Responsive web designs adjust the size and position of images, columns, and other elements based on the size of the browser window. Responsive web design is increasingly popular because the biggest challenge of web design today is that your pages are as likely to be projected on a giant computer monitor as on a tiny cell phone screen.
The best way to understand how responsive design works is to visit a website designed with this approach.
Thus, as you drag the side of a browser to make it larger or smaller, you’ll see the design change in real time. Visit the same site on an iPhone, iPad, or other device with a small screen, and you will see just the design that is targeted to fit that size device, as you see in the image at the top of this page. Responsive designs are created by combining one well-crafted HTML page with multiple sets of CSS styles, and then using media queries to target each set of styles. Mobile layout: Targets CSS rules that apply when the browser window is 480 pixels and below. These boxes represent the HTML code. The variations of the position and size of the boxes is controlled by CSS. As you create layouts using responsive design, remember that you are not creating three completely different web pages. You can create responsive web designs using almost any program you can use to design websites. So you’ve decided to design your website or blog using WordPress, the super popular open-source content management system (CMS). This guide provides instructions for creating and updating websites designed with WordPress. Web Sites Do-It-Yourself For Dummies gives you simple, step-by-step instructions to build your confidence as you build your site.
This article assumes you have setup Umbraco 7 in VS 2013 as given in my previous blog post Setting up Umbraco 7 in Visual Studio 2013 for MVC 4 development.
The simple web page that I plan to build will have single Homepage as shown in the Jumbotron bootstrap sample.
As you can see from Figure 3 above the page has three distinct areas primary message, 3 secondary messages and login control.
Since we are trying to build a replica of the Jumbotron Bootstrap sample, the best way to start is to analyze its source and build appropriate parts in Umbraco.
We need to analyze this source to figure out all its external dependencies like images, style sheets and javascripts to ensure we have that available on our project structure.
We need to add our custom jumbotron.css style sheet into to the project, this style sheet will contains styles which are specific to our site.
Now that we have addressed all the external dependencies of the site, its time to start working on the Umbraco templates.
In the Create dialog provide the Name as [PageBase] and click Create to create the Document Template as well as a matching Template with the same name as shown in figure 5. Now that we have our base page setup we need to create Partial View for our Site Navigation Header so that we can include it into our [PageBase] template.
The above listing uses the Bootstrap Navigation bar component to build the navigation menu. In the above listing I have defined a HTML5 based responsive template using Bootstrap classes where necessary. Now we need to define the Home Page document type, expand the Document Types node under Settings. Once you have saved all the properties your properties definition for the Home document type should look like figure 9 below. Now let’s define the matching Home template so that we have appropriate containers defined to display the properties that have been added by us. The above listing 5 lays out the appropriate HTML elements using Bootstrap styles and also uses Umbraco Field razor to provide placeholder for content that will be provided by the end user. I am aware that there exists a Bootstrap package for Umbraco, but I found that it has not been updated in a while so I choose to start with a blank slate. Once you have the Visual Studio 2012 project ready, head over to the Bootstrap website to download its zip file.
Run (Ctrl+F5) the Umbraco project from within Visual Studio to launch it in the browser so that we can start importing the bootstrap items into our project. We need to import the Bootstrap JavaScript and CSS files into our project so that we can use them. The simple website that I plan to build will have single Homepage as shown in the bootstrap sample. As you can see from Figure 1 above the page has three distinct areas primary message, 3 secondary messages and a sidebar. To get started with the custom editing, we need to add our custom site-specific style sheet into to the project, this style sheet will contains styles which are specific to our site. Umbraco allows you to nest Document Types, its an important feature to ensure that common properties for all documents are defined at the base document level so that they are reused in child document types.
Right click on Document Types under Settings and select Create from the context menu (as shown in figure 3) to create a new Document Type. In the Create dialog provide the Name as [PageBase] and click Create to create the Document Template as well as a matching Template with the same name as shown in figure 4.
Once you have saved all the properties your properties definition for the Home document type should look like figure 8 below. The above listing 4 lays out the appropriate HTML elements using Bootstrap styles and also uses Umbraco Field method to provide placeholder for content that will be provided by the end user. You will see that the Home content page is created but unpublished (indicated by the greyed out icon for the page – figure 10) and you are presented with tab to fill up the content for the page. In this blog post I have integrated the popular Twitter Bootstrap framework into Umbraco 6 CMS. The image to the right shows how a Responsive template would display on a Desktop computer. The CSS media query detects the device browser or screen size and switches the CSS stylesheet accordingly.
If you do not care about older browsers and you are gearing your website towards all devices then you will want to use a responsive template. Depending on how you are developing your website will determine how you will obtain your responsive template. Please note: Your name and comment will be displayed, but we will not show your email address. Get help with your questions from our community of like-minded hosting users and InMotion Hosting Staff. Create a responsive website with anchored layersThe Layer object in Quick 'n Easy Web Builder is a very powerful feature for advanced web layouts and it can be used for many different layout types. With responsive design, you create one web page that automatically adjusts to fit the size of a browser window, whether its a browser on an iPhone, and iPad, a 70-inch television screen, or any other device that may ever be used to view your web pages.
Responsive designs respond to differences in the width of a browser window by fluidly adjusting the placement of elements on a web page to fit the available space.
Media queries are CSS rules that inform a web browser about which set of styles should be applied to the page when the browser window is within a specified size.
This layout inherits all styles from the mobile layout and adds styles that to apply to the page only when the browser window is in the tablet size range.
Notice that the same HTML code is used to create the same number of links and articles and that the order of the elements remains the same.
Instead, you’re creating one HTML file that can respond and adjust to fit each of the target screen sizes defined in the media queries. As a result, one of the biggest complexities as you develop responsive designs is coming up with a basic page structure that lends itself to working on all three screen sizes. If you use WordPress, one of the most popular tools for creating websites and blogs, make sure you use a theme that is responsive.


From smartphones to tablets to desktops, the new Fluid Grid Layout in version CS6 makes it easier than ever to set up media queries and design websites with HTML5 and CSS3. Create profile designs that look great on small and large screens with Janine's social media templates. You'll also find tips for choosing the best web hosting service, registering a domain name, finding a great theme and plugins, and finally, recommendations for the size and formatting options you should use for your images. Building a single website which adapts itself depending on the device screen size gives end users richer experiences. The folder structure of the nuget package contents are different from the folder structure required by Umbraco. Before you being building any website in Umbraco its very important to identify the sites structure followed by the structure of each page.
Right click the css folder in the Solution Explorer and select Add –> New Item to open the Add New Item dialog. Run the Umbraco project in Visual Studio, it will launch the site in the default browser and inform you that site needs to be setup.
Switch to the Generic properties tab and click on the Click here to add a new property link to add the 3 properties as listed below and save them. We loop over all published and visible pages in Umbraco to build the dynamic navigation menu. Now that we have the Home template setup we need to update the Home document type so that it uses this template by default.
Its important that you also fill up the SEO Title and SEO Description properties on the Properties tab.
Once the page is published you can see that Umbraco has provided a published date as well as path to view the published page. You can see how the page menu automatically changes to an icon on the mobile screen (Figure 12,13) and other content elements are also laid out one below another on the mobile browser. I have covered all the steps related to integration as well as building your first responsive, fluid Home page in Umbraco 7. I this blog post I am assuming that you have already setup Umbraco 6 with MVC as explained in the last blog post.
Bootstrap provides a wide variety of customization options, for the purpose of this article I am just using the default download, feel free to customize your download as required. If you have not created any content in your Umbraco then you will be presented with the default Set up your website button and click on it to login to the admin site (credentials for the admin site are given in the previous article). In Visual Studio Solution Explorer window right click the project name and select Add – > New Folder from the context menu and give the name css to the new folder (if one does not already exist). Switch to the Generic properties tab and click on the Click here to add a new property bar to add the 3 properties as listed below and save them.
The appropriate Bootstrap style sheets and JavaScripts have also been included into the template file.
You can see how the page menu automatically changes to an icon on the mobile screen (Figure 11,12) and other content elements are also laid out one below another on the mobile browser. I have covered all the steps related to integration as well as building your first responsive, fluid Home page in Umbraco 6.
According to Wikipedia, "Ethan Marcotte coined the term Responsive Web Design (RWD) in a May 2010". Responsive templates are designed specifically to display your website nicely on every device platform like desktop computer, mobile phones, and tablets. The boxes on this example all float horizontally to take up the maximum amount of space on a larger resolution monitor.
More and more people find your business on their phone as apposed to a desktop or a tablet because of the mobile phone access from any location. If you are not familiar with creating templates for a Content Management System (For Example creating a Responsive Template for Joomla), you may just want to download a free one that someone else made. Below is a list of a few sources for different Content Management Systems and HTML5 that have responsive templates available. Essentially, media queries cause the styles applied to a page to change based on the width of the browser window. If you search for responsive WordPress themes, you’ll find a growing list of options, and you can always test any new theme by clicking and dragging your browser window to see the design adjust. I prefer WordPress because it is a far more popular program (nearly 20% of all websites are now built with WordPress, only a small percentage are built with Joomla).
There are several ways of building responsive websites, one of the popular ways to to use an existing framework like Bootstrap which provide base scaffolding to quickly build responsive websites.
So we will have to move some files around to ensure that the bootstrap files are available within the Umbraco framework to be used.
Its essential that this information is thought through before hand so that its easier to arrange the Umbraco doctypes and templates accordingly.
Once we have fixed the areas of the page we will define them as editable below so that the content editors can edit the appropriate content based on the structure of the page and not worry about its display format. Open the Jumbotron sample in the browser right-click and select View Source from the context menu.
Select Style Sheet from the templates selection and give the name jumbotron.css and click OK to create the style sheet file. Click on the Setup your new website button  to be redirected to Umbraco administration site. In the Create dialog give the Name as Navigation and click Create to create the Partial view and open its editor. You can see that rest of the HTML code is copied from the Jumbotron source which we had opened in the browser. I have also changed the path for all local CSS and JavaScript files so that they point to the right local folder.
Provide the document name as Home and uncheck the Create Matching template checkbox and click Create button to create the Home document type under the [PageBase] document.
You can see that even though these properties were defined on the [PageBase] document type, they have been inherited by the Home document type. If you click on that path or access the Umbraco website Url in a new browser you will be able to view the final result of the responsive website. This blog post should serve as a starting point for anyone interested in building responsive fluid layouts on Umbraco 7. There are several ways of building responsive websites, one of the popular ways to to use an existing framework like Bootstrap from Twitter which provide base scaffolding to quickly build responsive websites.
The Visual Studio 2012 project that I am using is already provided as a download in the previous article. Extract the zip file to a temporary folder so that its contents are available for us to import into Umbraco. Select Style Sheet from the templates selection and give the name site.css and click OK to create the style sheet file. In our case there are three properties that we need to define on the base document type: SEO Title, SEO Description and umbracoNaviHide. Under Settings, expand Templates node and click on the [PageBase] template to open it in Umbraco editor. I have defined one section Content on the page which will be replaced by appropriate child pages. As you can see the content page really hides the inner implementation details of the page and just presents the user with a friendly view to edit content as per their requirements. This blog post should serve as a starting point for anyone interested in building responsive fluid layouts on Umbraco 6. Since then Responsive Web Design is becoming an important part of the web development process.
This allows the website to be aesthetically pleasing on any device without having to create a separate mobile site.


With a Responsive Template, the Desktop computer will stretch the site to fit according to the size of the browser.
In order to get the website to display you can have your site responsively switch to a vertical display of the content. This allows a site to be viewed on mobile devices, without having to create a separate site for mobile devices.
If you want to make your own custom website based off of a responsive template, you can follow our tutorial on Creating Responsive Templates. This nuget package creates the folders Content (for CSS files), Fonts (for Font files) and places JavaScripts in the Scripts folder in the root of the project. If you are viewing the source of the jumbotron sample is a browser like chrome, then click jumbotron.css file referenced to see its source.
Copy paste the code from listing 3 below into the editor and click the Save button to save the partial view. We create it under the [PageBase] document so that it can inherit properties defined in the base document.
You will see that the new template uses the [PageBase] template as the master page template. Under the Info tab, Default Template choose Home from the drop down list and click Save button.
Once you have filled all the information, click on the Save and Publish button to publish the page and make it available for everyone to view as shown in Figure 11 below. You can use the Responsive Design View tool available in latest version of FireFox browser to test the responsive capabilities of the site.
We strive to provide our global clients of various sizes with cost effective benefits of offshore development while providing expert technical services. Copy paste the code from listing 1 below into the site.css style sheet file open in visual studio. The first two properties are self explanatory and will map to title and description meta tag in the content header. Copy paste the code from listing 2 below into the editor and click the Save icon to save the partial view. This template with automatically created when we created the Document Type with the same name. You will also find that I am using the Umbraco Field method to define the SEO Title and SEO Description properties that we defined on the [PageBase] document type on the page. Under the Info tab, Default Template choose Home from the drop down list and click Save icon. The power of Umbraco CMS shines in this aspect where you are given totally liberty to define the tabs and its editable properties so that the content is presented to content editors in a format they understand rather than training the content editors to understand the limited structure other CMS systems provide.
Once you have filled all the information, click on the Save and Publish icon (circled red in Figure 10) to publish the page and make it available for everyone to view. The iPad can have a resolution up to 2048 x1536 even though the screen size is only 9.7 inches big.
Responsive means that the layout will adapt itself automatically based on the available screen size. In this tutorial we will use floating layers so that everything inside the content layer will size and move dynamically. In short, there is a much more robust community and many more places to get help and resources for WordPress so I prefer to use it and I feel more confident teaching other people about WordPress because I know they can get help from many other sources as well. The goal is to build a simple single page responsive web page similar to the Jumbotron bootstrap sample and focus on the integration part so that you can build more complex layouts as required. The neat feature of Umbraco is that it can create identical HTML from its template without injecting any tags of its own. Copy paste the code from the css source (as shown in listing 2 below) into the jumbotron.css style sheet file open in visual studio. This template was automatically created when we created the Document Type with the same name. Switch to the Structure tab and select Yes for Allow at root so that Home page can be the root of the site. Copy paste the code from Listing 5 below into the editor for Home template and click the Save button to save the template. The goal is to build a simple single page responsive website similar to the fluid bootstrap sample and focus on the integration part so that you can build more complex layouts as required. This step will import the boostrap style sheets into your Visual Studio project as well as into Umbraco.
Listing 1 contains all the styles required by our custom website, feel free to update the style sheet as per your requirements. Copy paste the code from Listing 4 below into the editor for Home template and click the Save icon to save the template. This makes it necessary to detect the actual screen size of the iPad to adjust the website to the appropriate size. For example on mobile devices with different screen sizes.With Anchored Layer you can anchor one or more sides of the layer to the sides of the page. This is a great feature when you want to implement a new website based on designs provided by a designer.
Listing 2 contains all the styles required by our custom website, feel free to update the style sheet as per your requirements. Save the setting and switch to the Tabs tab so that we can define the tabs required for the Homepage. Click on Content icon, right click on Content and click on Home from the menu to create a new Home page as shown in figure 10. Basically if you set the umbracoNaviHide property on any of the content pages it will make the page invisible from the navigation menu’s even though the page remains published. Copy Paste code from listing 3 into the editor and click the Save icon to save the template in Umbraco. Click on Content icon (figure 2) under Sections and from the top tree view right click on Content under Content title and select Create from the context menu. For example if you enable 'Anchor Left' and 'Anchor Right' then then the layer will stretch if you resize the browser window (the offset to the left and right page border will remain the same). This action will copy over the style sheet files we want to use into the correct Umbraco folder, the Font files and Script files are in their correct folders and do not need any change. Copy Paste code from listing 4 into the editor and click the Save button to save the template in Umbraco.
Add 2 new tabs named Primary Message and Secondary Message by entering the tab name and clicking New Tab button.
This property is optional but I find it a good practice to include it since there are pages like Sitemap which need not show up in the navigation menu but at the same time they are required. Add 3 new tabs named Primary Message, Secondary Message and Sidebar by entering the tab name and clicking New Tab button. Provide the Name as Home and select the Document Type Home and click on Create button to create the new content as shown in figure 9. This completes our integration of Bootstrap into Umbraco we now move on to building our simple responsive website. These properties have been defined looking at the Jumbotron example and every bit of information that we want to be editable on the Home page needs to be defined as a property in the document type definition. This will be the header of the page so place the layer at the top of the page.Set the width to exactly 970 pixels (the height does not matter).



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