Which includes such heroes as Andre Leon Talley, Lady Gaga, Karl Lagerfeld, and David Bowie.
This continuous professional development (CPD) programme is aimed at professionals who wish to develop their leadership skills. This (CDP) programme is aimed at professionals of all levels who would like to improve their leadership skills and for organisations who wish to develop talent from within. Whether you agree with getting tattoos or not, here are seven types of Christian tattoos that are popularly known.
Divers have recovered an altar that was used for on-board sacrifices from a 2,200-year-old shipwreck off the Aeolian Island of Panarea just north of Sicily. The wreck was discovered in 2010 by researchers from Sicily’s Superintendent of the Sea Office using sonar and a remote operated submersible.
The Vatican debuted a cutting edge new LED lighting system in the Sistine Chapel on Wednesday.
Using a full complement of red, green, blue, warm white and cool white LED lights, the new system illuminates the complete color spectrum of the frescoes. The new LEDs and accompanying reflectors ensure that not only are Michelangelo’s immortal ceiling and Last Judgment now lit with a homogeneous, visually accurate and glare-free light, but all of the art of the Sistine Chapel is illuminated to its greatest advantage. Preserving the paintings and improving the visitor experience were priorities in the installation of a new climate control system as well.
For two years engineers studied the climate inside the chapel, using the latest and greatest simulation tools to understand the movement of air, moisture and particulate matter in the space.
The new air conditioning system has three times greater cooling capacity, twice as energy efficient, six filtration levels and 70 different sensors to monitor the numbers of visitors and the air quality. The total cost of both lighting and climate control systems is estimated to be around $3.8 million.
When last we saw the tunnel underneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan, the remote vehicle Tlaloc II-TC had forged 65 feet ahead of the point where humans could tread and identified the presence of three chambers with its infrared camera and laser scanner. The tunnel was discovered by chance in 2003 after heavy rains opened a hole more than two and a half feet (83 cm) wide in front of the Adosada platform, a 4th century structure inside the Citadel that faces the temple. INAH archaeologists have now reached the 103 point where they have encountered a space 13 feet wide and 26 feet long filled with an extraordinary wealth of objects: 50,000 artifacts, including organic remains perfectly preserved in the low oxygen environment.
On the non-organic side are beautifully carved stone sculptures, four of them anthropomorphic figures two feet tall made from greenstone, scores of shells from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, imported Guatemalan jade, rubber balls, pottery, pyrite disks and a wooden box filled with dozens of elaborately engraved conchs.
This space is 18 feet deep, and given its location close to the end of the tunnel in front of the three chambers, archaeologists think the explosion of artifacts is a strong indicator that there are significant burials in those chambers. Here’s a video that takes you down the tunnel and shows some of the highlights of the recent discoveries. In a post earlier this month about the Teschen Table, I waxed lyrical about the gorgeous handwriting of Carl Gottfried Nestler, the Dresden engraver who Johann-Christian Neuber commissioned to write the booklet that identified every mineral inlaid in the table top.
Much to my delight, 3IP founder and designer of my favorite fonts of all time Brian Willson answered me. That project has to get in line, though, because Willson has other irons in the fire at the moment. I told him that the first interview subject, the incomparable Janet Stephens, got famous a year after I posted her interview. Q: Fonts were only a decade old in the early 90s, the province of computer manufacturers, software companies and visionary traditional typesetters like Monotype. Q: Do you deliberately set out to look for good font candidates or do you mainly stumble on them in the course of doing other things? I probably read about a half dozen of Frederick Douglass’s letters and a number of his written lectures. I asked him how Emily had gotten such an illustrious gig; did he have a font agent or publicist or something? Actually, many of my customers over the years have sent me photos or links showing my fonts in use.
For the past decade, the Frazier History Museum in Louisville, Kentucky, has had the unique distinction of being the only place outside of the UK to have a permanent exhibition of weapons and armour from Britain’s Royal Armouries. An assortment of more than 400 pieces of armature from the 11th century to the beginning of the 20th century have been on display on the third floor of the Frazier History Museum. The items — on loan from the National Museum of Arms and Armour — have been displayed at the Frazier since its 2004 opening in downtown Louisville.
Both sides said Friday the partnership has been a success, and said they looked forward to working together again. The Frazier has also undergone renovations and will be reconfiguring the third floor exhibition space in keeping with a shift in its thematic focus from weaponry to history, particularly the history of Kentucky and Louisville. The wreck of La Belle, one of explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle’s supply ships, is on view to the public now, 328 years after it sank in Matagorda Bay and 17 years after it was recovered from the sea floor. This summer the timbers were transported from Texas A&M to the Bullock Texas State History Museum in Austin. More than 100 artifacts and a live-action reassembly tell a story that was lost at sea for 300 years. Assembly is expected to be completed by May of next year, so you have seven months to see the ship come together before the hull is encased in a glass structure that will allow people to walk on the ship and experience the feeling of being on deck looking down into the cargo hold.
Archaeologists exploring a stretch of the Inca trail network of Qhapaq Nan that passes through the archaeological site of Incahuasi have discovered a stone cut with 13 angles. Inca masonry is famous for its finely hewn polygonal stones that fit together without mortar like intricate jigsaw puzzles. One particular polygonal stone has become a Peruvian icon: the 12-angled stone in a wall on Hatun Rumiyoc Street in Cusco.
The fame of the Hatun Rumiyoc stone lends a special cachet to the discovery of a stone with 13 angles. The dry, subtropical desert climate required the construction of extensive canal and irrigation systems for agricultural purposes.
The only known surviving opus sectile mosaic of Medusa is finally being restored five years after its discovery in the ancient Odeon theater of Kibyra, in southwest Turkey’s Burdur Province.
At 36 feet in diameter and 14 feet at the widest point, it’s the largest mosaic still in situ in Anatolia. Last year the Medusa mosaic was uncovered for the first time since its discovery to allow conservators to perform a detailed feasibility study.
According to Duzgun Tarkan from the archaeology department of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University in Burdur, the mosaic has survived some very hard times. You can see in the images from last year’s study that there are areas where the opus sectile marble veneers are in fragments.
Once the mosaic is stabilized, it will be covered with a layer of glass (or a transparent material of some kind) to protect it from grubby tourist feet and hands, bad weather and all manner of other potential damage sources. In late 2012, the Vasa Museum in Stockholm, home of the beautiful but unstable flagship of the Swedish fleet that sank a mile from the shore on its maiden voyage in 1628, put together a team to recreate one of the ship’s 24-pounder bronze cannons. The aim of the project was to make an accurate copy of the cannon and its accessories (mount, ammunition, powder, etc) and then fire it on range.
On Wednesday, October 22nd, the official trials began, witnessed by 200 journalists, museum staff and members of the armed forces. In this Swedish language video, you can see the cannon being muzzle loaded, details of the replica section of the side of Vasa‘s hull used for target practice, a nice glimpse of the gun and recoil after firing before the entire scene is obscured with smoke, and a close view of the hole left in the target. And here is the proverbial money shot, a detailed view of the cannon being fired at the target, a close-up of the hit, and the impact of the ball on the wood recorded on high speed film so when it’s played back you see every shard and splinter create almost a loose tornado effect. A late 16th portrait of King Henry III of France that has been missing from the Louvre since World War II was discovered about to go up for auction in Paris.
The Chateau de Blois played a dramatic role in the bloody intrigues of Henry’s turbulent reign, and in 2010 the museum held an exhibition dedicated to the period, Renaissance celebrations and crimes, the Court of Henry III. With his marriage childless, Anjou dead and his presumptive heir now the Protestant Henry, King of Navarre, Henry III had good reason to fear not just for his throne, but for his life.
This is why the painting of Henry III that embeds him, monarchical ermines and all, praying on the ground with human bones in the center of the apex of Catholic iconography, the Crucifixion, held such interest for the Chateau de Blois museum. Ader Nordmann immediately withdrew the work as soon as the Louvre experts authenticated it. If you're not wandering the streets of Chelsea, you can download the coloring pages and finish them wherever else you are. Participants will gain an understanding of leadership roles and they will develop their skills and knowledge to lead, supervise and to manage resources effectively to achieve organisational and personal goals. Such altars have been found before on land and one was discovered in the shallow Adriatic waters around the Croatian island of Hvar, but this is the first one to be found on a shipwreck.
The 50-foot ship, dubbed the Panarea III, and its cargo of amphorae were at a depth of 426 feet (130 meters), deep enough to keep it out reach of treasure hunters and naval traffic.
Divers didn’t realize what the altar was when they first saw it on the edge of the amphora field.
Because the cargo was mostly Greco-Italic jars but with Punic amphorae in the bow of the ship, archaeologists believe it was a Greek trading vessel that traveled between Rome and Carthage, possibly supplying the fleet of Roman consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus who was commander of Sicily from 214 to 211 B.C.
He besieged the city of Syracuse, then allied to Carthage and a powerful potential foothold for Hannibal in his struggle to conquer Italy, for two years (214 B.C. Designed and installed by the German company Osram, the new system features more than 7,000 light-emitting diodes mounted behind a cornice high up on the walls.
It took four years of careful analysis by lighting designers, restorers and colorimetry experts to ensure the LEDs were set to properly light the original colors without altering their hue. The old system had eight 150 watt spotlights and two 1,000 watt projectors installed outside the chapel windows.
The end result is exceptionally vivid color, brightness, readability and boosted optical effects from the foreshortening technique Michelangelo used. When the old system was installed in the early 1990s, the Sistine Chapel was visited by fewer than two million people a year.


If the temperature, humidity, dust and pollutants could not be controlled, then the Vatican was going to have to take drastic action to preserve the paintings, ie, close the chapel to tourists, something it definitely did not want to do.
The room will remain perpetually at 77 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, with temperatures, ventilation and humidity levels adjusted according to the number of people in the chapel.
The companies donated their services, plus there was additional funding support from the EU.
There isn’t much detail about the technology, sadly, but there is that quote from Jackie Anderson and several cool glimpses of the simulations.
Wednesday Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) announced that archaeologists have reached a space just before the three chambers and have discovered there a massive cache of sacred objects. Fifty feet under the hole, archaeologists found a tunnel almost 400 feet (120 meters) long.
There are more than 4,000 wooden objects, bones and fur from large cats, beetle skeletons, more than 15,000 seeds from different plants and the remains of skin, possibly human, which will be submitted for laboratory analysis. With no written records to go by, archaeological remains are invaluable to the study of Teotihuacan’s culture and history. I have long been an admirer of the historical handwriting and typeface fonts created by Three Islands Press (3IP).
He was intrigued by Nestler’s lettering, so much so that he envisions creating an organic hand and a complete text typeface from it. Thankfully, he is extremely generous with his time and despite his insanely busy schedule, he agreed to sit for the second History Blog interview ever. I would scan each character very large, hand-trace it with Illustrator’s vector tools, import the outlines into Fontographer, and finish things up there.
Now that pen-to-paper writing has become increasingly rare as even the few remaining formal settings for handwriting like wedding invitations go virtual, has that added a sense of urgency to your work? How important is the backstory — the author of the hand, the source of the writing — to you? How thoroughly have you read the correspondence of Emily Austin, Frederick Douglass, Abigail Adams, Mirabeau Lamar and the other figures whose writing you have converted to fonts?
Nor did I read all of Abigail Adams’s letters to John (or many of his to her) but rather found myself pausing every now and then while looking near at the shapes of letterforms and pulling back to find myself immersed in her words. And come to think of it, I believe I only had three or four of Rusk’s letters on which to base Texas Hero. Primary sources taught in school history classes are often transcriptions rather than images of the original documents. It seems to me that you’ve become a historian in the course of becoming a historical preservationist, all without remotely setting out to do it.
Have you thought about using them as the kernels of complete, stand-alone historical icon sets? A while back I even started work on an ink-blots-only font but then got sidetracked by somebody else’s handwriting. One of the pictures was a page from Arthur Spiderwick’s Field Guide to the Fantastical World Around You which I realized with a start used Emily Austin in the chapter headings!
From a boat name in Penobscot Bay, Maine, to a package of crackers in Switzerland to the side of a U-Haul van, Brian Willson’s fonts are ubiquitous. I love to imagine what Emily Austin or Mirabeau Lamar would make of their writing starring in a Spiderwick Chronicles book and the Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince movie. In fact, it was the first time any British national museum entered into a long-term collaboration with an institution outside of national borders. While most of the artifacts are English, the Royal Armoury has amassed a collection of military and sporting weapons and armour from Spain, Italy, Germany, Japan, China, India and more. The Royal Armouries collection was a prize catch for Louisville philanthropist and businessman Owsley Brown Frazier, who founded the museum. The Royal Armouries collection will return home and artifacts will be split between the Tower of London and the Royal Armouries Museum in Leeds. The Royal Armouries display will be replaced with artifacts from the museum’s expanding permanent collection, including objects from the personal collection of museum founder Owsley Frazier. After 15 years in PEG, the timbers were moved to a custom-built freeze dryer 40 feet long and eight feet wide where the process of drying them out without damage could be accomplished faster and cheaper. Discover what items 17th century French settlers thought were important enough to transport across the ocean to establish a new North American colony. Even today, half a millennium after they were constructed, many of these dry walls are still joined so perfectly you can’t pass a piece of paper between stones. The wall is all that remains of the palace of Inca Roca, sixth Sapa Inca (ruler) of the Kingdom of Cusco, and the Stone of Twelve Angles has become a hugely popular tourist attraction. The city of Incahuasi was built in the mid-15th century by Tupac Yupanqui, the 10th Sapa Inca, to serve as a military and administrative center of the empire he expanded south along the coast.
Incahuasi is 3,800 meters (12,467 feet) above sea level and was strategically located next to the Viscacha River, the water source for irrigation of the whole valley. The 1,800-year-old masterpiece of the mosaic arts was unearthed during an archaeological excavation in 2009, but on the advice of Culture and Tourism Ministry experts was quickly covered with five layers of sand and gravel to preserve from the elements it until proper treatment could be arranged.
It is almost entirely intact, with an estimate 95% of its thin marble tiles still in place. This year, the Culture and Tourism Ministry funded the restoration based on the recommendations in last year’s report.
That’s apparently the result of this devastating days-long fire that took down the wooden roof that once covered the Odeon. That way visitors to the Odeon will be able to walk on Medusa’s face without hurting her. Although Vasa went down in ignominy before it had a chance to make a name for itself, the light cannon that became known as the Vasa gun would be adopted all branches of the Swedish military as the standard artillery piece during the Thirty Years’ War. The experiment would be documented with film, audio recordings, doppler radar and pressure monitoring to provide a wide range of data on the ballistic and tactical capabilities of the Vasa gun.
Designing and building the molds and fittings, testing the pour with an iron version first, composing the proper alloy, casting and curing the final product, was no small task. A small work at eight by five inches, the painting was valued by the Ader-Nordmann auction house at only €400-€600 ($505-$758).
With the Protestant army led by his younger brother Francois, formerly Duke of Alencon and now Duke of Anjou, besieging Paris, in 1576 Henry signed he Edict of Beaulieu which granted the Hugenots freedom of religion and major political concessions. He formed the Catholic League, a coalition of French Catholic societies supported by the Pope and Philip II of Spain, to apply military and political pressure in favor of the eradication of the Hugenots.
It was the defeat of the Spanish Armada in August of 1588 that weakened the Catholic League and emboldened Henry III. Chief curator Elisabeth Latremoliere, in accordance with standard museum acquisition protocols, sought out expert opinions on the piece. It was being sold as part of the estate of an elderly woman; nobody had any idea how she had acquired it or what winding road took it from the Louvre to the auction.
The submersibles weren’t able to dive deeply enough to retrieve any objects from the wreck, so this year the Superintendent enlisted technical divers from the non-profit Global Underwater Explorers (GUE) to explore the site and recover a few artifacts.
Rome was rather more successful on water than they were on land in the first eight years, winning major naval encounters around Sicily and Sardinia. It’s energy efficient, requiring up to 90% less electricity than the 1980s halogen lighting system it replaced while providing five to ten times more brightness.
They analyzed 280 points of the fresco pigments using a non-invasive system that illuminates the points with a calibrated light and measures the reflected spectrum. They were big and hot, but because the windows were covered with semi-transparent plastic to protect the frescoes from damaging UV radiation, much of their light was absorbed before it made indoors. That number has more than tripled since then, and six million sweating, breathing, stinking, dirt-tracking humans do a number on the environment in a closed space. The system taps into three security cameras to actually count the bodies in the room at any given time and then governs itself accordingly. Excavations began in 2009, with initial explorations done with ground penetrating radar, laser scanning and two robots. The heavy lifting was done by at least 25 workers at any given time, one of whom was Julio Alva, a descendant of 17th century Nahuatl chronicler Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl, himself a direct descendant of Ixtlilxochitl I and Ixtlilxochitl II, rulers of Texococo, and of Cuitlahuac, the penultimate ruler of Tenochtitlan.
I was working either in the production or editorial department (I spent time in both) at a company that published trade magazines, and one of our art directors had some of the coolest hand-lettering I’d ever seen. But beyond that I suppose just an interesting sort of look or flourish or expressiveness that strikes you, that at once (if subliminally) makes you wonder at the character and personality of the person who took pen to paper (or set the type) in the first place. I think humans generally have a keen curiosity about how things got the way they are and where things come from. I believe this has a lot to do with the spirit of the woman herself, her expressiveness in her letters, how she wore her personality on her sleeve, so to speak, in the words and sentences she strung together. In fact, I bet many kids would get a huge kick out of working to figure out how to decipher old handwriting. Given how important the backstories are to you, have you considered writing more about them?
Pen-and-ink blots, antique cartographic ornaments, old printer’s flourishes — hm, it might just work!
This is when I finally understood that Brian Willson’s work was already crazy famous, so my boasting was as superfluous as it was unjustified. They make appearances in blockbuster movies, best-selling books and chart-topping records too. This arrangement was so special it literally required an act of Parliament to allow the artifacts to leave the country and create a Royal Armouries annex in America.
When the wreck was found by Texas Historical Commission archaeologists in 1995, the bottom third of the ship’s oak hull was completely intact. Visitors can watch La Belle rise again and interact with the archaeologists, asking questions as they work.


Artifacts such as brass kettles, cooking utensils, and carpentry and farming tools shed light on both European domestic culture and future colony planning.
It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site this June, which has drawn new attention to the network from researchers, including the section in Incahuasi. The variety of shapes and precision cutting provided exceptional seismic resistance, hence their longevity even in earthquake-prone areas. He called it New Cusco and deliberately evoked the power and glamour of the great Inca capital by building a smaller version of its monumental structures and planned grid of streets and squares. Authorities are keen to keep it in its original context so visitors can enjoy the rare pleasure of seeing it the same way the ancients did rather than removed from its orchestra pit semi-circle and placed in a museum. Regional archaeologists are working with an Istanbul conservation company to restore the mosaic.
This is why we believe that the timbers that fell during the fire burned the mosaic for days.
Some of the marble plaques that characterize the opus sectile style (as opposed to the small, regular squares of the opus tessellatum style) are just a single millimeter thick.
Sweden was the world’s largest exporter of cannon in the 17th century, and other European countries developed their own versions of the Vasa gun, so learning more about this particular weapon illuminates a far broader stage than just the ship or Swedish naval warfare.
Because Vasa was recovered in such excellent condition thanks to the cold, woodworm-inhospitable waters of the Baltic Sea, it was possible for the team to recreate every element of the weapon system, not just the barrel which is the only part that usually survives. No detailed was spared to make it an exact replica, right down to the decorative motifs on the outside of the gun.
One week before the October 17th auction, Pierre-Gilles Girault, assistant curator of the Royal Chateau de Blois, found out about the sale from a Henry III keyword alert he’d set up on a public auction search site. Girault emailed the Louvre’s 16th century art curator and received an immediate response even though it was Sunday. The painting will be returned to the Louvre posthaste, but Elisabeth Latremolliere hopes the museum will throw them a bone and lend them the portrait for display at the Chateau de Blois. When they blew away some of the accumulated silt, they found the bottom of it was mostly buried. The crew of the Panarea III had eminently good reason to bolt an altar to the ship’s deck and make copious sacrifices to the gods. It took so long to take the city because it was ably defended by high walls and the ingenious inventions of Archimedes.
The end result was a perpetual low-contrast twilight which made the art harder to see and cast shadows on the works that were not spotlit. The new air conditioning and filtration system, designed by Carrier, a part of United Technologies Corp., the same company that designed the first air conditioning system in 1993. Alva and his comrades worked tirelessly to remove 970 tons of earth and stone to make way for the remote vehicles and archaeologists to explore the tunnel.
As it turns out, his work is already famous the world over, if not by name then certainly by sight. Within a week or two, she’d sent me photocopies of a whole bunch of letters written by famous early Texans like Sam Houston, Mirabeau B Lamar, Emily Austin Perry, and Thomas J Rusk. I had by then experimented briefly with (then) Altsys Fontographer making logos and such and proposed turning her handwriting into a font. I had a bunch of those moments along the way, but I’m sure my font-making methods remain roundabout and inefficient. Ironically, of course, this whole crazy pursuit of mine quite logically coincided with a modern decline in the art of handwriting. For some reason I’m reminded of my Bonsai font, an interpretation of a flawed, topheavy letterpress job. Emily was a product of her time, and her extant portraits show a strict and proper pioneer woman, but from all I’ve read she was a loving, thoughtful, motherly presence in the many lives she touched.
That might help keep the dying art of penmanship alive too, since forgetting how to read it is part and parcel of forgetting how to write it. I’m certain you have more than enough material for a fascinating book, a compendium of personal stories linked solely by great handwriting and texts. To keep this marvel of preservation together, the recovery team built a cofferdam around the wreck, pumped out all the water and excavated the hull from six feet of mud. Colored beads and other trade goods perhaps speak to strategies for interacting with American Indians. While investigating the trail, the archaeological team found a hydraulic system with two masonry fountains connected to canals carved out of the mountain rock. The water then traveled through the canal system carved from the mountain rock in zig-zag, straight sections and waterfalls that slowed down the flow of water on its descent to the Viscacha.
The Incas promoted this notion, emphasizing the symbolic importance of water management as a defining standard for community membership. The Kibyra Odeon could seat 3,600 people and was used for musical and theatrical events as well as serving as legal court and legislative chamber during the cold months when its roof made it the most comfortable structure in town suitable for public use. It defies belief that all those shards remained in place so archaeologists could painstakingly piece them back together and reinstall them on site. Henry III was forced to fight both Protestants and Catholics arrayed against him, and he just didn’t have the wherewithal to pull it off. In December, he invited the Duke of Guise and his brother Louis II, Cardinal of Guise, to the council chamber. The Louvre sent its people to examine the painting in person, and on October 14th, they verified by comparing it to the sole known pre-loss photograph of the painting taken in 1925 that it was the original work, gone missing more than 70 years ago under mysterious circumstances.
About a foot in diameter at the widest point and three inches high, that was actually the top of the altar, a basin used to burn incense in ritual offerings. After the Romans finally found a weak point in the wall and broke through, a soldier came upon Archimedes in his study and killed him despite Marcellus’ order that the great mathematician not be harmed. In a lesser chamber, this might not be much of a loss, but the works on the side walls of the chapel were painted by the likes of Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Perugino.
Analysis of the white powder found it was composed of calcium carbonate and calcium bicarbonate deposits, probably formed when rising carbon dioxide levels and humidity moved through the plaster walls of the chapel.
Nestler’s elegant hand might be of interest, I sent 3IP a message with a link to the Teschen Table story. Rusk’s handwriting seemed the most legible and least peculiar of the bunch, so I chose to work with that.
This all happened a year or two before the Web exploded on the scene, but I figured I’d release those first few fonts as shareware on CompuServe and America Online. While on a trip to England several years ago, I came upon a business specializing in antique maps and ended up buying a page of an early-18th century Atlas: Antiquarian Scribe. Attic Antique is on the cover of Dave Matthews Band’s first studio album, Under the Table and Dreaming. After two years, the excavation retrieved the remains of the ship and more than 1.6 million artifacts including 21,500 pounds of gunpowder, cannons, muskets, cooking vessels and navigational tools. In Incahuasi, the canal system invoked multiple sacred origins: the mountain springs feeding the fountains, the departure point of the Viscacha to water the valley, which, once the river descends to the coast, becomes an important tributary of the Pisco River.
It is ten feet long, weighs 1.5 tons and the alloy is made of around 93% copper, 4-5% tin, and trace amounts of zinc and lead. Even a copy of a realistic portrait of a king, whose life and reign were mired in Wars of Religion, depicted in such a heavy-handedly devout posture could well be worth the small purchase price.
He was forced to roll back the concessions in the Edict of Beaulieu and Peace of La Rochelle and give the League everything it asked for, including that the king pay its troops.
The white patches were removed easily with no damage to the paint, but the situation was a big red flag that the old systems were no longer able to control the elements. A few weeks (months?) later, I’d finished my first generation of the Marydale family. Soon I was offering to design newsletters for a couple of local non-profits I belonged to, and before I knew it I actually had some paying graphic design jobs. I never saw it coming, but in the past few years it’s dawned on me that my type work truly is a kind of an odd form of historical preservation.
Since we have fairly good memories, centuries of records at our fingertips, and brains that are prone to solving puzzles and imagining things, it’s no wonder that our thoughts turn to the preservation and illumination of the dim times that have gone before.
Whole crates were found full of an enormous quantity of trade goods, including 1,571 brass Jesuit rings, 17,000 brass pins, 664 axe heads, and 618,000 glass beads strung together by color.
It was the carved dolphin handles, along with other cannon insignia, that helped historians determine that the wreckage they had discovered was indeed La Belle.
There are very few extant realistic portraits of Henry III, and they’re standard court paintings. There are metal supports embedded in the base, probably the remains of fasteners to keep it from going overboard at the first swell. Which is pretty much all the incentive you need to keep going in a capitalist society like ours, ha ha. This one ties Henry directly into the defining issue of his reign and of 16th century France. For a short while the Duke of Guise even took Paris, forcing Henry III to flee to the royal palace at Blois in May of 1588. For a once-in-a-lifetime experience, watch up-close inside the gallery as the ultimate artifact of the exhibition, the ship itself, rises again as experts reassemble the vessel, timber by timber.



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