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We read about their sumptuous lifestyles, latest loves and multimillion-dollar contracts in the celebrity pages and on gossip websites.
But Jiang Yilei, 29, has become a star virtually overnight in China - not from being snared by a big film studio, but thanks to the internet and social networking sites.
Jiang, widely known as Papi Jiang, previously was an unknown graduate student at the Central Academy of Drama.
She has attracted some 13.1 million followers on the Chinese microblogging site Sina Weibo over the past few months. Trying to make a name for oneself on the internet, either in China or elsewhere, is not exactly new. Online celebrities in China have far more opportunities than their overseas counterparts because of the sheer scale and diversity of Chinese sites in their many manifestations, whether it be e-commerce, social media or something else. When Chinese people used to think about online celebrity, by and large they pictured porcelain-faced young women, but now the idea has been stretched to take in any number of people who have a huge following on the internet, according to Da Shan, founder of Today's Online Celebrity, a WeChat public account devoted to analyzing China's online celebrity economy. Today's Online Celebrity recently published a report about the potential commercial value of such celebrities, measured by number of followers, and the influence and business model of the platforms on which they are active. The most eye-catching group of online celebrities - who have a whole sales and production team for goods they hawk to online fans as part of their business model - are those closely connected with China's e-commerce companies, such as Alibaba's Taobao.
In this case, you can forget the idea that a Little Miss Nobody working alone, crouched over an old computer in a shed in a village, is behind all this. The woman that is the face of the operation usually also deals with an incubator or agencies that connect her with manufacturers, suppliers and advertising agencies and guide her in maintaining, or if need be changing, her image so as to keep followers loyal, says Yang Ping, general manager of an incubator of online celebrities in Hangzhou. Fang Qihe, a blogger and Taobao shop owner in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, is one of those who puts on stylish garb, takes photos of herself and posts them online. In the apparel industry in China, online celebrities are responsible for sales worth 100 billion yuan a year, according to Guotai Junan Securities. Another large group of online celebrities consists of those who perform on live streaming sites. The Ministry of Culture says about 200 million people in China use online live streaming, and that at the busiest times 3,000 to 4,000 rooms are streaming simultaneously, with a combined viewership of between 2 million and 3 million.
Others who are cashing in on online fame include many who do not show their face, but provide entertainment or information in the form of novels and other written content, astrological advice, cartoons or stock market analyses. The many ways online stars can cash in show that the online celebrity economy has begun to run in a more cohesive, organized and professional way, the emerging online celebrity incubators and agencies say. Moreover, as online celebrity becomes more mainstream, those who have gained fame in more conventional ways are increasingly turning to social media to keep in contact with their fans, and they, too, are beginning to develop online personalities.
More than 10 million viewers watched a live-streamed online games contest featuring musician, record producer, director and actor Jay Chou, who is famous throughout Asia, and controversial figure Wang Sicong, known for buying his dog two gold Apple Watches. Given the size, reach and pace of change in the industry, authorities overseeing it are struggling to keep up. The Ministry of Culture has ordered more than 12 live streaming sites to make changes to comply with regulations.
The desire by online celebrities to milk their fame to the fullest may be because a cyberstar's shelf life seems to be relatively short.
Yang Ping, general manager of a Hangzhou incubator, says that as competition between online celebrities heats up, the critical thing will continue to be the quality of content.
Da says: "Online celebrities are usually highly attractive physically, but that's not enough.
Even for Papi Jiang - as commenters note that "aesthetic fatigue" for her videos is starting to creep in - finding a workable business model and sustainable popularity will still remain a question, he says. Sitting at a computer, turning on the camera and clicking on the microphone, 22-year-old Xia Keke smiles, chats, sings and sometimes stands up and dances inside a pink room filled with dolls.
Born into a conventional, white-collar family in Jinan, Shandong province - her mother is a judge and her father an engineer - Xia says she has been learning singing and dancing since childhood.
After high school, she became a flight attendant, but her hobby of playing online games made her want to do live broadcasts of such games. Xia says that she likes to project her own personality on live broadcasts, and she also makes fun of herself and cracks jokes, to get closer to her audience. She says although many people think the career of a live online broadcast host must be very short, she disagrees and has just signed a four-year contract. Xia recently had to have surgery to treat a vocal cord tumor, and had to stop broadcasting for more than a month. A Tencent report of online celebrities says many incubators are now in operation, and the number is growing quickly.
Although no specific figures are available yet about how many incubators there are in China, Yang Ping, general manager of Hangzhou Online Celebrities E-Commerce Co, says growth of online celebrity incubators in the past few months has been explosive, and she can feel the competition getting fiercer. Yang set up the incubator in June and has signed six online celebrities, most of whom are young, attractive women. Ruhan E-commerce Ltd, one of the biggest incubators, in July 2014 signed its first online celebrity - the model Zhang Dayi - and helped Zhang manage her first Taobao online shop. A report by Guotai Junan Securities shows that, among Ruhan's online celebrities, about 50 have online shops, and by the end of 2016 the number of shops will reach more than 100. Feng Min, founder of Ruhan, says three qualifications are needed for online celebrities: being a leader or specializing in one area, having the desire and passion to share with others, and knowing how to interact well with clients and followers. He says there are three primary services that incubators provide to celebrities: first, discovering, researching and cultivating people who have expertise in a certain area, and to help them showcase the best of their expertise and talent to make them famous, and help them stay that way. Yang says before she started the incubator, she worked in the international clothing trade and in factories.
She also is in contact with potential online celebrities overseas, and is trying to cultivate a crop from the US, Thailand, Japan and South Korea. The drought-tolerant crop could replace teff as an ingredient in injera, the traditional Ethiopian dish that is eaten daily in virtually every home. Test plantings of the millet in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Region - one of the nine ethnic regions of Ethiopia - have so far proved to be successful, the academy says. Peng Dajun, deputy general manager of CGCOC, which is a subsidiary of a large, state-owned Chinese enterprise, says foxtail millet has an annual output of more than 7 metric tons a hectare - about 5 tons more than teff. Several crops can be fermented to make injera, but he says dishes made using foxtail millet taste just like those including teff. Last year, Ethiopia was hit by its worst drought in decades, leaving 8.2 million people in need of emergency food aid, according to media reports. Peng says if foxtail millet had been planted widely in Ethiopia, the famine may have been avoided due to its strong drought tolerance. Zhao Zhihai, chief agronomist at the academy, says cooperation with CGCOC can be complementary. Peng adds that CGCOC can mobilize more funds than research institutes and have a better understanding of government policies in Africa. The two partners have established a millet research center in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, where Peng aims to make a breakthrough in solving Africa's food security issues. Zhao adds that they are also working on new species and advising enterprises on how to build up a complete industry chain for the crops they develop.
David Gann says developing smart cities in China is of great significance as rural to urban migration continues in the country. The professor of innovation and technology management at Imperial College London says the growth of new cities in China, coupled with the increasing density of population, requires Chinese cities to be "smart", such as making data more available, as in the Smart London plan.
David Gann says the growth of new cities in China, coupled with the increasing density of population, requires Chinese cities to be "smart". Given that urban dwellers can be more vulnerable to risks such as contagious diseases and severe pollution, Gann says the livability of densely packed cities requires good physical and data infrastructure. According to Gann, "the smart city is about using digital technology to harness data to improve the way in which the city is operating, but it could mean different things in different places". He says some of the things that London does can be a bit different from what cities in China do. Gann, the chairman of the Smart London board, says the concept of Smart London originally stemmed from the successful management of the London 2012 Summer Olympics, where a swath of data was used to support the delivery of the Games. London was able to provide support digitally for people's experience during the Games in 2012, and as a direct result the decision was taken to create a Smart London board and Gann was asked to be chairman by then-London mayor Boris Johnson. Gann thinks it was his expertise in digital technology, along with its application and use in business and government, plus Imperial College's top reputation in science and technology in Europe, that led to his selection for the job.
To make the capital function better, Gann says London has put data utilization at its core to help the city manage its transport, social, economic and environmental systems. Thanks to contributions from a mix of academics, businesspeople and administrators, the Smart London plan was published in December 2013, to use the creative power of data and technology to improve the lives of Londoners, the experience of visitors, and the conditions for doing business. Since the birth of the plan, there have been huge improvements in some areas, says Gann, adding that one of the key contributors is the London Datastore, a data-sharing portal.
A report published in March, entitled The Future of Smart, documented the board's progress in advising, developing and promoting the use of digital infrastructure and data in London.
Because the London Datastore has been such a powerful piece of infrastructure and is a web portal into information about how London operates, he believes it is liberating, and one of his strong recommendations for China is to make data open. Also, because the use of scientists and the links between academics, business and government have worked well in London, Gann says China could benefit by encouraging more collaborative efforts from various parties, including researchers, the government and industry. China could do more with startup entrepreneurs, says Gann, who has lots of experience mentoring startups, supporting rapidly growing tech businesses and developing long-term strategic partnerships with multinational technology corporations. Gann says companies like Huawei, which is also a member of the Smart London Board, can play an important role in helping develop smart cities in China.
He says he thinks there are plenty of avenues for Huawei to continue to develop in those areas but also probably in developing new services and understanding how infrastructure is used to optimize its use. One of the challenges for Huawei, Gann says, is determining what sort of platform would really deliver in the long term. COVERED IN DULL OLIVE GREEN SYNTHETIC RAFFIA, BOUND BY GRAY STRINGS, the almost square book seems modestly unadorned.
The book, made by the bookshop owner, Lyu Chonghua, designed by Li Jin and published by Guangxi Fine Arts Publishing House, won the Gold Medal in the Most Beautiful Book in the World competition in Leipzig, Germany, in February.
The 200-square-meter shop, beside the gate of the academy, is jam packed with 20,000 books and other items related to the arts, gorgeous calligraphy model books, plaster statues and row upon row of neatly stored brushes.
Li, 44, looks smart and elegant, wearing a dark cotton gown, her long black hair in a bun held together by a hairpin. She was a classmate of Lyu at the Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts, where the pair studied graphic design, more than 20 years ago. Publishers use it to protect books while they are being transported because such wrapping is cheap but durable.
Lyu dipped into his own savings to produce the book, spending more than 200,000 yuan ($30,600) on the first and second print runs of 7,500 copies, which quickly sold out after the book won the award in Leipzig, paving the way for a third printing, which is due out soon. His mother, Ma Xiulian, who founded the family book business, rejected his plans for what eventually became an award winner as a waste of money.
In January 2010 at the Beijing Book Fair Lyu met Zhang Dong, then vice editor-in-chief of Guangxi Fine Arts Publishing House.
So he drew a caricature of himself as a signature in the bottom right corner of each order. On average, he drew three to four orders a day and over the next 10 years, before fax was largely supplanted by e-mail, he built up a stack of more than 10,000 orders.
After returning to Xi'an from the Beijing Book Fair in 2010, Lyu started preparing the book. However, beyond that cheery optimism for the family business, Lyu is well acquainted with the tough times the book industry is going through and appreciates that in fact the family business may be much closer to its end than its beginning. The family started the book business in 1982 soon after Ma Xiulian arrived in Xi'an with her two sons, Lyu and his older brother Lyu Qinbing, to be with her husband, Lyu Anwei, who was a lowly paid teacher of scenography at the Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts.
At first they sold books about the arts, with their wares spread out on the ground, around universities, and business was brisk. In 1984 they sold 250 of the 5,000 sets of the first print of the Complete Collection of Shakespeare and 600 of the 4,900 copies of the first print of Sigmund Freud's A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis. The following year the family rented a shop of less than 20 square meters next to the Xi'an Conservatory of Music and later moved to its current location in Jixiangcun, where the poet Li Bai of the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907) is said to have once lived, and it expanded to the current size. After leaving high school in 1991, Lyu joined in running the business and in 1996, after he graduated from the Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts, Li, by then 25, decided to take over the business from his father.
With its intimate acquaintance with the arts the family has the kind of credentials that make it a natural for running the business they have, Lyu's father and his wife Liang Bing both having studied oil painting, and Lyu himself having studied graphic design. The annual rent is 450,000 yuan, which means the shop needs takings of more than 1,200 yuan a day just to pay the rent. As with many other bookshops in China, Fangyuan started to feel the pinch when e-commerce began to take off in the country, but the most immediate cause for the Xi'an store's woes comes down to bricks and mortar rather than the ether of cyberspace.
There is no doubt, either, that e-books have eaten into the profits of those who sell printed books. You can look at pictures of any place on Earth on your computer, he says, but that is totally different to seeing the world for yourself.
In late June 2010 Shaanxi Library hosted an exhibition called The Most Beautiful Books from Germany. Li, teaching book design at the university, took a ruler, a notebook and a pen to study the books. Later in summer, after Ma left home to visit her mother, she needed to return home to look after her oldest son, who was ill. The shop had had 10,000 orders, many of them similar, and including all would have made the book tedious, so they picked more than 2,000 and put the most representative ones in the main part of the book and the others were made into four flip books on the left side.
In order to include more material, those Li believes are minor stories, they printed more private information on the left-hand pages that are closed at the front by the fold. They used relatively thin paper so that the content on the left-hand pages appears on the front, like hazy memories. The Leipzig judges said the printed left-hand pages "serve up the additional content like an unopened fruit. The extraordinary exploits of adventurer William Mesny are recounted in a new biography that fizzes with lively characters and provides a valuable insight into life during the last decades of the Qing Dynasty. One morning in 1998, David Leffman awoke to find himself with a desert-dry throat, a thumping hangover and a notebook littered with jottings about an uprising in the 1860s that resulted in the deaths of 3 million people. Although the hangover eventually subsided, the scribbled notes Leffman had taken during a three-day "Sisters Meal", courtesy of the Miao ethnic group in the southwestern province of Guizhou, were so intriguing he couldn't get them out of his mind. That weekend signaled the start of a 15-year obsession with William Mesny, a British adventurer who arrived in China as a penniless sailor in 1860 and rose to the rank of general in the Imperial Army of the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911), before dying as he had arrived, almost broke, in Shanghai in 1919. The upshot of that decade and a half of travel and research is Leffman's recently published biography of Mesny, The Mercenary Mandarin: How a British Adventurer Became a General in Qing-Dynasty China, a story packed with stirring tales of derring-do and larger-than-life characters, deftly interwoven with the events that drove the times. Mesny, a native of Jersey in the Channel Islands, led a full and dangerous life in China, plying many trades - gunrunner, jailer, newspaper columnist, government official, soldier, artillery expert, bridge designer, author and historian, to name just a few - before donning his general's uniform. He spoke fluent Chinese, advocated the modernization of all areas of society and, unusually for a Westerner at the time, had several close Chinese friends and seems to have been genuinely untainted by notions of superiority. Indeed, both Mesny and his brother John, an officer in the Chinese customs, married Chinese women - William twice, at different times, of course - and raised families with them. His life and travels were so remarkable, and well-publicized at the time, that it's surprising to learn that The Mercenary Mandarin is the first full biography of Mesny, although Leffman expresses great admiration for Keith Stevens' 100-page A Jersey Adventurer in China, published by the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society in 1992. In Leffman's hands, Mesny emerges as a Zelig-like character; someone who was always - at least in his own accounts of events - in the thick of the action, whenever and wherever it occurred. On the positive side he was ingenious, industrious, generous, resourceful, courageous and honest. Sadly for Mesny, those attributes were often overshadowed by less admirable qualities, such as impulsiveness, a desire to stand on his dignity and an almost childlike naivety.
The first official reference to Mesny comes in 1860 in an Australian newspaper report relating how the 18-year-old sailor was fined for an unprovoked attack that left the bosun of his ship nursing several bruised ribs. That first visit, made as the country moved forward with the reform and opening-up policy, was hard work because Leffman spoke no Chinese and only had a vague plan of action.
Following his brother's arrival in Beijing, the two set out to visit the capital's major tourist sites. The brothers' constant presence obviously perplexed Michael, who paid Leffman "a huge compliment by complaining loudly to his entourage of photographers that I didn't look like a Wham fan". A few years later, as a fledgling author for the Rough Guides travel series, he used his photojournalism experience in China to successfully lobby the editors to send him to write about the southwest of the country. In addition to China, Leffman, who lived in Queensland for 20 years and holds dual British-Australian nationality, has written guidebooks about many countries and regions, including Iceland, Australia, Indonesia, Hong Kong and Macao, and has even ghosted a cookbook for a Chinese author. He estimates that he has visited China more than 15 times since that first trip, often in the company of his wife, and spending about three years in total, traveling, observing, learning and writing about a country that has fascinated him during the 30 years since he and I first met. Usually, each visit lasted six months, occasionally broken into two blocks, but the longest was nine months.
To ensure that they would be able to communicate with their interviewees, Leffman and his wife signed up for intensive Chinese courses; first at London University's School of Oriental and African Studies and later at Sichuan University in Chengdu. Although it took many years to research and recount Mesny's life, including retracing his steps as far as possible to visit cities, battlefields and other places of interest, Leffman rarely felt overwhelmed or despaired that he might not finish writing The Mercenary Mandarin.
That affection for Guizhou, and indeed most things Chinese, is highlighted in The Mercenary Mandarin by the use of Mesny's own words, culled from thousands of items, including newspaper reports and articles, published collectively as Mesny's Chinese Miscellany. At four volumes and running to a mammoth 2,000 pages and about 1 million words, the Miscellany contains Mesny's thoughts on just about anything and everything connected with life in China: politics, food, social mores, ailments and treatments, the standing of the army, the price of rice and, increasingly, his own perilous financial situation.
Everything, it seems, was grist to his mill, and although Mesny rewrote previously published articles to bring his own role to the fore, the collection remains a valuable and fascinating window into life in China during the last decades of the Qing Dynasty. His own odyssey allowed Leffman to retrace Mesny's seemingly endless treks, visiting the places he fought or lived, and interviewing direct descendents of many of his friends and colleagues. He also set great store in the Miscellany as a source of information about his subject's opinions of the people and events he encountered during nearly 60 years in the country. As Leffman points out in the introduction to The Mercenary Mandarin, the Miscellany, written in the flowery English of the time, is an extraordinary piece of work, given that Mesny left school at age 8 and his English was initially poor.
The "Slash Generation" are leading double lives as they experience the thrill of different identities. At their normal workplace they are, say, a teacher from 9 to 5, from 6 to 7 they may be an online flower arranger and from 8 to 10 they could be a film reviewer. But it is important to note that money or monetary rewards, for the "Slash Generation" or the "Slashes", are not their driving force.
Alboher pointed out that "slashing has also taken hold overseas" and some living on the other side of the planet are discovering how punctuated careers can integrate and satisfy multiple passions, talents and interests that a single career may be unable to match.
Six jobs don't bother him, Cheng told China Daily, as they are "interconnected" by facilitating people-to-people exchanges between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland. In a maker-space in Beijing, Cheng worked as a project manager to help Taiwan entrepreneurs through consulting and financial investment.
But there are only so many hours in a day and living a full professional life can have consequences in the private sphere.
Upon graduating from the University of the Arts, London, in 2011, Kang became a user interface designer of a government website in 2013 and a tutor in an art education training center that year. Adding a slash to his career by necessity, not by choice, Kang said doing only what he likes does not pay the bills in a major city like Beijing.
Art and design may seem as if they are from the same stable but actually they are incompatible with each other, Kang said. Kang is confident that he will make the breakthrough in the visual arts, but he is also aware that his company may demand that he becomes "slashless" to give them more of his energy.
Liu Xuezhi, vice-president of the Chinese Academy of Personnel Science said that the Slash Generation could set a trend as the Internet had made it possible for people to satisfy their creative yearnings.
From the employment perspective, Liu said of course there are companies looking for full-time specialists to focus on only one area, but there are also a number of bosses who want to hire members of the Slash Generation both for their creativity and because it can help "slash" costs. Students at Shanghai's Jinshajiang Road Primary School hone their skills, especially dribbling, tackling and shooting, every day in intense workouts after school under the guidance of Spanish coach Jose Luis Iglesias. A rapidly developing tactical awareness is evident, as players get into position and run off the ball. Ray Sports is rolling out a program in cooperation with Shanghai's municipal education authority to help improve the city's junior soccer training program with European expertise offered by 10 foreign coaches it hired, including the 24-year-old Iglesias. Having adapted to life in Shanghai, Iglesias now trains students from grade one to five for two and a half hours after school from Monday to Friday, while coaching the school team at regional tournaments on weekends. As China aims to develop into a soccer power, highlighted in a long-term plan announced earlier last month, an increasing number of youth promotion programs and junior camps, featuring foreign coaches, have been organized by governmental departments, social organizations and private companies.
Inspired by President Xi Jinping, an avid soccer fan, the government approved a national plan in March aimed at transforming the country into a dominant soccer power in Asia by 2030 and a leading world competitor two decades later.
One of the keystones of the plan is to encourage more children to participate in the game in a joint effort of cooperation between the Chinese Football Association and the Ministry of Education. Wang Dengfeng, director of the ministry's PE, health and art department, envisions a surge in student interest in the game as well as the training programs. In accordance with the national outline, the ministry, in cooperation with the CFA, has set a goal to increase the number of schools specializing in soccer from more than 8,000 to 20,000, encouraging more than 30 million primary and secondary school students to practice regularly and training 5,000 school soccer instructors by 2020.
A four-tier school league system is currently operated by the Ministry of Education with more than 100,000 inter-school matches played last year, involving 2.7 million students. Still, the lack of training expertise as well as facilities have been a pressing issue, and this needs more investment from both local governments and the private sector, said youth training expert Jin Zhiyang. To raise soccer's profile in the country, 16 clubs from the Chinese Super League, the top-flight competition in the country, spent a staggering $373 million during the most recent transfer window to purchase high-profile overseas players for the 2016 season. In contrast, the average governmental funding for each school registered in the four-tier system is less than 10,000 yuan ($1,539) for all expenses, while more than 10,000 students currently have to share, on average, a playing area of half a soccer field, according to CFA. The lack of public funding has opened business opportunities for companies such as Ray Sports and Sport 8 International to introduce foreign resources.
Sport 8, a Beijing-based company offering online-to-offline soccer education and training programs for local coaches, has been cooperating with Pan-China Sports, a sports infrastructure developer, to build and manage 300 soccer pitches in Beijing, according to Sport 8 co-founder Bai Qiang.
Featuring the advanced Dutch youth training know-how that has produced an abundant supply of stars, including Sneijder and his fellow countryman Arjen Robben, Sport 8's training program, which is conducted by a foreign training crew from the Netherlands, has reached out to more than 70 Chinese cities, instructing about 15,000 local PE teachers. The after-school training provided by private companies and NGOs will serve as a supplement to the governmental effort, said Bai. Students undergo training at the No 2 Experimental Primary School in Wenxian county, Henan province, in April. The professor of marketing and innovation at Britain's Warwick Business School says brands of the power and reach of Apple give companies breathing space to do research and development. Wang, who was speaking at the Kerry Hotel in Beijing on one of her many annual visits to her native China, says the lack of global brands, not just in technology but in almost every sphere, was a real problem for the world's second-largest economy. She cites that there were no Chinese brands in the Interbrand top 100 best global brands survey in 2015. She believes the lack of brands is undermining the country's technological efforts and achievements even though it overtook the United States and Japan as the world's largest filer of patents in 2012. The major question though is how far China - once light years behind at the time of reform and opening up in the late 1970s - has to go in catching up with the West in terms of technology. Her father was branded a "landlord" and lost his job at the height of the "cultural revolution (1966-76)", which meant the family was sent to the remote southwest Chinese province of Yunnan to a labor camp for intellectuals.
When the universities reopened in 1978 she was accepted by Xi'an University of Technology at just 16 to study engineering. She then went on to study management science at Tianjin University before being accepted on scholarship under a technology cooperation scheme between the British Council and the Chinese government to study in the UK. So in 1988, she arrived at Warwick University to study for a doctorate in marketing and has lived in the UK ever since. She went on to teach at John Moores University in Liverpool and after a spell at Sussex university in Brighton went back to Warwick University, where her specialization is a combination of marketing and innovation.
Along with others such as Peter Williamson at Judge Business School at Cambridge University, she is pre-eminent in combining these two disciplines. Wang, who is engaging but with a steely determination, also specializes in Chinese marketing on the advice of Robin Wensley, the former dean of Warwick Business School. She says that it was a new subject in China because in the 1970s there wasn't even a word for it. Wang has been quite evangelical in trying to get across the message in China itself that brands and marketing are important. She says when China first began to rapidly develop, many Chinese companies found their brands were killed almost at birth by Western companies. Wang, who has held a number of posts at Chinese universities, including Sun Yat-sen, Tongji and Tsinghua, says the problem many Chinese brands face today is the negative association attached with being from China. She, however, believes Chinese companies such as Alibaba, Tencent and Huawei have made huge strides. Chinese infrastructure companies are also moving from markets such as Africa, where they are now well established, to Europe to be involved in major projects such as HS2. Every morning, Lu Shaojie parks her car beside a gravestone shaded by trees on the slope of Cuiwei Mountain in western Beijing, before going to work as a tour guide at Fahai Temple, just a few hundred meters to the northeast.
A copperplate printing of Da Bao En Temple in Nanjing, made by missionary artists in the 19th century. Apart from that, the only fact known for sure about Li is that he was a prominent eunuch of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Ever since Zheng's story was spread more widely in the early 20th century, the mystique of the seafarer has been perpetuated partly by his being a eunuch of the Ming court.
According to Zheng Zihai, a descendent of Zheng He, his ancestor was Li's colleague for nearly 30 years.
Whether the friendship was due to mutual fondness or political convenience remains unknown.
In 1956, a gilt bronze miniature tower was unearthed in the underground chamber of the temple tower. And for those who have read about the evils of the Ming eunuchs, spending a few minutes inside the dark main hall of Fahai Temple, where the frescoes are housed, may open another window. During the reign of Qianlong (1735-95), it became customary for European nations to send clocks to the palace, either as gifts or on request. Wang says he has passed on his skills, which are listed as national intangible cultural heritage, to his 24-year-old son. As anticipated, the new leader of Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen resorted to rhetorical ambiguity in her inauguration speech.
She harped on the same old string of neither crossing the mainland's red line, nor endorsing the 1992 Consensus on one China. As she had done on multiple previous occasions, she pledged her administration will strive to preserve peace and stability in cross-Straits ties, as well as the existing mechanisms of dialogue and communication.
She wants all the benefits cross-Straits rapport has brought to Taiwan, but without acknowledging what made that possible.
Both the mainland and the previous administration in Taiwan led by Ma Ying-jeou agreed on the 1992 Consensus, which established the political bedrock for the good momentum in cross-Straits ties over the last eight years by highlighting the one China principle. She said she respects the historical fact that the two sides talked and reached a number of agreements in 1992, and said her administration will handle cross-Straits ties in accordance with the "Constitution of the Republic of China", the "Regulations on Relations between People in the Taiwan and Mainland Areas" and other relevant laws. Which on the surface at least sounds fine, because the "regulations" contain a mention of "national unification". Nor does Tsai's vow to abide by the island's "Constitution" qualify as a tacit nod to one China, for it does not have a specific definition of the territory of the "Republic of China". It should not be forgotten that Tsai was believed to be a main contributor to previous Taiwan leader Lee Teng-hui's definition of cross-Straits ties as "state-to-state". During her 2012 bid for the Taiwan leadership, Tsai again threw out the core slogan of "two states", saying "The Republic of China is Taiwan, Taiwan is the Republic of China".
Tsai has even taken a step back from what her Democratic Progressive Party predecessor Chen Shui-bian said in his inaugural speech in 2000. Despite Chen's capricious antics during his years in office, that speech did give some predictability to cross-Straits ties under a leader from the DPP.
Her inaugural speech, however, was a sign that the relationship may be anything but predictable in the years to come.
Just as the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council in Beijing commented on Friday, what Tsai presented was an "unfinished answer sheet". In the long shadow of her and her party's denial of one China, Tsai has plenty to do to make sure the hard-earned goodwill between the two sides does not evaporate overnight and trigger more uncertainties. Saturday marks the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Pakistan and China. While the leaders have changed in Beijing and Islamabad over the decades, the bonds of friendship and brotherhood have remained strong and the two countries have always stood shoulder to shoulder. We have walked together for 65 years now, and we see 2016 as another promising year for the mutual prosperity and development of our two countries. With the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence introduced by late Premier Zhou Enlai, China has followed a foreign policy that has earned the respect of the world.
President Xi Jinping's Belt and Road Initiative is central to peaceful and prosperous regional integration.
The Belt and Road Initiative, the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, has all the attributes of binding many geographical regions into a well-knit robust economic block.
History bears witness to the fact that economic partnerships have turned rivals and foes into friends and partners. China and Pakistan are resolved like never before to work together to "achieve a community of shared destiny" as envisaged by Xi and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Police officers are entitled to use force when they or members of the public are under threat. In other words, the police's countermeasures should be proportional to the issues they intend to solve.
In the first place, the police officer who kicked the man, who had already submitted himself to police control, infringed upon the man's legal rights and violated police regulations.
The two college students had the right as citizens to supervise the police law enforcement process. The officers had no justification for restricting the two students' freedom and taking them to the police station by force, where the violence inflicted on them was predictable. The statement of the superior public security authority in the city indicates it did not know about the case until the photos appeared online. The question is whether the public security system's self-monitoring and self-discipline mechanisms can function well when they are needed, no other police officers intervened to stop the physical punishment meted out to the students. That is not to deny, the police don't contribute to maintaining social stability and protecting public security. How deeply embedded is the old evil of "favoring a son over a daughter" in some people's minds? She is an excellent employee in the human resources department in her company and gets quite a good salary. The show has been a huge success, with viewers nationwide discussing how they would help her.
Search "favoring sons over daughters" online and you find as many as 10,000 cases like Fan's.


The topics "how to help Fan" and "families like Fan's" have been among the hottest topics discussed on social media recently.
During the Spring Festival this year, reporters from China Central Television conducted a survey in Northwest China's Shaanxi province, and found that most parents ask for gift money of over 100,000 yuan ($15,333) from those who wish to marry their daughters. And sad to say, the girls that are exploited by their parents belong to a "luckier" group, because they at least survived gender selection. Though the gap in the gender ratio has fallen a little in the past several years, the ratio remains 1.13, which is much higher than the natural ratio would be. Even today, when the high male-female ratio becomes a serious social problem, media outlets and officials ask: "What to do when so many men cannot find wives?" They might not realize it, but they worry about the lack of females while some do not care for females at all. The Pentagon has once again pointed accusing fingers at China, this time for what it claims was an "unsafe" intercept of one of its spy planes by two Chinese fighters over the South China Sea on Tuesday. The US has again defended its innocence by stressing the spy plane was flying in international airspace.
Because the two militaries have agreed upon a code of conduct to control risks and to deal with unplanned encounters at sea and in the air, the event will probably end up as just another footnote in the history of the perennial cat-and-mouse game on China's doorstep. Reports indicate the US conducts more than 1,000 spying missions close to China's borders each year, more than the annual number of spying missions it conducted against the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Yet it insists it is the wronged party and that it has no intentions of trying to contain a rising China. US saber rattling in the South China Sea has intensified in recent years, particularly after Washington announced its "rebalancing to the Asia-Pacific". Thanks to its military and economic supremacy, the US has assumed the role of rule-setter worldwide. While more communication is needed between the two militaries to ensure that their militaries' air and sea encounters are safe, the safest bet for regional peace and stability is the US reduces, minimizes and finally ends its flagrant spying on China.
To peep into other's courtyard uninvited is at best impolite; to criticize the host for objecting to such behavior compounds the injury. In a recent clarification to domestic and foreign media on its stance on the case submitted by the Philippines to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague on its territorial dispute with China in the South China Sea, China's Foreign Ministry emphasized that the court has no power of jurisdiction over what is fundamentally a sovereignty case and its ruling has no legal force. China News Weekly and National Interest recently published a co-signed article by Fu Ying, a senior official in China's top legislature, and Wu Shicun, an expert on South China Sea studies, which pointed out the various provocative moves made by the United States under the pretext of stopping "China's expansion" have only spurred China's stronger determination to safeguard its national interests. While the US with its ingrained "exceptionalism" defies the constraints of international rules, it demands other countries accept these rules. Under the universally recognized "sovereignty exclusion" principle, China has the right to refuse the Hague court's arbitration. Despite the ray of hope offered by a change of Philippine president, whether or not Rodrigo Duterte will be able to extricate his country from the influence of the US when he takes office remains to be seen.
Particularly, how to tackle the South China Sea dispute from a Philippine perspective rather than from the perspective of coordinating with the US' "rebalancing to the Asia-Pacific" strategy will put the political wisdom and capability of the new Philippine leader to the test. A MAN WAS seen continuously beating a 10-year-old boy in a street in Jiulongpo district, Chongqing, in southwestern China.
Before they knew the boy was the man's son, some bystanders tried to stop the man hitting the boy. Domestic violence harms minors physically and mentally and damages the dignity of a family, especially as it is women and children who are the victims.
On March 1, the Law on Domestic Violence came into effect, it not only gives government agencies above the county level the right to intervene to protect women and children; it also extends special protection to the victims.
The law is designed to protect the rights of women and children within the family, and to prevent domestic violence from being tacitly condoned by being considered an internal family problem rather than a social issue.
STUDENTS AT A PRIMARY SCHOOL in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian province, were reportedly required to clean the school toilets to "help them nurture good habits".
For some of the pupils and their parents, who strongly opposed the idea of their children cleaning the school's toilets, the school is supposed to provide students with a proper education, not the opportunity to be school cleaners.
But they fail to see the benefits of youngsters collectively doing such chores, which have great potential to instill in teenagers a sense of responsibility and a do-it-yourself mentality.
In fact, parents, schools, and society as a whole, play an equally important role in developing the character of youngsters. In recent years, parents tend to make mountains out of molehills when it comes to non-academic activities in schools. As a result, many elementary schools, especially those in big cities, do not allow students to take part in outdoor activities during breaks, fearing that they might get hurt. What the primary school in Fuzhou is doing to enrich the students' in-school experience, as well as their efforts to carry forward the practice when challenged by a number of parents, are therefore praiseworthy. The kids who are "required" to clean the school toilets and their parents will thank the school later for teaching them the spirit of rules and teamwork. AFTER SHANGHAI Disneyland Resort began its trial opening on May 7, some of the visitors complained online about the high food prices inside the theme park.
Beijing Youth Daily holds a different view and said the resort will have to adjust its food prices in order to welcome more low- and middle-income visitors. Market-oriented reforms over the past 38 years have created an economic miracle for China, but they have also left many vulnerable groups behind. The solution is rooting out corruption and making the market fairer, while providing ample social welfare to the vulnerable. Brexit supporters claim that Britain could strike its own special deal with the EU, cherry picking the provisions it likes. The author, a former economic adviser to the president of the European Commission, is a visiting senior fellow at the London School of Economics' European Institute and the author of European Spring: Why Our Economies and Politics are in a Mess - and How to Put Them Right. However, the bottleneck in China's domestic tourism market is now none other than its "inadequate, dirty and chaotic" toilets. That was why, the CNTA launched a nationwide three year "Tourism Toilet Revolution" in January 2015, with the goal of building and reconstructing 57,000 public toilets by the end of 2017. There is no doubt the Chinese government has the capability to deliver any ambitious infrastructure commitment quickly. That could be remedied by following the "ABC" rule, namely architecture, behavior and cleaning.
First of all, public toilets have to be user-friendly to a wide variety of people of both genders, from mothers with babies to kids and adults, as well as the elderly and disabled. Clean toilets also require the professionalization of cleaners, facility managers, and owners. The ancient Chinese had a culture of recycling excreta into fertilizers and this practice created plenty of toilet designs that facilitated the manual collection of excreta especially in rural areas even today. Now, with the past 30 years of rapid economic growth, Chinese people enjoy quality lifestyles in almost every aspect. Jack Sim is founder of the World Toilet Organization and visiting fellow at the Institute of Water Policy from the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore. London black cab drivers are famous for learning "the knowledge" so that they can prove they know how to take a passenger the quickest route from A to B and, of course, their taxi vehicles are expensive to buy but very spacious, reliable and fit for the purpose. There have always been some alternatives to licensed cabs such as pre-booked airport pick-up services but such companies cannot legally "ply for hire" in the street. For some visitors it seems to have increased the number of taxis with green lights on display that speed by rather than stopping because they are responding to an app booking. Clearly there is still work to be done to establish the long term role of this game changer. The author is an economist and director of China Programs at CAPA - The Global Education Network, which cooperates with East China Normal University in Shanghai.
With the US government now refusing to engage directly with the DPRK, Trump's words have made major headlines in the United States.
China's Foreign Ministry has generally remained cool in the face of the frequent outrageous rhetoric regarding China by US presidential candidates. China has been long pushing for a direct engagement between Washington and Pyongyang to defuse the growing tension on the Korean Peninsula. In February, State Department spokesman John Kirby confirmed that the US rejected the DPRK's proposal to discuss a peace treaty to replace the 1953 Armistice agreement, citing the DPRK's lack of sincerity in dropping its nuclear program. Instead, the US has increasingly relied on economic sanctions and shows of force, such as its frequent military drills with the Republic of Korea aimed at the DPRK, something that further justifies the DPRK's concerns for its own national security.
Such a US approach, however, has repeatedly proved to be a failure, with the DPRK continuing its nuclear and missile program despite the continued US pressure and threat. Yet the failure of its approach has not made the US try some thing new, such as offering the DPRK security assurance by replacing the armistice with a peace treaty. In his 2010 book How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace, Charles Kupchan, a former US government official now a Georgetown University professor, argues that diplomatic engagement with a rival is crucial to rapprochement between adversaries. NASA Administrator Charles Bolden noted in a seminar at the Brookings Institution on May 9 that if you want bad people to become good people, you've got to engage them. That is how China and the US have been dealing with each other since July, 1971, following Henry Kissinger's secret trip to Beijing. Still, given the more than 90 dialogue and consultation mechanisms between the two countries, it's abundantly clear that they have to do an even better job in managing differences, such as through more meetings between the top leaders and more effective dialogue at the annual Strategic and Economic Dialogue, this year to be held in Beijing next month.
It would be hard to imagine how the US and the DPRK can handle their stark differences without even one dialogue mechanism and with no diplomatic relations.
Understandably, a brief single meeting is unlikely to achieve something significant or resolve major issues. After the election reform package proposed by the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region fell through in June last year, many members of the opposition camp have remained agitated and expressed their cynicism about almost everything the government is doing in the SAR. The participation of four Hong Kong legislators representing the major political groups in the city's opposition camp in Wednesday's meeting with Zhang, who chairs the National People's Congress Standing Committee and oversees Hong Kong affairs, suggests the welcome return of reason and pragmatism within the opposition camp - at least as far as the mainstream of the opposition is concerned. This is of paramount significance to settling any controversy regarding any issue in the SAR, particularly those affecting its future development. Only with reason and pragmatism can the members of Hong Kong's opposition camp engage in constructive discussion on any issue regarding the SAR's future.
More importantly, in demonstrating their willingness to communicate with and present their views on significant issues regarding Hong Kong's future development with the top legislator, the opposition leaders have recognized that the central authorities in Beijing too have a stake in the success of Hong Kong, over which it has constitutional rights and responsibility under the principle of "One Country, Two Systems". Indeed, a meeting with Zhang is a great opportunity, by any measure, for them to present their views on local issues to the central authorities.
After all, what better channel or opportunity is there than directly conversing with the top official in charge of the country's constitutional affairs for that purpose? There might not have been enough time for the attendees to present all their points at the 40-minute meeting.
It is to be hoped it heralds further dialogue that can bring Hong Kong together in pursuit of a common future. As part of the increased interaction in the run-up to May 20 when Taiwan's leader-elect Tsai Ing-wen is scheduled to take office, US Secretary of State John Kerry reiterated to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in a telephone conversation on Monday that the United States' stance remains unchanged and Washington will not support "Taiwan independence".
Since its establishment of diplomatic ties with the Chinese mainland, the US has maintained essentially quasi-official political, economic and military relations with Taiwan.
Concerned that Tsai's predecessor Ma Ying-jeou's policy was too "pro-mainland", the US demonstrated a strong preference for Tsai's pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party during the island's election. A recent report by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, an influential US think-tank, even proposed the US government demand the Chinese mainland allow Tsai to use "equivocal terms" regarding the 1992 Consensus to show a more flexible attitude toward the island. Washington's DPP-tilted approach may be because it wants to play the "Taiwan card" against the Chinese mainland in the context of the strategic competition emerging with Beijing in the South China Sea, and its perception that cross-Straits peace would not be sabotaged if Tsai does not directly challenge the one-China principle. The US undoubtedly underestimates the possibility of DPP pursuing "Taiwan's independence", which risks destroying Washington's skillfully employed "neutral and balanced" policy toward the two sides of the Taiwan Straits. A MINOR IN WENZHOU, East China's Zhejiang province, recently told the media that he was sexually assaulted in prison last year. In order to build rule of law, we need to break the taboos and ensure there are legal solutions to such hidden problems. Last September, an amendment to the Criminal Law was passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, China's top legislature.
Before that, Zhang Datong, a middle school teacher in Shanghai municipality, was found to have sexually violated male middle school students for 20 years but was not found guilty of committing any crime.
If the prison officers knew of the assaults but failed to curb them, they should be held accountable for neglecting their duty.
When males are sexually assaulted, they suffer psychological and physical wounds, too, and that's why the 2015 amendment to the law is to be applauded.
FOLLOWING THE INAUGURATION OF the United States' first antimissile defense system on European soil in Romania on May 12, NATO has begun building a second one in northern Poland. It is no exaggeration to say that the nuclear contest between major powers, including the US and Russia, has reemerged in East Europe and East Asia, which poses a challenge to world peace. As a result, the Washington-backed system was temporarily suspended after US President Barack Obama assumed power in 2008. The truth is, it was already deployed in East Europe before the P5+1 Iran nuclear deal was reached last summer, to "protect the US and Europe from Iran's possible attacks".
The just activated antimissile defense system in Europe, which the US claims is part of a global antimissile defense system and is not aimed at destroying Russia's nuclear missile potential, will undoubtedly deal a major blow to the current strategic balance. Despite globalization and the free trade and cultural exchanges that have followed it, military might still plays a central role in balancing the major power relationships. It is noteworthy that Washington's deployment of the antimissile defense system has been welcomed by some East European states, which are now at the forefront of NATO's confrontation with Russia. JAPAN HAS denied allegations of bribery in Tokyo's bid to host the 2020 Olympics, after French investigators found a total of 230 million yen ($2 million) had been transferred into the account of a Singaporean company owned by ex-IOC member Lamine Diack between July and October 2013. If the allegations prove true, it would be a major scandal that would not only damage Japan's image but also cast a shadow over the Olympic Games. Istanbul, which lost out to Tokyo, is now complaining that the failure of its bid was because it did not give money to influential IOC members. Her choice, be it advocating the one-China principle or equivocating about the consensus in fresh pursuit of the island's "formal independence", will mark a turning point in cross-Straits relations. That Tsai has stressed the need to "preserve the status quo" in cross-Straits ties while avoiding questions about her stance on the 1992 Consensus (under the name of respecting Taiwan people's decision), indicates that she is inclined to take the second path, as much as she craves and needs the dividends of the eight-year-long peaceful exchanges. On its part, the mainland will not give up persuading the DPP to adhere to the 1992 Consensus, but it has also prepared for the worst-case scenarios, which are very likely to happen given Tsai's long-time advocacy of "independence" as well as her latest equivocal remarks. Taiwan's participation in the upcoming World Health Assembly from May 23 to 28 in Geneva as an observer, to a point, will offer an indication of whether the island's new leadership takes the 1992 Consensus seriously. The one-China principle, that both the mainland and Taiwan are parts of one China, has been widely recognized among the international community and is also reflected in the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758. The principle stands on firm legal ground at home and abroad and has been made clear even in Taiwan's "constitution".
Claiming that Taiwan's participation in the WHA has nothing to do with the one-China principle, the DPP has attempted to make a mountain out of a molehill. True, the timing is a bit delicate because the island was invited to the meeting under the Kuomintang's eight-year rule, and will be represented by the pro-independence DPP in Geneva a week later. Such being said, should the DPP representatives seek to challenge or protest against the principle in Geneva, the party's promise to maintain the status quo will be seen as being no more than lip service to the voters that favor it. He said, the Chinese medical team is familiar with the relevant techniques and the first patient to undergo such an operation will be Chinese.
We are not sure whether the surgery is as mature as he suggests and whether a head transplant would succeed. More importantly, if most medical professionals strongly oppose such an operation but the doctor still insists on doing it, and the patient dies, what responsibility will the doctor bear? Many argue that the law should be more tolerant of medical developments and experiments are needed to realize medical progress.
Another problem is the legal aspects of such an operation: Where will the body used for the operation come from?
Even if some healthy person promises to donate his or her body after their death, and even if the surgical operation succeeds and the donated body and the transplanted head combine into a new person that only raises more issues. More importantly, do the relationships of either person, such as marriage and blood relationship, continue?
An obvious issue is, whatever the new person's legal identity is, he or she cannot have two spouses at the same time.
Reports say that the initial candidate for Canavero's head transplant operation is Valery Spiridinov, a Russian scientist who has Werdnig-Hoffman disease, a rare genetic disease that gradually wastes away muscles.
The ethical problems are so big that even Professor Ren Xiaoping from Harbin Medical University in northeastern China's Heilongjiang province, who is said to be the main co-worker of Canavero in China, said they must solve the ethical problems first.
Actually, there are ethical problems with many other medical technologies, too, such as human assisted reproductive technology, namely human clones or surrogate births. Duterte needs to ally the fear in the US that his presidency will lead to the cooling of Philippine-American relations, considering his nasty remarks against the US during his election campaign. Because the Philippine Supreme Court has declared the constitutionality of the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement, Duterte has committed to the inevitable implementation of the EDCA. So it seems the Duterte presidency will depart from the excessive pro-US stance of his predecessor President Benigno Aquino III. While Duterte seriously values the Philippines' long-standing security alliance with the US, he seems to be more enthusiastic about repairing the Philippines' damaged political ties with China. Duterte prefers the exploration of peaceful options to address the Philippines' South China Sea disputes with China.
Although the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague will soon announce its decision on the Philippine's unilateral arbitration case against China, Duterte seems to be more interested in pursuing a policy of accommodation with China than forcing the issue of international arbitration. The Duterte presidency, however, must be wary of the effect of excessive accommodation of China just to get investments, improve trade, boost tourism, and revive development assistance. Duterte's presidency should stick to a foreign policy of hedging by continuously enhancing the Philippine's defense alliance with the US while resolutely improving its political ties with China. The author teaches at the department of international studies at Miriam College, the Philippines, and is the director of the Center for Intelligence and National Security Studies (CINSS), Chairman of the Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research.
At a meeting of the Central Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs on Monday, President Xi Jinping particularly stressed efforts to expand the middle-income group and improve the income distribution mechanism. This newly-found sense of urgency to further increase the number of middle-income workers is surely related to the role that consumption is now playing in ensuring the stable, moderate growth of the world's second-largest economy. Although China's economy expanded by only 6.7 percent year-on-year in the first quarter of 2016, the slowest since early 2009, indicating considerably strong headwinds, it is fairly reassuring, if not surprising, to see the rapid rise of consumption as a leading growth engine while traditional growth drivers such as investment and exports are losing steam. Since all the domestic measures to address overcapacity in many traditional industrial sectors will take time to bear fruit and the global trade will not regain its growth momentum any time soon as the world economy struggles under international financial and political uncertainties, it is reasonable for Chinese policymakers to double down on stronger consumption-led growth to avoid an unexpected hard landing.
Recently, there has been talk of China's economy tending towards L-shaped growth as deep-rooted problems persist and new challenges emerge, including shrinking private investment, the real estate bubble, industrial overcapacity, non-performing loans, local government debt and financial market risk.
By ruling out the possibility of a quick and strong recovery, such a sober view has actually raised the question of how the country can manage to overcome the middle-income trap after more than three decades of double digit growth.
While rising income levels have eroded the international competitiveness of many small- and mid-sized economies to slow their growth, a significantly enlarged middle-income group might be the Chinese answer to this global development challenge. In spite of the lack of a clearly-defined criterion for middle income in this country, the fact that Chinese travelers have made around 120 million overseas trips in 2015, up 12 percent from the year before, will at least provide a glance at the huge potential of a certain part of the country's middle-income group. With a population of 1.3 billion, no one should expect the number of global-trotters from China to peak soon as the country's middle-income group is just set to expand.
Instead of regarding rising income levels for a larger number of Chinese workers as merely a burden on enterprises in this country, Chinese policymakers should realize that a better income distribution mechanism to ensure a larger share of the overall economic pie for the majority of workers will help sustain economic growth in the long run. On one hand, a substantial increase in the number of middle-income families will give a lasting and powerful boost to consumption-led growth. In this sense, the middle-income level will not necessarily be a trap but rather a bridge to China's long-term growth. As China's top legislator pointed out soon after his plane landed in Hong Kong on Tuesday, one of the purposes of his visit was to bring people in the special administrative region the best wishes of the central government. He conveyed the "warm regards" of President Xi Jinping to people of Hong Kong and said he brought "the care of the central government and all Chinese people". From the guarantee of stable food supplies to Hong Kong in the 1950s and the pumping of fresh water from East River to ease Hong Kong's water shortage since the 1960s, to the introduction of the Individual Visitor Scheme in 2003 to invigorate Hong Kong's faltering economy following the SARS epidemic, the central government has continually demonstrated its care and concern for the people of Hong Kong.
Zhang Dejiang, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, is the highest-ranking official to visit the special administrative region since 2012, when former president Hu Jintao came to preside over ceremonies marking the 15th anniversary of the return of Hong Kong to the motherland. Zhang is on a three-day inspection tour of Hong Kong, and said he had come to "observe, listen and speak". He will certainly seek to observe first-hand the current situation in the special administrative region - his trip is an inspection tour after all. And, among other occasions, he will speak at a Belt and Road Summit on Wednesday, outlining a clear picture of the initiative and the role Hong Kong can play in it. The special administrative region has immense experience in foreign trade and is equipped with financial services expertise that will certainly enable it to fully contribute to the initiative, thereby finding the way forward for its currently troubled economy. But listening is equally important on Zhang's agenda, and he is putting an emphasis on listening to the recommendations and requirements Hong Kong residents have about implementing the cardinal principle of "One Country, Two Systems". He said he intends "to listen to all sectors of society", and he will speak with lawmakers, including some from the "pro-democracy" camp, political, business and community leaders in Hong Kong. Whoever speaks with him should take full advantage of this opportunity to present to the NPC chairman their aspirations for the development of the SAR.
Cross-Straits relations are facing a testing time as May 20, when Taiwan's top leader-elect is scheduled to take office, draws near. Although Tsai Ing-wen, also head of the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party, has claimed that her administration will try to maintain the cross-Straits status quo, there are few indications that her inauguration speech will mention the 1992 Consensus, which has been the foundation for improving cross-Straits ties.
Further fueling worries that relations will deteriorate is the recent attempt by some DPP lawmakers to amend the island's referendum law, in a bid to drastically lower the threshold for an island-wide referendum and enlarge the scope of issues that can be put to a public vote to include "sovereignty" and cross-Straits agreements.
If adopted by the island's top legislature, the amendment would risk crossing the bottom line set by the mainland to fight secessionist activity on the island. Die-hard separatists have long seen the current bill as an obstacle to their pursuit of de jure "Taiwan independence", because it excludes referendums on sensitive issues such as changing the island's name, "anthem", flag and "constitution". An amendment would give them a free hand to push the envelope as they challenge the one-China policy.
The separatists are playing a dangerous game by seeking to push forward their secessionist cause in this way.
Overseas mergers and acquisitions by Chinese enterprises are an increasingly evident trend. Domestic investors welcome such moves because that might enhance the position of domestic companies in the global value chain, and produce further dividends for them.
A report by PricewaterhouseCoopers shows that companies listed in the A-share market played a major role in overseas M&As last year, making 121 deals, about 60 percent of the total. Such M&As benefit all involved, but there is a risk they might create a bubble in the stock market. If such a bubble does emerge and then bursts, that might lead to a plunge in the stock market and consequently a chain reaction that would be disastrous for all. AN INCREASING NUMBER OF CHINESE HEPATITIS C PATIENTS reportedly travel to India to buy cheap generic drugs for their treatment, instead of buying such medicines manufactured at home. That India has become the "global pharmacy" has a lot to do with both its patent law and the high quality of its generic drugs. On the one hand, the country allows local pharmaceutical companies to produce generic drugs before the original drugs' patents expire and even export these generic drugs overseas.
On the other hand, Indian pharmaceutical factories, less than 120 of which are certified by the United States' Food and Drug Administration, are able to make generic drugs that are almost as effective as the originals which have to pass a series of trials before entering the market. In comparison, the generic drugs made in China are not as effective; some may even provoke allergic reactions and other side-effects. Admittedly, Chinese pharmaceutical companies face tougher restrictions when it comes to the mass production of generic drugs under the country's law for patent protection.
As a result, some Chinese medicine makers even use the generic drugs on sale as a reference and produce their own.
The Good Manufacturing Practice, which was adopted by China in the 1990s, has also failed to improve the quality of Chinese generic drugs due to the insufficient implementation and loose regulations, dealing a major blow to market share.
It is thus time for the Chinese food and drug authorities to streamline the quality control of domestically made generic drugs, in a bid to put an end to the poorly regulated pharmaceutical market. MONDAY marked the 50th anniversary of the beginning of the "cultural revolution" (1966-76). China has learned its lessons from the decade of tumult between 1966 and 1976 and is now determined to avoid any social unrest that would disrupt national progress. Since introducing the reform and opening-up policy more than 30 years ago, the nation has been growing stronger and stronger and people's living standards have been improved markedly. The historical lessons from the "cultural revolution" must be firmly kept in mind in this context. The Chinese people have never been so close to realizing the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Party and the public should beware repeating historical mistakes and dispel all disturbances to ensure the goal is achieved. While the initiative was announced in 2015, its foundations were laid as early as the 1960s with the "air corridor", "The Karakoram Highway", and later the construction of Gwadar Port.
Apparently an energy and economic corridor, it is in fact a framework for holistic development. While the Belt and Road Initiative, the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, is a pivotal strategy for China, President Xi Jinping's vision is not confined to creating a trade route, but a community of "shared interests, fate, and responsibilities". Once the project was announced, the first task, at the operational level was to develop a consensus on what the CPEC would involve and its various components, such as the mechanisms for regular consultations, the cooperation modes and how it would be financed. Looking back on the project's first year, one finds that not only a deep understanding on essential issues has been reached, a lot of development on the ground has also commenced. As to the security aspect, a Special Security Division has been established in Pakistan for the CPEC. However, a pertinent question often raised in light of the political and diplomatic landscape of the region is with so much bilateral, regional and global significance attached to the project, will it not face any counter-moves by adversaries of the two countries?
At the same time as progress has been made on the ground, the interest and attention being given to CPEC at the highest level by the two countries' leaderships ensure that effective and timely notice will be taken to counter all negative moves. Flooding is caused not only by heavy rainfall, but also the inadequate infrastructure that fails to channel the water away.
However, most of them are simply strengthening the pipes, which is only one of the necessary measures. Even in Beijing, the pipes are only designed to cope with the severity of rainstorms that occur only once every one to three years. In developed countries, the pipes are designed to cope with rainstorms of a severity that happens only once in five to 10 years. But behind many a film star there are long periods of joblessness and menial work before they make the big time. Eight months ago she began to produce, star in and distribute online dozens of short videos in which she plays a variety of characters and lampoons those in everyday situations such as dating.
The public spotlight fell on her when she attracted venture capital of 12 million yuan ($1.85 million) in March. This year heralds the beginning of the online celebrity economy in China," says Zhang Xiaorong, a researcher with the Tencent Research Institute, in a recent report. Many online celebrities are going to emerge this year," says Xue Yongfeng, a researcher with Beijing internet consultancy Analysys International. But it is only in recent months in China - particularly through Papi Jiang - that the tremendous commercial value of these celebrities has begun to crystallize in the public mind, and more talent, investors and capital are beginning to pour into the market. It has produced many more ways in which they can make a name for themselves and then turn that into cash. The online celebrity market, still in its infancy, could be worth hundreds of billions of yuan, Da says. Pictures or videos of these celebrities - and they are almost without exception attractive young women who dress to the nines - appear on social media, accompanied by advice for their followers on subjects such as choosing the right clothes and the right cosmetics.
Instead, most of these celebrities have a savvy back-up team that helps them in their business dealings and with the content they post. She now has 490,000 followers, and about 50 to 80 percent of what her Taobao shop sells is snapped up by that entourage.
Taobao says more than 1,000 shops connected to online celebrities who hawk women's clothing each have a sales revenue of more than 1 million yuan a year. Against decorated backdrops in various styles, the central character may sing, dance, play games or tell jokes. There are more than 200 live streaming platforms, and the ministry says the industry was worth about 7.77 billion yuan last year. They also give expert opinions or advice on talk shows or spread gossip about other celebrities.
He is the son of Wang Jianlin, one of China's richest men and chairman of mainland property and entertainment conglomerate Wanda Group. Some live streaming platforms cross into controversy as a result of host behavior considered inappropriate or illegal, such as wearing overly skimpy attire, using lots of vulgar words or, in some cases, simulated or actual sexual behavior. Several weeks ago, the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television gave Papi Jiang a dressing down for using "swear words and insulting language" and ordered her to clean up her act. The Tencent report says that the online celebrity of half of those now enjoying it is likely to dissipate after only six months to three years, even though those with more staying power may remain for five years or longer.
The best are those with strong personalities who are innovative, hardworking and talented, and those who are excellent communicators.
Her beautiful V-shaped face, sexy figure and funny, bold and straightforward personality helped attract followers, who now number more than 6 million, and helped her amass earnings last year of more than 5 million yuan ($767,000).
Online streaming has a very low entry threshold - as long you have a computer, you can register with a website and start broadcasting - and the online streaming industry is growing fast. According to a report from Beijing-based iResearch Consulting Group, the public is likely to connect live broadcasting with eroticism, and online streaming scandals are frequent. So in her spare time, she trains in singing and dancing, and prepares new styles of cosplay - wearing costumes to represent characters - or checks out online games to play with her followers. While unable to talk to fans much, she would still record short videos to say hello to her fans on her mobile phone. The competition will be fierce, and I will need to make more effort to improve myself," she says. This year, the agency she signed with plans to produce an online television program, and she expects to have a role in it. Although the result of their work is not entirely clear yet, it does mean cyber celebrities can be made in batches, offering endless streams of content.
The birth of incubators means that in the online celebrity area, star-making factories have appeared," says Zhang Xiaorong, a senior researcher at the Tencent Research Institute, in a recent report. The company has 50 employees and she plans to sign two dozen celebrities by the end of this year.
Second is to find good supply chain partners to best showcase the online celebrities' products and content.
When she works with them, she tries to respect their unique style and find the way to help them showcase it.
Compared with the funds needed for scientific research, he says the costs of popularizing the crop and promoting it in the market are far higher.


There are no plug and play technologies that fit into the same types of infrastructure in different cities, he says. And the stories in it about a simple man and his family's bookshop in the city of Xi'an are unlikely to stir readers that much. And in the most important location are a stack of solid olive green books, copies of Order: The Story of Fangyuan Bookshop, which are barely discernible because they almost melt into the background. He squints and bares the teeth under his handlebar moustache in a broad smile, looking for all the world like a caricature of those images in the book. By then, the family had run the bookshop for 28 years, and the ambitious Lyu can see the family running it beyond when it is 100 years old.
That expertise helped give the shop a great deal of credibility that contributed to its success, and when it was at its best it employed 11 people. Li Jin, Lyu Chonghua and another classmate of theirs at college, Wei Tao, went to take a look.
She was surprised that the books she saw there, as attractive as they were, were not that fancy, and they did not strike her as being particularly collectable. In 2011 he started collecting materials for the book, trying to tell the stories of his family and the bookstore from many different angles. In three years, based on her understanding of beautiful books and the Lyu family, she tried more than 60 different formats. Despite being well-grounded in Chinese history, the British author was astonished that he had never heard of the uprising, so he decided to learn more about it.
Although technically a biography, the author's grasp of history and the pivotal events of the time provide an excellent guide to late 19th century China and the conditions under which people lived.
Weighing heavier on the scales are his tendency to take the credit for other people's ideas, and at a time when traveling in the interior inevitably meant handing out bribes and "gifts", his refusal to give face or money to local officials often hindered his progress in terms of both geography and his career. In 1985, the then 20-year-old photography student at the London College of Printing - now the London College of Communication - was left a small inheritance, so he asked his tutors for permission to travel to China during term time to undertake a photojournalism project. One day, as they rested on the Great Wall, the brothers spotted a couple of Westerners being guided by a large group of Chinese officials and surrounded by a gaggle of photographers and journalists. Only later did the brothers realize that the men were George Michael and Andrew Ridgley, then better known as Wham, the first Western pop group to perform live in China. That trip sparked an ongoing love affair with the provinces of Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan. And, having spent 25 years working to deadlines, it was an indulgence to set my own pace," he explained.
As Channel Islanders, and therefore geographically closer to France than the British mainland, the Mesny family spoke French at home.
The "Slash" are not in it just for the cash, though financial rewards are always appreciated, as the age of the Internet and mass information provides them a chance to explore different roles in a way previous generations could only dream of. In an age of austerity it is not unusual for people to take on an extra job to pay the bills but for the Slash Generation their motivation is not primarily to improve their bank balance but to unleash their creativity.
It made me feel really good when you made a difference in a new area which you used to know nothing about," he said. Although Cheng loves his jobs, enjoys his life and has somehow managed to juggle various identities, he confessed that finding the time to have a girlfriend has been problematic.
Unlike Cheng, who was focusing on many fronts, Zhu is really concentrating on making his rock festival famous in China.
Art is about expressing your own ideas in your works while design is a business to meet the demands of your clients. These include self-control, good communication skills and they are popular in their circle.
Kind-hearted, enthusiastic, and it seems that no matter what situation there are in, they can adapt quickly. They have a variety of interests, are always willing to experience new things and have friends from wide-ranging backgrounds. The scene is reminiscent of youth practice sessions at La Liga (Spain's top professional league) giants such as Barcelona and Real Madrid, he said.
The high levels of enthusiasm and the school's commitment to develop the soccer program has impressed Iglesias, who was hired by Beijing-based Ray Sports last October to train players at the school as a physical education teacher. China opened its first line in 2007 and now has 19,000 kilometers of track in service, more than the rest of the world's high-speed rail networks together. Her father taught philosophy at a military college and her mother taught Chinese literature. So researchers and scientists don't talk to marketers because they speak different languages.
She addressed the Pujiang Innovation Forum, organized by the Ministry of Science & Technology, in Shanghai as far back as 2000.
They had brands that could have been quite promising but they allowed themselves to be acquired by Western brands who basically discarded them," she says.
However, if one listens to Lu, the story of Li is inextricably linked to that of another man, the much more famous Chinese mariner and explorer Zheng He (also known in English as Cheng Ho), whose expeditionary voyages between 1405 and 1433 took his fleet to parts of Asia and Africa. However, few people know that Zheng, who lived between 1371 and 1433, was a devout Buddhist. But they did have a faith, Buddhism, in common, something they also shared with successive Ming rulers. Some historians think his ashes were returned to his homeland when the fleet reached the Chinese coast in July of that year. But no connection was made between the bronze tower and the Fahai frescoes until Zheng Zihai visited the temple years later. Between 1412 and 1428, under the supervision of Zheng He, a grand Buddhist temple was built in Nanjing and known as Da Bao En Temple, or the Temple of Gratitude. Many even blame them for the fall of the Ming 276 years after its founding, in 1644," says Lu, the tour guide.
The master clock restorer, 55, looks after hundreds of timepieces at the museum, also known as the Forbidden City. Today, he shares a 60-square-meter studio with two other craftsmen in a closed section of the museum. She has reportedly said in private that she would "continue to implement the 'two states' theory without mentioning it". As long as the mainland doesn't use force against Taiwan, Chen promised, he would not declare independence, change the name of "Republic of China", initiate the writing of the "two states" theory into the "Constitution", propose a referendum over unification or independence, or abolish "the Guidelines for National Unification and National Unification Council". But Tsai should finish her answer sheet for the benefits of all people on both sides of the Straits - the earlier the better. What started as the formal establishment of diplomatic relations in 1951 has today become an unbreakable bond of infallible trust; time-tested friendship, and above all a shared world-view. We speak entirely different languages, have our unique cultures and until recently had limited direct people-to-people interaction. It has emerged peacefully on the world scene by employing soft power rather than the deployment of hard power.
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor as a flagship project of the initiative will be a game changer for both our countries and the wider region. It can also serve as the basis for durable peace in the region and beyond, by replacing animosity with cooperation among the member countries. Xi's visionary concept is one of development, progress and prosperity through win-win partnerships. Because they refused to hand over their phones to the police, the two students were taken by force to a nearby police station, where two police officers slapped their faces and beat their buttocks with batons. The city's public security department confirmed the next morning that the student's allegations of being beating were true and the police officers concerned are now under investigation. And police officers have the discretionary power to decide whether the threat is immediate or serious enough to justify their using force. Obviously, the two Lanzhou police officers' violence was unwarranted and had no legal basis as there was no threat involved, either to themselves or the public.
The policemen had no legal reason to confiscate their phones, and did so just because they feared the video would cause them further trouble. Were it not for the pressure of public opinion, the authority would have been unlikely to act.
The heroine, 30-year-old Fan Shengmei who works in Shanghai, spends half her salary supporting her parents and her brother's family. Yet the exploitation of her by her family means she would not be able to survive without the help of her friends. The actress, Jiang Xin, even jokingly said on her micro blog that she received extra income this month because so many people were trying to send her gift money to help the character she played. Fan is one of the millions of girls exploited by their blood families, who mobilize all kinds of resources for their sons. On Zhihu, a domestic real-name online community discussing daily lives, there is a special forum that has so far collected 600 real life stories about woman being exploited in such a way by their families.
A woman surnamed Wang from Chongqing in Southwest China was sentenced to four years in prison for selling two of her babies on the day they were born, both were girls.
It remains a quite rampant practice in some underdeveloped regions to find out the gender of the embryo and abort if it is female.
Behind this bloody figure are millions of girls who were deprived of the opportunity of life because of their gender.
That's rather ironical and shows how deeply the mindset "male over female" is rooted in our society.
The crux of the problem lies in the massive, intensive and close reconnaissance activities the US conducts against China. As a matter of fact, no country in Southeast Asia has sought international arbitration for the settlement of its maritime disputes with regional countries. When police officers arrived, they found the man was the boy's father who was angry because his son was slow in finishing his homework. It is good for schools to assign students such tasks as few will do them at home, because their parents want them to focus on coursework only.
Some scold the teachers if their kids get a minor injury at school, some even challenge the school's teaching methods and management. And whenever a debate boils down to the market's role, public opinion is always divided into two groups: Those advocating the market's decisive role and those saying the market will exclude those at the lowest levels of society. The uncertainty and disruption of drawn-out and doubtless acrimonious divorce proceedings would depress investment and growth. The UK would have the whip hand, they argue, because it buys more from the EU than it sells in return. Many economic actors - from German car manufacturers to French farmers to financial centers around the EU - would want to hamper their British competitors. While the UK wouldn't be hamstrung by protectionist interests in the EU, its smaller economy, largely open markets, and desperation for deals would weaken its clout. China's domestic tourism market has been booming in last decade, with a 10 percent annual growth on average and spending is expected to reach around $890 billion by 2020. As Li Jinzao, head of the China National Tourism Administration, has pointed out, a dirty toilet destroys the efforts of all kinds of tourist resort promotions and their negative impact is hard to erase. In an effort to ensure their success, the Chinese government invested billions of yuan in building 4,000 new public toilet facilities to world-class standards.
Architects and the facility owners need to be "toilet trained" so that they understand how to design for different types of buildings and the needs of different demographics.
It includes environmental conditioning inside the toilet that guides the user's behavior as well as the awareness of behavioral norms of society at large.
As these designs were not focused on the enjoyment and privacy of the individuals, an elegant toilet culture did not develop in many parts of China.
Sun Xi is an independent commentary writer based in Singapore and alumnus of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Equally the easy to recognise New York yellow cabs require a Medallion (license) to operate. And we all know that traditional taxis are difficult to get when it is raining, and that the drivers of some licensed cabs in big Chinese cities are reluctant to drive during the rush hours as the time spent in heavy traffic is financially unrewarding.
Now a taxi app can search hundreds of taxis operating in a customers' area and find one near and available that will respond (and also adjust the fare in busy times - the market at work). Apple has announced a planned investment of $1 billion in Didi, which is good news for a taxi hailing company that is still loss-making despite huge business growth.
But spokesman Hong Lei, when asked to comment on Trump's words, said on Wednesday that China supports direct talks and communication between the US and the DPRK.
The differences between the two countries are still huge and often contentious, but because both have committed to engage with each other, they have been able to develop the relationship by greatly expanding cooperation and managing differences.
Yet the fact that representatives from Hong Kong's opposition camp accepted an invitation and met with State leader Zhang Dejiang on Wednesday is already something worth celebrating.
Some of their younger members have even indulged in political extremism and delusion about having their way. But it is a good start in the sense that it has opened a new channel for communication between the central authorities in Beijing and Hong Kong's opposition camp.
Its dual-track foreign policy is aimed at maintaining the "no reunification, no independence" status quo across the Straits and striking a strategic balance between the two sides to the US' advantage.
And Washington not only failed to pressure Tsai into embracing the 1992 Consensus, but also extended her a high-profile reception during her visit to the US.
If sexual assaults in prison remain a taboo subject for discussion, the victims will continue to feel ashamed even after they are sexually violated and suffer more, instead of seeking justice.
It clearly defines sexual violation of males as a crime, which is expected to better protect men from sexual assaults. Now the amendment has come into effect and if the minor is confirmed to have suffered from sexual assaults, the perpetrators should be held responsible. If they intentionally put the teenager into a cell to be exploited, they should be sued as accomplices. Moscow has described NATO's latest deployment in Romania as "a real threat to Russia's security". But in response to its shrinking strategic clout and NATO's military deployment in East Europe during the post-Cold War years, Russia has gradually stepped up its objections to the US' antimissile system in Europe, even threatening to deploy its own ballistic missiles on the border of the European Union to counter the move. This is because the US media outlets have become increasingly soft on negative news about Japan as it is the most important ally of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region. The former will cement the peaceful development shared by both sides of the Taiwan Straits over the past eight years, while the latter will undermine that good momentum.
Taiwan's participation in the WHA since 2009 has been a special arrangement based on the one-China principle and relevant WHA resolutions. It is neither part of the "political restrictions" nor an "interference" from the mainland as the DPP recently extorted. Tsai and her party should drop the fantasy of muddling through and properly endorse the one-China principle for the betterment of Taiwan people's livelihoods.
But before such a transplant is attempted there are legal and ethical questions to be considered. A bigger challenge is, his or her previous spouse and family might not accept the new person. Having been associated with personalities in the Philippine communist movement, Duterte displayed a critical and lukewarm attitude toward the US during the election. But he asserts that he will closely monitor the agreement to ensure it is implemented in accordance with the Philippine's national interests. In many of his public statements during his campaign, and in the aftermath of the recently concluded elections, Duterte vowed to resume bilateral talks with China. To peacefully manage the disputes with China in the South China Sea, Duterte has openly declared his preference for promoting joint development.
Excessive accommodation of China could potentially undermine the Philippines' long standing alliance with the US.
In this case, the Philippine can pragmatically advance its national interests by getting the best of both worlds.
The consumption share marked a significant jump from the 66.4-percent ratio at the end of 2015. On the other hand, upgrading their consumption will incentivize Chinese enterprises to embrace supply-side reforms on which China's economic future hinges.
It would not only make it easier for them to derail any efforts to improve cross-Straits relations, such as the signing of trade and economic agreements, but also offer them the chance to hijack the Taiwan people in direct confrontation with the mainland. Failure to do so runs counter to her promise of maintaining the "status quo" and will force the mainland to drop any illusion that she is someone it can work with to safeguard peace and stability across the Straits. More than 1,600 of the 2,800 domestic companies listed in the Shanghai-based A-share market are valued at more than $1 billion. Yet, the loose supervision and quality control of generic drugs, which do not have to meet the standards of the originals, are also to blame. These drugs may end up having totally different effects from the original versions after rounds of "misinterpretation".
The "cultural revolution" was a major detour in the development path of the Party and the nation.
It puts equal emphasis on social sectors and would kick off a process which would have a far-reaching impact on the development of the whole region and the world at large.
This vision is based on the understanding that technological developments can only be fully exploited when the physical infrastructure for transporting people, goods and services are in place, fully developed and supported by friendly policies, legislation and procedures with a win-win approach.
It is expected that the Early Harvest plans will be completed in the stipulated timeframe; that is by March 2018.
It is already operational and thousands of security personnel have been deployed in various parts of the country along with CPEC projects. While the answer may not be difficult to perceive, the strategy in this regard primarily revolves around developing stakeholders of all concerned in the project. Indeed, the strong level of trust between the two countries, that has remained the key factor in their relationship over the last six decades, will be further enhanced with the CPEC. In September 2013, the State Council, China's Cabinet, urged local governments to improve the drainage capabilities of cities, and many cities have been working on this. In order to solve the problem of city flooding, authorities must take comprehensive measures that range from infrastructure maintenance to ecological protection. According to current standards, the drainage pipes in most cities can only withstand the severity of a deluge that occurs only once in a half to three years. On April 21, after fierce bidding among those vying to place advertisements alongside her videos, the hammer fell with a bid of 22 million yuan for the first ad to go with one of her online video clips.
The potential worth of the most valuable online celebrity, the online writer called the Third Master of the Tang Family, is put at 1.47 billion yuan. The brands behind the pictures then parse and weigh fan feedback in the form of product orders as they start to roll in before deciding how much more to produce for their linked Taobao stores. These online celebrities' income is derived mainly from gifts and money sent through the website by fans. This group of online celebrities is the largest but also the most difficult to pin down since their business models usually are not well developed yet and they are widely dispersed in cyberspace.
They're the sort of people who will pose numerous times just for one shot that is going to be placed online. The report says that about 77 percent of China's netizens think online live streaming platforms have vulgar content. But she thinks it important to have a support team to help keep her career going for the long term.
Third is to sell their products and content through e-commerce sites like Taobao and other channels to fully realize their commercial value. So she has been able to help online celebrities navigate the clothing supply chain, she says. But this does not mean cities cannot learn from each other or seek ideas, inspiration and lessons from one another. I think more of that can happen," he says, adding that it is a different sort of model for delivery than the government paying for something and doing the installation itself. However, anyone carefully leafing through the pages of Order: The Story of Fangyuan Bookshop, is likely to be touched and amused by the ordinariness that is presented ingeniously through the airy and light interaction of text and image. It was a brave move, given that China was in turmoil - the Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) was in full swing - and with the Second Opium War (1856-60) about to reach its bloody conclusion, British adventurers were far from welcome in the country.
Whenever they spotted us, one of them would mutter, 'It's those guys again!'" recalled the 52-year-old author, with a laugh. He then set up a youth association to promote communication between young people from Taiwan and the Chinese mainland.
The progress over the past several months has been incredible," said the Spaniard, who used to be a youth trainer with La Liga club Celta Vigo. But they need to improve the organization of the school league system to provide more competitions for the children," he said. China will be a likely bidder for construction contracts on the UK's HS2 high-speed rail link. His religious pursuits eventually led him to share his Buddhist mentor with his contemporary, Li Tong, who was 18 years his junior. For childless eunuchs, these edifices could also function as ancestral halls, where they were venerated by pilgrims who had come to worship Buddha. Emperor Xuande, the Ming emperor of the day, ordered Zheng He's grand burial on a mountain slope in Nanjing. Emperor Yongle (1360-1424) ordered its construction to honor the late emperor and empress, who were founders of the dynasty. The studio recently featured in a three-part TV documentary, Masters in the Forbidden City, about the work behind the scenes at the museum. It is a strategic imperative that guarantees longevity and the sustainability of relations between countries. China has successfully lifted 700 million people from poverty through prudent policies and reforms. Pakistan looks at the peaceful rise of China as a source of strength and stability for the Southwest and Central Asian regions.
The Chinese commitment to invest $46 billion in Pakistan through the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects will be transformational in reshaping the destiny of Pakistan, as well as the region. It is the harbinger of a new era of peace and stability, offering the promise of transforming the regional economic landscape.
We have been great together for the past 65 years, and we know the next 65 will be even better.
But that only further highlights the necessity of using institutional means to remove the rotten apples from the basket. Under pressure from her parents, she pays for an apartment for her brother, even though she doesn't have one of her own and shares a rented apartment with two girlfriends.
Yet the parents continue the practice because they want to support their sons with the money.
As a result of this, the gender ratio of males to females among newborns has been as high as 1.21 from 2004 to 2008. They not only constitute military provocations, but also threaten China's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Thus it deems its spying missions on China's doorstep are perfectly acceptable, while China's measures to safeguard its national security are slammed as "unsafe", "unprofessional" or even "dangerous". The Philippines has elaborately disguised its territorial dispute with China as a dispute on maritime rights and entitlements under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in an attempt to bypass the "sovereignty issue". Beijing News commented that as long as the theme park neither cheats visitors nor forces people to consume the food, people can choose whether or not to buy. Permanent separation would reduce trade, foreign investment and migration, and hurt competition, productivity growth and living standards. The UK's net contribution to the EU budget amounted to only 0.35 percent of its GDP last year, and scrapping EU regulation would bring limited benefits, because the UK's labor and product markets are already among the freest in the world. For their part, EU governments would want to punish Britain, not least because they know that a velvet divorce with Britain would bolster anti-EU parties, such as France's far-right National Front, which has already called for a referendum on EU membership. Indeed, the US has stated that it has no immediate interest in negotiating a trade deal with the UK.
To showcase the great progress that was made, Beijing hosted the World Toilet Summit in 2004, with the help of the World Toilet Organization.
To promote public education of toilet usage, both rational and aspirational approaches are needed.
In fact, many public toilets in China have been constructed according to high standards, but as the management is not up to the same standards, they become dirty and fall into disrepair quickly. These used to change hands at high prices, although now the value of these has dropped noticeably.
And then there are times when a taxi will stop but then refuse the ride because of the destination or else stop but demand double the fare because it is late at night. Add to that the more convenient means of payment through the increasing use of smartphones for bank account linked payments, such as Apple Pay, AliPay and WeChat pay. Apple is keen to develop Apple Pay in China, and encouraging Didi customers to use it is a smart way to expand, in addition Apple has its own driverless car project and may see some synergies with that and the technologies that Didi Chuxing is developing.
There are some concerns about how the combined technologies are creating "instant taxi drivers" - untrained, unlicensed taxi drivers - and concerns about the safety of female passengers, and the quality and condition of vehicles.
And on Tuesday, Trump said he would be willing to talk to Democratic People's Republic of Korea leader King Jong-un.
Such occurrences have long been known to the police and the judiciary departments, but it remains a taboo in society.
Canavero did not say what he thought the odds were for success and no medical association supports his experiment.
To transplant a whole body, they need to find a dead person within hours even minutes after his death, and make sure all his organs are healthy and not damaged. We applaud his pursuit of a better life, but think there is an ethical problem with the way he hopes to achieve this.
The changing of guard in the US, which will have its own presidential election in November, provides another source of uncertainty in the current trend and future direction for Philippine-American relations. Though Duterte still needs to clarify the details of his idea of joint development, he seems to be following former top Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's formula of shelving territorial disputes for the purpose of joint cooperation. In contrast, many overseas companies are valued at less than $100 million even though they are performing well. The significance of the CPEC can be imagined as it is a key link in China's Belt and Road Initiative, which involve 4.4 billion people across 65 countries on three continents. Areas along the CPEC would have the potential to become a trade, transit, transport and economic and energy hub for regional progress and development as well.
Measures to address the volatile security situation have also been a priority on the agenda. It will take the relationship to new heights in the coming decades and spread benefits to South, Central and West Asia as well. Residents are busy posting photos online, showing them in boats in the streets or catching fish in the water.
The deft creativity of the designer of the flip-book presentation of the caricature faces of the man to the left of the strings that bind the book are something to marvel at.
Zheng Zihai, who has done extensive research into his ancestor's burial, says Li was responsible for construction of a temple tower in Zheng He's memory.
China and Pakistan have kept their economic relationship at the core of their relations and aim to forge an even stronger trade and economic partnership. The Chinese achievement in successfully tapping the demographic dividend of its huge population is an example of how a country's human resources can be leveraged as a factor of development. When her brother beats somebody up and has to pay compensation to his victim, she is the one that has to fork up the cash.
Second, the authorities rarely called on to intervene because it is believed they are not capable enough to deal with domestic issues. And a divorce would deprive the UK of influence over future EU reforms - notably, the completion of the single market in services - from which it would benefit. Moreover, any agreement on a new economic relationship with the UK would require unanimity among the EU's 27 remaining members. The foreign investors financing Britain's current-account deficit - which hit 7 percent of its GDP in the final quarter of last year - might drive up the risk premium on UK assets or, worse, pull out. The US also has a trade deficit with the EU, yet it doesn't get to dictate terms in the negotiations over the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.
Past experience shows that rather than lecturing posters, motivating aspirations of personal elegance often proves most successful. Therefore, promoting a better toilet culture will not only boost more in-bound tourists, it will also be welcome by the host countries receiving out-bound Chinese tourists. App-based taxi services such as Uber (globally) and Didi Chuxing in China have created significant competition for the traditional taxi companies (licensed and with fare meters in their cabs).
However, the monopolies created by the old rules led to higher prices and app-based taxi services have emerged to break these monopolies. As an illustration of their impact, Didi Chuxing announced in March that it had hit 10 million ride hails per day in China. A combination of due diligence by the app providers and government regulatory activity is needed as the industry grows. Sometimes science advances at the cost of human lives, but that does not mean sacrificing patients in pursuit of glory.
To find a body donor and successfully get the donated body will be a great deal harder than finding an organ donor and successfully getting the donated organ. The same applies to head transplants and it might take a much longer time for the public to accept them than for the doctors to succeed in doing one. This has resulted in domestic companies having the confidence to engage in an increasing number of M&As overseas. Yet such a response should not obscure the fact that floods threaten people's lives and bring huge economic losses. And the UK would also have to renegotiate - from scratch - the 50-plus trade deals that the EU has with other countries. When a toilet respects the users, the chances of reciprocal respect from the user are also higher. What if you have an address in Chinese written on a piece of paper, you cannot give that address over the phone when using an app?



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