Yoga is het geheel van mentale, fysieke en spirituele praktijken die hun oorsprong hebben in het Oude India en de vereniging met God als doel hebben. Yoga ontstond in het Oude India en is een van de langst overlevende filosofische systemen in de wereld. Een van de vroegste verwijzing naar meditatie is te vinden in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, terwijl ademhalingstechnieken worden beschreven in de Brahmanas. De term “yoga” zelf verschijnt voor het eerst in de Hindu tekst Katha Upanishad omstreeks 400 v. Omstreeks de 2de eeuw voor Chr  verschenen de Yogasoetra’s van Patanjali die gelden als het klassieke standaardwerk over yoga.
Een ander klassiek werk is de Hatha Yoga Pradipika, hetgeen gezien wordt als de oudst bewaard gebleven tekst over hatha yoga en geschreven werd in de 15e eeuw na Chr.
Op het einde van de 19de eeuw is yoga voor het eerst naar het Westen gebracht toen Swami Vivekanande, een Indische leraar en yogi, een lezing presenteerde betreffende meditatie in Chicago, USA.
Sindsdien is er wijde waaier van yogascholen ontstaan waarvan de meeste geinspireerd zijn door Hatha yoga. About MeAt the end of the day, what better way to document life than by capturing the things you are grateful for. The current issue of a leading yoga magazine contains step-by-step instructions on how to throw up your food after eating, claiming it’s an ancient yogic technique. People come to yoga for many reasons – to stretch the hamstrings, to build a mind-body connection, to increase self-awareness. The reply, in the May issue, essentially, provided what I see as a manual for bulimia nervosa. Has Yoga Magazine, in one fell swoop, validated bulimia, enabling suffers of the eating disorder to rationalize their self-harming in vaguely yogic terms? Yoga Magazine did not explain their decision to run the story despite my five requests  to do so.
And it comes at a time when the yoga world is struggling to even admit, let alone deal, with the fact that it can attract people with body dysmorphia, even at the same time as it serves as a therapeutic tool to very effectively help those with the mental health disorder that can lead to not just bulimia but anorexia. Yoga Magazine, with a circulation of 74,000 and known in the industry for its light approach to the historical and philosophical foundations of yoga, did not explain their decision to run the story despite my five requests by email and phone to do so. Vyaghra kriya is an internal cleansing technique that was first described in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, a 15th Century classical yoga text that is required reading on any yoga teacher training course. The practice, meant to purify the body and bring about its smooth functioning, would have been kept secret to protect against potentially dangerous side effects if taught improperly and not according to individual need.
Why does it even matter, you may ask, if a magazine publishes a piece on a centuries old yoga technique?  It’s not as if bulimics don’t already know the ins and outs of vomiting up their food. The yoga world is already battling an image problem – that of the thin, white woman living on nothing but kale juice, colonics and sweaty yoga classes.


Some of my yoga friends obsess about their food – it must be gluten-free, meat-free, sugar-free, carb-free, caffeine-free, everything-free. Yogis and eating-disordered individuals can share the same behavior patterns: The quest for perfection, the need to be in control, and the desire for respect and admiration.
For her yoga was a flytrap that she used purely for physical reasons in order to shape the body into the lithe form that’s become the yoga ideal as portrayed in yoga magazines, yoga Instagram accounts and DVDs. But let me be clear – I do not think yoga aggravates eating disorders, and the bulimics and anorexics I spoke to were at pains to make this point clear. Liz, a 38-year old former bulimic, says she came to yoga after she was in recovery but upon occasion still uses it as a weigh-loss tool instead of a spiritual discipline.
Genny Wilkinson-Priest is a yoga teacher and journalist who lives in London with her husband and four (yes four!) sons.
The materials on our site are presented for general information purposes only and are not intended to amount to advice on which reliance should be placed. Door het beheersen van de geest, het gevoel en het lichaam wordt de vereniging met God bereikt.
Hatha yoga is bekend om zijn nadruk op asana?s (lichaamshoudingen) en pranayama (ademhalingstechnieken).
De exacte ouderdom van yoga blijft een onderwerp van discussie, maar over het algemeen wordt aangenomen dat yoga tot 5000 jaar oud is. Deze geschriften bestaan uit een verzameling van 196 korte,  kernachtige zinnen, zo gemaakt om goed te kunnen kan onthouden.
Yoga begon langzaam maar zeker meer volgelingen te krijgen tot ze gedurende de jaren zestig van de vorige eeuw volledig floreerde door een bloeiende interesse in Oosterse filosofie. Nothing beats strolling through a nice, big, gourmet supermarket like this one =) They even have a whole wall for just ‘Fruit and Nuts’! Is that appropriate in our eating-disordered times or dangerously irresponsible, asks Healthista yoga columnist Genny Wilkinson-Priest? So I was surprised – no, make that shocked – to see a leading yoga magazine advise its readers to stick their fingers down their throat and vomit in order to burn fat and trim the waist. When really, Vyaghra kriya, as the 15th Century technique is known in Sanskrit, has absolutely no relevance in contemporary Western yoga practice.
Traditionally, techniques like Vyaghra – which in Sanskrit means Tiger, so named for the animal that regurgitates his food a couple hours after eating it – would  be taught by a teacher, directly to his student. Here’s why: Because now they’ll be able to rationalize their self-harming, thinking they have found in yoga a safe place that accepts, or worse, encourages it. Stereotypes abound, of course, but there’s a bit of truth to be found in these generalizations.
Don’t get me wrong, I’m all for healthy eating and ditching the preservatives but this obsessive-compulsive attitude toward food is common in yogis and, yep, you guessed it – anorexics and bulimics.


I’ve been practicing for 15 years, and you’d think I would know better by now, but I admit to brief moments when yoga actually makes me feel worse about myself rather than better. Eating disordered individuals to be sure are attracted to the practice because contemporary yoga has in some ways lost its spiritual dimension amid all the external focus is on the body beautiful.
Nochtans zijn deze slechts de eerste stappen van Hatha yoga terwijl Hatha yoga op zich bedoelt is om het lichaam en zijn energieen klaar te maken voor meditatie en Raja yoga.
Een van deze artefacten is de zogenaamde Pashupathi zegel, die een figuur afbeeld gezeten in meditatiehouding, omgeven door dieren en met een gehoornd hoofddeksel. In tegenstelling tot bovenvermelde yogascholen waarbij de asana?s voornamelijk statisch worden uitgevoerd, zijn er ook yogasoorten ontwikkeld waarbij de verschillende asana?s elkaar opvolgen in zogenaamde yogaseries, ook wel flow genoemd. Swami Swatmarama, a disciple of Swami Goraknath, wrote the text, drawing upon previous texts and his own experiences. Like the times I struggle to bind my hands behind my back in a posture called Pasasana, and I think if I lost just one inch from my waist I bet I could actually do this posture.
Yoga Magazine does us no favors here, but yoga when practiced correctly with an emphasis on the breath and the quest to discover the essence of the Self is in actual fact a tool for recovery as it promotes self-acceptance.
If you have health problems you should consult a doctor or other qualified health professional. De zegel is genoemd naar Pashupathi,  een vorm van de Hindu god Shiva en kan een van de oudste afbeeldingen zijn van Shiva.
Raja yoga bestaat uit acht niveau?s, zijnde vijf onthoudingen (geweldloosheid, waarheidslievendheid, niet stelen, kuisheid, vrij van hebzucht), vijf voorschriften (reinheid, tevredenheid, soberheid, zelfinspectie, devotie), asana?s, pranayama,  terugtrekking van de zintuigen, concentratie, meditatie en volledige integratie. Terwijl in Raja yoga asana?s enkel beschreven worden als meditatiehoudingen, krijgen zij een ruimere betekenis in Hatha yoga.
Enkele voorbeelden hiervan zijn Ashtanga vinyasa yoga,  poweryoga en in mindere mate Tri yoga. While the text describes asanas (postures), purifying practices (shatkarma), mudras (finger and hand positions), bandhas (locks), and pranayama (breath exercises), it also explains that the purpose of Hatha Yoga is the awakening of kundalini (subtle energy), advancement to Raja Yoga, and the experience of deep meditative absorption known as samadhi. Yoga Magazine has, in my opinion, reinforced these commonalities, and endorsed self-destructive attitudes. I get a bit disgusted with myself, but I’m pretty good at sweeping these harmful thoughts under the carpet until the next time they rear their ugly head. In het westen wordt yoga echter vooral gezien als bevorderlijk voor de lichamelijke en geestelijke gezondheid en wordt het vaak zonder religieuze bedoelingen beoefend.
Hier dienen zij om het lichaam en zijn energieen te reinigen en het alzo klaar te maken voor meditatie, voor Raja yoga.



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