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17.09.2015
Knowledge of appropriate foods and beverages needed for weight loss and diet of patients in an obesity clinic Kaufer-Horwitz, M., et al. If someone you love is trying to lose weight, you want to support their efforts to get healthy. Oh Halloween – what a fun time: Parties and costumes and trick-or-treaters and brightly colored sweets everywhere!
A recent study reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that weight loss results from low carb and low fat diets were similar after one year. National physical activity experts report that workers today are burning an average of 120 to 140 fewer calories a day than workers in the 1960s. Your body can absorb the nutrients in the food more readily, since it is broken down better.
A British study shows taking a short, brisk walk can reduce the amount of snacking you do at work.
February is Heart Health Month, which makes it a great time for individuals to evaluate their lifestyle and how it may be contributing to or harming their heart’s wellbeing.
We Minnesotans are used to the snow and cold of winter, but this season has seemed especially brutal, hasn't it? The below-zero windchills and heavy snow make it feel easier to stay indoors and eat at our desk than to go out or go home for lunch. Dieting can be frustrating when the scale is not showing a decrease in pounds or the weight is not staying off. Here's another great OPTIFAST success story!In her late twenties, Elizabeth began taking a new medication which caused her to rapidly gain weight. Researchers have found that people who are overweight have an increased risk of loss in brain volume, which could translate to decreased mental function later in life.
If you need a little extra help keeping track of your daily food intake and planning meals, we have some technology suggestions that can help!
The habit of snacking appears to be more common now than several decades ago, and it could be affecting people's waistlines. A study found that if you are over the age of 35, drinking two cups of water before every meal is an effective weight management tool.
You may have heard in the news recently that the American Medical Association designated obesity as a disease.
Patients and friends have been telling me about using these "milks" for their morning shakes. Are you noshing at lunch in front of your computer?  It is interesting to note that, people who eat lunch at in front of a computer are likely to eat more within 30 minutes vs.
Join us this Saturday to discuss the different strategies about what to do in those tough scenarios like eating out whether you are on full fast or modified fast.
Learn from members of the National Weight Control Registry who have lost at least 30 pounds and maintained the loss more than a year.
We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop. 2 Hours Turkish Tile & Ceramic Workshop ( Per Student ) 2 - 5 Guest ,55 Euro ,6 - more ,40 Euro ,1 Guest 65 Euro,Tour Includes.
Mimar Sinan University,The Anatolian Seljuks were of course influenced by the cultural heritage they encountered in their new homeland, adapting them to the techniques that they had brought with them from the Iranian plateau. A type of architectural decoration used in conjunction with glazed brick was hexagonal, triangular, square, and rectangular monochrome tiles. Excavations carried out in 1965-66 at Kalehisar near Alacahoyuk have revealed important evidence of the Seljuks' ceramics industry in the 13th century. Sgraffito and slip-decorated wares continuing Seljuk techniques and styles were also produced during the Emirate period. The earliest example of the new styles that emerged in the early Ottoman period are the 'blue-and-white' Iznik ceramics. Another blue-and-white group from Iznik is erroneously called 'Golden Horn ware' because the first examples of it were discovered at a site on the Golden Horn in Istanbul.
Iznik is also where another misnamed group of ceramics known as Damascus ware was manufactured. Yet another group of polychrome underglaze Iznik ceramics to be erroneously attributed to another place is the one misleadingly known as Rhodos wares, so-called because of the numerous examples of them purchased from the island of Rhodes and taken into the Cluny Museum. As late as the middle of the 16 century, the Ottoman ceramic industry was producing more utensils than architectural tiles.
During the first half of the 19th century, Kutahya's ceramics industry suffered a downturn from which it slowly recovered during the second half and into the early part of this century. There is a third important group of Turkish ceramics that are quite different from both the sublime products of Iznik and the humbler wares of Kutahya. To summarize, the art of Turkish tile and ceramic-making developed over the centuries incorporating many different techniques and styles. The art of Turkish tiles and ceramics have a very important in the history of Islamic art.
There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran. We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop. Please send us an e-mail if you are interested in participating our classes as individual or a student group. The holiday season is no exception and is actually a great opportunity to show them how much you care.
It is easy to make poor food choices when faced with all those sugar-covered treats — especially at Halloween parties. Also, the food is exposed for a longer period of time to enzymes in your mouth that help break down fat, improving digestion.
The Framingham Cohort Study looked at the health of 5,036 people living in the United States. If you are planning a vacation, do you map out the route or program it into your GPS before you get in the car? Croix Orthopaedics, every 15 pounds of excess weight puts 100 pounds more pressure on the body's joints. Be mindful, though, that eating your lunch at your desk can have negative consequences for your diet.When we eat at our desks, we are often distracted by email, phone calls and other interruptions. They claim this forces the body to use its fat reserves for fuel instead of the carbohydrates quickly available from a pre-workout meal or snack. Focus instead on getting a much more manageable 30 minutes of exercise, five times per week. The problem is that we consume most of our protein at dinner time when we should be eating the most protein during breakfast to start off our day. The study included a control group, a group of subjects who ate three high-protein meals each day, and a third group who ate high-protein meals six times a day.
We have all been in that situation where we have been invited out to go celebrate a birthday party, anniversary, you name it.
In our place, we give beginner, intermediate & advanced level of traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramic painting lessons. This resulted in a distinctively Anatolian style of Seljuk architecture that was in full bloom by the 13th century. Unlike brick, these were preferred for indoor applications and were suitable for a multiplicity of geometrical arrangements.
Two kilns were unearthed along with a substantial quantity of kiln material and incomplete and spoiled examples of ceramics decorated with the sgraffito and slip techniques.In the sgraffito technique, the object is allowed to dry to leather-hardness after which the design, usually plant and floral motifs, is incised into the surface, which may or may not be given a coat of slip beforehand. During early Ottoman times, they appear among Iznik wares reflecting the tastes of folk art.In the course of excavations at the site of ancient Miletus, the archaeologist and art historian F.
The techniques involved in their manufacture are quite advanced as compared with anything previously done.
Dr Oktay Aslanapa's excavations at Iznik have demonstrated incontrovertibly that these wares were manufactured there.
Thereafter however production shifted heavily in favor of the latter as there was a strong surge in the demand for tiles as decorations in the extensive building programs undertaken by Suleyman I (1520-1566) and his successors when the Ottoman Empire was politically, economically, and culturally at its peak. Thus do we find examples of Kutahya-made tiles decorating a number of late-Ottoman buildings. Canakkale ceramics have begun attracting the interest and attention of researchers and collectors more and more in recent years.The earliest examples of these ceramics can be dated to the end of the 17th century. Enriched by the arrival of the Seljuks, the ceramic industry in Anatolia achieved a deservedly worldwide reputation with the support of the Ottoman court. Its roots can be traced at least as far back as the Uighurs of the 8th and 9th centuries. Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century.
But it’s still completely possible to enjoy yourself at the party, without going overboard on empty calories. Often we consume our meals quickly without thinking about them, enjoying them or even really tasting them. After years of being confined to a wheelchair due to her weight, she was able to reclaim her life. The review found that consuming dairy products was related to increased insulin production, a healthier body weight and decreased body fat.
The carbohydrate is partly from lactose (milk sugar), which is digested differently than sucrose. If you skip it, your body can go into conservation mode, and hold onto fat instead of burning it.
This old man, in turn was fond of all the children in the household, consisting of my four half-sisters, two half- brothers, my full brother and myself. This old man at times was arbitrator between the children in the many quarrels and differences that we had from time to time. Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art. Usually lessons are 2 hours based and by the end of 2 hours, you will be able to finish one item like a tile, plate or a figure.
Seljuk mosques, medreses (theological academies), tombs, and palaces were lavishly decorated with exquisite tiles.
The resulting design is then covered with a transparent glaze of a different color and then the piece is fired.
Sarre came across a type of polychrome pottery that erroneously became known as 'Miletus ware'.
Raby has proposed calling them the 'Tugrakes spiral style' instead.5 The motifs of tiny leaves and flowers on spirals are executed in shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, and black. The forerunner of the style is said to be a lamp in the Dome of the Rock that is dated 1549 and bears the signature 'Musli'.
These ceramics have an extensive palette and are generally decorated with naturalistic flowers. Countless examples of mosques and tombs not only in Istanbul but all over the empire were adorned with the products of the Iznik potters' skill.These underglaze-decorated ceramics and tiles were decorated with a rich palette of shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, green, black, brown, and the famous 'coral' or tomato red, the last of which appears in a slight relief resembling sealing-wax. The tiles on the Tomb of Sultan Mehmed Resad V in Eyup (Istanbul, 1918) for example were made at the manufactory of Hafiz Emin Usta, which was then operating in Kutahya.
Fairly good-quality wares continued to be produced up until the beginning of the 19th century. Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art.
Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments.


Here are some of the best (and worst) gift ideas for your loved ones working towards a healthier lifestyle. These include irregular sleep patterns and unhealthful diets in addition to extended periods of inactivity. You also may feel sluggish and have a hard time getting your brain to process and store information properly.
From time to time, the old man with tact and kindness growing from the wisdom of the aged alleviated our childish differences and smoothed over our petty quarrels and jealousies. With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate.There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran.
Examples of such tile-clad structures can still be seen in the Seljuks' capital city of Konya as well as in the cities of Sivas, Tokat, Beysehir, Kayseri, Erzurum, Malatya, and Alanya.The most frequently-encountered type of architectural decoration during the Anatolian Seljuk period involved the use of glazed brick in which glazed (and also unglazed) bricks were arranged to produce a variety of patterns, mostly on the facades of buildings.
In the slip technique, the design is painted onto a red-paste surface using diluted white slip to produce a slightly molded effect. We now know, as a result of recent excavations, that these wares were actually made in Iznik. In this object we find a new palette of colors incorporating, in addition to the traditional cobalt blue and turquoise, eggplant violet and a cumin green. Many examples of Kutahya ceramics from this period are to be found in museum and private collections in Turkey.The difficult straits into which the Iznik industry had fallen in the 18th century inspired some in Istanbul to establish a reliable source of tiles that was closer to home and easier to control.
In addition, efforts are also being made in private workshops and educational institutions in Iznik, Istanbul, and Bursa to keep the art of traditional Turkish tiles and ceramics alive and develop it so that it can address the demands of modern-day life.Felt Making Workshops in Istanbul,Traditional Turkish Felt Making,Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres. With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate. The subjects included nobility as well as servants, hunters and hunting animals, trees, birds, sphinxes, lions, sirens, dragons and double-headed eagles. A study in an obesity clinic examined the relationship between knowledge of appropriate foods and beverages needed for weight loss and the actual diet of patients seeking obesity treatment.
This kindly old man as a matter of duty, also as long as he was able did light chores, such as to feed the chickens in the farmyard, carry in the wood for fuel to heat the house, and also wood for the kitchen stove. Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century. We also have the Tile owen to finish the process.Group lessons for High Schools and Universities can be provided all year long. Turquoise was the most frequently-used color for glaze although cobalt blue, eggplant violet, and sometimes black were also popular. There are rare examples with traces of gilding.A third technique in which the Anatolian Seljuks were skilled was that of mosaic tile.
The surface is then given a coating of transparent glaze colored blue, green, or light or dark brown and then fired. The styles, designs, decorations, and techniques of these ceramics are quite distinct from Seljuk traditions.
During this period, naturalistic such as tulips, roses, pomegranates and hyacinths begin to enrich the repertoire of stylized plant motifs and arabesques. Although the traditional designs of stylized plant motifs, arabesques, and Chinese clouds appear in the compositions, there is a shift towards a more naturalistic style in which tulips, carnations, hyacinths, roses, spring blossoms, lilies, cypress trees, and clusters of grapes and vine leaves appear.
Ibrahim Pasa, a grand vizier during the reign of Ahmed III (1703-1730), had a tile-making factory set up at Tekfur Sarayi in Istanbul. Designs consist of underglaze spots, simply-drawn ships, flowers, fish, birds, and buildings that are applied free-hand. While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials.
The study found that although the patients recognized what an appropriate diet plan included, they did not consume an appropriate diet for weight loss. As time went on, the old man became ill and on one cold winter morning was found dead in the little room that he occupied in my fathers home. Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments.
This was also employed in interiors, especially in mihrab niches, the interiors of domes, transitions to domes, vaults, and walls.
During the firing, the areas decorated with slip assume a lighter shade of the glaze color, which appears darker in the ground. They are decorated with motifs executed in tones of blue, turquoise, and violet under a colorless or colored glaze. These changes in the Iznik potters' production habits are attributed to attempts to imitate the 15th-century Ming porcelains that were reaching the Ottoman court in various ways.
Compositions are relaxed and free, offering greater scope for experimentation with new and richer arrangements.
The output unfortunately was incomparably inferior to that of Iznik: designs were poor copies of Iznik originals, glazes had a blue cast and were flawed, and colors were dull and lifeless. Felt can be of any colour, and made into any shape or size.Many cultures have legends as to the origins of feltmaking.
Treatment approaches should include tools that help patients implement their nutrition knowledge.
Examples in which the motifs have black contours are also known, as are pieces with black decorations under a turquoise glaze. Tile manufacturing at Tekfur Sarayi lasted thirty years or so and the enterprise was generally regarded as a failure. The most common forms are dishes, plates, and jars.During the 19th century, quality dropped off sharply. Different styles of calligraphy adorn the tile friezes on monuments; on utensils we find images of ships, 'rock-and-wave' motifs, triple-spots, animal figures, and fish-scale patterns. Nevertheless some of its output was used in buildings in Istanbul such as the Hekimoglu Ali Pasa Mosque (1734), the Yeni Valide Mosque (Uskudar, 1708), the Cezeri Kasim Pasa Mosque (Eyup, a restoration done in 1726 of a mosque originally built in 1515), and Kandilli Mosque (1751).
Forms from this period consist of jars, ewers, jugs, vases, flower-pots, and candle-holders as well as animal and human figurines. The story of Saint Clement and Saint Christopher relates that while fleeing from persecution, the men packed their sandals with wool to prevent blisters.
BirchamDuring the period preceding the so-called hard winter of 1889 -1890, the owners of large herds of cattle, also the owners of great flocks of sheep and large bands of horses, did not to any extent depend on hay or grain as winter feed for the great numbers of livestock that they owned.
The pieces were arranged glazed-side down after which a whitish mortar was poured over them. A feature of most 'Miletus' ware is that the interiors are given a coating of slip but part of the exteriors and the bases are not. There is also a proliferation in vessel forms of which deep and footed bowls, vases, ewers, dishes, lamps, candle-holders, and mugs are but a few.Around the middle of the 17th century, the quality of the Iznik potteries began to feel the impact of the economic distress and political upheavals from which the Ottoman Empire had begun to suffer. There is also a hearth, now in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, whose tiles were made at Tekfur Saray. Only a single-color glaze was used in these ceramics and there are instances in which black, white, blue, red, yellow, or gilded designs were applied over the glaze.10 Ceramic manufacturing at Canakkale was still being carried out as late as the middle of the 20th century. At the end of their journey, the movement and sweat had turned the wool into felt socks.Feltmaking is still practised by nomadic peoples in Central Asia and northern parts of East Asia, where rugs, tents and clothing are regularly made. Since the beginning of the white mans era in this section of the country, the livestock owners had driven or herded their bands to the high mountain ranges for summer grazing or forage. Designs tend to be plant motifs and geometrical arrangements but animal figures are also encountered.
The decorations include stylized foliage, arabesques, and Chinese clouds alone or in skillfully-executed compositions.Iznik blue-and-whites can be classified in a number of subgroups on the basis of their motifs and styles. Some of these are traditional items, such as the classic yurt, while others are designed for the tourist market, such as decorated slippers. These ranges were well watered and produced vast quantities of natural grasses and other palatable livestock feed.During the late fall, the stock was started toward the southern end of the state of Nevada, this area being called the desert on account of its lower altitude, milder climate, and usually less precipitation in the form of snowfall. Mosaic-tile compositions are generally geometrical but floral motifs and Kufic or Thuluth calligraphy are also found. The contours of the designs are picked out with a mixture of beeswax or vegetable fat and manganese oxide. One group, with motifs consisting of stylized lobed leaves with curling tips is attributed to a 'Baba Nakkas', a chief designer at the Ottoman court studios in the 15th century, and is therefore known as the Baba Nakkas style .4 Cobalt blue in various tones is the principal color. In the Western world, felt is widely used as a medium for expression in textile art as well as design, where it has significance as an ecological textile.Traditional Turkish Felt Workshop by Mehmet Girgic Mehmet girgic is a master Craftmen in Felt Making in Istanbul and we make our workshops in his Studio by himself or his assistants. During the firing, the wax or fat burns away producing contours of red or black that also prevent the differently-colored glazes from running into one another.The cuerda seca technique permits extremely complex and detailed designs to be applied to ceramic surfaces. One, a composition of thick motifs radiating around a central motif, is identical to the grooved designs on metal bath-bowls.2,The late 15th and early 16th century marks the beginning of a new period in Ottoman tile and ceramic-making. This snow was necessary on these long drives since its water content was the only form of moisture the animals could find to subsist on. In addition to plant motifs, examples decorated with calligraphy and (less commonly) geometric patterns that are a continuation of Seljuk traditions are to be found. During this period the Iznik manufactories apparently turned their attentions more and more to the demands of customers who were less finicky than the Istanbul court and its circles. This was the situation on most all of the desert and on a good many of the routes to and from the desert. A rich and subtle palette of colors was available with colors such as turquoise, cobalt blue, lilac, yellow, black, and pistachio. Designs prepared by artists who were employed in the studios of the Ottoman court were sent to Iznik to be executed in wares ordered for use at the palace. There is even evidence, in the form of written complaints, that orders placed by the court in Istanbul were being delayed.8 By the 18th century, the ceramic industry in Iznik had died out completely and Kutahya replaced it as the leading center in western Anatolia. In the lesson you will make the whole stages of a Felt making process and by the evening, you will be able to finish 1 item like a hat, bag, shoe, a scarf or a design that you choose.. The only place in Anatolia were tiles of this type have been found is Alaeddin Kiosk in Konya. The court's patronage stimulated and supported the development of an artistically and technically advanced ceramic industry in Iznik. Indeed, Kutahya had been in operation as a secondary center along with Iznik since the 14th century 9 but its production always paled in Iznik's brilliance.
The names no doubt were quite appropriate since water was taken by the means of a scaffold, then with the help of a horse or a windlass, a barrel at the end of a rope was lowered and raised, the water so obtained was used principally for saddle horses, work teams, pack animals, and also for human consumption. The palette of colors that this technique offers is much greater and one finds shades of violet, blue, turquoise, green, red, brown, black, and white as well as gilding. Fine examples of cuerda seca tiles are to be found at the Bursa Green Mosque (1419-1420) and Tomb (1421-1422) the Mosque of Murad II (Edirne, 1436), the Tiled Kiosk (Istanbul), and the Tomb of Prince Mehmed (Istanbul, 1548).
But where production at Iznik was discontinued, Kutahya plodded on.For a while, the Kutahya potters produced inferior copies of Iznik blue-and-whites but they also began producing ceramics whose forms, colors, and techniques are quite distinct. Sometimes the water drawn from the wells, especially after several months of non-use was green with vermin, snails, and rodents.
Some colors were applied under the glaze and then fired; others were applied over the glaze which then received a secondary opaque white, transparent, or turquoise glaze and was fired again.
Among them are a group of Christian liturgical utensils and tiles with religious themes that were made by Armenian potters for their churches. The designs of minai tiles are lively and reminiscent of miniatures with themes taken from palace and court life.In underglaze tiles, the designs are painted onto the surface, which is then glazed before the tile is fired. 18th-century Kutahya ceramics are made with a white paste and are usually decorated with underglaze-applied designs in yellow, red, green, cobalt blue, turquoise, black, and violet. Betul is our professional Artist that is graduated from Mimar Sinan University department of fine Arts in Istanbul.


The mountain ridges were also obscured by a sort of haze as heavy wind storms swept the country at large, all in all, the general atmosphere seemed quite ominous or suggestive of some great change. She is professional in Ottoman Calligraphy - Tile Design & Turkish Motives - Ottoman Paper Marbling. The stockmen in general did not give much thought to the possibility of a clean sweep or as to what was to happen the total loss of their livestock in some cases, and nearly all in others.  No provision was made for the sipping in or storing of feed. Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name.
Forms, which can be elegant, include thin-walled small cups, saucers, bowls, ewers, pitchers, flasks, incense-burners, lemon-squeezers, and ornamental eggs. The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to a sheet of paper (or other surfaces such as fabric). Fine examples of these tiles have been discovered at the excavations of the Kubadabad Palace in Beysehir, where the tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with figures of human beings and animals.The luster technique first appeared in Abbasid Iraq.
This decorative material has been used to cover a variety of surfaces for several centuries. Alas, when the snow did come, it came so fast and with such a fury and depth that the livestock were never moved.  Band after band of sheep were huddled together and smothered in the deep snow. Later developed to a high level by the Fatimids in Egypt, it was successfully employed by the Iranian Seljuks. It is often employed as a writing surface fo calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monoprint.Need a break from the hustle and bustle of tourist life in Istanbul?
The tiles discovered at the excavations of the palace are now on display at the Karatay Medrese Museum in Konya.
Luster tiles are decorated in an overglaze technique in which the design is painted with lusterA?a mixture of metallic oxides incorporating silver and copperA?onto a previously glazed and fired surface. Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking. The tiles are then given a second firing at a lower temperature producing a range of lustrous, mostly brownish and yellowish tones. This man, at a later date rebuilt his fortune to some extent, which was consistent with the spirit of the west at that time.Another personality of that time and a close neighbor of my fathers was a victim of the extreme cold weather that followed the heavy fall of snow.
Seljuk palace luster tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with human and animal figures.Anatolian Seljuks sometimes used square, rectangular, hexagonal, and triangular tiles to cover interior walls.
Its origin might ultimately hark back to China, where a document from the T'ang dynasty (618-907) mentions a process of coloring paper on water with five hues. These tiles are plain, with turquoise, violet, or cobalt blue being the chief colors applied in the underglaze technique. Bircham, froze to death at a point not over three hundred yards from his home.  On this occasion this man was returning from the direction of the desert where he had been making strenuous efforts to move his livestock toward a better feeding ground. Sometimes the traces of overglaze gilding are to be found; however because the gilding was fired at a low temperature (or not fired at all), it was not durable and has mostly disappeared. Failing in this, he turned back, owing to the extreme cold which was in the locality about forty-five degrees below zero, at the time.
In addition to the cold and snow, there was a heavy fog and in this, the man became bewildered and although only a few steps from home, lost consciousness, fell asleep, and froze to death. By carefully laying the paper over the bath, the floating picture on top of it is readily transferred to the paper; thus, each ebru is a one of a kind print.
The mans body was found fortunately the following morning by his brother-in-law and returned to the home that this poor man had tried to reach.
To obtain beautiful ebru results, one needs to have a light hand, refined taste, and an open mind to the unexpected patterns forming on the water.
Patience and a good knowledge of traditional culture are characteristic of ebru masters.After the 1550's, booklovers in Europe prized ebru, which came to be known as ‘Turkish papers’. Many specimens in their collections and in the several album amicorum books are visible today in various museums. Also, early texts dealing with ebru, such as “Discourse on decorating paper in the Turkish manner”, published in 1664 by Athanasius Kircher in Rome, helped to disseminate the knowledge of this kind of marbling art. There is agreement amongst scholars that the so-called Turkish Papers played a colourful influence on the book arts in Europe.MATERIALS USED IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MARBLING Gum tragacath – Dye – Paintbrush – Basin – Water – Paper - Gall Gum Tragacant is obtained from trunk of a thorny plant growing naturally in Anatolian, Persian and Turkestan mountians and called “gaven”.
The sap coming out of scratches made on the branches dries up later and solidifies in bone white colored pieces .
This man was an early settler in the country and at the time the incident occurred was busy in his chosen occupation as a truck farmer or gardener, he also owned about three milk cows and the one yearling heifer. Reese River Reveille1907With the little he owned, he was endeavoring to make a living for his family, consisting of a wife and eight or nine small children. The circumstances surrounding this, the theft of this mans only young animal would make the act all the more despicable. Turkish is a very rich country in respect of such natural dyes.Any kind of earth may be first translated into mud then filtered and crushed to from a dye. A group of roving cowboys, or vaqueros ( some of them being Mexicans ) were camped for the night only a few miles away from the gardeners little home and although they were tending a herd of cattle that in numbers counted in the thousands, they took it upon themselves to drive this one lone animal to their camp and butcher it for meat, leaving only the waste matter behind as they moved on. Maestretti, on missing his animal searched high and low and at last finding tracks in the deep snow which by that time had crusted, started out on foot to trace the animal. The snow had crusted to a certain extent but not enough to bear a mans weight, so in order to follow the tracks he crept on his hands and knees to the spot where he found the evidence that the animal had been butchered. Greatly disappointed and vexed at the discrepancies of human nature, this man returned to his humble home to carry on, and at a later date lived to be a large stock owner and rancher, as well as the patriarch of a family that now by extention numbers in the hundreds. This man died at the age of ninety-nine years, only a short time ago, such was the stamina and ruggedness of most of the early day pioneers. This situation in itself was not very encouraging as the loss of feed for their horse's weakend them for the long jouney home of about fifty miles. In older times rainwater was favorite but because of acide rain in our times it is no longer advisable. Paper: The ideal paper is the one handmade and having a high absorbtion capacity and acid-free. However, his stepdaughters, my mothers two girls by a former marriage, were not susceptible to my fathers swaying influence. The power that my father exercised over his children was formed more from a mental attitude than from any form of forceful chastisement. It is known that he only whipped my brother John the one time, and this was for carving on a window-sill with a jackknife. In order to increasethe absorbtion capaticy and to fix the dye on it(more durable) and alumina solution may be applied on the paper surface. In fact, he always wanted his children to respect other peoples property. The one time that he whipped me with a piece of flat board was at a time when he had a leg injury caused from a four hundred pound barrel of cement falling from the level of a wagon bed directly on his instep. This injury for a time was very serious, since in addition to a bruised condition, a couple of his foot bones were crushed. The accident necessitated his use of crutches and at a time when he was using these crutches he was obliged to drive a team of horses hitched to a wagon up to the Barley field for the purpose of irrigating a small patch of potatoes that was planted there.On the way to and from the field, a distance altogether of fourteen miles, was a gate to be opened and closed.
Although much to small to be of help, and more likely to be in the way of older and stronger hands, I was very determined not to leave the ranch with my father. However, while some other family member held me, my father paddled me lightly with the flat board and as a consequence I finally, although reluctantly, mounted the wagon seat beside him. For instance when blue yellow are simultaneously applied and mixed up as much as possible never green comes out.3. When we were only about one-half of a mile from the ranch I could see tears in my fathers eyes and he asked me if I still wanted to help the boys handle the horses.
You can go back and help the boys."  As I look back over the circumstances surrounding this whipping, the only one he ever gave me, I think on the whole, the light paddling I got was entirely too mild a punishment. MARBLING APPLIED TO PAPER PATTERNS,Marbling is similar to cooking; it is impossible to give the exact recipe. I do remember, however, of feeling very small that evening whem my father returned from his trip to the Barley Field. The density of the gummed water and the relationships between the water and the dye, the dye and the tensioning agent (gall), the quantity of gall in the dye are all very important. The story began with a cattle sale that involved moving stock from the Walsh Ranch in Nevada to Northern California.
The purpose of what we detail here is to remember that it is not only family that shapes us, but also the friends we meet along the way. Now if this basic pattern is handled by parellel lines made by a thin pencil or chip moved back and forth you obtain “the back-and-forth”. However, I am pleased to state that I did not find any such people, nor were any of the cattle missing. Finally, I was convinced that the cattle were reasonably safe in the enclosure, and as a consequence of this assurance, I did not ride fence everyday in the week.For a period of about two months, I remained very lonely indeed, brooding constantly over a sudden ending of my first love affair. The Post Office was located in the one general merchandise store in the village, and was taken care of by the same people who owned the store. When a convolute line is applied from the outer circumference towards the centre you obtain a “nightingale nest”. In the event small colorfull dots are spotted on the back-and-forth or shawl design you get the “sprinkled marbling”. Of this family, three members lived in a small building adjoining the store, and these three people, the father, the mother, and the one son, operated the store and also attended to the Post Office.
If, instead, you apply larger dots (which means with higher rate of gall contents) you obtain the “prophyry marble” which resemble most to marble.,Nonetheless above patterns may be divesified by selecting one of the above as a basis and making concentric drops of different colors. Mehmet Efendi (the orator of Saint Sophia, deceased in 1973) first formed flower and other patterns, wich were subsequenly called the “Orator pattern” (Hatip ebrusu). He was a student at Stanford University, and I met this young son only once when he was home for the Christmas holidays.After a time, the Collins boy, who lived at home with his parents, and myself became good friends and quite chummy.
Therfore, we had much in common and confidentially we compared notes and sympathized with one another.
The paper is then careflly lifted off the basin without stripping too much the gum off the surface. This fine young man was lost in the service of his country, and while I will not attempt to be a sentimentalist regarding him, it was a pleasure to have known him, and as a friend departed, I have the greatest of respect and admiration for this fine young man.
This infinity of colors and shapes quickly formed makes the marbling amazing at and fascinates the spectator (if any). Hikmet BARUTCUGIL,Mimar Sinan University paper marbling, fabric marbling, faux marbling, parrys graining and marbling, marbling paint, contemporary create design fabric marbling paper technique traditional, Turkish Marbling - Ebru Lessons in Istanbul.Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery.
Come take an art class with the remarkable Turkish artist Bahar !LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper . CONTEMPORARY create design fabric marbling paper technique designs on paper, glass or on silk fabrics .Our teacher that is shown in our pictures is Ms. Contemporary artists in the Islamic world draw on the heritage of calligraphy to use calligraphic inscriptions or abstractions in their work.LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper . EXPERIENCE the sensuous flow of Ottoman Calligraphy,CONTEMPORARY create designs with Turkish patternts on tiles,Our teacher that is shown in the pictures are Mrs.



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