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As their name says, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) refer to illnesses that are usually transmitted through sexual contact. Generally speaking, not all illnesses that can be transmitted through sexual contact are classified as STDs. Viral STDs are caused by viruses and are the most notorious category, including HIV, Viral hepatitis (B or C), Herpes (oral or genital), HPV or Molluscum contagiosum. Primarily, STDs are being transmitted through the exchange of saliva, venereal fluids, skin or mucosal contact; however, sweat, urine and feces can also transmit such infections. In cases such as herpes, the infection becomes much more contagious once it has developed in a disease – since the blisters ease the body fluid exchange. While the risk of infection can never be entirely eliminated, when having intercourse with an infected person, it is strongly diminished if safe sex is practiced (mainly through the use of condoms). Because of the use of needles, drug users and medical workers are occasionally considered at high risk of contracting the diseases (through ways other than sexually) and they are recommended to get tested on a regular basis. It is statistically proven that the more sexual partners you have, the more likely you are to contract an STD – especially in the case of random intercourse. Since it is often the case that an infection may be prezent in your body without actually showing symptoms, regular check-ups (especially in the case of an active sexual life that does not include a stable partner) and going for STD testing are very important in preventing and diagnosing STDs. Even in the case of asymptomatic infections, the lack of treatment may in a long time lead to effects like severe chronic pain, infertility and death.
Since, in the case of most STDs, tests do not detect the illness immediately after it has been contracted, it is recommended to continue with the testing even in the case of a break in sexual activity. If you suspect that you might have an STD, you should visit a physician or STD testing clinic immediately.  In all likelihood, there are several STD Test Clinics in your area. While underdeveloped countries have a considerably higher infection rate, STDs continue to cause numerous infections in the entire world. In developing countries, STDs are in the top five most contracted diseases and, even excluding HIV,  are the second most likely cause of disease and death.
Scabies is a dermatological disease caused by a minuscule, yet harmful parasite, known as Sarcoptes scabiei. Another symptom of Scabies is the appearance of rashes in the areas of the body where the skin is attacked by the parasites. If scabies occurs in patients who have a weakened immune system, such as HIV positive patients or elderly people, the symptoms can take a more severe form.
The parasites can transfer mediums very easily, and a short direct contact is sufficient for the infection to be transmitted. Even though scabies is known to be a dermatological disease, many medical treaties classify it as a sexually transmitted disease.
If you fear you may have scabies, you should see your dermatologist right away and get a confirmation of the diagnosis.
If you have developed rashes on your skin, the doctor will examine them in order to see if they are related to scabies or to other parasitical or dermatological conditions.
But, usually, the most efficient way of establishing the diagnosis of scabies is by identifying the live parasites. Going for STD testing might feel embarrassing, but the reality is: if you’re sexually active, you should be taking regular STD tests. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as many as 8 out of 10 infectious diseases in America are sexually transmitted. If you’re sexually active, it’s always a good idea to have routine STD testing.  This is especially advisable if you belong to at-risk populations for STD, such as persons with multiple partners and persons who use intravenous (IV) drugs. Individuals who had sexual contact with someone who is recently tested positive for STD or has a history of STD in the past 12 months. Individuals who had a sexual relationship with a partner but do not know whether the partner is infected. Individuals who had previously share needles or have had sex with someone who uses illegal intravenous drugs. To get STD testing, you have to explicitly request one from your medical professional.  Your doctor would first have to interview you, inquire about your sexual history, conduct a visual inspection, and assess symptoms in order to point you to the correct STD test. As previously mentioned, your physician should be able to direct you to the exact tests that you are looking for. There are also medical laboratories that specialize in anonymous STD testing in every local state. There is, however, a downside to home STD kits – they run the risk of false positives if you’re not careful with how you obtain samples.
If you’re sexually active, it’s important that you take the most important STD tests for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV at least once a year.
In general, STDS are detected by taking samples from the infected area and analyzing them in a laboratory.
How long it takes to get results depend on the type of tests you’ve taken, but in general 48 hours should be enough to get results of a laboratory test. HIV – The most common test for HIV is the application of EIA (enzyme immunoassay) on a blood sample to detect antibodies to HIV. Chlamydia – Testing for Chlamydia can be done by laboratory testing swabs inside the penis or cervix. Genital Warts – Genital are usually diagnosed by through visual inspection, but sometimes scrapings of the warts are examined under a microscope.
Gonorrhea – Gonorrhea can be tested through a urine test to help classify the bacteria in the urethra. Herpes – Herpes can be diagnosed using visual infection during outbreaks, or through laboratory testing of swabs of infected areas. HPV – In women, STD testing for HPV can be conducted using a Pap test, which inspect the cervix for abnormal cells. Syphilis – Syphilis can be tested by analyzing in a laboratory a sample of a Syphilis sore. Trichomoniasis – STD testing for trichomoniasis is done by taking a sample of the discharge from the vagina or the opening of the penis.
Get STD Tested HotlineCall 877-388-4605 For More Information About STD Testing & At-Home STD Test Solutions.
Information provided on this site about STD symptoms is for educational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice on any STIs or health concerns that you may have.

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Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), also known as Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) or Venereal Diseases (VD) are diseases that are passed on from one person to another through sexual contact, and sometimes by genital contact - the infection can be passed on via vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. Some sexually transmitted infections can spread through the use of unsterilized IV drug needles, from mother to baby during childbirth or breastfeeding, and blood transfusions. Microorganisms that exists on the skin or mucus membranes of the male or female genital area can be transmitted, as can organisms in semen, vaginal secretions or blood during sexual intercourse.
The term "venereal disease" is much less used today, while "sexually transmitted diseases" is slowly giving way to "sexually transmitted infections", because the last term has a broader range of meaning - a person can pass on the infection without having a disease (they do not have to be ill to infect other people). The genital areas are generally moist and warm environments - ideal for the proliferation of yeasts, viruses and bacteria. Sexually transmitted infections are more easily passed on during unprotected sex - without using a condom. Some infections can be passed on via sexual contact, but are not classed as sexually transmitted infections, because sexual contact is not the primary vector for the pathogens that cause the infections - an example is meningitis, it can be passed on via sexual contact, but usually people become infected for other reasons. The WHO (World Health Organization) estimated over ten years ago that over 1 million people each day became infected with a sexually transmitted infection - most experts believe the figure is considerably higher today.
There are nearly 3 million reported cases of Chlamydia in the US each year (American Sexual Health Association). According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), 6.8% of girls aged 14 to 19 years have Chlamydia today. Infection rates are very low in rich countries; it is more common in developing nations, especially among commercial sex workers and some low socioeconomic groups.
The average prevalence in the US, UK, Australia, France and Canada is approximately 1 case in every 2 million people. Within one day to two weeks after becoming infected, the patient develops a bump that turns into an ulcer within a day. Chancroid is treated with a seven day course of Erythromycin, a single oral 1 gram dose of Azithromycin, or a single IM dose of Ceftriaxone. The vernacular "crabs" comes from the appearance of the lice, with their crab-like claws and body shape.
Red blisters - these can be painful, especially after they burst and leave ulcers on the external genital area, rectum, thighs and buttocks.
Sources: NIH (National Institutes of Health), CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), WHO (World Health Organization), NHS (National Health Service), American Sexual Health Association, Wikipedia. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:MLANordqvist, Christian. For any corrections of factual information, or to contact our editorial team, please see our contact page.
Please note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional. Some of these diseases can also be picked up in other ways – like through infected needles or unsanitary towels, while some children may inherit them from their mothers.
It is accepted that the term STD refers to illnesses that are primarily transmitted through intercourse – for example, meningitis, although possibly transmissible this way, is not considered an STD for the simple reason that this happens in a very small number of cases. While some diseases are more easily transmissible than others, most of them are contagious enough to make it highly likely to get infected in the case of having unprotected sex with an infected person. However, illnesses like HIV and HPV are just as likely to be transmissible, whether or not the infection has evolved. However, since skin contact and exchange of other body fluids (like saliva) is quite likely through intercourse (not to mention the occasional condom break cases), the condom is still not a fool proof method. One can avoid contracting an STD if one pays special attention to the people they get involved with. As is in the case of many other illnesses, STDs have a higher curing chance if caught early.
Some clinics even offer low-cost or free testing, based on income.  And if the thought of visiting an STD Test Clinic is scary and potentially embarrassing, there are also STD home test kits available for purchase. It is estimated that 340 million new cases of chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis occured in 1999 (1 in 20 people in the world was newly infected with one of these diseases), with a considerable proportion of those happening in the African countries and Southeast Asia. The sad part is that, in most cases, prevention and early diagnosis of STDs through STD testing are easy processes and not at all expensive, but they do not occur due to ignorance and negligence. These parasites live under the skin of the human or animal carrier, causing severe itchiness. Many patients have reported that the itching tends to aggravate at nighttime, but there is no medical proof to sustain this claim. These persons will develop rashes on a larger surface of the body and they will be usually covered by a crust. The chances of getting infected through sexual contact are so high, that the disease can indeed be regarded as an STD. A specific test used in the diagnosis of scabies is the one which implies the application of a special solution on the affected area.
The doctor will use an instrument with a magnifying lens, knows as dermatoscope, which will help him observe the presence of the parasites. For example, permethrin is a substance known to successfully cure scabies, as well as other parasitical infections. These are medications which usually fight against the symptoms of allergies, but are also efficient in diminishing the discomfort caused by scabies. The United States has an alarmingly 50-100% higher rate of STDs than any industrialized country, or around 12,000 reported cases a year. The report estimated that there are around 340 million cases of syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis all over the world in 1999. In 2009, it is estimated that around 35 million people are living with the disease, with as many as around 3 million getting infected per year.
As soon as you suspect that you have contracted a sexually transmitted infection, consult your health care professional. This implies that even if your general physician gives you a clean bill of health, you’re not necessarily free from sexually transmitted disease. The main advantage of going for anonymous testing is that your lab tests results are 100% private and will not appear on either your medical records or insurance records.

To be certain, always confirm with a clinic-conducted STD test any positives you get from a home testing kit.
To be able to get the right one, visit your doctor and tell him or her your sexual history and the symptoms you’ve been experiencing. Syphilis, for example, is detected by swabbing a Syphilis sore with cotton and sending the sample to a laboratory technician. A laboratory technician can look for natural antibodies against known bacteria and viruses that cause sexually-transmitted diseases. Most testing involves taking samples and viewing them under a microscope to see if infectious bacteria, virus or protozoa exists in the sample.
If warts reappear, a doctor may recommend that the patient take a biopsy to rule out cancer.
There are also HPV tests that can be conducted on samples from the cervical canal, but this is only used for women under 30 years old.
Trichomoniasis, however, tends to be under-diagnosed in men because current tests are not yet sensitive enough to detect the condition, as males tend to manifest milder symptoms than women. The majority of these new infections occur in young adults aged up to 25 years, while approximately one third occur among individuals younger than 20 years of age.
A bacterial infection caused by fastidious Gram-negative streptobacillus Haemophilus ducreyi, and is characterized by painful sores on the genitalia. A significant number of infected individuals never show any symptoms and do not know about their herpes status. On the final page we look at the best ways to prevent getting a sexually transmitted infection. It is generally assumed that an STD is an illness that may be transmissible in ways other than sexually, but in most cases it is likely that it was contracted through sexual contact.
Although in most cases penetrative sex is the most contagious option, diseases can also be transmitted through oral sex; sometimes direct skin contact is sufficient to get an STD. Unfortunately, since there is no procedure that is capable of detecting all possible STDs, one needs to either test for all of them regularly or pay special attention to all possible symptoms, to know what to test for. Do make sure to use a reputable provider.  You can call one of our STD counselors for more information on STD testing.
The disease is extremely contagious, it is common all around the world and it can affect anybody at some poit. Scientists have deemed this affirmation to be related to the increased sensitivity of the patient towards the sensation of itching caused by the state of inactivity and the lack of elements which may distract the attention of the patient. In the past, these symptoms were thought to be caused by a different infection, which was referred to as Norwegian Scabies. When exposed to a special light, this solution will reveal any marks left by the parasites along the skin. This substance is the active ingredient in many creams which require application on the affected areas. Once you start the treatment, you will need to discard of all the bed sheets and clothes you have used during the infection, because the parasites may still be present there, putting you at the risk of re-infection. It is estimated that 1 out 4 members of the general American population will be affected by an STD at some point in their life.
The good news is: as access to antiretroviral drugs improve, the rate of mortality from HIV-AIDS lowers.
This is because some STDs don’t have symptoms and some STDs have symptoms that can be easily mistaken for other infections.
In fact, STDs are only detected during general medical checkups when observable symptoms are present.
Aside from your doctor, you can also inquire from your local health department for STD testing. Instead, home STD kits allow patients to get necessary urine or swab samples for testing which they have to send to a medical laboratory to be analyzed. It might be embarrassing, but with this information your doctor can give you recommendations on how you can go about your STD testing. STD tests that you can take only when you suspect you’ve been exposed to them include tests for trichomoniasis, genital herpes, Hepatitis B, chancroid, and bacterial vaginosis. Sometimes, a culture of the bacteria, virus or protozoa has to be first made to determine whether or not a person is positive for STD. Tests that take longer are culture tests, where the lab technician has to grow organisms in the sample to be able to analyze results.
There’s no HPV test available for men at present; the condition is diagnosed in men through visual inspection or biopsy of genital warts.
Globally, girls aged 14 to 19 are almost twice as susceptible to STIs than boys of the same age. Chlamydia is the most common infectious cause of genital and eye diseases globally - it is also the leading bacterial STI.
The ulcers typically appear at the groove at the back of the glans penis (coronal sulcus) in uncircumcised males, or the labia minora or fourchette in females. The lice attach to the pubic hair, and may also be sometimes found in the armpits, moustache, beard, eyelashes, and eyebrows. It is not always the case that an infected person displays symptoms, but in most of the cases an infected person does spread the infection.
However, they are still the result of scabies, but the manifestation of the disease is more invasive.
The treatment of scabies can also be based on oral drugs, but this method is usually not recommended because any kind of medication for scabies contains substances meant to kill the parasites. Still, home STD kits allow for certain privacy during the process, and some manufacturers of the kit provide for counseling while the patient waits for results.
If you’re pregnant, it’s important that you take tests for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and bacterial vaginosis as they are risks to be passed to infants upon birth.

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