This large-format volume contains approximately 400 archive and colour photographs, accompanied by comprehensive captions and an authoritative text. Bath Stone Quarries is a comprehensive photographic record of the Bath stone industry from the mid-Victorian period to the present day. The Royal Observers Corps was the volunteer organisation that watched the skies of Britain during the dark days of Second World War, reporting and tracking enemy aircraft and helping to win the Battle of Britain. Beneath the city of Berlin lies a network of bunkers that haven't been seen since World War II.
Watch Fast Track on the BBC World News channel on Saturdays at 0430, 1230 and 1930 GMT or Sundays at 1930 GMT. This page shows the locations used over the duration of the cold war and briefly describes the type of building used to house the Regional Government Headquarters. Reproduced from Ordnance Survey map data by permission of the Ordnance Survey © Crown Copyright 2001. In the 1960's, Scotland was divided into 3 zones - North, East and West with controls at Anstruther (north) in fife, Kirknewton (east) in Lothian and Torrance House (West) in East Kilbride.
In the 1950's the Royal Air Force replaced the ageing WW2 radar with centimetric radar in what was known as the ROTOR plan.
By the 1960's the government had many recently built and expensive bunkers embarrassingly redundant.
At Southport, Basingstoke and Hertford three government office buildings were constructed with reinforced basements that were used for Regional Government Headquarters.
In the 1960's, a section of a former ordnance factory at Brackla, Bridgend was converted to RGHQ 82. In July 1941 construction started on a matrix of tunnels designed as a factory for aircraft engines and as a RAF store having a combined floor area of 285,000 square feet. After engine production finished, part of the tunnel complex has been used as a Regional Government Headquarters from the late fifties until the disbanding of the UKWMO in 1992.
In the Seventies and early Eighties there were two microwave dishes on the mast shown in the gallery, one pointed at Romsley and the other to an unknown location, possibly Titterstone Clee CAA site.
These black and white photo's I took in the eighties show the engine air intakes and exhaust pipes and the main entrance. In 1954, Drakelow, under the guise of codeword MACADAM was earmarked as a possible location for the Central Government Emergency Headquarters as a replacement or addition to Corsham. After the disbanding of the UKWMO the RGHQ bunkers have been placed on the market and some have been sold to landowners or private companies. The Ullenwood RGHQ was in a former Anti-Aircraft Operations Room (AAOR) a semi-sunken two storey bunker. This book is a really good historical and technical survey of the industrial underground sites in the United Kingdom during World War II, with plans, maps and photographies.
Our members study and investigate man-made and man-used underground places — from mines to railway tunnels, military defences to nuclear bunkers and everything in between.


If the Wartling project becomes over-subscribed then I am happy for my donation to be added to Sub Brit general funds and used in other ways to protect our underground heritage. If you have never been to a Sub Brit meeting before, they are a tremendous opportunity to meet and network with fellow enthusiasts and learn about new sites in a relaxed setting. The Central Government War HQ located in the Bath Stone Mines near Corsham, known during its life as Burlington, Turnstile and Stockwell amongst other names, is covered in depth across 72 pages and 100 photos and diagrams.
Sub Brit has published a directory of around 250 underground sites in the UK that are open to the public. Cold War Bunkers is the second volume in a series of high-quality photographic records of Britain's underground heritage.
Its scope includes not just the surviving underground relics of the industry but also the surface tramways, loading wharfs and cutting yards associated with it. It ended in victory for the United States, yet it was a costly triumph, claiming trillions of dollars in defense spending and the lives of nearly 100,000 U.S.
Most of the bunker became operational around 1952 but the rapid development of aircraft and radar technology quickly made the ROTOR plan redundant.
When the policy of Regional Seats of Government Headquarters was introduced, many of the ROTOR where utilised for these headquarters. The most noticeable feature of a fully submerged bunker being the entrance in a bungalow style guard house with a veranda. A bunker was built at Chilmark, Wiltshire in 1985 as replacement for the Region 7 bunker at Ullenwood, Gloucestershire. The tunnels are at the same level as Kingsford Lane which passes by the North side of the site and is about 150ft below the top of the sandstone ridge that former part of the Drakelow estate.
During that time it has been known as the Regional Seat of Government No9, Kinver; RGHQ 92 Drakelow or possibly Kidderminster.
The purpose of this link is a microwave mystery - please get in touch if you know the answer.
A replacement was built in 1985 at Chilmark and since then had been used by Gloucester County Council. Left unchecked, the bunker will slowly fill with water, destroying another of these rare Cold War survivors. The large-format volume contains approximately 439 colour photographs accompanied by comprehensive captions and an authoritative text. This arrangement continued until 1983 when the East and West zones were merged to form the new South Zone. As the speed of bomber aircraft increased it became necessary to control the interceptor fighters directly from the radar station making the SOC redundant. Four SOC bunkers (Bawburgh, Barnton Quarry, Kelvedon Hatch and Shipton) and four radar bunkers (Anstruther, Bolt Head, Hack Green and Skendleby) were used as Regional Headquarters. In Region 6, WW2 tunnels known as the 'Dumpy' level in Dover Castle were adapted as RGHQ in 1962 before it moved in 1987 to the former WW2 propaganda radio transmitter site at Crowborough.


Romsley to has a direct line of sight to Titterstone and most HO sites in the area, so this routing was obviously to serve the RGHQ. On a recent visit I have to assume it is now in private ownership as a large country house has been erected in the grounds. Many sites are open year-round, admission to others is sometimes limited to special visits arranged by local groups. Last but not least, and not for the fainthearted, is a collection of photographs showing the capital’s creepy Victorian cemetery catacombs. The Zone Headquarters at Kirknewton would now act as the Scottish Central headquarters and house the Scottish Commissioner (the peacetime Secretary of State for Scotland). New radar was developed with increased range that meant fewer radar stations were required. The only other surface features are the ventilation shafts and a lattice communications mast. Two former government WW2 Cold Stores located at Hexham, Northumberland and Loughborough, Leicestershire were adapted in the early 1980's for use as Regional Headquarters 22 and 32 respectively.
The lattice communications mast is on the top of the ridge and linked into the HO hilltop sites at Romsley and Brown Clee. One of the UHF skeleton slot yagis on this side of the mast linked Shrewsbury ROC HQ via Brown Clee Hill HO site which also had microwave dishes. Hack Green in Cheshire is a semi-sunken ROTOR bunker with a good display of exhibits from both sides of the Cold War. The bunker has been clad with local Cotswold stone to match the house and tastefully landscaped into the garden. A brief description, location and contact details are listed for each site, along with a breakdown by county. The plotters at radar station reported to one of four Sector Operations Centres (ROTOR SOC) of similar design to the radar bunkers but larger with three levels.
All are well signposted for visitors, the phrasing of the signs like this one on the A525 at Audlem, gives many motorist a chuckle. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience.
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