The First Comprehensive Summary, for the English Reader, of the Teaching of the Talmud and the Rabbis on Ethics, Religion,Folk-lore and Jurisprudence.
Everyman's Talmud: The Major Teachings of the Rabbinic Sages PDF (Adobe DRM) can be read on any device that can open PDF (Adobe DRM) files. Die Tora nach der Ubersetzung von Moses Mendelssohn : und die Haftarot nach Simon Bernfeld, Joel Brill, A.
Guy Stroumsa - Hidden Wisdom, Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian MysticismThis book investigates the problem of esoteric traditions in early Christianity, their origin and their transformation in Patristic hermeneutics, in the West as well as in the East. Rabbi Yitzchak Luria - Apples From The Orchard (Mystical Teachings of the Arizal)The central figure of the Kabbalah as it is studied today is Rabbi Yitzchak Luria (1534-1572), known universally as the Holy Ari (“Lion”), the acronym formed by the initials of his title, “the G-dly Rabbi Yitzchak” (Ha-Eloki Rabbeinu Yitzchak), or as the Arizal “the G-dly Rabbi Yitzchak of blessed memory” (Ha-Eloki Rabbeinu Yitzchak, zichrono livrachah).The Arizal’s teachings cover many topics, including mystical cosmology, eschatology, reincarnation, the anatomy of the soul and the mystical significance of the commandments. Eknath Easwaran - Passage MeditationPioneered by spiritual master Eknath Easwaran, passage meditation consists of memorizing an inspirational spiritual passage and then sending it deep into consciousness through slow, sustained attention. Cohen does an excellent job of presenting the origins of Talmudic literature and summarizing in a meaningful way the many doctrines it contains. It argues that these traditions eventually formed the basis of nascent Christian mysticism in Late Antiquity.
It keeps meditation fresh and varied because readers can select the passages -- from one tradition or many -- that embody their chosen ideals. These esoteric traditions do not reflect the influence of Greek Mystery religions, as has often been claimed, but rather seem to stem from the Jewish background of Christianity. The little book Tomer Devorah is an ethical treatise devoted to the doctrine of the Imitation of God.
They were adopted by various Gnostic teachings, a fact which helps explaining their eventual disappearance from Patristic literature.
With its historical roots in the early Gnostics and Plotinus, this characteristically Western spirituality re-emerges with the secularization and loss of traditional religious belief of modernity. The teachings in the present anthology are culled from several of Rabbi Vital’s works, chiefly Sha’ar HaPesukim, Sefer HaLikutim, and Likutei Torah.Among the most fascinating of the Arizal's teachings are his expositions on the Torah itself.
This form of meditation offers all the richness and depth of traditional wisdom, together with a practical method for bringing that wisdom into daily life. The ten chapters study each a different aspect of the problem, including the questions of Gnostic and Manichaean esotericism.
The lives, works, and direct experiences of Nietzsche, Emerson, Thoreau, Jung, Heidegger, Gurdjieff, Crowley, and contemporary feminist mysticism are considered in terms of transpersonal psychology (Almaas), the sociology of mysticism (Weber and Troeltsch), and contemporary psychoanalysis (Winnicott, Bion, Kohut).
Using the classic methods of rabbinic interpretation (with a marked emphasis on gematria), the Arizal unfolds before us a hidden dimension of the stories and laws of the Torah, showing how they reflect the inner dynamics of reality and how our knowledge and observance of the Torah is crucial to the proper functioning of creation.In this book, the reader is offered a selection of these teachings. The book situates passage meditation as part of Easwaran's eight-point program that, based on traditional spiritual practices but adjusted for modern lifestyles, shows readers how to stay calm and focused at work and home. CONTENTSPreface to the First Edition Preface to the Second Edition Abbreviations Introduction I.
They are presented with interpolated explanations that clarify the original text's terse prose and a commentary that shows how these sometimes obscure teachings can be applied to everyday life.The translations and commentary I present here were originally produced on a weekly basis and circulated via the Internet. Swartz - The Dead Sea Scrolls and Later Jewish Magic and MysticismThis is a 12 page article from [Dead Sea Discoveries, Vol. Phenomenology and Psychodynamics of Transpersonal Experience Descriptive PhenomenologiesPersonal Development, Psychodynamics, and MetapathologyChapter 2. It was thought worthwhile at this point to present them in book form, even though there still remains a sizeable amount of the Arizal’s material on the Torah to be translated.
Passage Meditation gives Easwaran’s instructions in his method of meditation; Timeless Wisdom is his accompanying collection of texts that are suitable for study and meditation.
In this selection from the great spiritual traditions, Eknath Easwaran brings the world’s timeless wisdom within reach of the modern seeker. While historians of talmudic law may have to reason by analogy on how each community faced a similar legal problem, we can point to spe- cific genres of literature found at Qumran that provide precedents for later Jewish esoteric literature. These passages include flashes of insight from the Hindu Upanishads, heartfelt prayers of the Christian saints, the passionate songs of the Sufis, and thoughtful teachings from the Jewish, Buddhist, and Taoist traditions. This compilation reveals the spiritual concepts of Kabbalah in every realm of human life, using poignant and thought-provoking passages with accurate references from authentic Kabbalistic sources as well as the greatest Kabbalists of all time. Two examples, which will be discussed below, are the well-known Angelic Liturgy and a fragment of an Aramaic magical handbook.
An authority on world mysticism, and outstanding translator of the Indian classics, Easwaran chooses texts that are positive, practical, and meaningful for readers today. A student or a spiritual searcher can use this book as compass in their quest to find true spirituality.
This anthology is a compact version of Easwaran’s God Makes the Rivers to Flow, with a new preface and some new texts. The quotes from Gems of Wisdom: words of the great Kabbalists from all generations will become an indispensable source book the reader will constantly revisit and utilize. Kalman Kalonymus Shapira wrote a small book entitled Bnai Mashshavah Tovah, Experiencing the Divine. In it there is a sustained challenge to the widespread view that apocalypticism is a form of eschatology, and, it has been widely recognised as a significant contribution to the discussion of apcocalypticism in religion since it was first published twenty years ago. By concentrating on the revelatory character of apocalyptic texts rather than their diverse contents the author suggests that it is this aspect of the literature which best enables us to understand their distinctive religion. The early Church attacked Gnosticism vigorously and relentlessly, recognizing these mystical philosophers as being the most formidable adversaries to the temporal power of Christian theology. The book offers a sustained argument for the view that apocalyptic literature is primarily about the disclosure of heavenly wisdom which offers recipients an understanding of life in the present.
Whether it was the philosopher contemplating the perfection of the heavenly orbits, the farmer searching the sky for signs of when to plant his crops, or the desert-dwelling sectarian looking for the end of the world, the cosmos held an endless fascination and occupied a prominent place in their understanding of life.For most ancient peoples, cosmology and theology were inseparable. He also suggests that there may be some evidence to support the view that apocalypses include reports of visionary experience.
Hall founded the Philosophical Research Society, a non-profit organization in 1934, dedicated to the dissemination of useful knowledge in the fields of philosophy, comparative religion, and psychology. The approach to apocalypticism in early Christianity stresses the importance of the visionary element as a decisive element in the history of Christan origins.ContentsPreface AbbreviationsIntroduction Part One What is Apocalyptic? Much of this work, however, has focused on how OT conceptions of the world compared to other Ancient Near Eastern traditions.

Firstly, a definition will be sought within the context of a biblical base for a definition, and then for its practice or application to the Christian life.
Hall delivered over 7,500 lectures in the United States and abroad, authored over 150 books and essays, and wrote countless magazine articles.
Much less has been done on the cosmological traditions which stand behind the views of the NT writers. Secondly, there will be an exploration of the history of Christian Mysticism since its inception within Western and Eastern Church history.
Knowledge of the Divine Mysteries through RevelationDaniel and Revelation Apocalyptic Material in Judaism and Christianity 2. Apocalyptic and Eschatology Apocalyptic and Rabbinic Eschatologies Transcendent Eschatology The Qumran War Scroll and the Synoptic Apocalypse 3.
In light of the great importance that cosmology had in ancient peoples' worldviews and theological understanding, a thorough investigation of this neglected topic is in order.Cosmology and New Testament Theology systematically examines the NT documents to show how cosmological language and concepts inform, interact with, and contribute to the specific theological emphases of the various NT books. Apocalypse and Apocalyptic The Apocalypse Types of Visions Apocalyptic Imagery Pseudepigraphy Summary Part Two The Content of the Heavenly Mysteries 4. Nuttall - The Alternative Trinity, Gnostic Heresy in Marlowe, Milton, and BlakeThe Trinity of orthodox Christianity is harmonious. He was best known as the Baal Shem Tov's grandson and for the work Degel Machaneh Ephraim.His famous treatise, the Degel Machaneh Ephraim (Banner of the Camp of Ephraim), was published by his son, Rabbi Yacov Yechiel, in Koretz in 1810, and is one of the classic works of Hasidism. The Trinity for Blake is, conspicuously, not a happy family: the Father and the Son do not get on.
It might be thought that so cumbersome a notion is inconceivable before the rise of Romanticism but the Ophite Gnostics of the second century AD appear to have thought that God the Father was a jealous tyrant because he forbade Adam and Eve to eat from the Tree of Knowledge and that the serpent, who led the way to the Tree of Knowledge, was really Christ. It is a bridge to the often difficult doctrines of the early church fathers, explaining the spiritual psychology of the fathers that underlies the current renewal of spirituality in the Greek church. What Had Happened Previously: the Interest in PastHistory in Apocalyptic The History of Israel The Creation of the World 7. This renewal, like this book, is closely linked to the understandings of the modern monks and abbots on Mount Athos. What is to Come The Last Stages of the Present Age The Climax of History Messianic Belief The Son of Man Part Three Towards an Understanding of the Origins of Apocalyptic and the Dates of the Apocalypses 8. Maximus the Confessor (580-662), was a major Byzantine thinker, a theologian and philosopher. A Different Christianity is useful to the practitioner, as well as to the scholar, providing new insights into the problems of studying and following the spiritual path outside of a monastery. He developed a philosophical theology in which the doctrine of God, creation, the cosmic order, and salvation is integrated in a unified conception of reality.
An Attempt to Elucidate the Origins of Apocalyptic Visions Excursus: Visionary Experience and Pseudonymity 10. Christ, the divine Logos, is the centre of the principles (the logoi ) according to which the cosmos is created, and in accordance with which it shall convert to its divine source.Torstein Tollefsen treats Maximus' thought from a philosophical point of view, and discusses similar thought patterns in pagan Neoplatonism.
The movement surrounding this messianic pretender was enormous, and Shabbatai's mission seemed to be affirmed by the numerous supporting prophecies of believers.
The study focuses on Maximus' doctrine of creation, in which he denies the possibility of eternal coexistence of uncreated divinity and created and limited being.
This has been especially true in religion, where similar ideas have been propounded by tribes or clans who have on the surface no contact-historically or geographically--with one another. The story of Shabbatai and his prophets has mainly been explored by specialists in Jewish mysticism. Tollefsen shows that by the logoi God institutes an ordered cosmos in which separate entities of different species are ontologically interrelated, with man as the centre of the created world. For the phenomenologist this kind of transcultural link or synchronicity is important because it raises the question of how religious ideas emerge and develop over time. Wolfson - The Hermeneutics of Visionary Experience and Interpretation in the ZoharThis paper analyses the processes of revelation and interpretation as they function in the classic work of medeival Jewish mysticism, the Zohar.
The Problems posed by the Esoteric Tradition in the Time of Rabbi Akiba The Later Mystical Tradition Part Five Apocalyptic in Early Christianity 13. Only a few scholars have placed this large-scale movement in its social and historical context.Matt Goldish shifts the focus of Sabbatean studies from the theology of Lurianic Kabbalah to the widespread seventeenth-century belief in latter-day prophecy. The book also investigates Maximus' teaching of God's activities or energies, and shows how participation in these energies is conceived according to the divine principles of the logoi. Are religious ideas part of an innate, biological, developmental sequence which manifest over the course of human evolution?
The author points out that visionary experience ofthe divine is not only central to Zoharic theosophy, but that the act of textual study itself must be understood in the light of this phenomenon insofar as the text is nothing but the configuration of divine light.
Reports of Visions in Early Christian Literature to AD 200 The Gospels The Acts of the Apostles The Pauline Letters Extra-Canonical Writings The Evidence of Montanist Visions and the Passio Perpetuae 14.
The intense expectations of the messiah in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam form the necessary backdrop for understanding the success of Sabbateanism. Or are religious ideas simply the product of historical transfusion, played over the course in time where one tribe touches another tribe thereby transforming concepts in a very material and socially determinable way?Although this thesis does not answer those profound questions, it does provide a remarkable example of religious synchronicity, where two diverse spiritual traditions Gnostic and Sant--posit very similar ideas about salvation and the nature of God. The author demonstrates that the phenomenological structure of these two modes is identical according to the Zohar. Revelation Date and Setting The Composition of the Book of Revelation The Message of Revelation Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index of Ancient Sources Index of Subjects Index of Authors 564 pages, 7.27 MB, PDF. The seventeenth century was a time of deep intellectual and political ferment as Europe moved into the modern era. In this thesis I demonstrate how Gnostic and Sant Mat ideas concerning ontology, cosmology, and soteriology are remarkably close, despite the fact that the Gnostic tradition arose in the Middle East in the first and second century C.E. The strains of the Jewish mysticism, Christian millenarianism, scientific innovation, and political transformation all contributed to the development of the Sabbatean movement.By placing Sabbateanism in this broad cultural context, Goldish integrates this Jewish messianic movement into the early modern world, making its story accessible to scholars and students alike. My main sources are the Nag Hammadi Library for the Gnostic tradition and the writings of Tulsi Sahib and Shiv Dayal Singh for the Sant tradition.121 pages, 403 KB, PDF.
The problem is enhanced when those who do so use a language that is not their vernacular, and even more so when that language is part of sacred scriptures, which are understood as paradigmatic and as informing or teaching some sublime forms of experience that took place in the glorious past. Taken over from the Sufis, these gates presaged the 10 Sephirot of the Kabbalistic Tree of Life (Otz Chaim).

It uncovers the messianic motivation, concealed in Hasidic writings after the failure of their 1740-1781 attempts to hurry redemption.The book opens with the Besht, the legendary founder of Hasidism, and continues with the first Hasidic court, founded by one of his prominent disciples, the preacher of Zlotshov.
Caught between the artificiality of the language and the authority of the sacred texts, the dimension of personal experience is often attenuated and sometimes even obliterated. Ibn Paquda based his representation of these 10 levels of closeness to God on the Sufi al-Makki's (d. Cliches, models, paragons, rituals, and ideals canonized in the ancient past are powerful obstacles to representing present experiences. These observations certainly apply to Jewish mystical literatures, written in their vast majority during the Middle Ages, and later, in Hebrew and Aramaic, under the strong impact of biblical and other Jewish canonical values and writings.
She has published extensively on Hasidism and her current study on sixteenth-century Golden Age of Kabbalah is being published in academic forums, including Frankfurter Judaistische Beitrage. Jewish thinkers and mystics used ancient terminology not only to express their own experiences during the Middle Ages, but also to develop complex systems of thought which emerged from the appropriation of signifi cant parts of Greek and Hellenistic philosophy, which were grafted on the canonical Jewish writings.
The best-known versions of these stories, however, have been rewritten for audiences outside traditional Judaism and few works have explored Hasidic tales as they were created by Hasidic Jews. Maximus the ConfessorUnion and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor presents the writings of a key figure in Byzantine theology in the light of the themes of unity and diversity. The principle of simultaneous union and distinction forms the core of Maximus' thought, pervading every area of his theology.
He focuses his study on the neglected Hasidic literature of the early twentieth century - primarily the work of Israel Berger and Abraham Hayim Michelson - and the literary and historical dynamics of its emergence, posing questions about its place in Hasidic society, the attitude of the Hasidim towards this literature, and orality in Hasidic tradition as manifested in these Hasidic books. It can be summarized as: Things united remain distinct and without confusion in an inseparable union.
On the one hand, there is translatio stadii, the translation of the subject from one cultural sphere to another, one school of thought to another. Berger and Michelson wrote in the decade before the First World War, a time of loss and decline for Hasidism.
In the case of religious change, elements are transferred from one religion to another and cause change so great as to generate the recognition that another religion has been produced or, in cases of lesser change, generate syncretistic phenomena.
Their books resisted modernity and positioned Hasidism as authentic Judaism but also reflected modern literary trends, expressed tensions within Hasidism itself, and depicted struggles between the soul and body.
Until the revelation of the Zohar in 13th century Spain, the Bahir was one of the most influential and widely quoted primary source of Kabbalistic teachings. It is quoted in every major book of Kabbalah, the earliest being the Ravad's commentary on Sefer Yetzirah, and it is cited numerous times by the Ramban in his commentary on the Torah. Kabbalah, the major form of medieval Jewish mysticism, emerged in the thirteenth century and produced a large variety of voluminous documents that can be studied in some detail.14 pages, 994 KB, PDF.
Also included is a discussion of reincarnation, an interpretation of the letters of the Hebrew alphabet, the Thirty-two Paths of Wisdom, the twelve diagonal boundaries, and numbers that play a highly significant role in Kabbalistic study. It was one of the basic categories by which the rabbis perceived the new phenomenon of Christianity and one of the central issues over which Judaism and Christianity separated. These distinctions, which are second nature to us even in childhood, were not as numerous or as strict in the medieval European understanding of life. Segal reconstructs the development of the heresy through prudent dating of the stages of the rabbinic traditions. Even when there were systems of division, such as the classification of scholarly subjects according to the Trivium and Quadrivium, the classifications were seen as interconnected and were meant to be studied together. The basic heresy involved interpreting scripture to say that a principal angelic or hypostatic manifestation in heaven was equivalent to God. I don't believe we can hope to truly understand any aspect of medieval culture if we examine these aspects in isolation according to our own categories.My hope is to come to a greater understanding of some part of medieval culture by examining in combination two aspects of this culture that are not normally combined in modern study-sacred architecture and sacred literature. The earliest heretics believed in two complementary powers in heaven, while later heretics believed in two opposing powers in heaven. He expounds on the dynamics of the spiritual domain, the worlds of the Sefirot, souls, and angels. I will explore correlations in the use of sacred geometry, number symbolism, light metaphysics, and optics in Gothic cathedral architecture and sacred literature of the same period. Segal stresses the importance of perceiving the relevance of rabbinic material for solving traditional problems of New Testament and gnostic scholarship, and at the same time maintains the necessity of reading those literatures for dating rabbinic material. This translation is based on Gra version of the Sefer Yetzirah and includes the author's extraordinary commentary on all its mystical aspects including kabbalistic astrology, Ezekiel's vision and the 231 gates.
Also included are three alternative versions to make this volume the most complete work on the Sefer Yetzirah available in English. Two Powers in Heaven: The History and Importance of the Problem PART TWO - THE EARLY RABBINIC EVIDENCEII. How can we live a life capable of hearing "the still small voice" of God while experiencing the speed and sensory overload of modern life?
Sara Rappe's challenging and innovative study is the first book to analyze Neoplatonic texts themselves using contemporary philosophy of language. It covers the whole tradition of Neoplatonic writing from Plotinus through Proclus to Damascius.
In providing the broadest available survey of Neoplatonic writing the book will appeal to classical philosophers, classicists, as well as students of religious studies. ContentsPreface: Discursive Strategies and Neoplatonic Texts page Acknowledgments List of Abbreviations 1 Introduction. Early Christian writers looked at all things through the lens of God and Christ, and Inheriting Wisdom allows us to see through their eyes and gain a sharper perspective on the concerns of the twenty-first century. Introduced, arranged, and translated by Everett Ferguson, these pragmatic quotes allow the ancient authors to speak for themselves.

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