Guidelines for low fat low cholesterol diet guidelines,recommended diet for quick weight loss,how much exercise to lose weight without diet,eating eggs make you lose weight - For Begninners

18.09.2013
Governments here and abroad have been cautioning the public for decades on the dangers of high fat diets.
One of the problems is that there is consistent inverse association in the percentage of energy coming from fats and sugars.
That's no surprise as previous studies such as a two-year dietary study published in the journal Diabetologia showed that food with a lot of fat and few carbohydrates has a better effect on blood sugar levels and blood lipids. Research from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem shows that a carefully scheduled high-fat diet can lead to a reduction in body weight and a unique metabolism in which ingested fats are not stored, but rather used for energy at times when no food is available. Professor David Lawrence, an expert in nutrition and obesity data analysis, said recently in the journal BMC Medicine that the idea the idea of all calories being equal is flawed and based 'on an outdated understanding of the science'.
Calories from different sources have different effects on the body, with calories from carbohydrates more likely to encourage weight gain. Calories from different sources have different effects on the body, with calories from carbohydrates more likely to encourage weight gain.
Not only is the calorie theory under attack, but evidence is also emerging to show that lowering fat might not cut heart-disease risk after all. A major study published in the authoritative New England Journal of Medicine compared the clinical benefits of a conventional low-fat diet with two types of Mediterranean diet, which are naturally considerably higher in fat. The study had to be stopped early because the heart attack and stroke rate in the Mediterranean options was so much lower it was deemed irresponsible to keep patients on the conventional diet.
A study led by Cara Ebbeling, PhD, associate director and David Ludwig, MD, director of the New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center Boston Children's Hospital, found diets that reduce the surge in blood sugar after a meal--either low-glycemic index or very-low carbohydrate-may be preferable to a low-fat diet for those trying to achieve lasting weight loss. Weight re-gain is often attributed to a decline in motivation or adherence to diet and exercise, but biology also plays an important role. The study suggests that a low-glycemic load diet is more effective than conventional approaches at burning calories (and keeping energy expenditure) at a higher rate after weight loss.
Faced with mounting evidence, Swedish dietary experts recently made a dramatic U-turn, recommending a low-carb, rather than low-fat, diet for weight loss. The bombshell came from the Council on Health Technology Assessment, which advises the Swedish government. The most important of these hormones, and the one that's crucial for weight loss, is insulin. A low-carb and high-fat diet means less insulin, making it easier to lose weight because less fat is then stored.
Dramatic new evidence for this has come from a unique experiment conducted by a personal trainer. Now, according to the conventional wisdom, the weight gain would be the same on both regimens. Sam, who survived childhood cancer (Hodgkin's lymphoma), wondered if his usual low-carb diet was the key, and set about his experiment to find out. For the low-carb, high-fat part of the experiment, Sam got his 5,000 calories from foods such as eggs, mackerel (which is very fatty), steak, green veg and coconut oil, interspersed with three snacks of nuts - walnuts, pecans or almonds (which are naturally high in fat). While 72 percent of his total calorie intake came from fats, 22 percent came from protein and just 5.9 percent from carbs. With the high-carb diet, most of his calories (63 percent) came from carbohydrates, 13 percent from protein, and 22 percent from fat.
He ate garlic bread, low-fat lasagna, crumpets, low-fat yogurts and rice pudding, chocolate muffins and wholewheat bread.
Admittedly the types of fat on his high-fat diet weren't your usual fatty foods, such as cream and butter. While Sam's experiment was by no means a scientific one, as well as the weight gain, what was even more striking was what an unhealthy effect the high carbohydrate regimen had on standard markers for heart health.
For when Sam had his blood tested after his three weeks on high carbs, 'the diet effectively gave him metabolic syndrome which is a precursor to heart disease and diabetes. Particularly worrying was that his triglycerides (fats in his blood) had gone up four times, while his so-called 'good' (HDL) cholesterol had dropped. What's more, a level of inflammation in his liver had doubled, which is also linked with diabetes and heart disease.
Did the fact that, as a personal trainer, Sam was obviously very fit at the start of his trial make a difference? Research has already shown that if you are eating a high-carb diet, and so have high levels of insulin, you are likely to have more fat in your blood than someone on a high-fat diet. He argues that - as seen with Sam - a high-carb diet tends to lower the good HDL cholesterol that helps keep arteries clear. At the same time, as glucose from carbs is turned into fat for storage in the body, fatty acids are also produced.
Recent research supports the idea that warning about saturated fat in the diet has probably been a mistake.
Demonizing fat and encouraging people to eat more carbs can be harmful to people with heart disease, says Dr Malhotra. Those eating low-carb these days are much more flexible about the amount of fat they get. Western governments have yet to acknowledge the Swedish style U-turn in healthy eating advice.
We are spending billions trying to cope with metabolic diseases such as diabetes, cancer and obesity and the emphasis on low-fat diets is only promoting the metabolic pathways which encourage these diseases.
The bottom line is to commit to educating yourself on the healthiest nutritional strategies for your health and not follow any recommendations by government, unless perhaps if you live in Sweden. Natasha Longo has a master's degree in nutrition and is a certified fitness and nutritional counselor. Following a cholesterol lowering diet is important, as your diet to control high cholesterol is as important for lowering your cholesterol as doing lots of exercise. You can avoid the high cholesterol symptoms and effects of high cholesterol by following a few simple cholesterol guidelines, and avoiding foods high in cholesterol in favor of low cholesterol foods is important. You can find ways of naturally lowering cholesterol with cholesterol lowering foods, and a diet to lower high cholesterol will be the secret to your success.
Before getting into some of the foods that you need to eat in your cholesterol lowering diet, it is important to know what the various high cholesterol symptoms are. In reality, there will not be too many indications that you have high cholesterol, as it is not something that causes visible results. However, one good indication that you may have high cholesterol is the inner tube around your midsection.
The obesity is the visible symptom of the high fat content in your body, and high cholesterol levels are the invisible but very dangerous symptoms. If there is too much cholesterol in your body, one of the most common symptoms that you will experience is probably going to be chest pains. When your body can’t circulate enough blood through your body, it causes pains in your heart due to the fact that your poor heart is working double time to try to get blood through your body.
You will probably feel minor pains at first, though the pains may eventually develop into sharp, agonizing pains known as heart attacks. Many people need to be aware of these high cholesterol symptoms, especially if their family has a history of heart disease.
Those older than 40 years old are already at risk of high cholesterol and heart problems, and those that smoke, drink too much, and have high blood pressure have a much higher chance of serious problems developing. If you notice that your body is getting overweight, it is important to get tested for high cholesterol and start yourself on a cholesterol lowering diet before things get out of hand. Angina – Angina is the fancy medical term for chest pain, but it is also one of the side effects of high cholesterol.
Stroke – When the cholesterol accumulates along the walls of your arteries, it tends to oxidize and harden into a plaque-like substance. Heart attack – A heart attack is basically the same thing as a stroke, with the only difference being that the clot forms in one of the blood vessels pumping blood to your heart instead of to your brain. Arrhythmias – When your heart has to work overtime to pump blood through your arteries and veins due to the blockages or constricted passageways, there is often the risk that arrhythmias will set in. High blood pressure – The constriction and obstruction of the blood vessels forces your hard to work extra hard to get the blood running through your veins properly, and thus your heart will start to get more tired due to the high blood pressure.
Atherosclerosis – Atherosclerosis is the name given to the condition when your veins and arteries narrow. These are just a few of the effects of high cholesterol, but it is important to be very aware that any of these effects can result in death.
Do you want some cholesterol guidelines that can help you to know what to eat, how much of certain things to add to your diet, and how to remain healthy and keep your cholesterol levels low?
Saturated fat is the kind of fat that causes heart disease, so it is important that you keep your consumption of saturated fats to as low a level as possible. Trans fats are just as bad as saturated fats, but they are found in oils and processed foods instead of dairy products.
Cut down the amount of foods you consume that contain these trans fats, as they are directly linked to heart problems and high cholesterol. Polyunsaturated fats are usually found in natural oils made from seeds, and these fats can be good for you in limited amounts.
If you can consume no more than 10% of your daily caloric intake in the form of these fats, you should be able to keep your LDL cholesterol very low. Monounsaturated fats are also found in natural oils, and these fats can be beneficial for your body if you keep consumption limited. The recommended amount of these fats that you should eat is 20%, but it should be balanced out to ensure that you are getting very limited amounts of fat in your diet.
The total amount of your diet that should be fats is between 25 and 35 percent, though it is always best to stay towards the lower end of this number. Going above 35% increases your risk of cholesterol problems significantly, so be certain to keep your consumption of fats limited. If you can get at least 20 to 30 grams of fiber on a daily basis, you can bet that your body will naturally be able to get rid of the cholesterol on its own. It will be hard to consume this much fiber, but it is the most effective way to get rid of all the nasty cholesterol. This is one of the most important things to keep in mind as you are planning your cholesterol lowering diet: your total caloric intake should be lower than the amount you burn.
Make sure that you know exactly how many calories your body needs to be healthy, and try to consume at least 500 calories fewer than that number.
These are a few cholesterol guidelines to help you stay healthy and have a long and happy life.
If you want to follow a true cholesterol lowering diet, you will have to figure out which foods are the best to eat. If you want to stay healthy, you will need to eat foods that will help to keep your cholesterol in check.
There are certain foods to avoid high cholesterol, and these foods will be very effective at helping you limit the amount of LDL cholesterol that remains in your body.
Make sure that you keep nuts and dried fruits as a healthy snack, and toss all the junk food from your pantry in favor of these healthy snacks. Always have a bowl of oats to get your day started, as oats contain lots of soluble fiber that will help your body to get rid of all those unhealthy LDL particles. Switch out a spoonful of white vinegar instead of butter for keeping the moisture in your pan. These are a few foods that you can use to help you as you follow a cholesterol lowering diet, and these will be an excellent addition to your diet to control high cholesterol. These foods are all going to have a negative effect on your cholesterol level, so it is best to avoid these foods in your cholesterol lowering diet in order to prevent health and heart problems. These are the foods that you should try to get more of, but you would do well to visit your doctor or a nutritionist if you are trying to control your cholesterol.
If you are in a pinch and you need to lower cholesterol with a cholesterol lowering diet, there are certain foods that will be very effective at getting rid of your cholesterol. Oats contain lots of soluble fiber, and everyone knows that the cholesterol particles stick to the fiber particles and are eliminated by the body. Eating a bowl of oats in the morning will help to keep your body as cholesterol free as possible, and will seriously lower your LDL cholesterol while raising your HDL cholesterol. Most of the seeds and nuts that you can eat will be incredibly good for your health, and will be very effective at helping to lower your cholesterol. Sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, almonds, walnuts, cashews and all the rest contain natural oils that will boost your body’s production of HDL cholesterol.
There are certain kinds of fish that contain lots of Omega 3 fatty acids, and these acids will help to dispose of all the triglycerides in your body.
Omega 3 helps to reduce your risk of heart diease and stroke as a result of its ability to prevent blood clots, so it is best to eat as much as possible of these things in order to stay healthy.
Wed, May 11, 2011 a€” In recent years a fierce debate has raged among nutrition experts over the wisdom of prevailing dietary guidelines that emphasize eating less saturated fat. CHAPEL HILL, NC a€” If you love bacon, butter and fried chicken, the idea that a high-fat diet might be good for you can be seductive. One expert at the University of California, San Francisco argues that we should worry more about sugar a€” which he calls both "toxic" and "evil" a€” than about fat. These ideas, referred to collectively as a€?the alternative hypothesis,a€? suggest that filling up on carbohydrates, which are found in foods such as cookies, bread, pasta and potatoes, is making Americans heavier and more prone to heart attacks, strokes and diabetes.
Amanda Holliday, MS, RD, LDN, a clinical associate professor in the Department of Nutrition at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, said that eating fat does play an important role in maintaining good health. But the consensus within the scientific community still supports limiting your intake of saturated and trans fats, said Suzanne Hobbs, DrPH, MS, RD, FADA, a clinical associate professor of nutrition and health policy at UNC. When nutritionists began to advocate a low-fat diet decades ago, Hobbs said, they recommended that consumers replace fat in their diets with healthier foods.
In the midst of this advertising blitz, many consumers missed the message that achieving a healthy diet meant reducing their consumption of sweets, refined carbohydrates, saturated and trans fats, while increasing the intake of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
Beware of diets that suggest avoiding entire food groups, such as high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets. Rather than trying to eliminate a particular food group, you should aim for a balanced diet, Holliday said. Avoid trans fats, which are healthy fats that have been transformed during processing into fats that wona€™t spoil quickly.
Research published in the journal Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition shows why people find it hard to follow government guidelines to cut their fat and sugar intake at the same time -- a phenomenon known as the sugar-fat seesaw. Despite the increased fat intake with a larger portion of saturated fatty acids, their lipoproteins did not get worse. Furthermore, the study found that the low-glycemic index diet had similar metabolic benefits to the very low-carb diet without negative effects of stress and inflammation as seen by participants consuming the very low-carb diet. After weight loss, the rate at which people burn calories (known as energy expenditure) decreases, reflecting slower metabolism. Based on a review of 16,000 studies, it said the best sorts of food for losing weight were high fat foods which could include anything oils like olive and coconut.
A high-carb diet increases the amount of glucose in the bloodstream, which in turn means you produce more insulin. For three weeks he got these calories from a low-fat, high-carb diet; for another three, he ate more fat and cut right back on carbs. I've personally been on many of these public policy and procurement programs investing hundreds of hours of my time trying to convince officials that food pyramids have to be thrown out the window along with many recommended foods they hold praise to. She has consulted on public health policy and procurement in Canada, Australia, Spain, Ireland, England and Germany.
Homeopathic individualized medicines versus fluoxetine for moderate to severe depression: double-blind, randomized non-inferiority trial.
Those that have a few extra pounds in places where they shouldn’t are usually the ones with high cholesterol, as the extra weight means more fat in their body due to improper diet and lack of exercise.
As mentioned above, it is both a symptom and a side effect, as the cholesterol clots prevent the blood from reaching the heart and causes pain.


When too much plaque forms, it can prevent the blood from flowing properly through the arteries. Arrhythmias is basically your heart beating a strange beat, as it hard to work harder and pump extra to get enough blood to the entire body. High blood pressure is a serious problem that can lead to a heart attack or heart failure, and is something that should be avoided at all costs.
Normally the walls of your blood vessels are flexible and can move, but atherosclerosis causes them to get very stiff and constricted.
This means that the arteries feeding blood to your legs, arms, or other extremity are blocked, meaning that your limb isn’t getting enough blood.
Preventing these side effects by following a cholesterol lowering diet is of the utmost importance if you want to live a long and happy life. If you consume less than you burn, your body will dip into the reserves of fat around the body, and will burn up your cholesterol. Fish is one of the best things that you can eat, as it is very rich in protein, contains very little fat when compared to meat, usually contains Omega 3 and other fatty acids, and contains more minerals and nutrients than meat. Rather than deep frying foods, slathering your bread with butter, and eating a lot of foods that are processed or refined, start cooking healthy foods to eat. If you want to succeed with any diet, you have to be sure that you are getting the right foods in the right amounts. Rather than reaching for a delicious, sugary snack, why not grab a piece of fruit for snack?
By eating these low cholesterol foods in their correct amounts, you can be sure that you are as healthy as possible.
Two experts from the UNC Department of Nutrition cut through the chatter and explain what you can do to eat healthy. Robert Atkins, the author of bestselling diet books, suggested that carbohydrates, not fats, were the true diet villains. You need to consume fats to obtain some vitamins, and the unsaturated fats found in plant oils, certain vegetables and fish can actually reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Most medical researchers believe that saturated fats, which are found in animal products such as butter, dairy and meat, increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
But then many companies started offering packaged foods that were low in fat but high in sugar and refined flour. Such diets may deprive your body of essential nutrients and increase your risk of cardiovascular disease, Holliday said. Theya€™re usually listed on food labels as a€?hydrogenateda€? or a€?partially hydrogenateda€? oils. You'll still see this on most food pyramids regulated by government policy on diet and nutrition. Lower energy expenditure adds to the difficulty of weight maintenance and helps explain why people tend to re-gain lost weight.
I was really surprised that the damaging changes had happened so quickly," stated Dr. All content on this site may be copied, without permission, whether reproduced digitally or in print, provided copyright, reference and source information are intact and use is strictly for not-for-profit purposes. Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, UNIFESP (Federal University of SA?o Paulo, Brazil), Av Rouxinol, 1041 cj. When there is a clot around the brain, the blood vessels trying to feed blood to your brain cannot get through the blockage. Your blood won’t be able to pass through the vessels, and the risk of cracks appearing is much higher. Focus on eating more whole grains, and stop eating full fat dairy products when low fat will do. You have to actually plan your diet in order to succeed, as that is the only way that you will be able to truly control the amounts of food that you are eating.
Better yet, replace snacks with a nice green shake or a glass of water, and always make the healthy choice to avoid high cholesterol. Meanwhile, articles from The New York Times to The Los Angeles Times have also advanced the notion that fat isna€™t as bad for you as conventional wisdom suggests. Trans fats, which are created during food processing, may be even more harmful than those that occur naturally.
When the body is exposed to a high-carb low-fat meal, the pancreas works hard at overshooting the secretion of insulin which then causes the excess to be stored as fat. Your brain basically dies a little bit when it can’t get oxygen, and this is a stroke.
Atherosclerosis can either block the blood vessels partially or completely, but it is very serious either way. There is a need for large-scale longitudinal data on treatment utilization and outcomes, stress, emotion, and pain.
The fact is, contrary to official advice by our diet dictocrats, high-fat diets lower blood sugar, improve blood lipids, and reduce obesity.
Randomized long-term trial of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type-1 diabetes. Patients are recruited from web sites for patient advocacy and health enhancement programs.
Therefore this long-term study was undertaken to assess the efficacy, safety and acceptability of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type 1 diabetic patients. Methods: In this 2-year randomized clinical parallel design study, 24 patients with type 1 diabetes were enrolled and divided in 2 groups.
Group I (n=12) received usual care (ie, diet, exercise, and insulin), and group II (n=12) received 500 mL camel milk in addition to diet, exercise, and insulin. Previous studies have found that between 30% and 60% of pediatric neurology patients have used CAM at some point in their lives. Whereas, the effect of vitamin C on conventional photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumor cells has been documented, the mechanism of vitamin C induced increase in tumor cell response to PDT is unclear.
In this report we demonstrate the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 significantly increases its apoptotic activity in tumor cells.
Interestingly, we observed that the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 only and not its addition to a prior photo-exposed mixture to MC540 is critical for its enhanced sensitivity. These findings provide impetus to the approach in developing ROS generating small molecule compounds with potent apoptosis inducing activity. These data could have implications in the use of vitamin C in photo-sensitizer-mediated reactions with the view to favorably tailoring the cancer cell milieu for efficient apoptotic execution. Many patients are still not discussing their CAM use with their doctors and are using CAM alongside their conventional medicines, thereby increasing the likelihood for potential interactions.
One limitation of this study is that our ability to determine between-site differences is limited by the difference in sample size. Electrodermal measures as clinical markers: Jing-point electrical impedance in adolescent women with chronic pelvic pain.
Consequently, skin electrical measures at Jing points are commonly obtained and interpreted for diagnostic purposes. Denise Adams, University of Alberta, 1047 RTF Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E1, Canada. The objective of this study is to determine whether electrodermal measures at Jing-points are associated with clinical outcomes in adolescents with chronic pelvic pain in a randomized, sham-controlled acupuncture trial. Methods: We recruited 18 adolescent women aged 13 to 22 years of age suffering from chronic pelvic pain and laparoscopically diagnosed with Stage I-III endometriosis. Using a Hibiki-7 device, normalized electrical impedance values were obtained at all 24 Jing-points for each treatment session. Phase II: CAM research networks in Canada and the US will notify CAM providers of this study, so they may alert patients. Left-right asymmetry and measures for statistical dispersion (standard deviation and Gini coefficient) of Jing-point impedance values were calculated. Parents or legal guardians may self-identify and reply on behalf of patients under 18 year of age if they meet the criteria for Phase I. With a generalized estimating equation method, we evaluated the association between the electrodermal-derived measures and clinical outcomes while accounting for treatment designation and time. Phase III: The methods for phase II were utilized but CAM associations and training organizations were substituted for CAM research networks.
The majority of the cases involved the use of Traditional Chinese Medicine to improve quality of life. Preliminary analyses indicate that, over time, subjects in the active acupuncture arm were more likely to have reduced left-right asymmetry and statistical dispersion of Jing-point measures compared to subjects in the sham-control arm.
Further analyses with multivariable models will be performed to assess whether this difference is statistically significant for each electrodermal measure. The chiropractic care of children with otitis media: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation and meta-synthesis. Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 N Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063.
Key words were otitis media and related words (ie, acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, ear infections, etc) AND chiropractic. A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with a meta-synthesis of the literature with a focus on chiropractic management and the application of a whole systems research (WSR) evaluation.
Results: Our systematic review revealed 20 articles consisting of 6 case reports, 5 case series, 1 retrospective cohort, 2 prospective cohorts, 2 reviews of the literature, 2 commentaries, 1 survey study and 1 prospective, parallel-group, observer-blinded, randomized feasibility study.
Due to the lack of higher-level research design, a meta-analysis of the literature was not possible. This included the use of otoscopy and tympanogram to provide objective pretreatment and comparative outcome measures. Eighty-nine percent of respondents reported treating pediatric patients; patients under the age of 17 made up 12% of chiropractic and 20% of both naturopathic and osteopathic patients. Activator, Gonstead, Toftness, Chiropractic Biophysics, and Diversified Techniques were utilized with an emphasis on the upper cervical spine (the C1 or C2 vertebral bodies).
Approximately two-thirds of both osteopaths and naturopaths disagree or strongly disagree that immunizations are safe compared to one-third of chiropractors.
One paper described utilization of cranial technique, 2 papers described a dietary intervention, and 2 papers utilized soft-tissue massage to augment spinal manipulative therapy. Fifteen studies were amenable to the WSR evaluation resulting in a score of 7.06 from a maximum of 11. The immunizations of most concern to the 3 professions included MMR, varicella, influenza, DPTP, and hepatitis. The most common reasons for concern were related to safety, including that vaccines may contain dangerous ingredients, may produce side effects, and may be linked to future problems such as neurological damage. Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the need for more higher-level research designs in addition to incorporating new methodologies (ie, whole systems research) reflective of the holistic and vitalistic clinical and theoretical framework of chiropractic. The chiropractic care of children with enuresis: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation. Significantly more naturopaths advised parents against vaccinations (27%), compared to 10% of chiropractors, and 12% of osteopaths (P=.0002).
Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 North Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063. There was no significant difference between groups for those advising parents in favor of vaccinations (15% C, 14% N, 6% O) (P=.1143). Key words were enuresis, nocturnal enuresis, bedwetting as well as related words AND chiropractic.
A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with an evaluation using WSR evaluation. Results: Our systematic review revealed 7 articles meeting the eligibility criteria for review. Four of the 7 papers involve case reports describing the care of children aged 8 to 14 years with primary complaints of nocturnal enuresis. Spinal manipulative therapy involved the use of Toggle recoil, Sacro-Occipital Technique, Activator Methods, Gonstead Technique, and Diversified Technique to address primarily segmental dysfunctions in the lumbosacral spine. We conducted a systematic review to assess the nature and severity of adverse events associated with pediatric acupuncture. A large prospective cohort study (N=171) demonstrated improvement in wet nights per week from baseline following 2 weeks of care. In a randomized clinical trial, within-group comparison of pretreatment and comparative rates of enuresis subjects demonstrated an improvement. However, the study was fraught with research design issues such as randomization and biostatistics. Six of the 7 studies were amenable to WSR evaluation and resulted in a scoring of 7.33 from a maximum possible score of 11 points.
One reviewer screened all articles, while the second reviewed all excluded articles to ensure that no article was inappropriately excluded.
Full articles of potentially relevant references were retrieved and assessed by two independent reviewers. The use of Whole Systems Research provides promise in contributing to evidence-based practice and reflects the holistic and vitalistic chiropractic approach to patient care. Results: Seven thousand, two hundred sixty-two potentially relevant articles were identified.
Eleven of these studies included adults as the majority of patients; for these studies the age of the patient experiencing the adverse event was never reported. Most of the adverse events that have been identified in children were mild and included pain, bruising, and worsening of symptoms. The few adverse events rated as moderate or serious included one pneumothorax, 2 infections, and 2 cases of complications from needles left in the body. Methods: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Life University (Atlanta, Georgia). A 26-item questionnaire was sent to 9000 subscribers of an online newsletter from Midwifery Today Magazine. The first domain identified demographics (midwife credentials, age, years in practice, and place of practice).
The second domain queried participants regarding their formal and postgraduate training on the subject of chiropractic.
The third domain attempted to identify their experience (ie, positive or negative experience) with chiropractic personally and professionally as it pertains to pregnancy and infant care. The fourth domain asked their opinion about the safety of chiropractic care for pregnant and pediatric patients. The fifth domain surveyed their knowledge regarding the scope of practice of chiropractic for pregnant and pediatric patients.
The respondent ranged in age from 41 to 50 years with practice experience ranging from 6 to 10 years. With respect to their training on chiropractic, 31% (n=57) reported receiving formal education (ie, during midwifery education) on the subject of chiropractic. Fifty-five of the 157 who did not indicated receiving some education on chiropractic through continuing education seminars. With respect to the midwife responders’ experience with chiropractic, 95% (n=176) admitted to making a professional referral to a chiropractor with 73% (n=137) having referred an infant to a chiropractor. Ninety-two percent (n=171) reported being chiropractic patients with another 58% (n=124) presenting their child for chiropractic care. Over 90% indicated experiencing a positive experience as patients and with their child’s care.
All of the respondents perceived chiropractic was safe for pregnant patients, while only 97% considered chiropractic safe for children. An overwhelming majority of the responders (98%) indicated that chiropractors work with birth professionals, while 92% indicated that they were knowledgeable about the role of chiropractic in prenatal care.


Lastly, 75% indicated interest in learning more about chiropractic, with 86% wanting more evidence-based practice chiropractic. From the 809 articles reviewed, 18 articles met the full inclusion criteria and proceeded to data extraction. Identified adverse events include local pain or soreness, swelling, mild fevers, and skin rashes. Thus far, the majority of adverse events reported have been mild with few moderate or serious adverse events occurring in pediatric patients. Total weight and body composition changes in response to weight reduction diets of varied protein content in midlife women. Age-related changes in body composition for women include loss of lean mass and gains in total weight, fat mass and central fat deposition.
There is growing evidence that diets with low-to-moderate carbohydrate and fat content and increased levels of high-quality protein are effective for weight loss.
Greater subjective satiety is reported by subjects following test meals containing whey protein compared to other protein sources.
The beneficial effects of whey protein on satiety, thermogenesis, and lean body mass protection suggest that whey may be a preferred protein source for weight loss treatment.
The specific aims of this study are to assess weight loss in subjects receiving energy-reduced dietary regimens and to evaluate parameters of weight and body mass change between the 3 treatment groups. Study Design: We are conducting a randomized, controlled pilot feeding study to evaluate the effect of different dietary protein sources on weight loss. Endpoint measures include body weight and body composition data obtained at baseline and at 8 weeks for dietary treatment.
The HP diet and the WP diet produced greater total fat loss and less total lean tissue loss than the CD.
Conclusions: Preliminary data shows that across treatment groups, the high-protein diets conserved lean tissue and promoted reduction of fat tissue.
Trials investigating TCM must be conducted with increased methodological rigor to be of value in evaluations. The single included study suggesting that acupuncture may be safe and efficacious in CFS is limited in applicability by the use of sham acupuncture as the control. Integration and interface between naturopaths and conventional rural care: empirical findings from a grass-roots research project. The worsening epidemic of DM in the United States, along with the increasing prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, and IGT, render the identification of promising interventions for these states a matter of some urgency. Jon Adams, University of Queensland, School of Population Health ,University of Qld, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia. While lifestyle interventions based on dietary pattern and physical activity can delay or prevent the onset of diabetes and reduce cardiovascular risk, adherence at the population level is severely limiting.
Pharmacotherapy offers promise for diabetes prevention, but with associated high costs, unacceptability to many patients, and potential toxicity. In this context, the potential role of chromium (Cr), an insulin cofactor, in IGT is of great interest.
Proposed, therefore, is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial conducted at the Yale Prevention Research Center to investigate the effects of daily Cr for 6 months at 2 dose levels on serum measures of glucose tolerance and on endothelial function in adults with IGT, IFG, and IR.
The study is powered to detect a clinically meaningful effect of Cr supplementation at either dose on glucose control, and to compare the two doses for equivalence.
The study will investigate effects of Cr on both measures of glucose tolerance (glucose, insulin, OGTT) and brachial artery endothelial function, thus combining serum measures with a physiologic test of Cr effects on the vasculature. The proposed study will generate much needed data regarding the efficacy of Cr in those at risk for type 2 diabetes and offers the promise of guiding practice, as well as directing future study. By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the United States today. Risk to human subjects in this study is a minor increment over minimal due to the administration of nitroglycerin as a control in BARS testing. Secondary outcomes: (4) It will show improved well-being, as measured by elevated melatonin and DHEA.
Unlike many relaxation therapies, energy healing requires no participation by the patient, a feature that makes it particularly attractive in the hospital setting, where patients are often anxious, depressed, in pain, or sedated. Despite the increasing use of energy healing, few studies have looked at its benefits and even fewer at its underlying mechanisms of action.
In this pilot study, we examined the effects of an energy healing modality known as Reiki on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, both of which participate in the stress response and stress-induced pain and disease progression. Subjects rested for 10 min before baseline heart rate and blood pressure were measured and blood was drawn to determine cortisol, ACTH, and DHEA levels, using commercial immunoassay kits. Subjects then received a 30- to 45-min Reiki or Pretend Reiki session followed immediately by post-session heart rate and blood pressure measurements and at 2h by blood draws. When asked whether they thought they were in the Reiki or Pretend Reiki group, about 70% of the participants reported that they believed that they had received a true Reiki session. This suggests that the beneficial effects of Reiki on physiology, as compared to the Pretend Reiki, cannot be explained solely by the placebo effect. Issac Amponsah, Faculty of Pharmacy Kwame Nkrumah University of SC, Knust, Kumasi, 233, Ghana. Effects of ultra-low dilutions of sabal serrulata on human prostate cancer growth: mechanistic studies. Hakima Amri, Georgetown University, Basic Science Bldg, 3900 Reservoir Rd NW, Washington, DC 20007. Finally, serum protein differential expression was carried out using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Effect of mind-body medicine skills on elements of emotional intelligence in medical students. Yet studies have reported that traits such as altruism and empathy tend to decline throughout medical school training. In an effort to foster medical student self-awareness and mindfulness, which may improve their EI, Georgetown University School of Medicine (GUSOM) offers an experiential course to undergraduate medical students in mind-body medicine skills. The purpose is to expose students to a variety of mind-body approaches including meditation, imagery, as well as group sharing and listening generously for self-awareness and reflection. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the Mind Body Medicine Skills (MBS) course on perceived stress, mindfulness, and elements of EI including intrapersonal capacities (attention to feelings, mood repair, clarity of feelings) and interpersonal capacities (perspective-taking, empathetic concern, and personal distress in response to distress in others). The intervention group (n=30) was comprised of first year medical students who self-selected to participate in this elective.
The control group (n=36) included students from the first year class who completed the surveys but did not take the MBS course. Four questionnaires were completed at the start and end of the spring semester by all study participants: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and a survey of EI developed by Stratton et al (2005) comprised of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index.
ANCOVA was used to compare the MBS and the control groups at the end of the semester, controlling for beginning scores. Patient perspectives of integrative and primary care management of back and neck paina€”qualitative findings from a randomized clinical trial. These conditions are additionally some of the most common reasons why patients use complementary therapies, often without dialogue with conventional care providers. The focus groups were conducted separately for those in the integrative vs the conventional treatment groups.
The interview data were transcribed ad verbatim and analyzed utilizing inductive content analysis technique.
Eliane Angst, UCLA Center for Excellence in Pancreatic Diseases, 675 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095.
A significant reduction in cell numbers was seen with quercetin concentrations of ~30 AµM and a maximum effect at ~75 AµM. In MIA PaCa-2 cells a ~65% reduction in cell number was seen with 75 AµM of quercetin after 48 hours.
Starved BxPC-3 cells treated with 75 AµM quercetin showed a ~95% reduction in cell number after 48 hours.
Conclusion: These results suggest that quercetin has a potent growth-inhibitory effect in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. Additional experiments to investigate the underlying mechanism of growth inhibition and animal studies are underway.
Flovanoids may reveal to be potent anticancer drugs found in our daily food, leading to specific diet recommendations. These can be taken together to qualify as an academic minor in many of the conventional MA or PhD programs, often forming the basis of a thesis or dissertation required for the terminal degree. In the fall of 2009, the university will launch a doctorate of nursing practice with a focus in integrative health and healing. Georgetown University developed a concentration of CAM within its Masters in Physiology program in 2003.
We address the multicultural perspective, comparing data collected in Canada and Europe to those in the United States. The reason for this is that results on the health-promoting effects of spirituality and religiosity cannot easily be transferred from the United States to countries with different cultural and religious backgrounds. Thus, one has to recognize different concepts of spirituality, different attitudes towards its utilization, and objections against the implementation of it in a particular medical system.
In Germany, 3 colleagues have founded the Transdisciplinary Working Group on Spirituality and Health, and in Canada the Canadian Research Network on Spirituality and Health has been active for a couple of years.
Data and approaches from these different networks will be combined into this symposium.Dr BA?ssing is an associate professor at the University of Witten, Herdeckea€™s Faculty of Medicine, where he directs the research group Spirituality and Health. The effect of a€?acupuncture for losing weighta€? on the level of blood sugar: a survey on the mechanism.
Hoda Azizi, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Beijing, Beijing, 100029, China. Material and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 66 patients were included in case and control groups.
Blood sugar was examined just before inserting needles and immediately after withdrawal of needles.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that the mechanism of acupuncture in losing weight is significantly related to making an increase in BS. John Balletto, Center for Muscular Therapy, Inc, 545 Pawtucket Avenue, Mailbox 304, Pawtucket, RI 02860-6046. As with business startups that begin informally and successfully mature into larger enterprises, growth brings new organizational challenges, together with greater visibility and opportunity. The maturation of massage as a healthcare profession increases the need for a process to formalize the synthesis of massage therapy knowledge from clinical experience and research—to collect what we know and to make such baseline knowledge widely available to practitioners, consumers, and other healthcare stakeholders.
The present paper lays out the motivations and framework for creating massage therapy guidelines that are informed both by research and by clinical experience. It also acts as a report to the massage therapy profession and to other stakeholders about the work of the Best Practices Committee of the Massage Therapy Foundation since 2006. And it has the additional goal of providing a healthcare literature basis for future academic discussions of massage. The discussion here is based on a definition from the Institute of Medicine and on research into the nature of expertise.
Topics addressed include guideline creation, credentialing of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, definition of competence, and the increasing role of technology (that is, informatics) in managing training and task-necessary competencies.
The roles of transparency and a wide and open peer review are emphasized as essential to the usability and credibility of guidelines. Health Canada issues consumer advisories regarding the safety of marketed health products, yet the criteria for issuing advisories have not been evaluated for consistency or objectivity. The Causality Algorithm used by Health Canada was used to rate degree of association between the adverse events (AEs) and the products. The Severity of Adverse Events Scale, developed by the National Cancer Institute, was used to determine the severity of the AEs. Most NHP AWRs were issued based on potential AEs from contamination and adulteration, whereas most of the AWRs for therapeutic drugs were issued due to actual AEs. Of the 6 NHP AWRs issued for actual AEs, 3 (50%) were unassessable for severity, whereas of the 28 AWRs issued for actual therapeutic drug AEs, 1 (3%) was unassessable for severity. The origin of reports for NHPs tended to be from foreign sources or Health Canada, whereas reports for therapeutic drugs were mostly issued by Health Canada in conjunction with drug manufacturers.
The potential of a mistletoe (Viscum album L) extract to alleviate adverse effects of cancer chemotherapy: an in vitro study.
Stephan Baumgartner, University of Bern, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, Inselspital, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. We investigated the effect of a mistletoe extract on PBMC with and without concomitant treatment with cyclophosphamide and compared viability and replication of normal PBMC with that of a T-cell leukemia cell line.
The results motivate further preclinical and clinical investigations of mistletoe extracts as an adjuvant medication in cancer therapy to alleviate side effects of conventional therapy.
Stephan Baumgartner, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Inselspital, Imhoof-Pavillon, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. We investigated the potential of a commonly used plant pathogen–system, Arabidopsis thaliana infected with the virulent bacteria Pseudomonas syringae (pv tomato strain DC3000), regarding its response towards a homeopathic treatment.
Compared to Bion (a common SAR inducer used as positive control), the magnitude of the treatment effect of Biplantol was about 50%.
None of the other tested preparations yielded significant effects in the overall evaluation. The purpose of this study was to determine remedy effects on a common quantitative measure of complexity, the correlation dimension (D2), of human sleep electroencephalography (EEG). High Hostile subjects increased complexity at C3 and Pz, but decreased complexity at O2 during stage 3 sleep on CC.
In the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects, CC caused significant increases in complexity at Pz and O1 during stage 3 sleep and at C3, C4, and Pz during stage 4 sleep. CC increased complexity significantly at Cz, C4, and O2 during REM sleep in only the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not the objective measure of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings can distinguish verum homeopathic remedies from placebo in human subjects. NV produced more marked effects on increased shifts in sleep stages, with a growth in effects from night 22 to 23.
This study examined the effects of olfactory administration of a polycrest homeopathic remedy Sulphur on heart rate variability (HRV). The Sulphur was given at dilution factors used for preparing 6c, 12c, and 30c potencies (1 potency per session, with potency order randomized), but for each potency, the test solutions were succussed to different degrees (stirred without shaking, 10, 20, or 100 succussions).
Homeopathic remedies increase spectral electroencephalographic power during sleep in healthy young adults. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of verum vs placebo homeopathic remedies on spectral qEEG measures of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings. Evaluating a nonlinear dynamical model for human flourishing: Relationship of PANAS positive-to-negative-affect ratio and global health and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to compare global physical health (GPH) and well-being ratings of young adults whose P:N mood ratios fell above vs below the Losada line.
Despite higher (MCSD) scores in PF, a small sex and age difference between groups, ANCOVAs controlling for MCSD, sex, and age still showed statistical significance of the above PF vs PL group differences. Gurjeet Birdee, Osher Research Center Harvard Medical School, 401 Park Drive, Suite 22-A West, Boston, MA 02215. We identified the prevalence of CAM modalities used and the characteristics of users among the pediatric population.



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