An incredibly complex disease, depression has an interwoven variety of biological, psychological, and sociological contributing factors.
Thankfully, as countless studies show, with meditation, you can boost both serotonin and norepinephrine, naturally. Indeed, the neuroscientific community has built a mountain of evidence confirming that meditation can quickly,safely, and easily turn depression on its head. Our hunting and gathering ancestors needed their “survival mode” activated amygdala on a daily basis, modern man does not. Meditation will restore your present mind focus, allowing you to see the beautiful moment to moment unfolding of life, keeping everything from getting stale. With EquiSync®, you can achieve a super pleasurable, extremely beneficial state of deep meditation quickly, safely, and easily.
Pratiquer la meditation pour vaincre la depression est aussi efficace que les medicamentsLa depression est une maladie qui touche pres de 350 millions de personnes dans le monde. Right mindfulness, samm?-sati, is the 7th step on the Buddha’s Nobel Eightfold Path of enlightenment.
Mindfulness meditation is also branded nowadays as mindfulness-based cognitive behavioural therapy (MCBT), although how much it has in common with regular CBT is debatable.
The essence of mindfulness is deceptively simple: you try to become a detached observer of your own feelings and thoughts.
MCBT has attracted a lot of attention as a possible way of helping people with depression achieve relapse prevention. Overall, though, this is a decent study, and shows that, for some people, mindfulness can be helpful. Segal ZV, Bieling P, Young T, Macqueen G, Cooke R, Martin L, Bloch R, & Levitan RD (2010). Another issue with this study may be the interaction with a provider in the mindfulness group. And ultimately, if Charles Darwin were an axe murderer the theory of evolution would still be as valid, so i don't really accept your ad hominem argument as possessing validity. As I said in the post, placebo effects are there, but they are in all psychotherapy trials, and arguably, that's not a problem. What's crucial is to identify subsets of people that will respond positively to treatment. Frankly this study is not exactly an endorsement of the efficacy of medication for depression.
Given the often horrific nature of withdrawal symptoms, could such an abrupt withdrawal of venlafaxine account for the poor results in the placebo arm.
Furthermore, to ensure informed consent, are participants told what withdrawal symptoms are?
As a meditator for many years, and someone who has taken many different antidepressants, I wonder whether this study looks in enough detail at the process. If I was teaching a meditation class I would think having half continuing after 6 months, and 20% after a year, was good going – so there is another factor.
Also if I was teaching someone to meditate I would explain to them how lifestyle affects one's ability to meditate effectively.
The thing with depression seems to be to do everything: eat well, get fresh air and exercise, reduce stress, meditate, and take drugs as well if necessary. Mindfulness meditation is not something wherein one is going to become proficient unless one makes it a lifestyle choice, diving in fully. As for whether one can engage effectively in Mindfulness practice while on depression meds, that is an interesting question. Neuro: With all due respect, I doubt the drop outs did so because they were getting happier.
Petrossa, I see what you're saying and I would agree with you if history and ideologies were that simple. There's only one recognized theocracy in the world today and that would be the Vatican City.
When religions once ran the world, yes, things were bloody, but that needs to be understood through history. Even though terrorists are predominantly considered from Islamic backgrounds, they haven't ejected Islamic persons from the West. Meditation is just another form of selfhypnosis and as such equal to placebo which does has the same effect.
Whilst i have no proof of this occams razor applied the only logical conclusion can be that any beneficial effects gained from any form of mental influence over corporal effects should have the basic underlying mechanism. It's not evident to assume that corporal influence on such a basic level can be caused by more then one central mechanism. There has still been no convincing study of the additive effects of mindfulness meditation to standard CBT (if any). Petrossa, I'm not sure what it is that you think the placebo effect is or what placebos do. If pain can be managed, it can be postponed and if the injury is not incapacitating the animal can seek refuge and heal. Therefore a mechanism must be in place that can used to suppress or deactivate the center which makes pain known since blocking the nerve signals themselves is not feasible. There are studies running at the moment where the control condition is MBCT without the mindfulness element.

Neuroskeptic is a British neuroscientist who takes a skeptical look at his own field, and beyond. From a variety of angles, we discuss 8 ways meditation is the very best way to once and for all, become depression free.
Numerous brain studies of meditators clearly show highly developed, well formed hippocampi.
Sara Lazar showed that the brains of meditators had remarkably more prefrontal cortex gray matter thickness — with degree being directly linked to level of meditation experience. The problem with taking anti-depressants are many: unknown side effects (paradoxically, suicide is one), dependency, and they flat out don’t work for many people. Would you rather take a pill for temporary happiness or be truly and permanently happy with meditation? We disconnect, give up, feel jaded, and become disinterested in life — depression at its dirtiest. Being able to stay centered, relaxed and present is the optimal state of balance for both mind and body. For life events that would normally make us depressed, meditation upgrades how we react to them.
The good news is that meditation healthily and naturally deactivates the depressed person’s overcharged amygdala, optimizing their brain and body for full happiness restoration (even if happiness is long forgotten). By opening your mind up to a whole new world of stimuli, meditation makes even the most mundane life feel alive and fresh — and depression simply falls away.
Ces episodes de tristesse, de manque de confiance en soi et de perte de gout a la vie, ne doivent pas etre pris a la legere. The short answer is that 8 weeks of mindfulness mediation training was just as good as prolonged antidepressant treatment over 18 months. Rather than just getting angry, you notice the feelings of anger, without letting them take over. The idea is that if you can train people to become aware of depressive thoughts and feelings if they start to reappear, they’ll be able to avoid being sucked into the cycle of depression. This is a sensible treatment regime, not one relying on low doses and doubtful drugs, as in many other antidepressant trials.
After 5 months of sustained treatment, these 84 patients were randomized into 3 groups: continuation of their antidepressant, placebo pills, or mindfulness.
People who either stayed on the drugs, or who got the mindfulness training, did a lot better, with 70% staying well, and there were no differences between the two. Antidepressant Monotherapy vs Sequential Pharmacotherapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, or Placebo, for Relapse Prophylaxis in Recurrent Depression. Normally, there are 8 2hr sessions of mindfulness in these kinds of studies, and Kaptchuk et al (2008) showed that interaction with a provider tends to create the largest set of placebo effects, so unless this was equlaised, this study probably needs replication. The second time I came off it was a month or so, but this was with the help of cross-tapering to fluoxetine.
Of course they see themselves working wonders, but I wonder whether you can really de-contextualise meditation and it still be effective? But of course this does not help anyone to design and fund a study; or plan and pay for treatments for a nation with an increasing problem with depression. We don't know that the people who stayed well on MCBT, were the ones who stayed well on drugs. If we look at history, Buddhism was a minor religion and much less bloody than Christianity or Confucianism, dominant religions in Europe and East respectively.
Islamic countries adhering to the Sharia laws are considered autocracies, one of reasons because they have an army, weapons embargos, elected officials etc. They are regarded as militia groups endorsed by terrorist sponsoring states, or private investors, other govts via the CIA, MOSSAD etc.
The only thing i wanted to point out is that the Bhuddist ideology has been falsified in its basic tenures so as such it's not a valid scientific mechanism for experimentation.
A brief google search reveals that the way the brain handles placebo pain medication is different than the way it handles placebo antidepressants is different than placebo alcohol… etc. It likely shares some things in common with both as it is intended to reduce anxiety and involves heightened self-awareness. Because when meditating, my mind is free and relaxed so it releases all my anxieties and stress and problems. His blog offers a look at the latest developments in neuroscience, psychiatry and psychology through a critical lens. In fact, one 2007 study (University of Geissen, Germany) found a one to one relationship with number of years meditation experience and the overall hippocampal grey matter density. Anti-depressants influence how certain neurotransmitters work in the brain, namely serotonin and norepinephrine. In fact, clinical evidence has shown anti-depressants to be no more effective than a placebo! By helping you see the obvious flaw in the mindlessness of “scarcity” thinking, meditation will redirect your focus to where it matters most, swinging your life right back into balance, allowing you to feel whole again. In 1991, a study was undertaken at the Biofeedback Institute (Saxby & all) where 14 depressed alcoholics were given experimental alpha and theta brainwave therapy over 20 sessions. In addition, at the 21 month followup, results were still very much in tact, relapse was very low. A study published in The Journal of Neuroscience (Drevets & all) found depressed people’s “left amygdala” to be in nonstop, hyper-mode.

The people who ended up on placebo had their antidepressants gradually replaced by sugar pills over a number of weeks, to avoid withdrawal effects. While the mechanisms and the potential for expectancy effects to be a driver of the benefits has not yet been fully tested, the effect sizes seem too large to be just placebo. But again, it doesn't really matter if there is a placebo contribution, as long as it is effective. Meditation addresses the social side to holistic or remedial therapy but it isn't equivalent to meds. But a third stayed better even off meds (and on mindfulness); and 20% of the placebo group stayed better. For some people the temptation to introspect rather than do the technique makes it unbearable. Maybe they were different people, meaning that the drugs were important for all of the meds people who stayed well; which would imply that meds + MCBT would be even better. More likely is that they dropped out because they either felt no different, felt worse or got sick of the side effects. Patients might be conditioned to associate a pill or injection with relief of pain and then still experience it even when given dummy medication. This makes sense as the effects of the real drugs are much different from each other and the patient's experiences in both real and placebo conditions are different in each case. But the main point of it is to be able to observe one's own mental and body states and to become generally more aware of what one is experiencing. Yet another way meditation is revolutionizing modern medicine, particularly for those afflicted with depression. If you want to re-wire your brain for happiness, effectively freeing yourself from the chains of depression, then meditation is priority one. When levels of these two highly important brain chemicals get too low, we feel an overwhelming sense of sadness, and thusly, become depressed. Modern society has the habit of mindlessly pursuing material and superficial things under the false pretense of “not having enough”. Once you achieve this super beneficial state on a daily basis you will feel a deep sense of calmness, while still being alert and full of energy. Each participant took a “Beck Depression Inventory Score” pre and post experiment, to gauge degree of depression. If alpha and theta brainwaves are so beneficial, how does one go about getting them without expensive biofeedback therapy?
Like a negative thought vortex, trying to extract happiness from some other place or time gets us nowhere — this mindless overthinking can quickly suck away today’s joy.
Whatever, I agree with your main point about about a combined treatment group for this study. Buddhism in the East today is a variant of traditional Buddhism which might be mixed with Confucianism.
Tibet because of China is not considered a theocracy, but like the Palestinians without a state, they are informally recognized as a theocracy under the behest of the Dalai Lama.
Interacting with a caring health professional and feeling like one is receiving treatment can result in lower stress and anxiety and thus fewer negative symptoms for an illness. The supposed effects of it are also not immediate; they are supposed to build over time as you repeatedly use the different meditation exercises as a coping strategy and as you get better at remaining in a meditative state. When I was in graduate school at a very prestigious university, we were taught that most mood episodes or disorders remitted over time. Known as the anxiety, stress, and fear center of the brain, an overactive amygdala can create a whole spectrum of problems, including the initiation of our “fight or flight” response. The Tamil conflict like terrorism operates via militia groups purportedly driven by religious ideologies. Patients might misinterpret their own body cues because they are motivated to report that the treatment worked. I would find it far more surprising to discover that the placebo mechanism was actually exactly the same for both cases.
If MBCT is a placebo it's probably a placebo only insofar as any treatment can be a placebo, such as through repeatedly interacting with a provider as Disgruntled PhD pointed out.
The brain region best known for memory loss and disorientation, the hippocampus, was remarkably more underdeveloped for the depressed participants when compared to normal people.
Freedom from depression is a natural byproduct of this higher level mindset — your life will take a whole new course. But in the 1980's when psychiatry became wedded to Big Pharma and Prozac, all of a sudden this changed!
In fact, the longer the time since their depression diagnosis, the more atrophied their hippocampus.
Criteria for mood episodes were changed by committee votes by people with conflicts of interest and lo and behold depression or bipolar episodes NEVER remit without the constant aid of medication or therapy.

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