This free Gradebook Template for Excel started out as a very basic grade book spreadsheet, but it has evolved into something that is very useful, flexible, and powerful (and still free). For new teachers: I've included a lot of information on this page about how to use the grade book.
This system is commonly used in high schools and for courses that involve more subjective grading like art and literature. Converting Letter Grades to Percentages: The grading scale is used to define the minimums for each grade. Extra Credit - Giving extra credit using this system requires assigning the extra credit to specific assignments (such as giving a score of 110%). Extra Credit: The values listed in the Points row in the Gradebook worksheet do not necessarily represent "maximum possible" points.
In this version, both the grade scale and the recorded grades are based on a 4.0 grade point system.
Recording Failing Grades: Unlike the percentage grade scale where failing grades are entered as 50% or half the points, a failing grade is entered as a 0, because the scale is set up so that F=0 and A=4 averages to a C=2. Although some help information is included in the worksheets, I've included additional information about how to use the templates below. To avoid confusion or possibly complete chaos, teachers should be very clear about how students will be graded.
Each of the spreadsheets contains a worksheet for defining the Grading Scale, depending on the chosen grading method (see below). The grade book template is designed to make it easy to customize the spreadsheet for the size of your class. You can add or remove assignments by simply copying the entire column for an existing assignment and then pasting that column somewhere between the first and last assignment column.
It is fairly common, especially in college courses, to make the exams, quizzes, homework, the final, and class participation each a specific percentage of the final grade. In favor of simplicity and flexibility in my spreadsheets, instead of calculating each of these totals separately then combining them to get the final grade, each assignment is given either a number of points or a weighting factor. Example 1: Relative Weighting - If you wanted an exam to be equivalent to 5 homework assignments, in the Gradebook worksheet you could set the weighting factors on the homework to 1 and the weighting factor for the exam to 5. Example 2: Using Total Points - The number of points for each assignment can be used as the weighting for determining what percentage of the overall course grade comes from homework, exams, quizzes, etc. Excused Assignments: To record an incomplete assignment as excused, you can either leave it blank or enter an "E" or "e" (not case sensitive).
Adding Comments: One nice thing about using Excel is that if you need to include any comments about specific assignments, you can add a comment to the cell (right-click on the cell and select Insert Comment). Dropping Low Grades - If your policy is to take the best of 3 exam grades, then this can be handled easily by changing the lowest exam grade to an "E" for "excused". Guideline for Failing Grades: If you are using the Percentage or Point based grading system, a failing grade is typically less than 60%. At the end of the course, the teacher usually looks at the grades for the entire class and might make adjustments to the grading scale depending on the class average and distribution of grades. Simple Curving: Instead of (or in addition to) making adjustments to the grading scale, you can use the Curve field in the Gradebook worksheet to increase all the final grades by a certain percentage.
Example 2: The policy in department X is to allow 15% of the grades to be A's (including A-, A, and A+).
The assignment of the final letter grade in the Gradebook worksheet is done automatically based on the grading scale defined in the Grades worksheet.
A Little Background: A common approach to grading on a curve is to first order all the final grades from highest to lowest. An alternative to ordering the grades (something that the gradebook template doesn't do for you) is to determine the cutoff scores by calculating percentiles and altering the grading scale accordingly. Using Percentiles: A Percentile is defined as a value below which a certain percent of values fall. Plus and Minus Grades (Chromatic Variants): When grading on a curve, the cutoff scores for the plus and minus grades (A-, B+, B-, etc) might be subjective or you might use the system where the minus scores make up the lower 30% of the letter grade and the plus scores make up the upper 40% of the letter grade to correspond with the GPA system. Teachers may sometimes want to make different types of assignments worth a certain percentage of the final grade, such as Homework=30%, Exams=50%, and Attendance=20%.
Final Grade: The final grade is calculated by multiplying the category weight times the category score and adding the results for each category. Extra Credit: In theory, extra credit can be earned by giving a student more points on an assignment than are available for that assignment, although the weight of that type of extra credit is difficult to determine.
Scores per Category: The percentage score for each category is calculated by dividing the total points earned by the total points available for that category. Dropping the lowest exam score or quiz score is a popular way to make students happy, but weighting factors can complicate this. What if the exams have different weights, how do you know which one has the largest negative effect on the grade?
Which one do you think should be dropped, the lowest % score (Exam A) or the score with the largest point loss (Exam C)? You can actually read a lot of these books, but collecting books isn’t really about reading them. You spoke out in a Facebook post a year ago against Internet trolls who were posting sexist comments. Do you have any plans to profit from your newfound fame—perhaps by writing a book or opening your own bookstore?

I don’t have any plans to leave Bauman, because the resources it has to find books are above and beyond what you’re going to find anywhere else.
As a Texas junior high student, Reed once despaired over a career aptitude test that determined her only ability was in the impractical realms of arts and entertainment. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Word Skills: Review synonyms, antonyms, beginning sounds, ending sounds, middle sounds, and rhymes. Guess What: Practise the word skill of saying what things are using relative clauses such as a person who, a place where, a time when, and a thing that. Present Continous Verses Simple Present- Students make statements using the present continuous or simple present depending on the time marker.
All About You- Students role the dice and land on a question that they have to answer about themselves.
Reading comprehension is such a vital skill in the area of literacy, but it actually includes a complex set of sub-skills. Book-chatting is a great way to determine what your child understands about the books you are reading together. This type of questioning is classed as a lower order thinking skill because readers are asked to locate or recall the information explicitly presented in the book.
When asking your child literal questions, remember that the child must be able to find the answer in the illustrations or in the text.
Play a game of ‘Spot the ?’  or ask your child to name the objects you point to in the illustrations. Write some sentences from the book on cards (or you could draw pictures that appear in the book). We now have a few different types of grade books that can handle most of the major grading systems used in high school and colleges.
In addition, because the gradebook is in Excel rather than an online gradebook system, you can add cell comments and format cells to highlight specific grades. Points: If you use total points for the weighting factors, then the percentage system is almost exactly the same as the point-based system, except that you are recording grades as percentages, and doing the calculations for each assignment by hand. This type of system might be used by a class in which all grades are subjective and the grading on each assignment is by letter grade. The items below are listed generally in the order that you would need to perform the various actions.
The grading scale is often outlined in the course syllabus, depending on how structured the course is.
In the Names worksheet as well as the Gradebook worksheets, when inserting or removing students, you should insert or remove the entire row (right-click on the row number to bring up options). However, students usually like to keep their grades private to avoid heckling from other classmates. It is important that you do not paste the new column AFTER the last assignment because if you do that, the formulas will not automatically stretch to include the new column. For example, the breakdown might be homework=25% of the grade, midterm=25%, quizzes=15%, and the final=35%. Or, using the point system, the exam would be worth 5 times as many points as a homework assignment. For example, if a typical homework assignment is 25 points and you have 10 of them, the total points for homework is 250.
You should probably add a comment so you can keep a record of the actual score earned on that exam. However, if a student misses an assignment or scores less than 50%, you should record the grade as 50% or half the points for that assignment.
If you are aiming for a target class average, you can use goal seek to set the Mean percentage to the target value by changing the curve percentage. To be fair, the teacher might want to shift all minimums down 0.1% in this case (this would also make the changes more defendable). You can determine the minimum score for an A- by calculating the 85th Percentile and then shift the grading scale. For the formulas to work correctly, the Grading Scale must be ordered from lowest to highest. However, what I have described above in "final adjustments to grading scale" is one method for adjusting grades based on a curve.
To find the minimum score for an A-, you calculate the 90th percentile using the following Excel formula, where final_scores is the range of cells containing the final student scores.
For example, if the weighting is Homework=60% and Exams=40% and a student's scores are 80% for homework and 75% for exams, then the final grade is 60%*80%+40%*75%=78%.
Defining specific extra credit assignments makes it easier to define the weight of the extra credit on the final grade. If you give 3 exams and allow the lowest score to be dropped, it is easy to figure out which one to drop IF all exams are worth the same number of possible points - you drop the assignment with the lowest % score (or lowest points earned - it will be the same). Collecting is about deciding you want to take part in this grand purpose of preserving historical artifacts. People will ask for recommendations, and my first question is, what kind of books do you like? Supreme Court refused to hear appeals on cases legalizing same-sex marriage Monday, Nevadans figured it was just a matter of time before the ruling’s effects trickled down to our state.

That’s why I think it’s great to start fostering comprehension skills at a young age, even with babies. Try and base your questions around key words, cause and effect or the order in which events take place. For example, instead of recording an A- as a 90% (the minimum), you might record it as a 92%.
Or, if you allow extra credit on a specific assignment, the student might earn a higher score than the one listed in the Points row.
I would have liked to make the template work so that you enter the actual letter grades, but that turned out to be too complex, so instead, the grades are recorded by converting the letter grade to the equivalent point value.
Regardless of the system you use for grading, remember that grades you give should be Fair and Defendable (see [1] below).
College students will usually want to know how many assignments and exams there will be as well the points or weighting associated with the home work and exams. So, I've built into the spreadsheet a checkbox for switching between student names (for the teacher's convenience while recording grades) and custom student IDs (to maintain some privacy when displaying the grades to students). To make the exams worth 50% of the grade, you just need to make the total points for the exams equal to 250, also. For example, you might want to include a comment about why a particular assignment was excused for a student. These percentages represent a symmetric bell curve for the ABCDF grading system with a C average, but the values will depend on how many A's you are allowed to assign and whether or not the distribution is symmetric. Assignments within a category can be given different weights by giving each each assignment and different number of points possible (such as a final worth 150 points and a mid-term worth 100 points). If you want a first-edition book but you don’t know how collecting works, I’m there to talk to. Collectors are responsible for shepherding this historical artifact on to the next generation. When it’s aggressive accusations and things about being a woman in the public sphere, it actually encourages me to stay active in the public sphere because I feel that’s an attempt to get me not to be contributing. They may not be able to produce a response, but they understand much more than they can say. Children learn that we gain information from books and that we can find meaning within the text and the illustrations. Your child is not expected to read every word from the page, especially if they are only learning to read.
On a typical 4-point GPA scale, F=0 and A=4, so the average between an F and an A is a C=2. It is particularly difficult for young professional women to make their way, and you have to be unafraid to stand up for yourself. Previously, Reed freelanced for publications such as Las Vegas Weekly and Us Weekly, worked in a casino, got a master’s degree in communication from Arizona State University and worked as a copy editor for 944.
Make sure you read to the end of this article for some informal and fun ways to ask questions. As babies won’t be able to answer the questions it is great modelling to answer the questions yourself.
The idea is for them to recall the main ideas in the story based on what they have heard you read to them- They may just look for key words and illustrations as clues.
The nice thing about this system is that you can use whatever method makes sense for a particular assignment. If you are using a percentage or point based grading scale, is the average between a 0% (F) and 100% (A) also a C? When making adjustments, it is vital to remember to make the grades Fair and Defendable - meaning that you as the teacher can defend the grades you give when hounded by students, parents, the department head, or the school board. The map with the Fremont book is done by Charles Preuss, and it is the first map to have Las Vegas on it.
These books are going to ideally—if they’re taken care of—be around generations longer than us. If you are unsure what template to use, I would suggest using the percentage-based version. What does very well [in Bauman’s Las Vegas store] are the James Bond books by Ian Fleming—Casino Royale, From Russia With Love, You Only Live Twice. An Exception: Teachers might choose to give a 0% in order to penalize students for not turning in assignments and to discourage laziness.
It’d have to fit in with my long-term priorities, which are to help people create collections that mean a lot to them.
This would also distinguish a student who didn't do anything from one who struggles but only scores a 50%. Then I’ll show them an example of what I get anytime I post something, and their jaws will drop.

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