We apologize for the problems with our menu, we are working hard to put things back in order. The focus is on vocabulary and topics used in the worlds of business, trade, finance, and international relations. Each unit covers specific vocabulary and expressions, reviews appropriate grammar points, provides reading and analytical studies and requires your participation in a range of creative problem solving, brainstorming and meeting activities.
As a truly global-oriented course, it will teach you how business cultures and conditions differ from one English speaking country to another, as well as cultural comparisons and how they affect the use of language. This program can be combined with practicing your newly acquired language skills in real life by being placed in a company in Sydney. If you are a Super Intensive student, you may start your class at 1:30 pm on the first day (Monday) after the Orientation.
The school remains open during the entire time (24 Dec 2012 – 7 Jan 2013), only closing on the public holidays shown above.
School operations & classes runs as usual and students are expected to come to class during that time.
Student Visa holders have to register with OSHC (Overseas Student Health Cover), the compulsory Australian student medical insurance. Working Holiday VisaA and Work and Holiday Visa holders will have to organise their own medical insurance.
After you are accepted for the program and paid the fees, you receive a Letter of Acceptance. If you are going to apply for the Student Visa, you will also receive an Electronic Confirmation of Enrolment form (e-CoE) which you need for your visa application. Students from Belgium, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, HKSAR, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Taiwan and United Kingdom can apply for this type of visa. This visa is for people from Bangladesh, Chile, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey and the USA, who want to travel and work for up to 12 months in Australia.
Many people don’t realize that accommodation cost about the same, if not more, than the program itself!
This program can offer you a wide range of accommodation from self-catering student guesthouse to a full-board homestay with an Australian family. Home Stay accommodation is available as Half-Board, which includes both breakfast and dinner (+ 3 meals on the weekends), No Meals with use of kitchen facilities (schedule arranged by family) or Twin Share, which is a private room shared with a travelling companion, breakfast and dinner and 3 meals on the weekends. Student guesthouses are great for enjoying the company of your peers from many other countries of the world.
A common strategy of students on budget is to pay for two or three weeks of the accommodation arranged by the program to have a place to stay after their arrival, and find a cheaper roomshare during this period. Many participants are interested in the opportunity to having a paid job alongside the course. Check also Work and Travel, Work and Study or Internships if you are more interested in working than studying. Importantly, any such employment happens outside this program and must not interfere with your classes! Under this scenario, you will be left with AU$12,056 to cover your other expenses, having fun in Australia and bringing some money back. Under this scenario, half year of quality language school and accommodation with one meal per day in Australia will cost you AU$4,995. Comment: With the Intensive course, 20 hours of classes means just 4 hours of school every day. All bank transfer fees are born by the participant regardless of the direction of the transfer. If paying by bank transfer $30 should be added to invoice total in order to cover bank charges. Holders of other visas can buy the sponsor-arranged insurance or enclose a proof of their own insurance in English.
If you wish to change your accommodation and want the new one be arranged by the program sponsor.
Cancelling homestay accommodation requires at least 4 weeks notice, otherwise A 2 weeks’ accommodation fee is charged. If any course is terminated before its commencement, course monies will be refunded in full.
Per the ESOS Act 2000, if any course is terminated after the course commencement date, the school will arrange for the transfer of the student to another institution offering a similar course at no extra expense to the student. Instructions for transfer of the refund, regardless of the payment method, are used exactly as supplied by the participant.
Fill it out, pay the Application Processing Fee and email the PDFs back to us, we will check that everything is done correctly.
If you are applying for the Student Visa, you will also receive your e-CoE (Electronic Confirmation of Enrolment form). Dear Millyta, now that we know that you are from Indonesia, we also know that you will need Section 570 Student Visa in order to do this course as a Work & Study program. Hello Abel, you’re right, you can choose any duration of the course between 4 and 15 weeks. I am highly interested in Business english study,i m a nigerian,a veterinary doctor currently working with an agro allied industry,managing, selling and marketing livestock. So for my self development, i m looking forward to studying in Austrial and getting an internship program or work placement in my chosen career. I’m from the Philippines, can I apply for either Working Holiday Visa or Work and Holiday Visa? Hi Jowena, the Philippines have never been one of the countries whose citizens can apply for either of these visas.
Scott Rae and Kenman Wong,A Beyond Integrity: A Judeo-Christian Approach to Business Ethics, Zondervan, 2nd ed. Explain the roles of formalization, centralization, levels in the hierarchy, and departmentalization in employee attitudes and behaviors. Describe how the elements of organizational structure can be combined to create mechanistic and organic structures.
Understand the advantages and disadvantages of mechanistic and organic structures for organizations.
Organizational structureHow individual and team work within an organization are coordinated.
CentralizationThe degree to which decision-making authority is concentrated at higher levels in an organization.
Many companies find that the centralization of operations leads to inefficiencies in decision making.
Changing their decision-making approach to a more decentralized style has helped Caterpillar compete at the global level.
Hitting the right balance between decentralization and centralization is a challenge for many organizations. FormalizationThe extent to which policies, procedures, job descriptions, and rules are written and explicitly articulated. While formalization reduces ambiguity and provides direction to employees, it is not without disadvantages. Another important element of a company’s structure is the number of levels it has in its hierarchy.
Research indicates that flat organizations provide greater need satisfaction for employees and greater levels of self-actualization.Ghiselli, E. Companies such as IKEA, the Swedish furniture manufacturer and retailer, are successfully using flat structures within stores to build an employee attitude of job involvement and ownership. Organizational structures differ in terms of departmentalization, which is broadly categorized as either functional or divisional.
Organizations using functional structuresStructures in which jobs are grouped based on similarity in functions. In organizations using divisional structuresWhen departments represent the unique products, services, customers, or geographic locations the company is serving., departments represent the unique products, services, customers, or geographic locations the company is serving. In reality, many organizations are structured according to a mixture of functional and divisional forms. The different elements making up organizational structures in the form of formalization, centralization, number of levels in the hierarchy, and departmentalization often coexist. Mechanistic structuresThose structures that resemble a bureaucracy and are highly formalized and centralized. Despite these downsides, however, mechanistic structures have advantages when the environment is more stable. In contrast to mechanistic structures, organic structuresThose structures that are flexible and decentralized with low levels of formalization where communication lines are more fluid and flexible. The degree to which a company is centralized and formalized, the number of levels in the company hierarchy, and the type of departmentalization the company uses are key elements of a company’s structure. Please call us on: 01392 411999 for more information or you are having problems trying to book this programme.
This is a great course for any qualified EFL teacher who wants assistance in teaching Business English.
With specific sections on teaching 1-1, course design, the basic skills and functional English, you’ll have the opportunity to create tailor-made lessons for your business students.

Written by EFL professionals with a wealth of experience in planning and delivering practical Business English classes, this course gives insight into valuable teaching techniques and provides useful photocopiable activities for a wide range of business based activities. This course is for existing EFL teachers who wish to enhance their career and learn more about teaching in this specialised area of Business English. Our courses are open to all native and non-native English speakers with good written and spoken English. It is an extensive educational program intended for people who already speak English at at least intermediate level, and who want to be able to compete for professional positions in top international corporations.
Taught are language skills needed for typical business communication such as presentations, negotiations, meetings, small talk, correspondence, report writing, and so on. If you intend to work in Australia, make absolutely sure that your insurance covers any injuries sustained while working!
If you want to extend your visa after the course, you can, but you can extend it for tourist-only purposes for a second 3 months and sometimes further.
This is a 12-month visa, which permits a maximum of 16 weeks of study during the 12 months.
This visa allows you to supplement the cost of your holiday through periods of temporary or casual employment. With a population of over 4 million people, Sydney has all the excitement of a big city but is surrounded by beaches and mountains. You will be talking with the family members in the morning as you get up, during breakfast and then in the evening. For simplicity, we are only showing prices of HB and No Meals, please ask about the remaining options. This is ideal for a casual learner who doesn’t mind listening to equally imperfect English of his or her companions.
Partly they want to help cover their expenses, partly to practice their English and partly to really feel like they are living in Australia.
If you come to Australia on theA Student Visa, you must take up a full time course during the whole duration of your stay.
Even with having to prepare for the next day’s classes, this leaves you enough time for part-time work. Alternatively, the student may elect to have the unused portion of the course monies refunded. You must know enough English to: complete the application, make the payment, arrive to the school.
There is a talk at the government level about making student loans available to overseas students too, but so far it hasn’t happened. However, it gives you a solid Business English education that will go a long way towards helping you pass the test. One is the Work & Study program, which involves paid placements in restaurants, cafes, etc. Does that mean that I can take the course with a minimum 4 weeks participation and maximum 15 weeks?
You’ll get payment instructions by email after we get your pre-enrollment form back from you. The course emphasizes both the philosophical foundations of ethical conduct and the practical problems encountered in the day-to-day conduct of business affairs. Which elements of a company’s structure make a difference in how we behave and how work is coordinated? For example, in the 1980s, the industrial equipment manufacturer Caterpillar suffered the consequences of centralized decision making. Some employees are more comfortable in an organization where their manager confidently gives instructions and makes decisions. For example, some analysts believe that the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) experiences some problems because all its structure and systems are based on the assumption that crime needs to be investigated after it happens. At the Home Depot, the retail giant with over 2,000 stores across the United States, Canada, Mexico, and China, one of the major changes instituted by former CEO Bob Nardelli was to centralize most of its operations.
A high degree of formalization may actually lead to reduced innovativeness because employees are used to behaving in a certain manner. Keeping the size of the organization constant, tall structuresOrganizations with several layers of management between frontline employees and the top level.
For example, if the company has multiple product lines, departmentalizing by product may increase innovativeness and reduce response times. Functional structures tend to be effective when an organization does not have a large number of products and services requiring special attention. As a result, we can talk about two configurations of organizational structures, depending on how these elements are arranged. These elements of structure affect the degree to which the company is effective and innovative as well as employee attitudes and behaviors at work. There is also a section on the use of the Internet and IT in the EFL classroom, as well as links to useful websites where students can find a wealth of Internet resources for teaching Business English. Applicants should already hold a TEFL certificate and have some experience in teaching EFL.
If you are a non-native English speaker, please see the course eligibility requirements on our FAQ page. 30 study hours and typically take between 3-4 weeks to complete but you can go faster or slower than that if you wish. Please check with the Australian embassy nearest you how much money you have to have available for covering your living costs in Australia in order to receive your visa.
The other 9 months allows you to work, however, you can not work for more than 6 months with any one employer. The relaxed lifestyle of Australians and the natural beauty of the country make Sydney a perfect destination for a young international traveler wishing to study English while enjoying life in a far-away country!
Each residence contains a range of rooms, all with wireless Internet, TV and DVD or VCR player and wardrobe space, as well as a courtyard area and a fully equipped kitchen. Or perhaps you are applying as a group of friends and will rent a cheap apartment together.
You are allowed to work but only outside of these study hours, and a maximum of 20 hours per week. I suggest though that you also check if you possibly need some sort of a certificate for immigration purposes. Please, read the W&S program description carefully to make sure it meets your expectations. To achieve organizational goals and objectives, individual work needs to be coordinated and managed. We will review four aspects of structure that have been frequently studied in the literature: centralization, formalization, hierarchical levels, and departmentalization.
In centralized companies, many important decisions are made at higher levels of the hierarchy, whereas in decentralized companies, decisions are made and problems are solved at lower levels by employees who are closer to the problem in question. Decentralized companies give more authority to lower-level employees, resulting in a sense of empowerment. At the time, all pricing decisions were made in the corporate headquarters in Peoria, Illinois. Centralization may also lead to more efficient operations, particularly if the company is operating in a stable environment.Ambrose, M.
Over time, this assumption led to a situation where, instead of following an overarching strategy, each FBI unit is completely decentralized and field agents determine how investigations should be pursued.
Before Nardelli’s arrival in 2000, Home Depot store managers made a number of decisions autonomously and each store had an entrepreneurial culture. In fact, strategic decision making in such organizations often occurs only when there is a crisis. Such structures may have departments such as marketing, manufacturing, finance, accounting, human resources, and information technology.
Within each department, functions such as marketing, manufacturing, and other roles are replicated. Each of these departments may have dedicated marketing, manufacturing, and customer service employees serving the specific product; yet, the company may also find that centralizing some operations and retaining the functional structure makes sense and is more cost effective for roles such as human resources management and information technology.
When a company has a diverse product line, each product will have unique demands, deeming divisional (or product-specific) structures more useful for promptly addressing customer demands and anticipating market changes. Therefore, in organizations that are trying to maximize efficiency and minimize costs, mechanistic structures provide advantages.
In Organizations with an organic structure, communication lines are more fluid and flexible. If you wish for a taxi to wait for you at the airport, you must supply your arrival details at least 2 weeks prior to your arrival. You will really practice your language skills, pick up new words and listen to the correct accent.
If you come on a Working Holiday Visa or Work & Holiday Visa (if your country is eligible), you are allowed to work full time for one year in Australia but must change employers after 6 months. These positions generally pay between AU$10 and AU$18 (see also the Australian Minimum Wage below), with deductions for taxes and any other services provided by the employer, for instance meals. Arrival details include: arrival date, arrival airport, the airline, flight number and arrival time.

If you have the financial means, the Internship placement is obviously a better match for your Business English course. So am I supposed to have paid the cash 6 weeks in advance after I’ve been accepted or can I take a shorter or longer period (like 7 or 8 weeks). Structure is a valuable tool in achieving coordination, as it specifies reporting relationships (who reports to whom), delineates formal communication channels, and describes how separate actions of individuals are linked together. We view these four elements as the building blocks, or elements, making up a company’s structure. Decisions can be made more quickly, and employees often believe that decentralized companies provide greater levels of procedural fairness to employees. This meant that when a sales representative working in Africa wanted to give a discount on a product, they needed to check with headquarters.
These structures control employee behavior using written rules, so that employees have little autonomy to decide on a case-by-case basis. A formalized structure is associated with reduced motivation and job satisfaction as well as a slower pace of decision making.Fredrickson, J. In these structures, each person serves a specialized role and handles large volumes of transactions.
The same organization may also create geographic departments if it is serving different countries.
Communication tends to follow formal channels and employees are given specific job descriptions delineating their roles and responsibilities.
For example, McDonald’s has a famously bureaucratic structure where employee jobs are highly formalized, with clear lines of communication and specific job descriptions.
Employee job descriptions are broader and employees are asked to perform duties based on the specific needs of the organization at the time as well as their own expertise levels.
Mechanistic structures are rigid and bureaucratic and help companies achieve efficiency, while organic structures are decentralized, flexible, and aid companies in achieving innovativeness.
It is ideal to schedule your arrival for Saturday or Sunday around the noon time, or before.
If you get a position where you get tips, such as a waiter, you may make more money on the tips than what is your wage!
You may also be able to live more cheaply, for instance if you find yourself a roomshare with other students. If they actually issue your visa for longer than 12 weeks, you can then keep extending your English course past those 12 weeks in one-week increments as you indicate you’d like to. That will of course not cover all your expenses, but it indeed does help to reduce the overall cost of it. You will obviously be tested and interviewed as a part of your application process and then re-tested after your arrival and placed in the appropriate course, depending on your English level. Organizations can function within a number of different structures, each possessing distinct advantages and disadvantages.
Then we will examine how these building blocks come together to form two different configurations of structures. Headquarters did not always have accurate or timely information about the subsidiary markets to make an effective decision.
For example, for a company of that size, centralizing purchasing operations led to big cost savings because the company could negotiate important discounts from suppliers. In tall structures, the number of employees reporting to each manager tends to be smaller, resulting in greater opportunities for managers to supervise and monitor employee activities. For example, in a functional structure, an employee in the marketing department may serve as an event planner, planning promotional events for all the products of the company.
Instead of performing specialized tasks, employees will be in charge of performing many different tasks in the service of the product.
In contrast, organizations using product divisions are more agile and can perform better in turbulent environments. Mechanistic organizations are often rigid and resist change, making them unsuitable for innovativeness and taking quick action. This structure is an advantage for them because it allows McDonald’s to produce a uniform product around the world at minimum cost. Organic structures tend to be related to higher levels of job satisfaction on the part of employees. That way, even if your flight is delayed, which happens quite often, you reduce the likelihood of arriving late at night. But 12 weeks is the minimum in your case, not because of the school, but because of the visa. Although any structure that is not properly managed will be plagued with issues, some organizational models are better equipped for particular environments and tasks.
Because centralized organizations assign decision-making responsibility to higher-level managers, they place greater demands on the judgment capabilities of CEOs and other high-level managers.
As a result, Caterpillar was at a disadvantage against competitors such as the Japanese firm Komatsu. At the same time, many analysts think that the centralization went too far, leading to the loss of the service-oriented culture at the stores.
Whenever a problem at work arises, employees know to turn to a handbook or a procedure guideline. In contrast, flat structures involve a larger number of employees reporting to each manager.
For example, a marketing employee in a company with a divisional structure may be in charge of planning promotions, coordinating relations with advertising agencies, and planning and conducting marketing research, all for the particular product line handled by his or her division.
These forms have the downside of inhibiting entrepreneurial action and discouraging the use of individual initiative on the part of employees. On Monday morning at 8.15 am, you will attend your orientation and after that start your course. Seeking to overcome this centralization paralysis, Caterpillar underwent several dramatic rounds of reorganization in the 1990s and 2000s.Nelson, G. Therefore, employees respond to problems in a similar way across the organization; this leads to consistency of behavior.
In such a structure, managers will be relatively unable to provide close supervision, leading to greater levels of freedom of action for each employee. Research shows that when employees work in product divisions in turbulent environments, because activities are diverse and complex, their performance depends on their general mental abilities.Hollenbeck, J.
The name of the school as Access and it’s located in downtown Sydney, not far from the central train station. The presence of a mechanistic structure has been shown to be related to firm performance in new ventures.Sine, W. Relationships of tall and flat organization structures to the satisfactions of foreign managers. Relationships between organizational structure and employee reactions: Comparing alternative frameworks.
Research shows that when managers supervise a large number of employees, which is more likely to happen in flat structures, employees experience greater levels of role ambiguity—the confusion that results from being unsure of what is expected of a worker on the job.Chonko, L.
Revisiting Burns and Stalker: Formal structure and new venture performance in emerging economic sectors.
Structural contingency theory and individual differences: Examination of external and internal person-team fit. The relationship of span of control to sales representatives’ experienced role conflict and role ambiguity. An example of a company that has an organic structure is the diversified technology company 3M.
This is especially a disadvantage for employees who need closer guidance from their managers.
At 3M, there are close to 100 profit centers, with each division feeling like a small company.
Moreover, in a flat structure, advancement opportunities will be more limited because there are fewer management layers.
Finally, while employees report that flat structures are better at satisfying their higher-order needs such as self-actualization, they also report that tall structures are better at satisfying security needs of employees.Porter, L.
As operations within each division get too big and a product created by a division becomes profitable, the operation is spun off to create a separate business unit.
This is done to protect the agility of the company and the small-company atmosphere.Adair, J. The service industry is particularly susceptible to problems associated with high levels of formalization. Sometimes employees who are listening to a customer’s problems may need to take action, but the answer may not be specified in any procedural guidelines or rulebook.
For example, while a handful of airlines such as Southwest do a good job of empowering their employees to handle complaints, in many airlines, lower-level employees have limited power to resolve a customer problem and are constrained by stringent rules that outline a limited number of acceptable responses. Because tall structures are typical of large and well-established companies, it is possible that when working in such organizations employees feel a greater sense of job security.

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