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Abstract energy efficiency background made of green, yellow, orange and red stripes and soft effects.
Here comes the moment you should think about the Energy efficiency of your future house if building a new one or if your house needs to be renovated and namely how you can take an advantage on the energy that surrounds us coming from the sun, the wind, the air and the earth. If building a new house in Bulgaria – before you start a building project, the building site and its climate should be carefully evaluated to determine the optimum design and orientation for the house. The house has to be designed so that the south facing windows absorb energy from the sun thus the premises that are used more often, living- and dining-room for example will use the direct sunshine as a heating source during winter months. In summer months it is recommended to place some sun-shades over the windows or to find any other way of sun protection because overheating causes discomfort in the house. Insulation reduces heat loss and it is an essential component towards achieving the best results for energy saving. For full energy efficiency you may anticipate solar hot water heating, a whole house ventilation system with heat exchanger providing both heating and cooling of the air - fresh air may be brought into the house through underground ducts that exchange heat with the soil. If repairing an old house - most of the foreign owners have bought old properties in Bulgaria in order to use them as summer houses. Good wall insulation with glass mineral wool and plasterboard from the inside is more that required in order avoiding the heat penetration though the walls. These are some of the major steps that are essential to follow if you wish to have a house providing a superior comfort even in the hottest summer days. Dense evergreen planting next to the west wall will provide shade against the hot summer sun and a wind barrier against cold winter and will also make your property look more attractive.
Energy efficiency is probably the most cost-effective solution for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The climate action plans of states in the Southwest propose a range of voluntary and mandatory programs and policies.
Discussion of these energy efficiency options below is based, in part, on a review and analysis of state plans created between 2005 and 2007 in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah to help achieve statewide greenhouse gas emission reductions.
Some of these policies have since been implemented or are being tested by states in the Southwest. Adjusting energy rates by time of day and season as a function of supply and demand, and establishing rates that increase in steps as customer energy use increases. Northern Arizona University's Applied Research and Development building is one of the greenest in the world.
State climate plans recommend that states and local municipalities adopt and regularly update modern energy efficiency building codes for all new residential and commercial buildings and major renovations of existing buildings.
Browse the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy’s user-friendly policy database to learn more about current state energy efficiency policies. In addition to state and local energy efficiency codes, states can require new government buildings to comply with Leadership in Energy Efficient Design (LEED) building standards. Recycling and reusing recycled materials helps make the products we consume less energy-intensive. If we consider a product’s full life cycle, including how it is disposed of, recycling also helps reduce emissions by keeping recyclable materials out of landfills.
Ensure state laws allow local governments to transition from completely voluntary to increasingly mandatory recycling programs.
An energy transfer diagram or a Sankey diagram is used to show the transfer of energy across a process or a device. An ordinary light bulb works on the principle of a thin wire (filament) being heated by the resistance to the electrical current.
Here a greater proportion of the electrical energy is converted to useful light, thus the energy saving light bulb is a more efficient device.
When energy is transformed or transferred only part of it can be usefully transformed or transferred. Both the useful energy and the wasted energy which is transformed or transferred are eventually transferred to their surroundings which become warmer.
The greater the percentage of the energy that can be usefully transformed by a device the higher its efficiency. The European Energy Star Programme is a voluntary energy labelling programme for office equipment. Manufacturers, assemblers, exporters, importers and retailers are invited to register with the European Commission allowing them to place the Energy Star label on products that meet or exceed energy-efficiency guidelines. As office equipment is traded world-wide, the initial Agreement was signed December 2000 between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community intended to co-ordinate energy-efficient labelling programmes for office equipment – computers, monitors, copiers, printers, scanners and fax machines …– in two of the major global markets for office products.

A regulation adopted in November 2001 establishes the general rules and procedures for the implementation of the Energy Star programme in the Community.
Early 2006 the Council gave a mandate to the Commission to negotiate with the USA a new Energy Star Agreement for office equipment. The new EU-US Energy Star Agreement for office equipment has come into force in December 2006 and is valid for a second period of five years.
DG JRC manage on behalf of DG TREN the EU European Community Energy Star Technical Working  which will collect and discuss technical inputs by EU Member States experts and manufacturers on the revision process for the office equipment specification. The Sankey diagram shown in this post on the Green Car Congress blog visualizes that only 25% (green arrow) of the energy from combustion is used as “effective power” for mobility and accessories, while 40% of the energy is lost in exhaust gas. Projects are being carried out at John Deere, Caterpillar, Detroit Diesel and Mack Trucks, to name just a few. The inefficient energy use of car engines and other vehicles are the main reason for the transport sector being (next to energy generation and transmission) the sector where most energy is being lost (see this post). Indeed, waste heat from the exhaust and from EGR system of combustion engines offer a huge potential for fuel economy.
For racing applications the interest is having more power while respecting the regulations. The aim is to reduce the overall energy consumption in order to achieve a constant microclimate without any heating or cooling system. Decisions regarding appropriate windows, doors, and heating, cooling and ventilating appliances a central to an efficient design. A high standard of insulation materials built into the roof, external walls and ground floor is essential to achieve thermal comfort for the occupants.
They normally combine double or triple-pane insulated glazing, low emissivity (low-E) coated glass, argon or krypton gas filled gaps, insulated glass spacers and specially developed thermally broken window frames.
This is usually done by installing new ceilings of plasterboard and placing glass mineral wool above the plasterboards. Be aware that this could narrow the size of the room with 12-15cm in both directions so it is not always possible. We are general builders covering all aspects of construction including Property Renovation, Repairs and Property finishes in Bulgaria. In many cases, improving the efficiency of buildings, upgrading electrical appliances, and making other home and building modifications can save a significant amount of energy. EPA, a compact fluorescent bulb (left) uses 75 percent less energy than an incandescent bulb, lasts about 10 times longer, and saves about $30 in energy costs over its lifetime.
Gubernatorial executive orders instigated the planning processes in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah, while a coalition of stakeholders including the state of Colorado led by a regional non-profit organization initiated the Colorado plan. The states also set rules and guidelines requiring utilities to operate energy efficiency programs that provide households and businesses with incentives to reduce and optimize energy consumption. Allowing small automatic rate adjustments to help investor-owned utilities meet revenue goals may provide the incentives needed for utilities to support much greater expansion of energy efficiency programs. Emission reduction estimates based on these policies (Figure 1) assume reductions in electricity and natural gas demand by approximately 1 percent per year from 2007 through 2020, with savings over the period ranging from $18 per ton of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reduced in New Mexico to more than $36 saved per ton in Arizona. The first strategy has been shown to help reduce peak energy demand, while the second provides incentives to reduce overall energy demand.
Arizona’s estimated emission reductions of 28 million metric tons of CO2 (MMtCO2-e) from IRP, for example, is based on utilities factoring in a federal tax of $15 per metric ton of CO2 that creates an incentive to reduce emissions by increasing energy efficiency over the period of 2007 through 2020. New Mexico’s plan also calls for requiring all new residential and commercial buildings to be wired and plumbed for solar panels and solar water heaters, making it more likely homeowners and building owners will install these cost- and energy-efficient technologies. The New Mexico and Colorado plans propose establishing low- and no-interest loans and revolving funds to improve the energy efficiency of existing state buildings, with repayment of loans based on energy cost savings realized by increased energy efficiency. CHP simultaneously provides electrical and heat needs from a single fuel source such as natural gas, biomass, waste heat, or oil. Items like clothes, office supplies, and beverages have built-in greenhouse gas emissions before we acquire them: the extraction of raw materials, their production, and transportation add to their carbon footprint.
Underground, landfill waste decomposes in the absence of oxygen, producing methane, a potent greenhouse gas that eventually seeps out of the landfill and into the atmosphere.
Input energy is taken in by the device in one form and transformed to output energy in another form. It is a flow diagram in which the widths of the arrows show the relative amounts of each type of energy.
Here the electrical energy is supplied to electrodes which generate fast moving electrons that pass through a tube containing mercury gas.

The energy which is not usefully transformed or transferred is referred to as wasted energy. As the energy spreads out it becomes more difficult to use for further energy transformations. The Energy Star logo helps consumers identify office equipment products that save them money and help protect the environment by saving energy. The Energy Star programme for office equipment aims at fostering the energy efficiency of office equipment without creating barriers to trade.
It takes into account the experiences of the first period of programme implementation, and contains new demanding and innovative energy efficiency criteria. Department of Energy (DOE) is funding research projects that target the increase of efficiency of car engine. Observations indicate that the energy costs can be reduced up to 85% by using energy efficient technologies.
Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or heat gain and will reduce the energy demands of heating systems.
Expertly designed, assembled and installed those double or triple glazing windows will significantly reduce energy. South facing windows are are a great asset in winter months but can be such a pain in the hot moths.
Where possible the old ceiling can stay so the new ceiling is made under the existing ceiling that serves as a second insulation.
The houses in the Bulgaria villages are usually having small sized room that is why we reccomend to glue the plasterboardswith the proper adhesive directly to the wall The air that stays between the two surfaces – the wall and the plasterboard - serves as an additional insulation (plasterboards are made of gypsum which is a insulating product itself) and for this reason the outside insulation on the external walls could be saved especially if the walls outside are plastered and are in good condition. Because the energy we use is primarily produced from fossil fuels, energy savings translate directly into reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
It is through these programs that states see significant greenhouse gas emission reductions (Figure 1). Estimated emission reductions from building energy codes and efficiency improvements from 2007 through 2020 for Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado combined amount to almost 100 MMtCO2-e (Figure 1).
It is in use in a wide range of facilities, including industrial manufacturers, universities, wastewater treatment facilities, and multi-family housing. Department of Energy EnergySavers programs, states and local governments can adopt standards and incentives that set a baseline for the efficiency of various electrical appliances sold and used. Recycling and increasing the amount of recycled materials in the products we buy reduces greenhouse gas emissions by at least offsetting the energy used to extract new raw materials.
Composting of organic materials is another way to reduce the production of methane at landfills. Thus the 100J of electrical energy is transformed to 5 J of light energy and 95J of heat energy. As the electrical energy is required in heating the wire hence this is why most of the energy is given off as heat. On collision with the mercury atoms ultraviolet light is produced which then collides with the phosphor atoms coated around the tube converting the ultraviolet to visible light. Office information and communication technology equipment (computers, monitors, printers, fax machines, copiers, scanners and multifunction devices) is responsible for a growing share of electricity consumption in the EU. The criteria cover the energy consumption both in the standby and in the use phase, and will be further developed and adapted to future technology and market evolution. Therefore your house should, in general have few windows on its northern, eastern and western sides. States propose a range of financial incentives to achieve greater use of CHP, as well as outreach and education aimed at building owners and managers.
In the case of the light bulb the 95J of energy transferred as heat is wasted energy as it is not useful because the purpose of the device is to produce light.
ENERGY STAR is part of the Community strategy to better manage energy demand, contribute to security of energy supply and mitigate climate change.
New Mexico recommended adopting state standards, which would result in approximately 2.1 MMtCO2-e in emission reductions for 2007 through 2020, with more than $40 saved per metric ton of CO2 reduced over the period, according to the state climate plan.

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