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Energy healing encompasses a broad range of therapeutic modalities, all of which focus on channeling healing energy into a client’s body.
The practitioner’s role is to help bring energy fields into balance and improve the health and wellness of body, mind and spirit. Graduates of energy healing school often specialize in a particular form of therapy, such as healing touch, Reiki training, qi gong or polarity therapy. Energy healers help clients with a wide range of ailments, from anxiety to chronic pain to cancer treatment side effects. The curriculum at a typical energy healing school includes the history and theory of energy medicine, perception of energy fields in the body, and techniques of energy healing. Energy healing training can take as little as a few weekends or as much as a couple of years, depending on the level of training. Level I and II Reiki training and other basic energy healing training can cost as little as a few hundred dollars.
Although there is no specific regulation of licensing for energy healers, professional certification is often available. Most states regulate massage therapists and bodywork professionals, so if you plan to incorporate energy healing as part of your massage therapy business, be sure to check the laws of the state where you plan to practice.
The amount of money you can earn as an energy healer varies depending on geographic location and how many hours a week you work. Sources: East-West School of Integrative Healing Arts, International Association for Energy Healers, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Healing Touch Program, World School of Massage and Holistic Healing Arts.
Alternative medicine is a unique field of medicine which has become popular with patients looking for a more natural approach to their health. Alternative medicine goes by many monikers—complementary, holistic—and practitioners promote healing and wellness using natural methods. Find out how much you can earn in the alternative medicine field and what your job prospects look like.
Clear up misconceptions about alternative medicine careers, degrees and more with answers to these common questions. Many animal owners are also turning to healing therapies that complement traditional veterinary medicine. Aromatherapy can either supplement another healing art, such as massage or reflexology, or can be practiced on its own.
Ayurveda, or "the science of life" in Sanskrit, is a holistic system of medicine that originated in India thousands of years ago. Reiki is a Japanese healing art that focuses on harnessing the body's energy through the use of the healer's hands to promote healing. The boundaries of Chinese medicine practice have expanded to incorporate one of our most pervasive health goals—to lose weight. The therapeutic treatment known as colonic hydrotherapy has been practiced in some form for thousands of years. Herbalism is the use of plants for therapeutic purposes to treat and prevent disease and promote health. Homeopathy is a system of medicine that treats ailments by administering diluted remedies in order to fight disease. Homeopathy training is available to students at varying holistic expertise levels and with different homeopathic interests.
The healing discipline of hypnotherapy is best described as a state of focused relaxation in which a person is more responsive to suggestion. Iridology practitioners see the eye's iris as a diagnostic tool that can be used to pinpoint areas of health or weakness within the body's systems.
Through sound healing training courses, practitioners learn how to use toning, chanting or vibrations to stimulate self-healing in clients. Neurolinguistic programming is based on the premise that our attitudes toward past experiences affects how we behave now and in the future. From undergraduate degree programs to homeopathy courses for personal enrichment, you can find what you're looking for online.
Placing their hands on the patient, spiritual healers channel energy that they believe has the intelligence to go where it's needed. Program outcomes vary according to each institution's specific curriculum and employment opportunities are not guaranteed.
The exhibition at Duoyunxuan Art Center showcases rare photographs like this one, in addition to artifacts including the clothes and daily utensils used by the sisters. There has never been a trio of sisters more famous in China than the Soongs, and their contributions to the country and the war-time efforts have now been immortalized in a unique exhibition named "The Soong Sisters: Special Memories".
The exhibition, which occupies 2,500 square meters at the Duoyunxuan Art Center, debuted on April 28 and will run till July 31. The 300 exhibits on show, which comprises original documents, photographs, video recordings, clothing, daily utensils and artworks, were collected from both sides of the Taiwan Straits. The three women - Ai-ling (1888-1973), Ching-ling (1893-1981) and Mei-ling (1898-2003) - are well-known for their key roles in China's political scene throughout the 20th century. While Mei-ling and Ai-ling were ardent supporters of the Kuomintang (KMT), Ching-ling was steadfast in her Communism beliefs. In 1940, when the Japanese occupied the capital city of Nanjing, the three reunited in Chongqing and established the Chinese Industrial Cooperatives. Following the fall of the Kuomintang in 1948, Mei-ling and Ai-ling moved to Taiwan with their family, while Ching-ling stayed in the Chinese mainland. The Soong sisters were born to American-educated Methodist minister Charles Soong and all three of them attended Wesleyan College in Georgia. Mei-ling left Wesleyan College and later graduated from Wellesley College in Massachusetts. In the 1930s, she and her husband Chiang initiated the New Life Movement, combining Confucianism with Christianity, and encouraged self-cultivation among the Chinese people. When the war broke out, she initiated a welfare project to establish schools for orphans of Chinese soldiers and referred to these children as her "warphans".
Mei-ling also played an active role in the political scene and was the English translator, secretary and advisor to her husband Chiang.
In 1943, Mei-ling became the first Chinese national and only the second woman to make a public address to both houses of the US congress, speaking about the Chinese people's determination to fight against the Japanese invaders.
In 1995, she made a rare public appearance when she attended a reception held on Capitol Hill in her honor as part of the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II. The original crimson dress and silk shawl that Mei-ling wore at this reception are among the rare exhibits, alongside historical photographs of her 1943 lectures in the US. Hau adds that he remembers Mei-ling as a "warm and friendly lady, who treated us like her own children" and noted that she would often crack jokes and evoke much laughter at banquets. Another significant war-related artifact at the exhibition is the medal that Ching-ling received from the Kuomintang government in recognition for her contributions during the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. Xiao added that the Soong sisters are fine examples of the fusion of Chinese and Western cultures who have made a significant impact on the generations of men and women after them. Ching-ling or Mei-ling did not have any offspring while Ai-ling was survived by two sons and two daughters.
1890: Charles Soong started a family with wife Ni Kwei-tseng and their first daughter was named Ai-ling. 1894: Charlie Soong met with Dr Sun Yat-sen and became a supporter of the latter's cause to overthrow the Manchurian regime.
1907: Ching-ling and Mei-ling followed their eldest sister to the US to study at Wesleyan College. 1925: Dr Sun died and Ching-ling was elected to the Kuomintang (KMT) Central Executive Committee. 1939: Ching-ling founded the China Defense League, a fund-raising entity for the Chinese Communists. 1981: Ching-ling died in Beijing, just two weeks after she was named Honorary Chairwoman of the People's Republic of China. For decades, photographer Pang Xiaowei has been shooting black-and-white portraits of Chinese celebrities, from Olympic gold medal winners to singers and film stars.
Pang started to snap celebrities in the movie business in 2002 to honor the 100th anniversary of China's film industry. Most did not know Pang before friends introduced them, and he often only had three to five minutes to get his shot. The difficulty of photographing an actor or actress is that they don't know how to be themselves in front of camera, says Pang, who was an actor in the theater for 10 years before taking up photography at age 30. He says he always loved taking photos for his friends, but only found his calling after seeing a solo show by Ansel Adams, a photographer from the United States known for his works in black and white.
After the movie actor series, Pang was touched by Beijing's excitement during the 2008 Olympics and so began a Games champion series, which included 186 Chinese gold medal winners. It seemed like an impossible task, he recalls, because many of them lived abroad and out of the public eye. Fan Di'an, head of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, describes Pang's photos as a process of using film to reveal a person's inner self. Pang is now working on a Peking Opera series, and for the first time will create portraits of well-known performers in color, although he will still produce a black-and-white edition. He says Placido Domingo, the Spanish tenor, loved the Peking Opera photos he gave him as a gift when the two met in Beijing last year. In the late-1990s, the "weblog" (mercifully shortened to "blog" early in its incarnation) vastly changed the way people grappled with the emergence of the internet, particularly in the West.
Fast-forward two decades and a new force has undeniably taken hold of the modern internet: social media.
Nowhere is this more pronounced in scale than in China, whose 688 million internet users is more than double the population of America.
How does this affect the realm of fashion, particularly as big brands look to engage with the world's largest market? By posting photos and discussing their sense of style, the most followed users are considered to be powerful "key opinion leaders" who can make or break trends - and it's little wonder that most brands are clamouring to collaborate. Many Western fashion bloggers have tended to focus on themselves, generally on their personal style through a standalone blog or via daily selfies on platforms such as Instagram; they're often well-connected in the industry, too. But who are these powerful digital influencers, who have millions eagerly awaiting their daily posts? A relative newcomer to the fashion community, Fujian Province-born Fang Yimin was initially a political reporter and then a film reporter at Nanfang Daily. Many people say you are a fashion blogger, but others think you are more like the "we media". What do you think about the trend for traditional media practitioners to transform into fashion bloggers? I think there are advantages for media practitioners to be fashion bloggers, because we know how media operates and we write well - we know what our readers are interested in.
One of the most influential fashion bloggers in China, Ye Si, better known as Gogoboi, is a front-row fixture renowned for his witty commentary.
Actually, I think what I am writing is not a novel or prose; it's not a literary creation, so I don't need inspiration. Apart from reading press releases, how do you ensure you know the biggest news in the industry every day?
Among all your posts, what is the breakdown of paid promotional articles and hard-core fashion reviews? Flamboyant Beijing-born fashion icon Han Huohuo (huo means "fire") worked for the Chinese editions of Cosmopolitan and Marie Claire. Several years ago, Scott Schuman's photo of you on his famous blog The Sartorialist ended up all over the internet, helping fuel your rise to fame. Peter Xu is considered a "key opinion leader" in the Chinese fashion scene; a stylist, magazine columnist, TV host and a former rapper, the Jiangsu Province-born entrepreneur, worked as marketing manager for L'Ori??i??al in Shanghai, before starting a Weibo account. You're quite different from many fashion bloggers on Weibo and WeChat who came from a media background - you used to work in marketing and education. I think the biggest challenge was to transform my ability to talk and act in motion with still words and images - and at a high level of quality. I would buy a shoulder strap from Fendi's Strap You collection, because bags with wide straps will be very popular this year. Many influential fashion bloggers have expanded into other areas such as TV hosting, acting and modeling. I want to do something related to the career development of young women, because I think women in their 20s are confused about their career development. Development assistance for Africa from traditional partners has mostly focused on how to best use the continent's natural resources. Carlos Lopes says Africa faces some serious problems and may need to lean on China's friendship and goodwill to complete the leap to industrialization. But with China having become Africa's leading trading partner, an opportunity has arisen for a new model.
China's journey to industrialization was often used as a reference point during a recent, weeklong forum on domestic resource mobilization that brought African planning and finance ministers and analysts to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Still, Lopes says Africa is facing some serious problems and may need to lean on China's friendship and goodwill to complete the leap to industrialization. Second, China has addressed much of its infrastructure needs and it will soon reach overcapacity. Third, rising labor costs in China will force out factories that are still in the lower value-addition level, making it necessary for them to move. Africa is by no means the only option open for China, as other Asian countries offer similar options.
The companies sometimes fail to deliver on time because of power cuts and a poor transport network that makes cross-border trade expensive. Africa overall continues to record slow growth despite harboring industrialization ambitions. Progress can be determined through the degree to which African countries are diversifying their economies from a dependency on minerals. Lopes blames this on government inertia in prudently using the rich proceeds that have come from commodity markets in recent years to build other sectors.
He says that's why narratives such as "the African Renaissance" were coined and now are in doubt because they were based on the beliefs of others and the fragility of the global market. It's clear that China's waning appetite for Africa's commodities has had an impact on Africa's export sectors.
Agenda 2063, agreed to by African heads of state, aims to optimize resources for the benefit of the continent's people. It is a comprehensive strategic plan for the socioeconomic transformation of the continent over the next 50 years.
UNECA released several reports during the one-week forum in Ethiopia, providing empirical data to enable leaders and foreign investors to make informed decisions.
But when the financial crisis and the subsequent economic recession hit his coal business, he decided it was time for another change and he fixed his mind on making wine. He named the vineyard Rongzi Chateau after a local woman who it is said to have made the first wine in China about 2,700 years ago. The soil and climate in Xiangning are all favorable for grape growing, but to ensure the success of his vineyard, Zhang invited Kong Qingshan, a top grape planting scientist at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and Jean-Claude Berrouet, a world-renowned French winemaker to be consultants, and he imported advanced wine making and storage equipment from France, the United States, Australia, Italy and Hungary. The chateau includes a temple memorializing Rongzi and her son, a wine museum, a business school, a school of Chinese studies, a hotel and several exquisite parks. He has also donated about 62 million yuan in recent years to assist more than 300 college students from poor families and build agricultural water conservancy projects, roads and schools in local poverty-stricken villages.
After his wines started wining some prizes in Europe three years ago, Zhang began receiving orders from the US, Thailand, Macao and Hong Kong, and his sales revenue was 20 million yuan in the second half of 2014, when Rongzi wines were first launched. According to Vinexpo, an international wine and spirits exhibition established in 1981 in Bordeaux, France, wine consumption started rising markedly in China in 2005.
A vineyard of Rongzi Chateau in Shanxi province, North China, where their roots can grow meters deep into the soil on the loess plateau. When talking about his more than 20 years working as a coronary artery and carotid artery surgeon, Liu Peng, 55, said that he felt sorry for his family as he seldom has any time to be with them due to his schedule of five or six operations a day.
Having studied cardiovascular operations in Japan and carotid artery operations in the United States, Liu said that the workload of Chinese surgeons is about 10 or even 20 times that of their foreign counterparts, but they are paid much less.
As far as the relationship between doctors and patients is concerned, Liu said that thorough communication is a necessity between the two parties. It happened five years ago, when he had a patient who was suffering from Marfan Syndrome and needed to be operated on for a chance to survive.
With an increasing number of disputes between doctors and patients occurring and medical workers usually turning out to be the disadvantaged party, very few top senior high school students are choosing to take up medicine nowadays.
Liu will not allow his assistant to do an operation on his own until he has assisted at a minimum of 50 operations for fear that a slip of error by his assistant may possibly get him involved in a dispute with a patient. The 36-year-old harvested 400,000 Chinese cabbages from his 100 greenhouses in late March, bringing in a fortune of more than 2 million yuan (about $307,000). This year, An plans to add six hectares of farmland by renting land from local farmers at the price of 15,000 yuan per hectare to his current 13.8 hectares. With repeating tests, An created a planting model - planting garlic sprouts, Chinese spring cabbage and watermelons in turn in a year.
An went to markets to do research and found Chinese cabbages weighing between 2 kg and 2.5 kg are most popular among buyers. An's desk is packed with books and papers on rural economy, ecological agriculture, laws and rural policies. He registered his land as a family farm in 2013 and began using a quick response code last year. Wang said a professional farmer has to have not only planting skills, but also the ability to manage a rural business. The country needs a new-type of professional farmers who can integrate modern elements such as science and technology and machinery into agricultural development to farm the large expanse of land left by rural laborers who poured into cities, as was cited by Minister of Agriculture Han Changfu on March 5 at a national meeting. Shandong, a major agricultural province in China, will be able to cultivate 500,000 professional farmers by 2020, according to Shandong agricultural bureau. An will open a company that provides services such as packaging in the second half of this year. Professional farmer An Liang (right), inspects his cabbages with a local official at his greenhouses near Jinan earlier this year. Once a daily sight on every British street, a dwindling but resilient band of milkmen still go out at the crack of dawn to deliver bottles of fresh milk to the nation's doorsteps. The overwhelming majority of milk used to be sold at the front door until the supermarket revolution all but wiped out this very British institution.
But by selling more than milk and embracing the Internet, the few thousand remaining milkmen, including Neil Garner, have breathed new life into the cherished tradition. The 57-year-old has driven his milk float - an electrified, open-sided delivery van - through towns and villages in the dead of night since 1994, placing glass pint (half-litre) bottles of milk on the doorstep ready for when customers wake for their morning cereal and cups of tea. It's not just breakfast staples like tea bags, bread, butter, eggs and bacon that Garner now has on the back of his float.
In 1980, 89 percent of all the milk bought in Britain was delivered to the door, according to trade association Dairy UK. At the depot in nearby Watford, milkmen load up crates, containing 20 one-pint bottles each, before heading into the cold at around 2 am. Garner's no-frills electric milk float is slow and exposed to the elements, but the brisk walker likes the ease of hopping on and off for his 200 to 250 deliveries. The early drops are in pitch darkness, Garner needing a torch to find his way up the garden paths. Some customers leave rolled-up notes with instructions such as "no milk today" or "one extra pint, please", but most now go online. A pint of milk, typically 50 pence ($0.70, 65 euro cents) at a supermarket, costs 81 pence. He relies on the few other people around to check his timing, including a man he sees getting on his bicycle each morning. The last delivery is done at 7:30 am, before Garner returns through rush-hour traffic to unload his empties at the depot.
Not Eddie Platt, a British expatriate who single-handedly took on the scourge in Marseille, the southern French city where he took up residence in 2010.
The idea is simple, if not particularly sexy: Participants post selfies on a social network - Facebook, Instagram or Twitter - each time they pick up a piece of litter and put it in the rubbish bin.
Ten tonnes of rescued rubbish later, the effort has cyber fans around the world from Buenos Aires to New York, and TV and newspapers are hounding Platt for interviews. In fact Platt shot his founding litter-binning selfie in Leeds' sprawling Roundhay Park, one of Europe's biggest city parks. The Yorkshireman says he does not self-identify as green but simply as a concerned citizen. One Sunday Platt - who has only an approximate mastery of French - led some 350 Marseillais on a climb up the city's tallest hill, topped by the imposing basilica Our Lady of the Guard, for a clean-up operation.
Platt is hard to miss with his infectious smile, greying beard and backwards baseball cap, not to mention his towering height - he is six foot three (1.90 meters). Legre, who says he is "100 percent Marseillais", specializes in "viral marketing" and set Platt up with his social networking tools.
Platt has had a varied career, working as a restaurant manager in England for "about 10 years, to make some money", then as a sales rep for a high-tech firm, before training to teach English abroad. When it comes to growing its investment in China, what Mark Wiseman, president and chief executive of the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, has in mind is China's share of the global gross domestic product. Wiseman, who manages one of the world's largest pension funds with total assets worth $215.7 billion at of the end of 2015, intends to match the fund's presence in China with the share of the Chinese economy in the world, which will represent somewhat between 25 to 30 percent of the global GDP by 2040. The CPPIB has deployed about $10 billion investment in China so far, which accounts for about 4.3 percent of the fund's total assets globally, he said. He said he intends to grow the fund's investment in China significantly in the coming years by tapping into the rise of consumer demand and building up cross-asset portfolios that cover sectors including real estate, logistics, infrastructure and private and public equities market. One of its recent moves in China is the $500 million cornerstone investment in Postal Savings Bank of China Co, which is planning an initial public offering.
The CPPIB also manages an investment quota of $1.2 billion in the Chinese equities market under the Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor program.
What is your assessment of the Chinese economy and how will the economic transformation in the country affect your investment strategy? We are looking at the big trends, including what is happening to the demographics and to the rise of consumer demand and how is the economy shifting away from inefficient State-owned industries to having a larger proportion of economic growth coming from more highly productive service sector. What sectors in China do you want to increase the fund's exposure to and what sectors do you plan to exit? How do you see the volatilities of the Chinese stock market and the way the government stepped in to stem the market rout? Is there any Canadian experience on the pension fund reform that you think China can learn from?
We are very lucky in Canada that in 1997 there was a fundamental reform of the national pension scheme, which was led by then finance minister Paul Martin who tried to put in place a system that will be sustainable for generations.
I think it is better to start earlier to look at the structure of the pension system and understand that you want to be in the position to support the retirees for a long period of time. The good news is that China has time given its economic growth and the profile of the population. What is the difference between managing a pension fund and managing a regular investment firm? In many respects, we operate like an investment company because we have one client that is the national pension system. We know very clearly our job is to make risk-adjusted return in order to pay the pensions of the 19 million people.
Germany's ranks of small and medium-sized enterprises, especially so-called hidden champions, have been key to drawing more Chinese investment, and the trend shows no signs of abating, according to Hermann Simon, one of the country's most influential business thinkers.
Hidden champions are often market leaders, either worldwide or within the continent they are based in, with revenues below 5 billion euros ($5.55 billion).
Simon, chairman of Simon-Kucher & Partners, a global consultancy firm founded in Bonn, says Chinese investors, unlike some US firms, see acquisitions in Germany as long-term strategic investments. An Ernst & Young report in February shows Germany was the most attractive destination in Europe for Chinese investment last year, with 36 acquisitions. Simon, 69, believes this trend will continue thanks to Germany's many hidden champions, a term he coined to describe relatively unknown SMEs that are the backbone of a nation's economy and have for many years sustained Germany's leading position in exports.
Many German SMEs are leading niche markets globally and are valued below several billion euros, he says, which makes them natural targets as the majority of Chinese acquisitions in Europe are limited in size, and Chinese industrial companies have a strong sense of affinity or preference for German SMEs.
China is one of few nations with so many entrepreneurs that understand the concept of hidden champions, Simon says. One prominent example he cites is a Chinese chemical products owner whom he met during a recent visit to Shandong province. On another occasion, when Simon was giving a presentation in Shanghai, he noticed the hidden champions concept was met with great interest. There is a largely positive attitude in German business circles toward Chinese investors, according to Simon, who says that, unlike some US companies that acquired European enterprises and focused on maximizing short-term gains before looking to offload them again, Chinese buyers tend to see such purchases as strategic investments. The Chinese investment in Germany is less aggressive compared with the Americans, he says, adding that Chinese buyers in Germany behave in a moderate and reasonable way.
Simon acknowledges there is concern in Germany about more Chinese investment pouring into the country, but says: "When General Motors took over Opel in 1929, or Ford built a huge automobile plant in Cologne in 1930, people said we would be dominated and conquered by the Americans, and that we would be a colony of the US.


He believes Chinese investment can bring advantages for both sides and refutes the notion that Chinese companies are simply trying to extract know-how from Germany to transfer to China. In addition, he says, Chinese investment means German SMEs can gain a "stronger capital base" and access to the Chinese market.
Simon, who in an online poll by Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung newspaper was named the second-most influential management thinker in German-speaking countries, says German SMEs are in general becoming more open due to internationalization.
Although he believes Germany's hidden champions can be excellent role models for Chinese companies, Simon says most would still prefer to avoid a takeover if possible. They combine specialties in products and know-how with global sales and marketing, and serve the target markets through subsidies.
They are massive innovators, and the effectiveness of their R&D beats that of large companies by a factor of five.
Their greatest strength is their closeness to customers, while their strategies are value oriented, not price oriented.
According to Zhai, one of the reasons is that "China soon will become the largest source of travelers" for France outside Europe. Outside Europe, China was France's second biggest tourist market in 2013 after the United States, with 1.7 million visitors and $681 million of revenue, Xinhua News Agency reported.
Currently the major museums in Paris provide instructions in Chinese, and Zhai said the conditions are still being improved.
French Foreign Affairs Minister Laurent Fabius said in August last year that "the goal we have set with our Chinese officials is to quickly reach 5 million (Chinese tourists)".
Zhai noted that the French side has responded proactively by offering more convenience to Chinese tourists. Welcoming 84.1 million tourists in 2014, France confirmed its position as the world's most visited country. Zhai noted that in the past, the United States and Japan accounted for a major portion of the travelers, while the number of Chinese tourist has surged rapidly in recent years. The ambassador said that the country faced great security challenges last year, including two deadly terrorist attacks that shocked the world.
Last year, Beijing worked closely with Paris to make the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris a success.
Zhai said he was impressed last November by the unbeaten French spirit and the country's commitment to hosting such an event after a deadly terrorist attack that killed more than 100. Although the number of Chinese tourists going to France dropped after the attacks, it was a minor dip compared with other countries, Zhai said. The ambassador said the services provided by France for Chinese travelers have been improving, while "public security remains an issue" as cases of theft and robbery targeting Chinese travelers have been reported frequently. Due to the large number of Chinese tourists, the number of such cases is daunting and this indicates "a demanding task for the consular protection staff of our embassy and consulates", Zhai said.
Zhai noted that the French have made progress in boosting public security, including increasing cameras to monitor downtown areas and strengthening police patrols.
But he thinks major improvement will not be achieved overnight because of the quickly rising number of Chinese tourists.
Cao believes respect can be earned, and families will remember the good service, which is the result of years of practice. His workplace, Changshu Crematory, employs 10 cremators and cremates about 10,000 bodies each year.
He is also satisfied with his salary, saying that the pay, more than 100,000 yuan ($15,300) each year is "above average in Changshu". Charmed by a painting of Hong Kong's Victoria Harbor on the wall of his parents' sitting room in Dublin, Ireland, young Goff didn't know he would later be in charge of the place that gained China a spot in the Lonely Planet's list of world's greatest bookshops. He is talking quickly in the Beijing Bookworm, boxed in a building with notable pink walls outside, while inside red lanterns hang high from the ceiling and great music floats in the air. Hailed as one of the most beautiful bookstores in the world by many international media, it has been a "home away from home" to many.
Goff's efforts not only include being hospitable to customers and partners, and being passionate about books, he has to "be innovative" as he's managing brick-and-mortar bookshops in the digital age.
The community-based Bookworm has year-round programs, and an annual literary festival that just wrapped up on Sunday. This year's Bookworm Literary Festival featured 180 writers and thinkers from 30 countries in 300 events. In the past decade, Goff has witnessed China become "more accessible than ever before" and with an increasingly attractive publishing market. Calling China "one of those major countries an international writer can't miss to visit", he advised writers to come in with open eyes and open ears, taking in as much as they can. Goff was born in 1968 in Dublin into a family that "had no connection with China" besides that painting in the sitting room.
After graduation with a degree in journalism from Rathmines College in 1992, he worked for several newspapers that brought him to Africa and central Europe. He then arrived in Beijing "with no friends and no relatives here", stationed somewhere in the Haidian district where he studied Chinese and got an apartment before looking for a job. Beginning in 2002, he and Alexandra Pearson, daughter of a British diplomat, started to manage a big English language book collection that became the foundation of the current Bookworm. Energy healing school can prepare you to work alongside traditional medical practitioners as part of a holistic therapy program, or as part of an alternative or complementary medicine clinic.
Many programs also include training in specific modalities, such as Reiki training or vibrational healing. Basic Reiki training, for instance, is taught in a weekend format, but Master-level training requires a year or longer. More comprehensive training programs at massage schools or energy healing school can cost anywhere between $5,000 and $15,000. Organizations such as the Reiki Licensing Commission for Reiki Masters and Healers (RLCRMH), the International Association for Energy Healers, and the Healing Touch Professional Association usually grant these certifications.
Massage therapy certification is available from the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork, and requires a minimum of 500 hours of study in your chosen field.
More and more Americans are seeking out alternative medical treatments—over 38 percent, according to the most recent National Health Interview Survey. Generally, though, practitioners with energy healing training can earn as much as $100 for a one-hour session. You’ll be trained to help clients one-on-one with a whole range of physical, emotional and even spiritual issues. Homeopathic individualized medicines versus fluoxetine for moderate to severe depression: double-blind, randomized non-inferiority trial. It is jointly presented by Xinmin Evening News and the municipal management council for the cultural relics of Sun Yat-sen and Soong Ching-ling. Two of them were once the first ladies of China - Ching-ling married Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925), also known as the "Father of Modern China" while Mei-ling wedded Chiang Kai-shek (1887-1975), the former leader of the Kuomintang government and president of the Republic of China.
Despite their differences in ideology, the three sisters nonetheless joined hands to lend vital support to war relief efforts in the fight against the Japanese invaders. The three sisters had provided aid to numerous schools, hospitals, air raid shelters and war-torn communities. This is the first time the three of them are reunited since 1949 when they went their separate ways," says Chen Qiwei, chief editor of Xinmin Evening News.
The exhibition features the bond between the sisters, as well as their shared patriotic love for the nation. She spoke excellent English, and with a Georgia accent, which helped her to connect with American audiences, according to records from Wellesley College. To better provide for them, she established the Chinese Women's National War Relief Society. Without the victory of the war against the Japanese invaders, there would not be today's China," says Hau Pei-tsun, a politician from Taiwan who was in the Kuomintang army during the war. Ching-ling was also the person who had introduced western authors and journalists to Chairman Mao who was based in Yan'an of Shaanxi. When you put together the stories of all the three sisters, you'll get a complete picture of the war," said Xiao Guiyu, chairman of the management council of Sun Yat-sen cultural relics in Shanghai. The latter's father is Chiang Ching-kuo, the son of Chiang Kai-shek and his first wife Mao Fumei. Part of the Chiang Kai-shek diaries is now open to public at the Hoover Institution in Stanford University. Even though they were separated for decades far across the seas, the emotional connection between them never faded," said Fang Chi-yi. They asked about one another whenever there were visitors coming from the other side of the Straits. Chiang, a Buddhist, won the approval of his future mother-in-law by divorcing his ex-wife and converting to Christianity. In addition to celebrities, he also focuses on ordinary people, as seen in his latest show in Beijing.
It took him nearly four years to frame more than 1,000 famed faces, including actresses Gong Li and Zhang Ziyi. But he did it, and the series was later extended to include winners at the 2012 London Games. For his latest show, which closed on April 3 at the National Art Museum, he aimed his lens at craftsmen, residents and even the boys of a visiting chorus from Saxony in Germany, a cultural project initiated by A. Whether it was a personal diary or a round-up of the coolest links, blogs served as a great way to navigate the modern world and the then-unmapped World Wide Web.
Globally, an astounding 92 percent of people online have at least one account on a social network, according to the latest figures from research institute GlobalWebIndex (GWI).
For blogging in particular, Weibo, launched in 2009 as Sina Weibo, has remained an influential platform in the country. Social media-based fashion bloggers and "we media" (roughly, grassroots reporters of news and social trends) have become wildly popular in China, particularly in covering the luxury fashion industry.
However, a key difference in China is that most users make their debuts on social-media platforms such as Weibo and WeChat, gaining a tangible number of followers by discussing broader fashion trends, celebrity styles and entertainment industry gossip rather than their own looks. In 2014, she launched her WeChat public account "Becky's Fantasy", focusing on clothing and personal style discovery. His first taste of fashion journalism was contributing to the lifestyle section of China's Weekend Weekly. We are more attuned to the news and we can apply what we learn from the media on our own platform. First of all, I'm not good-looking enough for girls to go crazy for me, so I choose not to show myself online - I can identify with others when I see regular people showing off their selfies.
He undertook a series of jobs after graduation before landing a role as junior fashion features editor for the Chinese edition of Italian Grazia. Between the desire to say whatever you want to say and your readers' preferences, which one is more important to you? There should be no more than one promotional article and the amount of editorial content must be more than the promotional articles.
His passion for fashion was sparked while serving as an editor for travel magazine Play+, when he began writing for its style section. He contributes to Cosmopolitan, Madame Figaro and 1626, and has established his own studio which maintains close ties with top brands including Dior, Versace, Emilio Pucci and the Kering Group.
She initially worked for the Shanghai Morning Post reporting on international political news. Why do you choose to stay so low-key in such an extravagant, generally outspoken profession? Needless to say, things have yet to look up," says Carlos Lopes, 56, an economist from the small West African nation of Guinea-Bissau who is executive secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. First, China is betting on Africa's demographic growth, which presents a consumer base and sizeable labor force predicted to surpass China's in 50 years.
The Asian country is its top trading partner, and a remarkable transformation is already taking place as Chinese investment is directed toward industrialization, which is creating employment for local people.
Apprehension is rife over the ability of several countries to sustain their economic growth in the face of tumbling oil and commodity prices. But Lopes is quick to note that President Xi Jinping's $60 billion announcement during the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation summit in South Africa last year gave the continent a boost. It seeks to accelerate development of vibrant and inclusive economies that are integrated and connected through transport networks, internet telecommunications and common markets that promote free movement of people and goods.
He spent more than 600 million yuan ($92 million) to create a 400-hectare vineyard and a 30-hectare park with chateau in the county.
Rongzi's son became the Jin Kingdom's king during the Warring States Period (475 BC - 221 BC) and wine-making became popular in the region.
About 200 local residents work at the chateau, and more than 3,000 farmers from 22 villages work in the vineyard. It more than doubled to 50 million yuan last year, and Zhang predicts the figure will hit 80 million yuan this year, as wine grows more popular in the country. For patients who have problems with their coronary arteries and carotid arteries at the same time, Liu tries to perform the two operations at a single sitting, which can reduce the risks of heart failure.
It took him five hours to successfully do both during a single operation on a patient in 2014, and he has done such double operations together on more than 70 patients since. Back in 2003 when Beijing was struck by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, the Sino-Japanese Friendship Hospital was designated as special medical facility for receiving SARS patients and Liu was appointed director of the Intensive Care Unit.
However, a medical material needed for the operation was not available at the hospital then. Whether the development of the overall healthcare provision in the country will see progress in the future and whether medical science will have bright prospects or not, is cause for concern.
Although caution is never too much when it comes to the safety of an operation, it is equally important for young surgeons to accumulate experience by performing operations on their own with the guidance of their teachers.
A company based in Hainan has signed a contract with An to buy all of the melons he grows at a favorable price. After years of hard work in the city, An found life in the city not as good as he dreamed of. The future's looking bright," said Garner, the customer-nominated Milkman of the Year at Milk and More, the country's biggest doorstep delivery firm. He talks about his idea all the time, and he's really into social networking," says his friend Georges-Edouard Legre.
But as he was hitchhiking in the general direction he blew in to Marseille, and it was love at first sight. Some of its high-profile deals include the $314.5 million investment in China's e-commerce giant Alibaba Group Holding Ltd since 2011 as well as the joint venture it formed last year with China's largest residential developer Vanke Co Ltd to invest a total of $250 million in the Chinese real estate market. Instead of looking at the short-term movements in the equities and foreign exchange markets, the fund focuses on the larger trends, including the shift of the Chinese economy away from the inefficient industries to the more productive private and service sectors, he said. By 2040, the expectation is that China will represent somewhere between 25 to 30 percent of the global GDP. Anything that is essentially attached to the Chinese consumers, directly or indirectly, is of interest for us. So the more long-term institutional investors with deep experience that are able to participate freely in the market, the less volatility and the greater degree of rationality that will be in the market.
It is because as investors are coming in and out, selling and buying, we keep our eyes focused on the horizon, which will allow us to find deep value.
I think in many respects, we have an easier time managing our portfolio than either a private asset management firm that has many different clients with many different needs or a sovereign wealth fund where it is often not clear who the client is. To focus on his core business, the Chinese entrepreneur gave up a couple of businesses and as a result is now the world leader in three chemical compounds. The hosting efforts continued and more attention was paid to anti-terror and other affairs," he said. Many Chinese prefer holding high-end bags in their hands after purchasing them," he said, adding that another bad habit is carrying large amounts of money to pay by cash.
Where we're trying to develop is through the community, where lots of events are organized," he said.
Goff has also tried launching a magazine, plus holding a literary award and running a press.
In previous sessions, Peter Hessler, Benjamin Zephaniah, Howard Goldblatt as well as home authors Mo Yan, Yan Lianke and Bi Feiyu were festival speakers. He said many of the writers from outside of China have arrived "with their own educational purposes". They are engaging in wider discussions over the years with topics like environmental awareness, a sense of self, of belonging and of social justice," he added.
At that time he "caught the China bug", and was "struck by how dynamic China was as it was going through a period of such frenetic change" he wrote in a column in China Daily in 2015.
Many energy healers incorporate their energy healing training into practices such as massage therapy or acupressure. If your energy healing curriculum is part of a massage therapy program, you can expect to spend anywhere from 400 to 1,000 hours completing your training.
Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, UNIFESP (Federal University of SA?o Paulo, Brazil), Av Rouxinol, 1041 cj.
The eldest sibling, Ai-ling, was married to Kung Hsiang-hsi (1881-1967), the richest man in China in the early 1900s. Ai-ling and Mei-ling later moved to New York where they spent their last days while Ching-ling died in Beijing. It is believed that Mei-ling, who was later known as Madame Chiang, had contributed to the design.
Their spirits in heaven must be consoled now, seeing this exhibition taking place," she added. Portraits taken by Pang (clockwise from bottom left): Actors Ge You and Jiang Wen, actress Zhang Ziyi, Olympic diver Guo Jingjing, and tenors Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras.
For instance, he shot Zhang as she rested during a break from making Purple Butterfly in 2003.
The latest GWI figures also show that since the emergence of WeChat in 2011, 64 percent of Chinese internet users across all adult age groups now use the service - and numbers are even higher (68 percent) for those from the ages of 25 to 44. After launching his Weibo account in 2010, a mix of traditional fashion reviews and images, he switched to celebrity style and quickly gained a huge following. Second, I can enjoy the freedom without being recognised when I go out to play ball and go shopping.
Named to the Business of Fashion 500 list, he works across various platforms collaborating with top brands including Chanel, Christian Dior, Uniqlo and H&M.
As his fame increased with a 2009 photo by American fashion blogger Scott Schuman aka The Sartorialist, he moved into TV hosting. You know, when Armani's show finishes, many people need to take a taxi and it's not easy to catch one. He photographs fashion shows and has shot for Vogue Latin America, L'Officiel, Luisa Via Roma, Farfetch, KTZ and others.
And when I was a teacher, I had a huge student base, with some classes consisting of 500 students. In 2007, she started her Sina blog and in 2011 opened her WeChat public account-the Shiliupo Report, featuring style news, dressing tips and Hollywood gossip.
Already, Ethiopia and Rwanda are beneficiaries of light factories dealing in leather and textiles. The grant is a lot of money and for it to be spent in three years, the absorptive capacity needs to be thoroughly worked on. The great number of patients they treat provides Chinese doctors, those in big hospitals in particular, with more than enough opportunities to accumulate clinical experience, but China is not the right place for doctors wanting to make a lot of money, Liu said. To save the life of the patient, Liu proposed that the family directly contact the producer to get the material and they did so. He needs to train someone who is as skillful as he is and as dedicated to the work as he is to take over from him. We look at opportunities in sectors related to the growing middle class and the growing consumer demand driven by the private sector as opposed to the State-owned sector.
We want to make sure that we understand the risks and we are able to get compensated appropriately.
But you also have a population in terms of structure that is going to be disproportionally old as a result of the one-child policy. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ 2016-17 Occupational Outlook Handbook, the median national annual salary for massage therapists is $37,180. Ultimately, though, energy healing training can help you facilitate wellness in patients using calming, non-invasive, drug-free methods. This bridal look, complete with a white headscarf fastened with a hair clasp, was widely copied at the time, as evidenced by vintage photographs showing a number of celebrities donning similar gowns.
He tells them to wear what makes them comfortable, "to be who they are in daily life and be natural, very simple". From the spotlight-shy to the front-row darlings, read on for our rare interviews with six of the most game-changing forces in China's modern fashion world. Her WeChat platform (inspired by the Hollywood film Confessions of a Shopaholic) was named The Most Influential WeChat Public Account in 2015 by Chinese media. He writes columns for a variety of Chinese fashion publications, including Elle and Cosmopolitan. I don't need to worry about people judging my outfits, saying, "How can he, the fashion blogger, dress like that?!" Of course, when attending fashion events, friends in the circle all know me - and that's enough. On his Weibo account, he has worked with many major brands including Chanel, YSL, Lanc?me, Sony and Adidas.
Basically, I cover three to eight shows every day, which means going to so many different places, shooting loads of photos and posting tons of blog posts, all within a short time frame.
Japan delocalized to China and now they have to do the same to sustain their competitive streak," he says.
While he was not infected by the virus, several of his colleagues were not so lucky and they are still suffering from the sequelae after they were infected at that time. We don't focus on what happens to the Shanghai Stock Exchange on Wednesday or what currency markets do on Thursday. The challenge for us is how we take this 4.3 percent and get something closer to 25 percent. It also involves being incredibly diligent when we decide to make any individual investment, whether it is a piece of real estate or in a PE company. I think my philosophy is that taking risk is part of the job and part of constructing a good portfolio.
Actual salaries may vary greatly based on specialization within the field, location, years of experience and a variety of other factors.
There is a need for large-scale longitudinal data on treatment utilization and outcomes, stress, emotion, and pain.
Or "How should fat women best style themselves?" I don't have these problems, so I try to figure them out through interviews or research. Chrison has developed long-term collaborations with some of the biggest fashion brands, including Louis Vuitton, Gucci, Chanel, Dior and Valentino. Despite receiving numerous awards, she refuses to collect them in person, preferring to remain out of the spotlight; she also doesn't show her face on public platforms. Despite the fact that it is common for the dangerous operation to fail and the patient's family had signed a consent form for the operation exempting the surgeon from responsibility if the operation was not successful, the family accused Liu of collaboration with the medical material producer. The job of getting more capital into the market is one of the most important strategic issues that we have. What defines what we do at the CPPIB is constant learning and refinement of the processes and our knowledge.
Liu said that although he had no connection with the producer, in the end, the hospital paid the patient's family compensation. Randomized long-term trial of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type-1 diabetes.
We still didn't know each other, but I went up to shake hands with him, saying "Thank you!" He must have thought I was crazy. Patients are recruited from web sites for patient advocacy and health enhancement programs. Therefore this long-term study was undertaken to assess the efficacy, safety and acceptability of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type 1 diabetic patients. Methods: In this 2-year randomized clinical parallel design study, 24 patients with type 1 diabetes were enrolled and divided in 2 groups. PRs used to ask why, but after some time they learned it's my habit and they don't push it. Group I (n=12) received usual care (ie, diet, exercise, and insulin), and group II (n=12) received 500 mL camel milk in addition to diet, exercise, and insulin. Previous studies have found that between 30% and 60% of pediatric neurology patients have used CAM at some point in their lives. Whereas, the effect of vitamin C on conventional photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumor cells has been documented, the mechanism of vitamin C induced increase in tumor cell response to PDT is unclear.
In this report we demonstrate the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 significantly increases its apoptotic activity in tumor cells. Interestingly, we observed that the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 only and not its addition to a prior photo-exposed mixture to MC540 is critical for its enhanced sensitivity. These findings provide impetus to the approach in developing ROS generating small molecule compounds with potent apoptosis inducing activity.


These data could have implications in the use of vitamin C in photo-sensitizer-mediated reactions with the view to favorably tailoring the cancer cell milieu for efficient apoptotic execution. Many patients are still not discussing their CAM use with their doctors and are using CAM alongside their conventional medicines, thereby increasing the likelihood for potential interactions. One limitation of this study is that our ability to determine between-site differences is limited by the difference in sample size. Electrodermal measures as clinical markers: Jing-point electrical impedance in adolescent women with chronic pelvic pain.
Consequently, skin electrical measures at Jing points are commonly obtained and interpreted for diagnostic purposes. Denise Adams, University of Alberta, 1047 RTF Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E1, Canada. The objective of this study is to determine whether electrodermal measures at Jing-points are associated with clinical outcomes in adolescents with chronic pelvic pain in a randomized, sham-controlled acupuncture trial.
Methods: We recruited 18 adolescent women aged 13 to 22 years of age suffering from chronic pelvic pain and laparoscopically diagnosed with Stage I-III endometriosis. Using a Hibiki-7 device, normalized electrical impedance values were obtained at all 24 Jing-points for each treatment session. Phase II: CAM research networks in Canada and the US will notify CAM providers of this study, so they may alert patients. Left-right asymmetry and measures for statistical dispersion (standard deviation and Gini coefficient) of Jing-point impedance values were calculated.
Parents or legal guardians may self-identify and reply on behalf of patients under 18 year of age if they meet the criteria for Phase I.
With a generalized estimating equation method, we evaluated the association between the electrodermal-derived measures and clinical outcomes while accounting for treatment designation and time. Phase III: The methods for phase II were utilized but CAM associations and training organizations were substituted for CAM research networks. The majority of the cases involved the use of Traditional Chinese Medicine to improve quality of life. Preliminary analyses indicate that, over time, subjects in the active acupuncture arm were more likely to have reduced left-right asymmetry and statistical dispersion of Jing-point measures compared to subjects in the sham-control arm.
Further analyses with multivariable models will be performed to assess whether this difference is statistically significant for each electrodermal measure. The chiropractic care of children with otitis media: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation and meta-synthesis. Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 N Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063.
Key words were otitis media and related words (ie, acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, ear infections, etc) AND chiropractic. A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with a meta-synthesis of the literature with a focus on chiropractic management and the application of a whole systems research (WSR) evaluation. Results: Our systematic review revealed 20 articles consisting of 6 case reports, 5 case series, 1 retrospective cohort, 2 prospective cohorts, 2 reviews of the literature, 2 commentaries, 1 survey study and 1 prospective, parallel-group, observer-blinded, randomized feasibility study. Due to the lack of higher-level research design, a meta-analysis of the literature was not possible.
This included the use of otoscopy and tympanogram to provide objective pretreatment and comparative outcome measures. Eighty-nine percent of respondents reported treating pediatric patients; patients under the age of 17 made up 12% of chiropractic and 20% of both naturopathic and osteopathic patients.
Activator, Gonstead, Toftness, Chiropractic Biophysics, and Diversified Techniques were utilized with an emphasis on the upper cervical spine (the C1 or C2 vertebral bodies). Approximately two-thirds of both osteopaths and naturopaths disagree or strongly disagree that immunizations are safe compared to one-third of chiropractors.
One paper described utilization of cranial technique, 2 papers described a dietary intervention, and 2 papers utilized soft-tissue massage to augment spinal manipulative therapy. Fifteen studies were amenable to the WSR evaluation resulting in a score of 7.06 from a maximum of 11.
The immunizations of most concern to the 3 professions included MMR, varicella, influenza, DPTP, and hepatitis.
The most common reasons for concern were related to safety, including that vaccines may contain dangerous ingredients, may produce side effects, and may be linked to future problems such as neurological damage. Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the need for more higher-level research designs in addition to incorporating new methodologies (ie, whole systems research) reflective of the holistic and vitalistic clinical and theoretical framework of chiropractic.
The chiropractic care of children with enuresis: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation.
Significantly more naturopaths advised parents against vaccinations (27%), compared to 10% of chiropractors, and 12% of osteopaths (P=.0002).
Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 North Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063. There was no significant difference between groups for those advising parents in favor of vaccinations (15% C, 14% N, 6% O) (P=.1143).
Key words were enuresis, nocturnal enuresis, bedwetting as well as related words AND chiropractic.
A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with an evaluation using WSR evaluation. Results: Our systematic review revealed 7 articles meeting the eligibility criteria for review.
Four of the 7 papers involve case reports describing the care of children aged 8 to 14 years with primary complaints of nocturnal enuresis. Spinal manipulative therapy involved the use of Toggle recoil, Sacro-Occipital Technique, Activator Methods, Gonstead Technique, and Diversified Technique to address primarily segmental dysfunctions in the lumbosacral spine. We conducted a systematic review to assess the nature and severity of adverse events associated with pediatric acupuncture. A large prospective cohort study (N=171) demonstrated improvement in wet nights per week from baseline following 2 weeks of care.
In a randomized clinical trial, within-group comparison of pretreatment and comparative rates of enuresis subjects demonstrated an improvement. However, the study was fraught with research design issues such as randomization and biostatistics. Six of the 7 studies were amenable to WSR evaluation and resulted in a scoring of 7.33 from a maximum possible score of 11 points. One reviewer screened all articles, while the second reviewed all excluded articles to ensure that no article was inappropriately excluded.
Full articles of potentially relevant references were retrieved and assessed by two independent reviewers. The use of Whole Systems Research provides promise in contributing to evidence-based practice and reflects the holistic and vitalistic chiropractic approach to patient care. Results: Seven thousand, two hundred sixty-two potentially relevant articles were identified. Eleven of these studies included adults as the majority of patients; for these studies the age of the patient experiencing the adverse event was never reported. Most of the adverse events that have been identified in children were mild and included pain, bruising, and worsening of symptoms.
The few adverse events rated as moderate or serious included one pneumothorax, 2 infections, and 2 cases of complications from needles left in the body. Methods: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Life University (Atlanta, Georgia). A 26-item questionnaire was sent to 9000 subscribers of an online newsletter from Midwifery Today Magazine.
The first domain identified demographics (midwife credentials, age, years in practice, and place of practice). The second domain queried participants regarding their formal and postgraduate training on the subject of chiropractic. The third domain attempted to identify their experience (ie, positive or negative experience) with chiropractic personally and professionally as it pertains to pregnancy and infant care. The fourth domain asked their opinion about the safety of chiropractic care for pregnant and pediatric patients. The fifth domain surveyed their knowledge regarding the scope of practice of chiropractic for pregnant and pediatric patients.
The respondent ranged in age from 41 to 50 years with practice experience ranging from 6 to 10 years. With respect to their training on chiropractic, 31% (n=57) reported receiving formal education (ie, during midwifery education) on the subject of chiropractic. Fifty-five of the 157 who did not indicated receiving some education on chiropractic through continuing education seminars.
With respect to the midwife responders’ experience with chiropractic, 95% (n=176) admitted to making a professional referral to a chiropractor with 73% (n=137) having referred an infant to a chiropractor. Ninety-two percent (n=171) reported being chiropractic patients with another 58% (n=124) presenting their child for chiropractic care.
Over 90% indicated experiencing a positive experience as patients and with their child’s care.
All of the respondents perceived chiropractic was safe for pregnant patients, while only 97% considered chiropractic safe for children. An overwhelming majority of the responders (98%) indicated that chiropractors work with birth professionals, while 92% indicated that they were knowledgeable about the role of chiropractic in prenatal care. Lastly, 75% indicated interest in learning more about chiropractic, with 86% wanting more evidence-based practice chiropractic. From the 809 articles reviewed, 18 articles met the full inclusion criteria and proceeded to data extraction. Identified adverse events include local pain or soreness, swelling, mild fevers, and skin rashes. Thus far, the majority of adverse events reported have been mild with few moderate or serious adverse events occurring in pediatric patients. Total weight and body composition changes in response to weight reduction diets of varied protein content in midlife women.
Age-related changes in body composition for women include loss of lean mass and gains in total weight, fat mass and central fat deposition. There is growing evidence that diets with low-to-moderate carbohydrate and fat content and increased levels of high-quality protein are effective for weight loss. Greater subjective satiety is reported by subjects following test meals containing whey protein compared to other protein sources. The beneficial effects of whey protein on satiety, thermogenesis, and lean body mass protection suggest that whey may be a preferred protein source for weight loss treatment. The specific aims of this study are to assess weight loss in subjects receiving energy-reduced dietary regimens and to evaluate parameters of weight and body mass change between the 3 treatment groups.
Study Design: We are conducting a randomized, controlled pilot feeding study to evaluate the effect of different dietary protein sources on weight loss.
Endpoint measures include body weight and body composition data obtained at baseline and at 8 weeks for dietary treatment. The HP diet and the WP diet produced greater total fat loss and less total lean tissue loss than the CD. Conclusions: Preliminary data shows that across treatment groups, the high-protein diets conserved lean tissue and promoted reduction of fat tissue. Trials investigating TCM must be conducted with increased methodological rigor to be of value in evaluations. The single included study suggesting that acupuncture may be safe and efficacious in CFS is limited in applicability by the use of sham acupuncture as the control. Integration and interface between naturopaths and conventional rural care: empirical findings from a grass-roots research project.
The worsening epidemic of DM in the United States, along with the increasing prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, and IGT, render the identification of promising interventions for these states a matter of some urgency.
Jon Adams, University of Queensland, School of Population Health ,University of Qld, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia.
While lifestyle interventions based on dietary pattern and physical activity can delay or prevent the onset of diabetes and reduce cardiovascular risk, adherence at the population level is severely limiting.
Pharmacotherapy offers promise for diabetes prevention, but with associated high costs, unacceptability to many patients, and potential toxicity.
In this context, the potential role of chromium (Cr), an insulin cofactor, in IGT is of great interest. Proposed, therefore, is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial conducted at the Yale Prevention Research Center to investigate the effects of daily Cr for 6 months at 2 dose levels on serum measures of glucose tolerance and on endothelial function in adults with IGT, IFG, and IR. The study is powered to detect a clinically meaningful effect of Cr supplementation at either dose on glucose control, and to compare the two doses for equivalence. The study will investigate effects of Cr on both measures of glucose tolerance (glucose, insulin, OGTT) and brachial artery endothelial function, thus combining serum measures with a physiologic test of Cr effects on the vasculature. The proposed study will generate much needed data regarding the efficacy of Cr in those at risk for type 2 diabetes and offers the promise of guiding practice, as well as directing future study. By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the United States today. Risk to human subjects in this study is a minor increment over minimal due to the administration of nitroglycerin as a control in BARS testing. Secondary outcomes: (4) It will show improved well-being, as measured by elevated melatonin and DHEA.
Unlike many relaxation therapies, energy healing requires no participation by the patient, a feature that makes it particularly attractive in the hospital setting, where patients are often anxious, depressed, in pain, or sedated. Despite the increasing use of energy healing, few studies have looked at its benefits and even fewer at its underlying mechanisms of action. In this pilot study, we examined the effects of an energy healing modality known as Reiki on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, both of which participate in the stress response and stress-induced pain and disease progression. Subjects rested for 10 min before baseline heart rate and blood pressure were measured and blood was drawn to determine cortisol, ACTH, and DHEA levels, using commercial immunoassay kits.
Subjects then received a 30- to 45-min Reiki or Pretend Reiki session followed immediately by post-session heart rate and blood pressure measurements and at 2h by blood draws.
When asked whether they thought they were in the Reiki or Pretend Reiki group, about 70% of the participants reported that they believed that they had received a true Reiki session. This suggests that the beneficial effects of Reiki on physiology, as compared to the Pretend Reiki, cannot be explained solely by the placebo effect.
Issac Amponsah, Faculty of Pharmacy Kwame Nkrumah University of SC, Knust, Kumasi, 233, Ghana. Effects of ultra-low dilutions of sabal serrulata on human prostate cancer growth: mechanistic studies.
Hakima Amri, Georgetown University, Basic Science Bldg, 3900 Reservoir Rd NW, Washington, DC 20007.
Finally, serum protein differential expression was carried out using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry analysis.
Effect of mind-body medicine skills on elements of emotional intelligence in medical students. Yet studies have reported that traits such as altruism and empathy tend to decline throughout medical school training.
In an effort to foster medical student self-awareness and mindfulness, which may improve their EI, Georgetown University School of Medicine (GUSOM) offers an experiential course to undergraduate medical students in mind-body medicine skills. The purpose is to expose students to a variety of mind-body approaches including meditation, imagery, as well as group sharing and listening generously for self-awareness and reflection. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the Mind Body Medicine Skills (MBS) course on perceived stress, mindfulness, and elements of EI including intrapersonal capacities (attention to feelings, mood repair, clarity of feelings) and interpersonal capacities (perspective-taking, empathetic concern, and personal distress in response to distress in others). The intervention group (n=30) was comprised of first year medical students who self-selected to participate in this elective.
The control group (n=36) included students from the first year class who completed the surveys but did not take the MBS course.
Four questionnaires were completed at the start and end of the spring semester by all study participants: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and a survey of EI developed by Stratton et al (2005) comprised of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index. ANCOVA was used to compare the MBS and the control groups at the end of the semester, controlling for beginning scores. Patient perspectives of integrative and primary care management of back and neck paina€”qualitative findings from a randomized clinical trial.
These conditions are additionally some of the most common reasons why patients use complementary therapies, often without dialogue with conventional care providers.
The focus groups were conducted separately for those in the integrative vs the conventional treatment groups. The interview data were transcribed ad verbatim and analyzed utilizing inductive content analysis technique. Eliane Angst, UCLA Center for Excellence in Pancreatic Diseases, 675 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095. A significant reduction in cell numbers was seen with quercetin concentrations of ~30 AµM and a maximum effect at ~75 AµM.
In MIA PaCa-2 cells a ~65% reduction in cell number was seen with 75 AµM of quercetin after 48 hours. Starved BxPC-3 cells treated with 75 AµM quercetin showed a ~95% reduction in cell number after 48 hours. Conclusion: These results suggest that quercetin has a potent growth-inhibitory effect in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. Additional experiments to investigate the underlying mechanism of growth inhibition and animal studies are underway. Flovanoids may reveal to be potent anticancer drugs found in our daily food, leading to specific diet recommendations. These can be taken together to qualify as an academic minor in many of the conventional MA or PhD programs, often forming the basis of a thesis or dissertation required for the terminal degree.
In the fall of 2009, the university will launch a doctorate of nursing practice with a focus in integrative health and healing.
Georgetown University developed a concentration of CAM within its Masters in Physiology program in 2003. We address the multicultural perspective, comparing data collected in Canada and Europe to those in the United States.
The reason for this is that results on the health-promoting effects of spirituality and religiosity cannot easily be transferred from the United States to countries with different cultural and religious backgrounds.
Thus, one has to recognize different concepts of spirituality, different attitudes towards its utilization, and objections against the implementation of it in a particular medical system. In Germany, 3 colleagues have founded the Transdisciplinary Working Group on Spirituality and Health, and in Canada the Canadian Research Network on Spirituality and Health has been active for a couple of years. Data and approaches from these different networks will be combined into this symposium.Dr BA?ssing is an associate professor at the University of Witten, Herdeckea€™s Faculty of Medicine, where he directs the research group Spirituality and Health. The effect of a€?acupuncture for losing weighta€? on the level of blood sugar: a survey on the mechanism.
Hoda Azizi, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Beijing, Beijing, 100029, China.
Material and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 66 patients were included in case and control groups.
Blood sugar was examined just before inserting needles and immediately after withdrawal of needles. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the mechanism of acupuncture in losing weight is significantly related to making an increase in BS.
John Balletto, Center for Muscular Therapy, Inc, 545 Pawtucket Avenue, Mailbox 304, Pawtucket, RI 02860-6046. As with business startups that begin informally and successfully mature into larger enterprises, growth brings new organizational challenges, together with greater visibility and opportunity.
The maturation of massage as a healthcare profession increases the need for a process to formalize the synthesis of massage therapy knowledge from clinical experience and research—to collect what we know and to make such baseline knowledge widely available to practitioners, consumers, and other healthcare stakeholders. The present paper lays out the motivations and framework for creating massage therapy guidelines that are informed both by research and by clinical experience. It also acts as a report to the massage therapy profession and to other stakeholders about the work of the Best Practices Committee of the Massage Therapy Foundation since 2006. And it has the additional goal of providing a healthcare literature basis for future academic discussions of massage. The discussion here is based on a definition from the Institute of Medicine and on research into the nature of expertise. Topics addressed include guideline creation, credentialing of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, definition of competence, and the increasing role of technology (that is, informatics) in managing training and task-necessary competencies. The roles of transparency and a wide and open peer review are emphasized as essential to the usability and credibility of guidelines. Health Canada issues consumer advisories regarding the safety of marketed health products, yet the criteria for issuing advisories have not been evaluated for consistency or objectivity. The Causality Algorithm used by Health Canada was used to rate degree of association between the adverse events (AEs) and the products. The Severity of Adverse Events Scale, developed by the National Cancer Institute, was used to determine the severity of the AEs. Most NHP AWRs were issued based on potential AEs from contamination and adulteration, whereas most of the AWRs for therapeutic drugs were issued due to actual AEs. Of the 6 NHP AWRs issued for actual AEs, 3 (50%) were unassessable for severity, whereas of the 28 AWRs issued for actual therapeutic drug AEs, 1 (3%) was unassessable for severity. The origin of reports for NHPs tended to be from foreign sources or Health Canada, whereas reports for therapeutic drugs were mostly issued by Health Canada in conjunction with drug manufacturers. The potential of a mistletoe (Viscum album L) extract to alleviate adverse effects of cancer chemotherapy: an in vitro study. Stephan Baumgartner, University of Bern, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, Inselspital, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. We investigated the effect of a mistletoe extract on PBMC with and without concomitant treatment with cyclophosphamide and compared viability and replication of normal PBMC with that of a T-cell leukemia cell line. The results motivate further preclinical and clinical investigations of mistletoe extracts as an adjuvant medication in cancer therapy to alleviate side effects of conventional therapy. Stephan Baumgartner, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Inselspital, Imhoof-Pavillon, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland.
We investigated the potential of a commonly used plant pathogen–system, Arabidopsis thaliana infected with the virulent bacteria Pseudomonas syringae (pv tomato strain DC3000), regarding its response towards a homeopathic treatment.
Compared to Bion (a common SAR inducer used as positive control), the magnitude of the treatment effect of Biplantol was about 50%. None of the other tested preparations yielded significant effects in the overall evaluation. The purpose of this study was to determine remedy effects on a common quantitative measure of complexity, the correlation dimension (D2), of human sleep electroencephalography (EEG). High Hostile subjects increased complexity at C3 and Pz, but decreased complexity at O2 during stage 3 sleep on CC.
In the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects, CC caused significant increases in complexity at Pz and O1 during stage 3 sleep and at C3, C4, and Pz during stage 4 sleep. CC increased complexity significantly at Cz, C4, and O2 during REM sleep in only the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not the objective measure of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings can distinguish verum homeopathic remedies from placebo in human subjects. NV produced more marked effects on increased shifts in sleep stages, with a growth in effects from night 22 to 23. This study examined the effects of olfactory administration of a polycrest homeopathic remedy Sulphur on heart rate variability (HRV). The Sulphur was given at dilution factors used for preparing 6c, 12c, and 30c potencies (1 potency per session, with potency order randomized), but for each potency, the test solutions were succussed to different degrees (stirred without shaking, 10, 20, or 100 succussions). Homeopathic remedies increase spectral electroencephalographic power during sleep in healthy young adults. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of verum vs placebo homeopathic remedies on spectral qEEG measures of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings. Evaluating a nonlinear dynamical model for human flourishing: Relationship of PANAS positive-to-negative-affect ratio and global health and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to compare global physical health (GPH) and well-being ratings of young adults whose P:N mood ratios fell above vs below the Losada line. Despite higher (MCSD) scores in PF, a small sex and age difference between groups, ANCOVAs controlling for MCSD, sex, and age still showed statistical significance of the above PF vs PL group differences.
Gurjeet Birdee, Osher Research Center Harvard Medical School, 401 Park Drive, Suite 22-A West, Boston, MA 02215.
We identified the prevalence of CAM modalities used and the characteristics of users among the pediatric population.



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