Scottish Professor Peter Higgs and Belgian Professor Francois Englert are now proud recipients of the Nobel Prize in Physics for their ground-breaking work on the famed ‘God Particle’. In the early 60’s, Higgs, Englert and Professor Robert Brout, contributed to a research paper that proposed the idea of a Higgs field and the Higgs boson. Without the Higgs Field, in addition to the Higgs Boson re-acting to it, all the atoms in existence would be floating around aimlessly without ever coming together to give form to anything.
In mid-2012, at CERN, experiments using the Large Hadron Collider confirmed what Professor Higgs and his counterparts had been proposing since as early as 1964. Immediately after the announcement the notoriously shy Professor made sure to avoid the spotlight and had not commented on his win. The first Nobel Prize is traditionally awarded to significant contributors to the field of medicine and this year was no exception. The awards remaining are the Literature Prize, Peace Prize and Economics Prize and they will all be announced before Monday the 14th of October. The three winners joined the 169 laureates, including Ernest Rutherford, Marie Curie and Linus Pauling, who have been honored with the prize since 1901.
This week’s three Nobel Prizes reflect the globalization of science, which the United States often dominated in the last century. Since 2000, the United States has managed to maintain its front-runner status in the chemistry prize category, its citizens winning at least part of the award most years and shut out only twice, in 2007 and 2011. The chemistry prize in recent years has morphed into a celebration of exotic investigations that Alfred Nobel, a chemist who invented dynamite, could scarcely have imagined. Of late, more so than with the physics and medicine prize, the award often goes to multifaceted research that crosses disciplinary lines in pursuit of novel insights. One chemistry laureate discovered the existence of quasicrystals, bizarre materials in which atoms create patterns that never repeat. Wednesday’s chemistry prize interrupts the drift toward the exotic end of the research spectrum. Eddied Did he express any concern over the numerous Taliban terrorists that Pakistan is harboring and giving safe haven?..
This year’s Nobel Laureates are rewarded for having invented a new energy-efficient and environment-friendly light source – the blue light-emitting diode (LED).
When Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura produced bright blue light beams from their semi-conductors in the early 1990s, they triggered a fundamental transformation of lighting technology. The invention of the blue LED is just twenty years old, but it has already contributed to create white light in an entirely new manner to the benefit of us all. FeatureLight + Building 2016: Delta Lightillumni Creative LadderThe First Ever Collation Of Major International Lighting Design Industry Awards. Every damage – whatever it is – could become very dangerous,” said Karsten Rippe from the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg during an interview with DW.

It is important to note that although these three scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize, they worked independently from each other. At its core this was an essential contribution to the world of particle physics which and had been the most solid explanation for how matter comes into existence. It is only in 2013 that the 84 year old physicist has finally received the recognition that he deserves.
He said, “I am overwhelmed to receive this award and thank the Royal Swedish Academy.
Michael Levitt, Martin Karplus and Ariel Warshel have been awarded their prize for their groundbreaking computer technology that allows chemical reactions to be predicted. Modrich and Aziz Sancar were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on Wednesday for having mapped and explained how the cell repairs its DNA and safeguards its genetic information. Lindahl, of the Francis Crick Institute in London, was honored for his discoveries on base excision repair — the cellular mechanism that repairs damaged DNA during the cell cycle. The award in medicine or physiology on Monday went to citizens of China and Japan, as well as an American.
Other chemistry laureates have come from Austria, France, Germany, Israel, Japan and Switzerland. The work has little in common with the stick-and-ball models of molecules that generations of students put together. Recent winners have developed glowing molecules that illuminate the dance of living cells, computer models that probe subtle reactions and powerful microscopes that peer deep into living cells to reveal their tiniest structures.
In the spirit of Alfred Nobel the Prize rewards an invention of greatest benefit to mankind; using blue LEDs, white light can be created in a new way.
Red and green diodes had been around for a long time but without blue light, white lamps could not be created. Akasaki worked together with Amano at the University of Nagoya, while Nakamura was employed at Nichia Chemicals, a small company in Tokushima. They are constantly improved, getting more efficient with higher luminous flux (measured in lumen) per unit electrical input power (measured in watt).
This might be due to the radiation from the sun, smoking cigarettes or taking drugs and substances that carry cancer. Consider the Li-Fraumeni Syndrome where the patients lack enough number of these special proteins. Their research directions were parallel but they all approached the problem from a different angle. This paper proposed a solution to the, then, inexplicable question of how the smallest particles came to have mass. I would also like to congratulate all those who have contributed to the discovery of this new particle and to thank my family, friends and colleagues for their support.

Thomas Sudhof for their insights into the way that substances are transferred within a cell. Using both classic physics equations and quantum physics equations this team of Nobel Laureates devised a method that has been crucial in the creation of new pharmaceuticals. Lindahl is the 29th native of Sweden to be named a Nobel laureate — sustained the global trend. With the advent of LED lamps we now have more long-lasting and more efficient alternatives to older light sources. Despite considerable efforts, both in the scientific community and in industry, the blue LED had remained a challenge for three decades.
This is the cellular mechanism explained earlier on that repairs damaged DNA during a cell cycle. Modrich, of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Chevy Chase, Md., and Duke University Medical Center, was recognized for showing how cells correct errors that occur when DNA is replicated during cell division. As about one fourth of world electricity consumption is used for lighting purposes, the LEDs contribute to saving the Earth’s resources.
This is quite significant especially when compared to the risk of a normal person which is 1%.
Materials consumption is also diminished as LEDs last up to 100,000 hours, compared to 1,000 for incandescent bulbs and 10,000 hours for fluorescent lights. Professor at Meijo University, Nagoya, and Distinguished Professor at Nagoya University, Japan.
Modrich was honored for his work on showing how cells correct errors during DNA replication in cell division. Sancar, of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, was cited for mapping the mechanism cells use to repair ultraviolet damage to DNA.
In order to prevent that, special proteins in our body constantly monitor the state of our DNA and get rid of any one that seems to be defective. Sancar was honored for mapping the cellular mechanism used to repair ultraviolet damage to DNA. They showed that our DNA actually decays at a rate that makes it impossible for life to develop on Earth. Their discovery showed the existence of special proteins that constantly repair any damages to the DNA which also explains why life developed on Earth.

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