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TweetThere are many types of skin diseases that can affect a person irrespective of their HIV status. Dermatomycosis or dermatophytosis is a common skin infection seen in HIV patients and is caused by fungi.
Impetigo is an infection of the skin primarily caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes after a break in the skin or with micro-tears formed during scratching. A viral infection caused by the Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 or HSV-2) and has a tendency to affect the mouth or genitals. Varicella zoster is a virus that causes chickenpox but reactivation later in life results in herpes zoster (shingles). Scabies arises from an allergic reaction to the mite Sarcoptes scabiei which burrows into the skin.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria, Treponema pallidum, which presents with painless sores (chancre) on the genitals, rectum or mouth (primary syphilis). Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes small raised lesions (papules) particularly on the face, neck, scalp and genitals.
Ask a Doctor Online Now!Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis.
HIV and the hepatitis C virus (HCV) share many of the same characteristics, but there are also some very distinct differences in the way they are transmitted, how long each virus lives outside of the body, disease progression, and treatment.
Both HIV and hepatitis C are RNA viruses, but they are different types of RNA viruses – HIV is a retrovirus and HCV is a flavivirus.
HIV goes through a complex process where the virus inserts its generic material into the host DNA cell and uses the host genetic material to replicate. In regard to how much each virus replicates on a daily basis – HIV replicates billions of new viruses vs. Although HIV has a high mutation rate, HCV is thought to replicate and mutate at a much higher rate than HIV.
Studies are underway to find a vaccine for HIV and HCV, but because of the high mutation rate of both viruses, it will likely take quite some time for a vaccine that will prevent HIV or HCV infection to be available for use.
In the United States, it is estimated that more than 4 million Americans are infected with chronic HCV compared to about 1.2 million who are estimated to be infected with HIV. There are different strains of HIV (HIV1 and HIV2) and HCV (genotypes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 6).
HIV and hepatitis C are transmitted in similar ways – through blood routes, although there are clear differences in the risk of transmission.
In the United States, one of the most common ways HIV is transmitted is through anal and vaginal sex. The most common way hepatitis C is transmitted is from sharing HCV-infected needles and drug preparation and using tools.
Once HIV is exposed to air, it lasts only a few moments, but may live longer if blood is present – especially in a closed environment, like a syringe.
The medications used to treat HIV can lead to drug resistance, because they are direct antiviral medications. People infected with HCV genotypes 2 or 3 are only prescribed pegylated interferon and ribavirin – those two medications do not lead to drug resistance alone. Chlamydia’s one of the most common sexually transmitted bacterial diseases in the world, with as many as 3 million new cases every year in the United States alone, but it often goes undetected and undiagnosed!!
As many as 1 in 4 men have no symptoms and only about 30% of women with chlamydia have symptoms. It can also be found in the throats of women and men who have had oral sex with an infected partner. The presence of chlamydia can be confirmed by lab tests done using a swab from the cervix or vagina or using urine. Retesting is recommended three months after being diagnosed with chlamydia to detect new infections, which can be due to sex with undiagnosed and untreated partners. Early antibiotic treatment is extremely successful and may prevent the development of long-term complications. Chlamydia can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can damage the fallopian tubes enough to cause infertility or increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
Hopefully, this helps, however, you’re welcome, of course, to ask as many additional questions as you’d like! Also – keep in mind the male might actually have Chlamydia now too, but when tested had recently contracted it and the bacteria or the antigens would have been in quantities too small for detection. I have just had a baby (8 weeks ago) last week i went to my family planning clinic to talk about IUD’s i decided to go for it but before i could have it fitted i had to do a chlamydia swab.
Although these infections can be very serious, babies who are treated promptly with antibiotics generally do well. Thank you so much for taking time to reply, Ok so before i met my current partner i was in a long term relationship when that broke up my ex had been already seeing someone else (which i didnt know about) the very last time we were intimate it was anal sex and that was it, no vaginal sex, i never saw him again after that. I will go to my local clinic tomorrow and get swabbed anally and see what those results come back as. I dont know what to do, if he has cheated on me i cant be with him, i am trusting this man with my life, i need to be with someone who wont have unprotected sex with other people and possibly bring back something worse like HIV. I’m thinking you have to get a couple more answers first before making any solid decisions in either direction.
Also i have group B Strep and when i was in labour i had an IV with antibiotics to protect the baby so would this had cleared chlamydia at this point? If the entry point of infection with chlamydia is the throat, can one’s own body spread the infection to the urethra, uterus, or vagina? Thank you for the answer, it was not a personal question as it does not apply to me, but I am taking a microbiology course and the professor could not answer the question for a fellow student, and it got me curious as to whether. From my understanding, the specific answer to your first question is highly dependent upon the pathogen itself – some viruses and bacteria are heartier than others and can live throughout the different environments within the body. To answer your second question, pathogens can certainly colonize in the eye as well and can cause conjunctivitis. Your question is interesting in that there are a couple of different way I could interpret it. A couple of questions to ponder… Are you certain your brother-in-law and his wife are practicing unsafe sex? Similarly, HIV-positive patients are prone to various skin diseases that are unrelated to HIV infection.
While a number of molds or yeasts may be responsible, Malassezia furfur (Pitysporum ovale) is one of the more prevalent fungi.


Also known as cold sores (herpes labialis) or genital herpes, it can also affect other areas, most notably the perianal region (around the anus). Chickenpox is a common childhood infection but immunization or contracting the disease early in life offers immunity against infection. In HIV infection, extensive anogenital warts are persistent and patients may commonly report warts on other areas of the body as well, especially the fingers. HCV, on the other hand, uses the host’s cell to replicate, but does not insert itself into the host DNA.
Worldwide, the estimates are in the range of 40 million people infected with HIV compared to 170 million infected with HCV. In the United States, HIV1 is the most common strain of HIV and genotype 1 is the most common strain of HCV. HIV can also be transmitted by sharing infected needles and an HIV positive mother can pass HIV to her child. Transmission routes of hepatitis C that are less common but still possible are sexual and from mother to child. Hepatitis C, on the other hand, has been found to live outside the body for at least 16 hours but not longer than 4 days, and in a syringe for up to 2 months.
HCV is different – some people (about 20-40%) who are initially infected (acute) will naturally resolve or clear an HCV infection. The newly approved protease inhibitors used in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for people infected with chronic HCV genotype 1 can also lead to drug resistance. In her spare time, she stays active outdoors as a Beachbody Coach by camping, snow shoeing, hiking, skiing, kayaking, growing things, running through sprinklers, and building sand castles. She is also proof an STI is not a deal-breaker or the end of your world; rather, it is merely an unexpected curve-ball in this interesting game we call life. The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. If there is infected vaginal fluid on your fingers, or discharge from the penis of an infected man, touching your hand to your eye can also infect your eye.
Are we missing something pertinent you think should be included in this in-depth description?
Also, while it seems her partner would have contracted this by now, factors such as the type of sex and the frequency are important. This quick test finds substances (chlamydia antigens) that trigger the immune system to fight chlamydia infection.
If it was very vigorous sex, rough and without lube where the guy may have gotten small cuts, it would be more likely he would have contracted it. Women who have chlamydia during pregnancy tend to have higher rates of infection of the amniotic sac and fluid, preterm birth, and preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM).
So, I would call your provider and let them know that you recently tested positive for Chlamydia, and even though you were tested during pregnancy, you’re not certain when you contracted it, so you want to be sure your baby is treated if necessary.
So, I would first rule out the false positive for now until you receive additional results and whether or not your partner tests positive for Chlamydia too. It is also possible you had it anally and transmitted it to your partner recently via anal sex and then him to you via vaginal sex. If you guys have used condoms frequently and he rarely ejaculated inside you, the likelihood is a bit higher.
I never had anal sex again until i met my current partner which was 5 months after and like i said in prev message we have only ever done it 2 times.
When the lady at the family planning clinic rang me and told me i had chlamydia she said before you go kill him please bare in mind it could be a false positive, but now reading your message i doubt it is.
If he did cheat on my he has already harmed my baby’s health and thats something i could not forgive. Could this std have been hiding and then came out or has he brought this in from another person? But let us know if you find out it was a false positive, because it would be a good aspect to address here as well.
If the entry point is the throat, the bacteria would not be able to spread on its own to the genital area without additional contact in that area. If a practitioner is aware someone has only performed oral sex on some people, they will know to swab the throat to check for Chlamydia on top of doing a common urine sample too. For example, some pathogens would not make it through the digestive system as its ph would kill them where others thrive there. So, I’m going to touch on both of the thoughts that ran through my mind right away in hopes of covering all of the bases here.
Being that they are swingers doesn’t necessarily make the sex they are having unsafe. Some STDs are transmitted by fluids (vaginal and penile secretions, breast-milk, and very rarely, saliva), others by blood, and then some via skin to skin contact.
However, there are number of HIV-related skin diseases that have to be considered as these conditions are more likely to arise with the immune deficiency associated with HIV infection.
Distribution may be anywhere on the body but the hands, legs, face and chest are more commonly affected. With HIV infection, it may spread to the anus and rectum or occur within the oral cavity (mucocutaneous herpes). In the backdrop of HIV infection however, chickenpox and shingles may be frequently seen in adults and the extremely contagious nature of chickenpox often leads to outbreaks. The hands and feet, areas between the fingers and toes, abdominal area and buttocks are typically affected. Those differences have major implications when discussing HIV and HCV treatment and disease progression – especially when co-infected. This means that the hepatitis C virus can be transmitted easier when any HCV-infected blood is involved. This is the reason why, for instance, exposure to blood through unsafe tattooing carries a risk of transmission of hepatitis C, but it generally does not carry a risk of HIV transmission. In contrast, a high HCV viral load for people with hepatitis C is any amount higher than 800,000. As a result, HIV treatment is aimed at lowering HIV viral load, increasing or stabilizing CD4 cell counts and preventing long-term consequences of infection – similar to treatment for chronic HCV. More importantly, Jenelle is proof an STI is not a deal-breaker or the end of your world; rather, it is merely part of the human experience. My boyfriend and I just did it, actually; it wasn’t too awkward and we had cocktails when we got back our results!
If she contracted this STD months ago why would her new sexual partner of 4 months not have contracted it?


The anatomy of the male and female body is such that vaginal intercourse makes women much more vulnerable to contracting an STD than men (tiny tears in the vaginal wall which occur naturally when having sex and are undetectable to the female provide an entry point for bacterias and viruses into the women’s system). This test is more expensive, and the results take longer (5 to 7 days) than the other tests. However, even having anal, oral, and vaginal sex, the chlamydia bacteria would have had to have a point of entry into the male’s system. I get this kind of question all of the time – so, I’ll do my best to help you sort out the possibilities teaming through your mind right now! Some of this would be less of a possibility if you used condoms, but I’m guessing you didn’t? Only you really know how frequently you have sex, what kind of protection (if any) is used, and if fluids would have been transferred to you often. This means that they will detect chlamydia in most people who have the infection with a 5-10% chance of a false-negative or a false-positive. So, for instance, if someone performed oral sex only on someone who had Chlamydia and contracted Chlamydia in the throat, it would not then transfer to the genitals of that person as well. Blood in particular is an entirely different vehicle than saliva as well and blood-borne infections can and do spread throughout the body – one can become infected with HIV in the mouth (though contracting HIV through the mouth happens very infrequently) and then transmit HIV genitally. Overall, though, there’s probably very little you need to worry about your son contracting when coming into contact with someone who practices unsafe sex. There are quite a lot of swingers who go through strict qualifying rules before allowing anyone else to participate in their activities. I think you have little to worry about and what I might reduce is the amount of kissing you allow people to do – so many people dive in to kiss and snuggle small babies to the detriment of the child later in life (herpes, for instance). These diseases are not isolated only to different infections of the skin and underlying tissue but may involve non-infectious disease processes that have a tendency to arise in HIV-positive patients. It may also be responsible for folliculitis and secondary infections in seborrheic dermatitis. She explains that she DID NOT have any other partners during those 4 months and that she MUST have had the STD prior to them meeting. As a result, many people contract an STD and never know they have one unless they are tested. Chlamydia is transmitted via fluids, and although the sex has been unprotected, if there was no way for the bacteria in her vaginal fluid to enter the males system, then he would remain unscathed.
That means they are very accurate and that they are very unlikely to have false-positive test results.
Were the male to have had chlamydia, it would be very likely the female would have contracted it within a 4 month period because the vagina tears, and the anus usually tears when entered (especially without lube!), so the semen carrying the chlamydia bacteria inserted into either the anus or the vagina could cause an infection. Just guessing though, so, if you did, holler; that changes the likelihood quite a bit because Chlamydia is transmitted via fluids. That means they are very accurate and that they are unlikely to have false-positive test results.
Commonly, patients are treated in both instances due to the possibility of a false-negative after receiving a false-positive result and vice-a-versa. When digging deeper into swinger-lifestyles, one finds that some swingers practice much safer sex than traditional monogamous relationships. The type of saliva he would be exposed to after sharing a glass, a kiss, the bathroom, etc. Feel free to respond with additional questions or ask me to clarify anything I wasn’t very clear on here. Or his test just failed, he admitted to having unprotected sex with atleast one other female. Studies have not found that a high hepatitis C viral load increases transmission of hepatitis C or disease progression. It’s likely she contracted this STD months ago without knowing and thus, just found out she had it because she got tested. My partner SWEARS he has not been unfaithful so i instantly made him go get checked incase mine was a false positive (both still waiting for our results) I want to know if he has been unfaithful but im struggling. In fact, up to half of babies born vaginally to mothers with untreated chlamydia (and even some babies born by c-section) will contract the infection. Even so, a false negative during pregnancy doesn’t help us determine when you contracted Chlamydia for sure. So, if you’re a gal who previously had a lot of anal sex with other partners without also having vaginal sex with those partners, it is likely you had anal Chlamydia. Meaning, they get tested for STDs (a full panel) before and after each new addition to their activities, they discuss barrier methods required for participation, they are honest and upfront about the number and types of activities they have participated in without protection, etc. However, there is some evidence that a high HCV viral load increases the chances of transmission of HCV from mother to child.
We have only ever had anal sex twice, once when we were 1st dating and once after i had the baby. Between 25 to 50 percent of these babies will develop an eye infection (conjunctivitis) a few days to a few weeks after birth.
False negatives can happen for a couple of reasons, most commonly because the infection is new. However, if you usually had vaginal and anal sex with partners, it would be less likely you had anal Chlamydia from someone else for all of that time without also having a detectable Chlamydia vaginally.
The same is true for polyamorous and BDSM relationships – two other kinds of polarizing activities that often receive unfair judgments.
STDs transmitted by skin-to-skin contact are a slightly higher concern depending on the type of play or rough-housing they engage in as he grows older and how often he is held without being fully clothed now. So, I’d still wager there that if you received a false negative during pregnancy, you contracted Chlamydia fairly recently vaginally. The reason I mention this is because I want you to be certain you actually know whether or not they are practicing unsafe sex before considering reducing the amount of time they hold him or you allow them to watch him. Molluscum is commonly found in elementary schools and day-cares because it is quite contagious and easily spread. Let me know if this makes sense…sometimes trying to explain all of this in writing can be difficult.
I am PRAYING its a false positive test, i dont want my family to be broken apart ?? but if he has cheated i have no choice.



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Comments
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