After the show, we head to our old friend Tara’s house on the shore of Lake Sammamish. For additional information please check out the frequently asked questions section or call me for a free consultation. Perform clinical tasks, such as blood pressure, fetal heart checks, vaginal exams, and others.
I work with an incredible group of women in the community to provide referrals to alternate services when necessary.
Some benefit plans accommodate the costs associated with the use of doula within the extended benefits coverage. I am a proud member of DONA International, BC Doula Services Association, and La Leche League. I found Michelle to be supportive, calming, and very informative.A  I appreciated that there was no pressure for me to experience giving birth in any particular way - this had been one of my biggest concerns. When asked later about my thoughts on having a doula, the biggest thing that came to mind was the reassurance I felt from having her with us.A  IA would gladly recommend Michelle to others considering a doula! I had never heard much about Doula's, I knew of midwifes and I assumed they were one in the same. Michelle Dennill is an amazing, very knowledgeable, and caring doula, who will more than exceed your expectations! She gave me great resources from pre-natal yoga, baby slings, Lamaze contacts, videos and more!
My husband was very thankful to have Michelle with us as she would spell him off during the long nights. Michelle was wonderful during the birth of our second child -- warm, compassionate, professional and informative. June, 1959, I ran away from home, Columbus, Ohio, and traveled Route 40, the National Road, to San Francisco. I stayed at the Salvation Army in Indianapolis the first night, breakfest was chicken noodle soup, and stale donuts much to my delight as I knew I was going to run short on money during my odyssey. I kept my wallet inside my underwear band so that if someone tried to rob me, I would feel it, and stop them.
Most important to my odyssey was meeting a Jewish caddy who took me home with him, and his family put me up;otherwise, to this day, I have no idea where I wound have stayed that first night in San Francisco. Next, my new buddies and I were loaded onto a bus and delivered to Fort Ord for basic training. Arriving at 11 PM, we were greeted by clerks hollering at us to move along and pickup our military issue clothes. To a lesser degree I was a misfit: 17 years old, 1,500 miles away from home, family, friends, and girlfriends.
I sometimes wonder how many of the soldiers in my basic training company stayed in the military and were killed in Vietnam. Fort Ord was the basic training post for Alaskans who were kept in the same training company since language and culture would have been difficult to deal with if the groups were merged; however, I would have liked to have known them. I was selected to play on the Company football team having played three years in high school.
After advanced training, I was scheduled to go to Korea; however, my mother did not want me to go there. Before I left Ord for Bragg, I was assigned to the Human Research Project at the Presidio of Monterey, Monterey, California. Our unit at Fort Bragg, the 623d Quartermaster Company (Airborne), was put to the test to supply parachutes for the proposed jump into Cuba during the missile crisis. I learned to Cha Cha Cha at the enlisted men's club; the Cha Cha Cha is still the only dance I can do.
I took a thirty day leave, the maximum you could take at one time, in the spring of 1962, and came home to Columbus. I returned to Columbus and joined the 2d Special Forces Group (Airborne) stationed at Fort Hayes, Columbus, Ohio. He should be in the Ohio Military Hall of Fame, but no one carried the flame in subsequent years to get him admitted. In 1962, we made a night jump with the drop zone being the top of a hill on the farmera€™s field. Then, Tim Kelly and I went to jumpmaster school at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, over spring break 1963. School under the legendary paul Brown; before following his boss to Ohio State as an assistant in 1941. I again caught up with Major Priday at Clinton County Air Force Base where he flew C-119a€™s, supporting our Fort Hayes, Special Forces, Group, on our jumps.
Today, November 16, 2011, Route 40 no longer exists as I knew Route 40 in 1959 when I hitchiked to San Francisco.
And Then The Course Gets, Got, Gat Tough, Olympic, the golf course I caddied when I got to San Francisco in 1959.
SAN FRANCISCO a€” Just before 7 Tuesday morning, Tiger Woods pulled his driver from his bag and turned to face the first hole at the Olympic Club. Olympica€™s first six holes set a tone for the tournament that is unrelenting and inescapable. McIlroy set records of all manner, finishing 16 under par, shooting four rounds in the 60s, slaying Congressional and all but embarrassing the United States Golf Association. In the last Open at Olympic, in 1998, Payne Stewart hit a 6-foot putt on the viciously sloped 18th green, only to watch it roll 25 feet back down the hill.
That could present an interesting dynamic: Survive for 15 holes, score for three, and see what washes out. Even as Thompson strung together four birdies on the back nine at The Olympic Club that carried him to a 4-under-par 66, Woods put on a clinic on the other side of the course yesterday morning on how to handle the toughest test in golf. Beau Hossler used a practice round with his idol, Phil Mickelson, to build confidence this week in preparation for the U.S. Then, the 17-year-old in braces shot an even-par 70 in the first round at The Olympic Club and was six shots better than Mickelson, a four-time major champion. Hossler, the first high-school player since the early 1950s to qualify for consecutive U.S.
Oddly enough, he said Mickelsona€™s advice to him after a Tuesday practice round was a€?conservative lines and aggressive swingsa€? and a€?taking your medicinea€? with pars on the tight, twisting layout. Hossler, who recently took second at the state high-school championship as a junior, had 12 pars, three bogeys and three birdies. One golfer told his caddy, I shot a 73 today, one over par, If I can shoot par out for the tournament, I will win. Holding the open is a burden on the members: course closed for a long time before tournament for making rough rougher, making greens faster,, club disrupted during tournament, dining, and recreational facilities not available.
RFA might be Field Artillery reference of some sort but the 3 is the battalion and the D is the company. The soldier to the right of me is a Lebanese citizen, legal alien, so he was drafted which was fair. This chapter explains why you should read this book and how it can help you with any computer performance problem, now or in the future. Some have hundreds of pages of very difficult math that most people cana€™t do and most problems dona€™t require. There are so many different technologies in your transaction path; to read all the necessary books would take longer than the average corporate lifetime. Almost all manuals about a specific version of a technology were written under tremendous time pressure at about the same time the engineering was being completed; thus the engineers had little time to talk to the writers. What Ia€™m about to tell you will work for any collection of computers, running any software that has ever been built. Whether you are studying the slow response time of a computer, the root cause of a traffic jam, or why you are always in the slowest line, understanding those forces gives you a big insight into why this is happening.
Many parts of this book help you solve the diversity and complexity problems mentioned earlier by helping you quickly determine that large chunks of your computing infrastructure are not the problem. Once focused, a large fraction of everyonea€™s effort is spent working in the right place and on the right problem. If you can replace S with the number 2 and U with the number 0.5 and calculate that R is equal to (spoiler alert) 4, then you have all the math you need for a long career in performance. In the future, money will still be important, humans will still want to avoid risk, office politics will still matter, and there will be many ways that you can be right, but still fail because you did not pay attention to the people involved.
Having worked many performance problems from problem discovery, through solution presentation to senior management, and then on to problem resolution, Ia€™ve made a few mistakes and learned a few tricks. If you are impressed with work experience, then read on as Ia€™ve spent the last 25 years teaching performance fundamentals, capacity planning, modeling, and performance testing of websites. If you are a person who is only impressed with academic qualifications then I have few to offer you. Your business depends on a collection of computers, software, networking equipment, and specialized devices.
All companies have an internal language and shorthand terms they use when describing the subset of the entire computing universe that determines their customera€™s experience. In performance monitoring you need to know three things: the incoming workload, the resource consumption and what is normal. You need to know the incoming workload (what the users are asking your system to do) because all computers run just fine under no load. Expected problems are when the users are simply asking the application for more things per second than it can do.
Unexpected problems are when the incoming workload should be well within the capabilities of the application, but something is wrong and either the end-user performance is bad or some performance meter makes no sense. On any given day you, as the performance person, should be able to have a fairly good idea of how much work the users are asking the system to do and what the major performance meters are showing. With rare exception Ia€™ve found the lack of easily available workload information to be the single best predictor of how bad the situation is performance wise. The data you collect can also be used to predict the future with the other three tools in your bag: Capacity Planning, Load Testing, and Modeling. Capacity planning is the simple science of scaling the observed system so you can see if you have enough resources to handle the projected peak load, but it only works for resources you know about. Capacity planning is like a pre-party checklist where you check if there are enough: appetizers, drinks, glasses, places to sit, etc. Capacity planning starts by gathering key performance meters at a peak time on a reasonably busy day. Now scale (multiply) the observed meters by the bossa€™s answer to get the projected peak utilization. In my experience, the application is rarely reengineered unless the inefficiency is egregious and the fix is easy and obvious. Capacity planning can be that simple, but there are a few more things you need to consider. Even though you base your projections on one peak day, you should look at the data over a period of a few days to a few weeks. Capacity planning can show you how busy key resources are at peak load, but it cana€™t tell you about response time changes as the load increases.
Load testing is the art of creating artificially generated work that mimics the real work generated by the real users. Load tests depend on good performance monitoring to keep an eye on critical system resources as the load builds. For a load test to be really useful it must test the entire part of the transaction path that you care about.
Load testing can also help you find where subsystems break, and isolate the effect of one transaction type. Load testing can tell you many interesting things, but it can only give you data on the computing infrastructure you have now. If you need to predict a future that is different from your present, then you need to model.
When your boss asks you to predict future performance of some application, first see if you can do a simple capacity plan. This model of Hurricane Irene is accurate enough for anyone with a house on the Gulf of Mexico and it looks hopeful for Floridaa€™s Atlantic coast as well. In a computer context, imagine your model shows that at peak load this servera€™s CPU is 20% busy.
Unfortunately, the above model of Hurricane Irene, at that moment, could not see far enough into the future to predict the devastating flooding Irene would cause in my home state of Vermont.
If you respect these limits, modeling is doable, useful and has its place when you are asking questions about the future. This chapter shows you how to gain confidence you will make it smoothly though a projected future peak load by scaling up your current observed load.
This chapter gives you practical advice on how to load test an existing application to see if can really handle the upcoming peak. This chapter dispels the myth of modeling complexity and shows how modeling performance can save you a lot of time and money. This chapter teaches you how to present your results so that they are understood and are believable.
This book is concise, useful, and occasionally funny.A  It gives you the tools needed to explore, and discover the hidden truths about your computing world. Unfortunately, the above model of Hurricane Irene, at that moment, could not see far enough into the future to predict the devastating flooding Irene would cause in my home state of Vermont.A  All models have limits. In this segment, we will try to provide the information we have found for each of these children. A search of the 1901 and 1911 Irish Census records did not produce any members of this Tinman family. Also, in the 1860 record of the Battlehill Methodist Church there was a Conway Tinman (Battlehill: A Local History, A Church History, by Valerie Ruddell and William Newell, Ruddell Press, Portadown, 2000 -- p. The only known child of Sarah Lindsay Tinman was her daughter, Sarah Tinman who married William Hinton and was the a€?niecea€? that Alexander met while on his mission, as referred to above.
It is clear that they had another daughter, born about 1908, after Alexander returned home from his mission, and she was therefore not mentioned in his journal. This is all that we have been able to find for Sarah Lindsaya€™s and her daughtera€™s families. This Bible is now in the possession of Wilson Glass, Grandnephew of Fannie Livingston Lindsay. With William being married in Jersey in 1859, he seems to have remained in the military for the next several years, and was probably still serving as a soldier at the time that his parents died--mother in 1865, and father in 1866.
Eventually William, Alice and Alex returned home where they took up farming on their old home site. In his role as a local farmer, and a leader in the Methodist Church at Battlehill, life continued until 20 Oct. In the 1901 Irish census, we find William and a€?Fannya€? Lindsay, both listed as aged 62 and Methodists living in Ballintaggart (Richhill, Armagh). In the 1911 Irish census we find the same William and Fanny (ages 73 & 72) still listed as Methodists and still in Ballintaggart (Aghory, Armagh). Between these two dates, William was visited at their old home by his brother Alexander who made many references in his journal to their discussions, including a variety of religious conversations. While the brothers loved each other, it seems apparent that Alexander took his LDS mission very seriously and wanted to convince William of the truthfulness of the restored gospel. William seems to have had two happy marriages, but was not blessed with children in either one.
She would have been about 25 years old when her father died in 1866, and so was old enough to be out on her own. There is a lot of missing information about her and her family, but the two census records give us a great deal of help in filling in some of the gaps. Shortly after their marriage they were posted to India, which was a part of the British Empire at that time and had a fairly large contingent of British soldiers stationed there. The family retuned from India about 1879, not long after Alexandera€™s departure for for New Zealand, and settled in County Armagh.
In the 1901 Irish census we find this family living at house 8 in Union Street in Portadown, Armagh where they were all listed as Methodists.
His journal contains a number of brief entries showing a warm conviviality and a joy to be reunited with his loved ones in his old home country. Shortly after this experience Alexander was transfered to England and was only able to communicate with his family by mail thereafter. In the 1911 Irish census we find this family living in house 14 Union Street, Portadown, Armagh. In addition to the above information, there is a note that Mary Ann had been married for only 9 years; had born 5 children, 3 of whom were still living. We do not know of Elizabeth or William ever marrying, and we do not know what became of little Sarah, but it is possible that she had a family of her own with descendants somewhere today. Our family records indicated that Mary Ann died about 1910, but it is apparent from the 1911 census that she was still alive at that time.
She was still a young woman at that time and one wonders what happened to end her life while just entering her prime.
The three death dates always match, and in each one he says she was 31 years old when she died. In the 1860 roll for the members of the Battlehill Methodist Church, Dorothy Lindsaya€™s name appears as a member of the group that was led by her father, John Lindsay. Dorothy grew up in the Lindsay home in Ballintaggart on the Loughgall Road with her other siblings.
Dorothya€™s marriage may have taken place while Alexander was away as a soldier in the British Army, but he married and returned to this area in time to know Dorothya€™s two little boys when they were very young.
Early on, the Holmes family moved to the townland of Clonroot, which is immediately adjacent to, on the west side of, Battlehill, which is adjacent to, and on the west side of, Ballintaggart, so they were very close to the rest of the family. Upon his return to Ireland as a missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1904-5, Alexander Lindsay visited with his brother William, and his sister, Mary Ann, to get caught up on all the changes that had occurred while he was away in New Zealand, and in Oregon, over the past 26 years.
While he was surely saddened to miss most of his siblings, he did get a chance to rekindle some relationships with the next generation, including his nephew, William Holmes.
Shortly after this last visit with William Holmes, Alexander was transferred to England for the remainder of his mission. In the 1911 Irish census we find William still living alone in the 19th house enumerated in Clonroot, Kilmore Parish, Co. Although William Holmes was still single in the 1911 census, he did eventually marry on 3 March 1920, in Ahorey, Co., Armagh, Ireland to Margaret Edgar, the daughter of Thomas Edgar.
As has been mentioned several times already, Alex was the youngest of eight children born to John Lindsay and Mary Donaghy. After returning to Ireland, and probably with the discharge of William from the Army, Alexander then enlisted for his own tour. So, in the fall of 1878, with their baby just a few weeks old, Alex and Mary set sail on an old sailing vessel, which went south around the Cape of Good Hope in Africa, and then eastward to New Zealand.
They Lindsays homesteaded land in their new country and from time to time traded up for larger tracts until they eventually bought 640 acres of land near Towai, Bay of Islands, on the North Island. In 1897 missionaries from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints came to this area and eventually the Lindsays were taught the gospel and were baptized into this church. After returning home to LaGrande, Alex and Mary had a wonderful life together watching their children grow up, marry and raise children of their own. From the eight children (four daughters and four sons) of John Lindsay and Mary Donaghy, they had about nineteen known grandchildren.
In this segment, we will try to provide the information we have found for each of these children.A  Much of this information comes from Alexander Lindsaya€™s Journal which he kept when he returned to the place of his birth on a two years mission (1904-1906) for the LDS Church and will be referred to as a€?ALJa€? {The Alexander Lindsay Journals 1903-1906, transcribed by Larry E. Sarah Lindsay--born 1837, was the oldest child of this family.A  She married Edward Tinman (date unknown but probably between 1860-64) {ALJ p. In the 1901 Irish census, we find William and a€?Fannya€? Lindsay, both listed as aged 62 and Methodists living in Ballintaggart (Richhill, Armagh).A A  In this census she said she too was born in Co. William seems to have had two happy marriages, but was not blessed with children in either one.A  He passed away on 30 Dec. Mary Ann Lindsay--was born in 1841 (no actual date specified).A  At age 19 her name was listed as one of the members of the Battlehill Methodist Church, of which her father, John Lindsay, was then the Group Leader [Battlehill Church History p. In the 1901 Irish census we find this family living at house 8 in Union Street in Portadown, Armagh where they were all listed as Methodists.A  Mary Ann was listed as being a widowed house keeper, aged 60 and the three children between ages 18-22 with the two girls as a€?Drawer in Factorya€? and the son was a weaver. I’m glad to have had the chance to shake off the bad experience of the last visit and actually do some exploring. If you're a musician, house concert host, or music industry professional we'd love to have you contribute to this site. I will discuss your concerns with you and suggest options, but you or your partner will speak on your behalf to the clinical staff. I will work with you to define your birth expectations and provide resources to support you. I provide birth preparation, labour support, childbirth education and breastfeeding counseling. Since I was moving to BC only two months before my due date, I decided to hire a doula in the area while still in my hometown of Calgary.
I really feel that having a doula is such a great resource to have throughout your pregnancy, during the labour process, as well as after! Michelle fully explained my rights as a patient in the hospital, what my husband and I could expect during the labour and delivery process, pain relief options, etc.. She is a calm, strong, gentle soul who always knew the right things to say to me to calm my spirits and give me the empowerment I needed to continue.
We sought out a doula because it was really important to me to try to deliver our son naturally.
I was somewhat nervous goingA into the birth (as most women probably are), and having Michelle at my side really helped me calm my fears.A IA have recommended her to others since and would not hesitate to do so again. While being held under house arrest there, Paul received a visitor named Onesimus, whose name meant profitable or advantage. I had been given ten dollars for graduation from my granddad; ten dollars would be equal to seventy dollars today, 2010 dollars. I then lucked out with a ride with two teachers going to southern california to study for their masters.
I hired my sixteen year old neighbor to cut my grass, but he wore flip flops, so I gave him an additional twenty dollars for shoes, his mother went ballistic and I have not seen him or his brother again. The Army tried to make a soldier of him, but it was like trying to pound a square peg into a round hole.


It was quite a sight seeing a company of these short squat soldiers running around the area all dressed alike in their fatigues. I became friends with Robert Dallas, a resident alien, born in Scotland, immigrated to Australia, worked the South Pacific on tramp steamers, and immigrated a second time, to Los Angeles where he was drafted.
The coach had started for Southern California, and was assigned to the Company, not the training platoons. I always thought this was strange that a ranger qualified officer would be in a quartermaster company. The elderly thin as a rail instructor dutifully brought her record player and records to the club and a few of us showed and learned. Bob Ruda was a civilian assigned as a recruiter at Fort Hayes; also, a sergeant in the unit.
We put out ham cans full of gasoline; the cans were lit and the C-119 pilots and pathfinders delivered us to the designated drop zone. What a strange experience: from college finals, to learning how to conduct a parachute jump.
I would have liked to get to know them, if they had been integrated into all the companies. Open annually bills itself as golfa€™s toughest test, and this year a€” particularly with the memory of soft and squishy Congressional Country Club in Bethesda, Md., rolling over for champion Rory McIlroy last year a€” it almost certainly will be. Open in recent memory came in 2007 at Oakmont, Pa., where Angel Cabreraa€™s winning score was 5 over par. Olympica€™s quirks a€” from that torturous opening stretch to a finish that could be relatively benign a€” will dictate how this plays out. Opens, wasna€™t surprised in the least by his own performance in front of dozens of family members and friends who made the trip from southern California. Story dedicated to Bill Riley, instructor Penn State, 2014, my insturctor, Ohio State, 2012, creative nonfiction.
Everything (hardware, operating systems, networking, applications, users, corporate goals, org charts, priorities, and budgets) changes over time and with change comes new performance challenges.
It will continue to be useful 100 years from now when todaya€™s technology, if it runs at all, will look as quaint as a mechanical cuckoo clock. They help you make sense out of the performance meters you do understand and help keep you from making big mistakes. It shows you how to use the scientific method to decipher what they mean and how to find patterns in the raw data. This rapidly focuses your companya€™s full and undivided attention on the small part of your computing world (System Z) that is causing the performance problem.
Now, the right experts can be consulted and business decisions can be made to fix or work around the problem.
I spent about 15 of those years also doing performance work on live systems and critical applications for customers around the world.
Ia€™ve had plenty of practice in my standup teaching as well as when working with customers. Back in the 70a€™s he wrote this wonderful little book about repairing literally any bicycle. It usually includes dealing with immediate performance problems or collecting data that will be used by the other three tools to plan for future peak loads. Without these three things you can only solve the most obvious performance problems and have to rely on tools outside the scientific realm (such as a Ouija Board, or a Magic 8 Ball) to predict the future. If you have a good sense of what is normal for your situation, then any abnormality will jump right out at you in the same way you notice subtle changes in a loved one that a stranger would miss.
Your meters should be running all the time (like bank security cameras) so that when weird things happen you have a multitude of clues to look at.
Assuming you know how many guests will show up and have a reasonable understanding of what they will consume, everything you checked should be fine. Almost any day will do, as long as the system load is high enough to clearly differentiate it from the idle system load. In most situations, people tend to value application stability more than the money they will spend to solve the problem with more hardware. This gives you a clear picture where the usual daily peaks are and if there are things going on at odd times that you have to factor into any changes you propose. Even if you had perfect metering, doing the math would be a staggering challenge and, even, then youa€™d be gambling the business on reams of calculations.
These resources take a little more work and creativity to capacity plan for, but this is completely doable.
It can be done in a few days, presented in a few slides and prepared with few additional costs or risks. The overall load starts off low and then increases in stages to the point where you achieved your goal or you fail because some resource has hit a limit and has become a bottleneck.
For any test you need to know how much work you are sending into the system, the throughput and response time for the completed work, and how the system resources are responding under that load. If your product is your website then you need to test from where your users are: all the way in and all the way back to where they live. If you only got half way to your goal before you hit a bottleneck, then every measured resource is going to be doing twice the work once you fix the current bottleneck. Imagine your workload is an even mix of Red and Blue transactions, but it is the Blue transactions that really exercise some key component of your computing world.
To use a metaphor, running a race tells you about your current aerobic capacity, not the capacity you will have after six more months of training.
To model, you are going to need the data you collected with performance monitoring and maybe some data from load tests. Everyday, in companies all over the world, regular people build simple models that answer important business questions. If circumstances change so much that you lack confidence in that prediction, then try modeling.
Either you can directly measure the performance of a live system under load, or you have to guess about a theoretical future situation. It doesna€™t take a genius to understand that your model could be off by a lot and the server would still have plenty of CPU power left. This chapter gives you the keys to understanding all computer performance problems and provides an important foundation for the next four chapters. With it, and some work on your part, youa€™ll be able to solve performance problems and to walk into the CIOa€™s office with confidence. There are utilization meters that tell you how busy a resource is, there are count meters that count interesting events (some good, some bad), and there are duration meters that tell you how long something took.
A useful answer is: accurate enough to answer your question with a reasonable margin of safety. 10, 1905 --This morn after dressing I went to meet my Niece [this would be Sarah Tinman Hinton, who was then living in Belfast, and was the daughter of Sarah Lindsay Tinman] at the 9 Oa€™c train and her two children, bringing them home to breakfast, and then went on to M.
9, 1905 -- Accompanied by Elder Scott I paid my promised visit to my new found Niece [Sarah Tinman Hinton].
14 May 1905 -- This morning my companion and I went out as far as Clonroot to pay our promised visit to Willie Holmes. 11 June 1905 -- Another Saboth [sic] day, going out as far as Clonroot, and I may say we all spent a very enjoyable time. Keelya€? and had this girl--born about 1906.A  Remember too that Alexander referred to his niece as Mrs.
Luckily, thanks to Ingrid and Dante and the lovely coterie of folks at the show, I manage to eventually relax. Having time out of the van – and getting to explore, do laundry, catch up on e-mail, call family, etc.
We’ve passed from Philadelphia to Kentucky, across the west, and all the way up the West Coast.
I use nautical metaphors all the time!”) and Rose learns to stand up paddleboard, and takes to it immediately. Initially this was a difficult process as I could not meet any of the doulas I started correspondence with in person, but when I first got into contact with Michelle IA immediately got a good vibe from her. One day during a prenatal class my mind was changed dramatically and my husband and I decided to hire a Doula.A Heading into my first pre-baby meeting I was very fearful about delivery, I wasn't interested in breastfeeding, IA wanted an epidural. Essentially, I felt that I did not need to attend a birthing class, as Michelle was a wealth of information! Michelle stayed after the birth of my son, and ensured that my son was breast feeding properly and all was well, before she left.
During labour there was a time I turned to her almost in tears saying, "I can't do this! He was thankful to have her knowledge and expertise to help us make good decisions during our stay at the hospital. From the first time I met Michelle I knew that her calm energy was just what IA wanted in the delivery room with us. Mom came on bus, and I was released to her; we had a great trip, bonding together, on our way home. Louis, Missouri, and encountered in a filling station bathroom the largest water bugs (roaches) I have ever seen. I first read of paying forward in my readings from the New York Times where I read a review of a book by a Jewish writer. The queers tried to get into my room, but I would keep the chain on when I opened the door.
He went down a line of forty men in a New York minute telling us to turn our heads, and assume the position, bend over, and cough as he examined us for hernias.
If you seek the benefits of our country, you can defend the country was the governmenta€™s position. So, the army asked for a control group to go inside the isolation room in the locked pitch-black soundproof room with a chemical toilet for three days.
So, I hitchiked to Dayton to Wright-Patterson AFB, and got a hop to San Antonio and visited my aunt Helen. He fought with the 2d Ranger Battalion, and the 3d Ranger Battalion; also, he is listed on the Vietnam Memorial.
Tim studied geology, and explained the geological rock cuts on the highway as we headed to Fort Campbell.
Then, he left to join the Air Force, only to return in 1945 as a quarterback for Ohio State. A check chaser took merchantsa€™ bad checks, filed charges, and attempted to get the money. There are always things to do, things to learn, things to prepare for, and experiments to run. These patterns can tell you useful things about whata€™s going on inside the giant black box that is your computing world. I had three majors (Wildlife Biology, Botany and Computer Science) but I have no degree as I left college when I ran out of money and got my first job in the computer industry. Mostly Ia€™ve learned from other performance wizards, programmers, system administrators and a few generally smart people Ia€™ve known. Clarity is essential when explaining to senior management that they need to spend large amounts of money. There are many other parts that you dona€™t control, cana€™t meter, and have no clue how they do their work. Expected problems are no fun, but they can be foreseen and, depending on the situation, your response might be to endure them, because money is tight or because the fix might introduce too much risk. This could be a simple case of them not caring about doing a good job, but my more charitable assessment is that he had no idea what a€?normala€? was, so everything the register told him had to be taken at face value. This can save your bacon because if you spot the unexpected utilization before the peak occurs, then you have time to find and fix the problem before the system comes under a peak load. You will want to search this data by time (What happened at 10:30?), so be sure to include timestamps. However, even if you miss something, you are still better off having planned for reasonable amounts of the key resources. Ia€™m very sure the CIO looking at all this complex math would feel very uneasy betting his or her job on these calculations. If you need more confidence in your plan, or you need to hold the response time down to a reasonable level, or if the future you are planning for includes significant changes to the transaction mix or vital systems, then you need to do either Load Testing or Modeling.
When that happens, throughput stops increasing, response times climb to an unacceptably painful place and things break. If you (and your boss) only have responsibility for a small subset of the entire transaction path then thata€™s all you really need to test. So take all the peak measurements and double them to get a good idea of what you are likely to run out of as you push the test to the goal load. Create a load test that sends in all Blue transactions and you can collect the data you need without the interference of the Red transactions.
Examples of big changes that preclude simple capacity planning might be things like, large application or middleware changes or a big change in the incoming workload. The closer to the utilization limit (or the projected storm track), the more precise you have to make your model.
As the commemorative plate infomercial says: a€?Collect them all!a€?A  Please dona€™t wait for perfection. 1920.A  His widow, Fannie, continued to reside in the old Lindsay home until her passing on 7 Aug.
207].A A  She may have known him in her earlier years and may have married when he was on leave from the Army, as we believe he was a soldier. Nugent, and her two daughters, Lizzie and Sarah.A  Sarah was already married by this date, and she was the a€?Mrs. 10, 1905 -- This morning found all the Elders ready for Con[ference].A  Roy went and met Sis. We spent the night with our friend Ingrid and her son Dante in their lovely house, on a lovely street.
We make sangria with some wine we were given in Las Vegas and a bunch of fruit we’ve been carrying around (more tourmet!).
The graduation will bring together hundreds of students, parents, professionals and leaders from the state of Ohio and national leaders in education.A Invited dignitaries include Ohio Governor John Kasich, Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman, Columbus Schools Superintendent Dr.
We emailed back and forth and spoke on the phone and just from that IA knew that she was the right match for me.
I was a bundle of nerves and fear with lots of ignorance onA how wonderful this process could be. Meeting with her before the birth of our son put us at ease and provided us with lots of good information and resources.
Michelle's continually advised my husband and myself, "this is our birth" and we make the decisions (unless there is a medical emergency) regarding how we would like our birth to be, which was great to hear and to be reminded of! Michelle took pictures of A my son, and family after the birth, which was very much appreciated!
Michelle was available to us for questions and preparation before our son was born (including checking our car seat to make sure it was correctly installed!!
I thought we had large waterbugs when we lived on Hubbard in flytown in Columbus, Ohio, but the St.
I was seventeen and being pushed around by this foreign noncitizen draftee so I have said where he is from. Then, the regular army NCOa€™s (noncommissioned officers) took over and proceeded to holler and badger us as we were prodded and tested.
Well, I volunteered for the control group which didn't go into the absolute solitude buried in the dark. We were working ten hours a day, and half a day on Saturday since the 82nd Airborne Division did not have enough parachutes to make the jump.
He was selling travel to training schools, and friendship with other veterans attending Ohio State University. Bill was a professional student at Ohio State University in anthropology working on his Ph.D. The 9th supported the invasion rather than daylight bombing as the 8th did with their B-17's. At the bottom, out of sight, sat the green, some 520 yards away, a wicked and punishing par 4.
Rarely does a fairway find a flat spot, with the entire course cascading down a steep pitch toward Lake Merced.
I would arrive knowing almost nothing about their business and their problems and leave having given them a clear path to follow. An engaging style is essential when teaching multi-day classes, especially just after lunch. Furthermore, there are limits placed on you due to politics, time, budget, legal restrictions, and the tools you have available.
Modeling is the only way to project the performance of an application in the design stage where there is no performance data to scale.
Start somewhere, collect something and, as you explore and discover, add this to your collection.
Nugentsa€™s [Mary Ann Lindsay Nugent--another sister of Alexandar Lindsay who was then living in Portadown], talked some time and then proceeded out as far as Wma€™s [Alexa€™s older brother, William Lindsay] calling in on the way to see Mr.
Little Eddie Hinton [age about 10] just alls in on me just now.A  Hea€™s on a visit to his Aunt Mrs. When we woke up the next morning, we dscovered that our van windows had been broken and we'd been robbed.
After the show, Mark and I sample some of the wares from a dispensary right around the corner, and find ourselves giggling hysterically late into the night, staring at the full moon. Gene Harris; Westerville Schools Superintendent Dan Good, Southwestern Schools Superintendent Bill Wise, Governors Director of Minority Affairs Lynn Stevens, representatives from the Ohio State University, Ohio University, Columbus State, Denison University, Capital University, Franklin University, Ohio Department of Education, and other county, state and state officials.
Michelle began to work with me on these fears, she shared her wisdom and experiences with me in a way that was non threatening and very caring.
Having her there during labour gave me confidence and helped me to make informed decisions. When Onesimus ran away, he probably took with him money and goods which belonged to his master Philemon.
I use the term African-American when referring to Israel Garth to recognize his service; Israel is the only African-American in the picture.
He, also, was in the Army in 1955, and was transferred 750 miles away, so away he went with one car, one wife, and two babies, and his possessions on a 24 hour nonstop hour cross country. I stayed in the barracks, periodically taking tests to compare my reactions to the control group.
Well respected, and one day when I was at Myrtle Beach, I saw him on the pier, alone, looking sad, and lonely. Sergeant Zollie Stifel, was a small in stature, but big in heart platoon sergeant in our rigger company. The planes were recalled, but one plane turned the wrong way, and collided with a plane holding nine members of my unit.
Billa€™s claim to fame was that he was in the occupation army in Paris in 1947, and had an affair with Picassoa€™s wife. And when the breeze picks up off the Pacific, just across the road from the clubhouse, watch out. I like people and if I couldna€™t make my classes useful, interesting, and relevant, then I would have stopped teaching a long time ago. As the commemorative plate infomercial says: a€?Collect them all!a€? Please dona€™t wait for perfection.
We lost a bunch of gear and belongings - all my pedalboards, cables, my laptop, Rose's bag of vintage clothes, and about sixty vinyl records and T-shirts.
When we woke up the next morning, we discovered that our van windows had been broken and we’d been robbed. Somali community leaders and educators including the first African man to receive a PhD from Princeton University and former Ministers will be honored at the event.A In addition to financial scholarships by the Law Office of Russell Flickinger, Presidential Service Awards will be conferred on members of the Somali-American community in recognition of their contributions to the community.
She listened to all my concerns and questions and I felt sincerity and care as she responded.
She was there to field at least a dozen phone calls when IA first went into labour and just needed some reassurance that what I was experiencing was normal. If you fell while running, the guys in the formation ran on you; usually the fallee was an out of shape NCO trying to get his wings for the $55 a month jump pay.
You needed a heartless person to say pay or stay; that is, I will dismiss if you can pay the check, but if not, I will ask the judge to put you in jail. I replaced a lawyer, John Gall, who was finishing his eight year National Guard obligation. African-American in front row was the drummer: Israel Garth from Arkansas who had worked a mule and chopped cotton.
Tinman [Thomas Tinman--brother of Edward] and his daughter made me feel at home and asked me to call every time I could. Hinton asking me to bring Eddy with me to Belfast tomorrow, so I got supper and went out into the country to tell the folks, and they treated me fine and asked me to call as often as I passed. Tinman [Thomas Tinman--brother of Edward] and his daughter made me feel at home and asked me to call every time I could.A  {ALJ p.
Elder Lindsay of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints and I may say that we had a spiritual feast.A  The Lord has greatly blessed me in all ways for which I am truly grateful. After many months of reading birth books, searching the net and watching birth shows, I knew that the passion for birth was not subsiding. My labor was long and hard but with Michelle by my side it was epidural free and a wonderful experience. Colonel Glaze made it through the Second World War, only to die on a training mission in Ohio one day before his forty-fifth birthday.
And the closing hole, a 344-yard par 4 with a fairway not much wider than a crack in the sidewalk, will leave almost everyone in the field taking an iron off the tee, then a pitching wedge to get to a tiny, elevated green. It’s a particular type of confidence that comes from show after show, night after night.
I turned to Douglas College for information and found a doula support course which I completed in 2006. On the day of my sons birth, things did not as I was hoping but because of the prenatal visits and chats with Michelle, I felt prepared to take on the task ahead of me. She was a tremendous help and comfort to both me and my husband who really appreciated having a second person there.


1877, after living with her husband for 18 years, two months, and sixteen days, aged 36 yrs.
It wasna€™t long before I also completed the comprehensive breastfeeding course for health care providers at Douglas College. Even with my mom &A husband in the room the only person I wanted close by was Michelle. I'm happy to say that because of Michelle's help and that of the great nurses and doctors at Abbotsford Regional Hospital our son was delivered entirely naturally and was healthy and perfect. I am dedicated to ongoing professional development and attend several workshops and conferences each year. In the early days at home after giving birth when the lack of sleep for myself and husband was wearing down heavily on us, her positive encouragement helped me feel more confident in my parenting skills and get through the tough times. Michelle continued to support us in those difficult first weeks, making home visits and helping with breast feeding which IA struggled with. I was selected to mop the floors as I was one of the few able bodied residents of this flop house able to mop floors; however, I had to be taught as I had never used a mop bucket equipped with a wringer. We make sangria with some wine we were given in Las Vegas and a bunch of fruit we'd been carrying around (more tourmet!).
She also helped us overcome a few other obstaclesA like helping my son with his latch when nursing, and encouraging me to see a doctor when she correctly suspected I had thrush. Michelle was also a support through breastfeeding after baby was born and even until this day 4 months later. Because of her my first time giving birth was a wonderful experience and would definitely recommend her to anyone I know! MIchelle came to my home a couple times post baby for nursing support and continued discussions and questions through email months later. I definitely intend to call on her again in the future when we have a little brother or sister for our son! We then bid them good bye coming on with their invitation ringing in our ears to be sure and come again which we promised to do if possible.
There is a movement towards normal birth and I am hopeful that every mother will embrace it. She got me through late night feeding issues, a case of thrush and even some teary eyed frustration. On the other hand, these twenty-five year old out of shape men had trouble with the physical training. I can't thank her enough for this, she is the only reason I continued to nurse through the hard times! For example, the dreaded double time runs under Route 101 to the rifle ranges on the Pacific Ocean were hell on these draftees; also, we wore boots, not tennis shoes. 1848 date for her birth, which means that she would have been just past her 33 birthday at the time of her death on 14 Feb. Yamamoto, Ambassador Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs Donald Yamamoto's prior assignments included serving as the U.5.
Paul, however, honored the social tie that bound a slave to his master and respected the duty Onesimus owed to Philemon, his master.
On the other hand, the volunteers, known as regular army, were to a large part recent high school graduates, and still in shape.
Hewitt and family good bye, we started on our return to Portadown Accompanied part of the way by Mr. She walks along side of you and becomes part of your family for just a short time but the memories, impact, and experience will last a lifetime! Guided by the tenth commandment, which forbids coveting another man's worker, and by the law of love, Paul decided Onesimus should return to Philemon. I'm glad to have had the chance to shake off the bad experience of the last visit and actually do some exploring. He also served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of African Affairs from 2003 to 2006, where he was responsible for coordinating U. Paul was about to send Tychicus, a co-worker, to Colosse with a letter Paul had written to the church there. Willie Holmes my Sister Dolliea€™s Son, arriving here about 11 Oa€™c pretty tired but highly elated at the successful termination of my first meeting with the people of Conroot.
Tychicus' traveling to Colosse offered Paul the opportunity to send Onesimus with Tychicus to Philemon.
Onesimus went willingly as a penitent Christian to seek his master's forgiveness and to return to his service in Philemon's household.
Having time out of the van - and getting to explore, do laundry, catch up on e-mail, call family, etc. Ambassador to the Republic of Djibouti from 2000 to 2003 and was the Deputy Director for East African Affairs from 1998 to 2000.Ambassador Yamamoto entered the Foreign Service in 1980.
Rather, Paul commended Philemon for the loving compassion he showed to his fellow Christians and then interceded in Onesimus' behalf.
He attended the National War College in 1996 for senior training and received a Congressional Fellowship in 1991.Ambassador Yamamoto is a graduate of Columbia College and did graduate studies at Columbia University, receiving a Master's degree in International Affairs.
Slaves, such as Onesimus, who were brought back to their masters were often treated most harshly and under Roman law could be killed. Paul noted that Philemon was having Onesimus come back to him as more than a slave but as a brother in Christ and fellow believer. Since it was quite possible that Onesimus had wronged Philemon and was indebted to Philemon for what he had stolen, Paul even offered to have Philemon charge the debt to him so that Paul might repay him. We've passed from Philadelphia to Kentucky, across the west, and all the way up the West Coast. In offering to repay Philemon for Onesimus' indebtedness, Paul reminded Philemon that he owed him his very life, for it appears that in some way as a result of Paul's gospel ministry Philemon had become a believer in Christ the Savior.
In the course of his letter Paul hinted that he would very much like to have Onesimus back with him in Rome. If you pass the turn-off ramp, you will enter onto the freeway and will have to get off at the next exit and backtrack. It's a particular type of confidence that comes from show after show, night after night. After the show, we head to our old friend Tara's house on the shore of Lake Samammish. I use nautical metaphors all the time!") and Rose learns to stand up paddleboard, and takes to it immediately. Somalia needs to be united or the ongoing problems will simply be exacerbated, said Abdinur Mohamud, a consultant for the Ohio Department of Education.There has to be a solution that brings all those territories together so regions and communities can function at the local level, said Mohamud, a member of the organizing committee.
Global Leadership Coalition.Somalia has been in a state of violence and conflict for over two decades now, Jibril Mohamed, president and chief executive officer of the Northland-based Somali Community Access Network, said last week. An automobile may be filled with enough fuel to drive a long distance, but it wona€™tA go anywhere until someone puts the key into the ignition and then turns the key. Many attempts were made to bring together the sides that were fighting for power in Somalia. State Department, was invited to be one of the speakers but will not be able to attend, according to Mohamed.
Even though Goda€™s Word says I have a sound mind, I continually feelA like I dona€™t have control of my thought life. And in spite of the fact the Bible says God has blessedA me with gifts and talents, I feel like a dope who has nothing to offer to this world. But for that potential in you to be released, you have to hold the right key in yourA hand.A Furthermore, it isna€™t enough for you to just possess the key. You have to put that key into theA a€?ignitiona€? and turn it so the latent potential that resides inside you will be ignited.
This is a person so sure of his information that when he speaks, he does so with confidence and boldness. But as we do with any policy we look at the situation on the ground and make determinations on when and whether we need to make adjustments to that policy. It is going to be a painstaking process to move things forward in a positive direction.Malac was invited to give the keynote address last night at the conference, which will conclude today. Somalis many thousands of whom live in Columbus have an important role to play in determining policy.We understand that having a connection to them is something we need to do to ensure that we have that flow of ideas or an understanding what the impact of what our policies might be, she said, adding that violence is a major concern among Somalis. They take every opportunity to try to get that message to us to put pressure on us to keep doing something.Mohamed said he was one of two Somalis invited to attend a 2010 forum at the White House, where the president unveiled his administrations strategy in Somalia. Scripps School of Journalism Statehouse News Bureau.A ****************************************************************************************************************************************************Ohio conference discusses Somalia future, problemsJan. You should study, read, listen to teaching material a€” inA other words, you should use every available resource to discover what Goda€™s Word says youa€™ve beenA given in Jesus Christ.
The moment you open your mouth and start confessing the good things that are in you by Jesus Christ, a supernatural connection is made between your faith and allA that Jesus has deposited inside you. At that moment, the gifts and treasures God has placed insideA you become supernaturally activated.
Instead of speaking what God says about them, they ridicule themselves, put themselves down, and speak badly of themselves.
By acknowledging the basic truths of what you have been given in Jesus, you will release so much divine energy that it will radically transform your life. Issues discussed include the national roadmap, piracy, humanitarian crisis, frontline state military interventions, Diaspora remittance challenges and community development issues. When I hear my own words, even I can tell ita€™s wrong for me to speak so lowly about myself.
Engagement in Somalia: DualTrack Policy Aims and Implications * Debunking the Roadmap: A Tool for Statehood or Death-knell for Disintegration? Forgive me for speaking so wrongly and for allowing myself to remain imprisoned in self-defeat. I am truly repentant for theseactions, and I ask You to forgive me and to give me the power to change my behavior. I agree with all that Goda€™s Word declares me to be, and I speak these truths about myself. Every dayA Iam getting more positive and more faith-filled, and my mouth is speaking what God says about me.
Do you speak well of yourself, or do you find that you constantly criticize yourself and continually point out all your flaws? His remarks will provide an overview of Americas role in supporting humanitarian, development, and security assistance in Somalia.
If you were to ask your friends what they hear you saying about yourself, would they say you speak positively or negatively?A 2. What changes do you need to make in your life in order to change your confessions about yourself?
Ambassador James Swan has served as the United States Special Representative for Somalia since August 2011. He has served with the State Department since 1988 in Djibouti, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Haiti, and Nicaragua, as well as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (2006-2008). Somalis in America are not only active contributors to their newly adopted communities, but also continue to follow, and more importantly, influence developments in Somalia. So it was a priority for me to engage in a dialogue and learn from the Somalia diaspora in the first few months of my new assignment as the U.S. They see heart-breaking news coverage of malnourished Somali children, read about bright young college students murdered by suicide bombers, or hear reports of wide-scale corruption and say that Somalia cannot be helped. The problems Somalia faces today, the critics say, are the same problems it has faced for twenty years. Interests in Somalia The answer is simple: Americas national interests require robust engagement with Somalia. As a compassionate society, the United States has an interest in addressing the acute humanitarian needs of our fellow human beings in Somalia. As part of our global commitment to advancing democratic values and improved governance, we have an interest in promoting political reforms that allow Somalis to be represented by leaders who will govern for the benefit of the people and the development of the country. The combination of instability and poor governance threatens not only the Somali people, but the security of our regional partners in the Horn of Africa and beyond. These factors have led to the most serious piracy problem in the world on key international trade routes. They have also created a dangerous terrorist organization al Shabaab that wantonly attacks innocent civilians and African peacekeepers, has conducted terrorist attacks against Somalias neighbors, and has actively recruited American citizens.A For all these reasons humanitarian, democracy and governance, and cold-eyed security concerns America is committed to helping Somalia regain stability and security. Guided by the tenth commandment, which forbids coveting another man's worker, and by the law of love, Paul decided Onesimus should return to Philemon.
While Somalia faces enormous challenges, it also has, to quote President Obama, enormous support from the people of the United States.A A Vision for Success in Somalia We are committed to working with Somalis and the international community to help develop indigenous, long term solutions to the countrys ongoing problems. America, as President Obama also said, wants Somalia to succeed.A Success means that Somalis facing drought and famine are helped to survive the current crisis and are given the long-term tools to better withstand future droughts. Success means that Somalia is free from totalitarian terrorist groups like al Shabaab, which is responsible for many lost and shattered lives not only in Somalia, but in Kenya and Uganda, through its terror attacks and through its policy of banning humanitarian assistance. Tychicus' traveling to Colosse offered Paul the opportunity to send Onesimus with Tychicus to Philemon. Success means that Somalis can turn to their government for the basic services that we take for granted in America. It means that humanitarian and development assistance goes where it is needed and not into the pockets of corrupt officials or the armories of warlords and terrorists. And success means that the Somali people get to decide what form of government and constitution they will have. Poll after poll shows that the Somali people want self-determination, even if they are unclear exactly how that democracy should look. Rather, Paul commended Philemon for the loving compassion he showed to his fellow Christians and then interceded in Onesimus' behalf.
Our role is to support the Somali people as they arrive at these decisions.A The Current Humanitarian CrisisLet me turn first to the current humanitarian crisis, which has been so much in the headlines in recent months.
Nutritional data released by the Food and Agriculture Organization in early September spoke of 4 million people in need of assistance in Somalia alone, with more than three times that number at risk elsewhere in the region.A To address the immediate crisis, the United States has provided over $750 million to meet ongoing and urgent humanitarian needs in the region.
Our dollars and diplomatic leverage are also being used to provide protection and assistance for Somali refugees in Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti.A While America is the largest donor of humanitarian assistance to the Horn of Africa But, we are not alone.
European partners, Turkey, Gulf Cooperation Council countries, China, Japan, and many others have all responded to Somalias urgent need.
Together, we have met nearly 80 percent of the $1 billion UN Consolidated Appeal for Humanitarian Assistance for Somalia, the highest percentage reached of any appeal in the world today. In addition to aid from governments, there have been significant contributions from private citizens and NGOs from around the world.
In many respects, our core humanitarian challenge is not only to continue to mobilize the necessary resources, but also to ensure that all donors and implementing agencies are coordinating their response for maximum efficiency and effect.The areas worst affected by the famine are not coincidentally those where the extremist group al-Shabaab is most influential. Though assistance is beginning to reach these areas, coverage is uneven and continues to be impeded by al-Shabab in many places.
We call on al-Shabaab to remove urgently all remaining obstacles to aid delivery in areas where they are present. Although humanitarian access is far better in areas of Transitional Federal Government presence, we believe this could be further improved through efforts to establish more effective TFG aid-coordination systems and address the problem of small armed bands that control entry to some Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) sites. The TFG should make areas it controls a model of effective aid delivery.A There is also something that you can do. You may be surprised to know that more than 54% of Americans have no idea there is even a crisis in the Horn of Africa region. Today we are asking that 13.3 million people, the same number of people impacted by the crisis, take action to raise awareness for the Horn of Africa. Dual Track Policy after One YearBeyond the immediate crisis, our primary vehicle for advancing broader U.S.
Under Dual Track, our diplomatic engagement and development assistance for Somalia is steadily increasing. These funds support a vast array of programs, across the entire country, that address security, peace and reconciliation, conflict mitigation, good governance, justice, democracy, education, economic growth, private sector competitiveness, health, water sanitation, food security, nutrition, and protection for vulnerable peoples.A Track one of the Dual Track policy reaffirms Americas continuing support for making the Transitional Federal Institutions more effective, more inclusive, and better able to provide services to the Somali people. Track One is consistent with our support for the Transitional Charter and Djibouti Peace Process. Track one also reaffirms our continued support for the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeepers who defend those institutions.A The Second Track of Dual Track broadens our engagement with regional and local administrations, civil society groups, and communities across the country that share the same goal of defeating al-Shabaab and bringing peace and stability back to Somalia.
In reality, the Second Track announced last year codified efforts that were already underway to expand outreach to communities and organizations that were creating pockets of stability and improved governance. Key administrations and organizations we engage under Dual Track include Somaliland, Puntland, Galmuduug, Ahlu Sunna wal Jamaa, other local administrations, and civil society groups.A The past year has seen important progress on both tracks of Dual Track. On Track One, the Transitional Federal Government and AMISOM have succeeded in retaking ninety-eight percent of Mogadishu from al-Shabaab.
This is a significant accomplishment in the security arena and one that has led to increased humanitarian access in newly liberated parts of the city. Mogadishu has been the scene of the fiercest battles in the country as al Shabaab struggled to keep its grip on the city that remains the economic heart of the country and has historically been its political epicenter as well. While al Shabaab has lost territory and support over the past year, it remains a very dangerous organization within Somalia and our support to the Somali forces and the Ugandan and Burundian troops deployed alongside them in Mogadishu will continue.
The United States supports the Somali National forces with stipends, training, and equipment, and has also provided the lion's share of equipment and training for the AMISOM troop-contributing countries ever since their first deployment in 2007.A On the second track, we have increased outreach and support to key regional administrations and local governments across the country that are providing stability and services and countering al-Shabaab.
Somaliland, for example, emerged from a successful presidential transition last year, a process the United States supported with over $700,000 in assistance. Having clearly progressed on democratization, the Somaliland administration has also successfully attracted new investment. That is why the United States more than doubled its assistance to Somaliland under Dual Track, going from about $8 million in 2009 to more than $20 million in 2010. This funds programs focused on local government administration and planning, education, community development initiatives, and economic growth.A We plan to extend the same type of Track Two community development assistance programs to Puntland, Galmuduug, and accessible areas of Gedo Region in the coming months. Even in Mogadishu, our quick impact community-focused projects are channeled through the Benadir Administration in order to reinforce local ownership and keep the projects close to the people.A We know Dual Track also has its critics.
Some claim the policy has undercut the influence of the Transitional Federal Government, but this ignores our continued support to both the TFG and AMISOM.
There are those who claim Dual Track further Balkanizes Somalia, pointing to opportunists who quickly self-declared newly independent states states that often represent little more than a hastily-posted website in a foreign capital.A The Second Track is in no way an open-ended commitment to assist any regional entity. We are focused on looking for opportunities to help political structures that enjoy real legitimacy with their constituents and have a record of building pockets of stability within Somalia and responding to the people. We want to help Somalis living in such communities, even while Somalis as a whole decide what sort of relationship they want between their central and regional governments. When it comes to recognizing new African states, America follows the African Union lead -- and the African Union supports a single Somali state.A On both tracks, we will continue to provide training to local authorities and targeted Transitional Federal Institutions to promote credibility and confidence in the peace process. This includes funding activities to support constitutional and democratization processes across the country. It also includes training, often with the expertise of Somali diaspora like yourselves, to promote government transparency and responsiveness. A great recent example includes a member of the diaspora who returned to work with the TFG. He identified $1 million dollars in lost assets, funds which belonged to the defunct Somali national airlines that were sitting unused in banks, and restored these assets the national budget.A Road Map Let me turn now to the national political process.
If Somali political leaders want to garner credibility with the Somali, they must capitalize on the improving security environment to make significant progress in both the political and governance realm.A Many Somalis still express a deep skepticism about the Transitional Federal Institutions ability or willingness to govern in a representative, responsive and accountable manner. Much of their frustration comes from the perception that the Transition Federal process begun in 2004, which was supposed to provide the constitutional, electoral and parliamentary foundation for a new Somalia, has become hopelessly stalled.
In the eyes of many of their constituents, the political leadership in Mogadishu has become complacent with the status quo, and the benefits it affords those in power, rather than committed to progress that will help the average Somali.A On September 6, however, these Somali leaders created a unique opportunity to change that perception.
On that day, Somali leaders from the Transitional Federal Government, the regional administrations of Puntland and Galmuduug, and the Ahlu Sunna Wal Jamaa movement signed the Roadmap for Ending the Transition in Somalia.
The terrible suffering of the Somali people, particularly during the current famine, underscores that the signatories must make rapid progress toward representative and effective governance that can meet the basic needs of all Somalis. We will continue to support the efforts of those who strive to achieve its goals and bring stability back to Somalia. Equally, we will work with our regional and international partners to hold accountable those Somali officials who obstruct progress.A Final ThoughtsFor all the challenges Somalia continues to face, we have seen positive though still fragile results from the efforts that we and our Somali, African, and international partners have expended. This years humanitarian response has been massive, and now needs follow-through and improved coordination to ensure the necessary effect. In the security arena, momentum has shifted from al-Shabaab to the TFG and AMISOM -- although al-Shabaab still remains dangerously capable of asymmetric attacks.
Politically, the Roadmap offers a positive vision for the end of the transition and also the prospect of convergence between the national government and regional entities, but it needs strong direction by Somali political leaders and active regional and international engagement to keep it on track. He wants the United States to provide more humanitarian support to help stabilize the country. We need an American action immediately, said Issa, who is a village council member in Urbancrest. That includes $175 million to Somalia.A Swan said the transition period for the government must end if the many needs of the Somali people are to be properly addressed. Yesterday, I led a community roundtable in each city, home to the two largest Somali diaspora communities in the United States.
The UN has declared famine in two regions of southern Somalia where humanitarian access has been limited by Al Shabaab. USG is urgently supporting partnersto provide food, health, water and sanitation assistance wherever they can access communities desperate for help.I was also able to listen and learn from this dynamic community. Somali Americans are a vital lifeline of supportfor their communities and families throughout Somalia. I heard from dozens of community leaders who have mobilized their friends and neighbors to raise money for the drought through car washes, bake sales and fund drives.
A young woman in Minneapolis, choking back tears, described her Facebook page where she is raising money for drought relief and posting stories of families struggling to survive. As I heard from Jibril Mohamed in Columbus, In 1992 I was a boy who fled the conflict and drought of southern Somalia and did the same long walk to the border that families are doing now. The Somali American community is a critical partner in identifying ways to help save lives. We need urgently to ensure life-saving assistance reaches people now and are committed to doing so.



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  1. 09.12.2013 at 19:46:47
    KazbeK_666 writes:
    I'll give myself six church leaders to gather and learn how.
  2. 09.12.2013 at 12:18:22
    Golden_Boy writes:
    All faiths - mediation via mindfulness is a implausible cleansing heads and reconnecting with.