Under the Fair Share Tax Proposal, total government taxes (revenues) as a percent of GDP would be increased by about 10% from 2001-2010 levels back to where they were during the Clinton years. Combining the Fair Share Tax Reform with all the Spending Reforms below would allow elimination of the federal deficit by 2025.
This year the our governments spent about $760 billion on healthcare (Medicare, Medicaid, and Chip).
Full annual benefits, starting at age 70 would be $18,000 for all unmarried persons or $30,000 for a married couples. The above change in benefits would be delayed until 2024 and then phased in over 10 years, to give workers the opportunity to adjust fund their tax-free accounts and otherwise adjust their retirement planning accordingly. Under the Fair Share Tax Plan, the regressive and indirect current payroll (Social Security) taxes are ended.
Below are selected federal government spending cuts derived from the Simpson-Bowles report as described at the New York Times website.A  I have selected the spending cuts that look sensible to me and excluded those that are already covered under the spending cuts outlined above. Many economists argue that farm subsidies distort the workings of the market and largely flow to big agricultural businesses. In the past decade, both the number of federal employees and the number of contractors rose.
The chairmen called for a series of smaller cuts, including eliminating some agencies, cutting research funds for fossil fuels, reducing funds for the Smithsonian and the National Park Service, eliminating certain regional subsidies, and eliminating the Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools. The costs of the disability insurance program, which is administrated by the Social Security Administration, have been rising rapidly. Some economists believe that the Consumer Price Index overstates inflation, giving Social Security recipients larger cost-of-living increases than necessary. Over the last 30 years federal non-discretionary spending as a percent of GDP has been cut in half to about 2.5% of GDP. The biggest threats to state and local government budgets are that there areA over-generous salaries, benefits, and retirement plans for some government workers.
State and local governments should improve public education, especially in the worst schools.
Under the Fair Share Tax Reform, total government taxes (revenues) would be increased about 10% (as a percent of GDP compared to the 2001-10 period, under the Bush tax cuts), although taxes on the typical taxpayer (in fact, the bottom 80%) would be reduced substantially. The proposed Spending Reforms below, once mostly implemented (after 2020), reduce total government spending by about 18% below current levels (the 2001-10 period), to on average 17.0% percent of GDP. If the Fair Share Tax Reform was joined with the Spending Reforms proposed below on this page, our National Debt would start to drop (as a percent of GDP) immediately and could be entirely paid off by 2040.
CLICK HERE to see the spreadsheet with the calculations that produced the chart below for the Federal Budget. A bit of history: President Clinton's tax increases - which had the wealthy pay something closer to their fair share - balanced the federal budget and produced our first federal surplus in decades. FAIR SHARE TAX REFORM - A comprehensive tax reform plan for federal, state and local governments, that reduces total taxes on the working-poor and middle-class by thousands each year, encourages stable economic growth, vastly simplifies our tax laws, and slashes the national debt. During preparations for the 2010 Huntington Folk Festival, Acoustic Live was sending invitations to all performers in its email showcase folder. When August 2011 rolled around, diverted by a yeara€™s worth of other featured performers, Ia€™d forgotten exactly what Ia€™d seen last summer.
Anthony stepped away from the mic at the title line, turned his head slightly, saying a€?What night was it?a€? encouraging audience response, and they didna€™t disappoint. Like any good spinner of contemporary tales, Anthony can move his audience with more serious material. The song depicts a grave situation during a€?The Troubles,a€? as the IRA fought the British in Northern Ireland, Anthonya€™s childhood home. Even though his childhood was marred by the rending apart of the population, he managed to inject some humor into his repartee. When I asked how a€?The Troublesa€? affected him, he replied, a€?I was affected mostly by living in a society without any sense of real community or togetherness and I hated that. To the question of early musical influences, he answered, a€?My earliest feel for music came from the radio which was always on and the old record player which was always used in the house. There were obstacles, both financial and emotional, to overcome for Anthony in the process of becoming a performing songwriter. Once Anthony gained the respect of others in the folk arena and the support of music business professionals, he was able to quit teaching and sing for a living.
One of the most rewarding ways to get acquainted with Anthony is to stream the instructional videos titled a€?Anthony John Clarke Songbooka€? on YouTube. Late Addendum: Unfortunately the show mentioned above has been cancelled due to a change in Anthonya€™s USA tour schedule. The first one I watched was a rendition of a€?Tuesday Night Is Always Karaoke,a€? perhaps his most requested song.
Bio: I grew up on a dairy farm in Wisconsin with lots of siblings, a pet crow, and Calvin and Hobbes and Bloom County.
A Case For Pencils was wondering what art supplies her favorite New Yorker artists were using.
Paul Lunde, in his article a€?Pillars of Hercules, Sea of Darknessa€?, writes that for the Latin Middle Ages, the Atlantic was Mare Tenebrosum; for the Arabs, Bahr al-Zulamat. This name - and its analogue, a€?The Dark Sea,a€? Bahr al-Muzlim - sufficiently indicates medieval mana€™s fear and ignorance of the Atlantic Ocean.
The Arabs used other names also, such as the scholarly Uqiyanus, directly transliterated from the Greek word okeanos, and even, in later sources from the western Islamic world, Bahr al-Atlasi [The Sea of the Atlas Mountains] - an exact rendering of the word Atlantic.
The most frequent Arabic name for the Atlantic was al-Bahr al-Muhit, the Circumambient, or All-Encompassing, Ocean.
The ancient belief that nothing lay beyond the Pillars of Hercules became a tremendous psychological barrier. It is a generally accepted opinion that this sea - the Atlantic - is the source of all the other seas. The Historical Annals, which presumably gave a much more detailed account of this and other voyages, is lost.
The voyages of the mugharrirun and Khashkhash were private undertakings, apparently motivated by curiosity and bravado. We know little for sure about how he supported himself during such extensive travels within and beyond the lands of Islam. The information we have gathered here is the fruit of long years of research and painful efforts of our voyages and journeys across the East and the West, and of the various nations that lie beyond the regions of Islam. The geographical sections, which are among the most interesting to modern readers, are either accounts of his own very far-flung travels or, where there are gaps in his personal experience, accounts gleaned from sources he considered reliable. Al-Jahiz claims that the Indus, the river of Sind, comes from the Nile and adduces the presence of crocodiles in the Indus as proof.
Al-Masa€™udi claims he visited China, yet he actually depended very much on previous accounts to write his section on China and what he learned from contemporaries like Abu Zayd. Al-Masa€™udi supplies a lot of theoretical information about world geography in Meadows of Gold and Mines of Gems, which derives from earlier Greek works that he studied in Baghdad and Damascus.
This concept of sea division is similar to the Chinese division of five great seas in Zhou Qufeia€™s Land beyond the Passes examined in Hyunhee Parka€™s Mapping the Chinese and Islamic Worlds, although the actual divisions and standards differ from each other.
In the Sea of Rum [the Mediterranean] near the island of Iqritish [Crete], planks of ships of Indian teak, which were perforated and stitched together with fibers of the coconut tree, were found. This discovery near Crete of the planks of a boat from the Indian Ocean surprised geographers of the 10th century, who correctly knew that the Indian Ocean was not linked to the Mediterranean.
Ahmad Shboul notes that al-Masa€™udi is distinguished above his contemporaries for the extent of his interest in and coverage of the non-Islamic lands and peoples of his day.
His normal inquiries of travelers and extensive reading of previous writers were supplemented in the case of India with his personal experiences in the western part of the subcontinent. He described previous rulers in China, underlined the importance of the revolt by Huang Chao in the late Tang dynasty, and mentioned, though less detailed than for India, Chinese beliefs. Al-Masa€™udi was also very well informed about Byzantine affairs, even internal political events and the unfolding of palace coups. One example of Al-Masa€™udia€™s influence on Muslim knowledge of the Byzantine world is that we can trace the use of the name Istanbul (in place of Constantinople) to his writings of the year 947, centuries before the eventual Ottoman use of this term. Al-Masa€?udi also made great efforts to find out as much as possible about remote areas of the world.
There is a certain amount about Africa, but there he is more concerned with the geography and natural history, such as exports of panther skins, the habits of the rhinoceros and the course of the Nile, than he is with the customs of the people. More surprising is the lack of information on North Africa and Spain, which at that time was Muslim. In general his surviving works reveal an intensely curious mind, a universalist eagerly acquiring as extensive a background of the entire world as possible.
Theories of pre-Columbus Arab arrival to the Americas state that medieval Arab explorers (from Spain and Africa) may have reached the Americas (and possibly made contact with the indigenous peoples of the Americas) at some point before Christopher Columbusa€™ first voyage to the Americas in 1492.
Numerous evidence suggests that Arabs from Spain and West Africa arrived to the Americas at least five centuries before Columbus. In al-Masa€™udia€™s map of the world, there is a large area in the ocean, southwest of Africa, which he referred to as Ard Majhoola [Arabic for a€?the unknown territorya€?]. There are some scholars such as Professor Ivan Van Sertima and Shaykh Abdallah Hakim Quick, and articles in various Muslim publications beginning in 1996, who assert the pre-Columbian presence of Muslim Africans in the Americas.
It is one thing to read about towering figures in the ancient Muslim world like Al-Idrisi (#219), Al-Biruni (#214.3), Al-Masa€™udi and many, many others whose contributions laid the foundations of the modern sciences of history, geography, cartography, and sea navigation. To read about the existence of West Africa Muslim scholars and monarchs like Mansa Musa and Abubakari II, is titillating.
These references and more all point to what the non-expert activist dismissed as a€?wish-fulfillmenta€?. The list of distinguished Non-Muslim African American scholars who have written on the subject is long, stemming from as far back as the 1920s. Professor Ivan Van Sertima is an internationally acclaimed historian, linguist, and anthropologist. These scholarly, ground-breaking works, focusing upon African Muslim (as opposed to European Viking) pre-Columbia exploration of North America, include those written by what is believed to be the first Western author to write on the subject, Harvard Professor Leo Weiner (Africa and the Discovery of America, 1920-22).
These works compliment references in the writings of Christopher Columbus, Balboa, and other European explorers, to those very same Muslim African explorers (specifically The Mandinka a€“the people of Kunta Kinte, ancestor of Alex Haley, author of Roots, and The Autobiography of Malcolm X) who were already present in the Caribbean and North America, before the bearers of the Cross arrived (e.g. Lunde, Paul, Caroline Stone, Kegan Paul, Masa€™udi, The Meadows of Gold, The Abbasids, translation, London and New York, 1989. They are used to create the above graph and the accompanying Government Budget Spreadsheet page. When President Eisenhower, former Supreme Allied Commander during World War II, left office during an earnest Cold War with a nuclear-armed industrial giant committed to our destruction, we were spending 50% less on the military (adjusted for inflation).
Health-care spending per person in Japan and the western Europe is about half of what we pay here, AND they have better outcomes with better life expectancies (link, link). If a small part of that was invested in the taxpayer's simple tax-free account (for education and retirement; established automatically for all employees, with an opt-out provision), then almost all workers would retire in great shape.
It would reduce projected Social Security spending by about $115 billion (about 4%) when completely phased in and going forward. The values listed are the expected savings for 2015 if the cuts were enacted and total $124 billion for that year.
As the Congressional Budget Office has noted, advocates of reducing the subsidies argue that doing so a€?could help small farms indirectly, slowing the ratea€? of consolidation.
Would also reduce the number of Minuteman missiles and funding for nuclear research and development, missile development and space-based missile defense.
This option would cut disability spending by 5 percent by focusing on states with the loosest standards. This option would use a different, lower inflation measure both for Social Security and in the tax code (thus pushing more households into higher brackets over time).
Non-discretionary spending funds things like basic science research, road and railways, environmental protection, sustainable energy research, education, and job training - all critical to future economic growth.
Thus, two dollars of spending would be cut for every dollar in total tax increases under the proposed Fair Share Tax Reform.
On that page you can download the spreadsheet and see how the National Debt changes if you change tax rates and shift budget priorities. We hadna€™t filled all of our slots for the unplugged afternoon showcases at our booth and were accepting suggestions for newcomers.
Somewhere halfway through, an older balding gent resembling a Shakespearean actor began his set and got our riveting attention. However, I knew Ia€™d earmarked September 2011 for Anthony and I knew it was for a very good reason.
Another video, for a€?The Broken Years,a€? found him standing in front of a banner on which a€?Folk Cluba€? could be read on the right side. It focuses on the divided state of mind between Catholics and Protestants and a wish for a coming together, a communion of souls. Over rolling fingerstyle guitar, he sarcastically recounted the remarks of North Irelanda€™s iron-willed leader, Ian Paisley about a€?sharing power with representatives of the south over a€?his dead body.a€™a€? Paisley, of course, would eventually capitulate and north and south Ireland would achieve a truce.
He grew up in Belfast and was in school there from the start of the struggle between Northern and Southern Ireland. I made the decision to leave Ireland in 1974 when there was a nationwide strike and no one trusted anybody. I remember Ray Charles, Jim Reeves and some classical stuff, old 78s like Phil Harrisa€™ a€?Woodman Spare That Treea€™ and fun stuff like that.
As a teacher, it was possible for me to perform some evenings and still work in school during the day, but if one wants to expand and travel to shows, then it becomes too hard to do both. I got Songs for Anton from him when he played the Huntington Folk Festival and downloaded Sing A Chorus With Me from eMusic (the only one they had at the time). Sitting in what appears to be a room at home, with plants in the background, he affably expounds on the motivation behind his songs and demonstrates guitar chords and fingerings for anyone who wants to learn the songs. Over rolling fingerstyle guitar, he sarcastically recounted the remarksA  of North Irelanda€™s iron-willed leader, Ian Paisley about a€?sharing power with representatives of the south over a€?his dead body.a€™a€? Paisley, of course, would eventually capitulate and north and south Ireland would achieve a truce. Liam has a picture book called FISH coming out next spring, published by Neal Porter Books, and he is currently working on a graphic novel called Red Scare). Higgins Black Magic Ink, Pelikan Drawing Ink, Copic Opaque White, and a cheap set of well-worn Princeton brushes for wash.
As is written in Hagakure, The Way of the Cartoonist, “It is a mistake to put forth effort and obtain some understanding and then stop at that. Both phrases meant a€?The Sea of Darkness,a€? and anyone who has looked west from the northern coast of Portugal and seen the heavy cloudbanks lying across the horizon will admit the name is well-suited to the Atlantic.
Writing almost 1400 years after Aristotle, and perfectly aware that the earth is spherical, al-Masa€™udi could still compare it to an egg floating in water.
They tell marvelous stories of it, which we have related in our work entitled The Historical Annals, where we speak of what was seen there by men who entered it at the risk of their lives and from which some have returned safe and sound. If he went north, he may well have plundered the coasts of Portugal, France or even England. The author of this work compares himself to a man, who having found pearls of all kinds and colours and gathers them together into a necklace of and makes them into an ornament that its possessor guards with great care. I do not know where he could have found such an argument, but he puts the theory forward un his book, Of the Great Cities and Marvels of the Earth. The eighty-five sources that he lists at the beginning of his book include Ibn Khurradadhbiha€™s Book of Routes and Realms. It begins with traditional Greek theories about the shape of the earth and the division of the lands and seas.
Whatever form it took, systemized information about sea divisions was crucial to geographers who sought to understand the shape of the world, and they were able to receive information about the seas from those who actually sailed in the vast ocean to reach their destinations. They were of ships that had been wrecked and tossed about by the waves from the waters of the seas.
This could only explain how the individual planks flowed into the Mediterranean, al-Masa€™udi concludes. Other authors, even Christians writing in Arabic in the Caliphate, had less to say about the Byzantine Empire than al-Masa€™udi.
He demonstrates a deep understanding of historical change, tracing current conditions to the unfolding of events over generations and centuries. Again, while he may have read such earlier Arabic authors as Ibn Khurradad, Ibn al-Faqih, Ibn Rusta and Ibn Fadlan, al-Masa€™udi presented most of his material based on his personal observations and contacts made while travelling. He recorded the effect of westward migration upon the Byzantines, especially the invading Bulgars. This was clearly not easy, but he managed to glean a certain amount about the Slavs, for example, small numbers of whom traded regularly in Baghdad, as well as the other peoples of Central and Eastern Europe. This is slightly surprising, since the large number of African slaves in Baghdad would have made gathering information relatively simple. He does say a little about Galicia, but clearly al-Andalus did not interest Baghdad as much as Baghdad interested al-Andalus. The geographical range of his material and the reach of his ever inquiring spirit is truly impressive. In any case, each of my works contains information omitted in the book that preceded it, information which could not be ignored and knowledge of which is of the greatest importance and a genuine need.
Proponents of these theories use as evidence, reports of expeditions and voyages conducted by Arab navigators and adventurers who allegedly reached the Americas from the late ninth century onwards.
Arab sailors in the 10th century sailed westward from the Spanish port of Delba [Palos] into the Ocean of Darkness and Fog.
The oral traditions, scholarly writings, and academic research of experts ranging from centuries ago in the ancient world, to the present are offered as an argument. On the contrary, ancient Arabic language maps, Native American tribes with African names and words clearly embedded in their languages, statues, diaries, artifacts, etc.
They include not only Muslim African Americans like Clyde Ahmad Winters (who wrote a series of brilliant articles in the magazine Al-Ittihad in the late 1970s, including a€?Islam in Early North and South Americaa€?, and a€?The Influence of Mande Languages on Americaa€?,) and Shaykh Abdallah Hakim Quick (who is a widely respected and accomplished historian with a doctorate in West African studies, and author of Deeper Roots), but also scholars from the African continent - Dr. Weiner heads a list of historians and social scientists who were neither African nor African Americans (including Basil Davidson, Robert Silverburg, Cyrus Gordon (Before Columbus, 1971), Legrand H. Reform of government expenditures - using that tax income sensibly - is also critical to the future of our nation.
The proposed spending cuts, once fully implemented, would reduce total government spending (federal, state, municipal), measured as a percent of GDP, by almost 20% compared to average 2001-2010 levels.
Despite the revenue increases, taxes on the typical taxpayer (in fact, the bottom 80%) would be reduced substantially.


He warned against the defense industry hijacking government in his Military-Industrial Complex farewell address.
Within the United States, around the the city of Seattle and at the Mayo Clinic, they spend about 30% less per Medicare patient than the national average, AND have better results. Social Security could be viewed as a safety net to assure that no-one who contributed to the economy over a lifetime lives their retirement years in poverty.
Early initiation of Social Security benefits, as early as age 60, reduces annual benefits.
Eligibility for full benefits would require 40 years of filing a tax return with an income corresponding to at least full-time work at the minimum wage (during the transition, payment of the a€?olda€? Social Security payroll tax would count as a year toward the 40) OR a lifetime declared income of $6 million (in 2014 dollars) with at least 10 years of filing an at-least-minimum-wage tax return.
Supporters note that growing numbers of workers are classified as disabled, though the average job is less physically taxing.
The American Society of Civil Engineers has given the nationa€™s infrastructure an overall grade of D. Governments must honor commitments already made but should request give-backs (eg to avoid layoffs) where appropriate. The Spending Plan includes a 20% increase beyond inflation in state and municipal education spending phased in over 5 years.
Alternatively, we could drive the National Debt down to 40% of GDP and cut working-poor and middle class taxes even more substantially starting in about 2030.
Early initiationA  of Social Security benefits, as early as age 60, reduces annual benefits. The Republicans then cut taxes on the wealthy, started running up the national debt, and we now have the worst economy and bleakest employment prospects in 80 years. We got an email from Sibyl Moser of the Huntington Folk Society highly recommending someone who we thought was British, Anthony John Clarke.
A few clicks later I was looking at one of the many YouTube videos of Anthony and it all came back to me.
A resounding a€?Tuesday night is always Karaoke!a€? burst forth.The Brits love their sing-alongs and they love their Anthony John Clarke.
The left side was out of the camera frame, so we dona€™t know what town or organization it belonged to. I wanted a guitar when I heard Barry Maguire singing a€?Eve of Destructiona€™ and I loved the seriousness of the lyrics without fully understanding what it was about. I played support tours and shows with names like the Dubliners, Fairport Convention and so on and learned the business over many years. I asked him why and he said he owned a factory and employed twenty women who gutted and cleaned out salmon and he liked to get them all the same thing as a gift.
The latter contains all the audience favorites and was a great help in writing this article. The videos shift from a sepia-toned grayscale to full color during the instructional part, suggesting added updates. A But he promised me on his returnA back to the United States I would be the first media personality to interview him in New York City.A  I never will forget how confident he was that he would return victorious. It was ill-omened: for Christians, the word tenebrosum suggested evil and evoked the Prince of Darkness.
Two of these, The Green Sea and The Circumambient Ocean, appear in the passage just quoted from the famous 10th century Arab historian and geographer al-Masa€™udi, whose works are full of fascinating geographical information.
The Babylonians, and perhaps the Sumerians before them, envisaged the inhabited portion of the world as an upturned boat, a gufa, floating in the sea. The Arab historian Ibn Khaldun, writing 400 years after al-Masa€™udi and almost 1900 years after Aristotle, compared the inhabited portion of the world to a grape floating in a saucer of water.
Thus, a man from Cordoba named Khashkhash got together a number of young men from the same city and they set sail on the ocean in ships they had fitted out. But the story occurs in the context of a discussion of the All-Encompassing Sea, not the coasts of northern Europe, which were relatively well-known to the Arab geographers.
Medieval historians focused their attention on the ruler and his court, and to a certain extent on the a€?urban elite.a€? The doings of private citizens, particularly of the humbler classes, are only incidentally mentioned by Arab historians of the Middle Ages - or indeed, by their Christian counterparts.
As both a historian and geographer al-Masa€™udi presents China in the context of the entire world known to him in his Muruj al-dhahab wa-mdadin al-jawhar [Meadows of Gold and Mines of Gems].
It is an excellent work, but since the author never sailed, nor indeed traveled sufficiently to be acquainted with the kingdoms and cities, he did not know that the Indus in Sind has perfectly well-known sources. Like Ibn Khurradadhbih, he states that China was one of the seven ancient nations that existed before Islam and claims that its people descended from Noah. A general account of the seas based on Greek tradition ends with the Abyssinian Sea, that is, the Indian Ocean. Muslim geographers always began their accounts with the descriptions of seas and islands, and they often updated these discussions based on new information from contemporary sailors of the Indian Ocean.
This [type of ship] exists only in the Abyssinian sea [the Indian Ocean] because all of the ships of the Sea of Rum and the west [emending Arab to gharb] are nailed, while the ships of the Abyssinian sea are not fastened with iron nails, because the sea water dissolves the iron, so the nails become thin and weak in the sea. The seas did not connect to each other until the Suez Canal was constructed in the late 19th century.
He also described the geography of many lands beyond the Caliphate, as well as the customs and religious beliefs of many peoples. He perceived the significance of interstate relations and of the interaction of Muslims and Hindus in the various states of the subcontinent. He surveyed the vast areas inhabited by Turkic peoples, commenting on the extensive authority of the Khaqan previously, though no longer in al-Masa€™udia€™s time. He has some knowledge of other peoples of eastern and western Europe, even far away Britain.
Thus I have reviewed every century, together with the events and deeds which have marked it, up until the present. They returned after a long absence with fabulous treasures from a strange and curious land or unknown territory.
The truth is that there is such a constantly growing, extensive body of cultural, archaeological, anthropological, and linguistic evidence of Western and Northern African Muslim pre-Columbian American (and Caribbean) presence, that those who study the evidence and continue to deny the obvious, may reveal themselves to be rooted in old, racist, European renditions of American history. Both Idrisi and Masa€™udi wrote of Muslim African trans-Atlantic excursions to the Western world.
Sulayman Nyang, the Gambian-born Howard University Professor of African Studies , as well as Kofi Wangara, and others . We are now spending more than FIVE times that spent by the next most militarized country, China. Some regions spend twice as much per Medicare patient as do other regions and have worse results. If we wish to save this nation from economic disaster, we simply need to end the unrestrained and wasteful transfer of taxpayer money to the military-medical-industrial complex. Partial benefits are prorated down to 25% benefits for 10 years of at-least-minimum-wage work (or $1.5 million lifetime declared income with at least 5 years of filing an at-least-minimum-wage tax return). Opponents say it is less accurate for the elderly, who buy a different mix of goods and services than other households. To ensure future economic prosperity, the federal government's spending on infrastructure, research, and the environment should be tripled and 150 billion added to federal education spending. Going forward, statute should limit total compensation to those available for equivalent work in the private sector. Wea€™d just been introduced to the Irishman transplanted to British soil, Anthony John Clarke. Over and over, as often as they can get him a€” the folk clubs, the festivals and over the years, the pubs.
So the protest element in that song and others by traditional singing groups like the Dubliners and the Clancys was highly influential to me and very important. Also enormously helpful was a copy of Anthonya€™s songbook, An Acquaintance, containing 50 songs, loaned to me by Sibyl Moser. Ita€™s an intimate house concert and I plan on being one of the lucky few to see him again. This old Sumerian word was used to describe the round-bottomed reed boats used in the marshes of southern Iraq, where they are still known by the same name. We know as much as we do about the efforts of Prince Henry the Navigator to find the sea-route to the Indies because these expeditions were sponsored by the Crown, and the same is true of the four voyages of Columbus.
Thus having been well traveled throughout both the a€?Abbasid empire and India during his lifetime, al-Masa€™udi acquired a variety of sources that he used to compile his encyclopedic historical and geographical masterpiece. In contrast, al-Masa€™udi supplies richer and more detailed description than Ibn khurradadhbih does, providing detailed geographical facts and a genealogy of the imperial family (which is unreliable, however, because it provides names that are difficult to trace in contemporary Chinese sources).
Al-Masa€™udi portrays the Indian Ocean as one mass of water comprising seven connected seas. So people [of the Abyssinian sea] used stitching with fibers instead of the nails, and [the ships are] coated with grease and lime. Yet, as we now know, Abu Zayd and al-Masa€™udia€™s suggested route is unimaginable because small dhow planks could never have floated all the way from the Sea of China to the Pacific Ocean, through the straight of the Bering Sea and into the Arctic Ocean, down Norwegian Sea near Scandinavia, and then through the Strait of Gibraltar at Spain in order to finally enter the Mediterranean Sea. He conveyed the great diversity of Turkic peoples, including the distinction between sedentary and nomadic Turks.
He knows less of West Africa, though he names such contemporary states as Zagawa, Kawkaw and Ghana. Furthermore, there is to be found at the beginning of this book a description of the seas and continents, of lands inhabited and uninhabited, of the lives of foreign kings, their histories and those of all the different peoples.
It is a literary prize awarded every two years a€?for a work of excellence in literature and the humanities relating to the cultural heritage of Africa and the African diaspora.a€? Van Sertimaa€™s later compilation, African Presence in Early America, is considered a definitive work on the subject.
Physician incentives to profit more from every test and procedure they prescribe must be blunted. Together this would cost an extra 380 billion in 2014 and further increased 2% beyond inflation each year going forward. After our showcases ended, we had a brief chat and found that he intended to visit the States in the fall of 2011.
No doubt, Anthony had been in front of them many times before or they had listened to his albums over and over. Another six albums are out of print, but Anthony states on the website that he will provide copies upon request for a reduced price. I left the guitar in the case and worked, played poker, tried squash and read the paper worrying about Thatcherism. Documents, logs and maps were placed in royal archives and were available to the historians of the time, whereas knowledge of the mugharrirun and Khashkhash has come down to us only because of the chance interest of al-Idrisi and al-Masa€™udi. Each of these seas has its own name and features; the seventh of these lying at the easternmost end is the Sea of China. This proves, and God knows better, the connection of the seas, and that the sea near China and the country of Slid [Korea] goes all round the country of the Turks, and reaches the sea of the west [the Mediterranean?] through some straits of the encircling ocean.
He noted their independent attitude, the absence of a strong central authority among them, and their paganism. If God gives me life, if He extends my days and grants me the favor of continuing in this world, I will follow this book with another, which will contain information and facts on all kinds of interesting subjects. States pay about one-third of all Medicaid costs and should realize similar savings on those expenditures. All this additional spending is included in the pay down of the national debt pictured at the top of this page. Then, with an assist from an inspired co-written add-on, things really spin out of control a€¦ She lifted up her skirt, she grabbed the nearest priest, she began to flirt a€¦She got on stage to strut her a€?Londonderry Aira€?a€¦ Therea€™s nothing like a little irreverence to reach the heart of a folk audience.
It is probable, however, that they entered sailorsa€™ lore along the Atlantic seaboard and joined the tales of other fabulous islands to the west - the Antilles, Brazil, St. This complete description of the Indian Oceana€™s seven seas supplements the missing part of the extant manuscript for the original volume of Accounts of China and India in 851.
Did shipbuilders in the Mediterranean Sea build ships without using nails, consciously or unconsciously imitating dhows? He was very well informed on Rus trade with the Byzantines and on the competence of the Rus in sailing merchant vessels and warships. A present day analogy would be the use of the phrases a€?I am going Downtowna€? or a€?I am going into the Citya€? by those who live near say New York City, Chicago or London respectively. Without limiting myself to any particular order or method of setting them down, I will include all sorts of useful information and curious tales, just as they spring to mind.
Van Sertima appeared before a Congressional Committee to challenge the a€?Columbus mytha€?.
My calculations phase in the 30% cut over 5 years and phase out spending on the Iraq an Afghanistan wars over the same period. Further, often the procedures are done in centers that the physician owns, so he gets both the hospital fee and procedure fee. We might envision the same thing happening over and over again in the many pubs throughout England.
I was at a frienda€™s house one evening and he put on Jackson Brownea€™s album The Pretender. Although his biographer Ahmad Shboul questions the furthest extent sometimes asserted for al-Masa€™udia€™s travels, even his more conservative estimation is impressive: Al-Masa€™udia€™s travels actually occupied most of his life from at least 915 to very near the end. Lunde and Stone note that al-Masa€™udi in his Tanbih states that the revised edition of Muruj al-dhahab contained 365 chapters. We may never know the story, but we can understand from the passage how Aba Zayd and al-Masa€™udi understood the geography of the world during their time. This work will be called The Reunion of the Assemblies, a collection of facts and stories mixed together, to provide a sequel to my earlier writings and to complement my other works. Please keep a positive attitude with your replies and it should all be worth our efforts.Since Ia€™ve become a member of E2S, Ia€™m starting to see a lot of the JUNK work which others have paid a lot of money, only to end up in disappointment. Where possible, the decision to test or treat should be made by one physician who does not profit from that decision.
I had watched a lot of local acts in Belfast (and then Liverpool where I moved to) who I thought were not properly cooked [fully developed] and attempting to go too early into the paid shows. His journeys took him to most of the Persian provinces, Armenia, Azerbaijan and other regions of the Caspian Sea; as well as to Arabia, Syria and Egypt. Ia€™d like to show and explain how things would be done from the a€?Old Doga€? perspective. Perhaps more physicians need to be paid with generous annual salaries, rather than per test and operation. He followed that with Russians and Americans, the Al Stewart masterpiece, and we finished the evening off with John Martyna€™s Solid Air, which to this day is still the greatest living collection of songs. He also travelled to the Indus Valley, and other parts of India, especially the western coast; and he voyaged more than once to East Africa. Lunde and Stone in the introduction to their English translation state that al-Masa€™udi received much information on China from Abu Zaid al-Sirafi whom he met on the coast of the Persian Gulf. In Syria al-Masa€™udi met the renowned Leo of Tripoli who was a Byzantine admiral who converted to Islam.
A My second week at the course I got in early and became bored while waiting for my homeboys. In Egypt he found a copy of a Frankish king list from Clovis to Louis IV that had been written by an Andalusian bishop.
A My teammates and coaches were often challenged by my "Just give me the ball and get the hell out of my way" attitude.
A I was not the best athlete on the field or on the court, but I thought I was.A When the game was on the line I wanted the ball in my hands. Just clamp the bar to the (cylinder base gasket area), in your vice instead of attempting to clamp the cylinder. A A It was a hot evening and the constant in and out of the woods was not a pleasant undertaking.
What I thought would be a nine-hole outing turned into eighteen holes and a White House visit and a Presidential appointment in 1969.
General William Rogers, Hattie, President Nixon and HBA Petey and I would become great friends and in 1965 we would meet again.
A The United Planning Organization a self-help community organization was hiring "Neighborhood Workers." A They hired three, me, Petey and H. A Two years later Rap would be named Chairman of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. A I would become a Roving Leader (Youth Gang Task Force) for the DC Recreation Department and Petey would find his new home in radio at WOL. A Three UPO "Neighborhood Workers" would go on to establish their own independent idenities. A Petey would win 2 Emmy Awards and in 2007 there was a feeble attempt to do his life story on the big screen.
It was suggested from a friend to use this hone while running the drill in A reverse direction. He is now in jail serving a life sentence for the murder of a black Deputy Sherrif in Fulton County, Georgia. Brian McIntyre.A  He was sitting almost alone and there was no one waiting in line (compared to today's media circus). A  I looked down and notice that all the white media were seated on one side of half-court and all the blacks were seated on the other side of the half-court line.
He stepped in front of me and said "I got it."A It would be the start of the 4th quarter that Mark returned to the press table table and apologize for his unprofessional actions. A There were other mistakes like someone thought a black Judy Holland was VP material---far from it.
A It took a minute but in the meantime, he was making an effort to bring about change in his own way. A But according veteran (32 years) sports writer Bill Rhoden of the New York Times, progress in sports media pressrooms around the country are on a slow boat to China.A His recent appearance on the widely acclaimed television news show Meet the Press, he said, "the NBA, NFL and MLB are still dragging their feet. Media pressrooms at Deadline are still the last plantations.A A Pioneering broadcaster and former NBA CBS basketball analyst Sonny Hill and now a sports talk show host on WIP Radio in Philadelphia said, "I am not surprised by Rhoden's statement, very little has changed in media pressrooms. A One of the problems there is no networking among blacks who have moved it up the ladder." A That is an understatement. A  The copy rights for Inside Sports is own by News Week Magazine and it is own by the Washington Post.
A A First, there was a a problem with the PR Men from hell, Brian Sereno and Matt Williams.


A A It was brought to my attention that Sereno was disrespecting the ladies of The Roundball Report. A The meeting was set before a Wizard's game in the press louge but Scott Hall was the lead man. A He listened and we disagreed on some points but when we walked away from the table we were on the same page.
A The community and everyone in it was a friend, the old and the young, the black and the white and the healthy and the lame.
A I was honored to speak at his retirement held at the arena just before the Bullets moved to Washington and changed their name to the Wizards.A Denny Gordon was in ticket sales and it seem like he knew everyone who brought a ticket. A He was made the scapegoat after being sold out by his assisstant coach Bernie Bickerstaff and others.
A The meeting revolved around a charity all-star game scheduled for the Bahamas, the island home of NBA star Mycal Thompson. A Magic Johnson was one of All-Stars participating.A Representatives from the NBA included VP Ron Thorne, Legal Counsel Gary Bettman and head of security Horace Balmer. A A Gary Bettman is the Commissioner of the NHL, Thorne is somewhere lurking in the NBA, Balmer has since retired and Magic is a role model for Black America? A A The short lived existence of basketball legend Michael Jordan as a Wizard's player and Executive in the front office. A After the story broke he and several teammates made light of it during introductions of a game. A He was eventually suspended for most of the 2009a€“10 season.A The thing that I find disturbing about this Donald Sterling charade is that folks are acting like they were surprised by his rants against blacks. A A I also notice the same "Old faces and voices" are called on to respond to the racist acts by men like Sterling---when they are a part of the problem . A He and Sterling were good friends because "Birds of a feather flock together." A  Check Magic's history out and you will discover the two have a lot in common.
A Magic's claim to be a minority owner of the LA Dodgers is another sham (token black face). James Brown (CBS Sports) another mis-guilded brother claiming to be a minority baseball owner and an expert on racism. A He did finally admit on the late George Michael Show (Sports Machine) "I have no say in making baseball decisions as a minority owner." A His role as a minority owner is to be paraded out on Opening Day as the black face to read the starting line-ups. A A This is the same Michael Wilbon that I had at least two recent conversations about the use of the N word as a term of endearment. A I have to give him credit, he will at least talk to me face to face and not behind my back.
A I tried to explain that his rationale that his grandfather's use the word as a term of endearment does not make it right today.
A I told him he should not go on national television saying it is okay to use the N word among friends and family.
A It gives bigots like Donald Sterling the Green Light to do the same among his friends and family. A Plus, Michael told me he was not going to appear on the ESPN Show Outside the Lines because the white host had no horse in the race!
A A I wish that Magic, James, Michael and the rest of the media experts would defer to black men like Hank Aaron, Dr. A But they wear the battle scars and have been on the front lines of the civil rights movement in real life and in the sports arenas of America. A In other words, they have been there and done that.A I guess that is wishful thinking, especially when everyone wants to be an expert on television. A In the meantime, they don't know their asses from a hole in the ground but the beat goes on and on. A Auerbach would go a step further in the 1966-67 NBA season, when he stepped A down after winning nine titles in 11 years, and made Bill Russell player-coach.
A A trailblazers, RED AND DOTIE AUERBACHi»? ON INSIDE SPORTSA Russell would eventually be the first black to win an NBA championship. A There are far too many crying "Foul" and playing the victims in this charade, to include some NBA owners.A Let me start with my homeboy, the great Elgin Baylor who was the Clippers GM for over 2 decades. His teams were perennial losers on the court and in attendance, but he picked up his check every two weeks and kept his mouth shut.
A A In his deposition, Elgin spoke about what he called Sterling's 'plantation mentality,' alleging the owner in the late 1990s rejected a coaching candidate, Jim Brewer, because of race. A Talking about an organization needing a change of name and a face-lift---meet Leon Jenkins.A Jenkins seen above at a press conference trying to explain why the li»?ocal branch was honoring Sterling during the 100th Anniversary of the organization next month.
A A He explained the previous award had been approved by the man he replaced and he just went along to get along. A A Sterling won't be the first to sleep black and think white when it comes to sex, politics and money.
Slave owners lived by the credo and in modern day history there was the late Senator Strom Thurmond. A Nike NBA rep John Phillips and I met with VP Rod Thorn, League Counsel Gary Bettman and Head of League Security, Horace Balmer. A The meeting centered around whether Magic Johnson, Mycal Thompson and a group of NBA All-Stars would be allowed to travel to the Bahamas for a charity basketball game without league approval.
The game had been played in the Bahamas the previous year without incident or controversy.A It was obvious that there was a power-play being made by the league office to cancel the game. Thorn open the meeting by asking who was going to be responsible if one of the players was hurt during the game? A Magic suggested that the topic of conversation just might be centered around an injury to a player. I think that others will agree with me that the final fitting is far more important than the boring machine operation. I tried to explain that playing the game was no different then one of the players participating in a pick-up game on a New York City playground in the off season. A What is this some kind of plantation?"A The room went silent and Horace Balmer the only other black in the room just shook his head and seem to be lost for words. A Thorn called off the discussion and promised to get back to us but he never did.A In the meantime, Magic Johnson disappeared and changed his number.
A Mycal was a class act but his hands were tied when Magic decided to do his Houdini act.A Gary Bettman now runs the NHL, Ron Thorn is still in the NBA somewhere calling the shots, Horace Balmer has since retired and Magic is the face (black) in the middle of the Donald Sterling charade. A When all is said and done, the real victim despite all of her baggage is the girlfriend (The Whistle Blower) V.
The power stroker didn't turn out to be very practicle for one at a time cylinder work. A NBA Commissioner Adam Silver during his annoucement as it related to the punishment of Donald Sterling apologize to black NBA pioneers Earl Lloyd, Chuck Cooper and Magic Johnson. A He reminds me of the controversial Celebrity Chef Paula Deen who alledgely use The N word to describe her love for black folks. A  How should we expect her to know if she has never walked in our shoes ?A  When it is a part of your DNA it is difficult to rid yourself of the gene.A  A One morning I was watching Ms. I spent a good part of the day hacking on a chunk of aluminum to turn it into a reed valve block. With a little forethought any person can do this kind of workmanship on entry level equipment. Ia€™m attempting to encourage any of you people to add some machine shop capabilities to your work shop. As your capabilities grow so will your business grow.It takes time but certainly is rewarding to me. Maybe a TIG welder first, Lathe, mill, & Cylinder service equipment, my family has always been lifelong machinery junkies. This award was longed overdue and I wonder why it took the NAACP so long to finally recognized Mr.
Belafonte in accepting the award asked, "Where are today's black leaders?A  Our children's blood is still running in our streets---there is work still to be done.
The coalition stated it will urge President Obama to mention an urban jobs plan in his state of the Union speech on February 12th----Good luck! Wea€™ll do final fitting before welding it on.It took some thinking to figure out how to clamp the cylinder to the mill table. Ben Carson of John Hopkins University Hospital.A  His prayer and message was centered around health care, the economy, American debt, and tax reform, thus taking dead aim at President Obama's platform for the nation.
Carson spend 25 minutes talking about the nation's ills and solutions with the President sitting less than 5 feet from him.A  When all was said and done, President Obama was not looking so Presidential!
The last little problem is the need for enough clearance around the manifold for the TIG welding torch. Next week we will start putting things together.After the reed installation we need to finish up the liner install.
Carson set the record straight from the very beginning.A  He made it clear he was not taking any wooden nickels.
IfA  you read my thread you will learn about machine shop procedures which you wona€™t learn many other places. There are some very foolish people on our E2S site who wish to wreck this for everyone else.
There are also the Rottler & Van Norman machines which are also around if you look for them. If youa€™re looking for a boring bar & the latter 2 are available, they are all top quality pieces of equipment. I was introduced to the Kwik Way brand back in the 70a€™s & have never had any reason to switch to other brands. In 2010, he became that series' youngest driver and the first black driver to win a race at Greenville-Pickens Speedway. A close friend of mine that has been partially paralyzed by strokes, pays for aids to "help". If they show up, they usually just sit and do nothing, root through her jewelry and personal effects, and some have been caught stealing jewelry. One was there when she collapsed with another stroke, and instead of calling for help, she called her boyfriend and left, leaving her patient to manage on her own. It runs M - F from 10am - Noon and starting on Monday July 22 will repeat from 4pm - 6pm each day.
My opinions about Tiger Woods or any other issue are mine and I could give a damn about what Feinstein or anybody else things about them. In their prime at theA Washington Post, they were among the best sports writers in the country. A I was up close and personal with the sports department.A Kindred and Chad were talented writers but you could not trust them, Cornheiser and Feintstein's talent, they easily blended in with the landscape of the paper. A Feinstein called Wilbon the biggest ass kisser in sports media, if that is true he had great teacher in Cornheiser. A When Solomon tried to kick Cornheiser to the curve (fire him) in the 80s he was able to move to the Style section of the paper.
A One black female Washington Post columnist wrote a book titled "Plantation on the Potomac." A She was describing her employer. A Hopefully, they were asked to participate and were of the same mindset as Wilbon not comfortable with Mr.
A Goodell makes more than any player in the NFL and he never has to make a tackle or catch a pass.A The owners recent pay out to the players for injuries suffered on their watch was peanuts compared to the billions they make year in and year out. A When he refused a request by his mother to cease using the word and a similar plea by poet Myra Angelo. Martin Luther Kinga€™s 1963 march on Washington and 46 years since his assassination in Memphis, Tenn. With the high-scoring Macauley, elite passer Cousy, and new prodigy Sharman, Auerbach had a core that provided high-octane fast-break basketball.
In the next years until 1956, the Celtics would make the playoffs every year, but never won the title. Brown was desperate to turn around his struggling and financially strapped franchise, which was reeling from a 22a€“46 record.[5]A The still young but already seasoned Auerbach was made coach.
A Nike NBA rep John Phillips and I met with VP Rod Thorn, League Counsel Gary Bettman and Head of League Security, Horace Balmer.A The meeting centered around whether Magic Johnson, Mycal Thompson and a group of NBA All-Stars would be allowed to travel to the Bahamas for a charity basketball game without league approval.
A He was right on point.A To this day I think Magic had a previous discussion with the league office.
James Gholson, Red Auerbach, Biff Carter, Jessie Chase, Morgan Wooten, Everett Cookie Payne Sr., Frank Bolden, Dr. Leo Hill, Roper McNair, Earl Alfred, Maxwell Honemond, Tilman Sease, William Roundtree, Charlie Baltimore, Jaky Mathews, Ferdinand Day, Nick Turner, Walter Brooks, Ted McIntye, and my saviors, Dave Brown and Bighouse Gaines.A  They knew their Xs and Os, but more important, they were there for our highs and lows.A  Where have all those flowers gone?
We never could have made it without them.I have given up on the Pigskin Club, but keeping hope alive for the DC Recreation Department and the Roving Leader Program.
BELL 12-25-1940---8-1-2013A A GOOD COP WHO BROKE THE CODE OF SILENCE IN THE WASHINGTON, DC POLICE DEPARTMENT.
A The real Serpico is seen leaving the Bronx Courthouse alone after testifying before the Knapp Commission on wide spread police corruption in the department. A In the old days police A would carry a "drop knife---an inexpensive weapon cops would bring along on patrol to drop onto or next to suspect that they had taken out so that they could say that he had threaten them. A Today you don't even need to do that; all that you have to do is justify the use of deadly force if you are a police officer is to say that you feared for your life, for whatever reason.
If the victim dies, that just means there will one less witness around to contradict the test-lie.
A In the case of Officer Michael Slager of the North Charleston police, it appears he was being extra-carefulto cover his tracks. A Probably he could have gotten away with simply declaring, as he did in the radioed report, that Walter Scott "took my taser," and that would have probably have sufficed to exonerate him. A But Slager having shot Scott eight times in the back--as everyone can see in the now famous video--perhaps felt that he needed a little help explaining what he was up to. A So apparently dropped his Taser next to Scott's body, which would obviously help to make the case that Scott "Took my taster."A If you think that what happen in North Charleston is a unique case, its not. A Only recently, in another case, a policewoman in Pennsylvania first Tasered a black man then shot him twice in the back as he lay face down in the snow.
A Unless honesty is rewarded more often then corruption, the police will lose credibility altogether.
A I wrote a letter to President Bill Clinton in 1994 addressing this very issue, saying that honest cops have never been rewarded, and maybe there ought to be a medal for them, he wrote back but nothing change. A If enough testi-lying is uncovered, then who is going to believe the police even when they are telling the truth?
A A Until now the shoot first fear of my life mantra has eliminated any cause for concern in the taking of life by police. A When a civilian committs a crime, every nuance is looked at, the better to "throw the book at" the suspect. A The other day I got a letter from a journalist in Argentina who was complaining about police and judicial corruption there. A I wrote back to him, there are good cops, even where you live, but if the good cops don't want to be painted with the same broad brush as the bad cops, they need to come forward and expose the guys who are doing bad things.
A Take New York City detective who was caught on camera recently abusing an Uber driver with threats and foul language, A This was truly disgusting behavior. Yet predictably enough the detective union leader, Michael Palladino, was out there making excuses for him, suggesting that, well, it was only one incident, and everyone has a bad day. A Afterward Police Commissioner William Bratton announced he was removing the detective's shield and placing him temporarily on desk duty while an investigation is conducted . A But this man needs to be demoted to uniform at the very least, or "back in the bag" as we use to say. A Imagine what he is capable of doing under the cover of darkness if he can talk to someone like that in broad daylight. A There are plenty legitimate incidents where police believe, correctly, that their lives are in danger. A I was in a few of those situations myself during the course of my career.A But unless the police forces and society as a whole take action we're not going to be able to distinguish between the legititimate claims and made-up testimony. A A long time ago Norman Rockwell painted a famous picture of a friendly neighborhood cop bending down to help a little boy.
A For example; I could name someone who is a great athlete but a lousy human being or I could name someone who is a great human being but not a great athlete. A Heading the list is Muhammad Ali (The Greatest), Red Auerbach (NBA), Dave Bing (NBA), Lenny Moore (NFL), Bert R. Sugar (Boxing), Lee Jones (NBA), Roy Jefferson (NFL) and Harold McLinton (NFL), finding pro athletes like them today are far, few and in-between. A And that is a sad commentary when you think about the hundreds of men and women I have interviewed on Inside Sports and worked with as a youth advocate (Kids In Trouble). Moore, LB Dave Robinson (2013 NFL Hall of Fame inductee) and WR Roy Jefferson host KIT toy party. A Sam Jones (NBA), Lenny Moore (NFL) and Roy Jefferson (NFL) participate in KIT clothing drive for needy children at Union Station.
A Bert Sugar (Boxing) receives KIT Life Time Achievement Award and Dave Bing (NBA) pays tribute to KIT Saturday Program All-Stars.I had the opportunity to hear an interview on Sirius A XM Radio (channel 126) on the Maggie Linton Show recently, her guest was NFL Washington Pro football player, wide receiver Peirre Garcon.
A I have not been very impressed with todaya€™s pro athletes and their give back commitment to their family, friends and community. A He has three older sisters making him the youngest and the only one born in the United States.His father died when he was 4 years old leaving his mother to raise him and his 3 sisters alone. A My background is similar to Peirrea€™s, my mother had to raise 4 boys alone with an assist from Grandma Bell.



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