Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Leadership Theories Snapshot From Great Man to Transformational LeadershipSchool TheoryGreat Man Based on the belief that leaders are exceptional people, born with innate qualities, destined to lead. Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. Trait Theories• Similar in some ways to “Great Man” theories, trait theory assumes that people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them better suited to leadership.
Creating high-performance workforce has become increasingly important and to do so business leaders must be able to inspire organizational members to go beyond their task requirements. Transformational leadership may be found at all levels of the organization: teams, departments, divisions, and organization as a whole.
Inspirational Motivation: The foundation of transformational leadership is the promotion of consistent vision, mission, and a set of values to the members. Intellectual Stimulation: Such leaders encourage their followers to be innovative and creative. Idealized Influence: They believe in the philosophy that a leader can influence followers only when he practices what he preaches. Individualized Consideration: Leaders act as mentors to their followers and reward them for creativity and innovation. The theory is very difficult to e trained or taught because it is a combination of many leadership theories. Followers might be manipulated by leaders and there are chances that they lose more than they gain.

The current environment characterized by uncertainty, global turbulence, and organizational instability calls for transformational leadership to prevail at all levels of the organization.
As a premium member, you get access to view complete course content online and download powerpoint presentations for more than 120 courses in management and skills area. MSG team comprises experienced faculty and professionals who develop the content for the portal. Management Study Guide is a complete tutorial for management students, where students can learn the basics as well as advanced concepts related to management and its related subjects. The use of the term man was intentional since until the latter part of the twentieth-century leadership was thought of as a concept which is primarily male, military and Western.
Trait theories often identify particular personality or behavioral characteristics shared by leaders.• But if particular traits are key features of leadership, how do we explain people who possess those qualities but are not leaders? As a result, new concepts of leadership have emerged - transformational leadership being one of them. They encourage new ideas from their followers and never criticize them publicly for the mistakes committed by them. The followers of such leaders demonstrate high levels of job satisfaction and organizational commitment, and engage in organizational citizenship behaviors.
This led to the next school of Trait Theories.Trait Theories Highlights traits or qualities associated with leadership, exist in abundance and continue to be produced. Transformational leaders guide followers by providing them with a sense of meaning and challenge. They are empowered to make decisions and are always provided with the needed support to implement their decisions.

With such a devoted workforce, it will definitely be useful to consider making efforts towards developing ways of transforming organization through leadership. They draw on virtually all the adjectives in the dictionary which describe some positive or virtuous human attribute, from ambition to zest for life etc.Behavioural Theories These concentrate on what leaders actually do rather than on their qualities.
They work enthusiastically and optimistically to foster the spirit of teamwork and commitment.
They have no hesitation in discarding an old practice set by them if it is found ineffective.
They typically place their followers needs over their own, sacrifice their personal gains for them, ad demonstrate high standards of ethical conduct. The use of power by such leaders is aimed at influencing them to strive for the common goals of the organization. This area has probably attracted most attention from practising managers.Situational Leadership This approach sees leadership as specific to the situation in which it is being exercised. For example, whilst some situations may require an autocratic style, others may need a more participative approach.

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