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Sleep Disorders: Sleep Apnea and Upper Stimulation Therapy - August 25, 2015The Naked Vocalist Podcast Featuring Dr. The most common outcome when HPV infects the throat is for the body to eliminate the virus on its own. Certain strains of HPV that cause respiratory papillomas may also result in papillomas becoming cancerous. There is no way to know for sure without seeing your otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat doctor) and sometimes even they are not able to tell you for sure. If you have any of these symptoms, it is worthwhile to have an evaluation performed of your entire upper airway, including videostroboscopy and flexible laryngoscopy. While we are still learning about the implications of HPV in the throat, it is clear that it can cause significant disease and be a risk factor for cancer. If you would like to speak with one of our physicians regarding this issue or another ear, nose, throat problem; or have other questions or concerns, please complete the contact form below or call us at 310-657-0123.
Gum cancer is the malignancy of the soft tissue around the teeth, including the bones of the jaw underlying the teeth. Gingival cancer can occur as a primary malignant tumor or as a metastatic site of other head and neck cancers. Signs and symptoms of gum cancer include those that affect the gums, teeth and oral cavity.
Causes and risk factors for gum cancer are similar to the general predisposing factors of oral cancer. Cigarette smoke and tobacco contains several carcinogenic chemicals that may lead to gum cancer. Certain populations of the world, such as Asian, have a traditional culture of chewing betel nut for dental purposes. The male population is at more risk for gum cancer because of lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcoholic beverage drinking, which are more commonplace and frequent among males. Physicians usually collect tissue samples from gingival ulcers and tumors and subject it to histologic examinations. Dental X-ray and X-ray of the skull may also be performed to determine presence of tumors in the gums and other parts of the head.
Physicians may order further imaging tests such as MRI to have a more definite assessment of tumors and their location.
Treatment of gum cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and other supportive managements. Surgery involves the removal of the gum tumor and is the first line of treatment for malignant tumors. Chemotherapy is usually employed after surgery to kill cancer cells that have spread to other areas of the body. Radiation therapy is also instituted as adjunct therapy to surgery to stop the spread and growth of malignant cells.
The use of cetuximab (Erbitux) targets cancerous cells specifically, which has fewer side-effects than chemotherapy. Patients with gum cancer should be assisted in returning to usual activities specifically, those involving eating and speaking. Reconstructive surgery may also be recommended to address disfiguring affects of gum and oral surgeries.

Gum cancer also leads to complications resulting from affectation of other parts of the oral cavity and throat. The last stage of gum cancer involves spread of the tumor to the oral cavity and other adjacent tissues. T3- Tumor size is more than 4cm with spread to adjacent superficial tissues such as the tongue, sinus, etc.
T4- Tumor spreads to the deep tissues of other organs in the oral cavity or other adjacent structures.
Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. This website is for informational purposes only and Is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Reena Gupta - May 27, 2015New Therapy for Sleep Apnea – First Sleep Pacemaker placed in California at Osborne Head and Neck Institute. Most women become familiar with this virus when a routine pap smear turns up unexpectedly abnormal. It is clear that HPV infection does increase the risk of developing head and neck cancer. At this time, there is still much to be learned about HPV infection of the throat and the disease it causes there. It is thought that sexual transmission is most likely and may be the most common means of transmission. This most often occurs without symptoms and usually, a patient will never know that they were infected with HPV. This is a disease where HPV causes warty growths in the throat, most commonly on the vocal cords themselves. The most common location for this to occur is in the larynx, although it may occur anywhere in the respiratory tract. The most common location for HPV infection in the airway to convert to a cancer is in the larynx (voice box), although it may occur anywhere in the respiratory tract, including the base of tongue (back of the tongue) and the tonsils.
Earlier attention to HPV of the throat is always best, to prevent unwanted consequences of infection. It is designed to provide reliable medical information in a format that is easy to understand. Gum cancer occurs in the form of squamous cell carcinoma, which means that the lining of the gums and mouth are affected.
This means that gum cancer cells are able to spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system. The roots of teeth can be affected, leading to dislocation, despite absence of cavities or damage. However, dentists discourage the use of betel nut because it may lead to staining of the teeth, cavities, and even gingival and oral cancers. HPV produces cell changes in the gums and may lead to gingival cancer, aside from causing cervical and vulvar cancer. Ill-fitting dentures, dental appliances and improper use of a toothbrush may also irritate the gums and cause cellular changes on the lining. Risk factors are also assessed by determining the social and lifestyle history of the patient. Examination includes thorough assessment of the gums and teeth including the whole oral cavity to determine any spread or underlying causes.

Patients should be taught to consume small frequent meals, consisting of a soft diet, to avoid undue tension in the teeth and gums.
Dental prosthesis is also available to restore the normal appearance of the gums, teeth, and mouth. Just like with any forms of cancer, distant metastasis provides the most unfavorable picture for patients. However, prevention is still the best key in managing gum cancers, which involves avoidance of the modifiable risk factors.
Either the tumor is more than 4 cm in size with no lymph node affectation or the tumor is less than 4 cm in size, but there is already spread to one lymph node.
This often occurs when HPV infects the cervix, causing the cells to change, and resulting in a risk of developing cervical cancer. However, HPV is found in those who have never been sexually active, suggesting that there are alternative means of transmission. As Chief of Medical Resources, I hold an undergraduate degree in Neuroscience from the University of California, Los Angeles and a graduate degree in Medical Science from the University of Southern California. Chronic injury to the gums by chronic alcoholism produces abnormal cellular proliferation in an attempt to repair the injury, leading to tumor growth.
The administration of chemotherapy may potentially lead to bone marrow suppression because of destruction of normal cells, aside from the cancerous cells. However, gum cancer has slow progression, which means that further spread of malignant cells is effectively prevented when treatments are instituted. This may include simple acts including sharing beverages and kissing or other means that are not yet known.
Often, people disregard this symptom thinking that it is just caused by trauma from brushing.
The most common sites for metastases are the other parts of the oral cavity, lymph nodes, pharynx, larynx and thyroid gland. He has developed a special interest for the treatment of parotid gland tumors and focuses on the use of minimally-invasive techniques in the care of patients needing parotid surgery. However, gum bleeding in gingival cancer may occur, despite using a soft-bristled toothbrush. Pre-chemotherapy drugs are also given, such as anti-emetics, to reduce side-effects of chemotherapy. The mean 5 year survival rate of gum cancer is up to 70 to 80%, which is high when compared to other types of cancers. Smoking also masks discoloration of the gums caused by cancer since tar contained in cigarettes also causes gum discoloration. In men, high-risk HPVs dony't cause symptoms and are often very difficult to diagnose.Read the latest cervical cancer research. Iy'm aware of the connection between sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer.

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