Communication is the process of exchanging information in the form of messages, symbols, thoughts, signs, and opinions.
It would be extremely hard to imagine a world without some form of interpersonal interaction. Some of the basic ways by which we communicate with one another is through speech, sign language, body language, touch, and eye contact. These means of communication are used for transferring information from one entity to the other, and always involve a sender and receiver. Communication of information, messages, opinions, and thoughts can be done with the aid of different communicative aids such as books, Internet, smartphones etc.
There are mainly four types of communication which are used in various ways to convey the final message to the receiver. This form of communication takes place between two individuals and is thus a one-on-one conversation.
This type of communication can take place only when there are more than two people involved. This type of communication takes place when one individual addresses a large gathering of people. Media communication is developing at a meteoric rate in order to ensure clarity and to eliminate any ambiguity. To provide an communication apparatus such as a facsimile apparatus that allows radio communication in different modes to be used so that efficient communication can be implemented.
FIELD OF THE INVENTIONThe present invention relates to a communication apparatus capable of radio communication of different modes such as TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) mode used in PHS (PersonalHandy-phoneSystem) and so on and FH (Frequency Hopping) mode used in Bluetooth and so on.BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTIONIn recent years, development of radio communication technologies have advanced to the extent that products wherein a radio communication function is added to a communication apparatus such as a facsimile apparatus are appearing. Visual learners prefer using images, pictures, colors, and maps to organize information and communicate with others. Aspergers101 would like to recognize the immeasurable contributions of charter Aspergers101 Education (K-12) content contributor Lisa Rogers! Visual Supports for Visual Thinkers: Practical Ideas for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Other Special Educational Needs - 1st EditionA must-have for Understanding Aspergers Syndrome! How to Expand A Picky Eater’s DietSuspect Aspergers?23 Truths I learned From Social Skills TrainingDr. As a nonprofit organization, we rely on donors' generosity to further the Aspergers101 mission of providing free, credible information for living your very best with High Functioning Autism or Aspergers Syndrome.
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There are mainly four types of communication, which are used in varying ways depending on the medium used or the way in which information is exchanged.
The cycle of communication is said to be complete only when the receiver has understood the sender's message and intent.
Speaking is an effective way of communicating and helps in expressing our emotions in words. It includes the silent conversations we have with ourselves, wherein we juggle roles between the sender and receiver who are processing our thoughts and actions.
Here, the two individuals involved will swap their roles of sender and receiver in order to communicate in a clearer manner. Here the number of people will be small enough to allow each participant to interact and converse with the rest.
Nonverbal communication involves the use of physical ways of communication, such as tone of the voice, touch, and expressions. Body posture and language convey a lot of nonverbal messages when communicating verbally with someone. Thereby, making written communication an indispensable part of informal and formal communication.
For example, topography, photography, signs, symbols, maps, colors, posters, banners and designs help the viewer understand the message visually.
When these icons are used in a public place, phone or computer, they instruct the user about their meaning and usage.
All of these visual features require us to view the screen in order to understand the message being conveyed.
The aforementioned four types of communication have played a vital role and continue to do so, in bridging the gap between people, commerce, education, health care, and entertainment.
For instance, even in a state where the image reading section (hand scanner) is removed, it allows an image read by the facsimile apparatus to be sent to another first terminal and simultaneously radio-communicated to a public switched line by a second terminal by way of the facsimile apparatus. On the other hand, there is increasing necessity to send and receive image data because of the spread of digital cameras and color printers.In such situation, a method of efficiently performing image communication is disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. An auditory learner depends on hearing and speaking as a main way of learning.  Auditory learners must be able to hear what is being said in order to understand, and may have difficulty with instructions that are drawn. It’s more likely they like sports, exercise and other physical activities such as gardening, or woodworking.


When I talk to an employer I can set up supports within management, and the coworkers that would enable the client to be trained using visual supports. Lisa speaks out on behalf of special needs students through Educating Diverse Learners and educates through autism conferences and her book Visual Supports for Visual Thinkers. Your donation will forever impact the lives of individuals with autism and their families who are supporting them.
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In such cases, there is usually a single sender of information and several receivers who are being addressed. Also, it allows a quality cordless telephone function to be implemented by a TDMA radio line and simultaneously high-speed transmission of image data and so on to be implemented by a frequency hopping radio line. If they were only receiving auditory or kinesthetic supports, they would struggle and could ultimately not be successful. The most candid question came at the end of the evening when Sam was asked whether the parent should reveal to their son that he was recently diagnosed with High-Functioning Autism to which Sam replied “Why would you not? Unless a specific issue is being discussed, small group discussions can become chaotic and difficult to interpret by everybody.
Creative and aesthetic nonverbal forms of communication include music, dancing and sculpturing.
The communication apparatus according to the present invention is characterized by concurrently using a radio communication line such as TDMA of which transmission band is guaranteed to be used although its transmission speed is not fast as exemplified by PHS and a radio communication line such as frequency hopping that has a possibility of interference occurring in the transmission band although its transmission speed is fast as exemplified by Bluetooth. 10-224591 describes that a single digital radio line is time-division-multiplexed into a low-speed radio data communication channel of 32 Kbps or so and a high-speed radio data communication channel of 400 Kbps or so, and the low-speed radio data communication channel is used when accessing a public switched line and the high-speed radio data communication channel is used when not accessing a public switched line.Meanwhile, there are facsimile apparatuses of recent years having an image reading section (hand scanner) capable of being removed from the apparatus main body for use.
In this mode, however, there is a problem that radio interference is apt to occur since each individual channel does not occupy a specific frequency, which is different from the case of the time division multiple access (TDMA). Also, it is intended to allow a quality cordless telephone function to be implemented by a TDMA radio line and simultaneously high-speed transmission of image data and so on to be implemented by a frequency hopping radio line. 1 is a diagram showing an example of configuration of an image communication system centering on a facsimile apparatus 101 according to a first embodiment of the present invention.FIG.
2 is a block diagram showing an example of configuration of the facsimile apparatus 101 and a hand scanner 102 in FIG. 3A and 3B are diagrams showing a concept of a radio frame of a frequency hopping mode and a concept of a TDMA radio line frame that are usable in the present invention.FIG. 4 is a flowchart explaining operation of the facsimile apparatus 101 in the first embodiment of the present invention.FIG. 5 is a flowchart explaining operation of the facsimile apparatus 101 in the first embodiment of the present invention.FIG. 6 is a flowchart explaining operation of the facsimile apparatus 101 in the first embodiment of the present invention.FIG. 7 is a block diagram showing an example of configuration of the facsimile apparatus 101a and the hand scanner 102 related to a second embodiment of the present invention.FIG.
2 is a block diagram showing configuration of the facsimile apparatus 101 and the hand scanner 102 in FIG.
1.The facsimile apparatus 101 has a first central control unit (CPU) 201, a data bus and an address bus 202, a ROM 203 and an SRAM 204. A shared register 210 is a register for exchanging data between the CPU 205 and the hand scanner 102.The hand scanner 102 has a CPU 211, a RAM 212 and a data bus 213.
A CIS (Contact Image Sensor) 214 for reading images contains red (R), green (G) and blue (B) LED arrays. The image data converted into digital data is stored in the RAM 212 by way of the data bus 213, and thereafter sent to the apparatus 101-side as required by way of the shared register 210. Conversely, the data received by the high frequency division 217 has a header and so on in the frame deleted by the frequency hopping data processing division 216, and a data portion of the frame is stored in the RAM 212. It is possible thereafter to send it to the facsimile apparatus 101 as required by way of the shared register 210.The facsimile apparatus 101 is also equipped with a color printer 219. Audio or facsimile analog data is connected to the public switched line by way of the cross-point switch 225.An ISDN line (U point) 226 and a DSU 227 convert the data exchanged with an office switchboard into a TTL-level signal. Reference numerals 247 and 248 denote ADPCM-encoded audio data to be inputted and outputted to the digital cordless telephones 103 and 104.FIGS.
3A and 3B are diagrams showing a concept of a radio frame of the frequency hopping mode and a concept of a TDMA radio line frame that are used in this embodiment.FIG.
They are the fields of which sections are longer than those of the CNT and the LCCH, and capable of acquiring a transmission rate of approximately 900 Kbps bidirectionally. Moreover, the LCCH and the DCH are used in common by the terminals accommodated in the system, and are not necessarily capable of continuously sending data. 6.Hereafter, the communication system centering on the facsimile apparatus 101 shown in FIG. 1 will be described in the following order.[1] Audio communication in the case of using the public switched line[2] Processing in the case where the radio terminal accesses the Internet[3] Processing in the case where the radio terminal transmits data to the facsimile apparatus[4] Processing in the case of sending an image read by the hand scanner to the public switched line or another radio terminal[5] Processing in the case of incoming from the public switched line to the radio terminal[1] Audio Communication Using the Public Switched LineIn the case of performing audio communication by way of the ISDN (S401 to S402), the transmission rate of 32 Kbps is sufficient if voice is ADPCM-encoded and transmitted, and it is not desirable that interference in the radio wave occurs for a long time. Thereafter, it exchanges synchronous bursts and then if it receives a call setting message, it detects a destination number in the message and starts a process of transmitting to an ISDN line 226 (S404).The CPU 201 assembles the call setting message to be sent to the ISDN, and sends it to the ISDN by way of the ISDN interface division.
On receipt of a response message from the ISDN (S405), it sends the response message to the digital cordless telephones 103 and starts a call.Thereafter, the digital cordless telephones 103 uses one of uplink TDMA radio slots to send 32 Kbps ADPCM-encoded audio data to the facsimile apparatus 101.
Driver software in the PC 106 sends to the PIAFS card 105 a notice of a request to transmit, and on receiving it, the PIAFS card 105 makes the request to transmit to the digital cordless telephone 104.


This request to transmit also includes telephone number information (03-1234-XXXX for instance) specified by the application software.The digital cordless telephone 104 sends a request for link channel establishment, and on receiving it, the facsimile apparatus 101 allocates a link channel to the digital cordless telephone and establishes a 32 Kbps radio line.
To be more specific, the digital cordless telephone 104 and the facsimile apparatus 101 establish the radio link by mutually sending the synchronous bursts (S403).Next, the digital cordless telephone 104 uses an allocated slot to send the call setting message. On receiving the response message from the ISDN (S405), the PHS processing division 231 sends the response message to the digital cordless telephone 104. In this stage, sending and receiving B1 channel data become possible between the PC 106 and a server terminal that is the other-end terminal 2 (110), for instance, via the ISDN.Thereafter, the PIAFS card 105 sends and receives a PIAFS radio transmission frame at the transmission rate of 32 Kbps according to a radio data communication protocol, and establishes the radio data communication link. To be more specific, it sends a negotiation frame, establishes synchronization with the PIAFS controller 230, and then exchanges information on setting such as whether compressed or not by a communication parameter setting request frame that is a kind of a control frame.In the meantime, on receiving the data from the digital cordless telephone 104, the facsimile apparatus 101 inputs it to the PIAFS processing division 230. The PIAFS processing division disassembles the PIAFS frame and performs a receiving process for the purpose of establishing a radio data transmission link.Once the radio data transmission link is established, the PC 106 starts sending the data to be sent to the server terminal 110. The data outputted by the PC 106 is inputted to the facsimile apparatus 101 in a data frame format of PIAFS.
On receiving the data, the facsimile apparatus 101 performs a frame disassembling process by deleting a frame identification header, an ARQ control division, an FCS division and so on of the received data frame, and stores the data in the SRAM 204 via the data bus 202.Next, it transfers the data stored in the SRAM 204 to the HDLC controller 229, converts it into 64 Kbps synchronous data, and sends it to the ISDN by way of the ISDN interface division 228 (S406). On receiving the request-to-send-data command, the hand scanner 102 sends clear-to-send-data command to the digital camera so as to establish a frequency hopping radio line link (S409).On receiving the clear-to-send-data command, the digital camera sends the image data to be sent at the transmission rate of 450 Kbps by using a DCH field. On receiving permission to start printing from the CPU 205, the CPU 211 of the hand scanner 102 writes the printing image data stored in the RAM 212 to the shared register 210, and the CPU 205 transfers the image data written there to the printer image processing division 218. 5, if the hand scanner starts reading (S421), a read RGB video signal is converted from CIE to LAB color space, converted to digital data and then stored in the RAM 212.
The CPU 211 JPEG-compresses the image data stored in the RAM, and then stores it again in the RAM 212 (S422).If it finishes image reading operation by the hand scanner and detects that the hand scanner 102 is placed on the facsimile apparatus main body 101 (S423), it displays a process menu including alternatives of “Print? Radio transmission?” on a display division included in the operation panel 220 of the apparatus main body 101, for instance (S424).If “Printing” is selected by operating the operation panel 220 (S425), the JPEG image data stored in the RAM 212 of the hand scanner 102 is expanded by the middleware (S426) and transferred to the image processing division 218 of the apparatus main body 101 by way of the shared register 210. The printer image processing division 218 performs color space conversion from LAB to CMYK (S427), and then converts the resolution to the printing data of 360 dpi that is the resolution of the printer (S428) and transfers it to the color printer 219 so as to print it (S429).In addition, if “FAX transmission” is selected (S430), it performs an ISDN outgoing process to a telephone number inputted on an input screen displayed later (S431).
If there is a response from the ISDN, the JPEG image data stored in the RAM 212 is transferred to the modem 221 of the apparatus main body 101 as-is by way of the shared register 210, and the modem 221 modulates it (S432). The modulated analog signal is converted into a PCM code by the PCM codec 235 and transmitted to the ISDN (S433). If the facsimile apparatus on the other end, which is an other-end terminal 1 (100), has a JPEG expansion function, the other-end facsimile apparatus 100 can expand and print a received file.Lastly, if “Radio transmission” is selected (S435), it does not use the public switched line for data transmission, and so the frequency hopping processing division 216 sends a data transmission command (S436) in order to transmit by using a frequency hopping radio communication line.
For instance, in the case of sending the read image to the radio terminal 107, it sends the request-to-send command including an address of the radio terminal 107. On receiving the clear-to-send command from the radio terminal 107, the CPU 211 transfers the JPEG image data stored in the RAM 212 to the frequency hopping data processing division 216.
The transferred data is converted into a radio wave by the 2.4 GHz high frequency division 217 and is sent to the radio terminal 107 (S437 to S438). If the radio terminal 107 has the JPEG expansion function, the radio terminal 107 can display the image read by the hand scanner 102.[5] Processing in the Case of Incoming from the Public Switched Line to the Radio TerminalIn the case where there is an incoming call from the ISDN and a specific radio terminal is designated as a sub-address, the radio communication line does not need the transmission rate of 64 Kbps or higher that is the transmission rate of the ISDN.
6, in the case where there is an incoming call from the ISDN to the radio terminal 107 (S441), the facsimile apparatus 101 accesses the connected radio line type information of the radio terminal 107 that is registered in advance.
In the case where the radio terminal 107 can use the TDMA channel (S442), an incoming notice is given to the radio terminal 107 by the TDMA channel, and on receiving a request to establish a link channel from the radio terminal 107, a link channel is allocated so that a radio line link is established (S443). In the case where the hand scanner 102 is placed thereon, it gives an incoming notice to the radio terminal 107 by a frequency hopping radio communication channel (S448). The facsimile apparatus 101a stores in the RAM 212 the image data received via the 2.4 GHz high frequency division 217 and the frequency hopping data processing division 216, and displays in the display division of the operation panel 220 a process selection menu of “Image data reception completed. FAX transmission?” for instance (S611).If “Printing” is selected (S612), the JPEG image data stored in the RAM 212 is expanded by the middleware of the CPU 211 (S613) and transferred to the printer image processing division 218 by way of the shared register 210. The printer image processing division 218 performs conversion from LAB to CMYK (S614), and further converts the resolution to the printing data of 360 dpi that is the resolution of the printer 219 (S615), and then transfers it to the color printer 219 so as to print it (S616).If “FAX transmission” is selected (S617), it performs an ISDN outgoing process to a telephone number inputted from an unillustrated input screen later (S618).
If there is a response from the ISDN, the JPEG compressed image data stored in the RAM 212 is transferred to the modem 221 and the modem 221 modulates it (S619).
The PCM codec 235 converts the above modulated analog signal into a PCM code (S620) and transmit it to the ISDN (S621). If the facsimile apparatus on the other end has a JPEG expansion function, the other-end facsimile apparatus can expand and print the received file.Moreover, this embodiment describes the case where, if the image data is sent to the facsimile apparatus 101a, it is selected on the facsimile apparatus 101a whether to print it or send it by FAX.
At the same time, in the case of sending printing data to the facsimile apparatus and sending the image data read by the facsimile apparatus to a PC, it implements high-speed transmission by the frequency hopping mode.
Accordingly, even in a state where the image reading section (hand scanner) is removed, for instance, it allows the image read by the facsimile apparatus to be sent to another first terminal and simultaneously radio-communicated to the public switched line by a second terminal by way of the facsimile apparatus. Also, it allows a quality cordless telephone function to be implemented by the TDMA radio line and simultaneously high-speed transmission of image data and so on to be implemented by the frequency hopping radio line. In addition, it is possible, by providing the above radio communication line connection function to both the hand scanner diffused with the facsimile apparatus and the apparatus main body, to allow the read image to be sent by facsimile, printed and sent to another terminal in the state where the hand scanner is removed from the apparatus main body.Furthermore, the present invention can be applied to the system comprising either a plurality of units or a single unit.
It is needless to say that the present invention can be applied to the case which can be attained by supplying programs which execute the process defined by the present system or invention.The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments and various changes and modifications can be made within the spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore, to apprise the public of the scope of the present invention the following claims are made.



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