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Left, Flickr, Center, Simon Fraser University Flickr Creative Commons, Right, Screenshot from Pandora’s Promise. My previous article was about Bill Nye’s  choice to ignore the science when it comes to nuclear energy safety. Now, of course, the entire anti-nuclear energy idea was started with some critical thinking. In the long run, ideologies tend to degenerate into a struggle for the hearts and minds of the young and impressionable. I didn’t transcribe the first ten minutes of his talk because it made no mention of nuclear energy. After transcribing his talk I was surprised to find that it was comprised largely of old and outdated anti-nuclear arguments I haven’t heard in years that confused the mishandling of waste by secretive nuclear weapons programs dating back to the forties with the practices of modern commercial nuclear power plants. Some of the transcript is not presented in the order it was given because I wanted to highlight the more important points at the front of this post for those not inclined to read the whole thing. Above, Nye goes Luddite on his young audience, ironically, each in possession of a smart phone, as he describes how complex next generation nuclear power technology will be.
If technological complexity is his concern with nuclear energy, he may want to avoid riding on a modern airliner like the one shown above, arguably one of the more complex machines ever assembled.
Attached to those wings are 110,000 horsepower turbofan engines burning 3,750 gallons of fuel per hour at takeoff power, each more powerful than all of the engines combined on the Titanic. This is also a straw man argument because nobody is claiming that there are never going to be more nuclear accidents over the next half century with outcomes that will vary like the first three nuclear accidents (of which, only one resulted in fatalities).
There are also going to be future airline accidents like the one above caused by pilot error. I modified Nye’s above paragraphs assuming for the sake of discussion that he is one of the millions who have an irrational fear of flying, even though it is the safest way to travel. The mid 1960s saw the rapid rise of nuclear technologies and the promise for clean and safe energy. There are no more primitive, Soviet era, containment dome-free, reactor designs like Chernobyl, just as there are no more airliners like the Comet with square windows. Fukushima taught the world what to expect when not one, but three modern reactors with modern containment domes melt down—a non-fatal event. Photo taken at my local hardware store of a poster advertising the environmentally friendly Plutonium paint brand …which contains no Plutonium. Maybe Nye has confused Plutonium with Polonium, which plays no role in nuclear energy production?
The natural world is also full of deadly chemicals, like the ones found in the skin of the lethally toxic Golden poison frog– Phyllobates terribilis (leaf climbing terror). Here, Nye is trying to plant a false memory in the minds of his young Columbia University audience. You can tour some of the first nuclear reactors and snap pictures like the one above taken at Oak Ridge.
The lay press often confuse nuclear reactors with nuclear power plants and will often use the two terms interchangeably, which further confuses readers. Research (many universities have small reactors on campus, including one at my alma mater) known as research reactors. Production of weapons grade plutonium (plutonium is produced in the fuel pellets as a result of fissioning the uranium) known as military or production reactors. Generating heat to make steam to power turbines that spin electric generators at nuclear power plants known as civilian or commercial reactors.
To further confuse readers, types 2 and 3 were, on occasion, combined in the past by what are known as dual purpose reactors like the Hanford N-reactor which was the only one of its kind in the United States.
There are also many different reactor designs for the above uses, as well as many variations on the fuel consumed. A nuclear power plant is a form of thermal power plant (like solar thermal, geothermal, biomass etc) that uses the heat from a nuclear reactor instead of heat from solar radiation, subterranean hot water, or the burning of wood respectively, to make steam to spin generators to make electricity.
You can have a nuclear reactor without a having a nuclear power plant, but you can’t have a nuclear power plant without a nuclear reactor. No information, available in the public domain, suggests that any well funded entity has ever achieved, or seriously pursued creating, a nuclear weapon with the same isotopic composition of modern, high burn up, reactor grade plutonium. In a nutshell, the main concern with weapons proliferation isn’t with the spent fuel from commercial nuclear power plants.
How are nations that have access to enriched uranium fuel for their nuclear power plants prevented from using that fuel in a secret weapons production reactor to make weapons grade plutonium should they want to do so? Ergo, other than the knowledge and technology used to enrich uranium to make fuel for their respective reactor designs, there is no relationship between nuclear weapons and commercial nuclear power plants.
With or without commercial nuclear power plants, the technology to enrich uranium will continue to exist, or can be recreated, to make fuel for military production reactors, which have been successfully hidden and used to secretly make weapons grade material by most countries that have nuclear weapons. Again, contrary to what Nye believes, today’s nuclear power plants across the country have nothing at all to do with military nuclear weapons manufacture or development or the superfund sites they created. As Nye continues to try to plant the idea that commercial nuclear power plants are tied to the secret military nuclear weapons industry, he tells us about once having a security clearance. But this tradition of secrecy has played havoc in my opinion with our perception of nuclear power and furthermore the way the nuclear industry presents itself to us on the outside. He gets a 3 because his description of a thermal power plant (how most electricity is made) is reasonably accurate.
He completely made up the idea that there was a plan to simply put our spent fuel back into the ground, like we still do with much of our waste in our tens of thousands of landfills and coal ash ponds, and like we once did to all of our rivers and lakes.
The plan, unlike with fossil fuels, has always been to keep the minuscule amount of nuclear waste (a coke can would hold all the waste for the power generated for an American over his or her life) from commercial nuclear power plants isolated from the environment, assuming we don’t use it up as fuel with newer technology in the future.
His reference to a comedic bit is to suggest that using uranium to continue to make low carbon electricity to spare our children and grandchildren the worst of a warming world has been some kind of joke.
And you may have heard people talk about the centrifuge and all the controversy about having centrifuges in the Middle East and so on.
Convince his audience that he is an expert on nuclear energy when he obviously isn’t. Insinuate that the technical complexity is a bad thing, and because nuclear reactors are complicated, they are bad things. With the mention of centrifuges in the Middle East, he is also still attempting to conflate nuclear power plants with nuclear weapons for the tenth time. Again, although he may or may not have largely gotten most of his facts right, he gets a 4 for insinuating with his centrifuge reference that the operating Iranian commercial nuclear power plant is somehow tied in with their attempts to obtain a nuclear weapon and for trying to convince his audience that nuclear power plant complexity is somehow an argument against their use. In the end, he is also inadvertently demonstrating how technologically difficult it is to build a nuclear weapon because his above description is just for making the initial fuel for a reactor that will be used to make plutonium.
Now I was the MC of the Department of Energy Science Bowl, for a couple of years It’s the coolest job. It’s so complicated to get uranium to where it’s fissionable, that makes it different from other types of heat fired turbines like coal.
So, um, the complexity of it has really been troublesome and the secrecy that was required to develop these processes that allowed the United States to especially develop the first nuclear weapons, this stuff is still with the nuclear industry, this secrecy. He’s inadvertently shooting his argument in the foot when you consider that nuclear sub crews live within a few yards of a nuclear power plant for much of their career with no adverse health effects.
And so it was a secret place, and they have been, at least for me, I lived in Washington State for 26 years, ah, they have been really bad (laughing) at handling their waste.
And once again, it’s his deliberate omission of the fact that Hanford is an old military nuclear waste super fund site that commercial nuclear power plants had no part in creating that earns a score of 1. And then Fukushima is still trouble, I mean the film mentions the thing is in a containment vessel, the thing, the nuclear mass of molten metal goo is in a containment vessel but it is still unusable and fantastically radioactive and they’re trying to set up this detector that’s just not working  …but the longest journey starts with a single step.
Above Bill is building his audience up for a bombshell of some kind, suggesting that the Deep Water Horizon spill was no big deal compared to one of the three nuclear accidents in the last half century. Germany must reduce the cost of its switch from atomic energy toward renewables to protect growth, Economy and Energy Minister Sigmar Gabriel said.
German companies and consumers shoulder as much as 24 billion euros a year for renewables because of subsidy payments, Gabriel told an energy conference in Berlin. Chancellor Angela Merkel has made the top priority of her third-term government, which took office last month, reforming clean-energy aid after rising wind and solar costs helped send consumer bills soaring. While renewable aid costs are at the “limit” of what the economy can bear, Germany will keep pushing wind and solar power, the most cost-effective renewable sources, Gabriel said.
Not that I’m for or against Yucca Mountain for waste storage because I don’t know enough about the topic, but Bill with his claim that a stream runs through it is also obviously not an expert. Bizarre … considering that nothing has washed down from inside Yucca Mountain for the tens of thousands of years since volcanic ash fall created it, why would it wash down just because there is waste encased in multiple protective layers buried inside of it?
And Yucca Mountain was largely a political thing to just trying to get something done, uh, to keep the nuclear industry going. The Nuclear Waste Fund receives almost $750 million in fee revenues [from nuclear energy power plants] each year and has an unspent balance of $25 billion. The latest plan for Yucca Mountain is to mix high-level military waste into molten glass first (vitrify it) to form stable glass cylinders and permanently bury it. Here in the states, every attempt to find a repository is attacked by the anti-nuclear lobby, in part so they can use the lack of central storage as an argument against nuclear energy.
Actually not Bill, as the poll shows, a minority of Nevadans oppose storing waste at Yucca Mountain. This plethora of good borehole spots follows from the deep borehole going well into the Earth’s crust and into what we call crystalline basement rocks. Siemens and The Walt Disney Company have partnered to bring you and your students the real science behind the Disney Theme Parks!
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Six remarkable motion comics tell the dramatic stories of the brave people who stood up against the atrocities of the Holocaust. Bill Nye weighs the risks and advantages of using nuclear energy as an alternate source of power. Yesterday, I wrote about the shortcomings of the Romney energy plan, saying that by looking simply at supply-side, it only goes halfway; a real energy policy addresses both demand and supply sides.
The section that stands out as genuinely new and innovative is Romney’s plan to transfer control over energy production on federal lands to states. For the country that leads the world in capitalism and private ownership, the federal control over lands through the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S.
It makes sense for the regulation of energy production to be as close to the local level as possible.
We see an interesting case-study here in the East (where federal ownership of land is not much of an issue) between how New York and Pennsylvania are regulating fracking and natural gas production from the Marcellus Shale, stretching across their shared border. I would even go further than Romney’s plan and devolve all control over the land – not just of minerals rights, but also farming, ranching, and hunting rights – to the states, or even simply privatize it altogether. Ultimately, however, Romney includes this Energy Federalism in his plan as a way to go around what he sees as a slow and reluctant federal bureaucracy.
Andrew Holland is a Washington-based expert on energy, climate change, and infrastructure policy. Oh, no, CoalMan, nobody should waste their time chasing down the rabbit holes of your links.
Bill was doing his best to teach the young Columbia students in the audience (who he kept referring to as kids) what he had been taught and twice asked them to vote out of office politicians who think  nuclear power plants should be part of our energy mix to fight climate change (as Obama does).
28 expanded the role of nuclear power in a wide-ranging energy bill (S 2012) that remained in debate. The straw that broke the camel’s back for me was the claim that nuclear power consumes more energy than it produces (although it could have been any number of equally ridiculous claims). Cost, the main (but flawed) argument used against nuclear energy today was never mentioned. As I’ve done in other posts, rather than rate Nye’s comments as true or false (a step function), I will give each claim a veracity (conformity with truth or fact, accuracy) score. People in India and places where there is more thorium in the ground for mining, people propose using thorium which is another radioactive material that’s not as powerful as uranium but you can set it up and the idea is, instead of having the stuff fission like this, you’d have it fission like this and then you’d have this gizmo or these robotic arms (gesticulations), conveyor belt that would continually move the fuel to the proper place.
The fuselage skin (separating you from an 84% the speed of sound blast of -60 degree F air so rarefied that it would suffocate you in minutes if you didn’t freeze to death first) is little thicker than the cardboard on a cereal box.
Ouch …did a comedian entertainer just disrespect the engineers who have been designing and safely operating our nuclear power plants for the last half century? He would get a score of 10 because there certainly will be future nuclear accidents, just as there will be future airliner accidents.
The risk of what, that in the next half century another 60 foot high tsunami will smite the backup generators at another nuclear power plant resulting in  no deaths, a temporary evacuation, and another super fund site to clean up? Polonium was the radioactive poison used by Russian agents to assassinate Alexander Litvinenko. In any case, our industrial world is full of potentially dangerous chemicals that require safeguards to protect the environment and workers.
A deadly chemical only presents a potential problem if handled improperly, or, in this case, handled at all.
Our existing nuclear power plants have nothing to do with the military industrial complex at all and most certainly, the film does not suggest that they do. Just yesterday I read a story about how Iran has disassembled its nuclear reactor, leaving the reader with the impression that they now no longer have a functional nuclear power plant. Local politicians talked the military into letting a Washington State utility capture the waste heat from the reactor to make electricity.
The reactors optimized to economically provide heat for steam in commercial nuclear power plants are of a different design and can’t feasibly (as opposed to theoretically) be used to make weapons grade plutonium. However with all these major design considerations included, this fusion boosted reactor grade plutonium primary will still fizzle if the fission component of the primary does not deliver more than 0.2 kilotons of yield, which is regarded as the minimum energy necessary to start a fusion burn.
Nobody is concerned about it because not only can it not produce weapons grade material, but to be extra conservative and safe,  its fuel is provided and accounted for by a nuclear power as required by international regulations.
It is primarily with the technology used to concentrate and purify (enrich) uranium, which at higher levels of concentration can be used to make a uranium based bomb (no reactor necessary) and at lower levels of concentration can be used to make fuel for military production reactors.
Making nuclear power plants go away would not make the technology used to make reactor fuel, the military production reactors themselves that use the fuel, or all of the attendant downstream knowledge and technology needed to make a nuclear weapon go away.
In fact, a lot of our fuel for commercial reactors contains material from disassembled nuclear weapons–swords to plowshares writ large. He likely got that clearance because he was working on a military airplane program as a new hire at an aerospace company for the two or three years he held a job there.
Today’s nuclear power plants owned by various utilities across the country have nothing at all to do with secret military nuclear weapons manufacture or development. You just, just, run a huge heat engine that spins turbines at very high speed and you make electricity, big fun, and then the premise of the bit is that when we are done we will just put it back into the ground. So, a cross-section, you cut a log and there’s the tree rings, and they used this, physicists use this to describe how to get neutrons to bump into other atoms as though they have a cross-section.
It does not attempt to describe how to build that reactor to fission that fuel, the technology to remove the plutonium out of that fuel and to concentrate it into weapons grade material, shape it, and build a device of great complexity to insert it in to and finally test it before you would end up with a bomb, which also largely explains why there are still only nine nations on the planet with nuclear weapons since they were invented.
Cause what you get to say over and over again and this may only appeal to some people my age, over and over you get to say “Here’s the toss up.” And I’ll just tell you, the people, the kids, these are high-school kids, from Oakridge Tennessee are just butt kickers, they’re just so smart because all their parents are a bunch of physicists and chemical engineers.
He gets a 2 here because in the second paragraph he’s trying to convince his young audience that a nuclear power plant is worse than a coal power plant (with its millions of respiratory deaths, acid rain, ocean acidification, mountain top mining, thousands of train cars of coal delivered daily and of course the CO2 emissions) because with coal, all you have to do is grind it into dust before burning it, which is so much less complicated than making fuel pellets and a reactor for a nuclear power plant. Navy, has a lot of nuclear reactors, in fact I’m not sure exactly how many there are, if they told me they may have to kill me, but they are very good with it, they fission the stuff in the conventional way to get it hot to run steam turbines because they run submarines and aircraft carriers all over the ocean and ah, it was Admiral Rickover who realized nuclear power was the way to do this so you wouldn’t have to continually refuel ships, which is a cool idea, but they have the luxury for when the reactor is old, they just take it out of the ship and bury it, usually in Idaho, our beloved Idaho, and ah, that’s good and you can bury it for a long time. Placing parts from decommissioned military reactors that have been irradiated until they cool off  in out-of-the-way places is perfectly reasonable and commonplace. If you’re a terrorist, and you are willing to drive to Idaho with a bulldozer and think you’re not going to be detected, knock yourself out. Now I know people back east have not really heard about Hanford but you have heard about Los Alamos, right? Three Mile Island was made into a big deal thanks to anti-nuclear groups, the for-profit sensationalist lay press, and the timing of the movie The China Syndrome.
The worst case scenario for TMI would have been similar to Fukushima, where the explosions seen on TV are often described as nuclear explosions but they were hydrogen explosions in the structure over the containment domes, which were unfazed by them. The melting of the reactor core resulted in a localized explosion caused when the melted core was exposed to water and open air, which dispersed radioactive material in the immediate area near the power plant because its primitive Soviet era design didn’t have a modern containment dome. If you want to reckon it in off-shore oil rigs it’s a little over 3,000, 3,100, 3,400, offshore oil rigs. Yucca Mountain may or may not be the best place for a central storage site, but certainly, waste can be safely stored. So you’re telling me, that in the next thousand years that no nuclear stuff is going to get into the stream and go to Las Vegas, I mean come on …kids, dude, dude. The endless attempts to kill Yucca Mountain are largely a political thing to keep the nuclear industry from continuing.
However (according to the Draft Report by the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future), actions by both Congress and the Executive Branch have made the money in the fund effectively inaccessible to serving its original purpose.
Nobody in Nevada wants nuclear waste put there because of all of the bad experiences they’ve had with trust us, we know what we are doing with the nuclear industry. These basement rocks are below the upper rocks that cover most of our world – below the sedimentary rocks and other formations that often are leaky and not very dense, those that host our drinking water aquifers, most of the oil and gas deposits and other things we think of when we think of the rocks beneath our feet.
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A Romney Administration would allow states to “establish processes to oversee the development and production of all forms of energy on federal lands within their borders” with the exception of lands “specially designated off-limits” (presumably national parks and the like). In treaties with both European powers and Indian tribes, the Federal government bought or was ceded land from the Appalachian Mountains on west.
Production will benefit the local economy, and any pollution that comes from drilling or mining will also be predominantly local. While New York prizes the quality of its water – much of which is pumped to New York City – Pennsylvania has taken the lead in developing its energy production – bringing new jobs and new revenues to the state. He currently serves as Senior Fellow for Energy and Climate Policy at the American Security Project, a non-partisan think tank based in Washington, DC.
My critiques are in response to Nye’s decision to use his celebrity status to publicly air his anti-nuclear energy beliefs.
In part, the amendment directs the Department of Energy to establish a “national innovation center” at which the government and private sector would jointly develop advanced technologies for nuclear reactors. But from that point on it became a snowball rolling down hill, a bandwagon to be jumped on.
Deciding to think critically is one thing, convincing others to think critically is easier said than done. The end will start to justify the means (the outcome excuses any wrongs committed to attain it) and on and on human nature goes. I’m guessing that he felt more comfortable returning to the scariest (outdated) arguments from his own youth that worked so well to convince him.
The wings on either side and the center tank under your feet are filled with a highly flammable fuel. For example, the landing gear and engines, which all attach to the wing box which also serves as a fuel tank, are designed to disconnect from the aircraft in the event of a crash should the loads become great enough to rip open the fuel tank. Fears of both longitudinal dangers to the environment and immediate disasters creating radioactive wastelands turned the public against this new technology. These studies generally do not show especially high Plutonium toxicity or Plutonium-induced cancer results, such as Albert Stevens who survived into old age after being injected with Plutonium. Trying to use the fact that dangerous chemicals are involved as an argument against nuclear energy is absurd.


There are many nuclear reactors around the planet similar to the one shown above that are not associated with a nuclear power plant. What the writer didn’t understand is that they disassembled a separate production reactor designed to make weapons grade Plutonium, not the commercial reactor that creates heat to make steam at their commercial nuclear power plant, which is incapable of making weapons grade Plutonium.
These were military nuclear weapons production reactors whose primary purpose was to produce weapons grade plutonium that were also collecting the waste heat from the reactor to produce steam to generate electricity rather than waste the energy by dumping it into the atmosphere as other military production reactors do. The probability that such a device would fail to achieve this threshold yield increases as the burnup value of the fuel increases.
While the isotopic content of reactor-grade plutonium, created by the most common commercial power reactor design, the pressurized water reactor, never directly being considered for weapons use. They may eventually end up with a bomb, but if so, certainly, their commercial nuclear power plant will have played no role in its creation. There is nothing anymore secretive about a commercial nuclear power plant than there is with a hydro-electric power plant with its armed guards or, say, a manufacturing facility of commercial airliners where employees like myself must wear identification at all times and most pass through gates with armed guards to get to work inside facilities surrounded by fences topped with barbed wire.
Bill continues to blame the irresponsible waste disposal by military programs , especially in the many decades before the EPA came into existence, on commercial power plants. You know, we all think of atoms and neutrons protons as particles, a really good model but you know, it’s like nature, and maybe they’re not really particles, that’s just how we think of them. There wouldn’t be that many had the world gotten its nuclear regulations act together soon enough to prevent India and Pakistan from getting them.
And I don’t know if you have ever heard of a fluidized bed which we use in coal plants, you turn coal into like flour it’s so fine and then they spray it out into a furnace that’s on fire all the time and this greatly increases the efficiency of coal fired power plants. This type of radiation does not escape into the environment and poses no health risks unless you decide to sit on one of them for too long.
Can I use the term “big problem?” I don’t think it’s appropriate to drop some other words here.
A single reactor core had a partial melt down requiring a harmless amount of radiation to be vented.
The smoke further dispersed radioactive particles into the air and surrounding soils downwind. A giant dredge scoops up the river sediment filled with heavy metals, dioxin, PCBs and on and on to dump on a barge that goes who knows where.
When one of those messed up, couple years ago in the Gulf of Mexico, in Deep Water Horizon, people were like totally freaked. Yucca Mountain is a tunnel in a ridge way up a hill, a big mountain, and you go over to the parking lot railing and there’s a, a stream down there a couple of hundred meters!
You might guess that a stream running through Yucca Mountain would be hard to miss by the planners and sure enough, a quick look at Google Earth confirms that there isn’t one. It’s been sitting in the parking lots of nuclear power plants without incident waiting for central storage for many decades. The commission made several recommendations on how this situation may be corrected.  In late 2013, a federal court ruled that the Department of Energy must stop collecting fees for nuclear waste disposal until provisions are made to collect nuclear waste. We’re going to do this with Yucca Mountain and you go out there and …dude, dude, this is never going to work. Federal agencies would certify state’s regulations as meeting an “adequate” level, but would leave most of the decisions to the states themselves. In 11 states, all in the West, the Federal Government claims ownership of more than 50% of the total land. What to do with that land was the subject of continued political battles throughout the 19th Centuries, starting with the land grants of the Northwest Ordinances and going through the Homestead Act and the Mining Act.
This would allow states to compete with each other for energy jobs – or a clean environment. However, it is not clear that there is enough oil available on federal lands just waiting to be released for production to meet the plan’s stated goal of achieving “North American Energy Independence.” Other than some areas like the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge on the North Slope of Alaska (which would require an act of Congress, that is not forthcoming, to open), there is not evidence of vast untapped resources on federal land.
In fact, like the Pope, they may be highly motivated not to apply critical thought to what they think.
Below is a screenshot I just took of the Google search results for Pandora’s Promise. For example, a typical politician may average a veracity score of about 3 out of 10 any time his or her lips move, a televangelist, maybe a 2 out of 10. In the above accident at San Francisco International, where the pilot was too low and hit a concrete sea wall with the tail section, both engines safely separated from the wing as they were designed to do. The scientific and governmental communities asked why public perception was against the use of nuclear energy when all the scientific experts were declaring how safe it really was. Airplane accidents kill far more people than nuclear energy ever has, yet it is the safest way to travel, just as nuclear is one of the safest ways to produce electricity. Can we manage the risk that terrorists will never gain control of another jet airliner and crash it into a skyscraper?
I only looked at the questions that seemed to prove nuclear power was dangerous” which Nye failed to mention for some reason. The dummies are representative of the mutant clones that were used by the evil nuclear empire to run the reactor : ). But at any rate, they used the term cross-section, but only about 0.7% of uranium has the right cross-section. So, you can spin this stuff in a centrifuge really fast and ah, the heavier stuff goes to the outside and if you are really skilled and careful you can get the lighter weight stuff, literally lighter weight, higher mass stuff closer to the middle. But it’s still that they are just burning coal, there’s no uranium hexafluoride, fuming nitric acid, and all this stuff. It’s lovely but there are a lot fewer people there than there are in other parts of the world.
Decommissioned commercial reactors are moth-balled until they cool off and are disassembled. Well, Hanford Washington is in the South-Eastern part of the state, is were they developed plutonium, and or invented or created the first plutonium and that’s where they made the hydrogen bomb which relies on fusion instead of fission like we have in the sun. He’s supposed to be talking about commercial nuclear energy, not military weapons programs. Compare that to Fukushima which had three cores completely melt in the midst of a magnitude 9 quake and 60 foot tsunami resulting in no fatalities, causing the temporary relocation of the equivalent of a few big ten universities …and another super fund site to clean up. Few people realize that the Chernobyl power plant continued to be staffed and produce electricity from its undamaged reactor for fourteen years after the accident.
Of the thousands of carcinogens in the world, one of the easiest to detect is radioactivity with a cheap Geiger counter. Used nuclear fuel from commercial reactors will remain accessible because of its potential to fuel the next generation of nuclear power.
The civil, mechanical, mining, electrical, geological, and chemical engineers employed by the contractors hired by the government to design and build the facility are not and never have been employed by the nuclear power or weapons industry. Romney would then encourage a “State Energy Development Council” that would allow states to share best practices and work together.
Today, the Department of the Interior regulates how land can be used and what it can be used for. It is important to note, however, that the emissions from the burning of fossil fuels is a national – even international – issue that should be regulated by the federal government, in cooperation with countries around the world. A recently released CBO report estimates that we would not see a vast windfall from new production if all lands were opened up.
Recall the scene from the Simpsons episode where Ned Flanders burns Homer’s airtight proof. One engine could be found a few hundred yards away, the other can be seen lying against the fuselage. The problem, from the perspectives of the experts, was a difference between scientific facts and an exaggerated public perception of the dangers.
You may have heard the expression, uranium 235 has 92 protons and all the rest are neutrons, but most of the uranium, the other 99.3% is uranium 238, three more protons, uh, three more neutrons. And then, there’s several other processes and you can enrich it from 0.7 percent of the good stuff up into the 80% good stuff. Look again at the picture of the decommissioned reactor above where you can walk in and take pictures. And the problem has been, the waste itself is trouble, I mean the radioactive stuff is trouble but there’s all these rubber gloves and booties and coveralls and all the stuff and all these solvents that were used to wash things and get them purified and stuff that are just buried in these casks and oil drums. What are the odds that a primitive culture arising from the ashes of ecological collapse would find a secret repository buried half a mile underground, and  if they did locate it, wouldn’t they quickly realize their mistake and rebury it? In reality, technically speaking, long term storage is actually relatively quite trivial, in large part because nuclear power generates so little waste. And it takes millions of years, if ever, for anything to get up to the surface from that depth in the Earth’s crust. This idea of Energy Federalism would allow states – the “laboratories of Democracy” in Justice Brandeis’ terminology – to test different regimes for energy production. While it is a good idea to devolve power back to the states, we should not expect a sudden burst to energy independence.
Of course, a lot of facts have to be left out because you only get 90 minutes in a documentary, which leaves it vulnerable to claims of deception by omission. And it seemed like when I live there, every week there was another news story out of Hanford. The nuclear waste deposits would be microscopic pin pricks relative to the surface area of an entire planet. The BLM also manages 700 million acres of sub-surface mineral rights, meaning that in many areas (again, mostly in the West), the owners of land above ground have no rights to the mineral or fossil-fuel rights below ground. However, I suspect that few of those missing facts would actually turn out to be factual, so the critics should be careful about what they ask for.  In addition, an anti-nuclear energy blogger at the Union of Concerned Scientists and Citizens attacked the film with a spittle-flecked fury when it was first released, providing  me the opportunity to apply some critical thought to his attack, which further vetted the film (other bloggers, like Dave Roberts, attacked the film without bothering to watch it, basing their attack on reviews they had read). Had the fuel tanks been ripped open and this fire reached jet fuel, the outcome would likely have been very different.
This particular accident resulted in three fatalities when there could have been hundreds in large part thanks to Boeing’s engineering design philosophy prioritizing safety.



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  3. Arshin_Mal_Vuran 30.06.2014 at 21:57:43
    Cold sores, they actually might help and licorice root contain.
  4. LEDI_PLAGIAT_HOSE 30.06.2014 at 21:33:55
    Sorts of human papilloma virus, that are the seeing $$$$ indicators since an expensive vaccine/treatment might make.
  5. wugi 30.06.2014 at 19:39:27
    Oral chilly sores and hold your heads up people ,my all components can use for.