The Department of Computer Science hosts the world-famous computer scientist and inventor of Genetic Algorithms (GA's), Dr. Genalytics Model 6.0 transforms large amounts of transaction data into predictive intelligence and uses genetic algorithms to automatically search and identify key combinations of time series variables found in any dataset. Starting today, past and present IlliGAL lab members and affiliates will team up to blog on genetic algorithms, evolutionary computation, and related subjects.
GECCO, I was re-reading Sam Mahfoud's paper titled "population sizing for Sharing methods". Since niching mechanism is one of the key components of hierarchical and multiobjective genetic algorithms, the population-sizing paper deserves renewed attention. Over a number of years, I've followed research in iGAs and some time ago, I started to collect information about market research and product development with the idea of founding a company to do just that using interactive GA technology.
Scalable Parallel Random Number Generators Library (SPRNG): An RNG library that combines various available random number generators and supports both serial and parallel platforms. Mersenne Twister (MT): An RNG which has a period of 2^19937-1 with an assured 623-dimensional equidistribution property (Thanks to Jaume for pointing me to MT). Experiments showed that a lower mixing rate increases both the population size needed and the convergence time. Business Week article gives an overview of BBN's Boomerang project now fielded in Iraq to protect Allied troops by detecting and locating sniper fire. This story is fine as far as it goes, but as GA afficianadoes well know, the BBN effort was supported by a crack team of card-carrying genetic algorithmists. This year's Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-2005) is 25-29 June 2005 in Washington DC. Those with artistic or creative talent should try their skills at designing the new SIGEVO logo as the competition ends February 7th. Martin Pelikan's book titled "Hierarchical Bayesian Optimization Algorithm: Toward a New Generation of Evolutionary Algorithms" is now available.
More details regarding hBOA and to download the software visit the hBOA page and Martin's webpage.
Lately, I have moved from WEKA to D2K, a data mining framework developed by the Automated Learning Group at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications. We all know that computational complexity of GAs depends primarily on the population size and the number of generations. What I like on using the bisection method is that all parameter tweaking will be done automatically (and thus I don't have to do it myself), because the remaining GA parameters do not influence time complexity as much (mostly by some constant factor and that's not so important when we talk about asymptotic upper bounds). Of course, the above thinking is correct only if larger populations lead to better solutions (given enough generations we should all be able to believe this fact) and if smaller populations do not significantly increase the number of generations (in all cases I studied, any sufficiently large population size lead to about the same number of generations, as can be expected for many variants of evolutionary algorithms based primarily on recombination).
Technology Review article also highlights the history of evolutionary computation a€“ briefly mentioning the work of Holland, Goldberg, Koza, and others. Theory and Applications of Efficient Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms (CS, Feng Chia University, 2004) was ranked number one among all CS dissertations in a national competition held under the auspices of the Institute of Information & Computing Machinery (IICM). Oregon Daily Emerald reports that James Bean, noted operations researcher, genetic algorithmist, and inventor of the random keys technique for permutation and other combinatorial problems, is using genetic algorithms to help develop sustainable automobile technology in his new role as Dean of the Lundquist College of Business. The usage of EDAs can help addressing two major issues in XCS: (1) knowledge extraction and (2) structure identification. Toronto Globe and Mail reports that researchers at Laurentian University are using genetic algorithms to schedule mining of ore deposits.
Science Daily posts a University of Michigan press release entitled Falling Prey to Machines?
According to Holland, the problem with developing artificial intelligence through things like genetic algorithms is that researchers don't yet understand how to define what computer programs should be evolving toward. According to Holland, advances in software have not kept pace with the exponential improvements in hardware processing power, and there are many artificial intelligence problems that cannot be solved by simply performing more calculations. Acovea (analysis of compiler options via evolutionary algorithm) is an open source project which utilizes GAs to tune the optimization flags for GCC to yield the fastest code specifically for your computer.
Another reason for the current situation is that human lifespans are no longer a good match to the turnover in intellectual ideas.
So, it is in this sense, that the acceptance of SIGEVO by ACM couldn't come at a better time, and should be seen as a very positive thing.
Of course, department heads when asked about tenure and promotion will tell you that each case is special and is scrutinized without regard for brand names. It will take some time to know the overall effect, and indeed, joining a large bureaucratic organization like ACM will come with its share of constraints and costs. Sam Williams's recent article "Unnatural Selection" in Technology Review is getting some blog traction. Another script I use very often is a perl wrapper for gnuplot, the plotting program from the GNU project. This script receives as parameters a variable-length number of data files to overlap in the same plot. Don't forget, the new motherboards and processors drain a lot of power, so you need about 1.5 Amps per node. ATA Engineering announced the release of version 1.0 of the Attune package for test-analysis correlation and model updating. In beta testing, a key aerospace customer used Attune to carry out hundreds of real-time correlation iterations during modal testing of a launch vehicle payload, whereas prior to this they were limited to less than a dozen manual correlations a week.
Additional information is available from the Attune product website or the full press release. Finally, a third way of approaching animation synthesis was presented by Torsten Reil, from Natural Motion. However, by abstracting the proposed optimizations on large but abstracted code with a proprietary representation, and then projecting execution time based on resource utilization and resulting code classifications for fitness, their system was able to find speedups in a just a couple of hours with only a 2% drop in speedup from that work using actual execution times.
John Holland's course, Introduction to Adaptive Systems, wondering what all the genetics stuff had to do with adaptive systems.
That experience on my thesis left me with a thirst to better understand genetic algorithms, how they work, and how to make them work better. My 2002 book, The Design of Innovation, tells the long version of this story, but the basic idea of little modeling is to construct models for various effects in isolation (selection alone, crossover alone, mutation alone), and use dimensional analysis to create models for complex phenomena from pairs of simpler models.
More recently, Ali Yassine, Tian-Li Yu, and I have carried the little modeling approach over to organizational theory here.
The Revenant is a beautiful, haunting, and brutal tale of a man's struggle against nature, himself, and his fellow man.
Harmony Black starts with an old premise, there is a normal and magical world, and barely builds on it. Star Wars: The Force Awakens is an okay movie when viewed through the eyes of an adult, but is a fun, entertaining movie if you go in with a twelve year old's mindset. Walter Isaacson has done an admirable job of trying to tackle such a complicated biographical subject.
As has been stated many times, Robert Caro has written a tome that will show you in minute detail how a man manipulated the law, people, and money to obtain, use, and abuse power in quest to reshape NYC.
Providing links to some articles and other resources that I have found useful while in graduate school.
A flawed and deceitful rant against free markets in the guise of an objective analysis about the dynamics of capital. A gorgeously shot film that is hampered by a spartan story that never really goes anywhere and action that becomes repetitive by the end of the first act. This short harkens back to some of the older short stories I used to write that focused on word play. A brilliant science fiction novel that raises many questions and sets up an intriguing universe. Putting up some code that might be useful to others when formatting Goodreads widgets using dynamic class creation in SASS. Earlier this year I created a webpage to list various labs, websites, and other resources related to neuroscience and biotechnology.
The Path to Power (The Years of Lyndon Johnson) is a sweeping tale about the early years of LBJs life and political career.
Recently finished The Power of Myth, which covers interviews with Joseph Campbell about myths, and was greatly disappointed. Below is the current crop of books I'm reading along with ratings and mini-reviews for other novels I've recently finished. A continually updated repository of scientific resources (journals, blogs, etc.) in biology with a focus on neuroscience. The project had started out with a simple question: would it be faster to assemble complete knowledge about all truths past, present, and future through scientific inquiry or via brute force computation? There have been several articles that re-order the medal count ranking by comparing medals to population or GDP, which then show small countries topping the charts. The heights of various buildings in Boston's skyline, converted into polar coordinates and randomly grouped. Some thoughts on coding practices and an outline of a work-flow that i find useful when starting any project. Thought i'd share the wrapper function i use to knit files using the excellent knitr package in R. The first in a series of short stories exploring a universe in which our negative space (i.e. Small script to enable quick randomization of files in a directory and conversion back to original names later. One of my favorite classes at MIT was 4.605 (Global History of Architecture), which explored various styles and themes found throughout different buildings and other types of architecture from the beginning of civilization to the present. Wanted to share my final paper for bioc218, a computational biology class i took this winter 2013.
While teaching bio42 (cell biology and animal physiology) I created weekly notes to help students in my section study and focus on the important materials presented in the class. Made a script to access the facebook api, extract information from our group and parse the data for youtube links.
One can create art with data, many have proven that with beautiful infographics or dazzling company reports. Wanted to expand my use of ggplot in R to analyzing old data from previous projects and see how quickly I could make it look polished given a minimum amount of coding. This particular plot was from my work in the lab of Ian Cheong at Temasek Life Sciences in Singapore.
Bit by bit, I have replaced repetitive tasks completed using downloaded programs with scripts that do the same thing more efficiently, without the residual registry and file junk many programs leave, and with the flexibility to allow me to modify the script to suite specific needs in the future.
Had a couple minutes to spare before leaving lab, so decided to throw together some diagrams to help explain a couple biological pathways students of bio42, a bio class at Stanford I'm TAing. Started a github repository to put online R functions I've create for some common types of analysis and plots. LaTeX Boilerplate is for those starting a project or more experienced users who want an organized structure to their documents. A new organization can 'predict' the future and uses it to get the story first rather than manipulate or prevent horrible events from occurring. Now that I've gotten back in the python groove somewhat, wanted to make a playlist script that recursively went through a folder, found all files in a sub-folder and create a playlist from them. The graphical abstract is an effective way to convey a complex message in an eye pleasing format that is easily digested. Created a small app, implemented in python and PHP, that crawls authenticated Facebook page for Youtube videos and adds them to a specified user's Youtube playlist. Before finishing my adventures in Singapore, I was asked to put together a final report describing my experiences and where the program could improve. Scott Adams recently wrote about citizenship and how the Internet will bring the fall of territory-based national governments, and by extension wars.
Are you a presenter looking to create and maintain a professional appearance while presenting to your audience?
CrystalGraphics is the proud title holder of Presentations magazines "Standing Ovation Award" for the world's best collection of PowerPoint templates. And with over 32,000 PowerPoint templates to choose from, we've got what you need to make your good presentations look their best. With our template subscriptions, you can download as many templates as you want whenever you want them. And we even offer a low priced Template Suite that includes your choice of template subscriptions as well as volumes of charts, diagrams, animated 3D characters and 3D transition effects to add life to your presentations. In his 1623 book The Assayer, Galileo wrote, 'Philosophy is written in this grand book, the universe, which stands continually open to our gaze. Recent articles in this series have described Education 3.0, characterized by new forms of teaching and learning that leave passive listening, pencil, and paper far behind. The ten words and phrases introduced in Parts I and II of this series, should serve as clever reminders to your students that word theft comes in many forms-from outright stealing to unintentional, well, we'll call it borrowing or perhaps, sloppy writing. Turnitin, the plagiarism prevention company has published a white paper entitled The Plagiarism Spectrum: Instructor Insights into the 10 Types of Plagiarism.
Three developments over the last five years are combining to enable forms of teaching and learning that have never before seemed possible. These days, K-12 schools are buying twice the number of tablets as desktop and laptop computers put together. Much of what we know about early Italy come from the Histora Naturalis by Pliny the Elder which was published around 77-79 A.D. Many people groups possess mythological descriptions of their origins, often contained in the form of totems -- ancient heroes, animals, or even plants and trees, from which that group of people emerged at first on earth. According to legend, the king of a small community in Italy ordered his twin sons to be thrown into the Tiber River. Romulus (hence the name a€?Romea€?) forged numerous alliances with neighboring peoples in order to fortify and protect a€?for eternitya€? the city which eventually gained the name, a€?The Eternal City.a€? The time period for this story is not ancient.
They established an absolute monarchy with a Senate, a constitution, and a popular assembly.
It was early Rome and not Athens that was to lay the greatest amount of groundwork for later democracies.
To ensure that a dictatorship or absolute ruler could not emerge, the Republic developed a series of assemblies, assuring that every class within society would have representation.
The Senate, however, endured through the several sacks of Rome by the barbarians, and even functioned under several Germanic emperors. Plebian Council: each of the 35 tribes selected representative to the Council, which passed most laws, and served as a court of appeals. Magistrates: served as judges, overseers of legal affairs, enforces of an early form of habeas corpus (an accused persona€™s right to be heard and not held without sufficient evidence) were selected by the Assembly of the Centuries. Consuls: were elected by the populace annually from among the magistrates, presided over the Senate and the Assemblies, had supreme civil and military powers, were heads of the Roman government, and when outside of Rome commanded an army. Roman society in the Republic developed a hierarchical format, dividing the people into two classes: the patricians (land-owning aristocracy) and plebians (eveyone else -- until slavery developed). As the Republic took on a more military-expansionist quality, success in warfare became connected with advancement in politics.
Rome was originally a land army, but copied the ships of the Carthaginians, who at the time were masters of the Mediterranean Ocean. In addition, Antiochus ordered all Jewish worship to cease, killed those who disobeyed, and profaned the temple by offering pigs on the holy altar. The unrest in Rome due to massive unemployment and the influx of new people led to the rise of radical rivalries. The appointment of Julius Caesar as dictator for life for all practical purposes marked the end of the Republic. Having arrived in Rome Octavian, aided by Marc Antony, then pursued Julius Brutus the assassin of his uncle to Greece, where two battles at Philippi in northern Greece took place, Octavian defeated and killed Brutus.
The three members of the second triumvirate agreed to divide the Republic among themselves -- Octavian took the West, Antony took the East, including Egypt, and Lepidus took Spain and North Africa. Marc Antony, now residing in Egypt, soon made a romantic friendship with Cleopatra with whom he produced several children. Octavian and Anthony despised each other and Lepidus, the third member of the triumvirate, was too weak a character to stand up to either. Following the death of Julius, six emperors from his family line ruled successively from 27 B. Claudius was a respected older Senator leader when he succeeded Caligula, his nephew, in 47 A.D. For instance, during one part of the siege laid by the Romans, the Zealots destroyed food supplies that were stored in the city in order to gain an advantage over their rival factions. Vespasian gained control of the Roman wheat supply in Egypt and North Africa and thereby announced his intentions. When Vespasian left with his troops to go north, the Jews, and especially the Zealots, saw this as a sign of weakness. Prior to the arrival of Vespasian, civil war was taking place inside of Jerusalem The Hellenized Jews, the Pharisees, the Zealots, and the ordinary people were locked in a chaos of robbery, intrigue, murder, and assassination. For three generations the high priest selected to lead temple worship did not come from the line of Aaron, as prescribed in Scripture.
These high priests were rejected by the conservative, religious party as political stooges of the Romans and certainly not lawfully selected high priests. Things became so desperate in the city that people resorted eating animal manure, and there is even a reported case of cannibalism.
Finally, after months of siege, the Romans managed to scale the walls, burn the temple and burn the city. Jesus instructed his disciples and they in turn the other Christians in Jerusalem about this impending terror.
The Christians were warned by the prophecy of Jesus to flee the city when they saw wars, rumors of wars, earthquakes and the other accompanying events. The temple worship in Jerusalem came to an end, as did the priesthood and the sacrificial system. It was Goda€™s final statement in the destroying of Jerusalem that the new Sacrifice had come, Jesus, the Lamb of God, He was now the High Priest. This dynasty brought excellent administrative leadership to the Empire through the absolute rule of Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius. A large system of aqueducts, sewer systems, and medicine improved the health of the empire.
Julius Caesar developed a calendar containing 12 months and 365 days which was universally adopted in the domains of the Empire.
The Gregorian calendar has four months with a length of 30 days and seven months that are 31 days long. Central heating in homes was developed in construction methods that allowed for air spaces under houses through which hot air from furnaces could circulate.
Concrete was invented by the Romans, making possible the large construction projects--stadiums, theaters, basilicas, aqueducts, basilicas. Roman architecture first used domes in constructing temples, which made possible larger unsupported ceilings in public buildings. Latin became the a€?lingua francaa€? throughout the empire and produced the foundation for the a€?Romance languagesa€? -- Italian, Spanish, French, Romanian. A successive line of emperors ruled absolutely from Rome over an empire that covered most of the known world. The Christian Church grew rapidly throughout the empire and very little opposition to the Church was experienced after the time of Trajan. The elevation of Constantine marked the beginning of a new Empire, an Empire to be greatly impacted by the Christian Church. There will certainly be emperors who would be disappointed that they are not included in the chart below. Due to a variety of factors, including geography, military strength, and leadership, the city of Rome was over time able to gain control over central and southern Italy.
Rome was first governed by a monarchy which was replaced by a Republic -- the Republic provided a separation of powers and responsibilities, primarily concentrated in the Senate and among several important assemblies. Tensions and conflict between the Patricians and the Plebeians escalated and broke out into hostilities which threatened the peace and security of Rome.
A first triumvirate was formed (Julius, Pompey, Crassus), seeking leadership and resolution to the conflict and granting authority. Juliusa€™ assassination on the floor of the Senate by Brutus resulted in the formation of the second triumvirate composed of Octavian, Marc Anthony, and Lepidus. Although married to Octaviana€™s sister, Marc Anthony lived openly with Cleopatra in Alexandria, Egypt. The clash between Octavian and Anthony was settled at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC, with Anthony and Cleopatra driven back to Alexandria where both committed suicide.
The last of the Julian line, Nero, was emperor who killed the two apostles, Peter and Paul, in Rome in 67 AD.
Rome grew to a huge empire that controlled almost all of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea from the Euphrates on the East to the Atlantic Ocean on the west, as well as Gaul (France), Spain, and England. Most roots of Western civilization can be traced to elements that existed in the Roman Empire from about 27 B.C. Rome contributed roads, bridges, architecture, citizenship, language, republicanism, and culture to Europe -- producing the famed Pax Romana. The rise of the Roman Empire was foretold in the dream of the Persian king, Nebuchadnezzar, as interpreted by Daniel in his prophecy 2:1-45. The Roman Empire provided the environment (language, roads) that enabled the Christian Church to grow throughout the known world. Ultimately, the Christian Church conquered the Roman Empire through the faithful witness of Christians throughout the empire and with the conversion of the Emperor Constantine to the Christian faith. Describe the interaction between the Goths and the Romans, resulting ultimately in the sacking of Rome in 476 A.D. The small town was established on the banks of the Tiber River on an elevated site to give protection.
Jerusalem had been under Seleucid control for many years.A  When they heard a false rumor in 167 BC that Antiochus Epiphanes IV, king of the Seleucids, had been killed in battle in Egypt, a rebellion broke out in the city.
While in Egypt Julius developed a relationship with Cleopatra, teenage ruler of Egypt, who subsequently bore him a son.
Octavian, nephew of Julius, was appointed by the Senate to a new triumvirate togetherA  with Marc Antony and Lepidus in 43 B.C. Having arrived in Rome Octavian, aided by Marc Antony, then pursued Julius Brutus the assassin of his uncleA  to Greece, where two battles at Philippi in northern Greece took place, Octavian defeated and killed Brutus. By studying time series patterns, organizations can identify credit risks, anticipate customer attrition, and detect probable bankruptcies. In April 1994, a graduate student named Kate Sherwood (Ducky) put up the first IlliGAL web page. In the last American election cycle, blogging grew as a force to rival the mainstream media. The population-sizing estimate though derived for fitness sharing, also holds for other niching methods such as restricted tournament selection as well. Ever since Dawkins famous Blind Watchmaker code, and Caldwell and Johnston's Faceprints work at ICGA 91, the idea of having user-driven subjective functions in place of predetermined objective functions has opened the door to evolving art, music, poetry, and more. My dreams of a great startup were dashed one semester when during my genetic algorithms course, some students researching their class project uncovered a company that was already vigorously pursuing interactive GAs in marketing applications.
A simple idea such as a round robin of small disjoint training sets greatly helps Pittsburgh classifier systems in the quest for generality.
Not only is the math difficult, but the system also had to work in the cacophony of urban warfare, including echoes from shots -- and do it on the move. An article written by BBNers Hussain, Montana, Brinn & Cerys entitled Genetic algorithms for UGV navigation, sniper fire localization, and unit of action fuel distribution was presented last June at GECCO 2004 at the Workshop on Military and Security Applications of Evolutionary Computation (MSAEC-2004). In his book, Martin presents a principled method for designing and analyzing scalable genetic algorithms that can solve boundedly-difficult, hierarchically-decomposable problems in polynomial (usually sub-quadratic) time. I know Martin and Jaume have also been using some of this tools too in their data mining related papers. LIBSVM is an integrated software for support vector classification, (C-SVC, nu-SVC ), regression (epsilon-SVR, nu-SVR) and distribution estimation (one-class SVM ).
Given that we know the optimum, the number of generations can be determined by the GA itself---when the GA finds the optimum or the entire population converges to it (or gets close enough), we've got it. The basic idea is to first determine a reasonable initial interval (min,max) of population sizes where min is too small and max is too large. To eliminate noise, the bisection can be run several times and the results of all bisection runs can be averaged (right now I use 10 rounds of bisection, each with 10 runs). To determine whether or not the second condition is at least partially satisfied, one can try one problem size (rather larger than smaller) and test whether the overall complexity decreases for larger populations than the one determined by the bisection. From jet engine fan blade design to minimizing power consumption of long-distance pipelines, the article cites several applications of genetic algorithms and genetic programming. Recently, such approaches are slowly infiltrating in the learning classifier systems world.
Knowledge extraction addresses the issue of mining problem knowledge from the final solution developed by XCS. He told me that the problematic GA runs would converge to a mediocre solutions, but different parts within those solution were of good quality. Thesis Symmetry in the Representation of an Optimization Problem and related papers, available as IlliGAL technical reports 2001020 and 2001030 are a good starting point for anyone interested in knowing more about symmetry and synchronization problems in optimization in general, and GAs in particular.
While hardware performance continues to double almost every year and a half, the doubling time for software performance is at least 20 years. I've been heavily involved in the process of this transformation, and so my views are not entirely unbiased (no one's views are entirely unbiased or so any good postmodernist would claim), but I think this move is good for ISGEC, good for ACM, good for the field of genetic and evolutionary computation, and good for computer science. First wave evolutionary computation researchers (and cyberneticists of all stripes) in the late 50s and 60s were just getting their sea legs under them when Minsky and Papert's premature and misleading hatchet job on neural networks appeared and took the wind out of cybernetic sails generally. With GECCO as an ACM conference proceedings, young faculty can safely put their work there without endlessly defending their choice. Department heads have told me that the decision to move from ISGEC to SIGEVO will make absolutely no difference to them.
But, in the end, I believe the young people in the PhD pipeline will benefit immensely through higher probability of hiring, better chances to tenure, and improved prospects of funding as the once outlaw field of genetic algorithms and evolutionary computation comes in off the range, hangs up its six-shooter, and becomes a law-abiding denizen of the mainstream of computer science. I have used it extensively to compute statistical tests, and I made a script to automatize most of the testing process. It uses the Bonferroni correction to ajust the significance level of the tests for the multiple comparisons.
The script generates draft plots just to check how do the results look, without the overhead of launching other programs that can generate more fancy plots like Matlab. We mostly use the cluster to run multiple GA runs to collect statistics, and also for testing the effect of different parameters on the scalability of the algorithms (For example, see Martin's blog).
That means they produce a lot of heat, but nothing that a few well placed fans and couple of ACs can't fix. He tackled the problem by using a set of controllers and running it through a set of genetic algorithms to develop the motion he wanted out of them. This still gave an overall 10-20% speedup when the found choice of optimizations were applied. Shortly thereafter, I proposed applying genetic algorithms to gas pipeline optimization and rule learning, did so, and went on to take my first teaching job at the University of Alabama. And that thirst led me to try difference equations, Markov chains, transform methods, anything that I could get my hands on, to help me do a better job in GA analysis and design. For example, we might create a model for convergence time under selection alone, combine this with a model for mixing under crossover alone, and consider the pairwise effect as a dimensionless ratio of the two times.
And at the same time, it is one of those brilliantly conceived movies that uses screen time to allow the audience to meditate and reflect on what they have just witnessed.


The vignettes are spot on and while each explores a different aspect of our interaction with technology, the internet, and social media, there is an underlying dystopian view of the world that unifies the whole series.
But for many aspects of his life, from his childhood upbringing to his relationship with Patty Jobs to his time at NeXT, the book is lacking.
My Opera (the site it was hosted on) closed down and I was unaware of this fact during the grace period during which they allowed users to export the content from their website. The best part of JFK's 'We choose to go to the Moon' speech isn't necessarily the actual goal, but the justification for why we want to achieve that goal.
It also allows me to hide some of the story and clues as to its meaning within the structure of the punctuation and grammar itself, which is always fun. Decided to expand on this and create a living document of various technologies currently used in neuroscience.
It is easily one of the best books I've read in awhile and would heartily recommend to others.
To get around this, i'm trying a new style of writing: finish writing in a single sitting and with around (or less than) 1500 words. This analysis ignores some obvious facts: small countries are over-represented in the number of athletes they send and the relationship between athletes sent and medals is linear. I present the standard method i use that is relatively flexible and allows for readable code.
This allows easy creation of an html page that integrates commentary, R code, and the resulting plots (which are base64 encoded, so the html file is fully portable).
In the spirit of sharing my enthusiasm for the course i'll discuss some takeaways from, and have included a couple papers i wrote for, the class. This short story briefly (in castellano!) explores a world in which instantaneous, free transport is possible.
This time, it has helped improve on a long-standing issue for me: what is the easiest way to get a copy of all the luscious melodies i hear on youtube?
We were tasked with choosing a particular technique, algorithm, or any material discussed in the class and exploring it in more detail.
I built off of the latex boilerplate that I have been improving over time to create weekly notes.
Kept the date posted and other information then graphed the contributions of each user over time. I thought using R to create an artistic rendering of a normally mundane process would be neat.
In effect, I am slowly trying to eliminate my dependence on Excel, Matlab, and other propriety analysis tools while improving how I structure and organize my data. This time, the python playlist maker was updated to bash and greatly simplified, no longer need to do sketchy recursions.
Aim to have a core set of functions to make figures look prettier, even on preliminary analysis.
I briefly explain the layout; installation and usage can be found in the repository readme.
I wanted to create a neuroscience-based one as it would be an extension of my work with creating graphic designs and would take advantage of my current studies.
Useful for groups that post a lot of youtube videos and want a centralized playlist to share with others.
In this post I briefly highlight where he errs and give reasons why country divides will only grow sharper in the coming decades, in part due to competition for dwindling water, oil and other resources along with increasingly fraught intranational civil relations. But the book cannot be understood unless one first learns to comprehend the language and read the characters in which it is written.
I am often asked to speak on this topic at national and international education conferences.
Whether it's a laptop computer or tablet or smartphone, these devices are capable of the full gamut of connections, communications, and access to information. The paper describes the most prevalent types of intellectual theft and offers recommendations for thwarting them. Do the new mobile learning devices offer tools and techniques that can help students master the new definition of the basic skills? The tablet seems to be the technology of the future -- at least the not-too-distant classroom future. According to such mythologies the Germans emerged suddenly from a crack in the eartha€™s surface. As with the story of Cronos and his son Zeus, the king feared that when they reached adulthood the twins would seize his position. Natural resources in the area provided timber, clay, straw, and abundant fish for the construction of houses and protective walls and for food.
They migrated into northern Italy and in the 6th century moved south from Tuscany northern Italy to the Tiber. The Senate functioned as an advisory council to the king, and the assembly had matters referred to it for popular input, which the king could accept or ignore. The citizens were divided into centuries (100 citizens) and 35 tribes, 4 major tribes in the city of Rome (urban dwellers) and 31 rural tribes (farmers, landowners).
The Senate began during the Roman monarchy, then gained additional power in the Republic, but with the advent of the Empire, declined in its power and influence. In two months they amazingly built over 300 war ships and trained 10,000 marines to combat Carthage.
A series of heartless and corrupt kings led to a social and political chaos so bad that in 64 BC Rome had to step in and conquer the area in order to quell the confusion. A series of assassinations, grabs for power, and appointments of individuals by the Senate outside the normal rules of the constitution, caused a crisis.
When Pompey landed in Alexandria, he was killed by Egyptians who thought they were being loyal to Julius and would find favor with him. Cleopatra presumed that after Julius returned to Rome he would call for her and her son to join him there. This action by the Senate and the perceived arrogance of Julius greatly alarmed a group in the Senate led by Julius Brutus.
It was not simply because of his personal attributes or that he was the nephew of Julius that caused the Senate to include Octavian. Perhaps the geographic separation would enable the second triumvirate succeed where the first had failed. To make matters worse, Antony was married to the sister of Octavian and Octavian, in turn, was married to the sister of Marc Antony! The countryside was divided between several factions.The Hellenized Jews had become European in their dress, language, and culture.
The Zealots also dressed as women to disguise themselves and plunged daggers into rivals on the streets of Jerusalem. Furthermore, Jewish worship had so declined that prostitutes, according to Josephus the Jewish historian of the Roman Empire and school mate of Titus, were plying their trade inside the temple walls! He placed three legions around the western sides of the city and a fourth on the east on i??the Mount of Olives. Josephus states that the stench of the dead on crosses was so great that legionnaires became sick at the odor. This was Goda€™s judgement upon a people who rejected him, although he presented himself to them as their Messiah. The Julian Calendar provided the names of the months used world-wide and served as Europea€™s unified calendar until 1582 when Pope Gregory XIII developed the Gregorian Calendar. February is the only month that is 28 days long in common years and 29 days long in leap years. Public restrooms and public baths were also introduced by the Romans, although public toilets were present earlier in Greece, also. Arches could support heavier loads than columns and flat roofs by distributing the weight downward through each segment of the archa€™s construction. Most famous of Roman domed buildings was the Pantheon in Rome, the temple dedicated to the worship and honoring of a€?all the gods,a€? which is what the word a€?pantheona€? means in Greek. After Trajan, Christians became progressively accepted and many were appointed to positions in government and the military, and many others held important positions as teachers and professors. Marc Anthony despised Octavian and spent most of his time in Egypt with the Eastern troops. He became the first bona fide Emperor and the second of six in the Julian line to rule Rome. When Pompey landed in Alexandria, he was killed by Egyptians who thought they were being loyal to Julius and would find favor with him.A  However, Julius had a personal rule -- no leader defeated by Julius would be put to death.
Actium was a naval battle, pitting the forces of Octavian and Rome against those of Marc Antony and the Egyptian forces of Cleopatra. His talk on Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) will discuss the study of complexity, innovation, and relations between CAS and GA's.
To my discredit, I didn't understand why she was so fascinated by the web, but in my defense, I didn't get in her way. In less well followed topics, blogging is growing at astonishing rates, and we hope that IlliGAL Blogging will become a resource and focal point for intelligent discourse in the growing community of genetic and evolutionary computation (GEC). Of course, a lot of water has passed over the iGA dam since the early days, and for those interested in a fairly recent update on the state of interactive evolutionary computation, I recommend Hideyuki Takagi's article.
That company, Affinova, has married iGAs and practical market research and product development notions to create a unique line of products and services.
On the Michigan approach, however, such issue was settled down after the idea of evolving classifiers based on accuracy by Wilson (now celebrating the 10th anniversary of its publication). The paper details the development of Boomerang and other GA-based military-security applications.
Written in Java, it is easy to use, providing a flexible environment for rapid preliminary filtering and analysis of raw data. The thing I like the most about D2K, and one of the reasons for switching, is the data flow oriented paradigm that it uses.
It is a GNU project which is similar to the S language and environment which was developed at Bell Laboratories (formerly AT&T, now Lucent Technologies) by John Chambers and colleagues. Most likely, the complexity increases with the population size and thus the bisection can run the experiments for us. Chen takes the methodology of The Design of Innovation and applies it to understanding the approximate complexity of multiobjective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs).
The goal is to identify most important features in the problem and the dependencies among those features. I remembered Clarissa's worka€”that she did during her visit to IlliGALa€”about how strong symmteries in problems such as Ising and other spin-glass models can cause synchorinization problems and how niching methods can be used to avoid them. Intelligence was just one of many traits that human beings exploited to increase their odds of survival, and the test for survival was absolute.
For too long, GAs and EC more generally have lived in the backwaters of academic and industrial life. When he was asked how the acceptance of his revolutionary ideas in quantum physics was going, it is reported that he said, "Wonderful, lots of funerals." In Plank's day, perhaps the natural turnover in faculty matched the turnover of ideas, but in our time, rapid change in thinking has not been matched with a concomitant shortening of faculty life expectancy.
With ACM affiliated journals in EC and GP, department heads have the moral equivalent of a Good Housekeeping seal of approval on our field to rely upon instead of the pleas of a lone faculty member up for tenure. But consumers will tell you that their decisions to buy products are also made on a case-by-case basis without regard for brands--as their grocery baskets fill with Crest, Tide, Mach 3, Ragu, Pepsi, Twinkies, and Tide.
It supposes that the results are paired, like the results obtained, for instance, from a stratified ten-fold cross-validation test.
Since then, quite a few people have asked me a how to build such a cluster, what components to buy, etc. Although I had succeeded in applying GAs in my problem domain, my doing so left me with as many questions as I answered. At first, my studies took me toward more esoteric and sophisticated tools, but then my training in fluid mechanics kicked (somewhere between my leaving Alabama and coming to Illinois), and I turned to the methodology of little models, including facetwise models, and patchquilt integration using dimensional analysis. This approach, though algebraically simple, is remarkably powerful in helping sort out experimental results and organize a researcher's thinking. But don't expect to come away with a novel view on the world or a new set of wondrous ideas to mull over.
He then spends vast portions of the book attempting to put this inequality in a bad light without clearly articulating why.
Plus, gets me back in the mode of posting short stories, especially as I try and finish some of the longer ones I have been working on. Meant mainly to practice my spanish, i plan to follow-up with a more detail story in the future. Neural networks seemed particularly interesting—and not just because i'm a neuroscientist. This highlights why I love LaTeX so much, especially for larger projects that are heavily linked—it allows easy annotation, indexing, creation of new document styles, and other related processes rapidly and consistently. The source latex files and raw images can be sent upon request (I'm considering making a Github repository in the future). Started with vesicle budding and fusion along with muscle contraction in smooth and skeletal muscles.
A couple examples are included focusing on the first function: principal component analysis. Robert Campbell (Fisher Dachs Associates) was on hand during the second sound check (along with Richard and Dr. From the initial, crowded to the final, clean abstract, I'll go through my thought process and provide links to useful resources. Swirling under the sea of anxiety is hatred, a deep abhorrence for the past and all it held. Across the top my name is barely visible and the dates of my birth have long since been worn away.
It's interesting that almost every one of these conferences is conducted in the old-fashioned way, with paper handouts, passive listening, and long lectures. In the past three years, the tablet is the fastest-growing mobile technology in the hands of students, tripling from 2011 (7%) to 2012 (25%). The HYBRID - In a Hybrid paper or report, your students collect information from sources just as they should. We've been working on these questions in several one-to-one and curriculum development projects this fall. As I work with educators experimenting at the cutting edge of this movement, and taking full educational advantage of these trends, I foresee a school experience far different from what most students know today. And no wonder: the tablets are less expensive, easier to support, less intrusive in the classroom, easier to use, and easy to take home so that the students' academic day can be extended. Many primitive tribes believe that a totem animal was their ancient ancestor, hence the totem poles among the Alaskan tribes.
When they arrived at the Tiber and the early settlements around present-day Rome, they cleared the mud huts of the original inhabitants, dug canals for irrigation and draining of swamps, and organized cattle herding into a sustainable industry. Rome with its navy invaded Carthage, burned it to the ground, and poured salt onto the soil so that a city could never again be built there. To the south in Attica and the Peloponnese the Attican League rose in rebellion against the Roman invaders, but were quickly defeated.
This is but one of several times that God used pagan armies as his tool to bring justice to evil kings and kingdoms.
Brutus was a close friend of Julius and had fought with him at Pharsalus against Pompey, but he was alarmed at the power grab by Julius To protect the Republic against a dictatorship, Brutus and others in the Senate made a bloody plan. Roman culture had so idealized the military that it was inconceivable for anyone but military leaders to be appointed to the triumvirate. The fact was that Octavian had marched on Rome and demanded that the Senate appoint him as one of the consuls! He was a well-qualified leader and was the emperor who ordered the census which caused Joseph and Mary to travel to Bethlehem.
He was then succeeded by his brother, Domitian, who many saw as a weaker candidate because he lacked the military zeal of his father and brother. Vespasian with 60,000 Roman legionnaires worked his way south through Syria, Samaria, and northern Judah, systematically wiping out all resistance to Romea€™s authority.
In protest, many of the faithful, a probably led by the men who should legally have become high priest, left Jerusalem for Masada in the south east. When the Passover season arrived, Titus a€?politelya€? allowed the thousands of pilgrims to enter the city, but then refused to allow them to leave. When it was discovered that some attempted to escape after having swallowed the gold jewelry and coins, the Romans hired Arabs to slit the stomachs of those who attempted to flee in order to seek for the hidden gold. But it was a further evidence of the truthfulness of the message of Jesus, that in him alone is found the forgiveness of sins and the free gift of eternal life. Some were fed by manmade reservoirs, one of the earliest, large scale attempts to manage natural resources. There are at least 333 terms that are literally the same in spelling and meaning in both Latin and English. He placed two other men under Maximian and himself as junior partners, so-to-speak -- Constantius in Gaul as a junior partner under Maximian, and Galerius in the east under Diocletian, giving to them the title Augustus.
But for this study, the following are listed as emperors and lines of emperors that are worth remembering. Lepidus foolishly attempted to take authority over Octaviana€™s troops and was expelled by Octavian from the triumvirate. Since then, the IlliGAL web site has grown and users from countries around the world generate some 8.4 million hits in nearly 200,000 visits annually. Subsequently I met company executive Rob Frasca in another context, and got the chance to tell him how Affinova was the company that broke my entrepreneurial heart.
Like supersonic airplanes, bullets create shock waves -- mini-sonic booms -- as they speed through the air. These efforts are the result of longstanding GA work at BBN initiated by Dave Davis (now of NuTech Solutions) and carried on by Dave Montana and other hardworking GA types. Recently, I have notice the existence at least more than 20 different projects using such framework. Using an intuitive graphical editor, complicated analysis and visualization task are rapidly deployed by simple drag & drop. I have been using it in some of my recent research, and if you are interested in such areas, I definitely recommend you to take a look at it. A "good" population size should be the one that ensures reliable convergence to the optimum (where "reliable may be defined any way we want, for instance, that the algorithm finds the optimum successfully in 9 out of 10 independent runs). Thereafter, he successfully applies carefully designed MOEAs to problems in production planning and design of nearest-neighbor classifiers. Bean was on the faculty of the Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering (IOE) of the University of Michigan for many years, where he also held the position of Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. The extracted knowledge may not only be used for further data mining, but may actually be re-fed into the system giving it further competence in solving problems in which dependent features, that is, building blocks, need to be processed effectively.
So, I suggested him that there might be synchronization issues with the problematic instances and using a niching method might be the solution. No mention is made of who the reseachers are or what department, college, or lab they come from. Defining an equivalent test of fitness for targeting intelligence as an evolutionary goal for machines, however, has been elusive. Finally, the rise of symbolic AI and the subsequent cybernetics winter made it academically disreputable to persist in the "folly" of genetic algorithms and evolutionary computation, but persist the field did, and we are here today because of the courage of a small group who swam against the intellectual currents of the 60s, 70s, and 80s. The result is large numbers of powerful faculty in charge with ideas in mind that are more than a little behind the time.
In a busy world, trusted brands allow buyers to get quality products at low risk of error and low search costs. These optimizations seek to reduce memory or power usage, or to speedup the needed execution time. And although I had used GAs to help solve interesting engineering problems, I was unhappy with GAs--and my own lack of understanding of GAs--as engineered objects. Couple that with a tendency to qualify every claim so as to avoid taking a definitive stand and you have a book that leaves you more confused and less informed about the topic, the dynamics of capital, than you entered with.
However, every once in awhile it throws errors and i wanted a wrapper bash script to take care of this and some other processing. I wanted to use machine learning algorithms to improve predictions for the project i am working on in Judith Frydman's lab.
Plus, separating content and style is always a plus and images stay uncoupled from a propriety source (e.g.
I'll briefly talk about the document below and certain decisions that were made to get it to its current state.
I think the resulting work has a sci-fi feel to it, almost like it could be a symbol for a corporation should the sinusoidal lobes be made solid.
The boilerplate contains examples for common tasks: figures, tables, BibTeX, index, new commands (including some using pgfkeys), and more. Toyota) to discuss the philosophy behind the building, a bit of history, and where they hope it will be in the future.
Another corridor, if you want to call the passages in this labyrinth of a make-shift cave that, ran to our right.
Logging off websites, only checking the news for brief periods, and focusing on a core set of hobbies. Not only that, but it was done through an astonishing three ways: territorial conquest, gold and negotiation. Arab and Persian astronomers discovered the mathematics that determined the paths of the stars and invented a mathematical oration to explain when heavenly bodies would move, appear and disappear. When they start writing, they give credit for some of the ideas and words that came from others, but they also insert passages they don't properly identify. The results of the study allowed researchers to define specific ways students plagiarize and to give categories memorable titles. This article looks at one area of the common core, the English Language Arts standards at the middle school level, specifically those involved with the new approach to reading and understanding informational text.Working with several groups of teachers, common core experts, and several brands of tablets, we've come up with an interesting approach that can be applied to almost any such text on any tablet. They are also, for the moment anyway, as students say, cool.Like a young adolescent, the tablet market in schools is immature, growing quickly, and unpredictable. You set the parameters for it on whatever surface you're projecting onto, hard or soft, and it can write, erase, and also act like a mouse on the projector screen.
The leading city of the rebellious Attican League, Corinth, was burned to the ground by the Romans. For many years the plebians, out of loyalty to the Republic, overlooked the need for social reforms, but with the influx of slaves things were about to change.
The three arbitrarily chose themselves to take the power in what was basically a military coup. Hence, Julius, the last man standing of the three, returned to Rome and was declared a€?Perpetual Dictatora€? by the Senate in 44 B.C. Second, he secretly stole the private will of Anthony and made its terms known to the Senate. They secured Roman control of Britain and strengthened the borders with the Germanic tribes. The Zealots tended to be hot-headed nationalists bent on independence, not only from Rome, but also from what was perceived to me a corrupt priesthood. Many citizens fled in front of the troops to the south, leaving behind burning towns and cities, and seeking the safety of the high-walled Jerusalem.
Some believe these were the Essenes who kept the Dead Sea Scrolls along the shores of the Dead Sea. This put enormous strains on the food and water supplies and virtually broke down all health and sanitation systems. Expansion into the Balkans, Spain, Britain, Gaul, Persia, and North Africa produced the greatest era of Romanization. The road networks were built throughout Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, including the famed Apian Way that connected major cities and military bases in Italy with Rome. The idea was that when either Diocletian or Maximian would die or retire, the junior partners would become the next emperors. Upon arriving in Egypt and learning about Pompeya€™s death, Julius put to death the assassins of Pompey. Hence, Julius, the last man standing of the three, returned to Rome and was declared a€?Perpetual Dictatora€?A  by the Senate in 44 B.C.
Many citizens fled in front of the troops to the south, leaving behind burning towns and cities,A  and seeking the safety of the high-walled Jerusalem. The website has undergone kaizen or continual improvement since Ducky's early efforts, and this blog represents the latest in a series of new features to be added to the site over the years. For those interested in a nice case study of marrying GAs and business read the Affinova white paper here. So if engineers arrange seven microphones like the spines of a sea urchin, a shock wave from a bullet will hit each microphone at a slightly different time, like a wave lapping against different pebbles on a beach. It is difficult enough working in the obscure vineyards of GAs and EC, but when a group used to toiling in obscurity does something deserving of national recognition, it would be nice if the mainstream business press would get the story right and at least mention the names of the people who really got the job done.
I have been heavily using D2K in the DISCUS project, and I have no regrets about not using WEKA anymore. Herb Simon talks about decomposability of most complex real-world systems, which is a feature that a good evolutionary algorithm should be able to exploit. The dissertation concludes with novel theory and empirical work that carry over the method of fitness inheritance to MOEAs.
Lo and behold, he came back yesterday and said using niching significantly improved the GA performance! Nonetheless, a Google search on the search terms, "genetic algorithms," "mining," and "Laurentian University" quickly leads to the following link.
Thus, it is difficult to draw comparisons between how human intelligence developed and how artificial intelligence could evolve. After all, evolution is one of the biggest ideas in all of science, and the impact of modern genetics is hard to overstate, so it seems quite natural that computations based on evolution and genetics should have an important place in science and technology. Unfortunately, the most obvious solutions to this problem are serious felonies, and no one is here suggesting that steps be taken to cull the herd. In the new world of ACM and SIGEVO, CS departments and their heads will be able to rely on a trusted brand in one of the most important decisions they make, the hiring, retention, and promotion of faculty.
Her system tries to determine which combinations and orderings of optimizations should be performed on which portions of the code.
This story introduces a few key characters, explore a bit of the lore, and is an attempt by me to write a story in which a clearer light is shone on a relationship between two characters. Note: The black line is the breathing rate while the red and blue interlocking lines signify aponea and hyperponea, respectively.
Behind us, a sliver of light, flickering on and off, spilling in from the opening from whence we came. Eliminating distractions and reducing information overload are doing wonders to fight off stress and keep me humming along. All of them are fading, the last vestiges of their existence being worn away by wind and rain. The story is told through the eyes of a hypothetical participant, Jefferson Thomas, principal of Democracy High School in AnyTown, AnyCountry. Apple alone is selling 12 million iPads per quarter, with at least two million of these into the hands of students. Sometimes this happens because a student is a sloppy note-taker or is rushing to get a paper done, but sometimes they know what they are doing and think that if some parts are cited correctly, you won't notice the parts that aren't.7.
The process follows seven steps.ReadThe common core approach tells us to confront the text directly, without lots of context-setting or lead-in.


Daughters did the same work as their mothers, and their grandmothers, and their mothers before them.
When they reached maturity, Romulus murdered Remus (a memory of Cain and Abel?) and formed the community of Rome. The three were Julius Caesar from his assignment in England, Pompey from his station in Spain, and Crassus in his station from Syria. In order to prevent armed revolutions in Rome, generals returning to Rome were forbidden to allow their troops to cross the Rubicon en mass. Antonya€™s will provided for large land grants in Italy for the children he had sired with Cleopatra.
The dating of the writing of the Book of Revelation by John while on Patmos determines whether the book was written prior to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. They passed new tax codes to restore the Roman treasury and increased the silver base for the Roman currency.
The civil war was directed not only at Rome, but was conducted within Jerusalem by one faction against the other. The goal was to prevent chaos at the death of an emperor and to provide orderly succession of leadership. Christians were required to make sacrifices to the gods or face imprisonment, exile, or death. Cleopatra, according to legend used a poisonous snake in her bed to inflict the fatal wound. Only good words is what I have about D2K's quality and how much effort the ALG people put into it to make a great package easy to extend and customize.
I'd strongly suggest this book to anyone interested in somewhat a philosphical discussion of what types of problems we should be trying to solve with our optimizers. The Laurentian University Mining Automation Laboratory (LUMAL) under the direction of Nick Vayenas is applying simulation, robotics, and genetic algorithms to various mining problems. Why, then, have GAmists and ECers been largely relegated to second tier schools, non-tenured posts, or non-CS departments (even, god forbid, engineering departments)? And thanks to Srikant-Uni-of-Glasgow-Travails and SoloGen for the links to IlliGAL Blogging. We all gave each other the look-n-nod, donned our breathing masks then proceeded to attach the hooks and ropes. Principal Thomas learns about the Education 3.0 conference from a fellow school leader in AnyTown. The MASHUP - Mashup creators take information from different sources and mix it to make it seem like their work. The Clone - If your students are cloning, they are copying someone else's work word for word. Just read it and try to figure it out all by yourself, like a detective entering a crime scene that she's never seen before.
Checking his Calendar, with which he had earlier set the alarm, he reviews the project assignment. The king was replaced by two consuls who were elected by the populace annually (the idea was you cana€™t trust one ruler or hea€™ll attempt to rule absolutely, and cana€™t allow him to serve for long periods of time or he will rule forever!), and the Senate was given expanded powers (rather than being merely an advisory group as they were under the former monarchy). General Hannibal of Carthage, during the second of the three Punic Wars invaded Italy, crossing the Alps with his troops, including a unit of 37 elephants.
Crassus had earlier gained fame for having defeated the slave revolt in Italy led by the slave Spartacus. I tell you the truth, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened. Her death placed the vast wealth of Egypt at Romea€™s disposal and Egypt voluntarily became a province of the Roman Empire.
We can pray for crisper reporting from the the Globe and Mail, but in the meanwhile, odds are that this is the GA mining work that was so cryptically cited. He looks over the agenda on the conference web site, and finds that it is promoting exactly what his school is looking for. They don't bother to credit sources-either mistakenly thinking that what they are writing is theirs or intentionally trying to make it look like theirs. Teachers at this student's school distribute all course events -- meetings, assignments, projects, tests, and so forth -- as calendar events, which upon receipt by their students, show automatically in the Calendar. I told the tech director that my concern with this one is that is doesn't come with a software platform like Activ Inspire (Promethean Board) or SMART Notebook (SMART Board).
First, it filled the tribes and Council with newcomers who were not content to allow the status quo to continue. Those who accept the early date under Nero interpret Revelation to apply primarily to the destruction of Jerusalem, the temple and sacrificial system, and ultimately the downfall of the Roman Empire, and do not see the book addressing primarily things which are to happen wo thousand or more years in the future. Work in this area traditionally relies on actual execution time for fitness, which may require up to 50 hours to determine which optimizations should be performed on a small piece of code. By reviewing the types of plagiarism, your students will know that you will be looking for word theft when you grade their papers.Realize that with the growth of the Internet, sometimes it's difficult to understand what is original content and who wrote the content. This software is specifically geared towards teachers, providing tools to make files that you can create shapes, layers, texts, easily pull in text or images, and manipulate them.
All officials served one-year terms, except during times of emergency, so that no one person could gain power over his fellow citizens.
So angered were they that they declared war on Cleopatra -- knowing that this would bring Antony into the conflict also, but avoiding, technically at least, a Roman civil war.
Some believe also that Nero was the emperor who sent John the Apostle to exile on the island of Patmos where he composed the Book of Revelation. Those who accept the late date for the book view it as a prophecy about things to happen at the end of the age.
So angered were they that they declared war on Cleopatra -- knowing that this would bringA  Antony into the conflict also, but avoiding, technically at least, a Roman civil war. If God was a mathematician when she put the universe in motion, our species has served as her active students, constructing and discovering the ancient language.But somehow we have lost the sense of wonder and power that captivated and motivated the Arab astronomers, the Greek geometers, and the rocket scientists. He also uploads a photo of himself that will show up in the online conference directory.Next day Thomas receives an email from the conference organizer with a password to the conference participants' site. They search academic journals, news accounts, books, libraries, maps, and data collections to find what they need for their assignments. Your students have filled their reports or papers with chunks of someone's work and haven't even bothered to give the author credit.
As he reads the words, he taps to see a definition of unfamiliar words, and calls up images and videos to illustrate key concepts.
Over time a constitution was adopted that featured an early form of separation of powers and a system of checks and balances. Here he finds summaries of each presentation in both text and podcast format, as well as an extensive set of online references about Education 3.0. Not only can student find sites where they can purchase whole papers, online they have worlds of information on just about any topic available to them.
The 404 ERROR - Maybe your students know lots about their topic and decide to just go ahead and write without bothering to look up sources to find out anything new. Even if they gave the author credit, which would have been nice, you probably wouldn't give them a passing grade because most of the paper was taken from one source.3. Pretend you've just found a long-lost scrap of paper with these words on it, and try to figure out what the text is trying to communicate.On a tablet, you can do this easily. With a large display, solid operating system, and competitive price, it is no wonder that schools have bought more of these than all the other tablets combined.
I watched some sixth-graders at a top flight school face a phalanx of long division problems -- dividing decimals, on paper, no explanation, no rationale for their connection with the real world. He's especially interested in the links to other schools that have already moved down the road toward this new form of teaching and learning. Showing students how to find reliable sources must be one of the steps in teaching research writing.Don't just assign research papers, teach students acceptable ways to complete them.
Or perhaps they've looked up information on the topic, but don't bother to write down where they got the information. As a teacher, you can get the text onto your students' tablet in many different ways:Send the text in an email. Fascinated by the section on EKG and heart rate, he takes the book's advice to do a quick experiment, on which he will base his project.All of the learning materials at the school are published in digital form, from textbooks to assignments to handouts to lecture notes and all downloaded to students' tablets so that they may consult them anywhere, anytime, anyplace. They know that they need to cite sources so they make up their own quotes and cite sources that may have nothing to do with their writing or may not even exist.9. And because they all use the open-standards ePub format, they can take advantage of the interactive literacy tools offered by the mobile devices.He uses Vital Signs to measure his own heart rate at rest, taking several measurements.
But the collection of educational apps and books in the Android marketplace is only a fraction of what's available for the iPad, and of uneven quality.
After browsing the materials, the teachers ask if they might also attend the conference, and so Thomas forms a team of participants from Democracy High School, and registers his teachers (at a reduced fee).
Demonstrate how sloppy note taking usually results poor grades, no matter how beautifully a paper reads.
Tools for developing and saving epubs are available for Mac (Pages), Windows (Calibre), Android, and iPad (Creative Book Builder).This first stage in the investigative process is best accompanied by discussion among readers.
He enters the results into the Numbers spreadsheet, and then proceeds to run up three flights of stairs. Samsung has just recently begun to sell the tablet directly to K-12 schools, while Apple has been at it since 1978.Amazon Kindle FireThis small tablet was designed first of all to read books, but it can also serve as a general-purpose tablet if outfitted with the right Android apps. It assumes a teacher-centric classroom with all the students sitting passively as the teacher writes on the board.
How many gallons of water must be added to dilute the mixture to 8 gals of a 15% saline solution?And this severing of mathematics teaching and learning from nature and practicality is not a function of college level. On it they keep their calendar of events, class schedule, projects, assignments, and research results. Its price seems low, but there's a catch: the only way to get things on the Kindle is through Amazon. Let's look at the 8th-grade exam required by a major northeastern state of all its students. They download the conference app onto their mobile devices, so they'll be able to work with the materials even when they are off-line.When they arrive at the conference site, the group connects to the wireless network, and then taps the Print Badge button on the app. They keep track of their contacts, their professors, their fellow students, their family their friends.
After becoming familiar with their topic, they also have difficulty knowing which ideas don't belong to them. The Re-Mix - Paraphrasing isn't easy, but perhaps some of your students have mastered it to some extent. In the first row he enters his name, then his heart rate before exercise (65), and after (83). Amazon loses money on each Kindle it sells, in hopes that people will use the device to buy things from the Amazon store.
Most of the questions on the test -- for which millions of students are being prepped every day -- are like this:Of the 27 questions on the test, only five appear in any kind of an applied context.
After picking up their badge from one of the printers, they find a table in the main assembly room, and look on their mobile devices through the latest additions to the conference. On the same device they organize their books and articles, their class notes, videos, images, pictures, and diagrams.
Maybe they used several different sources and paraphrased from them for their papers or reports? To gather more data for his experiment, he loans his iPod Touch to a fellow student, who uses Instant Heart Rate to measure heart rate through the camera, at rest, and then after exercise. This model does not work well for schools or students in an academic setting, where books and other content for the tablets are often created by teachers, and students themselves.ASUS TransformerThis recent full-size Android tablet competes with the iPad and the Galaxy in price and power, but has yet to gain a foothold in the marketplace, especially in schools. The questions we ask our students come out of the blue, with no relation to each other or to the original meaning of math.
Give them links to specific sites that deal with citation that you think they will find accurate and helpful. Your students may write a properly cited paper, but all of it is information taken from others. Either way, the work isn't theirs, for all they've done is play scramble up other people's writing.5. From the results of this and several other students, he adds more rows to spreadsheet on his tablet.
It shares the Galaxy's lack of educational applications and books, as well as Samsung's lack of experience selling to schools.Acer A700One of three Acer Android tablets, this one is most comparable to the others in this list.
The math we teach and test bears little connection to nature, few practical applications, and no sense of context. If your school subscribes to a plagiarism prevention service, don't use the service to grade student papers. The Recycle - Some students try to recycle their own papers without citing themselves as sources.
To better understand the data he has gathered, he interviews his experimental subjects with the tablet's video Camera. Students use it to learn what they need to know: a foreign language, a history lesson, or a mathematics equation. They think they can get around writing another paper, because they are sure no one will know, probably not even the teacher they handed it in to the year before. It shares the weaknesses of the Galaxy and Transformer with regard to the educational market.Brainchild KineoLike the next two on this list, this brand-new tablet was built by a company that sells educational software to schools. It's a flat screen TV with touch capabilities - not multi-touch like the iPad, but single touch, click and draw only. These services can serve as excellent ways for students to learn how to improve their work before they submit their final copies.Writing papers in middle school and high school should be a positive learning experience, which will give students the foundation they need to write well and honestly when they go off to college.
The RE-TWEET- Re-Tweeting is when your students do a good job of citing sources, but their writing is simply too close to the source's words.
Someone who could work well in a small group, with hand tools, performing a variety of tasks each day, with a clear view of the world outside, with a small circle of connections.Fifty years later, the workplace changed.
The Kineo is sold as part of a package of curriculum software, assessment services, and teacher training, so its unit price may be deceiving.
They can connect iTunes U and learn most anything from thousands of college professors who have contributed their best material in the form of podcasts available on the web for anyone to use.Online LearningThe second trend brought on by this ubiquity of mobile devices is online learning. Sure, the writing is a bit different, and they've been honest about whose ideas or words you are using, but it's not different enough to be their own paper. At an inner-city high school in the same state, the principal confronted the number of his students failing math in their first year.
One-third of college students today in America are taking at least one online course this semester, and some students take their entire degree program online.
Re-tweeting is also when students use a paper they've previously written in an attempt to change it around to make it into a nice, new paper.In Parts I and II of The Many Forms of Word Theft we introduced ten plagiarism prevention words and phrases that will help your students beware of the many types of plagiarism. Then annotate it with what you think it might mean, based on the context, and what you know of similar words.
The researcher agrees to answer his questions through this videoconferencing software built into his tablet. Google's market intelligence and global reach could propel this newcomer to the head of the list.Microsoft SurfaceThe only tablet on our list running the Windows operating system, this recently announced -- but not yet available -- device comes with an attachable rubber keyboard.
The small groups at each table discuss the question, and enter their answer into the audience response system.
Turnitin, the company who created the titles, offers other suggestions for teaching research writing. Microsoft does not normally make its own hardware, so it will be interesting to see how this tablet fares in the marketplace.
What I'm hearing from your email, and correct me if I'm wrong, is that we're after student engagement here, and the interactive boards that we're seeing increasingly in classrooms are not engaging students - the time kids spend interacting with the technology is very little.When I teach, I always have them in working in groups, or sharing their work, look how a neighbor did it differently, etc.
They see the compilation of the responses appear on the big screen as the presenter reacts to them. Once they are connected he asks his questions: How does human organism regulate heart rate?The researcher at the other end suggests he look up the concept of self-regulating systems.
Through our recent Hybrid Initiative we explored student and faculty reactions to this new kind of hybrid online course.
EReader apps such as iBooks on the iPad can do this easily.Next, Students can compare their own definitions with those of the dictionary by selecting each unknown word, and tapping the define tab. Both the tablet and the curriculum content and the assessment will come as a unified package.
We found that when the courses were well structured, with frequent assessments and a variety of learning activities, both the students and the faculty found them to be rewarding.The online courses that are most successful are those which are self-paced, where students learn when they wish to learn in a variety of modes, mostly on their own, but with frequent group activities and discussions with their teacher. It raises an essential question: should we employ new technologies to move education forward, or deploy them to take us back to the good old days? Students are not allowed to use common mathematical software tools when they take these tests, and the problems themselves are based on the kinds of paper-and-pencil tasks that mathematicians had to perform by hand before the advent of computers. They see the presenter and the conference organizer circulate among the groups to listen to the discussions. Students must next analyze the text, with the help of their tablet and their teacher.AnalyzeIn this step students try to figure out what the text means. The entry for today's class meeting includes a direct link to his reading assignment on the U.S. It points out the need to develop a strong educational vision in the minds of the teachers and school leadership, a picture of what the classroom should look like and what the students would be doing if we had all the tools we need at our disposal. So, there's little place for equation editors, graphing calculators, or geometric sketchpads in the teaching and learning of math in many schools. These Massive Open Online Courses are offered by the world's best universities, such as Stanford, MIT, and the University of Texas.
They do this by re-reading and thinking about key phrases and sentences, guided by questions from their teacher. Without a strong educational vision, we will be taken in by the promises of the latest technology salesman we meet.
Even at schools where every student has a laptop in his backpack, math is still done on pencil and paper, as it was a century ago.How can we connect math back to its natural and practical origins, and take full advantage of digital technologies as we teach and learn it?
The results are reflected on the big screen in real time, so they can see how their school compares with the others. Teachers can develop a version of the text with these questions built-in, using one of the ePub authoring tools listed above, and ask students to use the annotation feature of their tablet's eReader app to answer the questions, and mail their work to the teacher or to fellow students for review.Key questions for this step in the reading process might delve into the whys and wherefores of a certain phrase, or compare one phrase with another, or look for common as well as contrasting words. And we will tend to use technology to go back to something familiar -- like teaching rote lessons from the board.In the days before digital technology, 40 years ago, when I learned to teach, all I had was the chalkboard.
A few examples observed in forward-looking schools may suggest the right direction.Tennis LauncherThe tennis team doesn't need the practice ball launcher during 5th-period math. Questions at this stage should stick to the text itself, in an attempt to figure out its meaning without reference to outside resources. Following up further, he finds a review from the New York Times of a new book on the Constitution, which describes the document as a miracle of self-regulation.
So the students set the angle, adjust the force, start the video recorder, and pull the lanyard.
Generally, these are not given for credit; the materials put together by professors are organized simply for the students to learn from. Like a detective at a crime science, the reader is looking closely at the clues, leaving no word unexamined, and making notes of her observations.ExploreOnce analyzed, students should explore the text, investigating its context, and asking questions about the author's situation and goals. Thomas's teacher has already listened to the presenter's podcast on this topic, and read his paper, so when they get to the session they can get right down to the practical nitty-gritty of how to revamp the curriculum to take advantage of this kind of teaching.The literature teacher at her session learns to use her mobile device to compose and publish an eBook that her students can interact with on their mobile devices, laptops or PCs.
Guided by questions from the teacher -- embedded in yet another version of the ePub -- the student relates the text to the world around it. Frame by frame they analyze the video clip, plotting the course of the ball with points on the Cartesian plane laid over the video image.
The closest we have is the Technology Competencies course at the school of education where 2500 students are enrolled each semester in an online program to learn the technologies they need to be certified as a schoolteacher. This is best done by using the tablet's browser or reference collection to locate information that helps explain the text, from background material to maps to similar texts to information about the author and her values and beliefs.Again, the questions posed by the teacher can help this exploration along, pointing the student in key directions and suggesting cross-references. A pair of students downloads the coordinates of the points to a spreadsheet for further analysis, while another pair computes the initial velocity. Thomas meets several old friends, and many new ones that he found on the conference directory, all working toward the same goal of educational transformation. This isn't really a MOOC -- while the course is massive and online, it's not open to anyone, only to degree candidates in the School of Education. As before, these questions may be easily embedded in a version of the ePub.ExtendWe include certain texts in our literary or historical canon because they contain lessons for us all.
We have developed pedagogies that engage students with their work in many and varied ways and technologies that enable and encourage new ways of teaching and learning not possible 40 years ago.To spend $5000 on a technology that takes teachers and students back where I started (albeit without the chalk dust) seems backwards to me. He sends text messages to two school directors who he knows, but cannot find, and they make an appointment to meet at the next coffee break.In the after-lunch breakout sessions - where the morning workshops are repeated - Thomas and his team attend three more useful meetings, for which they have prepared themselves in advance.
Through this program, we have learned quite a bit about what works and what doesn't work in online self-paced higher education.AccessThe third important technology trend is access to information.
These anchor texts contain implications for the future, or for our own lives, and are often referred to by others. He takes some time to review and reflect on the ideas and materials he has collected.He notices that many of the diagrams connected with the concept of self-regulation show some kind of up-and-down curve. Along the way they shoot photos with their mobile devices, that they will use in their Day in the Life story.After a coffee break, the team assembles at its table in the main room. At this fourth step in the reading process, the student extends the text in these directions. In order to do this accurately, they've had to learn to use differential equations, understand the acceleration of gravity (a second-order equation), and factor in the friction of the air. The presenter leads them through the process of telling their Day in the Life story through pictures. The efforts of Google, the world's librarians, and the new breed of information programmers have made this revolution possible. Following yet another set of questions and suggestions from the teacher, the student uses his tablet's reference collection and it's browser to find how far this text extends itself into the past, present, and future of its own context, as well as into other areas further afield.CreateTo show that the student has learned something from the text, we ask them to use their tablets to create a piece of work that proves his or her understanding. So he uses QuickGraph to experiment with variables and functions until he creates a sine curve, y=sin(x). This means that we don't have to go to the library to read a book or to find an idea or to access the latest data in our field. It might be as simple as a summary text written with the word processor, or as complex as an original play written on, rehearsed with, and filmed through, the tablet. They used mechanical tools, they did the same thing all day, and had little connection with the world outside.Now let us look at the workplace of today, workplace 3 point zero, very different from the factory.
Each group plots its prediction with the graphing tools on their various laptops and mobile devices, runs and records the experimental apparatus, and reviews the digital video.
So the valuable skill these days is not locating and memorizing information, but knowing what you need, figuring out what it means, and determining what to do with it.
He is curious: Where does the plot first cross the x-axis?Our student is ready to build his presentation. The tablet harbors tools to create many different types of work products.QuizThe tablet can also check for understanding through traditional quizzes and tests.
The sixth graders are hard at work designing alternative roof systems more friendly to the environment than the rubber fabric proposed in the bid.
A lecture that repeats the information that any student could find online easily it's not worth sitting through. Many ePub authoring tools include quiz-makers that embed themselves right in the text, and are self-correcting.
One group designs a green roof, with rocks, grass, small bushes, and other natural features that conserve water and provide outdoor laboratory space for science experiments. So at the best schools the best teachers are using their lecture time in very different ways. Teachers may also link directly from the ePub to quizzes and tests in the school's learning management system.So next time you need your students to work with a text, especially an informational piece, consider following the seven-step process described in this article, and doing it all on the tablet. Instead of laying out the information that the students need to know, these teachers use class time to answer students' questions, conduct live experiments, and discuss the implications of the topic at hand. Before the class meeting, the professor sends the students online to get the basic information that used to be in the lecture.
How many square meters is that?" They do the calculations, multiplying and dividing decimals in rapid succession. They must bring to bear chemistry, mathematics, biology, history and literature to solve the problem. They are thrown for a loop when their research finds that gravel is sold in cubic yards, not meters: more calculation, more math.
No more sit and git.The paper textbookThe second implication of the technology trends is the end of the paper textbook and the paper journal.
They must gather information from many sources, most of it on the network, arriving in many different formats. The approaches in these examples begin with a practical problem worth solving, one that requires certain math concepts and skills for its solution. The business plans of all the major textbook publishers call for the paper version to come to an end as various forms of digital online books to become the core of their business. Unlike a sheet of paper, the tablet can organize what he writes, find it later, and move his written work from one app to another. The questions and the challenge are carefully designed by the teacher to require the learning and practice of the kinds of math the students need to learn. For periodicals, each week sees an announcement from another journal announcing that it's abandoning its print version and going to an all-online publishing format.Our students prefer this. The tablet can be for a student a camera, a television, a telephone, a library, and an atlas. This is what the principal meant by turning the math curriculum upside down.Have these students come back in contact with the predictive and explanatory power of mathematics? The most recent survey of college students found that nearly six in 10 students preferred digital books when reading for class, compared with one-third who said they preferred printed textbooks. Have they come to understand how it might help them get their work done, now and in the adult world? What happens in class is more up-to-date, the work focuses on discussions, questions, and implications and the future, rather than on a recitation of the findings of the past.These three trends and these three implications have changed the expectations of our students. They expect to come to a college where the classroom is up-to-date, lively, and focused on thinking. They expect all the information they need to be available online and playable on their mobile device, so that they may study anywhere at anytime. They expect their professors and their college to take advantage of the latest information technologies, and to understand how to take full advantage of the mobile device and the information revolution.
An institution of higher education that fails to meet these expectations and improve academic quality will quickly lose its reputation.
Today's workplace demands people who can work in small groups to solve problems, using digital tools, prepared to perform many different tasks during the day, without close supervision, and with a large circle of connections.



Evaluation of an online study skills course london
Printable time management article


Comments

  1. 13.09.2013 at 12:42:28


    Numbers for you that you can use in those games there is a 9.748% chance you will get.

    Author: GameOver
  2. 13.09.2013 at 17:46:10


    Begin living the sort of life you have often dreamed foods you eat whose.

    Author: Nurlan_Naseh
  3. 13.09.2013 at 19:43:26


    Overall health and Wellness degrees book of life powerpoint presentation or Wellness are entirely distinct easy 10 Minute Manifestation Workout routines As the.

    Author: Dedmopo3