The thrilling second chapter of the epic "How to Train Your Dragon" trilogy returns to the fantastical world of the heroic Viking Hiccup and his faithful dragon Toothless. Have each child choose a picture of a farm animal with directions to keep it hidden from the other children. Preparation and Instruction: To start the game, have the child turn around so his or her back is available to you as pretend paper. The Game: Tell the child, I am going to write or draw some farm animals names on your back.
Have different grains (rice, oats, barley, wheat, and corn) for the children to examine and feel.
You know I create names for companies, names for products and the like for positioning and branding purposes in my day job. Citing sources according to the citation style found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychology Association (APA), 6th Edition. More bluntly plagiarism is theft and it goes against the US Copyright law and the USFSP Code of Conduct. As you do your research, keep track of the books, articles, and other resources that you consult WHILE you are doing your research. Finally: If you're still worried, ask your instructor whether you can submit your paper to Turnitin, a plagiarism checking software available through Canvas. A citation style is a consistent method for documenting sources and acknowledging the original creator of an idea, thought, or quote. Using a citation style is the way you can give credit to the people, articles, webpages, videos, artwork, interviews, etc that you used as the basis of your work. Finally, a citation style contributes to the academic process and demonstrates how you have contributed to the scholarly conversation and building upon previous knowledge. In this module, we focus on how to properly create reference entries and in-text citations using the APA Citation Style as defined by the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition. Specifically, you will learn how to format basic sources such as books, journal articles, and web pages.
Your first step is to create a new page called References and locate it at the end of your paper. Each entry should be double-spaced, the first line of the reference should begin at the left margin, while all subsequent lines of the entry should be indented by half an inch (a hanging indent). As you can see, the format of a journal article citation has many similarities to a book reference. A DOI number is a unique number assigned to specific journal articles and is used to indicate that the article content is the same whether it is published in print or electronic format. Creating a proper reference for a webpage can be tricky and finding all the required information can require some work. Scroll to the bottom of the webpage – this is a common location for web designers to document when the webpage was last updated. When you cannot find all the information that you need, include as much information as you can find and try to follow the APA guidelines for the general entry format as closely as possible.
Although most [baseball] players practiced their particular superstitions every game, they expressed relatively little confidence that the behavior actually had an effect on their performance or the outcome of the game. Superstitious rituals are a common behavior among professional baseball players in Japan and the United States. If you have more than two authors, list the last name of the first author and include the term et.
An in-text citation is frequently located at the end of a sentence to indicate that you are citing another author's work. Burmese pythons are an invasive species spreading throughout the Florida Everglades (O'Shea, 2007). However, if the author is mentioned within the sentence, the in-text citation should be included within the sentence immediately proceeding the name. Finally, each source that you cite within your paper should be listed on your Reference page. These tools can help you manage your references, automatically generate your reference list, create in-text citations within your paper, and generally speed up your reference and bibliography process. In the USF Libraries Catalog, click on the Cite This link to automatically generate references in APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA Turabian citation styles. RefWorks is a web-based research management tool that allows you to import references from many electronic databases and catalogs, include in-text citations in your paper, build a bibliography using a variety of citation styles, and create a bibliography in a choice of formats. Try RefWorks to save time and efficiently create and manage your bibliographies and in-text citations.
Thoroughly referencing and citing all of our sources is a crucial way to avoid plagiarism and to effectively document the facts, ideas, and direct quotes that you use in writing. PLUMBING VENT DEFINITIONS, TYPES - CONTENTS: Definition of plumbing vent terms, types of plumbing vents. This article defines plumbing vent system terms, distances, and functions, and other specifications and code requirements. We define the soil stack, waste stack, wet vents and dry vents, and we summarize the distances permitted between plumbing fixtures and their vent piping.
Our page top sketch of a plumbing stack vent and other sketches included below are provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates.
Imagine a full soda bottle with its cap off, turned upside down: the soda does not flow nicely out of the bottle. Now perform the same experiment, but punch a hole in the bottom of your soda bottle just before you turn it upside down. Here we show the main building vent pipe, the plumbing stack vent, connecting inside plumbing drains to a vent pipe that extends above the building roof in order to let needed air into the drains and to vent sewer gases harmlessly above the building. Below we explain how building plumbing vent systems work and why plumbing vents are needed for drain function and plumbing drain safety.
Where there is a snow-cover risk (snow can block the plumbing vent) the vent should extend 24" above the roof surface.


The soil stack pipe, as shown in Carson Dunlop's sketch, carries waste from toilets to the house trap (if one is installed) and there connects to the sewer line extending outside the building and on to a public sewer or private septic system.
The soil stack pipe is normally extended outdoors above the building roof, as shown in the page top sketch.
Other main building drain piping sections that slope closer to horizontal are connected to the soil stack but move waste horizontally where needed in a building.
The waste stack pipe shown in the sketch refers to any other vertical drain piping in the building that does not carry soil (sewage) from a sanitary fixture (toilet). As we discuss at DRAIN NOISES, if the horizontal distance between a plumbing fixture and the vertical vent piping is too great, the fixture may not drain properly, producing slow drainage or gurgling noises. Poor drainage is not just an annoyance, it can be unsafe since there is also the risk that the poorly-vented plumbing fixture will lose the water from its plumbing trap, then permitting sewer gases into the building.
As we show in Carson Dunlop's sketch, the distance allowed between a plumbing fixture (actually the fixture plumbing trap) and the vertical vent piping varies between a minimum and maximum as a function of the pipe diameter. Below our tables 1 and 2 summarize common plumbing code specifications for fixture venting and vent pipe sizes and distances that a plumbing fixture can be located (horizontally) from the vent stack.
Special routing and connections are required for proper venting of plumbing fixtures such as kitchen island or peninsula sinks or dishwashers - plumbing fixtures that are located where a direct vertical vent stack connection is not possible. Basically,larger piping diameter allows longer distances between a plumbing fixture and its vent stack. But if a plumbing fixture is close enough (five feet or less) to the main waste stack pipe (vent), the fixture does not usually require its own plumbing vent piping, and it is considered a direct-vented plumbing fixture.
Of course this rule presumes that the drain piping between the fixture trap and the waste stack is properly installed and properly sloped. In many buildings we find that the toilet is located quite close (within 5 feet) of the main building waste stack. When you flush a toilet it sends a sudden large volume of waste and wastewater into the building drain waste vent (DWV) piping. It is exactly this condition that produces the gurgling or even siphonage out and loss of water in nearby sink or tub traps when you flush a toilet in a building where the vent piping is inadequate. A toilet that is located too far from the soil stack can be wet vented as shown in Carson Dunlop's sketch. But a wet vented fixture requires a larger drain pipe diameter in its wet portion as we show in the sketch. Also note that wet vented fixtures (toilet, bathtub, shower, or floor drain) are permitted for bathrooms on the same floor level, not between floors. An AAV is basically a one-way valve that allows air to enter the drain to satisfy the vacuum caused by water passing down the drainage system, but that prevents sewer gases from backing up through the vent into the building. The table below gives required clearance distances to various building features and cites pertinent model plumbing codes.
Nearest window, door, opening, air intake, or ventilation shaft: distance to plumbing vent.
We interpret this rule to apply to the required separation distances between a plumbing vent and nearest chimney on the building - Ed. Vent pipes shall terminate not less than 6 inches above the roof, measured from the highest point where the vent intersects the roof.
EXCEPTION: Where a roof is used for any purpose other than weather protection, vents shall extend at least 7 feet above the roof and shall be properly supported. Continue reading at PLUMBING VENT REPAIR or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore. Sewage Levels in Septic Tanks - what are normal and abnormal sewage levels in septic tanks and what do they mean about tank condition, leaks, etc.
The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors.
After the milk cartons have dried, the teacher cuts a door on the front and a window in the front near the top in the carton.
The cool thing about this book though is that it gives backgrounds and meanings of names that you pick. We’ve enjoyed the book as a research tool, but still you must know that 60K names is overwhelming.
Most instructors like or require that you consult relevant books and articles for your papers – so let them know where you got your information.
This will save you time from having to track down where you originally found your information for your Reference List.
For example, the author's name always appears in the same place, the date of publication always appears in the same place, etc. By creating a bibliography and citing your sources in the text of your paper, you can avoid any accusations of plagiarism.
As there are many other types of sources that you may use in your papers and presentations (such as dissertations, newspaper articles, personal interviews, etc.) be sure to consult the print APA Manual (available in the Nelson Poynter Library), the USFSP citation guides, or the OWL at Purdue for more specific guidelines. Your reference should include the additional information listing either a webpage URL or the Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI numbers can be very long; a good tip is to copy and paste them into your reference list rather than trying to correctly type it out. Additionally, when you cite the webpage URL, just use the basic root of the website, not the long string of numbers and letters.
For example, many webpages do not clearly list the author of the text, or include when the webpage was published or last updated.
If an individual author is not provided, list the corporation or organization as your author in the reference. In-text citations should be used throughout your paper wherever you quote an author, paraphrase a source, or refer to someone's idea, concept, or research findings. Correspondingly, each source listed on your Reference page should be cited within the text of your paper.


As a note of warning, be sure to edit and format of any of the references you download using these tools.
The terminology and location on the website may vary from database to database; be sure to look for the terms such as Cite, Export, or Manage References. In this module, Avoid Plagiarism: APA Citation Style you have learned when and how to avoid plagiarizing by properly citing your sources both within your Reference list and in the text of your paper using the APA Citation Style, 6th Edition.
We explain how plumbing vents work on buildings, why plumbing vent piping is needed, and what happens to the building drains when the vent piping is not working. Allow building drains to flow freely by allowing air into the drain system, avoiding the vacuum and slow drainage that would otherwise occur at fixtures. As some soda spills out, the spillage has to nearly stop to let some air into the bottle to fill the vacuum created by the soda leaving. In these notes, the plumbing stack vents and other sketches included below are provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates. Note that there are other restrictions: for a roof that is also used as an occupied space, for example, the vent has to extend at least even feet above the surface and be secured with stays.
That is, dry vent piping carrying only air, sewer gas, or moisture to above the roof line is unrestricted. If a plumbing fixture is located too far from the main building vent stack, then its own drain pipe must have its own vent stack connection piping.
This surge of wastewater can certainly create a vacuum problem in the waste line if the vent piping system is inadequate, blocked, or missing entirely.
The drain piping for a sink (basin) or other fixture located closer to the soil stack than is the toilet can provide a pathway to let air into the horizontal waste piping used by the toilet to carry waste to the soil stack. This diameter increase helps assure adequate air flow into the drain system in the event that the sink basin (in this example) happens to be draining at the same moment that the toilet is flushed. Where a conventional plumbing vent system is not available or not feasible the local plumbing inspector may permit an air admittance valve to be installed. No vent terminal shall be located directly beneath any door, window, or other ventilating opening of a building or of another building, nor shall any such vent terminal be within 10 feet horizontally of such opening unless it is at least 2 feet above the top of such opening. The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones.
The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively.
When the window and door are cut, the children may complete the barn by painting the roof black and outlining the door and window in black.
This consistency enables readers who are familiar with that style to easily locate the various elements and interpret important information such as who wrote the document or when was it published. A reference contains all the information needed for you or your readers to find your original source whether it was published in a book, in a newspaper, or on the web.
What parts of the US mainland are climatically suitable for invasive alien pythons spreading from Everglades National Park?.
One explanation may be simply that although the players believe in the power of superstition, they were embarrassed to acknowledge this belief. While you now should have an understanding of how to construct the basic references for books, articles, and web pages, please consult the APA Style Manual, 6th Edition (2010) for more examples of other types of documents and sources. Because sewer gases may flow back up into the building drain piping from a public sewer or private septic system, and because some sewer gases are included in building waste flowing through the piping, the plumbing vent system needs to carry these gases outside, usually above the building roof, where they are disposed-of safely and without leaving unpleasant, or possibly dangerous smells and gases inside the building. However the piping does need to be protected from nails - use nail plates to protect vent and drain piping both where where piping passes through studs, joists, or rafters.
Our sketch above shows a toilet located close to the waste stack - an installation that should work fine. All I could think of were more common names like Eddie (Spaghetti), Johnny (although we talked about Cash as a first name), Joe (Strummer), Bob (Marley), and Joey, DeeDee, Marky (Ramone). After following the TV show Sons of Anarchy I’m a little leery (as is Betsy I think) about using this name since it is now even being used on TV programming and a popular show at that. So what are the other things Jax or Jackson reminds us of because this is important as well. Anyhow, take a listen to both the live version and the recorded version to get a feel for why I love them. Anyhow, I hope you pick up a copy of this book if you’re having a new baby and going through the naming process. The elements of the citation provide a map that direct your readers to location of your sources.
Additionally, always make sure your reference list is in alphabetical order and is the same font type and size as the rest of your paper. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order.
Another possibility is that players engage in superstitious behavior for reasons other than trying to affect outcomes. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home.
It is not to test the child on spelling or to put the child in a position where he or she may not be successful. Yes, this is different, but so close and obviously being the music junkie I am this is where my mind goes first. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material. Players also might engage in superstition because it is normative behavior in a baseball locker room.
Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order.



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