We are so excited about the overwhelming number of entries, photos and comments we received from all of our Freshpet parents. Each of the four United for Fresh contest winners will receive a one year supply of Freshpet. We love this photo of Buster wearing his army outfit with pride as he salutes our troops abroad.
Watson is dressed to the nines, looking dapper in his blue bow tie and American flag cape – so photogenic. We loved Arlene’s creativity as she rallies the troops to salute our country on the Fourth of July. We will contact the winners with additional information on how to claim their prizes this week. During our last Freshpet team meeting, we received a visit from Petco with a very special surprise: they had awarded us with the 2012 Business Development Partner of the Year award!
Not only is exercise beneficial to keeping your pets happy, active, and at their optimal body condition, exercising your pets can also provide the same benefits to you! Just like humans, furkids need to visit the vet once per year; for older pets, the visits should be more frequent (about twice per year).
Many people resolve to give back to the community in various ways, and volunteering with shelter animals can be a very rewarding way to do so. Hosting play dates for your pooch will help socialize her and get her used to new faces and other animals and people.
The New Year is a great time to look at your pets’ eating routine and make healthy adjustments as needed.
Getting your pets accustomed to car rides can have lasting benefits beyond just feeling the wind on their furry faces. During energy restriction for weight loss it is important to ensure all of the essential nutrients requirements are being met each day, and as such, Veterinary Nutritionists (veterinarians who have undergone specialized training in dog and cat nutrition and are certified by the American College of Veterinary Nutrition) recommend feeding a diet that has a minimum protein content of 30% of the calories. More recent evidence in people and cats has also shown that individuals fed higher protein, lower carbohydrate diets will actual consume 5-10% more calories per day and still lose weight.
Before starting any weight loss plan, pet owners should first meet with their veterinarian.
Obesity in dogs is often the result of excess calories, but can also occur with certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism, which needs to be treated medically before starting a weight loss plan. Additionally, obese dogs suffer from a similar ‘metabolic syndrome’ as people do, and it is important to ensure the dog is free from concurrent diseases, such as high cholesterol, high triglycerides, or kidney disease, before changing to a higher protein, higher fat diet.
Veterinary Nutritionists agree the optimal rate of weight loss for both dogs and cats is 1-2% of their body weight per week. Look for Optimal Diets for Weight Loss in Dogs, Part 2 of 2 on the Freshpet blog next week.
Biscuits: Wheat flour, Dried Chicken and Turkey, dried beet pulp, dicalcium phosphate, brewera€™s dried yeast, dried whole egg, chicken digest, sodium chloride, animal fat, fish meal, potassium chloride, calcium carbonate, linseed.
Canned: Chicken, white fish, chicken liver, rice, maize grits, chicken by-products, beef by-products, fish meal, dried whole egg, dried beet pulp, potassium chloride, linseed, calcium carbonate, monosodium phosphate, sodium chloride. These guideline amounts are a starting point and your dog may need more food depending on age, activity and temperament.
Because Eukanuba Diets are complete and balanced, you do not need to add vitamin or mineral supplements. Safe Handling Tips for any Pet Foods and Treats: Please wash your hands before and after handling any pet food or treat.
A Pain in the Pancreas: Pancreatitis can be a serious acute condition, or just a chronic pain.
Photo: Obesity predisposes dogs to pancreatitis, and the disease is often more severe in dogs who are overweight. Your dog has vomited several times, doesna€™t want to eat, and is walking around with his back arched up, or lying in a corner refusing to get up. When signs of abdominal pain accompany vomiting, pancreatitis is high on the list of possible causes.
Pancreatitis literally means inflammation of the pancreas, the glandular organ that secretes enzymes needed to digest food. Pancreatitis occurs in two different forms, acute and chronic, and both may be either mild or severe.
Acute pancreatitis can be extremely painful, and can become life-threatening if the inflammation spreads, affecting multiple organs and systems. For mild cases, all that may be needed is to withhold food and water for 24 to 48 hours (no longer), along with administering IV fluids to prevent dehydration and drugs to stop vomiting and control pain. For moderate to severe cases, hospitalization and intensive treatment and monitoring is required.
Recommended medications to stop vomiting (antiemetics) in dogs with pancreatitis include a metoclopramide infusion and chlorpromazine (once dehydration has been controlled).
Alternatively, dolasetron (Anzemet) and ondansetron (Zofran) a€“ twoA  antiemetics developed to combat vomiting that has been induced by chemotherapy a€“ may be used. Antibiotics to control secondary infections may be used, though this complication is not thought to be common in dogs.
Antacids have not been shown to have any beneficial effect in the treatment of pancreatitis, though they may be given when vomiting is persistent or severe.
Traditionally, the standard recommendation has been to withhold all oral food and water until symptoms subside, in order to allow the pancreas to rest. Today, though, there is growing evidence in both humans and animals that recovery time is reduced and survival rates increased when patients are fed early in the recovery from pancreatitis. Without oral nutrition, the intestines starve, even if nutrition is provided to the rest of the body through IVs. Because most dogs with pancreatitis are unwilling to eat on their own, a liquid diet may be fed via a tube placed through the nose, esophagus, or stomach. Parenteral (IV) nutrition should be used only when absolutely necessary due to persistent, uncontrolled vomiting, and even then, survival rates improve when it is combined with enteral nutrition. Chronic pancreatitis refers to a continuing, smoldering, low-grade inflammation of the pancreas. Chronic pancreatitis is often subclinical and may be more common than is generally realized, with symptoms blamed on other diseases. In addition to digestive enzymes (exocrine function), the pancreas also produces insulin (endocrine function).
Conversely, a dog whose pancreas is damaged due to pancreatitis may develop diabetes, which can be either temporary or permanent; 30 percent of diabetes in dogs may be due to damage from chronic pancreatitis. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI), when the pancreas is no longer able to produce digestive enzymes, can also result from chronic pancreatitis, leading to weight loss despite consuming large amounts of food. Pancreatitis is often blamed on high-fat diets, though there is little scientific evidence to support this. Dietary indiscretion, such as eating rancid fatty scraps from the garbage, can also lead to pancreatitis, particularly when a dog accustomed to a low- or normal-fat diet ingests high-fat foods. Low-protein diets have also been shown to predispose dogs to pancreatitis, especially when combined with high fat intake.
Several medications have been associated with pancreatitis, most recently the combination of potassium bromide and phenobarbital used to control epilepsy. Many other medications have been linked to pancreatitis, though the relationship is not always clear.
Corticosteroids such as prednisone are especially controversial: while veterinarians have long considered them to be the most common drug to cause pancreatitis, recent human studies have discounted this link.
Toxins, particularly organophosphates (insecticides used in some flea control products), as well as scorpion stings and toxic levels of zinc, may also lead to pancreatitis. Both diabetes and hypothyroidism can affect fat metabolism and lead to hyperlipidemia, which may predispose a dog to pancreatitis.
Other breeds mentioned as having an increased risk for pancreatitis include the Briard, Shetland Sheepdog, Miniature Poodle, German Shepherd Dog, terriers (especially Yorkies and Silkies), and other non-sporting breeds.
People sometimes develop autoimmune chronic pancreatitis, and it is theorized that dogs may as well.
Pancreatitis has been associated with immune-mediated diseases, which may include IBD, though the cause-and-effect relationship is not understood. Dogs with immune-mediated pancreatitis may respond well to corticosteroids such as prednisone, which suppress the immune system, even though this drug has also been thought to cause acute pancreatitis. Trauma to the pancreas, such as the result of a dog being hit by a car, can lead to inflammation and pancreatitis. Blood lipid (cholesterol or triglyceride) levels may be elevated, causing the blood to be lipemic. With chronic pancreatitis, blood tests are often completely normal, and may be so with acute pancreatitis as well, particularly if it is not severe enough to cause complications. IDEXX claims that the Spec cPL test has a sensitivity greater than 95 percent, meaning almost every dog with pancreatitis will test positive (fewer than 5 percent false negatives), and a specificity also greater than 95 percent, meaning fewer than 5 percent of dogs who dona€™t have pancreatitis will have a false positive result. The Spec cPL test results are not affected by factors such as gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), chronic kidney disease, or corticosteroids. The Spec cPL test can be repeated every two or three days to help judge response to therapy, and after returning home to confirm recovery. The Spec cPL test is recommended for any dog whose symptoms include vomiting, anorexia or abdominal pain. In 2007, IDEXX introduced the SNAP cPL, a version of the Spec cPL test that can be done in-house by your veterinarian and return results in 10 minutes. Update: Antech introduced a different test in 2015 called PrecisionPSL Pancreatitc Sensitive Lipase Test. Radiographs detect only 24 to 33 percent of cases of acute pancreatitis, but are also used to identify other causes of vomiting and anorexia, such as intestinal obstruction. TLI (trypsin-like immunoreactivity) is a blood test that has only 33 percent sensitivity and 65 percent specificity for pancreatitis, but it is very accurate for diagnosing EPI (exocrine pancreatic insufficiency). Whether in the hospital or at home, once vomiting is under control, water is slowly introduced, with a few laps or ice cubes every hour or so. Dogs recovering from acute pancreatitis are frequently maintained on an easily digestible, fat-restricted prescription diet, particularly if they are overweight or have hyperlipidemia.
But what if your dog wona€™t eat the prescription food, or reacts poorly to the food, or you just cana€™t bring yourself to feed a commercial food after feeding a homemade diet for so long? The goal in the beginning is to feed a diet with low fat, moderate protein, and high carbohydrates, as carbs cause the least amount of pancreatic stimulation. Even if you normally feed a raw diet, the meat should be cooked for now, to remove fat and to destroy bacteria that can be problematic if the intestines have been damaged. If possible, choose foods your dog has had before a€“ ones you know agree with him and that he likes. At first, feed a higher percentage of carbohydrates, and a lower percentage of protein, such as two-thirds carbs and one-third protein. Whatever you feed, start with small amounts fed frequently, six to eight meals a day or more. It is not necessary for your doga€™s diet be complete and balanced in the short term; an adult dog will do fine on an incomplete diet for a few days to a few weeks.
Broth can be used to make rice and to add to foods to improve flavor and encourage your dog to drink more.


You can also use the water that you boil chicken or other foods in for flavor and nutritional value, since boiling removes some nutrients that are then left in the water. L-glutamine is an amino acid that can help the intestinal mucosa to recover from the effects of going without food. The herbs slippery elm and marshmallow can help to soothe a throat and stomach that have been irritated by vomiting. Once a dog has had an attack of acute pancreatitis, he may be less able to tolerate fat in the future, depending on how much the pancreas was damaged. Dogs who experience a single, acute, uncomplicated episode are more likely to be able to return to a normal diet, while dogs with repeated episodes of acute pancreatitis, hyperlipidemia, or steatorrhea (large, greasy, foul-smelling stools caused by fat malabsorption) should be kept on a fat-restricted diet. Continue to feed a low-fat diet with moderate protein for at least 7 to 10 days or longer, depending on the speed of your doga€™s recovery and the severity of the episode.
If your dog is doing well and showing no sign of discomfort after eating, you can then begin to gradually increase the amount of fat in the diet. Remember that lower-fat diets provide fewer calories, so the total amount you feed will need to be increased when you reduce the amount of fat in the diet. Keep a close eye on your dog, particularly after meals, watching for signs of discomfort such as a hunched appearance, whining, panting, restlessness, or not wanting to move around. Also watch for signs of digestive upset, such as burping or flatulence (gas), borborygmus (stomach gurgling), lip licking, or heavy swallowing. These symptoms can also be signs of EPI, especially if accompanied by increased appetite, weight loss, and large a€?cow-pattya€? stools. With pancreatin supplements, strengths such as 4x or 10x indicate that the product is concentrated and the dosage is equivalent to 4 or 10 times as much as is shown on the label. Many weight loss diets are extremely high in carbohydrates, with low fat and low protein a€“ in fact, some have even less fat than the prescription diets that are recommended for dogs recovering from pancreatitis. Underlying metabolic disease such as hypothyroidism, hyperadrenocorticism (Cushinga€™s disease) and diabetes mellitus may be associated with increased risk of pancreatitis and should be managed appropriately. If your dog is prone to hyperlipidemia (increased blood levels of cholesterol or triglycerides, even when fasted for 12 hours before the test), there are several things you can do to try to lower these levels and reduce the likelihood of pancreatitis. Whether or not too much fat was the initial cause of your doga€™s pancreatitis, high-fat foods may trigger a recurrence, particularly if the pancreas was damaged.
Avoid medications that may be linked to pancreatitis, particularly any that may have contributed to the initial attack. Periodic monitoring with the Spec cPL test may be helpful in preventing recurrent pancreatitis, especially after a change in diet.
Certain supplements can help reduce the risk of acute pancreatitis or control the effects of chronic pancreatitis.
Digestive enzyme supplements that contain pancreatin may be helpful for dogs who have had acute pancreatitis or suffer from chronic pancreatitis. These supplements are sold over-the-counter for humans or dogs; the prescription-strength enzymes needed by dogs with EPI can also be tried to see if they seem to reduce pain from chronic pancreatitis. You can also try feeding small amounts of raw pancreas, giving pancreatic glandular supplements, such as Pancreatrophin from Standard Process, or giving plant-derived digestive enzymes, which may be helpful if your dog has trouble digesting carbohydrates. Fish body oil, such as salmon oil or EPA oil (not cod liver oil), can help to lower blood lipid levels (both triglycerides and cholesterol) in dogs with hyperlipidemia. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in the intestines and help to keep bad bacteria in check. Prebiotics are indigestible carbohydrates that feed the beneficial bacteria in the intestines and are often included in probiotic supplements. Human studies suggest that antioxidants, which are found mostly in fruits and vegetables, may help protect against pancreatitis, and reduce the pain of chronic pancreatitis. Dosage should be adjusted based on the size of your dog a€“ for example, if an adult human weighs 120 lbs, then a 60-lb dog would take half the human dose, a 30-lb dog would take A? the human dose, etc. Rather than trying to give antioxidant supplements individually, there are a number of combination products made for dogs, such as Small Animal Antioxidants and Immugen from Thorne Veterinary, and Cell Advance made by Vetri-Science, also called Cell Revive and Cell Discovery.
In their book, All You Ever Wanted to Know About Herbs for Pets, Greg Tilford and Mary-Wulff Tilford suggest herbs to support the liver and digestive system.
In the next article, we will discuss commercial and homemade diets for dogs with chronic pancreatitis, EPI, and other conditions that may require a low-fat diet to be fed long-term. Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are a form of fat that does not require pancreatic enzymes for digestion, so it is well tolerated by dogs with chronic pancreatitis, EPI, and other forms of fat malabsorption. Coconut oil is 63 percent medium-chain fatty acids (8 percent caprylic, 7 percent capric, and 48 percent lauric), and 36 percent longer-chain fatty acids (16 percent myristic, 9 percent palmitic, 2 percent stearic, 7 percent oleic, 2 percent linoleic), while MCT oil is made up solely of the shortest of the medium-chain fatty acids, caprylic and capric acids. The role of nutrition in the pathogenesis and the management of exocrine pancreatic disorders Canine Pancreatitis, Kenneth W. You can contact me if you have any comments, but I regret to say that I can no longer respond to questions about individual dogs. These descriptions belong to the dogs in the header and other tooltips, but are displayed here because you have javascript turned off. Pashoshe Fisher, a Chihuahua, was a wonderful, joyful companion to his owner for 19 & a half years. At the beginning of our United for Fresh contest we promised to donate a package of fresh food or treats to shelters and rescues in need.
You, the Freshpet community, voted on your favorite Facebook and website entries while the Freshpet team picked their two favorites as well. We were blown away by all of the support that the pug community showed Michael and Buster, and we know he is too – way to go guys! Petco gives out this honor each year to recognize fellow leaders in pet care for going above and beyond the usual needs of consumers. Take a walk each day with your pooch, or spend some time playing with your kitty around the house. Weeth, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Nutrition. More recent veterinary research has challenged the more traditional low fat, high fiber approach to weight loss for dogs and cats. This is known as the thermic effect of food, or the difference in the amount of energy required to burn different types of food. Research has shown that higher moisture foods (like all Freshpet recipes) may also help the animal feel full while actually consuming fewer calories. For animals that are slightly overweight (less than 15% over their ideal body weight), restricting the amount of their current complete and balanced diet in addition to regular, moderate exercise will promote gradual weight loss, but for dogs that need to lose more than 15% of their body weight, what you feed is as important as how much you feed.
The dog should have a basic health screening, including a physical examination, screening blood work, and urinalysis.
These can be signs of pancreatitis, and while ita€™s fine to wait to see if a dog improves on his own after a single vomiting episode with no other signs of illness, repeated vomiting can quickly lead to dangerous dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, especially if your dog isna€™t drinking or cana€™t keep water down. When something causes these enzymes to be activated prematurely, they can actually begin to digest the pancreas itself, resulting in pain and inflammation. Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and is more often severe, while chronic pancreatitis refers to an ongoing inflammation that is usually less severe and may even be subclinical (no recognizable symptoms). Symptoms commonly include anorexia (loss of appetite), vomiting, weakness, depression, and abdominal pain.
Supportive treatment includes intravenous fluids to keep the dog hydrated and restore electrolyte and acid-base balance. Cerenia (maropitant) is a new antiemetic drug approved for dogs that some vets are starting to use, though it has a limited track record. A plasma transfusion is sometimes given in moderate to severe cases in the hopes that it will inhibit active pancreatic enzymes and systemic inflammatory response; it also provides clotting factors that can help prevent and treat disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), an often lethal potential side effect of pancreatitis. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are not effective and should be avoided due to concerns for gastric ulceration and kidney and liver damage.
If symptoms persisted for more than 72-96 hours, nutrition was given parenterally (intravenously, avoiding the stomach and intestines). It is now accepted that prolonged withholding of oral food and water for more than 48 hours (including the time before the dog was brought in for treatment) can lead to increased intestinal permeability (a€?leaky guta€?), atrophy of the digestive cells in the small intestine, and sepsis (blood poisoning).
This is because the intestines receive their nutrition only from what passes through them. It is possible that the addition of omega-3 fatty acids, pancreatic enzymes, medium-chain triglycerides, and the amino acid l-glutamine to the liquid nutrition may also help with recovery, though this must be done with caution. A tube can be placed directly into the jejunum (part of the small intestine) via endoscopy if needed to provide enteral nutrition when vomiting cannot be controlled. Symptoms such as vomiting and discomfort after eating may occur intermittently, sometimes accompanied by depression, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Pain medication can be helpful in relieving the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis and may speed recovery. It may also occur concurrently with conditions such as IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) and diabetes mellitus. Active, working dogs, such as sled dogs, can eat as much as 60 percent fat in their diets without developing pancreatitis, but too much fat may cause trouble for middle-aged, overweight, relatively inactive dogs, who are the ones most commonly affected by pancreatitis.
Thata€™s why pancreatitis incidents are thought to increase after Thanksgiving, when people may feed their dogs a meal of turkey skin and drippings. This combination has a much higher risk of causing pancreatitis than phenobarbital alone (no studies have been done on the use of potassium bromide by itself). Miniature Schnauzers are prone to developing hyperlipidemia and thus may have an increased risk of pancreatitis. That said, most dogs with pancreatitis are middle-aged or older, overweight, and relatively inactive.
German Shepherd Dogs have been shown to develop immune-mediated lymphocytic pancreatitis, which predisposes them to pancreatic atrophy.
Budesonide, a steroid that is absorbed primarily by the intestines, may be a safer choice when needed to treat IBD. Surgery has also been linked to pancreatitis, probably due to low blood pressure or low blood volume caused by anesthesia.
The liver enzymes ALT (alanine aminotransferase) and ALKP (alkaline phosphatase) may be elevated if the liver is involved, and bilirubin may be high if the bile duct is obstructed (cholestatis). It can also be used to monitor response to changes in diet and other treatment for dogs with chronic pancreatitis. It can also be used to monitor dogs with chronic pancreatitis, or those with conditions or whose medications predispose them to pancreatitis.
The result is a color spot that is either lighter than the reference spot (normal range), the same as the reference spot (intermediate range, comparable to 201-399), or darker than the reference spot (consistent with pancreatitis). This test is included with standard blood chemistry at no extra charge, replacing the non-specific lipase test (which included all forms of lipase and thus was not specific for pancreatic disease). Dogs with chronic gastrointestinal problems should have TLI, cobalamin, folate and Spec cPL testing done to look for EPI, SIBO (small intestine bacterial overgrowth, also called ARD, or antibiotic-responsive diarrhea), and chronic pancreatitis. If the dog keeps this down, liquids are tried next, followed by soupy, low-fat, high-carbohydrate foods.
While I am not a fan of these products due to their low-quality ingredients, I think that sometimes it is easier to follow your veta€™s advice, as long as your dog is willing to eat this food and does not react adversely to it. White rice is the preferred carbohydrate choice, as it is easiest to digest, but you could use potatoes or sweet potatoes instead if you need to avoid rice due to allergies or intolerance (remove the skins to reduce fiber in the beginning). If your dog is doing fine, the ratio can then be slowly changed to half and half after the first few days.


You will probably need to stop feeding again briefly (12 to 24 hours), then start over by introducing water and progressing to bland foods again.
Start with a very simple diet, and then add more ingredients as your dog recovers and you see he is doing well. Many store-bought broths are high in sodium, however; even some a€?reduced sodiuma€? varieties have hundreds of mg per serving.
Pour the broth into a fat separator, which looks like a pitcher with the spout coming from the bottom.
A typical dose is 500 mg per 25 lbs of body weight daily, but 10 times that much can be used to supply nutrition when necessary. Gradually increase the size of each meal and the time between meals until your dog is eating two or three meals a day. If you see any of these signs, return to a lower-fat diet and smaller, more frequent meals, and wait longer before trying again to increase the amount of fat even more slowly, using different foods.
EPI is treated with prescription-strength digestive enzymes such as Viokase, Pancrezyme, or generic equivalents. Each mg of pancreatin contains 25 USP units of protease and amylase, and 2 USP units of lipase. A low-fat diet is not required for dogs to lose weight, and higher protein helps dogs lose fat, while low protein can lead to muscle loss.A  Ita€™s better to feed a diet that has higher protein and moderate amounts of fat and carbohydrates to help your dog lose weight. Feeding a low-fat diet, giving fish oil supplements, and treating hypothyroidism, which is often the underlying cause, are all helpful in reducing lipid levels in the blood. Be sure that your dog does not have access to your trash bin (use locking lids or an alarm if needed), and dona€™t feed high-fat foods or treats such as pig ears. If possible, find alternative therapies for dogs taking drugs known to cause pancreatitis, such as using Keppra (levetiracetam) in place of or combination with potassium bromide or phenobarbital for seizures.
Studies have also found it to be beneficial in treating acute pancreatitis, while its effects on chronic pancreatitis are unknown. While probiotics are not recommended for dogs with acute pancreatitis, their effect on chronic pancreatitis is unknown.
Certain prebiotics called oligosaccharides have been shown to decrease triglyceride and cholesterol blood levels, which can be helpful for dogs prone to hyperlipidemia.
Low levels of vitamins A, C, and E, selenium, and carotenoids in the blood may lead to chronic pancreatitis due to the destructive effects of increased free radicals. Higher dosages of the vitamins would be safe, but you should not exceed the recommended dosage of the others. Note that alpha lipoic acid lowers blood sugar and so it should be used with caution for dogs with diabetes.
You will learn what defines a low-fat diet, and how to calculate the amount of fat in any food or combination of foods, whether kibble, canned, dehydrated, frozen, or fresh. MCTs can be used to increase calories, and to help with the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins for dogs who cannot tolerate other forms of fat in their diets.
Purina Veterinary Diets EN Canine Formula, one of the prescription diets recommended for dogs recovering from pancreatitis, uses coconut oil to supply 22 to 34 percent of its fat.
You can give as much as 1 teaspoon per 10 lbs of body weight daily, but start with much less and increase only gradually as you see your dog can tolerate it. With so many creative red, white and blue entries, you’ve inspired us to give a bit more.
When we created Freshpet just a handful of years ago, we recognized that people had started choosing fresh, natural foods for their families, and decided to make something just as wholesome and fresh for pet parents to feed their fur-kids. In fact, Petco was the first retailer to begin selling Freshpet nation-wide, making fresh food more readily available to more dogs and kitties across the country. Resolutions are a great way to start the year off, whether they are a list of things to accomplish, or just fun ideas to make 2013 your best year yet. Walking the dogs, playing with the cats, and donating money or much needed items like blankets and bowls are all great ways to help a shelter.
Visit the dog park, take a walk together, or invite your friends and their pets over for a great day indoors or outside.
While absolute calorie reduction is essential, studies have shown that dogs and cats fed higher protein diets during weight loss maintain lean body mass (muscle mass) more than when fed higher fiber, more moderate protein diets. Put another way, it takes more energy (calories) to burn 100 calories worth of protein than it does to burn 100 calories worth of starch (simple carbohydrate). This will help determine how much weight the dog needs to lose and screen for any medical conditions that may be unnoticed. Metoclopramide (Reglan), a commonly used antiemetic, may be contraindicated in pancreatitis due to concern that it may decrease blood flow to the pancreas (antidopaminergic effect), though this has not been substantiated.
There are no studies yet to support the use of corticosteroids for treating pancreatitis in dogs. It was thought that even the sight or smell of food could trigger pancreatic secretions that would make the problem worse.
Enteral feeding, in which nutrition is provided through the digestive system, is thought to decrease the potential for bacterial infection caused by intestinal permeation, and may reduce the time the dog needs to be hospitalized. There is evidence that pancreatic secretions are suppressed during an attack of pancreatitis, so food delivered in this manner stimulates the pancreas less than we used to believe, and helps to maintain the health of the gastrointestinal tract and decrease inflammation and side effects such as those listed above.
In some cases, signs may be as subtle and nonspecific as a dog not wanting to play normally, being a picky eater, or skipping a meal from time to time. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Collies, and Boxers have been shown to have an increased relative risk of chronic pancreatitis and Cocker Spaniels an increased relative risk of acute and chronic pancreatitis combined.
Gallstones (choleliths) can block the bile duct, and thus the flow of digestive enzymes from the pancreas, and can lead to pancreatitis in people; it is likely that the same would be true for both species (pancreatitis can also block the flow of bile from the gall bladder).
In the future, this test may be done as part of standard blood work on normal, seemingly healthy dogs, to identify chronic pancreatitis that may be subclinical (not causing recognizable symptoms). Ultrasound may also be used to look for signs of peritonitis, pancreatic abscess or cyst, and biliary obstruction. Dogs with EPI usually have lower-than-normal Spec cPL results, but TLI is considered more accurate for diagnosing EPI. Frequent small amounts are less likely to cause problems than larger quantities, particularly in the beginning. Small meals are also easier to digest than larger meals, and less likely to cause discomfort. With a pressure cooker, cook on high for 2 hours; with a stockpot, simmer on low heat for 16-24 hours.
Glutamine is unstable at room temperature for extended periods, so any uneaten portion should be removed after 15 minutes.
You can also make your own by steeping 1 teaspoon of either or both dried herbs in 8 ounces of very hot water.
If possible, determine how many calories your dog was getting before and try to match that with the new diet (or moderately decrease the calories, if your dog is overweight).
If the signs of discomfort return, you may need to keep your dog on a lower-fat diet indefinitely. Raw pancreas can also be used, or human pancreatin supplements, which consist of freeze-dried pork pancreas. Dogs with EPI may also require cobalamin (vitamin B12) injections, and often a low-fat diet as well. In addition, dogs prone to hyperlipidemia may benefit from the use of human statin medications, such as Lipitor, to control lipid levels. Make sure that your dog does not get fatty treats from other family members, friends, or neighbors. If your dog does not respond well to one brand, you can try adjusting the dosage or using a different brand, but dona€™t continue to give them if they cause any problems.
Dosage needed to treat hyperlipidemia may be as high as 1,000 mg of fish oil (supplying 300 mg combined EPA and DHA) per 10 lbs of body weight. Dogs with damage to the pancreas may also suffer from vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency a€“ in this case, monthly injections may be needed if the dog is unable to absorb B12 when given orally. A German study found that vitamin E and selenium, which work together synergistically, were protective against recurrent attacks of pancreatitis in people.
The following article will present actual low-fat diets that people are feeding to their dogs. MCT oil is also available, but MCT oil is not very palatable, so you may find coconut oil easier to use. As our company grows, we’re proud to be recognized by Petco, a pet store that shares in our goal to better the lives of pets and pet parents. Our partnership continues to grow as we both work towards a common mission and continue to push the pet care industry forward.
Play also keeps your pets’ mind sharp; even just five minutes per day spent tossing a ball or dangling a mouse can mentally stimulate them!
Or try our fresh treats in place of shelf-stable treats, often containing many ingredients that are less than ideal for our pups and kitties.
You should divide the total recommended feeding amount by the number of times you feed your dog per day to get the actual portion size per feeding.
Other non-specific findings may include thrombocytopenia (low platelets), elevated white blood count (especially neutrophils), anemia (mild, nonregenerative due to inflammation), low chloride, low phosphorus, azotemia (elevated creatinine and BUN), low albumin, low calcium, and either high or low glucose levels.
Dogs who have been hospitalized can return home once they are able to keep food down without vomiting.
If your dog is able to keep the food down without vomiting or showing signs of pain, you can begin to feed larger amounts at longer intervals, but proceed slowly, especially in the beginning; you dona€™t want to make changes too quickly and end up with a setback.
Weigh your dog frequently and then adjust the amount you are feeding up or down as needed to maintain proper weight. Though no studies have yet been done, anecdotal reports from vets who have tried this on an experimental basis have been positive. Dona€™t try to tempt your dog with high-fat foods and additives if he doesna€™t want to eat; this may be good advice even for dogs who have not had pancreatitis, unless youa€™re certain that the inappetence is not caused by pancreatitis nor a condition that would predispose a dog to it. Dogs with normal lipid levels should do fine on that amount per 20 to 30 lbs of body weight daily, preferably split into two doses. Chronic pancreatitis may interfere with absorption of the B vitamins, so giving a B-complex supplement makes sense. Thanks to you and your furries, dogs and cats in need will also enjoy fresh, real food with ingredients farmed right here at home!
We are very excited for what the future will bring to Freshpet and to our friends at Petco… but mostly to all pups and kitties across the country!
This can be a fun way for you to introduce your children to volunteering while enjoying another furball at home.
Give anywhere from 1 teaspoon to 4 tablespoons, depending on the size of the dog, every four hours.
Our fresh foods and treats are made with wholesome ingredients, gently cooked to maintain more nutrients and keep your pups and kitties happy and healthy.



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Comments

  1. Lotu_Hikmet

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    31.08.2015

  2. INKOGNITO

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    31.08.2015

  3. POLICE

    Most important 1 for all females to comply must have spicy and oily low fat diets for dogs more appealing physique, but.

    31.08.2015

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