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The treatment for testicular cancer chosen by you and your doctors will depend highly on the staging values and the pathologist's report.
The cancer types were: 40% seminoma, 20% embryonal carcinoma, 20% yolk sac, and 20% Mature Teratoma. Tests that examine the breasts are used to detect (find) and diagnose breast cancer in men. Male breast anatomy: Anatomy of the male breast showing the nipple, areola, fatty tissue, and ducts. The genes in cells carry the hereditary information that is received from a person’s parents. Men who have a mutated gene related to breast cancer have an increased risk of this disease.
Physical exam and history : An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. Clinical breast exam (CBE): An exam of the breast by a doctor or other health professional. Ultrasound exam: A procedure in which high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) are bounced off internal tissues or organs and make echoes. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): A procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves, and a computer to make a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body. Blood chemistry studies : A procedure in which a blood sample is checked to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body.
Biopsy : The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. Estrogen and progesterone receptor test : A test to measure the amount of estrogen and progesterone (hormones) receptors in cancer tissue.
When cancer forms, the cells may make too much of the protein, causing more cancer cells to grow.
CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles.
Bone scan : A procedure to check if there are rapidly dividing cells, such as cancer cells, in the bone. PET scan (positron emission tomography scan): A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body. Tests that examine the testicles and blood are used to detect (find) and diagnose testicular cancer. These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by testicular cancer or by other conditions. Serum tumor marker test : A procedure in which a sample of blood is examined to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by organs, tissues, or tumor cells in the body. Inguinal orchiectomy: A procedure to remove the entire testicle through an incision in the groin.


Stage of the cancer (whether it is in or near the testicle or has spread to other places in the body, and blood levels of AFP, ?-hCG, and LDH). Testicular cancer can usually be cured in patients who receive adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy after their primary treatment. After testicular cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the testicles or to other parts of the body.
PET scan (positron emission tomography scan): A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body. Abdominal lymph node dissection : A surgical procedure in which lymph nodes in the abdomen are removed and a sample of tissue is checked under a microscope for signs of cancer. In stage 0, abnormal cells are found in the tiny tubules where the sperm cells begin to develop. Oslo University Hospital is a part of Southern and Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority. There was no observed spread of the cancer outside the area of the tumor or to other organs, like the lungs. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer; not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer.
A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken. The doctor will carefully feel the breasts and under the arms for lumps or anything else that seems unusual.
If cancer is found in the breast, tissue from the tumor is checked in the laboratory to find out if there is too much HER2 in the cells. The sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node to receive lymphatic drainage from a tumor. An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body.
The testicles are held within the scrotum by the spermatic cord, which also contains the vas deferens and vessels and nerves of the testicles.
Germ cells within the testicles produce immature sperm that travel through a network of tubules (tiny tubes) and larger tubes into the epididymis (a long coiled tube next to the testicles) where the sperm mature and are stored. A tissue sample from the testicle is then viewed under a microscope to check for cancer cells.
Patients who may wish to have children should consider sperm banking before having treatment. Certain substances are linked to specific types of cancer when found in increased levels in the blood.
Cancer cells break away from where they began (the primary tumor) and travel through the lymph system or blood. The cancer gets into the lymph system, travels through the lymph vessels, and forms a tumor (metastatic tumor) in another part of the body.


The cancer gets into the blood, travels through the blood vessels, and forms a tumor (metastatic tumor) in another part of the body. For example, if testicular cancer spreads to the lung, the cancer cells in the lung are actually testicular cancer cells. Their pluripotent state allows them to self-renew, as well as differentiate, to give a disorganized array of cell and tissue types. AFP was slightly elevated at 15 before the oriectomy, but went down after the testicle was removed.
The test results show whether monoclonal antibody therapy may stop the cancer from growing. EnlargeAnatomy of the male reproductive and urinary systems, showing the testicles, prostate, bladder, and other organs. A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken. For patients with nonseminoma, removing the lymph nodes may help stop the spread of disease. It's important to choose a surgeon who has experience with this kind of surgery.) If cancer is found, the cell type (seminoma or nonseminoma) is determined in order to help plan treatment. Cancer cells in the lymph nodes of seminoma patients can be treated with radiation therapy.
The following 3 tumor markers are used in staging testicular cancer: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (?-hCG).
The TGCTs are histologically classified as seminomas and nonseminomas, both believed to originate from a common precursor known as intratubular germ cell neoplasia.Fortunately, these tumors respond well to cisplatin.
This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography.
More than 95% of all patients and above 80% of patients with metastasis are cured using platinum based chemotherapy.
However, some patients are troubled by side effects and long term toxicities of their treatment and also some tumors do not respond to treatment. A testicular tumor that contains both seminoma and nonseminoma cells is treated as a nonseminoma. Tumor marker levels are measured before inguinal orchiectomy and biopsy, to help diagnose testicular cancer. Tumor marker levels are also measured during follow-up as a way of checking if the cancer has come back.



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