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Following his appointment as First Minister, Carwyn Jones AM yesterday announced the new cabinet of the Welsh Government.
The housing brief returns to Carl Sargeant AM under the renamed portfolio of Communities and Children. The appointment of Kirsty Williams AM as Cabinet Secretary for Education will need to be ratified by a special Welsh Lib Dem conference tomorrow and does not constitute a coalition agreement, according to the First Minister. A statement by the Lib Dems said Kirsty Williams and the First Minister reached a Progressive Agreement between the two parties to work together in Government.
All parties in the Cabinet supported the Homes for Wales campaign in the run up to the election and it’s great to see cross-party working on common issues such as housing. Welsh Labour leader Carwyn Jones has been reappointed as First Minister following last week’s tied vote with Leanne Wood.
Carwyn Jones has confirmed that his party will not bring forward legislation in the first 100 days in order to establish a new way of law-making. The Welsh housing sector is calling on the new Welsh Government to recognise the vital impact housing has on health, education and the economy in Wales by committing to an ambitious plan for housing in their new Programme for Government. Following yesterday’s National Assembly for Wales election, Labour has secured 29 seats to remain the biggest party in the Assembly. Sixteen years ago, Community Housing Cymru set up an Award scheme to recognise housing innovation in memory of a special person - Pat Chown.
As a way of remembering Pat, her contribution to housing and her constant search for better ways of doing things, Community Housing Cymru is inviting entries for the Capturing Creativity Award.
The Award judges will be looking for entries which demonstrate that the project has been ground-breaking.
To find out more about the award, go to CHC's blog to read a post by John Chown, member of the judging panel. Community Housing Cymru (CHC), the membership body for Welsh housing associations, has appointed its new Director of Policy. Clarissa, who is originally from Swansea, will head up CHC’s Policy and External Affairs team. Some of Wales’ leading business figures have given their backing to the Homes for Wales campaign.
A variety of top Welsh business leaders, including Federation of Small Businesses Wales, CBI Cymru, Welsh ICE, Pro Steel Engineering and Learning and Work Institute Wales, have added their voice to the Homes for Wales campaign via social media to support the need for continued investment in housing.
Backing from the business world for the Homes for Wales campaign comes in addition to the thousands who have supported in person at a rally in Cardiff earlier this month, online and via social media.
At the Rural Regeneration Conference in March 2015, the Minister announced a two year funding commitment for Rural Housing Enablers in Wales. Hundreds of people are set to attend the Homes for Wales rally which takes place in Cardiff today (4 March). Supporters will travel from all over Wales to highlight that housing needs to be a key political issue ahead of May’s National Assembly for Wales elections. This public-facing campaign aims to shine the spotlight on how the housing crisis is impacting people in Wales in different ways. Over a thousand people have supported the campaign online and celebrity supporters include Hollywood actor Michael Sheen, Welsh legend Max Boyce, Welsh comedian Rhod Gilbert, Welsh film producer and actor Jonny Owen and BAFTA award-winning actress Vicky McClure. The Department for Work and Pensions has today announced a one year exception to the Local Housing Allowance cap for supported accommodation in the social housing sector. Further guidance will be issued by the DWP shortly, but the statement highlighted refuges for those fleeing domestic abuse, homeless provision, housing for ex-offenders and supported housing for older people and disabled people as examples of accommodation subject to the exception. Community Housing Cymru welcomes today’s announcement which follows several months of lobbying from the housing sector, along with continued dialogue with the DWP, but we remain concerned about the implications of the policy. The one year pause in applying the cap to supported accommodation gives DWP the opportunity to continue their strategic review of supported housing through Ipsos MORI, but it does not offer certainty to tenants or social housing providers over the future of supported housing.
Our recent survey of Welsh housing associations found that the rent for 57% of supported accommodation is over the current LHA rate, and we are clear that the UK Government’s offer of a slight increase in DHP is inadequate. The Local Housing Allowance cap will still apply to all other new tenancies signed from April 2016, with any cut to housing benefit applicable from April 2018, and CHC’s priority will now be to ascertain the exact details of this policy which are still unclear.
This investment will also provide a boost to employment in Wales supporting up to 800 jobs - including 300 in the design and build of new schools in our communities and 500 in providing affordable housing. Alongside the additional capital investment, the Minister has also published an update of the Wales Infrastructure Investment Plan project pipeline in line with our ambition of providing a comprehensive picture of infrastructure investment across Wales.
The Department for Work and Pensions has since clarified that the cap will also be applied to housing benefit for tenants in supported and sheltered housing. Supported Housing is accommodation designated for some of the most vulnerable people in our communities. The provision of this additional support incurs a greater cost for landlords than the provision of general needs housing, and this is reflected through higher levels of rent.
We are in the process of modelling the impact of these changes and gathering evidence to highlight the risk it presents to providers of supported and sheltered housing.
To be clear, cuts of this scale will threaten the viability of supported and specified accommodation in the social rented sector in the future. Meanwhile, under 35s will see their rental income capped at the Shared Accommodation rate under LHA. The application of the under 35s Shared Accommodation Rate to social rented tenancies is of concern to us beyond the direct impact it would have on the funding of supported housing.
As stated by our partners in Scotland and England, we are concerned about the Government’s proposal in the Spending Review which states that Discretionary Housing Payment will be the vehicle for dealing with some of the resulting shortfall for supported housing. The Discretionary Housing Payments system is not designed or funded to meet all requests for assistance and to rely on it to help those in supported housing with a new benefit cap would leave local authorities to decide between individuals with varying levels of support needs. The impact of the LHA cap will be felt very soon as new tenants in supported housing from 1st April 2016 will face uncertainty about their future ability to pay their rent. For further information on capping housing benefit to LHA rate, please read our in depth briefing.
Welsh Government has today announced the members of the new independent Regulatory Board for Wales.
Ground-breaking legislation to improve the lives of the one million people in Wales who rent their home, has today been granted Royal Assent by Her Majesty the Queen. The Renting Homes (Wales) Act 2016 will make renting a home simpler and easier, replacing various and complex pieces of existing legislation with one clear legal framework.
A Bill receives Royal Assent when Letters Patent under the Welsh Seal signed with Her Majesty’s own hand signifying Her Assent are notified to the Clerk of the Assembly.
The First Minister of Wales, as Keeper of the Welsh Seal, applied the Seal to the Letters Patent in a ceremony in Cardiff earlier today. Homes for Wales is a coalition led by Community Housing Cymru, Care & Repair Cymru, CIH Cymru, Shelter Cymru, Welsh Tenants, Home Builders Federation, Residential Landlords Association and RTPI Cymru. You can sign up to support the campaign on the website, as well as downloading campaign resources such as logos, posters, postcards and explainer documents.
Our showcase event for the campaign will take place from 1pm on Friday 4th March, 2016 – the Homes for Wales rally. While we welcome the increase in SHG, it is vital to emphasise the importance of a secure rental income stream.
Any further cuts to Supporting People could have had disastrous consequences for vulnerable people across Wales which is why today’s announcement is so welcome. Over the last year, we have worked in partnership with Cymorth Cymru to highlight the benefits of Supporting People and to call for its protection. The first ever Welsh Apprentice Challenge was launched at Community Housing Cymru's Annual Conference on 19th November. Team A - Callum (Pembrokeshire Housing), Daniel (Tai Ceredigion), Deri (Bron Afon Community Housing), Joseph (Celtic Horizons) and Katie (Merthyr Valleys Homes).
Team United - Daniel (Tai Ceredigion), Demi (Cadwyn Housing Association), Emma (Celtic Horizons), James (North Wales Housing) and Lloyd (Valleys to Coast). Team C - Daniel (Taff), Emily (Cartrefi Conwy), Karolina (Monmouthshire Housing), Mathew (Coastal Housing Group), Oliver (Newport City Homes).
Although we welcome the Chancellor’s U-turn on tax credits, all this will do in the long term is delay cuts until the full introduction of Universal Credit. A new agreement between Community Housing Cymru and Public Health Wales has committed the organisations to working more closely together to improve the lives and health of people in the most deprived communities in Wales.
The memorandum is a commitment to a joint focus on prevention and early intervention, to ensuring work is informed by the best national and international evidence and to taking action to empower communities to improve health and wellbeing.
The commitment will also enable the establishment of a joint Health and Housing Public Health Task Group including key representatives from health, housing, community and social care. Tracey Cooper, Chief Executive of Public Health Wales, said: "This memorandum marks the start of an exciting and purposeful partnership between Public Health Wales and Community Housing Cymru. The memorandum was signed by Chief Executive of Community Housing Cymru, Stuart Ropke, and Chief Executive of Public Health Wales, Dr Tracey Cooper at CHC’s Annual Conference on 19 November 2015. Community Housing Cymru (CHC) is today (19 November) launching its first Welsh Apprentice Challenge. Conference delegates will vote for their favourite campaign idea and the overall Welsh Apprentice champions will be awarded a certificate for their efforts by Julie James AM, Welsh Government’s Deputy Minister for Skills and Technology.
Demi Stephenson, fellow apprentice challenger, secured her job as an electrician with Cadwyn Housing Association after working full time voluntarily for several months. The Welsh Apprentice Challenge is being supported by TSW Training and The Prince’s Trust. Launched today (18th November), the findings are part of the latest Welsh Economy Research Unit (WERU) report, commissioned by Community Housing Cymru (CHC), which focuses on the wider economic impact of the social housing sector in Wales. In less than a decade, Welsh housing associations have spent around £3bn in the Welsh economy on building and maintaining properties. We are working with colleagues from the devolved nations to ensure that the independence of the Welsh, Scottish and Northern Irish housing association sector is protected.
Community Housing Cymru Group (CHC) has welcomed news that Welsh Government is set to exceed the 10,000 affordable homes target.
This week (October 12th) Care & Repair Cymru is shining the spotlight on the scandal of excess winter deaths as it launches its Fighting Fuel Poverty campaign. The Wales-wide campaign aims to highlight the huge problem of fuel poverty and save the lives of thousands of older people in Wales, who might otherwise die this winter due to the cold weather.
Care & Repair Cymru also say that older people not having bank accounts, or being digitally excluded from the internet, can prevent many pensioner households from accessing better energy prices and tariffs, and households in arrears often end up on more expensive pre-payment meters, therefore exacerbating the problem.
During its Fighting Fuel Poverty campaign , the registered charity will be running fundraising initiatives to champion the rights of older people to stay independent, warm and well this winter by offering practical help on the ground at the homes of older people in need. The Fighting Fuel Poverty campaign begins with a plea for donations which will directly help older people with boiler repairs, home insulation, and other practical help that make their homes warmer and safer.
Care & Repair Cymru is also running the #scarfie campaign (a scarf selfie) to raise awareness of excess winter deaths.
This means the shot must penetrate the skin and subcutaneous tissue to enter the muscle itself. The common sites for intramuscular injections include the buttock, lateral side of the thigh, and the deltoid region of the arm. The best site for steroid injections is in the gluteus medius muscle which is located in the upper outer quadrant of the buttock.
The upper outer quadrant is chosen because the muscle in this area is quite thick and has few nerves. Injecting here reduces the chance of injury to the sciatic nerve which runs through the lower and middle area of the buttock.
If an injection is too close to this nerve or actually hits it, extreme pain and temporary paralysis can be felt in these areas. This is especially undesirable and warrants staying as far away from this area as possible. Usually, intramuscular injections in the thigh are only indicated for infants and children.
The vastus lateralis muscle is the only area of the thigh that should be injected intramuscularly. This site is determined by using the knee and the greater trochanter of the femur as landmarks.
The greater trochanter is the bony area that you can feel where the femur joins the pelvic girdle.
The mid portion of the muscle is located by measuring the handbreadth above the knee and the handbreadth below the greater trochanter.
It is important to choose the proper syringe for the administration of injectable anabolic steroids. There are a number of steps that should be understood in order to complete a safe and proper intramuscular injection. Then, take a brand new syringe out of its wrapper, remove its plastic top, draw about 2 ccs of air into it and insert it into the vial. Inject this air into the vial; this creates pressure within the vial and makes it easier to draw out oil based preparations. By using two needles for every injection, you can take advantage of using the full sharpness of the pin. The needle does suffer some dulling when it is pushed through the firm rubber stopper on a vial.
Providing there is no blood present in the syringe, slowly press the stopper down until all the oil is injected. Then, quickly pull the needle out and take another alcohol swab and press firmly on the injection site.
It is important that the liquid is not injected too quickly as this causes more pain at the site during the injection and in the proceeding days.
After this procedure has been completed, return the plastic caps to shield the needles and make sure they are discarded properly. To avoid discomfort and excessive scar tissue at the injection site, it is not wise to inject more than 2 ccs of solution per shot. It is also not prudent to use the same injection site more than twice a week (once a week is preferred). Wea€™ll schedule a visit to your facility, conduct a free lighting audit, define youa€™re lighting problems and review all of the LED benefits. The economics of LED lighting makes the technology a compelling one for governments that are struggling to cut expenditures while trying to meet a€?greena€? goals. For example, a 2013 New York State Department of Energy Conservation report says that if all state municipalities replaced existing incandescent streetlights with LED bulbs a€” which are brighter, more energy-efficient and longer-lasting a€” it would reduce energy consumption by 22.3 million kilowatt-hours annually, while cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 9,200 tons. On top of that, the report suggests that switching from traditional mercury vapor streetlights to LED doesna€™t just significantly reduceA  energy and maintenance costs (a big deal, since street lighting makes up roughly 40% of the statea€™s municipality electrical bills), but also the number of lamp posts needed is more effective as well. SmartPlanet profiled an example of LED savings in action, telling the story of a NYC property owner who is retrofitting 21 properties with LED lighting (replacing fluorescent, incandescent and halogen fixtures) for an energy savings of $750,000.
Plus, the fact that LED lighting is solid-state means it can be controlled by software, leading to a whole new avenue of growth: programmable lighting.
LED Lighting is a new technology that promises to replace all other types of lighting by 2020. In short, it saves 40-90% on lighting, has a very long lifespan, and looks better than other types of lighting and is easily controlled.
LED's are expensive, but they will pay offA  in about 1-10 years and save tons of money in the long run.
One LED lamp will last as long as several traditional lights, saving money on replacements. The answer is simple: because of SSL's rapid ongoing improvements and superior energy-saving potential. That doesn't mean DOE has abandoned lighting controls and other light source technologies, however. DOE is keeping a close watch on solid-state lighting, in both the lab and the marketplace, to make sure it doesn't run into the same roadblocks that slowedA market acceptance of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) back in the 1990s. There's little doubt that solid-state lighting ultimately will emerge as the technology of choice for an unparalleled variety of applications, because, all things being equal, everyonea€”building owners includeda€”wants to save energy and protect the environment.
DOE has made a long-term commitment to advance the development and market introduction of energy-efficient solid-state lighting.
With three annual workshops that collectively bring together approximately 700 attendees, as well as periodic stakeholder roundtables, DOE's solid-state lighting program is open and participatory and coordinates with many lighting and standards groups, such as the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, the International Association of Lighting Designers, the National Electrical Manufacturers Association, the American National Standards Institute, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. As anticipated, the new leader of Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen resorted to rhetorical ambiguity in her inauguration speech. She harped on the same old string of neither crossing the mainland's red line, nor endorsing the 1992 Consensus on one China. As she had done on multiple previous occasions, she pledged her administration will strive to preserve peace and stability in cross-Straits ties, as well as the existing mechanisms of dialogue and communication.
She wants all the benefits cross-Straits rapport has brought to Taiwan, but without acknowledging what made that possible.
Both the mainland and the previous administration in Taiwan led by Ma Ying-jeou agreed on the 1992 Consensus, which established the political bedrock for the good momentum in cross-Straits ties over the last eight years by highlighting the one China principle.
She said she respects the historical fact that the two sides talked and reached a number of agreements in 1992, and said her administration will handle cross-Straits ties in accordance with the "Constitution of the Republic of China", the "Regulations on Relations between People in the Taiwan and Mainland Areas" and other relevant laws. Which on the surface at least sounds fine, because the "regulations" contain a mention of "national unification".
Nor does Tsai's vow to abide by the island's "Constitution" qualify as a tacit nod to one China, for it does not have a specific definition of the territory of the "Republic of China". It should not be forgotten that Tsai was believed to be a main contributor to previous Taiwan leader Lee Teng-hui's definition of cross-Straits ties as "state-to-state". During her 2012 bid for the Taiwan leadership, Tsai again threw out the core slogan of "two states", saying "The Republic of China is Taiwan, Taiwan is the Republic of China". Tsai has even taken a step back from what her Democratic Progressive Party predecessor Chen Shui-bian said in his inaugural speech in 2000.
Despite Chen's capricious antics during his years in office, that speech did give some predictability to cross-Straits ties under a leader from the DPP. Her inaugural speech, however, was a sign that the relationship may be anything but predictable in the years to come.
Just as the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council in Beijing commented on Friday, what Tsai presented was an "unfinished answer sheet". In the long shadow of her and her party's denial of one China, Tsai has plenty to do to make sure the hard-earned goodwill between the two sides does not evaporate overnight and trigger more uncertainties. Saturday marks the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Pakistan and China.
While the leaders have changed in Beijing and Islamabad over the decades, the bonds of friendship and brotherhood have remained strong and the two countries have always stood shoulder to shoulder.
We have walked together for 65 years now, and we see 2016 as another promising year for the mutual prosperity and development of our two countries.
With the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence introduced by late Premier Zhou Enlai, China has followed a foreign policy that has earned the respect of the world.
President Xi Jinping's Belt and Road Initiative is central to peaceful and prosperous regional integration. The Belt and Road Initiative, the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, has all the attributes of binding many geographical regions into a well-knit robust economic block.
History bears witness to the fact that economic partnerships have turned rivals and foes into friends and partners. China and Pakistan are resolved like never before to work together to "achieve a community of shared destiny" as envisaged by Xi and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
Police officers are entitled to use force when they or members of the public are under threat. In other words, the police's countermeasures should be proportional to the issues they intend to solve.
In the first place, the police officer who kicked the man, who had already submitted himself to police control, infringed upon the man's legal rights and violated police regulations.
The two college students had the right as citizens to supervise the police law enforcement process.
The officers had no justification for restricting the two students' freedom and taking them to the police station by force, where the violence inflicted on them was predictable. The statement of the superior public security authority in the city indicates it did not know about the case until the photos appeared online.
The question is whether the public security system's self-monitoring and self-discipline mechanisms can function well when they are needed, no other police officers intervened to stop the physical punishment meted out to the students.
That is not to deny, the police don't contribute to maintaining social stability and protecting public security. How deeply embedded is the old evil of "favoring a son over a daughter" in some people's minds? She is an excellent employee in the human resources department in her company and gets quite a good salary. The show has been a huge success, with viewers nationwide discussing how they would help her. Search "favoring sons over daughters" online and you find as many as 10,000 cases like Fan's.
The topics "how to help Fan" and "families like Fan's" have been among the hottest topics discussed on social media recently. During the Spring Festival this year, reporters from China Central Television conducted a survey in Northwest China's Shaanxi province, and found that most parents ask for gift money of over 100,000 yuan ($15,333) from those who wish to marry their daughters. And sad to say, the girls that are exploited by their parents belong to a "luckier" group, because they at least survived gender selection.
Though the gap in the gender ratio has fallen a little in the past several years, the ratio remains 1.13, which is much higher than the natural ratio would be. Even today, when the high male-female ratio becomes a serious social problem, media outlets and officials ask: "What to do when so many men cannot find wives?" They might not realize it, but they worry about the lack of females while some do not care for females at all.
The Pentagon has once again pointed accusing fingers at China, this time for what it claims was an "unsafe" intercept of one of its spy planes by two Chinese fighters over the South China Sea on Tuesday. The US has again defended its innocence by stressing the spy plane was flying in international airspace. Because the two militaries have agreed upon a code of conduct to control risks and to deal with unplanned encounters at sea and in the air, the event will probably end up as just another footnote in the history of the perennial cat-and-mouse game on China's doorstep. Reports indicate the US conducts more than 1,000 spying missions close to China's borders each year, more than the annual number of spying missions it conducted against the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Yet it insists it is the wronged party and that it has no intentions of trying to contain a rising China. US saber rattling in the South China Sea has intensified in recent years, particularly after Washington announced its "rebalancing to the Asia-Pacific".
Thanks to its military and economic supremacy, the US has assumed the role of rule-setter worldwide. While more communication is needed between the two militaries to ensure that their militaries' air and sea encounters are safe, the safest bet for regional peace and stability is the US reduces, minimizes and finally ends its flagrant spying on China. To peep into other's courtyard uninvited is at best impolite; to criticize the host for objecting to such behavior compounds the injury. In a recent clarification to domestic and foreign media on its stance on the case submitted by the Philippines to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague on its territorial dispute with China in the South China Sea, China's Foreign Ministry emphasized that the court has no power of jurisdiction over what is fundamentally a sovereignty case and its ruling has no legal force. China News Weekly and National Interest recently published a co-signed article by Fu Ying, a senior official in China's top legislature, and Wu Shicun, an expert on South China Sea studies, which pointed out the various provocative moves made by the United States under the pretext of stopping "China's expansion" have only spurred China's stronger determination to safeguard its national interests.
While the US with its ingrained "exceptionalism" defies the constraints of international rules, it demands other countries accept these rules. Under the universally recognized "sovereignty exclusion" principle, China has the right to refuse the Hague court's arbitration. Despite the ray of hope offered by a change of Philippine president, whether or not Rodrigo Duterte will be able to extricate his country from the influence of the US when he takes office remains to be seen. Particularly, how to tackle the South China Sea dispute from a Philippine perspective rather than from the perspective of coordinating with the US' "rebalancing to the Asia-Pacific" strategy will put the political wisdom and capability of the new Philippine leader to the test. A MAN WAS seen continuously beating a 10-year-old boy in a street in Jiulongpo district, Chongqing, in southwestern China. Before they knew the boy was the man's son, some bystanders tried to stop the man hitting the boy. Domestic violence harms minors physically and mentally and damages the dignity of a family, especially as it is women and children who are the victims.
On March 1, the Law on Domestic Violence came into effect, it not only gives government agencies above the county level the right to intervene to protect women and children; it also extends special protection to the victims. The law is designed to protect the rights of women and children within the family, and to prevent domestic violence from being tacitly condoned by being considered an internal family problem rather than a social issue. STUDENTS AT A PRIMARY SCHOOL in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian province, were reportedly required to clean the school toilets to "help them nurture good habits". For some of the pupils and their parents, who strongly opposed the idea of their children cleaning the school's toilets, the school is supposed to provide students with a proper education, not the opportunity to be school cleaners. But they fail to see the benefits of youngsters collectively doing such chores, which have great potential to instill in teenagers a sense of responsibility and a do-it-yourself mentality.
In fact, parents, schools, and society as a whole, play an equally important role in developing the character of youngsters. In recent years, parents tend to make mountains out of molehills when it comes to non-academic activities in schools.
As a result, many elementary schools, especially those in big cities, do not allow students to take part in outdoor activities during breaks, fearing that they might get hurt. What the primary school in Fuzhou is doing to enrich the students' in-school experience, as well as their efforts to carry forward the practice when challenged by a number of parents, are therefore praiseworthy.
The kids who are "required" to clean the school toilets and their parents will thank the school later for teaching them the spirit of rules and teamwork.
AFTER SHANGHAI Disneyland Resort began its trial opening on May 7, some of the visitors complained online about the high food prices inside the theme park.
Beijing Youth Daily holds a different view and said the resort will have to adjust its food prices in order to welcome more low- and middle-income visitors. Market-oriented reforms over the past 38 years have created an economic miracle for China, but they have also left many vulnerable groups behind.
The solution is rooting out corruption and making the market fairer, while providing ample social welfare to the vulnerable. Brexit supporters claim that Britain could strike its own special deal with the EU, cherry picking the provisions it likes. The author, a former economic adviser to the president of the European Commission, is a visiting senior fellow at the London School of Economics' European Institute and the author of European Spring: Why Our Economies and Politics are in a Mess - and How to Put Them Right. However, the bottleneck in China's domestic tourism market is now none other than its "inadequate, dirty and chaotic" toilets. That was why, the CNTA launched a nationwide three year "Tourism Toilet Revolution" in January 2015, with the goal of building and reconstructing 57,000 public toilets by the end of 2017. There is no doubt the Chinese government has the capability to deliver any ambitious infrastructure commitment quickly. That could be remedied by following the "ABC" rule, namely architecture, behavior and cleaning.
First of all, public toilets have to be user-friendly to a wide variety of people of both genders, from mothers with babies to kids and adults, as well as the elderly and disabled.
Clean toilets also require the professionalization of cleaners, facility managers, and owners. The ancient Chinese had a culture of recycling excreta into fertilizers and this practice created plenty of toilet designs that facilitated the manual collection of excreta especially in rural areas even today.
Now, with the past 30 years of rapid economic growth, Chinese people enjoy quality lifestyles in almost every aspect. Jack Sim is founder of the World Toilet Organization and visiting fellow at the Institute of Water Policy from the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore. London black cab drivers are famous for learning "the knowledge" so that they can prove they know how to take a passenger the quickest route from A to B and, of course, their taxi vehicles are expensive to buy but very spacious, reliable and fit for the purpose. There have always been some alternatives to licensed cabs such as pre-booked airport pick-up services but such companies cannot legally "ply for hire" in the street.
For some visitors it seems to have increased the number of taxis with green lights on display that speed by rather than stopping because they are responding to an app booking.
Clearly there is still work to be done to establish the long term role of this game changer.
The author is an economist and director of China Programs at CAPA - The Global Education Network, which cooperates with East China Normal University in Shanghai.
With the US government now refusing to engage directly with the DPRK, Trump's words have made major headlines in the United States. China's Foreign Ministry has generally remained cool in the face of the frequent outrageous rhetoric regarding China by US presidential candidates. China has been long pushing for a direct engagement between Washington and Pyongyang to defuse the growing tension on the Korean Peninsula. In February, State Department spokesman John Kirby confirmed that the US rejected the DPRK's proposal to discuss a peace treaty to replace the 1953 Armistice agreement, citing the DPRK's lack of sincerity in dropping its nuclear program.
Instead, the US has increasingly relied on economic sanctions and shows of force, such as its frequent military drills with the Republic of Korea aimed at the DPRK, something that further justifies the DPRK's concerns for its own national security.
Such a US approach, however, has repeatedly proved to be a failure, with the DPRK continuing its nuclear and missile program despite the continued US pressure and threat.
Yet the failure of its approach has not made the US try some thing new, such as offering the DPRK security assurance by replacing the armistice with a peace treaty.
In his 2010 book How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace, Charles Kupchan, a former US government official now a Georgetown University professor, argues that diplomatic engagement with a rival is crucial to rapprochement between adversaries.
NASA Administrator Charles Bolden noted in a seminar at the Brookings Institution on May 9 that if you want bad people to become good people, you've got to engage them. That is how China and the US have been dealing with each other since July, 1971, following Henry Kissinger's secret trip to Beijing.
Still, given the more than 90 dialogue and consultation mechanisms between the two countries, it's abundantly clear that they have to do an even better job in managing differences, such as through more meetings between the top leaders and more effective dialogue at the annual Strategic and Economic Dialogue, this year to be held in Beijing next month. It would be hard to imagine how the US and the DPRK can handle their stark differences without even one dialogue mechanism and with no diplomatic relations.
Understandably, a brief single meeting is unlikely to achieve something significant or resolve major issues. After the election reform package proposed by the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region fell through in June last year, many members of the opposition camp have remained agitated and expressed their cynicism about almost everything the government is doing in the SAR. The participation of four Hong Kong legislators representing the major political groups in the city's opposition camp in Wednesday's meeting with Zhang, who chairs the National People's Congress Standing Committee and oversees Hong Kong affairs, suggests the welcome return of reason and pragmatism within the opposition camp - at least as far as the mainstream of the opposition is concerned.
This is of paramount significance to settling any controversy regarding any issue in the SAR, particularly those affecting its future development. Only with reason and pragmatism can the members of Hong Kong's opposition camp engage in constructive discussion on any issue regarding the SAR's future. More importantly, in demonstrating their willingness to communicate with and present their views on significant issues regarding Hong Kong's future development with the top legislator, the opposition leaders have recognized that the central authorities in Beijing too have a stake in the success of Hong Kong, over which it has constitutional rights and responsibility under the principle of "One Country, Two Systems".
Indeed, a meeting with Zhang is a great opportunity, by any measure, for them to present their views on local issues to the central authorities.
After all, what better channel or opportunity is there than directly conversing with the top official in charge of the country's constitutional affairs for that purpose? There might not have been enough time for the attendees to present all their points at the 40-minute meeting. It is to be hoped it heralds further dialogue that can bring Hong Kong together in pursuit of a common future. As part of the increased interaction in the run-up to May 20 when Taiwan's leader-elect Tsai Ing-wen is scheduled to take office, US Secretary of State John Kerry reiterated to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in a telephone conversation on Monday that the United States' stance remains unchanged and Washington will not support "Taiwan independence". Since its establishment of diplomatic ties with the Chinese mainland, the US has maintained essentially quasi-official political, economic and military relations with Taiwan. Concerned that Tsai's predecessor Ma Ying-jeou's policy was too "pro-mainland", the US demonstrated a strong preference for Tsai's pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party during the island's election. A recent report by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, an influential US think-tank, even proposed the US government demand the Chinese mainland allow Tsai to use "equivocal terms" regarding the 1992 Consensus to show a more flexible attitude toward the island. Washington's DPP-tilted approach may be because it wants to play the "Taiwan card" against the Chinese mainland in the context of the strategic competition emerging with Beijing in the South China Sea, and its perception that cross-Straits peace would not be sabotaged if Tsai does not directly challenge the one-China principle. The US undoubtedly underestimates the possibility of DPP pursuing "Taiwan's independence", which risks destroying Washington's skillfully employed "neutral and balanced" policy toward the two sides of the Taiwan Straits.
A MINOR IN WENZHOU, East China's Zhejiang province, recently told the media that he was sexually assaulted in prison last year.
In order to build rule of law, we need to break the taboos and ensure there are legal solutions to such hidden problems.
Last September, an amendment to the Criminal Law was passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, China's top legislature.
Before that, Zhang Datong, a middle school teacher in Shanghai municipality, was found to have sexually violated male middle school students for 20 years but was not found guilty of committing any crime.
If the prison officers knew of the assaults but failed to curb them, they should be held accountable for neglecting their duty.
When males are sexually assaulted, they suffer psychological and physical wounds, too, and that's why the 2015 amendment to the law is to be applauded.
FOLLOWING THE INAUGURATION OF the United States' first antimissile defense system on European soil in Romania on May 12, NATO has begun building a second one in northern Poland.
It is no exaggeration to say that the nuclear contest between major powers, including the US and Russia, has reemerged in East Europe and East Asia, which poses a challenge to world peace. As a result, the Washington-backed system was temporarily suspended after US President Barack Obama assumed power in 2008. The truth is, it was already deployed in East Europe before the P5+1 Iran nuclear deal was reached last summer, to "protect the US and Europe from Iran's possible attacks". The just activated antimissile defense system in Europe, which the US claims is part of a global antimissile defense system and is not aimed at destroying Russia's nuclear missile potential, will undoubtedly deal a major blow to the current strategic balance.
Despite globalization and the free trade and cultural exchanges that have followed it, military might still plays a central role in balancing the major power relationships.
It is noteworthy that Washington's deployment of the antimissile defense system has been welcomed by some East European states, which are now at the forefront of NATO's confrontation with Russia.
JAPAN HAS denied allegations of bribery in Tokyo's bid to host the 2020 Olympics, after French investigators found a total of 230 million yen ($2 million) had been transferred into the account of a Singaporean company owned by ex-IOC member Lamine Diack between July and October 2013. If the allegations prove true, it would be a major scandal that would not only damage Japan's image but also cast a shadow over the Olympic Games. Istanbul, which lost out to Tokyo, is now complaining that the failure of its bid was because it did not give money to influential IOC members. Her choice, be it advocating the one-China principle or equivocating about the consensus in fresh pursuit of the island's "formal independence", will mark a turning point in cross-Straits relations.
That Tsai has stressed the need to "preserve the status quo" in cross-Straits ties while avoiding questions about her stance on the 1992 Consensus (under the name of respecting Taiwan people's decision), indicates that she is inclined to take the second path, as much as she craves and needs the dividends of the eight-year-long peaceful exchanges. On its part, the mainland will not give up persuading the DPP to adhere to the 1992 Consensus, but it has also prepared for the worst-case scenarios, which are very likely to happen given Tsai's long-time advocacy of "independence" as well as her latest equivocal remarks.
Taiwan's participation in the upcoming World Health Assembly from May 23 to 28 in Geneva as an observer, to a point, will offer an indication of whether the island's new leadership takes the 1992 Consensus seriously. The one-China principle, that both the mainland and Taiwan are parts of one China, has been widely recognized among the international community and is also reflected in the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758. The principle stands on firm legal ground at home and abroad and has been made clear even in Taiwan's "constitution". Claiming that Taiwan's participation in the WHA has nothing to do with the one-China principle, the DPP has attempted to make a mountain out of a molehill. True, the timing is a bit delicate because the island was invited to the meeting under the Kuomintang's eight-year rule, and will be represented by the pro-independence DPP in Geneva a week later. Such being said, should the DPP representatives seek to challenge or protest against the principle in Geneva, the party's promise to maintain the status quo will be seen as being no more than lip service to the voters that favor it. He said, the Chinese medical team is familiar with the relevant techniques and the first patient to undergo such an operation will be Chinese.
We are not sure whether the surgery is as mature as he suggests and whether a head transplant would succeed.
More importantly, if most medical professionals strongly oppose such an operation but the doctor still insists on doing it, and the patient dies, what responsibility will the doctor bear? Many argue that the law should be more tolerant of medical developments and experiments are needed to realize medical progress. Another problem is the legal aspects of such an operation: Where will the body used for the operation come from? Even if some healthy person promises to donate his or her body after their death, and even if the surgical operation succeeds and the donated body and the transplanted head combine into a new person that only raises more issues. More importantly, do the relationships of either person, such as marriage and blood relationship, continue?
An obvious issue is, whatever the new person's legal identity is, he or she cannot have two spouses at the same time.
Reports say that the initial candidate for Canavero's head transplant operation is Valery Spiridinov, a Russian scientist who has Werdnig-Hoffman disease, a rare genetic disease that gradually wastes away muscles. The ethical problems are so big that even Professor Ren Xiaoping from Harbin Medical University in northeastern China's Heilongjiang province, who is said to be the main co-worker of Canavero in China, said they must solve the ethical problems first.
Actually, there are ethical problems with many other medical technologies, too, such as human assisted reproductive technology, namely human clones or surrogate births.
Duterte needs to ally the fear in the US that his presidency will lead to the cooling of Philippine-American relations, considering his nasty remarks against the US during his election campaign.
Because the Philippine Supreme Court has declared the constitutionality of the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement, Duterte has committed to the inevitable implementation of the EDCA.
So it seems the Duterte presidency will depart from the excessive pro-US stance of his predecessor President Benigno Aquino III. While Duterte seriously values the Philippines' long-standing security alliance with the US, he seems to be more enthusiastic about repairing the Philippines' damaged political ties with China.
Duterte prefers the exploration of peaceful options to address the Philippines' South China Sea disputes with China. Although the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague will soon announce its decision on the Philippine's unilateral arbitration case against China, Duterte seems to be more interested in pursuing a policy of accommodation with China than forcing the issue of international arbitration. The Duterte presidency, however, must be wary of the effect of excessive accommodation of China just to get investments, improve trade, boost tourism, and revive development assistance.
Duterte's presidency should stick to a foreign policy of hedging by continuously enhancing the Philippine's defense alliance with the US while resolutely improving its political ties with China.
The author teaches at the department of international studies at Miriam College, the Philippines, and is the director of the Center for Intelligence and National Security Studies (CINSS), Chairman of the Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research. At a meeting of the Central Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs on Monday, President Xi Jinping particularly stressed efforts to expand the middle-income group and improve the income distribution mechanism.
This newly-found sense of urgency to further increase the number of middle-income workers is surely related to the role that consumption is now playing in ensuring the stable, moderate growth of the world's second-largest economy. Although China's economy expanded by only 6.7 percent year-on-year in the first quarter of 2016, the slowest since early 2009, indicating considerably strong headwinds, it is fairly reassuring, if not surprising, to see the rapid rise of consumption as a leading growth engine while traditional growth drivers such as investment and exports are losing steam. Since all the domestic measures to address overcapacity in many traditional industrial sectors will take time to bear fruit and the global trade will not regain its growth momentum any time soon as the world economy struggles under international financial and political uncertainties, it is reasonable for Chinese policymakers to double down on stronger consumption-led growth to avoid an unexpected hard landing. Recently, there has been talk of China's economy tending towards L-shaped growth as deep-rooted problems persist and new challenges emerge, including shrinking private investment, the real estate bubble, industrial overcapacity, non-performing loans, local government debt and financial market risk. By ruling out the possibility of a quick and strong recovery, such a sober view has actually raised the question of how the country can manage to overcome the middle-income trap after more than three decades of double digit growth. While rising income levels have eroded the international competitiveness of many small- and mid-sized economies to slow their growth, a significantly enlarged middle-income group might be the Chinese answer to this global development challenge.
In spite of the lack of a clearly-defined criterion for middle income in this country, the fact that Chinese travelers have made around 120 million overseas trips in 2015, up 12 percent from the year before, will at least provide a glance at the huge potential of a certain part of the country's middle-income group. With a population of 1.3 billion, no one should expect the number of global-trotters from China to peak soon as the country's middle-income group is just set to expand. Instead of regarding rising income levels for a larger number of Chinese workers as merely a burden on enterprises in this country, Chinese policymakers should realize that a better income distribution mechanism to ensure a larger share of the overall economic pie for the majority of workers will help sustain economic growth in the long run. On one hand, a substantial increase in the number of middle-income families will give a lasting and powerful boost to consumption-led growth. In this sense, the middle-income level will not necessarily be a trap but rather a bridge to China's long-term growth.
As China's top legislator pointed out soon after his plane landed in Hong Kong on Tuesday, one of the purposes of his visit was to bring people in the special administrative region the best wishes of the central government.
He conveyed the "warm regards" of President Xi Jinping to people of Hong Kong and said he brought "the care of the central government and all Chinese people". From the guarantee of stable food supplies to Hong Kong in the 1950s and the pumping of fresh water from East River to ease Hong Kong's water shortage since the 1960s, to the introduction of the Individual Visitor Scheme in 2003 to invigorate Hong Kong's faltering economy following the SARS epidemic, the central government has continually demonstrated its care and concern for the people of Hong Kong. Zhang Dejiang, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, is the highest-ranking official to visit the special administrative region since 2012, when former president Hu Jintao came to preside over ceremonies marking the 15th anniversary of the return of Hong Kong to the motherland.
Zhang is on a three-day inspection tour of Hong Kong, and said he had come to "observe, listen and speak". He will certainly seek to observe first-hand the current situation in the special administrative region - his trip is an inspection tour after all.
And, among other occasions, he will speak at a Belt and Road Summit on Wednesday, outlining a clear picture of the initiative and the role Hong Kong can play in it. The special administrative region has immense experience in foreign trade and is equipped with financial services expertise that will certainly enable it to fully contribute to the initiative, thereby finding the way forward for its currently troubled economy. But listening is equally important on Zhang's agenda, and he is putting an emphasis on listening to the recommendations and requirements Hong Kong residents have about implementing the cardinal principle of "One Country, Two Systems".
He said he intends "to listen to all sectors of society", and he will speak with lawmakers, including some from the "pro-democracy" camp, political, business and community leaders in Hong Kong. Whoever speaks with him should take full advantage of this opportunity to present to the NPC chairman their aspirations for the development of the SAR. Cross-Straits relations are facing a testing time as May 20, when Taiwan's top leader-elect is scheduled to take office, draws near. Although Tsai Ing-wen, also head of the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party, has claimed that her administration will try to maintain the cross-Straits status quo, there are few indications that her inauguration speech will mention the 1992 Consensus, which has been the foundation for improving cross-Straits ties.
Further fueling worries that relations will deteriorate is the recent attempt by some DPP lawmakers to amend the island's referendum law, in a bid to drastically lower the threshold for an island-wide referendum and enlarge the scope of issues that can be put to a public vote to include "sovereignty" and cross-Straits agreements. If adopted by the island's top legislature, the amendment would risk crossing the bottom line set by the mainland to fight secessionist activity on the island. Die-hard separatists have long seen the current bill as an obstacle to their pursuit of de jure "Taiwan independence", because it excludes referendums on sensitive issues such as changing the island's name, "anthem", flag and "constitution". An amendment would give them a free hand to push the envelope as they challenge the one-China policy.
The separatists are playing a dangerous game by seeking to push forward their secessionist cause in this way. Overseas mergers and acquisitions by Chinese enterprises are an increasingly evident trend. Domestic investors welcome such moves because that might enhance the position of domestic companies in the global value chain, and produce further dividends for them. A report by PricewaterhouseCoopers shows that companies listed in the A-share market played a major role in overseas M&As last year, making 121 deals, about 60 percent of the total. Such M&As benefit all involved, but there is a risk they might create a bubble in the stock market. If such a bubble does emerge and then bursts, that might lead to a plunge in the stock market and consequently a chain reaction that would be disastrous for all. AN INCREASING NUMBER OF CHINESE HEPATITIS C PATIENTS reportedly travel to India to buy cheap generic drugs for their treatment, instead of buying such medicines manufactured at home. That India has become the "global pharmacy" has a lot to do with both its patent law and the high quality of its generic drugs. On the one hand, the country allows local pharmaceutical companies to produce generic drugs before the original drugs' patents expire and even export these generic drugs overseas. On the other hand, Indian pharmaceutical factories, less than 120 of which are certified by the United States' Food and Drug Administration, are able to make generic drugs that are almost as effective as the originals which have to pass a series of trials before entering the market. In comparison, the generic drugs made in China are not as effective; some may even provoke allergic reactions and other side-effects.
Admittedly, Chinese pharmaceutical companies face tougher restrictions when it comes to the mass production of generic drugs under the country's law for patent protection. As a result, some Chinese medicine makers even use the generic drugs on sale as a reference and produce their own.
The Good Manufacturing Practice, which was adopted by China in the 1990s, has also failed to improve the quality of Chinese generic drugs due to the insufficient implementation and loose regulations, dealing a major blow to market share.
It is thus time for the Chinese food and drug authorities to streamline the quality control of domestically made generic drugs, in a bid to put an end to the poorly regulated pharmaceutical market.
MONDAY marked the 50th anniversary of the beginning of the "cultural revolution" (1966-76). China has learned its lessons from the decade of tumult between 1966 and 1976 and is now determined to avoid any social unrest that would disrupt national progress.
Since introducing the reform and opening-up policy more than 30 years ago, the nation has been growing stronger and stronger and people's living standards have been improved markedly.
The historical lessons from the "cultural revolution" must be firmly kept in mind in this context. The Chinese people have never been so close to realizing the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The Party and the public should beware repeating historical mistakes and dispel all disturbances to ensure the goal is achieved.
While the initiative was announced in 2015, its foundations were laid as early as the 1960s with the "air corridor", "The Karakoram Highway", and later the construction of Gwadar Port. Apparently an energy and economic corridor, it is in fact a framework for holistic development. While the Belt and Road Initiative, the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, is a pivotal strategy for China, President Xi Jinping's vision is not confined to creating a trade route, but a community of "shared interests, fate, and responsibilities". Once the project was announced, the first task, at the operational level was to develop a consensus on what the CPEC would involve and its various components, such as the mechanisms for regular consultations, the cooperation modes and how it would be financed. Looking back on the project's first year, one finds that not only a deep understanding on essential issues has been reached, a lot of development on the ground has also commenced.
As to the security aspect, a Special Security Division has been established in Pakistan for the CPEC.
However, a pertinent question often raised in light of the political and diplomatic landscape of the region is with so much bilateral, regional and global significance attached to the project, will it not face any counter-moves by adversaries of the two countries? At the same time as progress has been made on the ground, the interest and attention being given to CPEC at the highest level by the two countries' leaderships ensure that effective and timely notice will be taken to counter all negative moves. Flooding is caused not only by heavy rainfall, but also the inadequate infrastructure that fails to channel the water away.
However, most of them are simply strengthening the pipes, which is only one of the necessary measures. Even in Beijing, the pipes are only designed to cope with the severity of rainstorms that occur only once every one to three years.
In developed countries, the pipes are designed to cope with rainstorms of a severity that happens only once in five to 10 years. TM I-SiteTM laser scanning expertise and software technology is being used to map the geology and layout of the deepest underground laboratory to be established in the USA. The Deep Underground Science and Engineering Lab (DUSEL) in the former Homestake gold mine in Lead, South Dakota, will provide for scientific studies in particle and nuclear physics, geology, hydrology, geo-engineering, biology, and biochemistry. The project, funded by the National Science Foundation, will allow geoscientists and engineers to research the behaviour of subsurface rock, minerals, water and energy sources. A key reason for selecting Maptek to carry out the underground scanning of drifts is the experience of technical personnel in both mining and laser scanning, as well as in data filtering and modelling. Homestake, the deepest mine in North America with galleries at 8000 ft (2438 m), is well suited for experiments that require extremely low cosmogenic backgrounds.
In April 2009 Maptek technical services staff scanned 2 drifts at the 300-foot level, capturing 8 million points - 8 Gb data - for geological mapping and evaluating structures.
I-Site Studio software has been designed with mine surveyors in mind; DUSEL has a few extra requirements. These tools provided the ability to combine lower resolution scan data with high resolution photographic imagery. Maptek has been developing 3D mining technology for 30 years, helping mining companies worldwide to maintain their competitive advantage.
Editorial input has been requested for International Mining’s Novermber focus on GPS and surveying. International Mining’s October issue, currently in final production, includes a focus on the mining industry of Kazakhstan, where one of the major mining companies is Kazakhmys, the world’s No.10 copper producer. BASF’s MEYCO Equipment unit and Sandvik Mining and Construction have signed an agreement on global co-operation in the fields of tunneling and mining.
Advances in geological concepts and technology are the cornerstone of the competitiveness of the mining industry.
Marilyn Scales is a field editor for the Canadian Mining Journal, Canada’s first mining publication. The SF 17-22 was specifically designed for applications in industries such as hospitals, laboratories, breweries, universities or pharmaceuticals.
The SF multi-duplex consists of 1 or 2 elements, backed up respectively by 1 or 2 additional elements, integrated in a sound insulated enclosure.  This SF multi-duplex design is compliant with all the stringent redundancy standards within the medical sector. Atlas Copco's 100% oil-free scroll compressor technology protects both the production process and the end product quality while fulfilling the most stringent requirements for pure and clean oil-free air. By optimizing cooling flow design, pressure drop and lower inlet air temperature, Atlas Copco has increased reliability and performance level.  This results in a free air delivery (FAD) up to 51% higher and specific energy requirements (SER) down 6% for the new SF 17-22 range when comparing to the previous multi-scroll range. The integrated Energy Saver System (ESi) monitors and controls the running hours of each element module, allowing for equal wear so service visits can be combined, optimizing your production process and minimizing downtime.  Convenient access to each element module renders for minimum maintenance time.
The SF 17-22 can easily be placed at the point of use due to the silenced enclosure 65 dB(A) with integrated dryer full feature concept reducing installation costs and minimizing pressure drops saving energy. We had a productive relationship with him when he was Housing and Regeneration Minister previously, signing a housing supply pact to increase the number of affordable homes across Wales. The new Labour minority government, with its shared priorities, must now deliver on this promise with an ambitious plan for housing in the Programme for Government, including the pledges both Labour and Plaid Cymru made to end the Right to Buy and deliver 20,000 affordable homes.
It’s vital that the new government recognises this and delivers on the ambitious housing targets we saw in party manifestos. They must now deliver on this promise with an ambitious plan for housing in the new Programme for Government.
Pat gave a big part of her life to helping others and spent much of her working life in helping to meet people's housing needs in Wales. In this role, Clarissa works with housing associations to influence government and other key stakeholders on housing policy issues including reclassification, the Right to Buy and welfare reform. I am looking forward to joining a team that is already leading the housing sector in Wales and achieving great things. CHC is focusing on several post-election priorities to ensure that housing remains a key issue in Wales when the new government is in place, and Clarissa will play an integral role in leading on these priorities.
The campaign calls on the next Welsh Government to publish an ambitious plan for housing as part of the new Programme for Government which sets out how they will end the housing crisis in Wales. This has led to rising prices, undermining our economic competitiveness and Wales’ reputation as a destination for investment. Homes for Wales’ celebrity supporters include actor Michael Sheen, Welsh entertainer Max Boyce, comedian Rhod Gilbert, actor and producer Jonny Owen and Bafta-winning actress Vicky McClure. Rural Housing Enablers play a significant role in ensuring the viability and sustainability of rural communities by overcoming many of the barriers in rural areas, such as identifying appropriate sites and assessing local needs. Despite getting on the housing ladder during the property boom, she could not progress further when the recession hit. A home is one of the most basic but most vital building blocks of life and there simply aren’t enough affordable homes in Wales for those that need them. The announcement, made by the Minister for Disabled People, Justin Tomlinson MP means that the change will now apply to tenancies in supported accommodation signed from April 2017.
Community Land Trusts, housing co-operatives and alms houses will also be given a one year exception. CHC will continue to provide support to members involved in the review, and we will work with the DWP to ensure that it captures the full picture of what is offered by supported accommodation and that the needs of the devolved nations are captured in any UK-wide policy. We estimate that around 10,000 claimants will be affected in April 2018, and it is imperative that tenants and landlords entering into a tenancy from this April have clarity and certainty about these changes.


Investment in housing boosts the local economy and local services, and this £20m will create 500 new jobs across Wales. It provides tenants with higher levels of support than in general needs housing, and helps tenants with the confidence and know-how to take control of their lives.
Furthermore, these additional costs do not necessarily reflect the costs pressures associated with private sector rents, which are what ultimately dictate Local Housing Allowance levels. There are 36,908 supported housing units across the whole country; 22,110 owned and run by housing associations and a further 14,798 by local authorities.
The cap is economically counter-productive, with any reduction in spending on social security likely to be far outstripped in the long-term by presentations to health services and other support agencies. Another Welsh housing association has 48 bedsit units as part of their stock, predominantly housing tenants under the age of 35. We are concerned about the likely effect it will have on the ability of single people in supported or temporary housing to move onto permanent accommodation at the appropriate time.
We have concerns that due to the discretionary and temporary nature of the DHP fund, this will put a significant element of funding for supported housing on an insecure footing and as a consequence could lead to a reduction in the provision of existing services and put new developments at risk at a time when pressure on services is increasing. This will be a particular issue for those who need to live in supported housing on a longer term basis, for example, sheltered housing, retirement housing or adapted housing.
A secure rental income stream alongside continued financial support from Welsh Government is vital for the future viability of Welsh housing associations, and this security means that the sector can continue to build more homes and deliver services in communities across Wales.
The campaign brings together those who believe everyone has a right a decent affordable home to call their own and has been set up to ensure that housing is a key political issue in the National Assembly for Wales elections next May. We’ll meet at the Senedd in Cardiff Bay and will then march to the city centre for an event in the Hayes area of the city. CHC has consistently made the case to Welsh Government to emphasise the importance of investing in the housing association sector. Investment in housing helps stimulate the economy and provides job and training opportunities for local people, as well as funding new affordable homes. We now need Welsh Government to confirm the rental settlement in Wales that was previously agreed.
Extra capital of £900m for Wales will be made available over the next 5 years, and we call on Welsh Government to invest a significant proportion of this capital in Welsh housing. It’s essential that Welsh Government supports the delivery of housing across all tenures, including social housing, to deliver an effective housing market. We are especially concerned about the impact of aligning Housing Benefit with Local Housing Allowance for new social housing tenants. The Welsh Apprentice Challenge is a first for us and provides a real opportunity to showcase some of the amazing young talent working in the sector and the vast opportunities available. Since joining Cartrefi Conwy as a Modern Apprentice, she has had fantastic reviews from colleagues across the business. However, the report clearly illustrates that the economic impact of the sector goes beyond bricks and mortar. This decision applies from the enforcement date of the Housing Regeneration Act (HRA) 2008, with reclassification due to be implemented from early 2016. This decision should have no bearing on the independence of housing associations in the devolved administrations. Across the UK, we are the most successful partnership of public, private and third sectors. Figures out today (21 October) reveal that 89% of Welsh Government’s target to provide 10,000 additional affordable homes during this Assembly term have been delivered by Welsh housing associations with more than a year to go. We particularly welcome the recognition of the hard work and achievements of Welsh housing associations in their contribution to the 10,000 target, which comes after our sector made a Housing Supply Delivery pact with Welsh Government earlier this year. In order for the sector to continue to provide this substantial contribution to the economy, employment, training and the availability of homes, the sector needs the continued support of the Welsh Government through its investment in Social Housing Grant.
Older people should not be forced to choose between eating or heating their homes during the winter. We’re asking people to support and donate to the cause by posting a #scarfie on social media and encouraging others to do so also.
Homeopathic individualized medicines versus fluoxetine for moderate to severe depression: double-blind, randomized non-inferiority trial. Because of the large number of muscle fibers and extensive fascia, (fascia is a type of connective tissue that surrounds and separates muscles) the drug has a large surface area for absorption.
Exterior and interior general illumination, safety and security, general production and service lighting uses are just some of the financial energy savings that local businesses and municipalities can benefit from.
We will show you the energy and installation savings you will achieve while filling your buildings with the most beautiful, brilliant white light youa€™ve ever seen.
Despite the higher initial investment, switching to LEDs from incandescent lighting can quickly pay off on both fronts, while avoiding the complaints and limitations associated with the compact fluorescent (CFC) bulbs that havena€™t quite lived up to their expected potential. The switch would also save on maintenance costs since bulbs would require less frequent replacement.
Even at the current, high-cost of LED bulbs, the estimated payback on the project is only three years, with the remaining lifespan of the LED bulbs (which should be at least another 10 years) representing pure savings. This has been on full public display through large scale installations like San Franciscoa€™s Bay Bridge and New Yorka€™s Empire State Building, and has begun to catch on at the home level thanks to app-controlled LED lighting systems like Philipsa€™ (NYSE:PHG) Hue wireless system.
Department of Energy has invested with industry partners in research and development of solid-state lighting (SSL)a€”including both light-emitting diode (LED) and organic light emitting diode (OLED) technologies.
DOE still invests to a large degree in promoting the most efficient forms of conventional lighting technologies, through such implementation programs as Building America, the Commercial Buildings Integration Program, and the Federal Energy Management Program. Accelerating the pace of commercialization for SSL will hinge on improving cost competitiveness and quality.
DOE watches closely for problems with poor-performing SSL products that are not yet ready to compete with incumbent technologies, including products that fail to meet manufacturers' performance claims.
Meanwhile, all things are not equal, which is why DOE repeatedly emphasizes that SSL is right for some applications but not for othersa€”and why education and due diligence should be key elements in any lighting specification and purchasing process.
Its comprehensive national program addresses research and development, demonstrations, testing and quality control, market development support, and buyer supporta€”all in service of maximizing the energy-efficiency of SSL products in the marketplace.
It's also highly transparent, publishing numerous reports and roadmaps that are posted online at this website. She has reportedly said in private that she would "continue to implement the 'two states' theory without mentioning it". As long as the mainland doesn't use force against Taiwan, Chen promised, he would not declare independence, change the name of "Republic of China", initiate the writing of the "two states" theory into the "Constitution", propose a referendum over unification or independence, or abolish "the Guidelines for National Unification and National Unification Council". But Tsai should finish her answer sheet for the benefits of all people on both sides of the Straits - the earlier the better. What started as the formal establishment of diplomatic relations in 1951 has today become an unbreakable bond of infallible trust; time-tested friendship, and above all a shared world-view. We speak entirely different languages, have our unique cultures and until recently had limited direct people-to-people interaction.
It has emerged peacefully on the world scene by employing soft power rather than the deployment of hard power.
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor as a flagship project of the initiative will be a game changer for both our countries and the wider region.
It can also serve as the basis for durable peace in the region and beyond, by replacing animosity with cooperation among the member countries.
Xi's visionary concept is one of development, progress and prosperity through win-win partnerships.
Because they refused to hand over their phones to the police, the two students were taken by force to a nearby police station, where two police officers slapped their faces and beat their buttocks with batons. The city's public security department confirmed the next morning that the student's allegations of being beating were true and the police officers concerned are now under investigation. And police officers have the discretionary power to decide whether the threat is immediate or serious enough to justify their using force. Obviously, the two Lanzhou police officers' violence was unwarranted and had no legal basis as there was no threat involved, either to themselves or the public.
The policemen had no legal reason to confiscate their phones, and did so just because they feared the video would cause them further trouble.
Were it not for the pressure of public opinion, the authority would have been unlikely to act.
The heroine, 30-year-old Fan Shengmei who works in Shanghai, spends half her salary supporting her parents and her brother's family.
Yet the exploitation of her by her family means she would not be able to survive without the help of her friends.
The actress, Jiang Xin, even jokingly said on her micro blog that she received extra income this month because so many people were trying to send her gift money to help the character she played.
Fan is one of the millions of girls exploited by their blood families, who mobilize all kinds of resources for their sons. On Zhihu, a domestic real-name online community discussing daily lives, there is a special forum that has so far collected 600 real life stories about woman being exploited in such a way by their families.
A woman surnamed Wang from Chongqing in Southwest China was sentenced to four years in prison for selling two of her babies on the day they were born, both were girls. It remains a quite rampant practice in some underdeveloped regions to find out the gender of the embryo and abort if it is female.
Behind this bloody figure are millions of girls who were deprived of the opportunity of life because of their gender. That's rather ironical and shows how deeply the mindset "male over female" is rooted in our society. The crux of the problem lies in the massive, intensive and close reconnaissance activities the US conducts against China.
As a matter of fact, no country in Southeast Asia has sought international arbitration for the settlement of its maritime disputes with regional countries. When police officers arrived, they found the man was the boy's father who was angry because his son was slow in finishing his homework. It is good for schools to assign students such tasks as few will do them at home, because their parents want them to focus on coursework only. Some scold the teachers if their kids get a minor injury at school, some even challenge the school's teaching methods and management. And whenever a debate boils down to the market's role, public opinion is always divided into two groups: Those advocating the market's decisive role and those saying the market will exclude those at the lowest levels of society. The uncertainty and disruption of drawn-out and doubtless acrimonious divorce proceedings would depress investment and growth.
The UK would have the whip hand, they argue, because it buys more from the EU than it sells in return.
Many economic actors - from German car manufacturers to French farmers to financial centers around the EU - would want to hamper their British competitors. While the UK wouldn't be hamstrung by protectionist interests in the EU, its smaller economy, largely open markets, and desperation for deals would weaken its clout. China's domestic tourism market has been booming in last decade, with a 10 percent annual growth on average and spending is expected to reach around $890 billion by 2020. As Li Jinzao, head of the China National Tourism Administration, has pointed out, a dirty toilet destroys the efforts of all kinds of tourist resort promotions and their negative impact is hard to erase. In an effort to ensure their success, the Chinese government invested billions of yuan in building 4,000 new public toilet facilities to world-class standards. Architects and the facility owners need to be "toilet trained" so that they understand how to design for different types of buildings and the needs of different demographics. It includes environmental conditioning inside the toilet that guides the user's behavior as well as the awareness of behavioral norms of society at large. As these designs were not focused on the enjoyment and privacy of the individuals, an elegant toilet culture did not develop in many parts of China. Sun Xi is an independent commentary writer based in Singapore and alumnus of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Equally the easy to recognise New York yellow cabs require a Medallion (license) to operate. And we all know that traditional taxis are difficult to get when it is raining, and that the drivers of some licensed cabs in big Chinese cities are reluctant to drive during the rush hours as the time spent in heavy traffic is financially unrewarding.
Now a taxi app can search hundreds of taxis operating in a customers' area and find one near and available that will respond (and also adjust the fare in busy times - the market at work). Apple has announced a planned investment of $1 billion in Didi, which is good news for a taxi hailing company that is still loss-making despite huge business growth.
But spokesman Hong Lei, when asked to comment on Trump's words, said on Wednesday that China supports direct talks and communication between the US and the DPRK. The differences between the two countries are still huge and often contentious, but because both have committed to engage with each other, they have been able to develop the relationship by greatly expanding cooperation and managing differences. Yet the fact that representatives from Hong Kong's opposition camp accepted an invitation and met with State leader Zhang Dejiang on Wednesday is already something worth celebrating. Some of their younger members have even indulged in political extremism and delusion about having their way. But it is a good start in the sense that it has opened a new channel for communication between the central authorities in Beijing and Hong Kong's opposition camp.
Its dual-track foreign policy is aimed at maintaining the "no reunification, no independence" status quo across the Straits and striking a strategic balance between the two sides to the US' advantage.
And Washington not only failed to pressure Tsai into embracing the 1992 Consensus, but also extended her a high-profile reception during her visit to the US. If sexual assaults in prison remain a taboo subject for discussion, the victims will continue to feel ashamed even after they are sexually violated and suffer more, instead of seeking justice. It clearly defines sexual violation of males as a crime, which is expected to better protect men from sexual assaults. Now the amendment has come into effect and if the minor is confirmed to have suffered from sexual assaults, the perpetrators should be held responsible. If they intentionally put the teenager into a cell to be exploited, they should be sued as accomplices. Moscow has described NATO's latest deployment in Romania as "a real threat to Russia's security". But in response to its shrinking strategic clout and NATO's military deployment in East Europe during the post-Cold War years, Russia has gradually stepped up its objections to the US' antimissile system in Europe, even threatening to deploy its own ballistic missiles on the border of the European Union to counter the move. This is because the US media outlets have become increasingly soft on negative news about Japan as it is the most important ally of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region. The former will cement the peaceful development shared by both sides of the Taiwan Straits over the past eight years, while the latter will undermine that good momentum. Taiwan's participation in the WHA since 2009 has been a special arrangement based on the one-China principle and relevant WHA resolutions. It is neither part of the "political restrictions" nor an "interference" from the mainland as the DPP recently extorted.
Tsai and her party should drop the fantasy of muddling through and properly endorse the one-China principle for the betterment of Taiwan people's livelihoods. But before such a transplant is attempted there are legal and ethical questions to be considered. A bigger challenge is, his or her previous spouse and family might not accept the new person. Having been associated with personalities in the Philippine communist movement, Duterte displayed a critical and lukewarm attitude toward the US during the election. But he asserts that he will closely monitor the agreement to ensure it is implemented in accordance with the Philippine's national interests. In many of his public statements during his campaign, and in the aftermath of the recently concluded elections, Duterte vowed to resume bilateral talks with China. To peacefully manage the disputes with China in the South China Sea, Duterte has openly declared his preference for promoting joint development. Excessive accommodation of China could potentially undermine the Philippines' long standing alliance with the US.
In this case, the Philippine can pragmatically advance its national interests by getting the best of both worlds. The consumption share marked a significant jump from the 66.4-percent ratio at the end of 2015.
On the other hand, upgrading their consumption will incentivize Chinese enterprises to embrace supply-side reforms on which China's economic future hinges.
It would not only make it easier for them to derail any efforts to improve cross-Straits relations, such as the signing of trade and economic agreements, but also offer them the chance to hijack the Taiwan people in direct confrontation with the mainland. Failure to do so runs counter to her promise of maintaining the "status quo" and will force the mainland to drop any illusion that she is someone it can work with to safeguard peace and stability across the Straits. More than 1,600 of the 2,800 domestic companies listed in the Shanghai-based A-share market are valued at more than $1 billion.
Yet, the loose supervision and quality control of generic drugs, which do not have to meet the standards of the originals, are also to blame.
These drugs may end up having totally different effects from the original versions after rounds of "misinterpretation". The "cultural revolution" was a major detour in the development path of the Party and the nation.
It puts equal emphasis on social sectors and would kick off a process which would have a far-reaching impact on the development of the whole region and the world at large. This vision is based on the understanding that technological developments can only be fully exploited when the physical infrastructure for transporting people, goods and services are in place, fully developed and supported by friendly policies, legislation and procedures with a win-win approach.
It is expected that the Early Harvest plans will be completed in the stipulated timeframe; that is by March 2018.
It is already operational and thousands of security personnel have been deployed in various parts of the country along with CPEC projects.
While the answer may not be difficult to perceive, the strategy in this regard primarily revolves around developing stakeholders of all concerned in the project. Indeed, the strong level of trust between the two countries, that has remained the key factor in their relationship over the last six decades, will be further enhanced with the CPEC.
In September 2013, the State Council, China's Cabinet, urged local governments to improve the drainage capabilities of cities, and many cities have been working on this. In order to solve the problem of city flooding, authorities must take comprehensive measures that range from infrastructure maintenance to ecological protection. According to current standards, the drainage pipes in most cities can only withstand the severity of a deluge that occurs only once in a half to three years. If we were able to 'see' the chakras (as many psychics can do) we would observe a wheel of energy continuously rotating.
The following information has been compiled to help spread the good news with the hope of placing more people onA the path to greater health, relaxation and happiness.
These drifts were last mined in 1920, and lacked geological mapping to the level of detail required. Maptek's software has the unique features we need to get the right output for the project,' commented Dr Zbigniew (Ziggy) J.
Maptek developed new tools to manage the massive volume of captured data, maintaining the required accuracy and detail for analysis. Modelled surfaces incorporating photographic detail could then be constructed from this data and exported for use in Maptek VulcanTM for geotechnical analysis. On that subject, news comes from the USA that MaptekTM I-SiteTM laser scanning expertise and software is being used to map the geology and layout of the old Homestake gold mine in Lead, South Dakota. Paus reports that since 2007 it has delivered a total of 34 personnel transporters to Kazakhmys. Lack of proper coolant system maintenance is the biggest killer of engines according to David Armstrong, CEO of MECHRONIK. In a first step they have agreed to initiate co-operation in the service and maintenance of machines for sprayed concrete. The wholly owned Evonik group subsidiary supplies products to customers in the mining, chemical, pharmaceutical, and surface treatment industries.
Ensuring that technical knowledge and opportunity is optimised in mining and exploration has become a core priority in the current period of economic uncertainty. JOHN’S — The 66th Mines Ministers Conference was urged once again to take active measures in support of the Canada’s mineral industry. The new oil-free scroll compressor SF 17-22 kW is the result of Atlas Copco's striving for continuous innovation. Housing associations exceeded the previous target of 10,000 and the sector is up for the challenge of delivering more. Welsh Liberal Democrat leader, Kirsty Williams, held her seat in Brecon and Radnorshire with a substantial majority. Clarissa has previously worked for the Local Government Association and Hounslow and Birmingham Councils. From businesses to charities, and from Wales to Westminster, there is a clear consensus that we need to be building more homes to satisfy demand, yet we are still not building enough to meet our needs. Other supporting organisations include the Royal College of Nursing, the Church in Wales and Youth Cymru. They work closely with those involved in the provision of other services and infrastructure within their communities.
Homes for Wales speaks with one voice and calls on all politicians to commit to ending the housing crisis and building a stronger Wales.
152,000 20-34 years old still live at home, and 8,596 families have been on the housing waiting list since before the last election. It covers a huge range of housing schemes which help tenants who are experiencing a huge range of problems, including those who are fleeing domestic abuse, suffering from mental health problems, or those who have experienced homelessness. Typically, the LHA is lower in more deprived areas and higher in more affluent parts of the country, meaning that the viability of supported housing in less well-off areas is threatened by the use of LHA to cap financial support. The services are delivered by social landlords who have the specialist knowledge and expertise to support these tenants. We can point to evidence of the impact that the Shared Accommodation Rate in the private rented sector in England has already had on the time young people spend in supported housing. Supported housing would become unaffordable for those it is designed to assist and would cease to be an option. Continued investment alongside a secure income stream through rent will enable housing associations in Wales to deliver 12,500 homes in the next Assembly term, which is an increase of 25% on the current target.
Capping the rent at shared accommodation rate for under 35s will have a significant impact on single young people without children who require access to supported or social housing. For every one person directly employed by the sector, almost two other jobs are supported in the Welsh economy. This contribution means that the sector is on target to meet the 10,000 affordable homes target for this term of Government set in the Housing Supply Pact between CHC and the Welsh Government.
Our independence allows us to draw in billions of pounds of private finance to provide thousands of affordable homes in the UK, create jobs and stimulate the economy. Our members’ commitment to building and providing homes is clear and this work will continue up until we deliver the target, and beyond. This means older people often have greater need for heating to function properly and keep safe and healthy.
Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, UNIFESP (Federal University of SA?o Paulo, Brazil), Av Rouxinol, 1041 cj. The 22 and 23 gauge needles are not so large that they are difficult to insert, yet are large enough for solutions to easily be propelled through them. By converting to LED lighting, we can reduce energy use and energy costs, improve light pollution and light quality and improve where light is directed.
All with no ballast to fail, no blinking, no bugs, no noxious mercury, no noise, no waiting for lights to restart.
The story points to LED lighting as a€?low-hanging fruita€? for commercial property owners looking to slash the 25% to 30% of their energy bill that lighting typically consumes. Today, the purchase price of LED lighting products is generally higher than that of their conventional counterparts, often by a long shot, and the energy savings often aren't enough to offset the difference within an attractive payback period.
A significant part of DOE's function is to educate consumers as well as the lighting community about those claims and other pitfalls in the SSL marketplace.
It is a strategic imperative that guarantees longevity and the sustainability of relations between countries.
China has successfully lifted 700 million people from poverty through prudent policies and reforms.
Pakistan looks at the peaceful rise of China as a source of strength and stability for the Southwest and Central Asian regions. The Chinese commitment to invest $46 billion in Pakistan through the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor projects will be transformational in reshaping the destiny of Pakistan, as well as the region. It is the harbinger of a new era of peace and stability, offering the promise of transforming the regional economic landscape. We have been great together for the past 65 years, and we know the next 65 will be even better.
But that only further highlights the necessity of using institutional means to remove the rotten apples from the basket.
Under pressure from her parents, she pays for an apartment for her brother, even though she doesn't have one of her own and shares a rented apartment with two girlfriends. Yet the parents continue the practice because they want to support their sons with the money. As a result of this, the gender ratio of males to females among newborns has been as high as 1.21 from 2004 to 2008.
They not only constitute military provocations, but also threaten China's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Thus it deems its spying missions on China's doorstep are perfectly acceptable, while China's measures to safeguard its national security are slammed as "unsafe", "unprofessional" or even "dangerous".
The Philippines has elaborately disguised its territorial dispute with China as a dispute on maritime rights and entitlements under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in an attempt to bypass the "sovereignty issue".
Beijing News commented that as long as the theme park neither cheats visitors nor forces people to consume the food, people can choose whether or not to buy. Permanent separation would reduce trade, foreign investment and migration, and hurt competition, productivity growth and living standards. The UK's net contribution to the EU budget amounted to only 0.35 percent of its GDP last year, and scrapping EU regulation would bring limited benefits, because the UK's labor and product markets are already among the freest in the world. For their part, EU governments would want to punish Britain, not least because they know that a velvet divorce with Britain would bolster anti-EU parties, such as France's far-right National Front, which has already called for a referendum on EU membership. Indeed, the US has stated that it has no immediate interest in negotiating a trade deal with the UK.
To showcase the great progress that was made, Beijing hosted the World Toilet Summit in 2004, with the help of the World Toilet Organization. To promote public education of toilet usage, both rational and aspirational approaches are needed. In fact, many public toilets in China have been constructed according to high standards, but as the management is not up to the same standards, they become dirty and fall into disrepair quickly.
These used to change hands at high prices, although now the value of these has dropped noticeably. And then there are times when a taxi will stop but then refuse the ride because of the destination or else stop but demand double the fare because it is late at night. Add to that the more convenient means of payment through the increasing use of smartphones for bank account linked payments, such as Apple Pay, AliPay and WeChat pay.
Apple is keen to develop Apple Pay in China, and encouraging Didi customers to use it is a smart way to expand, in addition Apple has its own driverless car project and may see some synergies with that and the technologies that Didi Chuxing is developing.
There are some concerns about how the combined technologies are creating "instant taxi drivers" - untrained, unlicensed taxi drivers - and concerns about the safety of female passengers, and the quality and condition of vehicles. And on Tuesday, Trump said he would be willing to talk to Democratic People's Republic of Korea leader King Jong-un. Such occurrences have long been known to the police and the judiciary departments, but it remains a taboo in society. Canavero did not say what he thought the odds were for success and no medical association supports his experiment. To transplant a whole body, they need to find a dead person within hours even minutes after his death, and make sure all his organs are healthy and not damaged.
We applaud his pursuit of a better life, but think there is an ethical problem with the way he hopes to achieve this. The changing of guard in the US, which will have its own presidential election in November, provides another source of uncertainty in the current trend and future direction for Philippine-American relations. Though Duterte still needs to clarify the details of his idea of joint development, he seems to be following former top Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's formula of shelving territorial disputes for the purpose of joint cooperation. In contrast, many overseas companies are valued at less than $100 million even though they are performing well. The significance of the CPEC can be imagined as it is a key link in China's Belt and Road Initiative, which involve 4.4 billion people across 65 countries on three continents. Areas along the CPEC would have the potential to become a trade, transit, transport and economic and energy hub for regional progress and development as well.
Measures to address the volatile security situation have also been a priority on the agenda. It will take the relationship to new heights in the coming decades and spread benefits to South, Central and West Asia as well. Residents are busy posting photos online, showing them in boats in the streets or catching fish in the water. Hladysz from the South Dakota School of Mines, which is involved in site inspections and creation of 3D structural models.
The I-Site integrated hardware-software system combines 3D laser scanner and high resolution digital panoramic photography with advanced software processing capabilities.
The Deep Underground Science and Engineering Lab (DUSEL) will provide for scientific studies in particle and nuclear physics, geology, hydrology, geo-engineering, biology, and biochemistry. In these underground copper mines, the Minca 18 carries miners quickly, safely and comfortably through the mine to their workplaces. The company meets the extensive and strict requirements of the international gold mining industry as a supplier of cyanides in accordance with the provisions of the "International Cyanide Management Code" (ICMC). This revolutionary range opens a new world of possibilities for the most sensitive applications. Plaid Cymru won 12 seats, including leader Leanne Wood who defeated Public Services Minister Leighton Andrews in her home constituency of Rhondda. Investing in housing creates jobs and training and apprenticeship opportunities, as well as regenerating communities and improving people’s lives.
Today’s rally will hear from some of the people who are affected by the housing crisis, and their stories are a familiar theme throughout Wales. A survey of Community Housing Cymru members[1] estimates that 82% of specified accommodation, such as these projects, would be over the LHA cap.
Community Housing Cymru members currently provide homes, to 6,440 tenants in this age group, with a further 1,571 living in local authority accommodation. A recent report by Homeless Link highlights that the average length of stay amongst young homeless people has increased by 8.5 months to 16 months. Please commit to bringing staff members and tenants with you to the rally, and invite all your local contacts.
Ideally, intramuscular injections should be given deep within the muscle and away from major nerves and blood vessels.
Now is an excellent time for businesses and municipalities to consider converting to LED lighting and reap these benefits. However, DOE's program is intended to drive aggressive cost reduction, and the current rate of cost decline in LED lighting systems is about 20 percent a year.
China and Pakistan have kept their economic relationship at the core of their relations and aim to forge an even stronger trade and economic partnership. The Chinese achievement in successfully tapping the demographic dividend of its huge population is an example of how a country's human resources can be leveraged as a factor of development. When her brother beats somebody up and has to pay compensation to his victim, she is the one that has to fork up the cash. Second, the authorities rarely called on to intervene because it is believed they are not capable enough to deal with domestic issues.
And a divorce would deprive the UK of influence over future EU reforms - notably, the completion of the single market in services - from which it would benefit. Moreover, any agreement on a new economic relationship with the UK would require unanimity among the EU's 27 remaining members.
The foreign investors financing Britain's current-account deficit - which hit 7 percent of its GDP in the final quarter of last year - might drive up the risk premium on UK assets or, worse, pull out. The US also has a trade deficit with the EU, yet it doesn't get to dictate terms in the negotiations over the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.
Past experience shows that rather than lecturing posters, motivating aspirations of personal elegance often proves most successful. Therefore, promoting a better toilet culture will not only boost more in-bound tourists, it will also be welcome by the host countries receiving out-bound Chinese tourists. App-based taxi services such as Uber (globally) and Didi Chuxing in China have created significant competition for the traditional taxi companies (licensed and with fare meters in their cabs). However, the monopolies created by the old rules led to higher prices and app-based taxi services have emerged to break these monopolies. As an illustration of their impact, Didi Chuxing announced in March that it had hit 10 million ride hails per day in China.
A combination of due diligence by the app providers and government regulatory activity is needed as the industry grows. Sometimes science advances at the cost of human lives, but that does not mean sacrificing patients in pursuit of glory. To find a body donor and successfully get the donated body will be a great deal harder than finding an organ donor and successfully getting the donated organ. The same applies to head transplants and it might take a much longer time for the public to accept them than for the doctors to succeed in doing one. This has resulted in domestic companies having the confidence to engage in an increasing number of M&As overseas. Yet such a response should not obscure the fact that floods threaten people's lives and bring huge economic losses. Using a far infrared sauna can help strengthen the bodya€™s immune system by stimulating increased production of white blood cells by the bone marrow and killer T-cells by the thymus.A 2.
60 employees worldwide, production sites in Europe and sales and distribution offices on all continents provide customers swift and reliable service. Increased customer flexibility, reduced operating costs and improved ease of use are the most significant achievements. The Welsh Conservatives won 11 seats with leader Andrew RT Davies re-elected on the South Wales Central list. Investment in housing creates a ripple effect in the local and national economy, and the housing sector provides a crucial economic stimulus to Wales. Home is central to all things that lead to great well-being and active participation in the community and society.
Shelter Cymru figures have shown that 92% of these tenants would lose out if they signed their tenancy under the upcoming proposals. There is a need for large-scale longitudinal data on treatment utilization and outcomes, stress, emotion, and pain. And the UK would also have to renegotiate - from scratch - the 50-plus trade deals that the EU has with other countries. When a toilet respects the users, the chances of reciprocal respect from the user are also higher. Far infrared rays improve blood circulation, stimulate endorphins, lower lactic acid, kill certain bacteria and parasites, and burn calories.
What if you have an address in Chinese written on a piece of paper, you cannot give that address over the phone when using an app? The root or first chakra rotates at the slowest speed, the crown or seventh and highest chakra at the highest speed.
Proponents of hyperthermia, also known as fever therapy, maintain that using far infrared energy to therapeutically induce higher body temperatures helps fight infections and even cancer. Randomized long-term trial of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type-1 diabetes. Their argument is supported by the human body itself, which radiates infrared energy for the benefits of warmth and tissue repair.A 3. The chakra colors are of the rainbow: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.
This is the heat you feel penetrate your skin when you stand in the sun and miss when you walk into the shade. Patients are recruited from web sites for patient advocacy and health enhancement programs. Therefore this long-term study was undertaken to assess the efficacy, safety and acceptability of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type 1 diabetic patients.
When people do not receive adequate amounts of far infrared heat, they often can become ill or depressed.A 4. Methods: In this 2-year randomized clinical parallel design study, 24 patients with type 1 diabetes were enrolled and divided in 2 groups. Here is some information about each color and the chakra it can effect.Red Red is a vibrant color that stimulates the body. Group I (n=12) received usual care (ie, diet, exercise, and insulin), and group II (n=12) received 500 mL camel milk in addition to diet, exercise, and insulin.
Far infrared saunas are recognized by health practitioners worldwide as perhaps the most effective method of removing both chemical and heavy metal toxins from the body. Far infrared saunas are thought to be 7 times more effective at detoxifying heavy metals such as mercury, aluminium, and other environmental toxins than conventional heat or steam saunas. This color can be used therapeutically for energy conditions associated with low blood pressure, inactivity, and impotence. For many chronically ill patients as well as people who are well and wish to stay that way by reducing their toxic burden, the far infrared sauna is the detox method of choice.A 6. Bathing in a far infrared sauna in the early stages of a cold or flu has been known to stop the disease before symptoms occur.A 7. An imbalance in the solar plexus can manifest as fear, apprehension, introversion or power issues, which this color can help to balance. Far infrared heat can penetrate into the skin about an inch and a half to two inches deep and can have therapeutic benefits, such as helping to dissolve fat deposits under the skin. Since toxins may be stored in the fat, the deep penetrating heat of a far infrared sauna can help eliminate them, especially toxins such as heavy metals and acidic compounds.A 8. It can be used therapeutically for people with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis due to its vibrational link to calcium metabolism. The radiant heat of a far infrared sauna is efficient because it warms the sauna bather directly.
In addition to the metabolic system, the solar plexus affects the digestive system and is related to the eyes.OrangeA  Orange can stimulate the respiratory and nervous systems and bring joy, making it useful for depression or melancholy. The body absorbs as much as 93 percent of the heat, causing perspiration and producing a vast array of health benefits.A 9. It is associated with the sacral chakra, so it can benefit the kidneys and urinary systems.
Far infrared saunas can help clear cellulite, the gel-like lumps of fat, water and debris trapped in pockets beneath the skin. Previous studies have found that between 30% and 60% of pediatric neurology patients have used CAM at some point in their lives.
The sacral chakra is also related to the adrenal glands, so orange can help to balance adrenal depletion or exhaustion resulting from chronic stress or overwork.GreenA  Green is a color that can help bring balance to the body and help purify and cleanse.
European beauty specialists routinely incorporate daily far infrared sauna baths in programs to reduce cellulite.A 10. It is related to the heart chakra, so it can help with issues stemming from too much or too little self love or rejection.Turquoise Turquoise is associated with the throat chakra and is responsible for strengthening the immune system against disease.
Generally speaking, far infrared saunas are less expensive, easier to install, and require less maintenance than traditional saunas. They come in many sizes and are often quite portable, making them a great choice when limited space is available.A 11. Far infrared radiant heat provides all the healthy benefits of natural sunlight without any of the dangerous effects of solar radiation.A 12. It calms and strengthens the voice, and can help to improve verbal expression.Blue Blue is a very calming and sedating color. Far infrared saunas are more cleansing than conventional saunas because they are designed to generate more than two to three times the amount of perspiration. It can help to balance energy when there is high blood pressure, migraine, asthma, anxiety and skin irritation. Unlike in traditional saunas where temperatures range from 140 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit (60 to 105 degrees Celsius), the temperatures of far infrared saunas typically range from 100 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (38 to 60 degrees Celsius).A 14. Whereas, the effect of vitamin C on conventional photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumor cells has been documented, the mechanism of vitamin C induced increase in tumor cell response to PDT is unclear.
It is a protective color that helps to protect you during challenging times by strengthening intuition and insight.Purple Purple is associated with spirituality, being linked to the crown chakra. This allows a person to perspire faster and to tolerate a longer period of time inside the sauna.
Typical sessions in a far infrared sauna last 20 to 30 minutes and can be repeated to maximize the benefits.A 15.
The lower heat range of far infrared saunas is safer for people with cardiovascular risk factors or fragile health because lower temperatures dona€™t dramatically elevate heart rate and blood pressure.A 16. In this report we demonstrate the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 significantly increases its apoptotic activity in tumor cells.
Far infrared saunas have been used to treat sprains, bursitis, rheumatism, muscle spasms, neuralgia and hemorrhoids. Interestingly, we observed that the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 only and not its addition to a prior photo-exposed mixture to MC540 is critical for its enhanced sensitivity. The effects of toxin, chemical and pesticide poisoning can be greatly reduced by the far infrared saunaa€™s detoxification action. These findings provide impetus to the approach in developing ROS generating small molecule compounds with potent apoptosis inducing activity. People who work with chemicals, as well as home gardeners who frequently use fertilizers and pesticides, are advised to use far infrared saunas on a regular basis.A 18.
These data could have implications in the use of vitamin C in photo-sensitizer-mediated reactions with the view to favorably tailoring the cancer cell milieu for efficient apoptotic execution. Far infrared radiant heat is a form of naturally occurring energy that heats objects by direct light conversion. Direct light conversion warms only the object and does not raise the temperature of the surrounding free air.A 19. Many patients are still not discussing their CAM use with their doctors and are using CAM alongside their conventional medicines, thereby increasing the likelihood for potential interactions. One limitation of this study is that our ability to determine between-site differences is limited by the difference in sample size.
Electrodermal measures as clinical markers: Jing-point electrical impedance in adolescent women with chronic pelvic pain. Far infrared sauna use can help promote rebuilding of injured tissue by having a positive effect on the fibroblasts, the connective tissue cells necessary for the repair of injury. It also can help increase growth of cells, DNA syntheses, and protein synthesis, all of which is necessary during tissue repair and regeneration.A 21. In the electromagnetic spectrum, far infrared wavelengths measure between 5.6 and 1,000 microns.
Consequently, skin electrical measures at Jing points are commonly obtained and interpreted for diagnostic purposes. Denise Adams, University of Alberta, 1047 RTF Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E1, Canada. Wavelengths of between 6 and 14 microns are believed to be the most beneficial to humans and other living things on Earth.A  The human palm emits far infrared wavelengths of between 8 and 12 microns. The objective of this study is to determine whether electrodermal measures at Jing-points are associated with clinical outcomes in adolescents with chronic pelvic pain in a randomized, sham-controlled acupuncture trial. The energy output from far infrared saunas so closely match the human bodya€™s radiant energy that nearly 93 percent of the saunaa€™s far infrared waves reach the skin.A 22.
Methods: We recruited 18 adolescent women aged 13 to 22 years of age suffering from chronic pelvic pain and laparoscopically diagnosed with Stage I-III endometriosis. Far infrared sauna therapy has helped people with cardiovascular conditions such as congestive heart failure and angina. It enhances endothelial nitric oxide, lowering blood pressure and improving cardiovascular function.A 23. The radiant heat of far infrared saunas has been shown to be especially beneficial to people with sports injuries, fibromyalgia, arthritis, and other chronic pain conditions.A 24.
Using a Hibiki-7 device, normalized electrical impedance values were obtained at all 24 Jing-points for each treatment session. Phase II: CAM research networks in Canada and the US will notify CAM providers of this study, so they may alert patients.
Left-right asymmetry and measures for statistical dispersion (standard deviation and Gini coefficient) of Jing-point impedance values were calculated.
Parents or legal guardians may self-identify and reply on behalf of patients under 18 year of age if they meet the criteria for Phase I.
With a generalized estimating equation method, we evaluated the association between the electrodermal-derived measures and clinical outcomes while accounting for treatment designation and time.
There are some definite advantages to using far infrared sauna thermal heaters, such as no high heat claustrophobic reaction and better air circulation.
Far infrared heaters heat the body, not the air, so a bather is more comfortable and cooler.
Phase III: The methods for phase II were utilized but CAM associations and training organizations were substituted for CAM research networks.
Far infrared saunas require 90 percent less electrical energy than conventional saunas, and no plumbing is required for a far infrared sauna.A 26. The majority of the cases involved the use of Traditional Chinese Medicine to improve quality of life. A 20 to 30-minute session in a far infrared sauna has been touted to burn as many calories as a six-mile run.A 27. Far infrared saunas are now used in health facilities for a range of health problems such as menopause, ulcers, insomnia, asthma, bronchitis, ear infections, and allergies.A 28.
Preliminary analyses indicate that, over time, subjects in the active acupuncture arm were more likely to have reduced left-right asymmetry and statistical dispersion of Jing-point measures compared to subjects in the sham-control arm.
You dona€™t have to worry about setting the sauna up on a waterproof floor or near plumbing, and you dona€™t have to worry about mildew.A 29.
Unlike a traditional sauna, which requires a closed atmosphere to maintain heat levels required for therapeutic results, a far infrared sauna can be used with its door or window completely open if far infrared penetration is the only objective.A 30.
Further analyses with multivariable models will be performed to assess whether this difference is statistically significant for each electrodermal measure. This is very similar to the meridian system used in acupuncture and shiatsu therapies.A The 7 major chakras act as receivers and transmitters for subtle energies. Far infrared saunas benefit all your organs of elimination, from your lungs to your liver to your kidneys to your skin.A 31.
Infrared light lies between the visible and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Infrared light has a range of wavelengths, just like visible light has wavelengths that range from red light to violet. When there is imbalance it can manifest in many various ways, with a general feeling of a€?something being off.a€? When the chakra is cleared and functional, it can perform its work completely, process energy, bring energy to the physical organs and subtle bodies and remove used stale or stagnant energy from the system. Near infrared light is closest in wavelength to visible light, and far infrared light is closer to the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Chakras may become dysfunctional when they are congested with fear, stress, stale or stagnant energy.
A far infrared sauna is usually warm within 10 or 15 minutes, whereas a conventional sauna can take more than an hour to reach optimal temperatures.A 33. The chiropractic care of children with otitis media: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation and meta-synthesis.
Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 N Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063.
Another option, although quite costly, is to use far infrared bulbs, which can provide warming and stimulating color therapy.A 34. Unexpressed emotions can cause the chakras to be overcharged, leading to their closing or blockage.When chakras are closed, energy cannot be transformed and released to the physical body. In addition to hemlock, wood choices for far infrared sauna construction include basswood, birch, oak, poplar, spruce and western red cedar. If energy is not flowing freely through energetic centers, physical problems may develop in specific areas and discomfort or illness can occur.When a chakra is blocked it needs healing by scanning and removing the barrier.
When a wood type is stated to be hypoallergenic, it means that the wood contains minimal allergens and is therefore less likely to cause an allergic reaction. Key words were otitis media and related words (ie, acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, ear infections, etc) AND chiropractic. Because the chakras work together as a system, a block in the functioning of one chakra may affect the activity of another.A Chakra clearing helps transform harmful emotional energy like anger, grief, and guilt into positive energy. Healthy chakras can enhance your general emotional and physical well-being and can be achieved by energy that is in a constant smooth flow, refreshed and vitalized.Imagine the chakras as a kind of a€?filtration systema€? that purifies energy from the dense, physical plane thata€™s associated with our primal instincts and animal nature, into the highly refined spiritual plane that connects with the source of life itself.
A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with a meta-synthesis of the literature with a focus on chiropractic management and the application of a whole systems research (WSR) evaluation. When far infrared heat penetrates a bathera€™s body, he or she can experience a refreshed mind, relaxed mood, reduction of aches and pains, improved metabolism, and systemic regularity leading to an overall feeling of wellness.A 37.
Results: Our systematic review revealed 20 articles consisting of 6 case reports, 5 case series, 1 retrospective cohort, 2 prospective cohorts, 2 reviews of the literature, 2 commentaries, 1 survey study and 1 prospective, parallel-group, observer-blinded, randomized feasibility study. Due to the lack of higher-level research design, a meta-analysis of the literature was not possible. Hemlock is a very strong wood that is quite able to withstand the heat of a far infrared sauna.
It is also abundantly available, which means the end cost to the consumer is less than it might be for another wood type.A 38.
This included the use of otoscopy and tympanogram to provide objective pretreatment and comparative outcome measures. Far infrared radiation is believed to be the only antidote to excessive ultraviolet radiation.A 39. Eighty-nine percent of respondents reported treating pediatric patients; patients under the age of 17 made up 12% of chiropractic and 20% of both naturopathic and osteopathic patients. Activator, Gonstead, Toftness, Chiropractic Biophysics, and Diversified Techniques were utilized with an emphasis on the upper cervical spine (the C1 or C2 vertebral bodies). Certain alternative healing practices such as palm healing, a practice with some 3,000 years of tradition behind it in China, rely on the human bodya€™s ability to emit far infrared radiant energy.A 40.
Approximately two-thirds of both osteopaths and naturopaths disagree or strongly disagree that immunizations are safe compared to one-third of chiropractors. One paper described utilization of cranial technique, 2 papers described a dietary intervention, and 2 papers utilized soft-tissue massage to augment spinal manipulative therapy.
Fifteen studies were amenable to the WSR evaluation resulting in a score of 7.06 from a maximum of 11. The immunizations of most concern to the 3 professions included MMR, varicella, influenza, DPTP, and hepatitis. The most common reasons for concern were related to safety, including that vaccines may contain dangerous ingredients, may produce side effects, and may be linked to future problems such as neurological damage.
Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the need for more higher-level research designs in addition to incorporating new methodologies (ie, whole systems research) reflective of the holistic and vitalistic clinical and theoretical framework of chiropractic.
The chiropractic care of children with enuresis: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation. And weight gain, muscle loss, decreased libido, wrinkles in our skin, and a growing number of aches and pains are probably other distressing concerns.A Some people try to defy nature by undergoing cosmetic surgery, utilizing every a€?anti-aginga€? skin care product available, taking stress management or meditation courses, or relocating to less polluted areas.


Significantly more naturopaths advised parents against vaccinations (27%), compared to 10% of chiropractors, and 12% of osteopaths (P=.0002).
Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 North Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063.
These actions may have merits worthy of consideration, but the fact remains that no one, no matter how determined he or she may be, can slow down the passage of time. There was no significant difference between groups for those advising parents in favor of vaccinations (15% C, 14% N, 6% O) (P=.1143).
We start aging even before we are born, and the process does not stop until the day we die.A While our efforts may not influence time itself, they can, however, affect how our bodies respond to and endure it. Qualified health professionals agree, for example, that regular exercise and good nutrition can have a long-term positive impact on a persona€™s quality of life. Key words were enuresis, nocturnal enuresis, bedwetting as well as related words AND chiropractic.
As well, avoiding the dangerous ultraviolet rays of the sun is universally regarded as an effective way to help maintain healthy, youthful skin. And leta€™s not forget how quitting smoking has been shown to improve respiratory health and reduce the risk of cancer in many vital bodily organs. A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with an evaluation using WSR evaluation. A One activity that has been proven to be of great benefit to the lungs, heart, skin and other organs is far infrared sauna bathing.
Results: Our systematic review revealed 7 articles meeting the eligibility criteria for review. The rays from a far infrared sauna can help improve cardiovascular functioning, strengthen the bodya€™s immune system, reduce fat and cellulite, revitalize skin cells, improve muscle tone and strength, improve nutrition and production of brain chemicals, and much more.A Far infrared sauna bathing also helps to flush toxic chemicals, heavy metals and other destructive agents from our bodies. Four of the 7 papers involve case reports describing the care of children aged 8 to 14 years with primary complaints of nocturnal enuresis. Exposure to this highly toxic substance can reportedly increase blood pressure and cause fertility problems, nerve disorders, muscle and joint pain, and memory or concentration difficulties.
Spinal manipulative therapy involved the use of Toggle recoil, Sacro-Occipital Technique, Activator Methods, Gonstead Technique, and Diversified Technique to address primarily segmental dysfunctions in the lumbosacral spine.
Researchers have also linked lead exposure to Alzheimera€™s disease, a debilitating condition akin to dementia that most people associate with aging.A Various sources likewise suggest a connection between Alzheimera€™s disease and mercury, the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth.
We conducted a systematic review to assess the nature and severity of adverse events associated with pediatric acupuncture.
A large prospective cohort study (N=171) demonstrated improvement in wet nights per week from baseline following 2 weeks of care. In a randomized clinical trial, within-group comparison of pretreatment and comparative rates of enuresis subjects demonstrated an improvement.
However, the study was fraught with research design issues such as randomization and biostatistics.
By definition, red is the color with the longest wavelengths of visible light, and violet is the color with the shortest wavelengths of visible light. Six of the 7 studies were amenable to WSR evaluation and resulted in a scoring of 7.33 from a maximum possible score of 11 points. Among the types of invisible light or electromagnetic radiation that reside outside of the optical spectrum are infrared radiation (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. One reviewer screened all articles, while the second reviewed all excluded articles to ensure that no article was inappropriately excluded. Translated from Latin, a€?infraa€? and a€?ultraa€? mean a€?belowa€? and a€?beyond,a€? respectively, so infrared radiation, or infrared light, is literally a€?below red,a€? and ultraviolet light is a€?beyond violet.a€?The German-born astronomer William Herschel discovered infrared light while living in England in 1800, about 20 years after his historic first sighting of the planet Uranus.
Full articles of potentially relevant references were retrieved and assessed by two independent reviewers. Measuring the heat from the optical spectrum, Herschel observed that the temperature in the colors increased as he went from violet to red. The use of Whole Systems Research provides promise in contributing to evidence-based practice and reflects the holistic and vitalistic chiropractic approach to patient care.
He also noticed that the temperature continued to increase beyond the color red, into a region of invisible light that Herschel named a€?infrared.a€?Infrared light is divided into three distinct segments with precise ranges of wavelength measured by microns.
Results: Seven thousand, two hundred sixty-two potentially relevant articles were identified. Far infrared light is sometimes called thermal radiation or thermal light, and its wavelengths measure between 5.6 and 1,000 microns. Eleven of these studies included adults as the majority of patients; for these studies the age of the patient experiencing the adverse event was never reported. The light or energy from sunlight and fire that we perceive as heat is far infrared.The far infrared radiation (FIR) emitted by the sun should not be confused with its deleterious ultraviolet radiation. Most of the adverse events that have been identified in children were mild and included pain, bruising, and worsening of symptoms. The few adverse events rated as moderate or serious included one pneumothorax, 2 infections, and 2 cases of complications from needles left in the body. Methods: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Life University (Atlanta, Georgia).
Chief among the consumer products utilizing the technology is the far infrared sauna or heat therapy room. A 26-item questionnaire was sent to 9000 subscribers of an online newsletter from Midwifery Today Magazine. A key attribute of far infrared light is its ability to heat an object directly without elevating the temperature of the air surrounding the object.
This is called direct light conversion.A Direct light conversion is perhaps best demonstrated when youa€™re outside on a summer day and a big cloud moves in front of the sun. The first domain identified demographics (midwife credentials, age, years in practice, and place of practice). In the shade, you dona€™t feel as warm as when you were basking in the direct path of the suna€™s energy. The second domain queried participants regarding their formal and postgraduate training on the subject of chiropractic. The third domain attempted to identify their experience (ie, positive or negative experience) with chiropractic personally and professionally as it pertains to pregnancy and infant care.
Yet, by positioning itself between you and the sun, the cloud has blocked the suna€™s far infrared rays from reaching you. The fourth domain asked their opinion about the safety of chiropractic care for pregnant and pediatric patients. Thata€™s the reason you feel cooler even though the temperature of the air around you has not changed.A The value of far infrared light to human health and wellness must not be underestimated. The fifth domain surveyed their knowledge regarding the scope of practice of chiropractic for pregnant and pediatric patients.
Penetrating as deeply as three inches into our bodies, far infrared rays improve blood circulation, stimulate endorphins, destroy certain bacteria and parasites, lower lactic acid, and burn calories.Advocates of hyperthermia, also known as fever therapy, contend that employing such deep-penetrating far infrared energy to therapeutically induce higher body temperatures helps combat infections and even cancer.
Their assertion is supported by the human body itself, which emits infrared energy for purposes of warmth and tissue repair.A Saunas have long been a tried, tested and true source of health benefits. The respondent ranged in age from 41 to 50 years with practice experience ranging from 6 to 10 years. For centuries, traditional saunas have helped to improve cardiovascular function, promote body detoxification, maintain general health, and foster greater relaxation in sauna bathers around the world. With respect to their training on chiropractic, 31% (n=57) reported receiving formal education (ie, during midwifery education) on the subject of chiropractic. For many sauna enthusiasts, the traditional hot sauna a€“ the Finnish sauna a€“ remains the preferred route to renewed health and a rejuvenated spirit.A Sometimes called radiant heat saunas, soft heat saunas or heat therapy rooms, far infrared saunas offer most of the same benefits that traditional Finnish saunas do, but they do so at lower, more tolerable temperatures. Fifty-five of the 157 who did not indicated receiving some education on chiropractic through continuing education seminars.
While the air temperature in a typical Finnish sauna bath ranges from 170 to 200 degrees Fahrenheit (77 to 93 degrees Celsius), such temperatures arena€™t required in a far infrared sauna to induce optimal bather perspiration.A By penetrating the bathera€™s body and effecting a deep, satisfying heat of just 100 to 130 degrees Fahrenheit (38 to 55 degrees Celsius), the far infrared rays can create an enjoyably cleansing, detoxifying and revitalizing experience for the bather. With respect to the midwife responders’ experience with chiropractic, 95% (n=176) admitted to making a professional referral to a chiropractor with 73% (n=137) having referred an infant to a chiropractor.
In fact, many sources claim that the volume of sweat produced during a far infrared sauna bath can be as much as three times greater than in a Finnish sauna bath. The higher volume of sweat means a faster, more thorough, and thus more beneficial flushing of toxic chemicals and harmful heavy metals from the body.A Far infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth. Ninety-two percent (n=171) reported being chiropractic patients with another 58% (n=124) presenting their child for chiropractic care. Over 90% indicated experiencing a positive experience as patients and with their child’s care. And now, with far infrared heat therapy rooms and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are wisely taking action to benefit from those rays and improve the quality of our own lives.A Benefits of Far Infrared Sauna UseThere are many benefits to be derived from proper and regular use of a far infrared sauna.
All of the respondents perceived chiropractic was safe for pregnant patients, while only 97% considered chiropractic safe for children. An overwhelming majority of the responders (98%) indicated that chiropractors work with birth professionals, while 92% indicated that they were knowledgeable about the role of chiropractic in prenatal care.
Lastly, 75% indicated interest in learning more about chiropractic, with 86% wanting more evidence-based practice chiropractic. From the 809 articles reviewed, 18 articles met the full inclusion criteria and proceeded to data extraction. Identified adverse events include local pain or soreness, swelling, mild fevers, and skin rashes. Thus far, the majority of adverse events reported have been mild with few moderate or serious adverse events occurring in pediatric patients. Total weight and body composition changes in response to weight reduction diets of varied protein content in midlife women. Age-related changes in body composition for women include loss of lean mass and gains in total weight, fat mass and central fat deposition. There is growing evidence that diets with low-to-moderate carbohydrate and fat content and increased levels of high-quality protein are effective for weight loss. Greater subjective satiety is reported by subjects following test meals containing whey protein compared to other protein sources.
The beneficial effects of whey protein on satiety, thermogenesis, and lean body mass protection suggest that whey may be a preferred protein source for weight loss treatment. Far infrared sauna bathing can improve autonomic functions of the nervous system.Further Applications of Far Infrared EnergyFar infrared saunas are just one example of the application of infrared energy in contemporary society. Other uses of infrared energy have resulted in infrared hair dryers, infrared foot massagers, infrared pillows, infrared underwear, and even infrared leg wraps for horses. The specific aims of this study are to assess weight loss in subjects receiving energy-reduced dietary regimens and to evaluate parameters of weight and body mass change between the 3 treatment groups.
There are far infrared ray-emitting paints and wallpaper that combat mold as well as fast-cooking far infrared ovens that reportedly kill E.
Study Design: We are conducting a randomized, controlled pilot feeding study to evaluate the effect of different dietary protein sources on weight loss.
Far infrared rays are being utilized to purify polluted air, promote growth in plants, keep newborn babies warm in hospitals, treat injured athletes, and even encourage new hair growth.Far Infrared Is Essential to LifeFar infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth.
Endpoint measures include body weight and body composition data obtained at baseline and at 8 weeks for dietary treatment. And now, with far infrared saunas and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are astutely taking steps to benefit from those remarkable rays and improve the quality of our own lives. Similarly, you may not pay much attention to far infrared saunas, but these fantastic devices offer health benefits that you may not be able to afford to ignore any longer.A As time progresses, it seems that the world is becoming an increasingly dangerous place. The HP diet and the WP diet produced greater total fat loss and less total lean tissue loss than the CD. We live in an age of terrorist activities, nuclear weapons, dictatorships and religious fanaticism.
Costly international conflicts show no sign of abating, and just about everyone feels more insecure and vulnerable than they did a decade ago.
Conclusions: Preliminary data shows that across treatment groups, the high-protein diets conserved lean tissue and promoted reduction of fat tissue.
Even in our local neighborhoods, many of us worry about rising crime rates and growing threats to our personal safety.A And, as if those problems were not enough for us to worry about, many of us have major health issues with which we have no choice but to contend. Not helping matters are all the poisons and contaminants that have found their way into our environment and into our bodies. Fortunately, though, we are not powerless against these mighty and malicious microscopic menaces.
Trials investigating TCM must be conducted with increased methodological rigor to be of value in evaluations. In fact, we can start doing something about them right now - we can start fighting back with far infrared sauna detoxification therapy.A Far infrared saunas are revered by scientists and health professionals around the world for their ability to help flush out many of the toxic chemicals, heavy metals and other destructive agents that have accumulated deep within the bloodstream, skin and other vital organs of people from all walks of life. The single included study suggesting that acupuncture may be safe and efficacious in CFS is limited in applicability by the use of sham acupuncture as the control. For individuals affected by mercury toxicity, lead poisoning, and other life-threatening exposures, the far infrared sauna is often viewed as an essential component of detoxification therapy.A If you think that only people in high-risk occupations qualify for far infrared sauna detoxification therapy, youa€™re wrong. Exogenous toxins, which can be absorbed through the skin, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract, are those not produced by the body itself, and examples include mercury, lead, zinc and cadmium. Integration and interface between naturopaths and conventional rural care: empirical findings from a grass-roots research project.
The worsening epidemic of DM in the United States, along with the increasing prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, and IGT, render the identification of promising interventions for these states a matter of some urgency.
Jon Adams, University of Queensland, School of Population Health ,University of Qld, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia. While lifestyle interventions based on dietary pattern and physical activity can delay or prevent the onset of diabetes and reduce cardiovascular risk, adherence at the population level is severely limiting.
Pharmacotherapy offers promise for diabetes prevention, but with associated high costs, unacceptability to many patients, and potential toxicity. In this context, the potential role of chromium (Cr), an insulin cofactor, in IGT is of great interest. Sylver writes that a€?this category consists of waste produced by the body in the course of normal metabolic functioning and also pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) and the waste they excrete.
Proposed, therefore, is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial conducted at the Yale Prevention Research Center to investigate the effects of daily Cr for 6 months at 2 dose levels on serum measures of glucose tolerance and on endothelial function in adults with IGT, IFG, and IR. The study is powered to detect a clinically meaningful effect of Cr supplementation at either dose on glucose control, and to compare the two doses for equivalence.
Also known as chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS), CFS was once commonly referred to as the a€?yuppie flua€? after about 200 people, most of whom were white, wealthy, young females, come down with a strange illness in 1984. The study will investigate effects of Cr on both measures of glucose tolerance (glucose, insulin, OGTT) and brachial artery endothelial function, thus combining serum measures with a physiologic test of Cr effects on the vasculature.
The proposed study will generate much needed data regarding the efficacy of Cr in those at risk for type 2 diabetes and offers the promise of guiding practice, as well as directing future study. By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the United States today. Risk to human subjects in this study is a minor increment over minimal due to the administration of nitroglycerin as a control in BARS testing. National Institutes of Health claim that, for some people, chronic fatigue syndrome can first appear after a cold, bronchitis, hepatitis or an intestinal bug; for others, it can follow a bout of glandular fever. CDC and CFIDS Association of America announced in 2001 that stress may exacerbate but most likely does not cause the disorder.A On the polemical subject of CFS prevalence, Dr. Buist asserts that toxins can impede muscle metabolism, causing the pain and fatigability of muscles felt by many fatigued people.A Addressing the Well Mind Association in Seattle, WA, Dr. The affected persona€™s detoxification system is clogged up or destroyed, they get a backlog of chemicals, and their immune system goes down.a€?A Dr.
Edelson and Deborah Mitchell, authors of What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Autoimmune Disorders, put it like this: a€?The hallmark of CFIDS is overwhelming, persistent, incapacitating fatigue that leaves those afflicted unable to carry on their normal physical functions.
Schmidt writes, a€?Researchers at Uppsala University Medical School in Sweden reported that patients with chronic fatigue contain abnormal levels of mercury within their cells. Secondary outcomes: (4) It will show improved well-being, as measured by elevated melatonin and DHEA. Of patients with chronic fatigue, 45 percent showed mercury hypersensitivity and 49 percent showed lead hypersensitivity. When the metal burden was removed from the body (in many cases, by removing mercury-containing silver dental fillings), 77 percent of patients reported improved health.a€?A If these conclusions are correct, how can sufferers retaliate after the damage of toxic build-up has manifested itself as chronic fatigue syndrome?
Lyon recommend far infrared sauna therapy.A a€?For the chronic fatigue patient, a consistent program of infrared sauna therapy will assist the problem of autonomic dysregulation, which is common to the condition,a€? states Dr.
These symptoms are reduced, as regular sauna therapy induces normal autonomic functioning.A a€?Through extensive research, it has been shown that saunas greatly assist in the elimination of accumulated toxins,a€? Lyon adds. It has become well known that people who take regular saunas (2-3 per week) reduce their incidence of colds and influenza by over 65% (a study by the British Medical Association). While many people use saunas primarily for relaxation and stress reduction, the other health benefits are increasing the popularity of saunas.
Unlike many relaxation therapies, energy healing requires no participation by the patient, a feature that makes it particularly attractive in the hospital setting, where patients are often anxious, depressed, in pain, or sedated.
Despite the increasing use of energy healing, few studies have looked at its benefits and even fewer at its underlying mechanisms of action. In this pilot study, we examined the effects of an energy healing modality known as Reiki on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, both of which participate in the stress response and stress-induced pain and disease progression. An often agonizing muscle disorder in which the thin film or tissue holding muscle together becomes thickened or tightened, fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal aches, pains and stiffness, soft tissue tenderness, mild to incapacitating fatigue, and disturbed sleep.A The pain of fibromyalgia is typically felt in the neck, back, shoulders and hands, but it is not exclusive to those areas. Based on criteria set in 1990 by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), a diagnosis of fibromyalgia requires a patient to have experienced widespread pain for a minimum of three months in 11 of 18 tender muscle sites.
Among those 18 sites are the hips, knees and rib cage.A Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include allergies, anxiety, carpal tunnel syndrome, depression, dizziness, headaches, irritable bowel symptoms, numbness, and tender skin. Subjects rested for 10 min before baseline heart rate and blood pressure were measured and blood was drawn to determine cortisol, ACTH, and DHEA levels, using commercial immunoassay kits. Subjects then received a 30- to 45-min Reiki or Pretend Reiki session followed immediately by post-session heart rate and blood pressure measurements and at 2h by blood draws. Most sufferers of fibromyalgia are women of childbearing age, but it has also been known to strike men, children and the elderly.As for what causes fibromyalgia, many theories exist. The Alternative Medicine Guide to Chronic Fatigue, Fibromyalgia and Environmental Illness states that a€?post-traumatic fibromyalgia is believed to develop after a fall, whiplash or back strain, whereas primary fibromyalgia has an uncertain origin.a€? However, in her book Detoxify or Die, Dr. Nenah Sylver extols the sauna for its ability to increase cardiovascular activity and white blood cell, enzyme, and norepinephrine, beta-endorphin and possibly thyroxin production.
As they, in turn, help to enhance circulation, increase waste removal and nutrient absorption, raise metabolism, and promote the elimination of toxins, foreign proteins and microbes, Dr. Sylver deems the aforementioned benefits of proper sauna use crucial in helping people with fibromyalgia. She notes a€?there are actually very few health problems that cannot be helped (or would become worse) with sauna therapya€? but advises patients nevertheless to consult with their health providers before beginning sauna therapy.A Dr. When asked whether they thought they were in the Reiki or Pretend Reiki group, about 70% of the participants reported that they believed that they had received a true Reiki session. Rogers and other health professionals insist that the far infrared sauna, radiant heat sauna or heat therapy room is of greater benefit to fibromyalgia sufferers than the traditional hot Finnish sauna because of a fundamental difference between the two styles of sauna. This suggests that the beneficial effects of Reiki on physiology, as compared to the Pretend Reiki, cannot be explained solely by the placebo effect.
Rogers calls the far infrared sauna a€?infinitely more tolerable,a€? particularly for people with fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome or multiple sclerosis, because it can function effectively at a much lower temperature than a conventional Finnish sauna.A a€?Ia€™m convinced that the far infrared sauna is something that everyone should do to restore health,a€? declares Dr.
That such an effective detoxification tool exists should be welcome news to anyone suffering the ill effects of excessive lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic or aluminium in his or her body. Issac Amponsah, Faculty of Pharmacy Kwame Nkrumah University of SC, Knust, Kumasi, 233, Ghana. A Not everyone may believe they have sufficient reason to worry about heavy metal and chemical toxicity, but many experts are urging the skeptics to think again. Lead is a highly toxic substance, exposure to which can produce a wide range of adverse health effects. In adults, lead can reportedly increase blood pressure and cause fertility problems, nerve disorders, muscle and joint pain, irritability, and memory or concentration problems. A Because their brains and central nervous systems are still being formed, young children under the age of six are especially vulnerable to leada€™s harmful health effects. National Safety Council (NSC), a€?Even very low levels of exposure can result in reduced IQ, learning disabilities, attention deficit disorders, behavioral problems, stunted growth, impaired hearing, and kidney damage.
Lead can also be found in automobile exhaust, pesticides, hair dye, ink, and some glazed dishware.Mercury, a ubiquitous environmental pollutant that can be found in tuna and swordfish, latex paint, dental amalgams, vaccines, cosmetics, contact lens solution, fabric softener and tap water, has also been classified by researchers as posing a grave threat to human health. Effects of ultra-low dilutions of sabal serrulata on human prostate cancer growth: mechanistic studies. In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that no level of mercury can be considered to be safe, as it is the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth.A In their book What Your Doctor May Not Be Telling You About Autoimmune Disorders, Dr. Hakima Amri, Georgetown University, Basic Science Bldg, 3900 Reservoir Rd NW, Washington, DC 20007.
Like so many other heavy metals, cadmium can be found in air, water, soil and food.A Noting that the highest contributor to cadmium toxicity is cigarette smoke, the Center for Environmental and Integrative Medicine (CEIM) in Knoxville, TN, states that a€?cadmium can weaken the immune system and allow bacteria, viruses, yeast and parasites to proliferate. Cadmium may also promote skeletal demineralization and increase bone fragility and fracture risk.
Department of Health and Human Servicesa€™ Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Finally, serum protein differential expression was carried out using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Eating food or drinking water with very high cadmium levels severely irritates the stomach, leading to vomiting and diarrhea, and sometimes death.
Breathing air with lower levels of cadmium, or eating lower levels of cadmium, over long periods of time can result in a build-up of cadmium in the kidneys. This has been seen mostly in workers exposed to arsenic at smelters, mines, and chemical factories, but also in residents living near smelters and arsenical chemical factories. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have all classified inorganic arsenic as a known human carcinogen.A Since arsenic is found naturally in the environment, humans risk exposure to it when they eat food, drink water, breathe air, or come in contact with contaminated soil or water. The same can be said for aluminium compounds.A People may also be exposing themselves to aluminium compounds when they ingest medicinal products like certain antacids, laxatives and buffered aspirin or have skin contact with aluminium metal, antiperspirants, or other substances that contain aluminium or aluminium compounds. Mercola asserts that aluminium has been linked to serious illnesses such as osteoporosis, extreme nervousness, anemia, headache, decreased liver and kidney function, speech disturbances, and memory loss. He also contends that people who have died from Alzheimera€™s disease have been found to have up to four times the average amount of aluminium accumulated in the braina€™s nerve cells.A Offering its view on the subject, the ATSDR states that exposure to aluminium is usually not harmful but notes that some people who have kidney disease store a lot of aluminium in their bodies. Effect of mind-body medicine skills on elements of emotional intelligence in medical students. In these children, the bone damage is caused by aluminium in the stomach preventing the absorption of phosphate, (which is) required for healthy bones.a€?Lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic and aluminium are just five of an intimidating number of toxins capable of severely compromising your health. Among the other heavy metals most often found at unacceptable levels in the body, according to Edelson and Mitchell, are nickel and tin.
Yet studies have reported that traits such as altruism and empathy tend to decline throughout medical school training.
Sherry Rogers writes, a€?The lungs, urine, stool and sweat are the main vehicles the body has for getting rid of nasty chemicals, but by far sweat is the most efficacious. In an effort to foster medical student self-awareness and mindfulness, which may improve their EI, Georgetown University School of Medicine (GUSOM) offers an experiential course to undergraduate medical students in mind-body medicine skills. And Mayo Clinic studies show that (utilizing) far infrared energy is the safest way to induce healing sweata€¦ Far infrared sauna technology is the only proven, most efficacious way of getting rid of stored environmental chemicals.a€?A A far infrared sauna has been cited as the best place to sweat because, whereas bathing in a conventional hot air sauna produces perspiration that is composed of approximately 97 percent water and three percent toxins, soaking in a far infrared sauna has been shown to produce sweat composed of about 80 percent water and 20 percent toxins. The purpose is to expose students to a variety of mind-body approaches including meditation, imagery, as well as group sharing and listening generously for self-awareness and reflection. As well, far infrared saunas can produce up to three times the sweat volume of a conventional hot air sauna while operating at a considerably cooler air temperature range of 110 to 130 degrees versus 180 to 235 degrees for hot air saunas.
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the Mind Body Medicine Skills (MBS) course on perceived stress, mindfulness, and elements of EI including intrapersonal capacities (attention to feelings, mood repair, clarity of feelings) and interpersonal capacities (perspective-taking, empathetic concern, and personal distress in response to distress in others). Ita€™s worthwhile to also note that, according to author and sauna historian Mikkel Aaland, a 15-minute far infrared sauna session can execute the same heavy metal excretion that would take the kidneys 24 working hours.
The intervention group (n=30) was comprised of first year medical students who self-selected to participate in this elective.
In other words, sweating in a far infrared sauna can be a very efficient method of detoxification.A Even though sweating is a natural function of the human body, many people do not perspire properly because their skin has been damaged or deactivated by, among other culprits, chemicals in bath water, lotions, soaps and deodorants. The control group (n=36) included students from the first year class who completed the surveys but did not take the MBS course. Fortunately for these people, far infrared sauna therapy can greatly help to restore the skina€™s eliminative powers. Four questionnaires were completed at the start and end of the spring semester by all study participants: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and a survey of EI developed by Stratton et al (2005) comprised of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index. Ita€™s just one more way far infrared saunas work to heal bodies compromised by harmful chemicals.A If you are concerned about how harmful chemicals and heavy metals can affect your health, consider the many benefits of owning a far infrared sauna. ANCOVA was used to compare the MBS and the control groups at the end of the semester, controlling for beginning scores.
Most people have a casual understanding of each of those three, but it is the mercury included in the periodic table of elements that demands greater public contemplation. For if contemporary society placed more of an emphasis on the pernicious effects of mercury exposure, perhaps fewer people would be victimized by related illnesses and diseases.A Mercury is the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has proclaimed that no level of mercury can be regarded as being safe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced in a 2001 study that one in every 10 American women of childbearing age is at risk for having a baby born with neurological problems due to mercury exposure.A There are three principal types of mercury, and each type presents a serious health hazard to humans.
The first type, elemental mercury, is a liquid that gives off mercury vapor at room temperature. Patient perspectives of integrative and primary care management of back and neck paina€”qualitative findings from a randomized clinical trial. Elemental mercury can also enter the bloodstream by permeating the skin.A Inorganic mercury compounds, the second type, can also be inhaled as well as pass through the skin. These conditions are additionally some of the most common reasons why patients use complementary therapies, often without dialogue with conventional care providers. Unlike elemental mercury, though, inorganic mercury compounds can also be absorbed through the stomach if swallowed. Elemental mercury, if swallowed, is not absorbed and usually exits the body without causing any harm. Many inorganic mercury compounds are irritating or corrosive to the skin, eyes and mucus membranes.A The third type of mercury, organic mercury compounds, can enter the body by way of all three routes a€“ lungs, skin and stomach. Exposure to any form of mercury on a repeated basis, or even a very high single dose, can lead to chronic mercury poisoning. According to the New Jersey State Department of Health, chronic mercury poisoning is characterized by three major symptoms:Gum problems. The focus groups were conducted separately for those in the integrative vs the conventional treatment groups. People with chronic mercury poisoning frequently experience wide mood swings, becoming irritable, frightened, excited or depressed very quickly for no apparent reason. The interview data were transcribed ad verbatim and analyzed utilizing inductive content analysis technique. Some people may become extremely upset at any criticism, lose all self-confidence, and become apathetic. Memory loss, hallucinations, and inability to concentrate can also occur.Nervous system impairment. The earliest and most frequent symptom of chronic mercury poisoning is a fine tremor of the hand.
A person with chronic mercury poisoning may also experience difficulty balancing and walking.A In What Your Doctor May Not Be Telling You About Autoimmune Disorders, authors Dr. Research has demonstrated that the bodya€™s tissues, especially in the brain, kidneys, jaw, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and liver, absorb and store mercury.a€?A With such research findings having caught the publica€™s attention, some people have begun insisting that their dentists use composite fillings, also known as a€?white fillings,a€? as a non-toxic alternative to amalgam fillings. As well, some dental patients are demanding that their existing amalgam fillings be removed and replaced with composite fillings.A In her book Detoxify or Die, Dr.
Rogers writes, a€?Autoimmune disease, heart disease, high cholesterol and triglycerides, chemical sensitivity, allergies, antibiotic-resistant infections, depression, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, leukemia and just about any symptom you can think of have improved once sufficient accumulated mercury was removed from the teeth and body.a€?Going a step further, Dr. Daniel Royal, member of the Nevada State Board of Homeopathic Medical Examiners, states, a€?While removal of amalgam fillings stops further poisoning from mercury fillings, you still need to detoxify the body to eliminate the residual effect from mercury that remains behind in the body. Eliane Angst, UCLA Center for Excellence in Pancreatic Diseases, 675 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095.
Royal calls the sauna a useful adjunct to safe mercury removal because it induces profuse sweating. One reason is that far infrared saunas, also known as radiant heat saunas or soft heat saunas, can effectively function at temperatures lower than those characteristic of traditional hot Finnish saunas. The findings of this study make a strong case that far infrared saunas are simply better detoxification devices than conventional hot saunas.A Before you begin a sauna detoxification program, or if you suspect that you suffer from mercury poisoning, you should discuss your plans or share your suspicions with a qualified health professional. And if you decide to purchase a far infrared sauna for any of its many therapeutic properties, be sure to research your choices thoroughly, as satisfied sauna buyers are typically well-informed sauna buyers.A Opening the Sauna Door to Better Healthby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa You may think of a home sauna as being little more than a luxury, an object that offers pleasure and comfort but is ultimately inessential to your well-being.
However, the results of decades of research may just convince you of what sauna enthusiasts have believed for centuries a€“ that regular sauna bathing offers significant, perhaps even life-saving, health benefits.A A chief objective of any sauna bath is to make you perspire, and perspiration is a natural, necessary function of the human body. Ita€™s a means by which the body can rid itself of extra heat and water and eliminate harmful toxins that have, over time, built up inside it. A significant reduction in cell numbers was seen with quercetin concentrations of ~30 AµM and a maximum effect at ~75 AµM. In MIA PaCa-2 cells a ~65% reduction in cell number was seen with 75 AµM of quercetin after 48 hours.
Included among these toxins are mercury, lead, cadmium and aluminium.A The health benefits of sauna bathing, however, go beyond aiding detoxification. Starved BxPC-3 cells treated with 75 AµM quercetin showed a ~95% reduction in cell number after 48 hours.
As your body increases sweat production to cool itself during a hot sauna bath, your heart increases blood circulation.
Conclusion: These results suggest that quercetin has a potent growth-inhibitory effect in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. Heart rate, cardiac output and metabolic rate all increase, while diastolic blood pressure decreases, helping to improve overall cardiovascular fitness.A Sauna bathing may also contribute to healthy weight loss. Additional experiments to investigate the underlying mechanism of growth inhibition and animal studies are underway.
A letter in a 1981 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association asserted that a€?a moderately conditioned person can easily a€?sweat offa€™ 500 grams in a sauna, consuming nearly 300 calories, the equivalent of running two to three miles.
Flovanoids may reveal to be potent anticancer drugs found in our daily food, leading to specific diet recommendations. A heat-conditioned person can easily sweat off 600 to 800 calories with no adverse effects. While the weight of the water lost can be regained by rehydration with water, the calories consumed will not be.a€?A Most irrefutable are the claims that regular sauna bathing helps to relieve stress and promote relaxation. It has been demonstrated time and time again that spending just a few minutes in a hot sauna bath can reduce anxiety levels, sooth nerves and warm tight muscles. Not only has sauna bathing been shown to encourage deeper, more restful sleep, far infrared sauna therapy has proved effective in alleviating pain associated with arthritis, backache, bursitis, fibromyalgia, headache, sprains, strains and other muscular and skeletal ailments.A a€?I am convinced that the far infrared sauna is something that everyone should do to restore health,a€? contends Dr. These can be taken together to qualify as an academic minor in many of the conventional MA or PhD programs, often forming the basis of a thesis or dissertation required for the terminal degree. And while the condition known as Raynauda€™s disease has perhaps not received as much attention as those previously mentioned, credible sources suggest that sauna bathing can benefit its sufferers as well.A Raynauda€™s disease is a condition that causes some areas of your body, such as your fingers, toes, ears, cheeks, tongue, and the tip of your nose, to feel numb and cool in response to cold temperatures or stress. Named after Maurice Raynaud, the French physician who first described it in 1862, it is a disorder of the blood vessels that supply blood to your skin. In the fall of 2009, the university will launch a doctorate of nursing practice with a focus in integrative health and healing. During a Raynauda€™s attack, these arteries narrow, limiting blood flow to affected areas.A Accurately discussing Raynauda€™s can be challenging for some people, as two types of it exist, and each type has two names. Georgetown University developed a concentration of CAM within its Masters in Physiology program in 2003.
What most laymen generically call Raynauda€™s disease could be either primary Raynauda€™s or secondary Raynauda€™s.A Primary Raynauda€™s, the most common form of the disorder, is what physicians and medical textbooks correctly refer to as Raynauda€™s disease.
Although anyone can develop the condition, primary Raynauda€™s mainly affects women between the ages of 15 and 40. Ita€™s also more common in people who live in colder climates.A Secondary Raynauda€™s, also known as Raynauda€™s phenomenon, is caused by an underlying problem like scleroderma, Sjogrena€™s syndrome (both connective tissue diseases), lupus (an autoimmune disease), rheumatoid arthritis (an inflammatory disease), hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), diseases of the arteries (such as atherosclerosis and Buergera€™s disease), carpal tunnel syndrome, nerve damage, or chemical exposure. As well, people in certain occupations, such as those who operate vibrating tools, may be more vulnerable to secondary Raynauda€™s.A Most typically, cold temperatures provoke Raynauda€™s attacks. Just taking an item out of your freezer, putting your hands in cold water, or exposing yourself to cold air could trigger one. For some people, however, cold is not even necessary; emotional stress is enough to instigate an episode.
We address the multicultural perspective, comparing data collected in Canada and Europe to those in the United States. In both cases, the body seems to exaggerate its natural response of trying to preserve its core temperature by slowing blood supply to its extremities. The reason for this is that results on the health-promoting effects of spirituality and religiosity cannot easily be transferred from the United States to countries with different cultural and religious backgrounds.
Thus, one has to recognize different concepts of spirituality, different attitudes towards its utilization, and objections against the implementation of it in a particular medical system. During an attack, which can last from less than a minute to several hours, affected areas of your skin usually first turn white. In Germany, 3 colleagues have founded the Transdisciplinary Working Group on Spirituality and Health, and in Canada the Canadian Research Network on Spirituality and Health has been active for a couple of years. Data and approaches from these different networks will be combined into this symposium.Dr BA?ssing is an associate professor at the University of Witten, Herdeckea€™s Faculty of Medicine, where he directs the research group Spirituality and Health. As your blood circulation improves, the affected areas may turn red, throb, tingle or swell. Raynauda€™s attacks may grow more severe over time.A If the condition becomes severe, blood circulation to your extremities could permanently diminish, resulting in deformities in affected areas like your fingers or toes.
The effect of a€?acupuncture for losing weighta€? on the level of blood sugar: a survey on the mechanism. Also, skin ulcers or gangrene could develop if an artery to an affected area becomes completely blocked.A Depending on the cause and severity of symptoms, treatment can take many forms. Hoda Azizi, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Beijing, Beijing, 100029, China. Medications may include alpha blockers, calcium channel blockers, or vasodilators, all of which help relax blood vessels. Material and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 66 patients were included in case and control groups.
For example, during a session in either type of sauna, the bathera€™s heart responds to the sauna heat by increasing blood flow and perspiration production to cool the bathera€™s body.
Blood sugar was examined just before inserting needles and immediately after withdrawal of needles. In this way, sauna bathing is a form of cardiovascular exercise.A Perspiring in a sauna, especially a far infrared sauna, also helps the body rid itself of harmful toxins that have built up over time.
With experts having already drawn the connection between nicotine, secondhand smoke and Raynauda€™s, this benefit is certainly noteworthy.A As anyone who has stepped into a sauna seeking relief from muscle aches, sports injuries or ailments such as arthritis or fibromyalgia should already know, sauna bathing also offers a proven way to alleviate pain. A clinical study conducted at Sunnybrook and Womena€™s College Health Science Centers at the University of Toronto confirmed that far infrared therapy can bring about significant improvements in both subjective measures of pain and discomfort associated with Raynauda€™s disease.A Lastly, sauna bathing fosters relaxation and stress relief. To those Raynauda€™s sufferers whose attacks are caused by emotional stress, as well as to the innumerable Raynauda€™s sufferers whose emotional stress is understandably caused by their attacks, this news is likely very welcome.A If you think you may be suffering from Raynauda€™s disease or Raynauda€™s phenomenon, be sure to discuss your concerns with a qualified health professional. Meanwhile, youa€™d be wise to investigate the many ways a home sauna, be it a traditional Finnish sauna or a far infrared sauna, can improve your health and happiness.A Insomnia and the Far Infrared Saunaby Pertti Olavi JalasjaaYoua€™ve wisely avoided sleeping pills, but it seems as if youa€™ve tried almost everything else to get a better nighta€™s sleep.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that the mechanism of acupuncture in losing weight is significantly related to making an increase in BS. John Balletto, Center for Muscular Therapy, Inc, 545 Pawtucket Avenue, Mailbox 304, Pawtucket, RI 02860-6046. The comforting heat of a sauna works to induce healthy perspiration, assist respiratory function, benefit blood pressure, stimulate endorphins, cleanse skin, and relieve sore, tired muscles. By raising your body temperature in a sauna bath right before bedtime, you compel it to normalize itself afterwards, and ita€™s this temperature readjustment following the sauna bath that helps to improve the quality of your sleep.A Of course, other effects of the heat bath can certainly contribute to improvements in your sleep. Regular sauna bathers routinely report that soaking in a hot sauna helps them rid their minds of the anxieties, frustrations and worries that may have been plaguing them prior to bathing. As with business startups that begin informally and successfully mature into larger enterprises, growth brings new organizational challenges, together with greater visibility and opportunity. And by helping to alleviate any existing physical pain like headaches, muscle strain or joint stiffness, a sauna bath can effectively disarm many of the aggravations that might have impeded truly restful sleep.A Home saunas are available in many styles and sizes. The maturation of massage as a healthcare profession increases the need for a process to formalize the synthesis of massage therapy knowledge from clinical experience and research—to collect what we know and to make such baseline knowledge widely available to practitioners, consumers, and other healthcare stakeholders. Around the globe, doctors, researchers and other professionals have discovered the tremendous value of using sauna heat to help increase the human bodya€™s white blood cell count, stimulate its immune system, facilitate detoxification, and produce a state of general relaxation that is vital to the healing process.A In many countries, experts continue to research the therapeutic properties of the sauna. The present paper lays out the motivations and framework for creating massage therapy guidelines that are informed both by research and by clinical experience. It also acts as a report to the massage therapy profession and to other stakeholders about the work of the Best Practices Committee of the Massage Therapy Foundation since 2006. Chuwa Tei, professor of medicine and chair of the department of internal medicine at Japana€™s Kagoshima University, and his colleagues have demonstrated saunasa€™ usefulness in treating heart patients.A In one study, Tei and his colleagues compared 25 men with at least one risk factor for heart disease, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or smoking, with a group of 10 healthy men. And it has the additional goal of providing a healthcare literature basis for future academic discussions of massage. Each study participant spent 15 minutes in a 140-degree Fahrenheit (60-degree Celsius) dry sauna, followed by 30 minutes in a bed covered with blankets, once a day for two weeks. The discussion here is based on a definition from the Institute of Medicine and on research into the nature of expertise. The researchers then measured how well the participantsa€™ blood vessels expanded and contracted, a sign of the health of the vessels.
The researchers also found that the sauna therapy lowered participantsa€™ blood pressure slightly. The results of the study should be encouraging to anyone concerned about blood vessel diseases like atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and erectile dysfunction.In earlier studies, Tei and his colleagues demonstrated that sauna therapy improved the blood vessel function in hamsters with chronic heart failure.
Topics addressed include guideline creation, credentialing of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, definition of competence, and the increasing role of technology (that is, informatics) in managing training and task-necessary competencies.
The hamsters that received sauna therapy also lived about three weeks longer than those that didna€™t receive sauna therapy.A German researchers recently studied 22 kindergarten children who took weekly sauna baths and compared them to a group of children that did not take any sauna baths. Both groups were followed for 18 months and closely monitored for any occurrence of ear infections, colds, or upper respiratory problems. The researchers found that the children who did not take the weekly sauna baths took twice as many sick days as their counterparts.A Other findings suggest that it may be more than the heat of a sauna that is so advantageous to human health. The roles of transparency and a wide and open peer review are emphasized as essential to the usability and credibility of guidelines.
Tests have indicated that the practice of tossing or splashing water on heated rocks in a traditional Finnish sauna produces a high quantity of negative ions in the air.
Research has concluded that air abundant with negative ions offers great benefits, while a lack of negative ions or a higher ration of positive to negative ions in the air we breathe can cause physical harm.And while a June 2001 edition of The St. Health Canada issues consumer advisories regarding the safety of marketed health products, yet the criteria for issuing advisories have not been evaluated for consistency or objectivity.
Lying above the 60th parallel, the southern boundary of the Arctic Circle, northernmost Finland receives little sunlight during the winter, which typically begins in November and lasts at least until May.
Throughout all of Finland, winter days are remarkably short, with the sun low on the horizon even at midday. In the far north, the period known as a€?kaamosa€? or polar night, during which the sun never rises above the horizon, is nearly two months long.A Light deprivation is a serious concern during Finnish winters, particularly in areas where continuous darkness stretches several weeks. Many experts believe it could explain why Finland has one of the worlda€™s highest suicide rates. The Causality Algorithm used by Health Canada was used to rate degree of association between the adverse events (AEs) and the products. Each year, 14 percent of northern populations reportedly experience the a€?winter blues,a€? and another six percent suffer from the more serious Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), a type of clinical depression that, by definition, afflicts people only at certain times of the year.
The Severity of Adverse Events Scale, developed by the National Cancer Institute, was used to determine the severity of the AEs. Most NHP AWRs were issued based on potential AEs from contamination and adulteration, whereas most of the AWRs for therapeutic drugs were issued due to actual AEs.
A In addition to depression, common symptoms of SAD include anxiety, fatigue and low energy, irritability, increased sleeping, difficulty concentrating, and changes in appetite, most notably carbohydrate cravings.A For many people, Seasonal Affective Disorder is a seriously disabling illness that prevents them from functioning normally without continuous medical treatment. Of the 6 NHP AWRs issued for actual AEs, 3 (50%) were unassessable for severity, whereas of the 28 AWRs issued for actual therapeutic drug AEs, 1 (3%) was unassessable for severity. For others, it is a mild but debilitating condition that causes discomfort but not severe suffering.
The origin of reports for NHPs tended to be from foreign sources or Health Canada, whereas reports for therapeutic drugs were mostly issued by Health Canada in conjunction with drug manufacturers.
This milder form of SAD, called Subsyndromal Seasonal Affective Disorder, is what most people perceive to be the aforementioned winter blues.A Yet another form of SAD is Reverse Seasonal Affective Disorder (RSAD), and it typically strikes during the late spring or early summer and lasts throughout the warmer months. Also known as summer depression, RSAD is characterized by decreased sleep, weight loss, poor appetite, and other symptoms.
Because treatment options can differ for SAD and RSAD, ita€™s important to note that the information in the following paragraphs pertains specifically to SAD a€“ in other words, winter depression.A According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder include monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOs), psychotherapy, and light therapy.
Certain sources claim that, in addition to being used to treat SAD, insomnia and jet lag, light therapy can also be beneficial for people suffering from skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis and vitiglio.A For treating Seasonal Affective Disorder, the most commonly used phototherapy equipment is a portable lighting device known as a light box.
The patient sits in front of the box for a prescribed period of time that can be as brief as 15 minutes or as long as several hours. The potential of a mistletoe (Viscum album L) extract to alleviate adverse effects of cancer chemotherapy: an in vitro study. The duration and frequency of light therapy sessions often depend on the patienta€™s physical needs and lifestyle. Stephan Baumgartner, University of Bern, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, Inselspital, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. As one might surmise, light therapy sessions for SAD typically begin in the autumn months and continue throughout the winter, sometimes even into the early spring.A The light box may be mounted upright to a wall or slanted downwards and set on a table. The light from a slanted light box is designed to focus on the table upon which it sits, so patients may look down to read or enjoy other sedentary activities during their phototherapy sessions.
We investigated the effect of a mistletoe extract on PBMC with and without concomitant treatment with cyclophosphamide and compared viability and replication of normal PBMC with that of a T-cell leukemia cell line.
Patients using an upright light box must face the light box, although they dona€™t need to look directly into the light. As for the brightness of the light utilized, the light sources in these light boxes typically range from 2,500 to 10,000 lux (units of illumination).
In comparison, average indoor lighting typically ranges from 300 to 500 lux, and a sunny summer day is roughly 100,000 lux.A Before undergoing any light therapy treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder, be sure to discuss your concerns and options with a qualified health professional. If you believe that you suffer from SAD, it is vital that you receive a proper diagnosis from a physician experienced in treating mood disorders. As well, certain risks (like potential eye strain, hypomania and headache, among others) are associated with phototherapy, especially for people who are photosensitive, so consulting with your doctor and an ophthalmologist could prevent additional problems from arising during or after your treatments.
If you decide to pursue light therapy treatments without the assistance of a qualified health professional, be aware that different companies hold decidedly different stances on exactly what constitutes light therapy. A Among the health-related companies that are now making light therapy part of their business are manufacturers and retailers of home saunas. It is a logical development since far infrared sauna therapy has repeatedly been proven to be an effective form of light therapy. The light found in a far infrared sauna is, of course, far infrared light, a type of invisible light located below the optical color red in the electromagnetic spectrum.A An indispensable part of life on Earth, far infrared light has long been used by humans to purify polluted air, keep newborn babies warm in hospitals, promote growth in plants, and more. Little did the early sauna bathers of Finland realize centuries ago that their beloved heat baths might someday become a source of hope and healing, not just for the people of their own country but for everyone who finds the dark days of winter hard to weather.A Sweat and Far Infrared Saunas- Here's the Skinnyby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa For whatever reason, most people feel uncomfortable talking about perspiration.
The results motivate further preclinical and clinical investigations of mistletoe extracts as an adjuvant medication in cancer therapy to alleviate side effects of conventional therapy. For example, ita€™s not unusual to hear someone remark that he or she a€?sweateda€? over an academic assignment, a€?worked up a sweata€? on the tennis courts, or a€?lost a pint of sweata€? while awaiting an important decision. But these are simply colloquial expressions that many of us utilize to make a point about our mental or physical stress or exertion related to a particular undertaking or event. After all, to do so, polite society decrees, would be in poor taste.A And yet much could be gained if people felt free to discuss the natural biological process of perspiration without fear of judgment or reproach.
Stephan Baumgartner, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Inselspital, Imhoof-Pavillon, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. When we perspire in a far infrared sauna, we help our bodies rid themselves of the countless toxins like mercury, lead, cadmium and other contaminants that have accumulated within us over time. We investigated the potential of a commonly used plant pathogen–system, Arabidopsis thaliana infected with the virulent bacteria Pseudomonas syringae (pv tomato strain DC3000), regarding its response towards a homeopathic treatment. As well, by intensely sweating in a far infrared sauna we benefit our hearts, lungs, kidneys and other organs that are essential to our survival. Far infrared sauna bathing has also been proven to promote pain relief, muscle relaxation, and emotional tranquility.A For people suffering from certain skin diseases, far infrared sauna bathing can be particularly therapeutic. As the far infrared heat induces an increase in blood circulation to the skin, the bodya€™s defence against chronic skin conditions like acne, eczema and psoriasis is considerably bolstered. As well, thorough sweating helps unclog the skin of whatever unhealthy remnants of soap, lotions, deodorants or makeup may be unnecessarily lodged in its pores.
Dead skin cells are also effectively flushed away by a good sweat in a far infrared sauna.A Increased blood flow and decreased toxins and foreign material in our skin mean more natural nutrients and fewer reasons for irritations and disease. Compared to Bion (a common SAR inducer used as positive control), the magnitude of the treatment effect of Biplantol was about 50%.
Elasticity, texture, tone and color can all noticeably improve after just a few sessions in a far infrared sauna. None of the other tested preparations yielded significant effects in the overall evaluation. These benefits are available even if your skin has suffered harsh damage from excessive exposure to the sun.A You dona€™t have to talk about perspiration if you dona€™t want to. If you live a mostly sedentary lifestyle and therefore dona€™t perspire much on a regular basis, you must take action for the sake of the health of your heart, lungs, skin and other vital organs. People face stress at home, at work, at school a€“ anywhere opportunities to react to internal or external stimulation exist.A That stimulation can come from a disagreement with a spouse, a conflict with a co-worker, criticism from a teacher, bad news from a doctor, and so on. And the stimulation need not be negative; people often become stressed when they start new jobs or enter into new relationships. Even a big, surprise win at the casino can cause stress.A A little stress isna€™t necessarily a bad thing. Stress during a job interview can help you give the best answers to the people asking the tough questions. The purpose of this study was to determine remedy effects on a common quantitative measure of complexity, the correlation dimension (D2), of human sleep electroencephalography (EEG). These hormones are not harmful in moderate amounts, but cortisol is secreted excessively in response to chronic stress and is extremely toxic in these larger amounts.A a€?Cortisol actually kills and disables your brain cells,a€? says Dr.
Chronic exposure to cortisol causes the mental haziness, forgetfulness and confusion that is associated with aging.a€?A People under stress may also be at higher risk of developing coronary heart disease. High Hostile subjects increased complexity at C3 and Pz, but decreased complexity at O2 during stage 3 sleep on CC. Stress causes arteries to constrict and blood to become stickier, increase the probability of an artery-clogging blood clot. In the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects, CC caused significant increases in complexity at Pz and O1 during stage 3 sleep and at C3, C4, and Pz during stage 4 sleep.
As well, people who regularly experience sudden increases in blood pressure caused by stress may, over time, develop injuries in the inner lining of their blood vessels.A Studies suggest that chronic stress may increase a persona€™s chances for developing infections, having strokes, experiencing flare ups of multiple sclerosis, and suffering gastrointestinal problems like peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease.
CC increased complexity significantly at Cz, C4, and O2 during REM sleep in only the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects.
Chronic stress has also been linked to the development of insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes. And ask anybody who has ever suffered from headaches, insomnia, skin disorders or sexual dysfunction if they believe that stress was at least partly to blame for their woes, and then construct your own conclusions about how damaging stress can be to onea€™s health and well being.A If you think you have a serious condition that has been caused or made worse by certain stressors in your life, you should discuss your concerns with a qualified physician. If, however, youa€™d like to improve the quality of your life by learning how to better cope with stress, many options exist. Perhaps your first focus should be on discovering the remarkable benefits of relaxation.Relaxation decreases blood pressure, respiration and pulse rates, releases muscle tension, and eases emotional strains. In their quests for greater relaxation, some people choose biofeedback while others opt for massage therapy. Studies indicate that soaking in a hot sauna bath can help improve respiratory function, increase cardiovascular strength, reduce and remove body toxins, strengthen the bodya€™s immune system, relieve headaches, and cleanse and beautify skin. Sauna bathing can also increase blood circulation, relaxing tight, tired or aching muscles by providing them with more oxygen.A If youa€™re searching for a healthy way to alleviate the stress in your life, consider purchasing a home sauna.
Residential saunas are available in a range of styles and sizes, from pre-cut Finnish sauna kits to outdoor barrel saunas and far infrared heat therapy rooms. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not the objective measure of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings can distinguish verum homeopathic remedies from placebo in human subjects.
Seemingly ubiquitous advertisements and TV commercials for antiperspirants continue to convince generations of consumers that perspiration is an undesirable, offensive bodily function.
While no one would dispute that sweat can be quite unwelcome in important social and business situations, it would be imprudent not to acknowledge the necessity of perspiration and understand the critical role it plays in human health.A Sweating is an essential function of the human body, as essential as eating, breathing and sleeping. Skin is sometimes called a€?the third kidneya€? for this very reason.A Your body eliminates various toxins through a variety of metabolic processes, one being urination and another being perspiration. The kidneys filter waste materials from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. The temperature in a traditional Finnish sauna is usually between 180 and 200 degrees Fahrenheit (80 and 95 degrees Celsius).
The two types of sauna operate differently, but, at their respective temperature ranges, working up a sufficient sweat in either type should be achievable for even the most inexperienced sauna bather.A Using high heat to induce perspiration has a great number of benefits.
In addition to decreasing the amount of toxins and heavy metals, such as cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc, in your body, an intense sweat bath in a sauna can help cleanse it of other impurities like cholesterol, nicotine, sodium, and sulfuric acid.
By improving blood circulation, regular sauna bathing can help draw the skina€™s own natural nutrients to the surface, leading to better tone, texture and elasticity. NV produced more marked effects on increased shifts in sleep stages, with a growth in effects from night 22 to 23. Thata€™s why sauna bathing is being increasingly included in high-intensity treatment programs for skin ailments like acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Some beauty specialists in Europe even claim the sauna can be quite a powerful weapon in the war against cellulite.A As beneficial and therapeutic as sweating in a soothing hot sauna may be, however, it is imperative that bathers not allow the experience to dehydrate them. As well, be sure to discuss your plans and expectations with your personal physician before you take to the sauna for the first time, as he or she should know of any existing conditions or limitations that pertain specifically to your health and might impact your sauna use.A As for all those advertisements and TV commercials that say sweating is bad, forget about them, and start doing what you know is best for your health.
This study examined the effects of olfactory administration of a polycrest homeopathic remedy Sulphur on heart rate variability (HRV). The Sulphur was given at dilution factors used for preparing 6c, 12c, and 30c potencies (1 potency per session, with potency order randomized), but for each potency, the test solutions were succussed to different degrees (stirred without shaking, 10, 20, or 100 succussions).
Homeopathic remedies increase spectral electroencephalographic power during sleep in healthy young adults. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of verum vs placebo homeopathic remedies on spectral qEEG measures of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings.
Evaluating a nonlinear dynamical model for human flourishing: Relationship of PANAS positive-to-negative-affect ratio and global health and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to compare global physical health (GPH) and well-being ratings of young adults whose P:N mood ratios fell above vs below the Losada line. Despite higher (MCSD) scores in PF, a small sex and age difference between groups, ANCOVAs controlling for MCSD, sex, and age still showed statistical significance of the above PF vs PL group differences. Gurjeet Birdee, Osher Research Center Harvard Medical School, 401 Park Drive, Suite 22-A West, Boston, MA 02215. We identified the prevalence of CAM modalities used and the characteristics of users among the pediatric population.



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