Types of organizational communication theories,english speaking classes in mumbai borivali west,communication problems 2 year old,drugs change your eyes - 2016 Feature

There are three types of channels in formal communication: upward, downward, of horizontal. These can be messages sent from a regular employee, to the management, to the CEO or president of a company. Hence, organizational communication is considered as a unified activity, making the process productive to achieve some specific goals.Organizational communication provides social inputs into a social (organizational) system, by which managers try to modify the behaviour to effect change. In the case of excessive authority layers, information reaches to its final destination passing through several hierarchical levels. Basically,  people in informal communication can talk and communicate freely amongst themselves, not necessarily in a group either. High integrity of the sender and consistency in verbal and non-verbal messages increase the chance of acceptance of communication by the receiver.In organization, internally, managers communicate at different hierarchical levels, groups, departments and, externally, to customers, suppliers and other external stakeholders. When a manager gives oral presentation, it is important for him to understand the purpose and the audience and then frame the style of delivery.Thus organizational communication is basically intended to influence action in a positive way, so as to achieve organizational goals.
Perceptual differences: Perception is the unique way in which people respond or interpret an object. It for example, a subscriber of BTTB’s land phone in Bangladesh may positively react to the government’s move to privatize BTTB expecting a better service. But an employee of BTTB might view this as step to cut jobs and retrench existing employees. Although it is difficult to draw a fine line between organizational communication types, a general understanding at least will enable managers to adopt the right approach. To take an example, a business communication approach is different from a communication, which is intended for team building. Depending on the organizational requirements, managers make use of different types of communication. Stereotyping: Stereotyping is generalizing about a class of people or events that is widely held by a given culture.
In case of stereotyping, people develop communication statements and mindsets about others. Business Communications: It includes all communication, which managers need to do in the business context. Effective business communication requires both the understanding of business and the style of communication.

For example, “All used car salesmen are dishonest,” or “All foreign recruiting agents are liars.” Such all inclusive perceptions not only are seldom correct but they also block mental activity that is necessary for successful communication.
Halo Effect: The halo effect is the tendency to use a general impression based on one or a few characteristics to judge other characteristics of that same individual. Managerial Communications: Managerial communication emphasizes the achievement of specific organizational objectives by adopting suitable communication strategies. For example, a manger might identify one trait of an employee, such as an excellent attendance record, and perceive that the employee’s productivity and quality of work must also be outstanding. To take an example, in disciplining an earring worker, who is otherwise a good performer, may require the organization to develop a warning letter, without hurting the sentiments but arguing logically, to sensitize the conscience of the worker.
Inattention: Sometimes communication does not reach due to the inattention of the receiver. Similarly, a letter to a payment-defaulting customer, who otherwise had a good track record of meeting payment commitments, requires us to be more strategic in communication.Organizational communications are made with an established communication networks and the communication flow within an organization, nurturing an organizational climate.
Suitable strategy for organizational communication ensures transparency and makes people adaptable to a particular communication culture. Semantic problem arises when words and symbols have different meanings for different people that lead to a misunderstanding. For examples, an advertisement states, “we sell for less.” It is ambiguous and raises the question: less than what? Human Relations and Team Building: These types of communications in organizations are intended to harmonize interpersonal relations.
In another case, during meeting, a male colleague said to one of his female colleague, “Why don’t you dye it?” meaning her hair. Interpersonal communications do not limit only with the co-workers; it even extends to customer relations.
The female colleague thought he said, “Why don’t you diet?” she did not speak to him for a month. Hence, effectiveness of this type of communication requires us in understanding the fundamentals of behavioural dynamics of people like, differences in perception, differences in the nature of motivation, common behavioural strategies, establishing rapport, developing mutual respect and reaching consensus.4. Sales Communication: Sales communications are designed to achieve sales objectives and encompass advertising, telephone etiquette, face-to-face communication.
Information overload is the situation when a person is given too much information at a time.

Faulty expression: Faulty expression of message fails to convey exact meaning to the receiver. Hence, developing a sales communication that elicits positive response from the target customers is an art. It happens due to lack of clarity, use of vague terms, badly expressed information, improper organization of ideas etc. Marketing managers get special training on sales communication to make their efforts more result oriented.5. Status or power difference: Communication problem may arise when people of different power or status try to communicate with each other.
Report Writing: This type of communication focuses on written reports, more analytic in nature.
For example, the manger of a company may neglect suggestion from his subordinates simply because of difference in their status. Since this report clarifies queries, which may be raised by the users, it has to be written in simple and understandable language.6. Negative attitudes to change: Some people always resist any kind of change in the organization. Communication Technology and Electronic Communication: IT-enabled communication systems or electronic communication mode has drastically changed with the advancement of technology. Therefore, they create problems in communication through inattention, false interpretation, rumor, resistance and non-cooperation.
With the increasing spate of computerization, organizations worldwide now make use of this communication mode to spread their customer reach.7. International Communication: International communication requires customization of communication system of an organization, duly accounting the cultural differences.
With globalization, organizations now require to match with the cross-cultural expectations and behaviour of people while entering into verbal and non-verbal communication with their international clients.The specific communication type that is suitable in a particular case depends on organizational choice, keeping in view the intent or the purpose.
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