Print PDFGreen Infrastructure (GI), a common term to refer to a range of different types of small and mid-scale installations that support water management and other environmental goals, has become a growing component of many local government’s environmental stewardship strategies. CERES recently released a report looking at the challenges and opportunities of using debt financing to fund these installations. As part of a USEPA Cooperative Agreement to develop innovative financing mechanisms, the EFC recently worked with three communities across the country on different aspects of GI Financing.  The EFC is developing a Green Infrastructure Finance Strategy for Durham, North Carolina. While the fee approach has gained ground in some parts of the country including high profile programs in Washington and Philadelphia that revolve around fees, other programs have turned to taxes as their primary revenue source. Some communities like Rincon, Georgia where the EFC has made initial introductory presentations to the Board, are interested in GI but are reluctant for a variety of political and economic reasons to create new fees and taxes.
Ascension used the instrument until April 1979, when they installed a larger pipe organ in their expanded worship area. Green Infrastructure, a commonly used term to refer to a range of different types of small and mid-scale installations that support water management and other environmental goals, has become a growing component of many local government’s environmental stewardship strategies. Whether local governments used debt financing or pay as you go financing, they will need to find a reliable source of revenue to pay for these installations. Durham has recently shown itself to be a regional leader in GI, particularly related to GI that promotes water quality.  Durham has a stormwater fee that generates approximately $8 million a year in revenues and is assessed to all property owners based on their impervious surface. Outside of Minneapolis, the Ramsey Washington Metro Watershed District (RWMWD) has rolled out GI as well, but in this case the funding has come from a special property tax on all properties within the watershed. Holtkamp's vision was to produce an organ for use in smaller church buildings that would give churches that rich, authentic pipe organ sound at a price that could compete with the newly-emerging electric organ. Ascension gave this Portativ to Hope Lutheran Church in Long Grove, Illinois, in 1981 when Hope was a new congregation going into its first building. Rain gardens, restored urban water-ways, increased tree planting, impermeable pavement and other distributed “natural-like” infrastructure installations are making their way into Green Infrastructure Plans and Roadmaps across the country like one recently done in Durham, NC.
While many local governments are making strides in implementing these installations, other local governments are still in the pilot phase – experimenting with demonstration projects but nowhere near scale with their investing, at least compared to other types of their infrastructure investing. Revenue from the fees has to support a range of structural (“grey infrastructure”) and management initiatives, but the city has also freed up some funds to begin rolling out innovative GI programs – often leveraging stormwater fees with grants funded by state taxes. The EFC has worked with RWMWD to share their approach and successes with state water bankers from across the country interested in lending funds for these types of programs. In these situations without a bottom up financing mechanism, the local government will not likely play a key financing role in GI, although the town is optimistic that through planning and regulatory requirements they can at least promote GI with new construction funded as part of development process. The result was the Portativ, a totally self-contained, single manual, three stop pipe organ.


Ascension gave this remarkable little pipe organ to Hope with the understanding that should it some day no longer meet Hope's needs, Hope should, in turn, give it to another Lutheran church. Not surprisingly, the bankers were interested in how they will be paid back and were impressed with the stability and capacity of the watershed improvement tax.
Holtkamp said that the Portativ organ is typical of his urge to natural, functional expression.
In 1991, Hope moved into a new, larger sanctuary and began making plans to obtain a larger instrument. As these installations become an accepted part of a local government’s infrastructure investment portfolio, the inevitable “How to pay for it?” questions will arise.” While many smaller scale demonstration projects across the country have attracted external grant funding, full scale implementation will require a robust financing approach.
Road managers tend to rely on a mix of local, state and federal taxes augmented with toll roads.
In July of 1992, Hope gave their Holtkamp Portativ pipe organ to us, again with the understanding that should it some day no longer meet our needs, we would give it to another Lutheran congregation.a€?a€?Beginning in 1996, our congregation began exploring ways to supplement the basic Portativ.
In July of 1992, Hope gave their Holtkamp Portativ pipe organ to us, again with the understanding that should it some day no longer meet our needs, we would give it to another Lutheran congregation.Beginning in 1996, our congregation began exploring ways to supplement the basic Portativ.
Whether local governments used debt financing or cash pay as you go financing, they will need to find a reliable source of revenue to pay for these installations.
Besides adapting the pipe organ to the smaller setting, the Portativ incorporates design features that were to become hallmarks of even the largest Holtkamp organs.
Not only were we aware of this organ builder's fine reputation, but we were confident that the company would have an interest both in preserving the essence of the Portativ and in integrating the new pipes with the existing ones aurally and visually.a€?a€?We are enormously grateful to Hope Lutheran Church for the original gift of this fine instrument.
Not only were we aware of this organ builder's fine reputation, but we were confident that the company would have an interest both in preserving the essence of the Portativ and in integrating the new pipes with the existing ones aurally and visually.We are enormously grateful to Hope Lutheran Church for the original gift of this fine instrument. Two such features are a return to tracker key action, which means that each key on the keyboard is mechanically connected to the mechanism that allows wind to enter the pipe when it is played, and placement of the organ pipes within the space where they will be heard, rather than placement in rooms or chambers adjacent to the church chancel or nave. The answer, as is the case with most local environmental finance questions, will be “it likely will depend” on the region and financial culture of the local government. While these two features of organ building were to become popular in subsequent decades because of performance advantages they provide, the Portativ itself was something of a marketing failure. Nevertheless, the visual and musical design proved noteworthy enough that Holtkamp Portativ pipe organs stand in the Smithsonian Institution and the Cleveland Museum of Art.a€?a€?Despite the limited popularity of this organ, the Holtkamps apparently never gave up on the Portativ concept.
Zuiderveld, who first alerted us to the possibility of obtaining the Portativ and subsequently gave large amounts of time and energy to the project of making arrangements to move and install it in 1992. Nevertheless, the visual and musical design proved noteworthy enough that Holtkamp Portativ pipe organs stand in the Smithsonian Institution and the Cleveland Museum of Art.Despite the limited popularity of this organ, the Holtkamps apparently never gave up on the Portativ concept.


The basic Portativ organ here at Faith Lutheran Church was built by the Holtkamp Organ Company in 1963, under the direction of Walther Holtkamp, Jr., with the wind chest and mechanical action sent to it in 1961 by the Metzler organ company in Switzerland. The original design of the Portativ called for a key register of G to g3 and, as mentioned above, three stops (8' Quintadena [metal], 4' Prestant, and III Cornet).
Zuiderveld's expertise was invaluable during the planning stages of the 1999 addition to the organ. The answer as with most local environmental finance questions will be “it likely will depends” on the region and financial culture of the local government. The Portativ at Faith differs from the original design in that ours has a key register of C to g3 and four stops.a€?a€?This basic organ has been supplemented with a 16' Pommer of 39 notes, playable at the 16' and 8' levels. Beyond that, several individuals labored to get this pipe organ moved to Faith and placed on the hardwood platform on which it stands.
The Portativ at Faith differs from the original design in that ours has a key register of C to g3 and four stops.This basic organ has been supplemented with a 16' Pommer of 39 notes, playable at the 16' and 8' levels.
In addition, thanks are due to individuals who made special financial gifts to enhance the organ with the pedal stop.a€?a€?May God be glorified in our music.
In addition, thanks are due to individuals who made special financial gifts to enhance the organ with the pedal stop.May God be glorified in our music. Durham has always recently shown itself to be a regional leader in GI, particularly related to GI that promotes water quality. Durham has a Stormwater fee that generates approximately $8 million a year in revenues and is assessed to all property owners based on their impervious surface.
Chris Holtkamp saw to it that the visual design of the new pipes complemented the design of the existing pipes, that the woods and finishes of the cabinetry were carefully matched, and that the integrity of the original Portativ was not compromised. Revenue from the fees has to support a range of structural (“grey infrastructure) and management initiatives, but the city has also freed up some funds to begin rolling out innovative GI programs – often leveraging stormwater fees with grants funded by state taxes.
Outside of Minneapolis, the Ramsey Washington Metro Watershed District (RWMWD) has rolled out GI as well only in this case the funding has come from a special property tax on all properties within the watershed. In these situations without a bottom up financing mechanism, the local government will not likely play a key financing role in GI, although the Town is optimistic that through planning and regulatory requirements they can at least promote GI with new construction funded as part of development process. Local governments interested in taking an active role in financing do not all have to choose the same path or revenue source, but they will likely have to choose something.



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