1906: Availability of panchromatic black and white film and therefore high quality color separation color photography. G+ #Read of the Day: The Daguerreotype - The daguerreotype, an early form of photograph, was invented by Louis Daguerre in the early 19th c. The first photograph (1826) - Joseph Niepce, a French inventor and pioneer in photography, is generally credited with producing the first photograph. Easy Peasy Fact:Following Niepcea€™s experiments, in 1829 Louis Daguerre stepped up to make some improvements on a novel idea. The Life Coach Directory: Find the Life Coach Just Perfect for YouWelcome to the Life Coach Directory and congratulations if you are considering hiring the services of a certified life coach!
Every coach featured on the Life Coach Directory has successfully completed a rigorous certification process that involves mastering theory, embarking on extensive practical training, taking a written exam and signing a declaration to abide by a code of ethics modelled on that required by COMENSA (Coaches and Mentors Association of South Africa).
Each coach featured on this life coach directory acts in his or her own independent capacity.
Make Lasting Change in All Areas of Your LifeLife Coaching – also called Personal Coaching – is a solution-focused approach to personal development that can help you to make lasting change in all areas of your life.
With the motivation, support and caring that a quality life coach can provide, you will find you are capable of achieving far more, and leading a much more fulfilling life, than if left to your own devices. A life coach will guide and inspire you to bring about a clearer understanding of your aspirations, goals and life purpose – and to effect the necessary changes in your current and future behaviour to ensure the realisation of those goals and aspirations.
Our Featured Life CoachIt is our pleasure to present, below, our featured coach, who is ready to assist you to take your life to the next level of possibility. Berenice’s mission is to guide and inspire her clients to find their true potential and achieve the greatness that they deserve. Natalie has a track record of helping corporate and private clients to excel in achieving their goals and leverage coaching as the key to their ongoing success. One thing is certain, Marion enjoys coaching people, whether that be one-to-one or in a group. As she says, “I take great pleasure in helping entrepreneurs in small and medium sized businesses develop and execute their future business plans. Through her coaching Marion aims to open people’s eyes to how easily they can be the best they can. Hilary, through hjer practice  Nuhorizons, specialises in coaching people through important changes in their lives.
Hilary’s background in Occupational Therapy has given her a very practical outlook on life and a fascination for human behaviour. The two main areas Hilary focuses on in coaching are retirement and starting or scaling up a small business.
Mats seeks to uncover and eliminate destructive behavioural and thinking patterns that impede progress, while equipping his clients with empowering tools that have been scientifically proven to work. Mats offers a solution-focused approach to personal growth that is designed to make lasting changes in all areas of his clients’ lives. Ataraxia is all about empowering your life.  In a supportive environment with one on one sessions you will be pushed to excel, to be the best you can be and live your dreams. Nomase Sonqishe is a professional banker who is passionate about encouraging others and sees herself as the champion for the underdog. Nomase’s life purpose, underpinned by a strong belief that God has given us everything needed to be the best that we can be, is to enourage people to reach within themselves for their God given resources and thereby reach their goals and dreams,  ultimately discovering their own life purpose. Dulci is President of U-Thrive International and is a successful Life Coach, Entrepreneurial Marketing Mindsets Mentor and Image Consultant. Dulci has been an entrepreneur for all of her adult life and has substantial experience in the fields of business marketing, image and mindsets. Under Dulci’s leadership, U-Thrive’s mission is to equip individuals and business clients with ambition, to Thrive beyond their wildest dreams! Timothy is a Pretoria based life coach who provides a challenging, supportive and empowering environment within which to achieve your personal and professional goals. Timothy can provide coaching and motivational speaking throughout Gauteng and South Africa using Skype and the Telephone. Marlene places great importance on building relationships with her clients within set boundaries. Evette is constantly amazed by the power we have within; the power we possess to make the changes we desire, the power to lead extraordinary lives … and yet the power that our minds have to convince us otherwise! Evette understands the power we have to dream courageous dreams and yet, as she says: “Dreams will stay dreams without the courage to take action fearlessly”.
Evette’s own dream – and the dream she is realising as a life coach – is to set her clients free from the fears and limiting beliefs that hold them back and introduce empowering beliefs needed to live the lives they dream about.
After the sudden death of her husband in a cycling accident at age 44 – and the traumatic experience of heroin addiction of a loved one – Frances embarked on an intense spiritual and life changing journey, which led her to find her purpose and passion in life: helping others to discover their own unique gifts and pursue their passions. Frances has been through the ‘school of life’ and uses her wisdom, intuition and experience to guide and equip her clients to find renewal and live a life of love, joy, peace and abundance. If you are ready to start designing the life you know inside yourself you are truly capable of living, then Tania is the coach for you. Herman boasts 30 years experience in business and management and specialises in business and personal development coaching. Herman feels privileged to help people become the best they can be in their business and in their personal lives. Studying Psychology increased Tobo’s interest in understanding human behaviour and how to help people understand the potential they have within. Michelle worked in marketing and sales for some 25 years and couldn’t help but notice how clients always opened up to her, wanting to trust in her and share their personal problems and aspirations with her.


Michelle took this as a cue to start looking into personal coaching and healing methods that would allow her to assist clients with difficulties and inspire them to be their best.
Talbot was active from the mid-1830s, and sits alongside Louis Daguerre as one of the fathers of the medium.
Niepcea€™s photograph shows a view from the Window at Le Gras, and it only took eight hours of exposure time!The history of photography has roots in remote antiquity with the discovery of the principle of the camera obscura and the observation that some substances are visibly altered by exposure to light.
Again employing the use of solvents and metal plates as a canvas, Daguerre utilized a combination of silver and iodine to make a surface more sensitive to light, thereby taking less time to develop.
This site is geared to helping you find just the right coach for you, so you can get going fast, and be all you can be!
Coaches facilitate this change using specific tools and scientifically tested techniques that work, thereby empowering you to be the very best you can be. Now, as a life coach, she is doing what comes naturally but with the added benefit of top quality training and certification to add to her extensive life and career experience. Marion has also completed the executive coaching course at UCT and has now found her niche in business coaching. Change is inevitable; it is how we deal with it that helps us achieve what we want out of life. Many years of running her own small businesses have given Hilary great insight into this sector making her the ideal coach to help you bring about positive change in your SME.
This allows his clients to heighten their awareness of who they really are and to live more consciously. He aims to help you identify your passion and develop it with action, growth, confidence and motivation. Nomase always sees potential for growth in everyone she comes across and knows that with encouragement this potential can be unleashed so that they may succeed in any chosen area of  life. Clients will learn how to turn frustration into liberation as well as how to change their image inside and out such that they will be successful, happy and financially rewarded. His passion is to see his clients lead their lives well and develop to their full potential. She has over 30 years experience in corporate Human Resources, Finance and Training & Development leadership in various roles.
Using a goal oriented approach, she helps her clients to face and overcome obstacles by seeking alternatives to find holistic solutions to issues.
And with a powerful combination of advanced coach training and a wealth of business experience he is uniquely equipped to do just that!
As a wife, mother of five and a business woman she would love to see all young people grow into responsible, focused, proactive adults who will not stop at anything to achieve their goals. This brought her to the realisation that her true passion lies not in products but in people.
Porta (1541-1615), a wise Neapolitan, was able to get the image of well-lighted objects through a small hole in one of the faces of a dark chamber; with a convergent lens over the enlarged hole, he noticed that the images got even clearer and sharper.
Though he is most famous for his contributions to photography, he was also an accomplished painter and a developer of the diorama theatre.
As far as is known, nobody thought of bringing these two phenomena together to capture camera images in permanent form until around 1800, when Thomas Wedgwood made the first reliably documented although unsuccessful attempt. She has the ability to offer compassion blended with the necessary firmness that ensures her clients are pushed to find their greatness.
Then she motivates them to take the actions they need to, always testing to ensure she is adding real value.
Schulze mixes chalk, nitric acid, and silver in a flask; notices darkening on side of flask exposed to sunlight. A daguerreotype, produced on a silver-plated copper sheet, produces a mirror image photograph of the exposed scene. The alchemist Fabricio, more or less at the same period of time, observed that silver chloride was darkened by the action of light. Chemistry student Robert Cornelius was so fascinated by the chemical process involved in Daguerrea€™s work that he sought to make some improvements himself. It was only two hundred years later that the physicist Charles made the first photographic impression, by projecting the outlines of one of his pupils on a white paper sheet impregnated with silver chloride. It was commercially introduced in 1839, a date generally accepted as the birth year of practical photography.The metal-based daguerreotype process soon had some competition from the paper-based calotype negative and salt print processes invented by Henry Fox Talbot. And in 1839 Cornelius shot a self-portrait daguerrotype that some historians believe was the first modern photograph of a man ever produced. The photos were turned into lantern slides and projected in registration with the same color filters. In 1802, Wedgwood reproduced transparent drawings on a surface sensitized by silver nitrate and exposed to light.
Nicephore Niepce (1765-1833) had the idea of using as sensitive material the bitumen, which is altered and made insoluble by light, thus keeping the images obtained unaltered. Long before the first photographs were made, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid described a pinhole camera in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE.
He communicated his experiences to Daguerre (1787-1851) who noticed that a iodide-covered silver plate - thedaguerreotype -, by exposition to iodine fumes, was impressed by the action of light action, and that the almost invisible alteration could be developed with the exposition to mercury fumes. In the 6th century CE, Byzantine mathematician Anthemius of Tralles used a type of camera obscura in his experimentsIbn al-Haytham (Alhazen) (965 in Basra a€“ c. It was then fixed with a solution of potassium cyanide, which dissolves the unaltered iodine.The daguerreotype (1839) was the first practical solution for the problem of photography. In 1841, Claudet discovered quickening substances, thanks to which exposing times were shortened.


More or less at the same time period, EnglishWilliam Henry Talbot substituted the steel daguerreotype with paper photographs (named calotype).
Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals (photochemical effect) in 1694. Niepce of Saint-Victor (1805-1870), Nicephorea€™s cousin, invented the photographic glass plate covered with a layer of albumin, sensitized by silver iodide. The novel Giphantie (by the French Tiphaigne de la Roche, 1729a€“74) described what could be interpreted as photography.Around the year 1800, Thomas Wedgwood made the first known attempt to capture the image in a camera obscura by means of a light-sensitive substance. Maddox and Benett, between 1871 and 1878, discovered the gelatine-bromide plate, as well as how to sensitize it. As with the bitumen process, the result appeared as a positive when it was suitably lit and viewed. A strong hot solution of common salt served to stabilize or fix the image by removing the remaining silver iodide. On 7 January 1839, this first complete practical photographic process was announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, and the news quickly spread. At first, all details of the process were withheld and specimens were shown only at Daguerre's studio, under his close supervision, to Academy members and other distinguished guests. Paper with a coating of silver iodide was exposed in the camera and developed into a translucent negative image. Unlike a daguerreotype, which could only be copied by rephotographing it with a camera, a calotype negative could be used to make a large number of positive prints by simple contact printing. The calotype had yet another distinction compared to other early photographic processes, in that the finished product lacked fine clarity due to its translucent paper negative. This was seen as a positive attribute for portraits because it softened the appearance of the human face. Talbot patented this process,[20] which greatly limited its adoption, and spent many years pressing lawsuits against alleged infringers. He attempted to enforce a very broad interpretation of his patent, earning himself the ill will of photographers who were using the related glass-based processes later introduced by other inventors, but he was eventually defeated.
Nonetheless, Talbot's developed-out silver halide negative process is the basic technology used by chemical film cameras today. Hippolyte Bayard had also developed a method of photography but delayed announcing it, and so was not recognized as its inventor.In 1839, John Herschel made the first glass negative, but his process was difficult to reproduce.
The new formula was sold by the Platinotype Company in London as Sulpho-Pyrogallol Developer.Nineteenth-century experimentation with photographic processes frequently became proprietary. This adaptation influenced the design of cameras for decades and is still found in use today in some professional cameras.
Petersburg, Russia studio Levitsky would first propose the idea to artificially light subjects in a studio setting using electric lighting along with daylight.
In 1884 George Eastman, of Rochester, New York, developed dry gel on paper, or film, to replace the photographic plate so that a photographer no longer needed to carry boxes of plates and toxic chemicals around. Now anyone could take a photograph and leave the complex parts of the process to others, and photography became available for the mass-market in 1901 with the introduction of the Kodak Brownie.A practical means of color photography was sought from the very beginning. Results were demonstrated by Edmond Becquerel as early as 1848, but exposures lasting for hours or days were required and the captured colors were so light-sensitive they would only bear very brief inspection in dim light.The first durable color photograph was a set of three black-and-white photographs taken through red, green and blue color filters and shown superimposed by using three projectors with similar filters. It was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861 for use in a lecture by the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who had proposed the method in 1855.[27] The photographic emulsions then in use were insensitive to most of the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect and the demonstration was soon forgotten. Maxwell's method is now most widely known through the early 20th century work of Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii. Included were methods for viewing a set of three color-filtered black-and-white photographs in color without having to project them, and for using them to make full-color prints on paper.[28]The first widely used method of color photography was the Autochrome plate, commercially introduced in 1907.
If the individual filter elements were small enough, the three primary colors would blend together in the eye and produce the same additive color synthesis as the filtered projection of three separate photographs.
Autochrome plates had an integral mosaic filter layer composed of millions of dyed potato starch grains.
Reversal processing was used to develop each plate into a transparent positive that could be viewed directly or projected with an ordinary projector. The mosaic filter layer absorbed about 90 percent of the light passing through, so a long exposure was required and a bright projection or viewing light was desirable.
Competing screen plate products soon appeared and film-based versions were eventually made. A complex processing operation produced complementary cyan, magenta and yellow dye images in those layers, resulting in a subtractive color image. Kirsch at the National Institute of Standards and Technology developed a binary digital version of an existing technology, the wirephoto drum scanner, so that alphanumeric characters, diagrams, photographs and other graphics could be transferred into digital computer memory.
The lab was working on the Picturephone and on the development of semiconductor bubble memory. The essence of the design was the ability to transfer charge along the surface of a semiconductor.
Michael Tompsett from Bell Labs however, who discovered that the CCD could be used as an imaging sensor.



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