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Published 14.03.2014 | Author : admin | Category : Wooden Boat Building Kits

Vineyard Sound BoatDetail of Ship Plan ASSC-62The Smithsonian's collection of watercraft plans, maintained by the History of Technology Division of the National Museum of American History, is a valuable resource for the maritime historian, the student of naval architecture, other scholars, the model builder, and craftspeople.
The Reffye Mitrailleuse (canon a balles) was a hand-operated machine gun that fired volleys of bullets from 25 parallel rifle barrels built into a brass cannon sleeve. The Reffye Mitrailleuse was a 'super weapon' fielded by the French Army when war was forced on them by the Prussians in 1870. Bear in mind that the report was written by a Prussian in the middle of a war between France and Prussia, and readers may notice a bias against France in the introduction. The surprising successes of the Prussian armies over the Austrian in the year 1866 were due, aside from their excellent strategic disposition, principally to the fact of the former being armed with the needle-gun. In particular, France, always wishing to play the role of the first military power in Europe, seeing how she had been distanced by Prussia in the arms question, jealous of the latter's glory, and chafing at her own impotence to take an immediate revenge, threw all her energies into arming her infantry with a new breech-loader - the Chassepot - which in range and rasance de trajectoire (fleetness of trajectory) should stand far above the needle-gun. The barrels, A, of iron, twenty-five in number, square in cross-section, are breech-loading gun-barrels of 950mm in length and 13mm in caliber.
This bundle of barrels is inclosed in a jacket, B, which has the outward form of an ordinary piece of artillery.
To the rear of the chase is the trunk portion, closed behind by the breech (c) open at the top and limited at the sides by two perpendicular walls which meet and form a rounded bottom. At the highest point of the breech is placed the rear sight-mass (h) in which the rear-sight (i) is fitted hinge-fashion. The cartridge-magazine is one of the most important of the independent parts of the gun, the united action of which renders possible the delivery of an extraordinary number of shots in a very short time.
The needle-guide is composed of two plates secured together, the forward of which is bored with twenty-five holes, of a size permitting the free passage of the smaller part of the needle, while those of the rear-plate will admit the larger part only. The four bolts, as guide-rods, serving to center the needle-guide and spring-box, are utilized to fasten the forward and after-plate of the needle-guide together.
The reason for this arrangement in the construction is that the rapidity of fire being thus controlled, by the movement of the side crank, it is possible to impart a scattering effect by means of the breech-ratchet and endless-screw above mentioned. If, now, we turn the screw, E, to the left [anti-clockwise], the whole mechanism, including the cartridge-magazine, is drawn to the rear. In separating the needle-guide plates and the spring-box the needles are drawn back so far that their larger portion is released from the broader hole of the rest-plate.
A filled cartridge magazine is now placed in position and hooked (m) into the needle-guide plate. The time occupied by the whole manoeuvre, with well-trained artillerists, is from 13 to 15, seconds, so that the piece is capable of delivering at least one hundred shots per minute.
The cartridge used with the mitrailleuse is composed of the bullet, case, the charge, and cap containing fulminate. The trail is in two parts, (a a,) called half-blocks, separated by forward, middle, and rear transoms, and held together by cross-bolts.
The short brackets (b b) are bolted on to the forward part of the half-blocks on each side, and are provided with scores above and below for the trunnion-plates and axles respectively. The axle, (c,) of iron, is square between the arms, which are slightly conical and, furnished with lynch-pin and hole at the ends. The swing-bed, (c,) of bronze, has a socket forward for the gun-pivot, also cylindrical trunnions (e') fitted with plates for securing them in the brackets.
The contrivance for giving lateral training consists of an endless screw placed in a score in the upper rear part of the swing-bed, and turned by the crank-wheel, (k.) The thread of this screw passes between the cog-teeth of a ratchet on the underneath side of the breech. The apparatus for cleaning the cartridge-magazines is placed on the rear part of the trail and consists of a foot-plate (l) with two sides, (l',) bolted firmly to the half-blocks, upon which are twenty-five upright iron pins and a lever for pressing down the magazine. On the right side of the trail, above the lock-plate hook, is a small wooden box to carry one cartridge-magazine. Have you ever wanted to stand up from your desk, scream "screw this shit," go build a boat from scraps of wood and debris, then blow up a car as part of a loosely knit group of guerilla artists? New York City photographer Tod Seelie has spent the last decade and a half alongside a bunch of nomads who run and play and party and set things on fire and build crazy watercraft, along the way documenting a lifestyle that's a cross between street art and high seas piracy. It really comes from a strong impulse to follow your creative drive, whether that means building giant rafts with found objects and setting sail down a river, or staging wild parties in abandoned theatres, or replacing malt liquor billboards with children's drawings, or blowing up junk cars.
There is nothing virtual that can compare to the feeling of climbing a huge bridge with a bunch of people while the wind is tugging at your clothes and there's a slight chance you might die. But one of my most memorable experiences was when a bunch of us cruised down the Grand Canal in Venice on our junk rafts. Patti Smith recently said that artists should leave New York, that the city’s crushing rents and gentrification is too hostile an environment for creating art. We’ve also taken our efforts to Haiti with another collective, called Konbit Shelter.
To make this collection more accessible to the public, black-line reproductions of many of the plans are offered for sale. The attention of all Europe was drawn to this weapon, and a general move was made either to alter the old muzzle-loader into a breech-loader or to discard it altogether for a new model. As it was found impossible to provide the army with the Chassepot within a few months, and as the political events of 1867 showed how unavoidable was the coming conflict between the two powers, Napoleon sought to supply the want of effectiveness in his infantry-fire through other means, and his attention having been called to the favourable results with the machine gun in the American civil war, he introduced into the French service, after designs of his own, the Mitrailleuse. Those in which the barrels are movable, and capable of delivering an unbroken, continuous fire. Those in which the barrels are fixed, and the fire delivered in volleys with longer or shorter pauses.
To the last, Christoph's and Montigny's [Folger names him as Montejay] mitrailleur, and also the Feldle gun, lately proposed for introduction into the Bavarian army. They are rifled with 10 grooves, making 1.5 turns in the barrel length, and provided with a chamber 28mm in length.
On the inner surface of the side walls are two grooves (d) which serve as guides for the firing-mechanism. The service of the piece is much simplified by the simultaneous loading of all the barrels, and as a number of filled magazines are kept at hand a rapid succession of volleys is obtained, and with most destructive effect.
The rear-plate also receives the rest-plate, and to this end it is provided with a proper recess.

On the forward side of the needle-guide are found the corresponding hooks to those of the cartridge-magazine.
12) serves the purpose, first, of holding the needles back, the springs under tension, and then, on receiving a horizontal movement, of releasing them to fly forward and explode the cartridges. Further, if all the barrels were fired together the escaping powder-gases would seriously affect the accuracy of the fire.
2 we have the cartridge-magazine loaded, with its bolts in the sockets, and by means of the screw E - moving the whole mechanism - pressed firmly against the breech-surface of the barrels, the needles are held back in their guides by the rest-plate with the springs at a tension. The four guide-rods (x) strike against the forward side of the breech; and being firmly secured to the needle-guide plates, these latter remain fast, while the spring-box moves to the rear until it reaches the shoulder on the guide-rods, when the whole movement ceases.
The latter is now moved to the right, the needles enter the narrow portion, and the springs can be again pressed down. The screw, E, is turned and at first only the spring-box moves forward, the shoulder of the rear part of the needle strikes the rest-plate, which, in its present position, does not admit of the former's passing. 2) is screwed on the upper part of the needle-guide in order to cover the joint between the latter and the spring-box. The bullet (a) is 3 calibers long, weighs 50 grammes, and is two-thirds of its length cylindrical in shape, with the other third conical ; the point is rounded.
The swing-bed ends at the rear in the cheek-pieces, (e",) between which the flat head of the inner right-handed adjusting-screw (g) is bolted. It serves the purpose of carrying a certain quantity of ammunition, and also on the march a portion of the artillerymen. If you have any comments about this boat, corrections to the specifications listed, or can provide additional information or photos, please use the comment form below and share what you can. The result is his new book, Bright Nights: Photographs of Another New York, I sat down with him to talk about how he got these amazing pictures and what this world was like.
Do you think this movement is a backlash to the digital native experience, where so much of life is lived virtually—like a longing to radically reconnect to our bodies and each other?
I've been a bit too close to an exploding car, climbed up bridges and down tunnels and driven a half-sinking boat at the same time I was shooting pictures while dodging ferries and aggressive water traffic in pretty decent chop as we rounded the southern tip of Manhattan.
We had been denied permission to enter the canal six times, so we did it anyway under the cover of darkness in the middle of the night, risking jail. While there is a huge amount of truth to that, a lot of the people I know aren't ready to give up yet.
The following three publications contain descriptions of plans and instructions for ordering large-scale copies; these catalogs are only available by writing to the address below. The barrels are so placed (brazed together) that the cross-section of the mass is again square, the axes of all being parallel.
On the upper edge an iron plate (e) is let in lengthways to preserve the metal from the friction of the backward and forward movement. 1a) consists of a foot-plate, two upright standards joined above, and the movable sight-bar. It is of iron and provided with twenty-five perforations - corresponding with the barrels - to receive the cartridges. By means of a contrivance fitted on the trail the empty magazines are cleaned and then immediately refilled.
They are thrown forward by the springs, the points strike the cartridge-caps, and the cartridges are exploded. It is cast with five slit-like apertures, so arranged that certain parts admit the passage of the rear, larger portion of the needles, while others only allow the entrance of the forward and smaller portion.
The gun-metal and mechanism is also relieved of much strain, as the vibration caused by the explosion of the powder-charges would be materially increased by the discharge of several contiguous barrels. If now a horizontal movement to the left is imparted to the rest-plate, by means of its screw and crank, the needles are freed in the above-named order; thrown forward by the springs, their points strike the cartridge-heads and the cartridges are discharged. The springs are pressed down, and the needle-guide and cartridge-magazine move forward, the bolts enter their sockets, the shot their chambers in the barrels, and the forward fall of the magazine reaches the breech-surface of the barrels. Closing the apparatus and pressing back the springs by turning the screw, E to the right ; 3.
On the lower end are two grooves to insure a firmer union with the case (b.) The latter is made of cardboard, is cylindrical in shape, and provided with a brass cap (c) 13mm in height, with a projecting rim.
They are provided with hinged lids and serve to carry, each, two filled cartridge-magazines. The pole is secured to the inner (a) and these are fastened together by the cross-bar, (d.) At the rear ends there is a transom upon which is bolted an iron plate (c) which tapers off at (f) in the limber-hook.
I created this site mostly for my own browsing pleasure, but if you like it too - all the better.
When we see those dirty crust punks drinking out of paper bags on the street, we always feel a twinge of jealousy for their nomadic, free-wheeling lifestyle, because they're l-i-v-i-n, man, while the rest of us push pens and pay the rent on the first. As a participant, I experience things and help make things happen that are amazing and inspiring, for ourselves and hopefully for others.
This was one of the fleets of rafts that we made out of found materials, designed and masterminded by Swoon, and they had furniture that we lit from the inside so it glowed. We continue to form and reform all kinds of communities for special projects that make living in New York worthwhile for us, and hopefully for other people as well. We are working on bringing in people who can introduce various things, like composting toilets and rocket stoves. The muzzle and chase contain the barrels, while the trunk serves as a receptacle for the cartridge-magazine, the firing-mechanism, and the screw. In the bottom of the trunk there is a small hole to allow the escape of rain-water which may enter above. On the rear side these are slightly enlarged to allow the rim of the cartridge-case to sink to the level of the surface. To facilitate charging, the, cartridges are so arranged in sheet iron cases that by drawing back a trap-plate the whole twenty-five fall together into their places in the magazine. The smaller openings are also so placed that, the rest-plate being in its extreme position to the right [if viewed from the front], they correspond exactly to the holes in the guide-plate and prevent an entrance of the needles.

As, however, alternate barrels are fired, and these in succession, the vibration caused by each has passed before the following begins. The springs are only partially pressed down by this movement, and are only at complete tension when, on continuing to turn the screw E, the space between the needle-guide and spring-box is entirely closed. The bullet is further secured in the case by a strip of paper (d ;) it is also armed on the bottom with a layer of tallow for lubricating the bore. The box is of wood and has a hinged cover, covered with sheet iron, which opens on the side toward the gun.
The band Dark Dark Dark was playing live on the top of one of the rafts, so there was this spooky soundtrack to our voyage down the middle of an ancient piece of history.
We’re also working to create a solar powered internet station so the village can connect to the information and education available online, even out in the foothills and mango groves. The jacket projects a little beyond the fall of the barrels ; the muzzle is sharply rounded, and in its upper half, in a triangular cut, is placed the forward-sight. On the outside are two buttons each side, serving to fasten an apron for the protection against the influences of weather.
Both front and rear faces are recessed around the several holes to prevent an escape of the powder-gases. The length of the smaller holes is further so measured that the rows of needles do not move forward together, but successively, and beginning with the upper row. Firing, by turning the side crank at the same time giving a turn to the crank-wheel connected with the scattering arrangement ; 5. The inside is divided into three compartments - those on the sides for ammunition, and that in the middle for spare articles, &c.
It was a bit like stepping outside of ourselves and realizing, Oh wow, magical realism is actually real. Twice a month we gather food from the trash of the better supermarkets, take it home, wash and inspect it, and then cook it up to serve whoever shows up. The latter is not in the vertical plane of the axis of the piece, but a little to the right, [Fig 1 shows it offset to the right, but an actual gun, General Duchand in Paris, has the fore sight offset to the Left - see Gallery] and the distance to the right corresponds to the mean drift of the projectile and hence no allowance in sighting is necessary. The right side-wall has also a rectangular aperture for the introduction of the rest-plate screw. The magazine is fitted with a hook (m) on each side to insure its juxtaposition with the firing-mechanism ; and to center its perforations with the barrels it is furnished with four brass-headed bolts (n) which fit neatly in the above-mentioned sockets in the jackets.
The spring-box (Figs, 2, 6, 7, 9) is bored with twenty-five holes, which serve as guides to the needle-shafts enclosed in the spiral springs. By using, in this manner, a right and a left-handed screw, working the one within the other, on raising the outer screw a double movement ensues and a more rapid elevation. The breech (c) is bored through in its center and provided with a square thread for the screw, E.
The forward movement of the needles is limited by the plate (o) secured by four bolts to the spring-box.
The lower part of the cartridge is closed by a paper cap, which is inclosed by the brass head containing also the copper capsule of fulminate. The chase has here its smallest diameter of 170mm, and extends to the rear, to the trunk part, in conical form, which in a length of 300mm (measured from the trunk) is flattened at the sides. On the underneath surface of the breech is a cog-ratchet through the teeth of which passes the thread of an endless screw, connected with the swing-bed, thus affording a lateral movement to the piece about the axis of the pivot. The rear surface of the spring-box is recessed to admit the flat head of the screw, E ; there is also an oblong aperture to receive a fork-shaped iron, (p,) the legs of which fit over the neck of the screw for the purpose of securing it to the mechanism. Both cylinder and paper cap are pierced with holes to allow the passage of the stream of fire from the fulminate. They are all lined up so people can come climb on them and watch movies, often with live bands. A boss (b) and pivot is cast on the underneath side of the jacket which works in a socket in the swing-bed and allows a lateral movement.
On the sides of the spring-box are two rectangular lands which fit into the grooves in the trunk sides.
For purposes of manipulation a hand-grip, like that on the cartridge-magazine, is screwed into the top plate. The pivot is fitted with a disk and bolt at its lower end to prevent dismounting in moving or working the piece rapidly. The spring-box is also pierced in a horizontal direction for the reception of the four guide-rods (x) which, being secured to the needle-guide, keep the two parts of the mechanism centered to each other. In the rear surface of the chase are four sockets, bored to admit the adjusting bolts of the cartridge-magazine. This new edition contains more than 50 pages of new designs, including historic naval ship plans and drawings by Merritt A. Fifty-five vessel designs are represented, including plans for World War II Liberty and Victory ships, cargo vessels, passenger ships, tankers, container ships, and other designs from the 1950s and 1960s. Please indicate which catalog(s) you wish to receive and enclose a check or money order payable to the Smithsonian Institution for the total amount. Most are the result of field documentation -- the process of taking the lines off historic vessels and half-hull models. Skilled naval architects and boat builders typically can develop tables of offsets from basic lines plans.
In fact, we have heard from a number of boat builders who have built full-sized craft from Smithsonian plans. However, the Smithsonian cannot warrant the seaworthiness or safety of vessels built from its collection of study plans.For questions on design drawings for specific vessels, please use the above contact form.

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