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Just for fun, I recently Googled the phrase “energy-saving tips.” I dove deep — all the way to page 7 of the Google results. Evidently, there is a secret stupid tips network (or stupid tips underground) that shares bad advice.
A tip fails the cost-effectiveness test if implementing the tip costs more than will ever be saved by lower energy bills. Install a ground-source heat pumpHome heating and cooling system that relies on the mass of the earth as the heat source and heat sink.
If you read enough lists of energy-saving tips, pretty soon you will realize that some tips directly contradict other tips.
How good are utility executives at quantifying the energy savings that homeowners can expect by implementing their recommendations?
Sometimes, a list of energy-saving tips includes a few oddball items that were thrown onto the list by a desperate writer battling a press deadline. The next tip reminds me of the advice given in the 1950s by parish priests about marital relations: Marital relations happen sometimes, but the act probably shouldn’t involve any pleasure. If you read enough of these energy-saving tips lists, you end up with a few that can only be called bizarre. So, after spending half a day wiping down my washer and dryer, how much energy will I save?
One useful website has advice for homeowners who want to do a thermal survey of their home, but who can’t afford an infrared thermometerA digital thermometer capable of measuring the temperature of a surface from a distance ranging from a few inches to a few feet. Here’s the advice from Avista Utilities: “Children and animals love comfort, and they can help us find possible heat loss in and around our homes.
Finally, here is a tip from an article called “Easy Ways to Save Energy This Winter,” published by The Telegraph. And the second tip belongs on a list of things you can do to minimize the chance of carbon-monoxide poisoning.
It should go without saying, but it seems that every time I write an article debunking energy-saving myths, I have to repeat the following statement: it's perfectly OK to engage in many of the activities listed on this page.
The difference of the pressure curves of clean versus dirty filters is pretty shocking as well.
Changing filters once a month won't save you any energy, and tips like this are a distraction from the important measures that can really reduce your annual energy bill.
Once the outside fan comes on, a tremendous volume of outdoor air flows across the outdoor heat exchange coils. While it's true that a thin film of air near siding that has been warmed by the sun, or a thin film of air near a metal box that has been warmed by the sun, is at a somewhat higher temperature than the outdoor air, the volume of air in that film is insignificant compared to the large volumes of air pulled through the condenser. Yes if a house has a dirty filter it will increase the speed of the fan and also could reduce the efficiency of the cooling system due to lower airflows (if not variable fan speed) - however in both cases it would have to be a freakishly dirty filter!
Caulking around windows "The big leaks are in your attic and basement" - OK, but that doesn't address how useful it is to do the windows if the big leaks are taken care of. AC Condenser in the shade: "debunked many years ago by researches at the FSEC" - where is the report? Close off heating registers: So the advice is contradictory - how about an explanation from an HVAC expert about what is the right advice?
The reason that you feel warmer on the south side of your house is because of radiation from the sun striking your skin and clothing -- not because the air temperature is different.
By now, weatherization contractors who are trying to reduce the air infiltration number shown on a blower door have learned where to look for leaks, and which leaks to address first. GBA has many articles that are written for homeowners who are just beginning to examine energy-related issues; you might be interested in browsing through our encyclopedia (available by clicking on the "Green Basics" tab at the top of every page). Finally, if you use the "search" box on the GBA website, you can find thousands of articles on many topics. I think your views on curtains, also noted in previous articles, need a little more evidentual backing. Like many of the tips discussed on this page, there is nothing wrong with pulling your curtains shut on a cold winter night. Regarding the studies (in Cal) were these results scewed by the HVAC being located in the attic and or primarily cooling data? Curious because duct losses (leak or temp) inside a conditioned space (floor, wall, basement) aren't completely lost or wasted. I think it's safe to assume that (a) most of the homes in the California study had ductwork that was partially outside of the thermal envelope of the house, and (b) most of the homes in the California study had leaky ductwork. I recently heard a presentation (at the December 2013 Buildings 12 conference in Florida) by Iain Walker of LBNL on “Building Envelope and Duct Airtightness of New U.S.
In regions of the country with basements, ducts are more likely to be indoors than in regions of the country with slab-on-grade homes. Homes with forced-air distribution systems are much harder to zone than systems with hydronic distribution systems. That reminds of Scott Adams' - Dilbert creator - acronym: (BOCTAOE) But of Course There Are Obvious Exceptions when presenting an argument or issue. Reading FSEC one report, it doesn't look like any striking conclusion can be made that it doesn't work, it just doesn't provide miracles, and may not be worth the cost. If you can take advantage of free site planning and placement, it might be worth the time for the few % point gains.
Would be nice to see them or someone do a more controlled study; identical units located in the same environment at the same time with controlled output, one shaded, one not. You would never see mechanics write an article telling you that changing your oil won't save you significantly at the pump without telling you that you still need to change your oil to prevent costly damage to you car. The focus of my article was to warn readers about energy-saving tips that are unsupported by data, so that readers who are interested in saving energy aren't waylaid by bad advice. You suggest that I should have included a section in my article explaining some of the useful characteristics and benefits of the measures that don't save energy. I will once again repeat what I wrote before: It's perfectly OK to engage in many of the activities listed on this page. Missing from the list is the advice I see alot from utilities: save fuel by lowering setting of the hot water heater. I can hardly believe I am defending Reliant Energy, but their advice to cook with a lid might be relevant to humidity in the house.
I have something to say about HVAC filters too, the advice to change every 30 days reminds me of oil-change businesses' advice to change your car's motor oil every 3000 miles.
On the subject of furnace filters though, I have a modest money-saving (though not necessarily energy-saving) tip. I agree some of these practices are stupid by any means of measurement, but others save energy in the aggregate even if they may not save significant money; simple little tasks or habits can have a significant impact on the overall energy usage when done by millions. Shading a heat pump with deciduous trees cools the summer heat by a minimum of 10F and lets the sun shine into the area in winter. I replaced my light bulbs with CFL bulbs and got complaints from my wife on the quality of the light.
I know that if I had access to seal the attic the ROI would be great, but access would involve major holes in gables. The R-2000 Standard (R-2000) is a technical performance standard for energy efficiency, air tightness quality for homes and also encompasses environmental responsibility in home construction. R-2000 is managed through consultations by the Government of Canada and industry representatives, such as researchers, home builders, product manufacturers, and other housing experts. For more information on becoming R-2000 certified or to inquire about the program, please contact us. Information sourced from The Office of Energy Efficiency, Department of Natural Resources, Government of Canada.
The main goal of a backup is to be able to recover data that has been lost either by accidental deletion, physical disk failure, or some other corruption. The secondary reason for a backup is to create an archive copy and thereby be able to restore previous version of a file.
Keep in mind this, often overlooked, fact: The backup software and tape drive you use today need to be available and functional for as long as you plan to keep your data, should you ever need to actually restore your data. Replication – Within IT, and especially when discussing Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity, replication refers to the act to sending an exact copy of live data to another system or location. Replication can be synchronous or asynchronous – With synchronous replication, the data is sent to the other system or location in real time and the other system acknowledges the receipt of each piece of data. Replication can be used to send backup data or live system data to a secondary failover location. Business Continuity – While Disaster Recovery aims to allow an organization to recover its IT systems and data within a specified time frame that may be hours, days or even weeks, Business Continuity encompasses much more than just IT.
A Business Continuity Plan (BCP) is usually developed from a Business Impact Analysis (BIA) that, depending on the size and complexity of the business, may take weeks and months to complete.
DR is an important subset of BC, but DR is event-based and IT specific, whereas BC is a continual, ongoing process that encompasses people, buildings, supply chain, crisis communications, transportation, security, public relations, etc., etc.
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and the anthrax attacks in the fall of 2001, federal and state personnel provided response, recovery, and remediation under trying circumstances, including unprecedented demand on their capabilities to analyze environmental samples. In response, EPA formed the Homeland Security Laboratory Capacity Workgroup to identify and implement opportunities for near-term improvements and to develop recommendations for addressing longer-term laboratory issues.
These certifications qualify our team to work in, around and supervise employees during clean-up operations required by a governmental body and OSHA whether Federal, state local or other entities involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites as well as Emergency response operations for releases of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard. Commercial buildings, private and public facilities, processing plants and industrial sites affected by disasters have a need to out-source the technical components of their loss.
When any electrical equipment has been infiltrated by water whether by flash flood or long term flooding, or has been sprayed, splashed, hosed, extinguished or has standing water in, on or around it, or housed in high humidity conditions or is sweating and or at the dew point it must be professionally assessed. Indeed, it’s almost like getting an entirely new iOS device — not just for all the new features Apple has built into it, but because they’re all designed to hew to a single design vision and hit that intersection Cook describes above. It is true that many people tend to use these phrases in conjunction to an event, typically used in a setting where everyone asks “What happened?” In actuality the definitions of these terms don’t vary, but the parameters, scope, and process of how these words are defined for the individual customer or client changes.
This is essentially true, though I have a problem with the term “backup solutions”.  A raw backup of any files would just be an exact copy of that file. What this post neglects to point out, however, is that in every backup solution, there is a recovery solution that has to tie into the process. Flash rusting and corrosion enhanced by flooding and drying can be adverted with proper mitigation protocols. Fast action is the key to being able to restore sensitive electronics, equipment and electrical gear. NEMA’s Evaluating Water-Damaged Electrical Equipment, first published in 2004, contains excellent reference material to evaluate electrical equipment that has been exposed to water through flooding, firefighting activities, hurricanes, and other circumstances. The document provides a table summarizing recommended actions for various types of electrical equipment to determine whether they need to be replaced or reconditioned. For the first time in the healthcare industry in the United States, business continuity planning and disaster recovery capability will become mandatory for all healthcare organizations.
Currently, healthcare providers in the US are visited approximately every three years (pressure is being exerted to make this more often and even surprise) by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), which grades the entire environment of care. Medical centers in the US, especially in California, have well documented and well practiced emergency response plans.
Definition of minimum acceptable level of service and detailed actions to get to that level. Voice communications recovery planning must be done related to the overall contingency plan as well as the specific critical business units.
In the 1980s, an inter-agency cooperative effort was formed to develop a common organizational system which fire protection agencies could use in response to a very large incident, as well as smaller, day to day operations. In 1987, the Hospital Council of Northern California completed work on an adaptation of ICS to hospital emergency response functions. Responsibility oriented chain of command, which provides a manageable scope of supervision. Wide acceptance through commonality of mission and language in both the public and private sectors. Prioritization of duties with the use of Job Action Sheets, position job descriptions which have a prioritized list of emergency response tasks that promote documentation of the incident. Applicability to varying types and magnitudes of emergency events, a flexible program which can be expanded or scaled back to meet the particular needs of a specific crisis. Thorough documentation of actions taken in response to the emergency, which may improve recovery of financial expenditures. The HEICS structure is a chain of command which incorporates four sections under the overall leadership of the Emergency Incident Commander (IC).
There should be an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) and emergency management system in place that incorporates business recovery teams and the infrastructure necessary to support recovery.
The intensity and frequency of major natural disasters is increasing, from 100 per year in the 1970s to more than 500 per year today, according to the Harvard School of Public Health. From hurricanes to fires and floods, ice storms and earthquakes, natural disasters are on the rise, and in no field is it more critical to be prepared than healthcare. While major disasters are a critical risk, the majority of business interruptions are caused by unforeseen circumstances – singular events that can’t be predicted, such as fires, power outages, and server failures. This table is provided as a reference that can be used by both the health care staffing services (HCSS) firm and the reviewer. Eleven days before Valentine’s Day 2012, one of the biggest candy and confectionery holiday seasons of the year was seriously interrupted for our client by an early morning fire event. Another Pittsburgh favorite, Disaster Restoration Services of Pittsburgh (DRS), was called upon to help Sarris Candies with the restoration process. At 7:30 AM on February 3, 2012 DRS received a call from the client and their insurance broker to help provide assistance and responded immediately. To appreciate the sensitivities and stresses of the specific project it is important that the size and scope of the loss be understood as well as the impact on the business. The immediate and quick response by DRS and their subcontractor Electro-Mechanical Recertifiers, Inc (ER) to treat various pieces of production equipment saved the insurance carrier roughly $700,000 to $900,000 in equipment replacement.
The client had a primary core goal to get into business with the shortest path to recovery. Unforeseen Code upgrades and various changes to electrical and structural building components had to be dealt with.
Joint approvals from the client and then the insurance company for selections, work approvals or extra charges can be a challenge and take valuable time to obtain. Original drawings were not always available and nor were stamped engineered drawings therefor engineering and architectural services had to be relied upon for current designs and subsequent client approvals and then submitted to local code officials. Having multiple parties of experts show up and constantly ask questions sometime meaningful and other times seemingly redundant and how to accommodate that is a daily challenge.
Finding hidden damages and items that need repaired as exposed to meet code and then having the carrier determine the validity of the upgrade or the coverage for an item can be a stressful especially when you are tempting to fast track a project.
Weekly meetings were held to review the work completed and the work in progress of the project. DRS work with reliable engineers and architects that could produce drawings in a timely fashion to ensure proper cooperation with building code officials and the State of Pennsylvania’s Labor and Industry Department.
Times Observer photo by Brian FerryElectronic recertificationDipesh Pokhrel of Electro-Mechanical Recertifiers uses compressed air and a vacuum to clean ammonium phosphate dust and other contaminants from a keyboard from Youngsville High School. The clean-up is in response to damages allegedly resulting from vandalism by three former YHS students.
The initial estimate from the Warren County School District for this phase of the work was $238,000. The main problem in the school was the discharge of most of the fire extinguishers in the school and the resulting release of corrosive ammonium phosphate dust.
Each box is moved to the company’s mobile lab, ER-1, which is one of two trailers parked in the YHS parking lot.
Because of the nature of the problem at Youngsville, those features will not be used on many devices there. Instead, Electro-Mechanical personnel will use compressed air to remove particles from the outside of each device, while using suction to remove those particles. Mice and keyboards are cleaned and every fifth one is tested beyond watching for errors when the CPU and monitor are tested. If the equipment works as expected, Taveras puts a green sticker on it – every piece.
The company handled several buildings in the New York area, including the JP Morgan Chase office, he said. Mobile hepa filters and carts carrying the necessary tools are moved about the school to clean mounted projectors, wood shop electronics, the server cabinet, the intercom system, every device in the boiler room, and other stationary items. ER Electrician Ed McCarty is in charge of cleaning the building’s electrical distribution system, including the mains and panels. Although ER personnel work in places that have suffered extensive damages, they are part of the healing process. The three students facing charges for allegedly causing the damage are scheduled for preliminary hearings Wednesday in Warren County Court.


In its 2013 Atlantic hurricane season outlook issued today, NOAA’s Climate Prediction Centeris forecasting an active or extremely active season this year.
For the six-month hurricane season, which begins June 1, NOAA’s Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook says there is a 70 percent likelihood of 13 to 20 named storms (winds of 39 mph or higher), of which 7 to 11 could become hurricanes (winds of 74 mph or higher), including 3 to 6 major hurricanes (Category 3, 4 or 5; winds of 111 mph or higher).
Three climate factors that strongly control Atlantic hurricane activity are expected to come together to produce an active or extremely active 2013 hurricane season. NOAA’s seasonal hurricane outlook is not a hurricane landfall forecast; it does not predict how many storms will hit land or where a storm will strike.
New for this hurricane season are improvements to forecast models, data gathering, and the National Hurricane Center communication procedure for post-tropical cyclones.
Also this year, Doppler radar data will be transmitted in real time from NOAA’s Hurricane Hunter aircraft.
The National Weather Service has also made changes to allow for hurricane warnings to remain in effect, or to be newly issued, for storms like Sandy that have become post-tropical.
NOAA’s outlook for the Eastern Pacific basin is for a below-normal hurricane season and the Central Pacific basin is also expected to have a below-normal season.
NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth’s environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources.
Multi-Purpose Dry Chemical – Typically uses a chemical agent called mono ammonium phosphate. Purple K Dry Chemical – Uses a potassium-bicarbonate-based dry chemical agent which is a nuisance and acts as a simulator to electronics causing over heating issues.
Install a HEPA air scrubber to reduce, control and remove effects of airborne particulate circulating around the area of damage. Because dry chemical fire extinguishers are very corrosive especially to metal surfaces, those surfaces should be cleaned and treated first to naturalize and restore materials.
Clean, rinse and dry as well as bake as needed all technical contents in batch processing method using correct chemistry for each substrate. Confirm proper operation after the commissioning of equipment and prior to handing over to the client. Warning: We always test substrates for chemical reactivity, etching, softening of substrates and colorfastness. From printed circuit boards, chocolate molds, carburetors to precision instruments of all types, Electro-Mechanical Recertifiers, Inc. Our method is safer, faster, less expensive and more effective than traditional hand cleaning, pressure washing or chemical treatments. Non-toxic ultrasonic cleaning bubbles eradicate even microscopic grime in the tiniest crevices, outperforming conventional hand scrubbing with harsh chemicals. Mobile cleaning lab and our industrial parts cleaning tanks are large enough to handle any job.
Our technicians have experience with cleaning expensive alloys, metals and composite materials of all shapes and sizes. Using this method you’ll improve the quality of your products, increase production times, efficiency and decrease your impact on the environment. Every now and then, some utility executive or government employee comes up with a new stupid tip, and (worried that the idea might not get the recognition it deserves) immediately sends out a mass e-mail to every member of the stupid tips network, so that the tip can be published widely. The bad advice is so pervasive that I have decided to catalog these tips by category — to create a taxonomy of stupid tips. Seal the seams of any ducts located outside the thermal envelope of your home, and add duct insulation if the ducts are poorly insulated.
If your refrigerator, furnace, or air conditioner is old, swap it for a new, high-efficiency appliance.
If your house has single-pane windows and you live in a cold climate, install low-eLow-emissivity coating.
If you live in a cold climate and you heat with fuel oil, consider installing a ductless minisplit heat pumpHeating and cooling system in which specialized refrigerant fluid in a sealed system is alternately evaporated and condensed, changing its state from liquid to vapor by altering its pressure; this phase change allows heat to be transferred into or out of the house. The basic problem with tips that save cooking energy is that cooking represents only 4% of U.S.
This tip comes from an electric utility called Reliant, the city of Tallahassee, Florida, the city of Richland, Washington, and Alliant Energy. According to NV Energy, replacing “inefficient single-pane windows with energy efficient multi-pane, thermally-broken, vinylCommon term for polyvinyl chloride (PVC). According to Wisconsin Public Service, “Just by using the right size pot on a burner, you can save about $36 a year if you have an electric range, or $18 a year with a gas stove.” Or perhaps 48 cents. According to Virginia Energy Sense, this simple measure “can cut your energy bill by as much as 30%!” Or maybe 1%. According to Alliant Energy, “A $50-100 annual tune-up can help reduce your heating costs by up to five percent.” Or maybe 0%. According to PSNC Energy, this simple measure can increase the efficiency of your air conditioner by 10%. This strange energy-saving tip can get you into trouble very fast, since the use of humidifiers is associated with sheathingMaterial, usually plywood or oriented strand board (OSB), but sometimes wooden boards, installed on the exterior of wall studs, rafters, or roof trusses; siding or roofing installed on the sheathing—sometimes over strapping to create a rainscreen. Humidifiers are promoted as a good way to save energy by Georgia Natural Gas and Black Hills Power. Unfortunately, homes that perform well without attic ventilation sometimes develop problems when vents are added.
According to United Power, a Colorado electric utility, it’s possible to save energy if you “set your hot tub heater thermostat to 102? F.” I’m sorry, United Power, but that’s not going to happen.
Most hand-held infrared thermometers include a laser to help aim the device; the laser plays no role in temperature measurement.
If there are areas around single pane windows, doors or vents that your kids avoid, consider checking for heat loss. The first tip doesn't belong on a list of energy-saving tips; it belongs on a list of things you can do to prepare for a power outage. If you use the "search" box on our site, you'll find enough information to keep you reading for hours. Storm windows may be more cost effective than new windows energy-wise, but keep in mind that they won't make a crappy old window operate better, or add any resale value to the house.
This might not be the place to say it, but I'd like to voice my appreciation for this site and the obvious dedication and effort you put into it. Homes that are dusty will need more frequent filter changes than homes that are less dusty. It represents a tiny percentage of the air that is forced by the fan through the condenser coils. Although this work is unlikely to make a significant difference if you are trying to reduce the rate of air leakage in your home, it's perfectly sensible to do it, and it can often improve occupant comfort. One of the best articles on this topic, "The Nonbenefit of Shading Air Conditioners," was published in the July 1995 issue of Energy Design Update.
In that article, I wrote, "[Michael] Blasnik quotes a study performed by Iain Walker, a staff scientist at LBNL: 'The results of this study showed that register closing led to increased energy use for a typical California house over a wide combination of climate, duct leakage, and number of closed registers.
I'm not sure why this tip is offered -- the logic behind bad advice is often lost in the mists of time. You guessed correctly: fireplaces are responsible for huge levels of air leakage, even when they aren't operating. It worked wonders for me in my feckless youth until a coworker asked me to shower more often. While the theory seems sound, I have always found that closing curtains, whether well sealed at the top or not has a significant effect on both comfort and the measureable temperature of the room for a constant heat source.
This measure will usually improve occupant comfort, by reducing the chilling effect (radiational cooling) that occurs when heat radiates from a person's skin or clothing to a cold window pane. The discussion failed to address the characteristics of an effective window quilt, thereby wasting an opportunity to explain what a good window quilt would look like.
The discussion failed to address the fact that effective window quilts aren't a cost-effective energy savings measure, because any savings attributable to the use of a window quilt aren't enough to justify the high cost of a window quilt. We'd all love to see builders start putting ducts indoors, and we'd all love to see well-sealed ductwork. Dwellings.” According to Walker, "Duct leakage is low in Washington and high in New Mexico and Florida. Shutting off registers isn't good for the system, because the furnace or air handler needs a minimum air flow over the heat exchanger or over the indoor coil to operate properly. Also important to note that some shading attempts like that in the third experiment can have a negative affect.
Ideally, these lists would start with tips that either result in significant energy savings, or which fall into the "big bang for your buck" category. The article was certainly too long; at 2,600 words, it violates all of the rules of blogging. I have tried to fill in the gaps in the Comments section by providing more documentation to support the statements made in the article. As it is in hot-humid South Texas (mainly Houston), outdoor dewpoint may be 72F much of the summer and indoor humidity is often poorly controlled too.
If there are energy savings to be calculated, it could be that doing so removes from the equation driving to a store and buying a new filter. The utilities may be implying individual households will see it on their monthly bill, when the utility is more concerned with the capacity of power plants, and, I would hope, the size of a carbon footprint over years. When a home is built to the R-2000 Standard, they will typically exceed the energy performance requirements set out by Canadian building codes, and are recognized as being environmentally responsible homes.
These partners meet regularly to review new housing research and will upgrade the R-2000 Standard as new developments occur. A rating of 0 represents a home with major air leakage, no insulation, and extremely high energy consumption. Sometimes people use jargon to be deliberately obtuse or perhaps make something simple seem complex.
Virtually all computer users have lost or deleted files on their personal or work machines at some point. The number of versions of a file or the retention time of files is set within the data retention policies configured within the backup application or process. After a disk crash, system failure or physical disaster, all systems will need to be rebuilt and configured from scratch and only then can the data be loaded onto the systems.
This is used only in very high capacity systems (credit card processing, stock market etc), has distance limitations (~60 miles) and will rarely be encountered at the customers we usually deal with. When the replication method is asynchronous, there is a delay (typically seconds to minutes) from when the data is written on the originating system until it is sent to the secondary system and no acknowledgement of receipt of the data by the secondary system is required.
The key to understanding where replication fits in your DR or BC plan is that replication is a (more or less) live copy of the original data, so when the original file or folder is deleted or corrupted, that deletion or corruption is also replicated to the failover system.
The goal of Disaster Recovery is to get the IT assets of an organization up and running within a specified time parameter and with a specified limit to the amount of data lost.
The goal of Business Continuity is the continual availability of critical business functions to customers and suppliers, and this goal is met by implementing standards, programs, and policies that are implemented on a day-to-day basis to maintain service, consistency, and recoverability.
An organizations reaction to events we would not associate with DR, such as BP’s oil spill in the Gulf, the Bhopal accident in India, or a plane crash that takes the life of the CEO are covered by implementation of a proper BC plan. Each organization needs to look at its budget, how much lost data and downtime that it can realistically afford and make its decision accordingly.
In reviewing these events, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identified several areas where the country could better prepare itself in the event of future terrorist incidents.
The EPA Homeland Security Laboratory Capacity Workgroup consists of representatives from the Office of Research and Development (ORD), Office of Air and Radiation (OAR), Office of Water (OW), Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER), Office of Environmental Information, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, and several EPA regional offices.
Machinery, electrical equipment and computers that are adversely affected need a fast track recovery plan. Water and the accompanying contaminates carried in through the roof rain water, firefighting suppression, rising flood waters and storm surge can cause immediate fire, explosion and shorting resulting in upstream and downstream damages to other system components, cabling and wiring as well as other equipment installed or electrically attached equipment.
It’s a reconceptualization of the OS that aspires to unify Apple’s vision of hardware and software into a holistic experience, and it’s the result of the new era of collaboration at the company that began last year with the ouster of former iOS chief Scott Forstall and the elevation of Jony Ive to SVP of design. So when we say “Recovery” or “Continuity” we have to drill down further to specify for whom this is referring to. But consider the fact that something this definition overlooks is the process and procedures involved in restoring from a backup. Without that piece of the puzzle, backed up data that can’t be legibly visible would just take up space. Some items may corrode from the secondary effects of the flooding just by being in non-climate controlled conditions and being exposed to high moisture meaning relative humidity has reached condensing levels or the dew point has beenexceeded meaning these items have been exposed much higher levels of humidity than designed and energizing them without a thorough analysis of the effects of corrosion may result in premature failure.
It is voluntary for a healthcare organization to submit to a JCAHO inspection (a high grade confers prestige), but the JCAHO does not have enforcement power and also does not consider business recovery during the inspection.
The cooperative plan, known as Firescope, produced a management system that has become standard operating procedure across the United States – Incident Command System (ICS). This work served as the cornerstone of the original version of HEICS (1991) developed by Orange County Emergency Medical Services. One facility in Virginia’s Clarion Health System, CRCH, was closed for 16 days as the result of a fire. In some instances, documentation is required to demonstrate compliance with standards and elements of performance (EPs). At the time of the fire no one knew the extent of the loss and this took some time to grasp the damage.
First by providing initial emergency services and then working with their insurance carrier and consultants to provide a construction scope and estimate for the project.
We dispatched project managers and emergency crew members to provide for immediate site containment and electrical safety concerns. Chocolate was melted on and in equipment, bulk chocolate destroyed, as well as numerous finished goods.
During the restoration process, reporters showed up at various stages, vendors arrived to help and clients who had not heard of the loss on the news had arrived for plant tours or ice cream parlor outings.
They were very concerned about key staff leaving, extended rebuild times and the ability to phase in sections or areas of the buildings.
Their experts included inventory specialists, forensic accountants, building consultants, salvage companies and engineers.
The new electrical codes as well as structural loads and fire code issues had to be addressed in the scope. We recognized our good standing with the client early on and embraced the partnership of working together to meet their goals and objectives.
Leading them to address all questions through a POC for the client or a project manager who can distribute the information to all parties helps manage the process and make it more efficient. This estimating and tracking of additional requirements and costs is important to the project’s success. At this time DRS would set goals for selections of materials and provide completion dates of certain tasks so Sarris Candies could prepare themselves moving forward.
Architectual drawings and engineering services can be strenuous activity that stalls progress because the process must be fast tracked. If necessary, the electronics can be dried in a heating cabinet or washed in the ultra-sonic acid wash.
In the case of computer CPUs, each case is opened and the same process applied to the interior. Forecasts for individual storms and their impacts will be provided throughout the season by NOAA’s National Hurricane Center. In July, NOAA plans to bring online a new supercomputer that will run an upgraded Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) model that provides significantly enhanced depiction of storm structure and improved storm intensity forecast guidance.
This will help forecasters better analyze rapidly evolving storm conditions, and these data could further improve the HWRF model forecasts by 10 to 15 percent.
This flexibility allows forecasters to provide a continuous flow of forecast and warning information for evolving or continuing threats.
NOAA will issue an updated outlook for the Atlantic hurricane season in early August, just prior to the historical peak of the season.
Carbon dioxide extinguishers leave no residue and are commonly used in computer rooms and food storage areas.
Switches, contacts, circuited boards, power supplies and ports must be preserved until they can be treated. We follow all cleaning compound label directions, and we never mix products unless specified in the label directions and batch tested first.
More importantly, by using our affordable compounds of water-based soaps and enzyme solutions instead of spray solvents and toxic cleaning products, you’ll save the environment and 70% or more from harsh chemical use. What is the actual replacement cost versus restoration cost if quick uptime is not a factor? Do you have a business continuity or resumption plan for your IT recovery in the event of a disaster?


Typically following well written plans will most likely result in the quickest recovery time possible. As I’ve noted before, researchers haven’t been able to measure any energy savings resulting from this measure.
As Michael Blasnik has shown, there is no evidence to support the idea that the cost of an annual furnace tune-up can ever be recouped by energy savings. There are only two problems with the advice: electrical outlets aren’t a major air leakage point, and gaskets don’t stop air leaks at this location.
When this advice is repeated, the authors usually fail to mention that you need a way to stop air from flowing between the curtain and the window — or else convection currents will sabotage your efforts to save energy.
Very thin metallic coating on glass or plastic window glazing that permits most of the sun’s short-wave (light) radiation to enter, while blocking up to 90% of the long-wave (heat) radiation.
Many energy-saving tips have this same flavor: they are intended to keep homeowners busy — too busy to read the meter or pay attention to their actual energy bills.
But some electric utilities are under the mistaken impression that adding attic ventilation can lower cooling bills, even though no researcher has ever been able to measure such savings. It comes from an article called “Remodeling Tips to Save Energy At Home” published by Living Green Magazine. Used as an inexpensive substitute for a thermal imaging camera, an infrared thermometer can detect hot or cold spots on walls, ceilings, and duct systems. Rub two whole fillets of salmon with a mixture of two tablespoons of sea salt, one tablespoon of soft brown sugar, a bunch of chopped fresh dill and a generous glass of vodka or schnapps. Most homes will do just fine if the filter is changed once or twice a year -- but if you want to do it more often, that's fine too. Outdoor air is at the same temperature on the sunny side of your house as it is on the shady side of your house. Windows tend to be located near the home's neutral pressure plane, and are therefore much less affected by the stack effect.
But remember: the first places to begin your air sealing efforts are your attic, basement, and crawl space.
While it is not available on the web, you may be able to find it in a good academic library. I would guess that someone was trying to reduce the volume of air that spills out of a refrigerator every time the door is opened. When they are operating, they often remove more heated air from your house than they provide, resulting in a net loss of heat. In any case, whether your are a beginner or an energy geek, we welcome your feedback, and we also welcome questions on our Q&A page.
Shutting off registers causes more air to escape from leaks -- and most duct systems have leaks.
Tips that result in only very small levels of energy savings, or which aren't particularly cost-effective, wouldn't make the list. The problem is that a typical 3-ton unit moves about 2,800 cubic feet of air per minute or 170,000 cubic feet per hour.
Something which reduces indoor humidity would indeed reduce the felt need for AC a bit, and there might actually be some energy savings. As far as I could discern, it wasn't designed to be a complete treatment or explanation of why those recommended practices aren't helpful in saving energy. Or reducing the amount of trucking and packaging used to transport and protect a new filter. In the summer we have 15 hours of daylight and in the winter the heat replaced some of the baseboard load. R-2000 certified builders receive additional training and information to keep them up to date with the current R-2000 practices and standards. The rating is calculated based on standard operation assumptions so that the energy performance of one house can be compared against another. A rating of 100 represents a house that is airtight, well insulated, sufficiently ventilated, and requires no purchased energy on an annual basis. Many organizations have regulatory requirements such as HIPAA, SOX, FDA Title 21 CFR Part 11, etc.
Distance limitations and not a concern for asynchronous replication and it can be performed over a VPN connection on the public Internet as well as MPLS and Point-to-Point connections. A critical area identified by the workgroup was the need for a list of analytical methods to be used by all laboratories when analyzing homeland security event samples and, in particular, when analysis of many samples is required over a short period of time. EPA’s Standardized Analytical Methods for Environmental Restoration Following Homeland Security Events (SAM) provides information for analytical methods to be applied during the “Site Remediation” phase. ER Inc also provides technical and engineering consulting reports.  Call our toll free day or night for emergency services   877-378-4183. In an effort to limit losses and expedite business resumption, ER has such a program in place. Left untreated and to dry slowly causes oxidation of the contaminates present resulting in corrosion of base metals. As programs are basically just combinations of files that are packaged together and reliant upon each other.
Some applications require a specific start up sequence or a process and procedure involved in order for the data or application to work. Any deviation from the original source of where the data originated could be a point of contention of stability and liability. If energized during the event the affected equipment and machinery may have sustained damage to the circuit breakers, in-line fuses, motors and main fuses which may have “blown and shorted” from the initial onslaught of water infiltration.
The upgraded device is consistent with new equipment standards and technological advancements without disturbing the primary enclosure, incoming and outgoing cable connections, or operating controls. It is not clear at this time which agency will be the enforcement arm of the federal government for HIPAA. Business recovery is different in that it considers what happens when the emergency response triage period of 24 or 48 hours is over. They have patients to protect, keep safe and possibly move, and new ones to care for as a result of the disaster.
In other situations, documentation may help the reviewer determine if requirements are met; however, the standards and EPs do not require the organization to have material available in writing. The February 3, 2012 fire had affected the main operation center of the 50 year old candy manufacturer. Once the building was secure from the elements ,we were able to make building, equipment and inventory assessments jointly with the client to determine items affected and levels of damage. This was a very public business that had a great reputation and wanted to be back in business.
In saving these moulds it was an estimated cost savings of $1.2 million dollars to Travelers Insurance. This need had to be first recognized and then addressed to keep this goal as a priority for our team. As is typical there were daily changes and some stumbling blocks but because we established a rapport and understood the client objectives they treated us like a true partner and team member from beginning to end of the project. There were 10 ER employees on site Tuesday; as many as 20 will be involved in the process at the height of operations.
Very little residue is left however the event causes a blown down or release that moves operational dust and covers all surfaces with dust.
Consideration for shipping, removal, proper disposal, conjuration, set ups and software installation costs as well as mapping, cabling and racking costs must be studied. This tip (often referred to as the “make-work-for-HVAC(Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning).
These two small problems don’t prevent the following sources from providing the tip: the California Energy Commission, a gas utility called PSNC Energy, Alliant Energy, and CNN. This tip may even make you uncomfortable enough to turn up the thermostat, raising your energy bills.
This incomplete tip is provided by many sources, including Connecticut Light & Power and the website of the National Association of Certified Home Inspectors.
A photovoltaic (PV) cell has no moving parts; electrons are energized by sunlight and result in current flow. That’s when you should consider lowering your thermostat and using a space heater.” But another list — “101 Ways to Save Energy,” a document on an Alliant Energy web page — advises, “Avoid using space heaters, including electric, kerosene or propane models.
In a cooling-dominated climate like Nevada, electricity savings will vary greatly depending on many factors, including how shaded the windows are; but it is highly unlikely that electricity savings will approach 25%. It’s hard to imagine why this suggestion is on anyone’s list of “energy-saving tips,” but it is.
In spite of the lack of data, this measure is recommended by Reliant, PSNC Energy, and Long Island Power Authority. Nevertheless, you can find this tip on lists published by the state of Nebraska and Black Hills Power. Sandwich together and put in the fridge, weighted down by a wooden chopping board and several kitchen weights or other heavy items. The energy savings resulting from making this volume of air smaller would be insignificant. But for the misanthropes in the audience, reducing consumption of hot water has got to be a genuine energy saver. In order for a shading device to be effective, it would have to shade the entire area in which that air is contained. I agree there may be smarter ways -- more bang for the buck, or watts for the work -- to save both energy and money. We took the foam removed from the kits and put them on the back of baby safety plugs from the dollar store.
As the standard is upgraded, it includes new technologies and is flexible enough to apply to any type of home.
Having standardized methods would reduce confusion, permit sharing of sample load between laboratories, improve data comparability, and simplify the task of outsourcing analytical support to the commercial laboratory sector. Extensive experience with equipment restoration allows us to provide unparalleled response.
However specific mitigation and emergency services steps must be taken to preserve this equipment. A solution (if it is financially feasible) would be to have an exact duplicate of the originating system on hand.
I think the right way of asking these questions would be “What is an acceptable time frame for recovery?
The second onslaught of damage to electronics is “ongoing and continues” even as the water recedes. Electrical wiring, motors, computers, motor starters, contactors and control cabinets received contaminates from the flood water (ground water and salt water from flooding is very contaminated) this water contains chlorides, sulfides, heavy metals, hydrocarbons and other biological inhibitors and environmental waste chemicals that are unhealthy, toxic and corrosive. The business continuity plans that start implementation at the time of the disaster come to fruition while the triage period is happening, enabling the recovery of critical business functions and supporting information technology within the specified Recovery Time Objective (RTO). Conversely, the Harvard School of Public Health suggests that every dollar invested in disaster preparedness yields savings of $4–$11 in disaster response, relief and recovery.
In those instances, the HCSS firm will demonstrate compliance with the standards and EPs by using other methods. The Sarris Candies corporate facilities are located just south of the city of Pittsburgh in the Washington County town of Canonsburg.
The fire damaged the plant including portions of the main production facility, the ice cream parlor, the retail store and the general business offices. The client was very personable and carefully worded all press releases and news interviews. The company started on Monday, July 22, and Project Coordinator Dan Rafferty expects the work to take three to four weeks. Collectively, the mechanical systems that heat, ventilate, and cool a building.-techs” tip) is trumpeted by an electric utility called WE Energies, Wisconsin Public Service, a New Mexico electric utility called PNM, EnergyRight Solutions, and a utility named Alliant Energy.
Among the guilty are the California Energy Commission, NV Energy, WE Energies, the California Natural Resources Agency, Virginia Energy Sense, and a utility called NSTAR Electric & Gas. But the advice is provided by Duke Energy, Alabama Power, an electric utility called Xcel Energy, and a Sustainability blog on the University of Illinois at Chicago web site. There is no downside to keeping a big block of ice in your freezer, so go right ahead and do that if you want to. Standardized methods would also improve the follow-up activities of validating results, evaluating data, and making decisions. Without the proper systems, applications, operating systems, hardware, or even situational environments: data will only be valuable in the environment it is created and used. I know of various high finance high stress corporations that swap out systems on the fly that are matched pairs.
Disaster Recovery and Business continuity do go hand in hand, but they can conceivably work independent of each other. As the water recedes the stainless, copper, aluminum and plain steel substrates of micro-circuitry and electrical components which have been covered in contaminated water continue to oxidize from the contaminates in the water as the oxygen hits the contaminated metallic surfaces which increases corrosion exponentially. In healthcare, business recovery planning by definition has an automated systems focus and works with the information technology dependent business functions in the planning process.
According to FEMA’s Hurricane Ike Impact Report, the facility lost $276 million in revenue after Hurricane Ike as a result of closure of the hospital’s facilities and the resulting downtime of business operations. The cause of the fire was deemed electrical but had also affected a large section of the roof structure, the first and second floor production areas and smoke had infiltrated 60% of the building before being extinguished. Bill Sarris and management staff of Sarris Candies as well as various insurance representatives and consultants for an initial and ongoing plan.
This also required large amounts of our time and expertise to help the navigate their specific questions, document the damages and understand the insurance coverage and limits. A flash drive is used to run PC Doctor software on all CPUs that fail to boot to determine if the problem is the setup or something more serious.
Hard to replace, harder to recover and even harder to re-create- data is costly work product. If resuming business operations ASAP is a priority then restoration of IT systems makes sense!
To this end, workgroup members formed an Analytical Methods Subteam to address homeland security methods issues.
We serve both union and non-union clients; working with strategic partners to bring together the most respected and experienced experts in the industry.
Electrical powered gear, components and distribution equipment can be deemed safe as of a specific point in time.
But in a scenario where the application and files needed “float”, making a backup could conceivably exist in the same physical area. Do you have any leased items and anything that requires remote access or third party involvement?” Also “What amount of data can rely on to stabilize your company? Any organization not showing due diligence in starting this process will be in noncompliance. Medical care can be provided without computers or technology of any kind in triage mode, but in a matter of days when the emergency response phase is winding down, dependency on information technology increases because the goal is to return to as close to normal operations as possible.
It was clear that the Sarris priorities were about retaining their employees during this time and filling their various customer obligations much more than profits. Time to replace with new computers, installations and networking can be done over time and phased in later as a planned project. Even at peak sunlight (1,000 watts per square meter), shading two-thirds of the sunlight form a 3-ton air conditioner would theoretically reduce the cooling air temperature by only 0.3 degrees F and thereby increase the air conditioner efficiency by less than half a percent. Building wiring can also be tested using Insulation Resistance Testing to NETA standards ensuring the building compotes and combined systems are safe. There are many aspects that are involved in recovery that happen before and after system restoration. This legislative mandate has a strategic goal of reducing costs in healthcare by standardizing data processing, as a prelude to establishing a centralized clearinghouse for claims processing, similar to the financial industry. Imagine the difficulty in scheduling appointments over a diverse and geographically dispersed healthcare system without information technology. If this is the only place your data is located then restoration can be extremely cost effective. Just as Business continuity may or may not be affected by a disaster (though typically it is, it’s not a constant actuality).
The financial industry is highly regulated and audited for business recovery capability by both the federal and state governments.



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