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2) Muhammad Rashid Rida (1865-1935) - From what is now Lebanon, wanted to rejuvenate the Ottoman caliphate. He made no statements opposing Islamic supremacism, but he is called a Reformera„? for denying the way things are like so many today. 3) Muhammad a€?Inayat Allah Khan (1888- 1963) - Born in Punjab, founded the Khaksar Movement, a Muslim separatist group. The astonishing similaritiesa€”or shall we say the unintentional similarity between two great mindsa€”between Hitlera€™s great book and the teachings of my Tazkirah and Isharat embolden me, because the fifteen years of a€?strugglea€? of the author of a€?My Strugglea€? [Mein Kampf] have now actually led his nation back to success. Mashriqi emphasized repeatedly in his pamphlets and published articles that the verity of Islam could be gauged by the rate of the earliest Muslim conquests in the glorious first decades after Muhammada€™s death - Mashriqia€™s estimate is a€?36,000 castles in 9 years, or 12 per daya€?. 4) Hajj Amin al-Husseini (~1896 - 1974) - Studied Islamic law briefly at Al-Azhar University in Cairo and at the Dar al-Da'wa wa-l-Irshad under Rashid Rida, who remained his mentor till Ridaa€™s death in 1935.2 3 Perhaps more a politician than a sharia scholar, he is on this page because of his authority and longtime influence as Grand Mufti of Jerusalem beginning in 1921. 5) Sheikh Muhammad Mahawif - was Grand Mufti of Egypt, in 1948 issued a fatwa declaring jihad in Palestine obligatory for all Muslims.
6) Sheikh Hasan Maa€™moun - Grand Mufti of Egypt in 1956 issued a fatwa, signed by the leading members of the Fatwa Committee of Al Azhar, and the major representatives of all four Sunni schools of jurisprudence. There are hundreds of other [Koranic] psalms and hadith urging Muslims to value war and to fight.
10) Sheik Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi (1928 - 2010) - Grand Sheik Al-Azhar University, Cairo 1996 - 2010. BBC said Tantawi a€?is acknowledged as the highest spiritual authority for nearly a billion Sunni Muslimsa€?. He devotes a chapter to the various ways Allah punished the Jews, among them changing their form.
1996 - 30 years later was appointed Grand Imam at Al-Azhar U., then met in Cairo with the Chief Rabbi of Israel. President of many influential orgs, founder and president of the International Association of Muslim Scholars which issues many fatwas.
During the Arab Springa„? in February 2011, after Mubarak's fall his return to Egypt for the 1st time since he was banned 30 years before drew the largest crowd since the uprising began - over 2 million. He said he worked with and was influenced by Hasan al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, where he is a longtime spiritual advisor, and in 1976 and 2004 turned down offers to be the Brotherhooda€™s highest-ranking General Leader. Report on Goma€™a: a€?A fatwa issued by Egypta€™s top religious authority, which forbids the display of statues has art-lovers fearing it could be used by Islamic extremists as an excuse to destroy Egypta€™s historical heritage.
15) Sheikh Gamal Qutb - The one-time Grand Sheik of Al-Azhar on K- 4:24, and sex with slave girls. 19) Sheikh 'Ali Abu Al-Hassan - Al-Azhar University Fatwa Committee Chairman on suicide bombing in 2003. 21) Sheikh Hassan Khalid (1921 - 1989) - Sunni jurist, elected Grand Mufti of Lebanon in 1966 where he presided over Islamic courts for 23 years. Tibi said, "First, both sides should acknowledge candidly that although they might use identical terms these mean different things to each of them.
Muslims frequently claim that a€?Islam means peace.a€? The word Islam comes from the same three-letter Arabic root as the word a€?salaam,a€? peace. 23) Majid Khaduri (1909-2007) - Iraqi jurist, Ph.D International law University of Chicago in 1938, member of the Iraqi delegation to the founding of the United Nations in 1945. 25) Hatem al-Haj - Egyptian, leading American Muslim jurist, MD, PhD, fellow at the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the author of this revealing 2008 Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America paper, which says the duty of Muslims is not to respect the laws of the country where they live, but rather do everything in their power to make the laws of Allah supreme. Warraq says the main arguments of his book are few, since more than fifty percent of it is taken up by quotations from the Koran, from scholars like Ibn Taymiyya, from the Hadith, from Koranic commentators like Ibn Kathir, and from the four main Sunni schools of Law. Defensive Jihad: This is expelling the Kuffar from our land, and compulsory for all individuals. 28) Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei (1939 - ) - Shiite jurist, Supreme Leader of Iran, he was #2 in a 2009 book co authored by Esposito featuring the world's 500 most influential Muslims.
30) Sheikh Ahmed Kuftaro (1912-2004) - Grand Mufti of Syria, after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, yes to suicide attacks against Americans there. Grand Ayatollah Sistani (1930 -) - Shiite jurist and marja, the a€?highest authority for 17-20 million Iraqi Shia€™a, also as a moral and religious authority to Usuli Twelver Shia€™a worldwidea€?. 32) Saudi Sheikh Abdul Aziz al-Sheikh (1940- ) - Saudi Grand Mufti, the leading religious figure of Saudi-based Salafi Muslims.
33) Saudi Sheikh Saleh Al-Lehadan, Chief Justice of the Saudi Supreme Judiciary Council, and a member of Council of Senior Clerics, the highest religious body in the country, appointed by the King. 34) Saudi Sheikh Wajdi Hamza Al-Ghazawi - preacher started a popular new website "Al Minbar.
35) Saudi Sheik Muhammad al-Munajjid (1962 - ) - well-known Islamic scholar, lecturer, author, Wahhabi cleric. 36) Saudi Sheikh Abd al-Rahman al-Sudayyis - imam of Islam's most holy mosque, Al-Haram in Mecca, holds one of the most prestigious posts in Sunni Islam.
The Saudis boasted of having spent $74 billion a€?educatinga€? the West that Islam is a Peaceful Tolerant Religiona„?. 43) Mazen al-Sarsawi - popular Egyptian TV cleric comments in 2011 on what Muhammad said about IS&J.
46) Sheik Taj Din Al-Hilali - Sunni, Imam of the Lakemba Mosque, former Grand Mufti of Australia & New Zealand, Ia€™m not sure of his education but he is on this page because he was the highest religious authority there for almost 20 years.
47) Imam Anwar al-Awlaki - American imam, became a leading figure in Al Qaedaa€™s affiliate in Yemen.
Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi (1971- ) - First Caliph of the new Islamic State (ISIS, ISIL) created in 2014. If youa€™ve been through this site then you dona€™t need Raymond Ibrahima€™s explanation why the a€?religious defamationa€? laws being called for internationally in 2012 would ban Islam itself and its core texts (One & Two) if they were applied with the same standard to all religions.
If Islamic doctrines are inherently violent, why isna€™t every single Muslim in the world violent? 10) Sheik Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi (1928 - 2010) - Grand Sheik Al-Azhar University, Cairo 1996 - 2010.A  Grand Mufti of Egypt 1986 - 1996. HERALD MISSION Herald Scholarly Open Access is a leading, internationally publishing house in the fields of Sciences.
Introduction: This study aims to characterize the population of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department (ED) for a first complex febrile seizure, and subsequently assess the rate of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) occurrence in this population.
Methods: This retrospective cohort study reviewed the charts of patients between the ages of 6 months to 5 years of age admitted to an ED between 2005 and 2010 for a first complex febrile seizure (CFS). A practice parameter developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) for the treatment of children presenting with a simple febrile seizure (SFS) provides a guideline for treatment.
Our study primarily aimed to characterize the pediatric population presenting with a first complex febrile seizure and determine the likelihood of ABM in these patients. This study was a retrospective cohort review of patients admitted to an urban pediatric emergency department (ED), which sees approximately 71,000 patients annually. This study retrospectively reviewed electronically available physician notes for patients who met study criteria.
Charts by the attending physician, nurses, and emergency transport staff, as applicable, were reviewed for each patient by both authors. We performed data analysis using MYSTAT 12 (Chicago, Illinois), and calculated percentages and confidence intervals (CIs) using the Descriptive Statistics function. The subject list generated by the health information department listed 506 eligible patients; of those, 370 were between the ages of 6 months and 5 years of age.
The most common discharge diagnoses for patients seen for a first complex febrile seizure were febrile illness (n=33), viral syndrome (n=26), and otitis media (n=24). One 3-year-old male patient presented to our facility after being previously seen in a different ED for a simple febrile seizure. Of the 7 patients with CSF pleocytosis and serious neurological disease all were admitted to the hospital for treatment and observation; 1 was transferred to another facility for insurance purposes.


Of the 193 patients included in this study, 43 were identified to present with only 1 seizures, without any report of focality or prolonged seizure duration.
Lumbar puncture was performed on 17 of these patients, not including the patient who received LP during her initial ED visit. Our analysis of the commonalities among patients who did receive lumbar puncture in our ED showed that these patients often presented with focality, status epilepticus, or a need for intubation. Another consideration is that Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccines are usually administered in young children before the age of 6 months to prevent bacterial meningitis.4 Status of this vaccine was not reported in patient charts, so we were unable to control for patients who had previously been vaccinated. Rohit Vashisht, Anupam Kumar Mondal, Akanksha Jain, Anup Shah, Priti Vishnoi, Priyanka Priyadarshini, Kausik Bhattacharyya, Harsha Rohira, Ashwini G.
We shook hands and Hitler said, pointing to a book that was lying on the table: a€?I had a chance to read your al-Tazkirah.a€? Little did I understand at that time, what should have been clear to me when he said these words!
But only after leading his nation to the intended goal, has he disclosed his movementa€™s rules and obligations to the world; only after fifteen years has he made the means of success widely known. In 1922 he became President of the Supreme Muslim Council where he had the power to appoint personally loyal preachers in all of Palestinea€™s mosques, making him indisputably the most powerful Muslim leader in the country.2 Exiled, eventually to Germany from 1937 - 1945 where he was Hitlera€™s close associate. He founded the political party Hizb ut-Tahrir in 1952 as an alternative to the MB, and remained its leader until he died in 1977.
90-91), Irana€™s Ayatollah Khomeini himself married a ten-year-old girl when he was twenty-eight.
English translation in Barry Rubin and Judith Colp Rubin, Anti-American Terrorism and the Middle East (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), pp.
The 2 largest standing Buddha carvings in the world from the 6th century were blown up by the Taliban in 2001. Ahmad AlA­Tayyeb - Grand Sheik of Al-Azhar University, was President of Al Azhar for 7 years, was Grand Mufti of Egypt. Career spanned more than 65 years, joined SAIS faculty in 1949, then created the first graduate program in the U.S on the modern Middle East. Islamic Education, Darul Uloom, Karachi, now hadith and Islamic economics instructor, sat for 20 years on Pakistani Supreme Court, he is one of the most respected Deobandi scholars in the world who authored over 60 books, an expert in Islamic finance who was quietly terminated or resigned in 2008 from the Sharia Supervisory Board of the Iman Fund, formerly the Dow Jones Islamic Index Fund (sharia finance). Al-Azhar University in The Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, Shariah degree Damascus University, influenced by Sayyid Qutb and knew his family while in Egypt, lectured for years at Saudi Arabiaa€™s King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah until 1979. Although acquitted by an Egyptian court for complicity in the 1981 slaying of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, he has bragged about issuing the fatwa that approved the killing. He meets frequently with Crown Prince Abdullah and other senior members of the ruling family. But if the standard is how violent a reaction it provokes from the offended people, then only a€?defaminga€™ Islam will be banned. Including all his references, they amount to a mountain of evidence that shows the consensus on IS&J in all 5 schools since the 7th century, especially in the absence of any book full of contrary opinions from authorities with the stature of the examples you have seen. If they had, it would be easy to demonstrate with the kind of evidence you see here, from whatever era that was. He founded the political party Hizb ut-Tahrir in 1952 as an alternative to the MB, and remained its leader until he died in 1977.A  Its stated goal is jihad a€?in clearly defined stagesa€? against existing political regimes, and their replacement with a caliphate. Furthermore, this study seeks to identify whether a specific subset of patients may be at lesser risk for ABM or other serious neurological disease.
The health information department generated a patient list based on admission and discharge diagnoses, which was screened for patient eligibility.
Lumbar puncture was performed on 136 subjects; it was significantly more likely to be performed on patients that presented with seizure focality, status epilepticus, or a need for intubation.
Patients presenting only with 2 short febrile seizures within 24 hours may be less likely to have ABM, and may not require lumbar puncture without other clinical symptoms of neurological disease. They occur in up to 5% of children, typically between the ages of 6 months and 5 years.1–2 Febrile seizures are classified as simple or complex. Furthermore, recent literature has suggested that lumbar puncture may not be beneficial for patients presenting with two brief febrile seizures within a 24-hour period.6 Our goal was to determine whether this specific subpopulation of patients is at a lesser risk of ABM or serious neurological disease. This study was approved by the University of California, San Diego Institutional Review Board and the Rady Children’s Hospital Research Administration office. However, as our research objective remains simply to characterize this patient population and compare to existing literature on this topic, we assert no investigator bias. After characterization of the general population, we then analyzed separately patients presenting with 2 short febrile seizures within 24 hours to assess health outcomes in this population. After screening for history of neurological abnormalities, afebrile seizure, complex febrile seizure, trauma, 193 eligible patients remained. It can be difficult to determine whether the need for airway protection was a result of the natural course of the seizure, or an effect of the administration of anticonvulsants. Fifteen subjects had CSF pleocytosis; 8 required the CSF WBC correction formula for blood-contaminated CSF samples.
One returned to the ED after hospital discharge for follow-up during recovery from viral meningitis; he was found to be stable and was discharged home. Of these 43, 7 experienced their second seizure in the ED and subsequently received anticonvulsants. One subject was found to have pleocytosis (WBC=11), but lacked growth of any organism from CSF or blood cultures and had no other physical manifestations of neurological disease.
The incidence rate of ABM in our population is comparable to that of similar studies, and supports the assertion that ABM is uncommon in this population.6,17 Therefore, it may be possible to identify a subset of patients presenting with a first complex febrile seizure who tend to be at lower risk of ABM or other serious neurological disease in order to administer appropriate treatment more efficiently. No neurological disease was diagnosed in this group of patients, which is consistent with analyses in similar populations.6 None of the patients in this population were found to have neurological sequelae in follow up.
One important factor to consider in our analysis is that ABM rates are relatively rare, so studies of its incidence in a given population require a very large sample size.
Although we manually screened these patients’ records to ensure that each met eligibility requirements, other children experiencing FCFS may have been miscoded. As Kimia et al6 have suggested, patients presenting only with 2 short febrile seizures within 24 hours may be less likely to have ABM, and may not require lumbar puncture without other clinical symptoms of neurological disease. After the war he was wanted for crimes against humanity, but returned as a war hero to the Middle East, and remained Grand Mufti at least 10 years after WWII. Hizb reportedly now has secret cells in 40 countries, outlawed in Russia, Germany, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia and many others, but not in the USA where they hold an annual conference, and ita€™s still a legal political party in UK. Extremely influential Sunni jurist, sharia scholar based in Qatar, memorized the Koran by age ten.
Chairman of the board of trustees atA Michigan-based Islamic American University, a subsidiary of the Muslim American Society, which was claimed by the Muslim Brotherhood as theirs in 1987. Goma€™a was #7 in the book co-authored by John Esposito featuring the world's 500 most influential Muslims, and he is widely hailed as a Moderatea„?.
He was the program's director until his retirement in 1980 and University Distinguished Research Professor until his death at 98 years old. Deputy Chairman of the Jeddah based Islamic Fiqh Council of the OIC, and is a member of ECFR, whose President is Sheik Qaradawi. OBL was enrolled there from 76-81 where they probably first met; Azzam eventually became his mentor.
In fact 3 times Pulitzer Prize winner and Middle East Experta„? Thomas Friedman wants to give a Nobel prize to him even though he is an Islamic supremacist. There is much more than those 2 books, here are reading lists with books full of more evidence from Muslim and non-Muslim accounts of institutionalized IS&J for over 1300 years.
University Dogma takes for granted that a majority of jurists and ulama scholars, past and present, taught against IS&J, but no one says who and where these people are, and exactly what they said about relations between Muslims and non-Muslims. We provide high-quality articles to the scientific community and we strive for your research improvement and distinguish-ment throughout the world. Exclusion criteria included history of a complex febrile seizure, history of an afebrile seizure, trauma, or severe underlying neurological disorder.


Simple febrile seizures are generalized, last less than 15 minutes, and do not recur within 24 hours.
We chose this age group in order to be consistent with the classic age range of a simple febrile seizure. It is unlikely to have excluded patients with a recorded diagnosis of bacterial meningitis rather than complex febrile seizure due to our institution’s billing practices, which include a full listing of all diagnoses. Attending physician notes were surveyed for physical examination data, specifically the presence of macrocephaly, Todd’s paralysis, petechiae, a prolonged postictal period, or a need for intubation.
We therefore recorded intubation as occurring before (n=5) or after (n=35) the administration of anticonvulsants to account for this uncertainty. He was intubated after receiving anticonvulsants, but had no other physical indicator of neurological disease. Twenty patients in this sub-population had already been seen in an ED for their initial febrile seizure, and were discharged home with a diagnosis of simple febrile seizure. To better streamline patient care in a rushed pediatric ED, it’s important to establish which patients may require lumbar puncture more urgently than others. While this may verge on common sense, the value of trained physicians’ clinical bias should not be overlooked. While each febrile seizure should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis, our data suggest that patients who fall into this sub-population may be at a lesser risk of ABM or other serious neurological disease. It is difficult to make any strong conclusions on the rates of ABM within this population of 193 patients; we can simply note that our findings appear to be consistent with similar studies and hope to supplement the existing literature on this topic. This may particularly apply to patients experiencing multiple febrile seizures within the duration of a febrile illness where no other complex feature was observed, as each seizure event may have appeared to be a simple febrile seizure.
Furthermore, in patients with first complex febrile seizure, lumbar puncture is significantly more likely to be performed on patients that presented with seizure focality, status epilepticus, or a need for intubation. He is remembered as the godfather of Palestinian terrorism nationalism - Professor Edward Said praised him as a€?the voice of the Palestinian people.a€? The History Channel made a film about him. Former Hizb-ut-Tahrir member Ed Husain, in his 2007 book The Islamist, says: The difference between Hizb ut-Tahrir and jihadists, is tactics, not goals. Qaradawi was #6 in the book co authored by Esposito in 2009 featuring the world's 500 most influential Muslims. Similarly, when Muslims and the Western heirs of the Enlightenment speak of tolerance they have different things in mind. Internationally recognized as one of the world's leading authorities on Islamic law and jurisprudence, modern Arab and Iraqi history, and politics. Even though he is not a sharia scholar, he is on this page because that is mostly what his The Calcutta Qur'an Petition (1986) is - quotes of Koranic commentaries by famous sharia scholars, in an attempt to ban the Koran in India.
If you have any examples, please send documentary evidence so I can add it to the Tiny Minority of Extremists page, coming up next.
Data extracted included age, gender, relevant medical history, descriptions of seizure, treatment received, and follow-up data. All patients presented to the ED within 24 hours of the seizure, and had one or more features of a complex seizure.
This list was manually screened by both authors to ensure that the inclusion and exclusion criteria were met. Each patient’s record was screened for hospital notes, if admitted, and any subsequent follow up at our institution within 7 days of discharge. As the admitting facility for our region, we are aware of patients admitted in our area, and it is unlikely that any children were re-admitted without our awareness. Only 1 of the 20 received a lumbar puncture at the initial visit due to the presence of petechiae, but her CSF appeared normal and no other physical signs of disease were apparent upon presentation.
Blood culture was performed on 22 patients, and no organism was isolated from any of these samples. None of the patients had an additional seizure or any recorded adverse event during the course of inpatient stay.
With this in mind, our sub-population analysis of patients presenting with 2 brief seizures within 24 hours excluded any patients with focality or status epilepticus by definition, and none of the eligible patients required intubation during their treatment in our ED.
Patients with 2 short febrile seizures within 24 hours without other signs of neurological disease may not require lumbar puncture in the pediatric ED. We attempted to control for this by ensuring that our search for patient charts was as comprehensive as possible. They simply deny that it is a principle of Islam that jihad may include wars of aggression.
Mashriqia€™s book Tazkirah (a commentary of the Quran) was nominated for the 1925 Nobel Prize in Literature.
What is the good of us (the mullahs) asking for the hand of a thief to be severed or an adulteress to be stoned to death when all we can do is recommend such punishments, having no power to implement them? Because of his huge influence, and to understand the significance of his connections with Moderatea„? American Muslim leaders that you will see in the Muslim Brotherhood page, you must understand what believes. Patients presenting with two short febrile seizures within 24 hours were then analyzed separately to assess health outcomes in this population. Further description of the 57 patients who did not receive lumbar puncture can be found in Table 3. He lacked CSF or blood culture growth, but antibodies for a mycoplasma bacterial species were identified in the blood.
None was assigned an admission or discharge diagnosis of bacterial meningitis, or other serious neurological disease. As in the patients who did not receive lumbar puncture, the 3 most common discharge diagnoses were unspecified viral illness (n=7), otitis media (n=6), and gastroenteritis (n=4); no child was diagnosed with a serious neurological disease. The tendency of pediatric emergency physicians to treat patients with these specific clinical indicators of neurological disease reflects an existing perception of what serious neurological disease looks like upon presentation to a pediatric ED.
Fouad Ajami said "Professor Khadduri was one of the pioneers of Middle Eastern studies in the United States.
The attending physician assigned this patient a discharge diagnosis of bacterial meningitis, for which he was treated during a month-long inpatient stay. This may not have been the case for children presenting with multiple seizures at home before presentation in the ED, or for patients who presented with focality that was not immediately recognized by the parent. Pepin, Caryn Wagner-McPherson, Dan Layman, Jason Maas, Sara Jaeger, Rebecca Walker, Kristine Wylie, Mandeep SekhonWarren R. In 1930 I sent him my Isharat concerning the Khaksar movement with a picture of a spade-bearer Khaksar at the end of that book.
According to prosecutors, the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center (WTC), which killed six people, was part of the conspiracy. The intention of Mohammed, in what he said of jihad, may have been misunderstood and misrepresented.
None of the patients returned with reports of additional seizure or other neurological sequelae. Future studies on this topic may focus on prospectively enrolling patients to gain a comprehensive understanding of febrile seizure presentation.
Islam says: Whatever good there it exists thanks to the sword and in the shadow of the sword! Founded the Shaybani Society of International Law, and was a founder of the Middle East Institute, and the University of Libya, where he became dean in 1957. Until the newer conceptions, as to what the Koran teaches as to the duty of the believer towards non-believers, have spread further..



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