Testing of the dry sprinkler system shall be performed quarterly since some components of the system require quarterly testing and inspection. Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations. SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar i??speed enforcement systems. SML Contracted To Teach At Sheppard Air Force Base-SML has received confirmation that it will be teaching the NHTSA recommended Master Radar Laser Instructor Course to the Air Police at Sheppard Air Force Base in Wichita Falls. Enforcing City-Wide Bans Article To Be Published-SML has researched the use of hand held cell phones while driving in cities with and without city-wide cell phone bans during the first half of 2010 with the assistance of local law enforcement agencies.
A A A  Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations.A  An average of 90% among the four grading criteria is required for instructor certification. A A  Officer Leonard Redhorse received SMLa€™s TOP GUN Award as being the top student in the class. SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials.A  SML serves many federal, state, and local courts as a court recognized expert witness in law enforcement use of radar and laser speed enforcement systems. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar speed enforcement systems. During the great ice storm of December 2013, 4-6 December, SML taught at the Fort Worth Police Academy. SML Contracted To Appear As An Expert Witness-Early December saw SML appear as an expert witness in northern Ohio. SML Attends IACP Convention-Mid-October saw SML attend the IACP convention in Philadelphia, PA. Of specific interest was laser guns that take such pictures and accompanying video that allows for a tracking history. Major Texas City To Use Adopt A School Zone Program-A major Texas city will be taking advantage of i??i??the Adopt A School Zone program. SML Cancels Appearance At Annual New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention-SML contacted authorities at the New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention scheduled for 10-12 December 2013 telling them that road conditions did not permit SML to travel to the Albuquerque event. SML Attends IACP Convention-Mid-October saw SML attend the IACP convention in Philadelphia, PA.A  SML attends the annual convention as it is an Associate Member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Of specific interest was laser guns that take such pictures and accompanying video that allows for a tracking history.A  This has been done for over a decade with radar guns tied to dash cam video systems. Major Texas City To Use Adopt A School Zone Program-A major Texas city will be taking advantage of the Adopt A School Zone program. With the permission of East Mountain School at Carrier Clinic (EMS) administration, the purpose of this Usability Testing Report is to establish an initial baseline study that examines the impact of teachers and students infusing newly installed interactive whiteboard technology as an instructional tool into the classroom. Beginning the 2012-2013 school year, EMS administration paved the way for the installation of seven (7) A“no Interactive Whiteboards (IWB), as a pilot program to integrate technology into selected class subjects. In preparation for this Usability Testing Report, I consulted with EMS Principle Phillip Harmania (Phil), whose permission was required. Related surveys for this Usability Testing Report include an early investigation survey on the IWB, a€?Teachersa€™ Perceptions Regarding the Use of the Interactive Electronic Whiteboard in Instructiona€? by Mary Ann Bell, Baylor University, Winter 1998. An Interactive Whiteboard is a€?a large touch-sensitive board connected to a computer and a digital projector, used for teaching in the classrooma€? (Collins English Dictionary). Part Two a€“ Classroom Usage Observation: Follow-up classroom usage observations were conducted and completed for each participant within a single pre-arranged class period.
This Usability Testing Report attempts to establish an initial baseline study to examine the impact of teachers and students infusing IWB technology as an instructional tool into the classroom.
Through observation, all participants utilized the IWB in varying degrees.A  From demonstrating mathematical equations and having students respond at the IWB to presenting students with topic information from the on-line Worldbook Encyclopedia. IWB equipment is fairly easy to learn and use in the classroom.A  There is still considerable enthusiasm for the majority of participants using IWB technology frequently.
Not all system parts require quarterly testing, but when there are conflicts with other requirements or code references, the more stringent shall apply. Field exercises mandated officers be able to estimate speeds of vehicles as many courts require i??the officer to establish a valid visual tracking history prior to substantiate their observation with a radar or laser gun reading. Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s action in a deadly pursuit. Students were also required to compute a speed field study to the 85th percentile using a speed display furnished by SML.A  Students recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles with no speed display present and then recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles when a speed display attached to a SML vehicle was used.
Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s actionA  in a deadly pursuit.A  The pursuit involved the use of police radar guns as well as established pursuit procedures. The case involved the i??Ohio State Police and the court had not given judicial notice for the use of laser guns in that jurisdiction. SML has been asked to bid on a program that involves sponsorship of school zones by private businesses. Students i??were required to i??estimate the speed and distance of fifty estimations each at the local airport with help from the Emporia Police Department.
The case involved the Ohio State Police and the court had not given judicial notice for the use of laser guns in that jurisdiction.
It sits on the ETATS committee that in part sets performance specifications for the operation of radar and laser systems. The Kustom Signals, Inc LaserCam IIA® and the Laser Technology Incorporated, LTI, accomplish such tasks.
Students were required to estimate the speed and distance of fifty estimations each at the local airport with help from the Emporia Police Department. Science, Technology, Math and Social Studies teacher (participants) classrooms were chosen to infuse IWB technology as an instructional tool in the classroom.


Results show that participant a€?Aa€? responded to all question statements as a€?Always,a€? indicating that IWB technology as an instructional tool into the classroom is being infused in all instances.
Students showed minimal attention while Participant a€?Ea€? struggled to use the IWB technology.
Science, Technology, Math and Social Studies teacher (participants) classrooms were chosen to infuse IWB technology as an instructional tool in the classroom.A  An initial 45 min. There were (3) observations completed with usable data for this report; (2) observations were inconclusive due to the nature of student conduct and participant usage at the time of observations*. All and all, student behaviors make most lessons and learning experiences a challenge for teachers and students at EMS. Through survey and observation, it is clear that participants would benefit from additional and on-going professional development training opportunities. The media report also found radar guns, tuning forks, and officers had not been re-certified per state directives, i.e. The final day had to be postponed until 23 December when the attendees gave their ten i??minute presentation to the class. The court recognized SML as an expert witness and gave judicial notice to the use of laser in the jurisdiction. This has been done with Rest Areas being sponsored by forward thinking communities along interstates. The final day had to be postponed until 23 December when the attendees gave their ten minute presentation to the class.
Unique to the new LTI TruSpeedA® Sx binocular system is the easy interface with a smart phone that is already equipped to take still and video images. Participant seemed enthusiastic to use IWB technology, but falls short on more complex uses.
Part Two a€“ Classroom Usage Observations were logistically challenging to complete with limitations and inconclusive data collected.A  All indications are that those teachers having prior experience with IWB technology are infusing IWB technology as an instructional tool in their classrooms. Shortcomings lie in finding applicable subject content to implement lessons for IWB technology. Some 300 Sheriffs and staff from California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, and Texas attended. The suspect fled the scene although police had correctly used Code 3 procedures, and eluded officers resulting in a fatal crash.
The cell phone ban cities are using tint meters and laser guns that take pictures of offenders to help enforce local ordinances.A A  Cities using photo enforcement already have the legal judicial notice for such use.
During the trial, SML noticed the Ohio State Police were mounting their radar antennas externally by the light bar.
Individual participating schools will construct a budget for signs, radar displays, personnel, and painting of school zone boundaries. Both participants expressed delight in finding interactive lessons via the Internet and through textbook resource applications. The observation data was inconclusive to report further.A  Observations were inconsistent in Part One a€“ Survey (see Tables 1-3). They continually search for opportunities to engage students through more complex means (i.e. El Paso, TX and Las Cruces, NM have had great success in the reduction of hand held cell phones by drivers.
SML has combined a listing of requirements from all fifty states on the training and re-certification of equipment including tuning forks.
United States Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood in a meeting of 21 September 2010 alluded to a national ban on hand held cell phone use similar to national mandates of seat belt legislation.A  States were encouraged to enforcement such seat belt use legislation under the threat of withholding federal highway funds. In Canada, this is done country-wide with lime green paint being affixed to curbs that delineate the begin and end points of school zones.
A Kustom Pro Laser III was used to determine the speeds and distances of the target vehicles as the department had a model of the ProLaser III. Of specific interest is to ascertain the sales of radar and laser speed enforcement systems. It takes advantage of existing technology to accomplish the task of a€?evidence of speedinga€?. The Likert Scale was chosen a€?as a method of ascribing quantitative value to qualitative data, to make amenable to statistical analysis. In both observations, students were able to use the IWB technology, for which it was intended (see Tables 4 & 5). SML used the instructional manual of Understanding Police Traffic Radar And Laser, Library of Congress # 98-87615 with accompanying PowerPoint CD.
Laser use by law enforcement is dramatically increasingly as it can pinpoint one vehicle in a group and now with inclement weather mode can be operated inside the vehicle through the windshield by officers. Unfortunately, the fleeing suspect died at the scene after a head on collision with an approaching vehicle. Senator John McCain.A  Training officers from the various departments were in attendance and sought SMLa€?s advice on NHTSA and state training requirements for the operation of police radar and laser guns. USDOT issued similar mandates to states when determining alcohol BAC levels of .08% for DUI enforcement. A Before and After study will be conducted at a selected elementary school, a middle school, and a high school in the district. An Emporia Police Department Charger was used in addition to a Lyon County Sheriffa€™s Department Ford Explorer for the field exercise. This year the emphasis was the use of laser guns that take pictures of infractions for court use for a€?evidence of speedinga€?.
A Before and After study will be conducted at a selected elementary school, a middle school, and a high school in the district.A  The Before study will look at the speed limit compliance with posted speed limits when the school zone is active.


A numerical value is assigned to each potential choice and a mean figure for the responses is computed at the end of the evaluation or survey.
Both participants indicated theya€™d used other IWB technology products in previous school districts.
Those participants without prior experience are still struggling to integrate this technology and after only 2 months of use in the classroom.A  Students are engaged longer and time on task is extended when using the IWB technology.
Attending officers were required to present to the class a formal presentation on the topic of their choice which was graded by fellow class members.
This report questioned all fifty state police training academies for particular requirements.A  NHTSA recommends training programs and standards to the states and local jurisdictions. Expect the federal government to issue similar notification to states regarding the use of handheld cell phone while driving.
The classwork was consistent with NHTSA recommendations of 24 hours of classroom instruction for Master Radar Laser Instructor Certification. The field activity of estimations of speed and distance is essential in establishing a Valid Visual Tracking History substantiated by a radar or laser gun reading. An After study will look at the same school zones after posting a radar displays, increased signage, or improved painting in the school zone and the percentage of drivers adhering to the speed limit.A  Solicitations will be made to the community to fund those devices or strategies that are effective.
30% of student populations are day students; most are out-of-district placements from district schools across NJ. These recent and precedent setting court decisions are of great assistance to officers and prosecutors in assuring the court and the public that officers properly use and test speed measurement systems in speeding trials. It is not a matter of a€?ifa€? the federal government will issue such restrictions, but a€?whena€?.A  According to USDOT, Traffic Safety Facts, cell phone use and texting has now become the number #3 cause of accidents and fatalities in the county.
Each successful student was given both wall and billfold certificates entitling them to teach both Master Instructors and Operators of radar and laser based speed enforcement systems. In the classroom setting, the importance of using the correct tuning fork that accompanied the radar gun model was demonstrated.
According to USDOTa€™s Traffic Safety Facts, Speeding is the second leading cause of death and injuries on Texas and national highways. Increasingly, citizens are challenging speeding tickets and requiring officers to make court appearances.A  The article provides departments and officers a step by step approach in preparing for such court appearances.
Increasingly, Courts and the public are questioning not only training requirements of the officers but operation of the systems in accordance with the Operatora€™s Manual of the specific radar or laser system. Many departments find such teaching important as they must continually find officers who have attended the NHTSA compliant instruction. In response to this cancer possibility the Occupational Safety And Health Act (OSHA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the urging of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) found that, a€?In sum, the assessment found that even with continuous exposure, no measurements at the aperture of the antennas of all devices tested exceeded the acceptablei?? OSHA levels. Students were told to keep their completed speed and distance form for court use in the future. In response to this cancer possibility the Occupational Safety And Health Act (OSHA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the urging of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) found that, a€?In sum, the assessment found that even with continuous exposure, no measurements at the aperture of the antennas of all devices tested exceeded the acceptable OSHA levels. Texas Transportation Institute, University of Nebraska, and the University of Kansas as reported in other national studies. Further, tests were conducted by mounting radar units in patrol cars to see if microwave energy reflected off the windshield and thereby exposed the occupants of the vehicle.
Performance standards of radar and laser systems must comply with the following federal documents:A  DOT HS 809 812 for radar and DOT HS 809 811 for laser. There were no measurable amounts of microwave energy anywhere in the drivera€™s seat or the front passengera€™s seat. Florida actually tests equipment to a more stringent standard than to the federal standard of DOT HS 809 812(radar) and DOT HS 809 811 (laser). Most radar antennas, save motorcycle units, are not designed to be externally mounted and must constantly be modified to meet the purpose of accurate readings consistent with the Operatora€™s Manual of the specific radar system.
The State of New Mexico issues compliance with their standards and has issued approval to SML curriculum and the approval number of NM12-53C.
The Texas Commission of Law Officer Standards and Education, TCLOSE, issues its own approvals and has issued the number of #2054 for the SML course. Part of the instruction is having students estimate the speeds of fifty (50) vehicles and the distances of (50) vehicles. This is done with various laser guns operated by students and is critical to establish a Valid Visual Tracking History. Court cases abound demanding the prima facia evidence is the officera€™s estimation speed of a vehicle i.e. Hall the court admonished the officer in making the traffic stop with probable cause based solely on the laser gun readi??ing. Hall the court admonished the officer in making the traffic stop with probable cause based solely on the laser gun reading. Each officer is billed $350.00 for attending such training and SML regularly conducts such training at different parts of the United States annually. Students record 100 speeds of vehicles before any treatment and then record 100 after a large radar display is added to the same highway.
In many cases, a laser gun tied to a computer is shown to students allowing for immediate results.
The most prestigious award is the TOP GUN Award presented to the highest score in a particular class. The TOP GUN Award during the Fort Worth Police Academy teaching was presented to Officer Deena Evans for her fine performance.



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