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Draught proofing is a low cost but highly effective solution to reducing heat loss throughout your home. Removing the draughts not only keeps heat in during the winter but the heat out during the summer.
Insulation is one of the most cost effective ways of retaining heat within a home and is part of the Governments focus towards homeowners to reduce fuel bills. Loft insulation is one of the easiest ways to help retain heat and is heavily subsidised by energy suppliers and even free for qualifying residents (low income and those over 70). If your loft space has been converted into a room then you will need to insulate in the sloping roof.
In order to maximise heat retention older properties can benefit fromcavity wall insulation which again is subsidised by energy suppliers but can also be installed relatively cheaply. The same applies to your windows and although the cost of both doors and windows does require significant investment, the amount saved in heating bills could pay back the outlay much faster than you think. Sunpipes are an innovative way to pipe natural daylight from your rooftop into your home to save on electricity bills by brightening areas from dusk till dawn where daylight from windows cannot reach. If you can’t upgrade your boiler then lagging your hot water tank makes sense and is relatively inexpensive.
In order to have a much larger impact on your carbon emissions the best solution is to install renewable energy or microgeneration technology in your home. Although these solutions do involve higher investment the payback and reduction in both energy bills and carbon emissions is significant. Solar water heating can reduce your gas bills by generating up to 60% of your hot water needs. Wind Power is often a highly topical issue across the UK where wind farm are concerned but it is possible to generate electricity by installing a small scale wind turbine. Electricity has been generated by the power of water for many years now but more often only in large scale environments. Ground and air source heating is a method of generating heat from under the ground using the power of a heat pump. Underfloor heating without ground or air source, is still a very energy efficient way to heat your home. Underfloor heating provides radiant heat which raises the temperature of the fabric of the room which suppresses the perception of body heat loss while also being warm underfoot. To read the full interview with the panel of experts - Dar Danesh from Energy Advantage Middle East, Markus Oberlin from Farnek Avireal, Karim Boutaour from Honeywell Building Solutions, Alexandre Mussallam from MAF Dalkia, and Simon Roopchand from Emrill Services - read the February 2013 issue of Facilities Management Middle East.
DIN-Rail Mount Dimmer with scene controller single phase both 220 VAC, 50 Hz Small and elegant with labelling place, life LED indicator, broadcast address button and Momentary channel button. Digital intelligent dimmer, 10 bit dimmer accuracy, with short circuit, with over load and grounding fault protection and bypass feature, 50-60Hz. Connect High load channel to be part of your Bus system as a cheap solution to complete your project. To dim your Fluorescent Tube Lights and save tube Lights energy also gives different mood lighting in the room for a more comfortable lighting for the human eyes. To dim your Fluorescent Tube Lights and save tube Lights energy also gives different mood lighting in the room for a more comfortable lighting for the human eyes. Here are some questions by MECHanisms users and our answers for how to use MECHanisms and the related resources to start answering them. We provide some methods for getting to know your target group under Step 2: Get to know your target group. Read our Target Group Profiles and check out relevant cases listed for this target group. It is important to recognize that there are different types of energy behaviour – routines and habits, which are not conscious decisions, and energy investments, which are made more consciously. Moreover, different tools are suitable depending on how engaged and interested people already are. With a diverse target group, you might start with trying to figure out what your are trying to achieve, and use e.g.
You might also use our Visualize your Stakeholders tool to make a map of the different communities involved in your target group. Tools for engaging the community are important for all target groups – you will need to create awareness of the programme and support change process throughout! Energy efficiency is a good way to reduce an organization’s environmental footprint and contribute to sustainability and social responsibility targets, because it is cost-effective. Cost savings can thus be a good argument, but for example in offices, energy costs are rarely a significant share of total costs. Depending on your project, you might select multiple target groups, as well as define stakeholders you need to work with. Top management, however, rarely controls or even knows what is going on everywhere in the organization. MECHanisms advocates a participatory approach to promoting energy saving – you need to engage your target group because you are dependent on them for reaching your goals.
Our tool Active Collection of Feedback helps you organize your efforts to collect feedback. Basically, however, the same principles apply as when monitoring and evaluating a project you are delivering yourself (see Step 6: Define Goals and Manage External Demands).
Establishing a baseline for evaluating your project’s progress is important because you cannot take credit for every change that happens after your project (some would have probably happened even without you). A baseline is the description of the situation before your project (or without your project). The Problem Tree showed that trust between residents and the building management is crucial.
This is an excerpt from the pilot project story Energy efficiency for Latvian multi-apartment dwellings - Ekodoma working with the Make Energy Change Happen Toolkit.
Causes of the problem: The reasons for the retailers and consumers to reject CFLs was that the quality of the CFLs was questioned, in particular their lighting equivalent compared to traditional light bulbs.
The questionnaire showed that residents were most motivated to renovate if their energy cost would go down. This is an excerpt from the pilot project story Energy efficiency for Latvian multi-apartment dwellings -Ekodoma working with the Make Energy Change Happen Toolkit.
In the early stages of the project, immediately after the target group had been chosen (i.e. About half the people indicate that they have knowledge about energy efficiency measures that they mostly received via mass media.
In three of the non-renovated buildings, over 60% of the respondents indicate they would vote in favour of building renovation.
The majority of respondents considers building renovation as the government's responsibility, but does not believe that governmental funding is available and does not rely on banks to finance renovation. In the two renovated buildings where energy efficiency measures had been implemented, people had largely been convinced by their building manager and the building elder.
People are mostly motivated to invest in building renovation by the prospect of lower energy bills, increased comfort and a nicer appearance of their building (see graph).
The Green Energy Train, a very nicely designed project in The Hague, Netherlands, found their approach was too philosophical for their target group, who were more concerned with practical issues. The Latvian pilot project aimed to increase the energy efficiency of large multi-apartment buildings. The project managers of the Latvian pilot conducted several in-depth interviews with building residents and building elders in order to learn more about the concerns and questions people have and the barriers they see for building renovation.

During field observations the observer spends time with (some members of) the target group and tries to identify energy-wasting behaviour. In the Lativan pilot project, a small survey was carried out among residents of all participating buildings in the beginning and in the end of the project. The Energy Efficiency Partnership for Homes (UK) conducted focus group research in order to learn about co-benefits of energy efficiency improvements from a homebuyer’s point of view. This is an excerpt from the pilot project story Micro-ESCOs – Enespa working with Make Energy Change Happen Toolkit. In understanding the context, one important issue was to understand what people in the municipalities knew and expected about the Climate Neutral Municipalities project. Replace existing conventional incandescent light bulbs with Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs). Use conventional fluorescent tubes in large areas or areas that require bright lighting for long hours.
Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) can be used with or without lamp fittings for indoor purposes but should be used in an enclosed lamp fitting for outdoor purposes.
Where air-conditioning units are required, the temperature should be set at the warmest comfortable temperature.
Do not place lamps, TV sets or other heat sources close to the air-conditioning thermostat. Where convenient, locate air-conditioning units in well ventilated but shaded areas, or areas with surrounding trees and shrubs. If you use an electrical cooker, turn off the heating element several minutes before the designated cooking time ends. Disconnect the old rarely-used second refrigerator freezer and save hundreds of dollars per year. Try to keep the refrigerator away from heat sources such as a stove, direct sunlight or ducts.
There are now so many ways to save money, energy and the planet without having to invest too much time or effort. They cost around £150 and the rating given is similar to that of household appliances ranging from A-G, A being the most efficient.
Typically all the entrance and exits will have some degree of heat loss as well as window frames, chimneys, letterboxes and cat flaps.
High levels of insulation can be hard to achieve because a free air space of 50mm must be left between the insulation and the tiling felt, unless the felt is low-vapour resistant. English Heritage estimates that there are 44 million single glazed sash windows in the UK many of which are in listed buildings. With the new Feed in Tariff (FIT) this is a good way to supply energy to your home, reduce your bills, receive income for the energy you use and any additional electricity sent back to the grid.
It is essential that a full site survey is completed initially to see whether the investment and location will provide a suitable return both in power and financial gain. This solution is ideal for new build or refurbishments where underfloor heating may be installed. Diagnose and report; run an energy assessment and audit of the facility, to identify the current consumption profile and identify savings opportunities. Create awareness and training on energy use and practices by designing and establishing an awareness campaign. Commitment begins at the top and the importance of achieving energy savings must be recognised in order to implement behavioural and system changes further down the organisation. Define targets with a robust energy management policy and a road map within the business to achieve goals.
Engage a reputable company with the correct technical competencies to conduct a 3rd party onsite energy audit and advise on energy efficiencies. Communicate appreciation internally when targets are achieved and encourage a culture that promotes a personal duty of care towards the environment for the current and coming generations. You can save up to 80% on your lighting energy by simply replacing your existing bulbs with light emitting diodes (LED’s). Switch to high efficiency air conditioners or install energy saving devices – by doing this you can reduce your energy consumption by up to 20%. By properly insulating and air sealing your home or office, you can reduce your air conditioning costs by keeping more of the cool air inside. Can be used in any location that require energy saving, intelligent control such as apartment, Villa, Offices, Restaurant, Hotel rooms. Advanced heat Sink Technology, With Door Cover Wall mounted thus, there is no need for DB cabinet, it can be used in any location that require energy saving, Intelligent control such as Convention Centre, Hotel, Shopping Mall, Residential Building, Banquet Room, Stadium, Airport, Theme Park, Gymnasium, Intelligent Villa, Smart Mansion.
It can also be connected to any manual dimmer or other dimming system to boost the signal to required load for each channel. It Can Control 6 channels, each can handle 30 looped 0-10V Ballasts, Inclusive with 10A relay per channel. Our project story on Energy efficiency for Latvian multi-apartment dwellings shows how this can be done. Using existing knowledge requires the least resources, and small surveys are also fairly easily done, but we warmly recommend at least some face-to-face interviews or focus groups to get acquainted with your target group. You could then assess what you know about these different groups using our checklist What do you know about your target group? For example, the Carbon Trust in the UK has estimated that there is an economic energy efficiency potential of 30% in SMEs, and some best practice businesses have achieved savings of up to 50%.
Identifying the causes and effects of problems can be an important step in discovering why inefficient practices exist and persist. It is easy to see that you need top management commitment, buy-in by line managers, as well as engagement of the relevant staff members. Their importance varies by country but also depends on the history and structure of the organization. It is a good idea to organize meetings before, during and after your project focusing specifically on monitoring and evaluation. Remember to plan for period evaluations at important milestones of your project, and to engage those delivering the project as much as possible in such evaluations (see Step 13: Evaluate and improve). On the other hand, however hard you work, the current situation also sets limits on what you can accomplish (for example, some people have already made the investments you aim to promote).
We invested a lot of time in establishing close contact with the building manager and the building elder, whom residents already trust - Agris Kamenders, Ekodoma Ltd. As one of the first steps in the development of the project Ekodoma analysed the problem they want to solve with their project in great detail. This might sound trivial, but many projects target a problem that is not meaningful to the target group and will therefore encounter problems in actually changing the behaviour of that target group. Knowing this, we focused our information on the costs and revenues of renovation - Agris Kamenders,  Ekodoma Ltd.
Here, we describe how Agris Kamenders selected the best tools for engaging his particular target group.
Although the pilot project manager did not know the residents of the participating buildings prior to first face-to-face meetings, he was well aware of some of the most crucial issues, e.g. This requires visiting the target group in the environment where the project aims to implement more efficient behaviour. This helped to monitor how opinions changed, where people usually get information about energy efficiency from and what kind of information they would like to receive. Our first task in understanding the context was to narrow down the selection to one or two of these.

We did this by interviewing the project managers, reviewing newspaper articles and organising meetings with people from the municipalities.
Initially, CFLs cost more than incandescent bulbs, but they last at least seven times longer and use less energy.
For example, a low wattage bulb can be used to provide general lighting in a kitchen area where it is common to leave the light on for extended periods. Fittings should be sufficiently large as CFLs are usually larger than conventional light bulbs.
For the fresh food compartment temperatures should be kept at 3-4 degrees Celsius or 37-40 degrees Fahrenheit. Moisture makes it more difficult to cool the compartment and also encourages frost build-up. This may reduce energy used by the air-conditioning units by as much as 10% compared with a unit located in an un-shaded area. Check the door seal (gasket) by opening the door, putting a dollar bill between the seal and the frame, and closing the door. The most economic way of achieving a good thickness of insulation in the roof slope is to have two layers of timber: the first to support the roof finish, the second to support the insulation and ceiling finish. Targets have a high success rate, if they are defined with a detailed plan and review process. This gives way to further ideas, knowledge share, methodologies and builds momentum in achieving savings targets.
Can be used in any location that require Energy Saving, Intelligent control such as Convention Centre, Hotel, Shopping Mall, Residential Building, Banquet Room, Stadium, Airport, Theme Park, Gymnasium, Intelligent Villa, Smart Mansion.
Can be used in any location that require energy saving, intelligent control such as Convention Centre, Hotel, Shopping Mall, Residential Building, Banquet Room, Stadium, Airport, Theme Park, Gymnasium, Intelligent Villa, Smart Mansion. Can be used in any location that require energy saving, intelligent control such as Convention Centre, Hotel, Shopping Mall, Residential Building, Banquet Room, Stadium, Airport, Theme Park, Gymnasium, Intelligent Villa, Smart Mansion. In offices, changing employee (and sometimes even customer) behaviour and low-cost investments can really make a difference and reduce energy consumption significantly. For example, if you want to change office IT use practices or business travel practices, it is important to understand the reasons for the current practices. It is also important to maintain a common and accessible database of indicators, baselines, milestones and feedback received (see Energy Academy project story). You should also make sure that everyone involved appreciates the importance of collecting and keeping track of feedback received from your target group (see Step 12: Get some feedback) and that feedback received is widely shared among the project teams.
For example, although your goal might be to cut emissions of an apartment building, the actual problem causing the emissions might be that the apartment building is badly maintained.
Quantifiable goals are easy to monitor and assess, but qualitative goals such as increased sense of comfort can also be measured. If you target this type of behaviour you are trying to influence how people make decisions and you usually also want your target group to invest money. It was designed to allow open discussion, while addressing the issues pilot manager Ekodoma wanted to know more about. If this is not easily possible, for example if it would require observing people’s private life, energy diaries are another option.
Pilot manager Ekodoma took care to formulate questions which were easy to understand and easy to answer.
We learned that the municipalities decided to join this initiative because they expect to gain environmental improvements, but importantly also economic development, new investments, innovative solutions, visibility and a better reputation nationally. However, counter-top lights can be used to provide brighter direct lighting in specific areas when required. Temperatures for the freezer section should be kept at about 15 degrees Celsius or 5 degrees Fahrenheit.
Air-conditioning units that are too large, switch on and off frequently, reduces the efficiency of circulating cool air. Another added bonus of switching to energy efficient lighting is it lowers your cooling costs as LEDs give off less heat, meaning you can reduce your need for air conditioning which in turn saves money.
Start with an open mind and try to figure out what your target group’s main concerns are and what is going on in their lives right now. One thing we found might be helpful is to involve the pensioners’ children in the discussions. A survey may be the easiest way for you to fill in knowledge gaps, but you could also complement it with focus group interviews with the most relevant groups (e.g. They can also be a way to engage all employees in sustainability programmes (read more under Offices and SMEs). If possible, interview or engage people from your target group in analysing the causes and effects of current practices.
It showed for example that trust between residents and the building management is crucial.
This bad maintenance is thus the real problem you need to tackle to reach your ulterior goals. If you target curtailment behaviour, your aim is to create routines, new repetitive efforts to reduce energy use such as turning off lights or appliances when not in use or taking shorter showers. The pilot manager’s understanding of the target group built on existing knowledge discussed in national media, on experiences from earlier projects, and research conducted at the university.
Interview outcomes helped to improve the communication between all project stakeholders because Ekodoma could focus in future meetings on what people found most relevant.
Here, the project manager asks (some members of) the target group to keep track of energy consuming activities throughout several days (at least one week and one weekend day). Man kann zwar nicht daraus schließen wie stark diese Gruppe in der Zielgruppe vertreten ist, aber man bekommt einen Eindruck welche Abweichungen zu erwarten sind. Enespa also conducted a study on the cost-effective energy efficiency potential of buildings in the municipalities. For stand-alone freezers temperatures should be kept at 17 degrees Celsius or 1 degree Fahrenheit. Because such behaviours are not conscious, they are more difficult to influence through conventional tools like information. Furthermore, meetings with residents were often prepared based on short discussions with building elder and manager. Of course, it took some time to collect all answers in a spreadsheet and conduct some statistical analysis. In other words, co-benefits such as increased comfort and lower energy bills became apparent and central in the communication to residents. On the other hand, changes in curtailment behaviours can usually be realised at lower cost. Through this close collaboration Ekodoma was able to organise meetings in a way allowing many people to participate, e.g. The results were worth the effort because they helped to get better insight into who residents trust and what opinions they hold.

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