are feeling more tired but need to continue to study to keep up with your work.
You begin to associate a particular activity with a particular location so when you are in that location, you and able to focus on the task at hand more quickly.
If there are reasons you choose not to use the library, try to find another location outside of your room that provides a good study environment and is relatively free of distractions. This is a great time to study discrete pieces of information such as learning vocabulary for a foreign language class or memorizing a chemical reaction sequence.
There is no one right way to manage your time; however, it is important to get to know yourself so you can make good decisions about how to use your time. If your total score is low, it may be helpful to learn some techniques for using your study time more effectively.
X How much time do you spend commuting to and from campus and how many times do you do this during a week? When trying any new strategy, it is important to practice it regularly and to practice it long enough that you have a way of evaluating whether or not it is helping. Some students who received A's and B's in high school are now receiving C's and D's in college or vocational education. If you perceive that this is an area of If you perceive that this is an area of that needs improvement, this program that needs improvement, this program is for you. Include the amount of time it takes to park and walk from your car or the bus stop to class. Combining the 25 hours a week in class and the 50 study hours outside of class students will should plan on spending about 45 hours a week on schoolwork. It will be easier to find the motivation to study something you find enjoyable when you are tired than for a subject you dread studying. Studying on your bed or in your bedroom is not advised because you probably associate your bed and bedroom with sleeping, not studying.
For the next few weeks, try to find ways to reduce the frequency with which these distracters are interfering with your study time. Write this information on note cards and carry them with you so you can study your cards during your waiting time. If you use these hours either for attending class or studying, you'll have much more free time in the evenings and on the weekends to spend time with friends. While specific activities may differ depending on the jurisdiction of the organization, the developmental stages of QI integration will be the same for local, regional, or statewide EMS organizations. The vision statement is unique to that service and is consistent with the local system and state vision statements. This might mean that finding another place to study would be helpful For the next few weeks, try to find ways to reduce the frequency with which these distracters are interfering with your study time. Those receiving lower grades are probably no less capable than those receiving higher grades but often their study skills, including time management, are less effective. Throughout the program, you will learn Throughout the program, you will learn ways to Use your time more ways to Use your time more effectively. We all have 168 hours in a week to use as we wish; however, some people make better use of this time than others. X On the average, how many hours do you spend each week doing co-curricular activities (student organizations, working out, church, etc.)? If you begin a new strategy after one test on which you didn't perform as well as you would like, try a new strategy until you receive the results of the next test to get an idea whether the new strategy is working for you. If you perceive that this is an area of your life that needs improvement, this program is for you. Some of the items are done every day so those will need to be multiplied by 7 to arrive at a weekly total. One item may be done any number of times a week so you'll need to multiply that one by the number of times each week you do it. These groups provide an excellent forum for the development of leadership expertise and consensus on regional and statewide quality improvement direction and policy. On the average, how many hours per week do you spend with friends, going out, watching TV, going to parties, etc? Add the number of hours you are spending each week engaged in daily living activities and school activities. After you have responded to all the questions, you'll have an opportunity to see how many hours remain during the week for studying.

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time management strategies in nursing practice krems

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